Newspaper Page Text
OLD CURIOSTY SHOP.
late Colonel James L. L. F.
Warren had for years been plan
ning for the classification of his
X belongings, being desirous of put
ting beyond the perils of the auc
tion counter snch of them as were of rare
historical vaiue. He seemed quite hale
and hearty only a year ago when he in
formed a friend that "the very thought of
executors pawing around and hawking
bis collection to idle-minded sightseers
haunted him." But the colonel's object,
VIEW OF TUE INTERIOR OF COLONEL WARREN'S OLD CURIOSITY SHOP.
[Sketched by a "Call" arttit.]
in thi? respect, was never accomplished.
The idea of himself making a disposition
of his effects never got beyond the stage
of intention, and when he passed out of
the world of flesh some three weeks ago
his curios and his treasures cf literature
science and art were still scattered about
his veritable "old curiosit3'-shop" at 1004
Howard street, and the confused heaps of
his papers, books, magazines, pictures and
relics were almost bidden underneath the
undisturbed dust of months.
To-day the executors are performing the
laborious task that Colonel Warren laid
out for some historiographer, and the rich
mementos of old times that represent the
patient in-gathering of four score years
may soon be disposed of in the very man
ner that was invested with perils to
the mind of the pioneer — under the auc
Old Colonel Warren was a walking en
cyclopedia of information. He possessed
a splendid memory, and from the year
1815, when a mere child of 10. he continued
to collect and store papers and periodicals
that might become of value at a future
day. It is to be regretted that the Colonel
did not find time, in his later years, to
write a volume with reference to his col
lection, for much of the interesting history
of many of the relics was buried forever
when the man whose chief pride they were
was laid below the reaches of the sun.
Still, as you push or sidle your way
throueh that memory-haunted snop with
its wealth of old books, cases of relics and
mineralogical specimens, stacks of
albums, tiunka and boxes filled with his
tory-breathinc letters and manuscripts
and tokens from everywhere, and march
through a narrow aisle, upon each side of
which newspapers are piled from floor to
ceiling— and when you are assured,
furthermore, that heaped up there out of
eight are complete files of leading papers
and magazines from the very beginning
of the century — you hardly feel that any
fuing is needed to inform you of their
value. The books and capers speak for
themselves, and the late owner had
labeled many of the relics with a careful
The executors are taking an inventory
of the contents of the shop, and it will be
weeks before they can possibly form an
estimate of the value of the collection.
It is rather a puzzle where to begin to
describe the mass of things in this long,
dark room. In the first glass case that !
FILLS OF OLD NEWSPAPERS . WERE PILED AS". HIGH AS THE CEILING.
[Sketched by a "Call" artist.]
| meets your gaze as you enter, you may be
! hold some Fiji Island musical instrn
i ments, an elephant's grinder, a shark's
! tooth and then a piece of the ship Cad
! mus, in which that famous friend of
! America, the Marquis de Lafayette, made
j his first trip to the united colonies in 1777.
Colonel Warren prized that bit of wood
1 dearly. To his intimate friends he would
' sometimes, wnile in a reminiscent mood,
! picture the scene of the laying of the cor
j nerstone of Bunker Hill monument in
j 1525. Lafayette was there, the guest of
1 the Nation, and Warren, tben only 20
SOME OF THE THINGS TO BE SEEN IN THE OLD CURIOSITY SHOP.
[Sketched by a "Call" artist.}
THE SAX FRAXCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, MAY 10, 1896.
years of age, was one of the guard of
ho:ior to the Frenchman who played so
glorious a part at the side of Washington.
And so that piece of the sbip Cadmus told
volumes to the eye of the nonagenarian.
A few stops further on is a work of art —
"Bunker Hill Monument" — made of rare
and beautiful shells, crystals and moss
agate. On the floor below it is a cannon
ball dug up by young Warren in 1823 on
the hillside where his immortal namesake
inspired the Continentals by flaming
words and flashing sword to deeds which
hewed a way for liberty.
Would you know something of interest
about the early history of agriculture in
California? The tall broom, with the very
lone brush, leaning against yonder case,
will tell you a little and give you a hint as
to where you may find more. The label
on it reads: "First broom made in Cali
fornia — 1852. Exhibited in Sacramento
at Warren's Agricultural Fair on
.1 street." In fact, Colonel Warren
held the first agricultural fair in
tne Golden State, and he has been
styled "the father of husbandry in Califor
nia." He is credited with having been the
foremost man at the dawn of statehood
here to call the attention of the general
Miblic to the desirability of cultivating the
soil and of seeking fortune by its tillage
rather than continue the crush to the
crowded mines. Herelies a box containing
sixty specimens, each in a little bottle by
itseif, of California native flower seeds,
packed in 1852 and 1853. A catalogue ac
companies the box. May not some spe
cialist in floriculture find value in these?
Might not these same seeds serve to ex-
Elain away a doubt as to some fact of a
Over there in the corner, black with
dust, is a sack of flour of the first, ever
manufactured in California. It was made
by Warren himself in 1853.
Look around at the paintings on the
wall. Let us wipe away some of the dust.
Ah! there is an ancient painting by
Rudolf Wargitzky. Berlin, entitled "The
Piper and the Madonna.". It is excellently
well preserved. An oil painting of General
John A. Sutter, by one of the early Cali
fornia artists, occupies a prominent place.
It is said to be the finest likeness in ex
istence of that man whose name is so
indelibly associated with our pioneer
times. An oil portrait of the "good gray
poet." Walt Whitman, harms next to i[
and next to that aqainis a portrait of War I
ren, painted by W. C. Pratt at Boston in
Stacked up on a table is a pile of samples
of California woods prepared by Thomas
Hatch, woodworker. The samples em
brace the yellow pine, big-tree sequoia,
laurel, ash, fir, curly redwood, live and
white oak, maple, alder, white cedar,
shitam wood, camphor, pear, birc'i, ma-f
drone, sugar pine, sycamore, nutmeg,
plain redwood and walnut varieties.
Here is a set of carved ivory chessmen,
marvels of exquisite workmanship. A
slip of paper in the box informs the curi
ous that '"this is the best set of chessmen
on the Pacific Coast and it was purchased
from Samuel Bran nan, then of the firm o
Osborn & Brannan,on Montgomery street,
in 1849, and I paid $50 in gold lor* them."
The colonel valued highly an iron model
of the burial casket of Napoleon the Great,
purchased in Paris in 1847. It is made so
as to serve as an ink well.
Between the yeari 1820 and 1845 Colonel
Warren conducted the Nonatnum Vale
Gardens, at Brighton, Mass., and among
his effects is a visitor's record-book of that
resort, containing autographs of such
illustrious Americans as Webster, Clay,
Calhoun, Emerson, Longfellow, Brvant
and Elian Burritt.
Colonel Warren traveled in Europe with
Ole Bull when the latter was in his prime,
and about the shop are numerous pictures
and autographs of the great master of the
violin. At the bottom of one large like
ness of himself the musician wrote:
Homage to Colonel Warren, the father of
agriculture in California, the father of the
homeless, the father of his friends, the stanch
defender of liberty in the aits and sciences
and the protector of his admiring friend,
San Francisco, March 4, 1870.
In the mountain of papers, above referred
to, the deceased only a year ago ventured
the opinion that there were nearly 2,000,000
of newspapers and periodicals. " Had the
colonel lived for another decade, the in
crease in his newspaper collection would
have crowded him out of doors.
A copy of the "California Silk-Growers'
Manual,' by Louis Prevost, pioneer silk
| cuiturist of the Paciiic Coast (1867), is
marked "very rare — price $25."
Stumbling over a coral tree from the
Solomon Islands, you run against a table
lull of rare books. There is a "Collection
of Church Music," by the Boston Handel
and Haydn Society, printed in 1823, and a
complete set of the British poets— well
bound and finely preserved, in fifty
volumes— edited by Robert Walsh Jr., and
published by Samuel T. Bradford, Phila
delphia, iv iS22. Rare books abound on
the numerous shelves.
One of the rich mementos of famous
people is a large cnest made of a combina
tion of gold, silver and copper, and said to
have been the treasure 6afe of the great
Rolla of Peru.
The collections of old European and
American coins, and of stamps from nearly
nil nations, are extensive and valuable.
There is no telling, indeed, what a new
wealth of curios and relics may be dis
covered when the contents of the old shop
are thoroughly explored.
Toward the close of the colonel's life he
was constantly at his desk in the dusky
room during the daytime, uno at night he
reposed on a cot in a valley between his
mountains of papers. The old place was
more than a home to him. He lived there
among old friends and darling memories
and dreamed old dreams over and over
again. He prized everythine in tne shop,
even to the type with which he had long
ago printed the California Farmer. T»e
colonel in his day had been hotel-keeper,
temperance lecturer, merchant, newspaper
editor and agriculturiot. At last his rela
tives forced him to leave his treasure
house in order that his life might be pro
longed in a more healthful atmosphere
and by a more regular mode of living.
He had to be carried out, and he made
those who gently bore him halt at the
doorway while he cast a iong, lingering,
reluctant, farewell look at his busts and
his birds and his pictures and dis books.
Then he said, "Let us go," and the vete
ran of 90 years was driven away — bis last
journey but one, the journey to the grave.
Yes, we propose to conduct our whist
articles to reach and assist the beeinneir
who will study a little. We also intend to
remain in shallow water, and not to wade
out "over our heads," which seems to be
the fashion with those that go into print
possessed with a smattering knowledge
of the game. It is the custom with many
whist writers to tell all about the "grand
coup," the "fourchette," the "echo of the
call," the "sub-echo" and other things
before they try to get their readers
out of their whist kilts. Like many others
that play at the game, in our own opinion
we knew more about whist before we ever
read or knew there was such a thing as a
book published on the game than we did
after ten years of hard study. For about
five years we have been a pupil of Miss Kate
Wbeelock, and if the little queen will per
mit us to be one of her loyal subjects five
years more we will continue to be one of
her pupils. Her judgment and knowledge
of the game is so great that no question in
whist ever comes up that we do not
suDmit the same to her royal highness
as well as other whist authorities and no
one is ever more willing than our queen to
help aloug tho^e who are trying to help
themselves. This much we have said in an
swer to letters received, asking if ourwnist
coiumn will continue, as it has started in,
to help those who are williug to study a
""Whist" for April is just at hand.
Many things that are said in this num
ber will be food for the "lad" players.
The columns of Whist are open for writers
on the game from all schools, and just
now before the June congress takes place,
Whist is undoubtedly encouraging this
class of players to get them to show up in
full force at the congress, and prove by
their play that their different systeniß of
faHs have or have not . to stand on.
Iv the game just at the prabtdit time
there are a lot of players who arc beating
a ''ioin-tom," or playing on one string,
called the short-suit game. Every whist
player of the first rank knows there are
times when a hand demands the opening
of a short suit just as well as other hands
demand the opening of the long suit. It
is not possible for it to occur in the lifetime
of an individual that two deals in
whist were ever exactly alike, consequently
they are never played alike. Some three
years ago, in an article that appeared in
the Brooklyn Eagle on tne subject of how
to open the game and how your partner
should treat your original lead, we made
the following statement:
When the original leader opens a plain suit,
with both elements of strength declared, his
partner should put forth all his energies to es
tablish that suit immediately and briiitf it in
later, and not try to establish one in his own
band. In this case, when the partner obtains
the lead for the first time, If he' has a card that
will assist in the establishment of his partner's
suit, he should lead it at once, always bearing
in mind that a very long suit will seldom, if
ever, go round more than twice: or, should he
have four trumps, better still commence at
once to exhaust them, if no one has "called 1 '
or started a cail. It is often the best whist to
do so, even from three, particularly if you have
a re-entry card and can force the last trump
from 'he adversary. In this case 1 would al
ways do it.
Again, should the original leader open a suft
not very strong, and his partner lias a better
one, he should inform him at once by his re
turn lead, speaking by the card, and should
say, "The suit I am leading from is a better one
than you opened, aud therefore you must
abandon yours and assist me to establish this
one iv my hand."
The essence of all good whist piny is to make
all the tricks possible in each hand. In our
opinion the long and strong suit system is the
best way of accomplishing it. But should
neither you or your partner hold such a suit,
then I contend is the time to go in for a rufling
or short-suit game. I claim that it is not good
whist for the original ieader to open his best
suit aud expect his partner when he cut-, the
lead to do the same, merely to show the strong
suit of each partner, as advocated by some au
thorities. There is no case on record where in
one deal two plain suits were ever established
and brought in. This being a fact what Is the
use of following such line of play.
In this same article the writer took issue
with Cavendish and urged the adoption of
the fourth best from aoe and four small.
Since his letter was written the latter has
become universally adopted in this coun
"Commenting on the above letter John
H. Briggs, whose fame as a whist-player
and whist'writer is known wherever whist
is played, says:
Your advice upon the return of your part
ner's suit was a great surprise to me. It has
been a wonder that whist-players have not dis
covered the truths which you teil your readers
on the subject. You ought to have a great
deal of interest shown in your good work, but
I suppose the "cranks" pass it by because it is
free, and probably most of them can beat the
As a warning to short-suit players we
submit the following from the pen of
Milton C. Work in the Evening Telegraph
of a recen: date on short-suit leads without
vital reason :
We do not know a Philadelphia player of
any considerable whist caliber who belleVes in
short-suit doctrines, but there are many who
take an occasional "Uyer." A short-suit hand
which occurred in the second lour match be
tween Hamilton and Art last night, however,
will doubtless prove a warning against such
experiments in important matches. The
leader cards were four trumps, king,
ei«ht and two small, ace, queeu, jack
and two others of one side suit, a
small singleton and a three-card suit, headed
byaten. The lead of the ten cost live tricks,
and would have cost six had a trick not been
lost in the end play by the other side. Yet
this is the ifieal short-suit hand, viz.: open
ing a strengthening card and keeping a tenaoe
to be led up to. The player who led the sbort
suit got his tcnace not led up to but led
through and found the king solus to his left.
ANSWERS TO QUERIES.
We nre asked "When that Woodland
match is to take place."
James H. Doolittle of the St. Nicholas
Ho.el, an ardent devotee of whist, ar
ranged a match came between the Wood
land Whist Club of Woodland and th-
Trist Duplicate Whist Club of this Citye
and for some unknown reason he backs,
Wo are asked our opinion in regard to
the original lead of jack or queen from ace,
king, queen, jack and others. It is a mat
ter of no great importance, but it certainly
simplifies the jack lead, and for that reason
alone we consider it a good innovation for
advanced players to lead queen from this
combination, and when you lead jack you
deny holding the ace.
G. H. D.— On trick 4 East led 8 of dia
monds. West holding 4 small should re
tain the lowest— play third best — when
he cannot head the trick; for the pur
pose of enabling partner to count num
ber, and on second round of the same
suit he should play second best remaining.
On Saturday, June 27, t&e last day of the
A. W. L. congress, there is to be a bicycle
parade, and it is estimated that at least
10,000 wheelmen will oarticipate. All
whist-players and delegates are recom
mended to bring their wheels with them.
The Call would like to ask how a whist
player could get there without "wheels" —
they all have them.
The international whist match proposed
by the Whist Editor of The Call is very
likely to bear fruit. The London News of
April 7 says a move is on foot to attain
C. S. Averill and wife of Syracuse, N. V.,
have been spending a few weeks in Cali
fornia. Mr. Averill and our Whist Editor
were boys together — no wonder he loves
whist. Mrs. Averill is a student of the
SAN FRANCISCO WHIST CLUB.
(Announcement for May, 1896.)
The ladies' trophy play will be continued as
already announced. Regular tournaments on
Monday, Wednesday and Saturday evenings
will be as heretofore. No prizes will be awarded
excepting on the evening of Wednesday, May
20, when the couple making the highest num
ber of points above the average (subject to
handicap) >ylll be awarded prizes.
The continuous play of straight whist for
prizes, as previously announced, will continue
until further notice. The game will be found
interesting, and it is hot>ed that each member
will qualify for the prize by playing the requi
site number of thirty games.
The entire front page of Leslie's Weekly,
one of the leading illustrated papers of
New York, is given up to a beautiful draw
ine, "An Evening at Whist."
E. C. Howell's new book now in press
will be out in a few weeks. It will treat
on the "Strategic Game."
The announcement for whist play in
the Trist Duplicate Whist Club for May is
the same as April, with one exception.
No more straight whist will be played on
Saturday nights. Duplicate only — visitors
like it better.
The whist play ot the great French ex
pert Deschapelles often called forth out
bursts of applause, such ns handclapping
and cheers from the onlookers. We know
of only one instance in this country where
such a thing happened.
Whist-players in England always score
honors. Players in this country never do.
ANSWERS TO PROBLEM 5.
We received fifty-three letters inclosing
solutions to problem 5. Eleven out of the
number are correct. They were received
in the following order:
First, Mrs. F. H. Atwater, Petaluma; second,
J. McKiustry, San Francisco; third, J. E. Mc-
Gowan, San Francisco; fourth, George E.
Housken, Stockton; fifth, Eliza R. Dainger
field, San Francisco; sixth, H. H. Hotaling
Han Francisco; seventh. Walter A. Stafford,
Stanford University; eighth, Theo Rosseter,
Alaineda; ninth, Eglantine Caldara, San
Francisco; tenth, John B. McNamar, Atlas;
eleventh, E. C. Brown, Oakland.
The following comes from far-off Maine:
Brunswick, Me., April 27, 1896.
Dear Editor: In answer to your Petaluma
whist problem of April 12, we beg leave to
submit the following an the only natural and
practical aaswer to the question:
South takes the trick with the queen of dia
monds and returns the six of clubs. This
seems to be, without doubt, the only lead In
dicated by the fall of the cards, and if followed
out correctly gives the side five tricks.
Trumps are contra-indicated of course; it is
not a place for the short-suit lead of the single
ton Jrmjr of hearts; and the fall of East's jacs
on North's lead of diamonds bars that suit, so
the simple lead oi the long and strong suit of
clubs is all that is left. For having applied
the eleven rule, South sees that the control of
diamonds lies with himself and his partner
and it Is his manifest duty to indicate to North
the other suit on which they must rely for
tricks, the strength in trump's being declared
The other deal given in the same number re
t quires no discussion, being of course a natu
ral "slam" baud.
Though across the continent we very much
enjoy your whist items. Respectfully yours,
•The Friday Night Duplicate Whist Club."
Harry B. Rcss, Secretary, of Brunswick, Me.
When we published problem 5 we
made the following statement:
"We will give a whistbook to the first
one that sends us the number of tricks
that North and South can make playing
thi* hand asryou please, all cards exposed
Mrs. Atwater was the "first" to send us
the correct solution. She wins the prize.
We request her to send us the title of the
book she would like — any one published in
this country. Mrs. Atwater's analysis of
the play is as follows:
South gets out three rounds of trumps
and at trick 4 leads the thirteenth trump
and forces a discard from all the others,
which has the most effect on West's hand.
If West discards j. heart South leads ace
of clubs then the deuce of hearts. If West
discards a diamond North makes four
heart tricks instead of five, and South
makes three diamonds instead of two.
If West should discard a club, then at
trick 6 South would lead queen club,
an.l then go on with hearts as before.
Trick 7 South must here lead his ace clubs,
as he might later in the hand block the
club Buit in North band.
This deal occurred in actual play some
years ago and is known as "the" great
PRIZE PROBLEM NO. 6
Is taken from April number of Whist. It
is by W. H. Whitneld of London.
Whist gives the twenty -second edition of
Cavendish for the best analysis.
All answers to our whist editor will be
sent to Whist, and we will give one year's
subscription to Whist for the best answer.
Spades trumps. North to lead. North and South
to make B out of the 8 tricks.
Answers will be published in June Whist;
alao in our own column.
BAB TALKS ON OLD DAYS
She Thinks People Were Much
Better a Hundred Years
A Home and Children Followed— Now
It Is a Hotel and a Poode
NEWYORK, N. V., May 4.— "ln the
days of old"— that was what I heard com
ing up the staircase. Tne voice that sang
the words never knew the days of old,
though it was a sweet, clear one. But the
words themselves set me to wondering.
Were the days of old better than these
days? In the days of long ago, were men
and women any better, and nobler, or was
life more desirable? It is true that
in the days of old nobody got up
early in the morning, called "Central,"
and had a row with her to gain
the morning amiability. In the days
of long ago nobody telegraphed a "How
do-you-do" to San Francisco and got a
"Good evening" in such a short time that
it could not be counted. Ail life was slow,
and it seems to me, somehow, tnat all life
was better. There were some luxuries
missing. We did not have strawberries in
NEW TO-DAT-DRT GOODS. •
THAT AREWORTHY OF PROMPT ATTENTION!
Our this week's special offerings SHOULD NOT BE OVER-
LOOKED BY ANY ONE WHO CARES TO SAVE MONEY ON THEIR
PURCHASES, for they include the following as well as an endless
variety of other special lines of NEW AND FASHIONABLE
GOODS, all offered at
PRICES THAT GREATLY FAVOR THE BEYER!
LADIES' SPRING CAPES.
LADIES' DOUBLE FULL RIPPLE CAPES, of navy and black cheviot, with upper
cape and rolling collar, trimmed with several rows of mohair braid, worth $3 50,
" will be offered at $1 75 each.
LADIES' DOUBLE CAPES, made of Black, Tan and Navy Blue Cloaking, upper cape
and collar braided in pretty designs, worth $4, will be offered at $2 50 each.
A.t !£3. 50.
LADIES' SINGLE CAPES, made of very fine cloaking, richly embroidered in Persian
shades, '.neck finished with pleated ribbon, black, navy blue and tan, worth $5, will
be offered at $3 30 each. .
LADIES' VELVET CAPES.
LADIES' SINGLE CIRCULAR CAPES, of black velvet, lined with twilled silk, very
neatly beaded, neck finished with ruching and streamers of satin ribbon, worth
$6 50, will be offered at $3 50 each. -?' 1
LADIES' SINGLE RIPPLE CAFE, of blacK velvet, with changeable silk lining, very
neatly jetted, finished at neck with ruche of ribbon and lace, worth $7 50, will be
offered at $5 each.
LADIES' SPRING JACKETS.
:• x.:; At, $5.C0.
LADIES' DOUBLE-BREASTED JACKETS, in mottled effects, different shades, with
very full leg-o'-mutton sleeves, large bone buttons, notched collar, worth $7 50, will
be offered at $5 each. ' ?• ;';
LADIES' SUITS AND SKIRTS.
■■ i AX, S.OO. ■• •■■ v:J : - "£%
LADIES' SUITS, consisting of Skirts and Double-Breasted Jackets, in navy, black
and mixed brown cheviot, with ripple skirts, mandolin sleeves, neatly finished,
worth $7 50, will be offered at $5 each.
LADIES' SUITS, consisting of Skirts and Double-Breasted Jackets, in navy and black
cheviot, also check» and mottled effects in shades of gray and tan, lined through-
out and neatly finished, worth $10, will be offered at $7 50 each.
"JFrom. 42. 5O to 520.00.
A full line of stylishly made SKIRTS, lined throughout, in Serges, Cheviots, Figured
Alpacas, Fancy Blacks and Colored Goods, Figured Black Silks, varying in price
from $2 50 to f 2O each.
-A.*. • <* 1 ©5.
CHILDREN'S DOUBLE-BREASTED JACKETS, of fancy checked material, in blue,
red and brown, leg o' mutton sleeves, notched collar, bone buttons, worth $3, will
be offered at $1 95 each.
SPECIAL SALE! — Enormous purchase of Fine White Blankets
(slightly imperfect), the clean up of the mills, ON SALE AT LESS
THAN MILL COST.
PURE WOOL. CRIB BLANKETS, size 36x50 inches $2.50 Pair
FINE WOOL COT BLANKETS, size 44x51 inches $3.00 Pair
SINGLE BED L,AMB'S-WOOL BLANKETS, size 54x04 inches $4%00 Pair
DOUBLE BED MISSION BLANKETS, size 68x80 inches.., S4-.90 Pair
EXTRA AUSTRALIAN WOOL BLANKETS, size 72x82 inches..... $5.50 Pair
CHOICE LAMBS-WOOL BLANKETS, size 78xS4 inches $6.50 Pair
SPECIALLY LARGE FINE BLANKETS, size 82x86 inches $7.75 Pair
tUT" These goods cost 33>£ per cent more to manufacture.
ISrOVR NEW CATALOGUE is now bains distributed to our COUNTRY PA-
TRONS ONLY, to whom it will be mailed free on receipt of address.
..■■ ■ ' . ,
fff/jff*^*^ MURPHY BOTLDmOv /
(/(/ laitft Street, corner if ]m% /
January, nor did youne ladies start out i
with black locks in the morning and ap
pear with blonde ones in the evening. In :
the days of old peroxide of hydrogen was
unknown on the toilet table, although j
there were wonderful mixtures for soften- I
ing the skin, for making the hair more j
glossy and the hands more soft.
People did not have as many clothes in i
the old times. A matron freshened from I
season to season the black satin or black !
silk that was her "best dress." and only |
brought out on special occasions, such as i
the marriage of a son or a daughter, the |
brocade that, it was whispered, came from
France. With this brocade was worn,
not twenty yards of imitation, but one i
yard of real lace, and, the festivity over, |
it was carefully put away and remained j
in the seclusion of a carved chest, with j
the perfume of cloves and lavender, until
another feast day came about. In those !
old days servants were better. Why? |
Because mistresses took an interest in
them, and the one that intended to marry
was assisted in getting her household
linen, while the one who nursed "my |
mother and all her children, me and all |
my children, "'wa9 buried from the house
of her mistress, often beside her mistress,
and laid to sleep forever with that best
tribute, love and sincere tears. In those
old days men made love to women
as they do nowadays, but that love-mak
ing culminated in marriage. Men spoke
to women with more reverence than they
do just now, and when young Knicker- j
bocker took to visiting Miss Stuyvesant
every Sunday night both families knew
what it meant, and Mme. Knickerbocker
and Mme. Stuyvesant loosed through tueir
linen chests to see what could be spared,
and Mme. Stuyvesant wondered if it would
be wise to give these young people, just j
starting in life, a silver tea service. Now- I
adays, their descendants demand diamond j
tiaras, necklaces and wonderful sunbursts j
that too often cover hearts that have mar
ried for diamonds and not for crowns of
love. In those old days a mother willed
her fur cloak to her daughter; it was
worth it; it was real sable or real ermine,
and styles did not change with the fancy
of every cocotte, as they do nowadays. A
well-cut, weil-made garment was in the j
fashion, and the mother's fur surcoat was I
gladly assumed Dy the daughter and willed j
by her to her eldest daughter.
In those days marriage didn't mean, al
ways, the union of great wealth and great
social power; sometimes a man married
entirely for love, and his father could sym
pathize with him, even though his mother
longed for him to wed one of the rich
young ladies who came ot an afternoon to
knit and drink coffee with her.
But the father's heart went out to the
son and he settled a dower on the poor
girl and the marriage meant the maniug
of a home; indeed, it meant more than
that. It meant surrounding two young
people with six or eight, or ten or twelve
little people, born of their love, and each
greeted gladly. Nowadays, marriage too
often means a hotel and a puppy.
I am fond of dogs, but there is no dog
that can take the place of a baby, aud no
people who are married can find perfect
happiness when they make their tamily
consist of their two selves and a dog. It is
true that there are some unhappy people
to whom God doesn't send little children;
but those to whom he does send them
should receive them with open arms and
remember that, as they are children born
of wedded love, so they will encourage and
keep young the wedded love forever. In
these days women forgot the wonderful
bond that a little child is. What foolish
women they are ! A husband may be led
astray, may sin grievously, but if he can
ask his pardon through the eyes of a little
child where is the wife who would not
grant it to him? A wife may seem foolish,
a bit tiresome, and sometimes even silly,
but if her love for her husband lisps itself
in the voices of little children her weak
nesses will be forgotten and only her vir
tue remembered. And yet there are
women who do not care to be mothers!
In those days of old, women may have
been— if such a thing is possible—overreli
gious. And such a thing is possible — in a
way. The hot Sunday dinner was un
known and children wept over the cate
chism and went to sleep and were wakened
up to hear the clergyman preach about the
horrors of hell and the certainty of small
boys and small girls getting there, but
somehow it made a good backbone in men
and women, did that queer religious treat
ment. I have known what it was to sit
upon a bench, that was uncushioned, at a
silent meeting; no preaching avainst hell
ever equaled that. For that meant two
hours of absolute silence, ending in a sigh,
of relief, when the older Quakers, who sat
up and faced_ everybody, shooK hands.
During that time there came before me, as
no preacher could have painted it,
the sins I had committed. I remem
bered kicking N°d, the dog; I re
membered sticking out my tongue
at Henry Clay, the canary bird, and I re
membered, worst of all. that when I was
sent up to the bathroom one day and told
to wash my face and bands thoroughly,
I only gave them what in ray Southern
home would be called "a lick and a prom
ise." I tell you, my friend, that a still
meeting of two hours will convince a sen
sitive child that it stands before God on a
par with Judas and Ananias. Uut this
never hurt me. In fact, I think I always
felt better, and as I frisked home, hanc
ing to my grandfather's hand, I would
nod at father Gibbons and stretch my
mouth very wide to Bbow that my sec
ond teeth were all quite in. But those
days are only, after all, a little while ago.
They seem like yesterday to me. Here is
a question for the very learned people —
why is it that we forget the wonderful
things that happened a month ago and
remember so perfectly everything that
happened twenty-five years ago? The
X rays cannot explain that.
To be quite honest, I have very little
belief in the X rave. What good will it
do some girl who is horribly unhappy,
inasmuch as she feels she is to be a victim
to consumption, to have an X ray thrown
on her and make the doubt a certainty?
Yes, my friend, I am a believer in hope. It
is an old-fashioned belief, but then 1 am a
bit old-fashioned and have a leaning even
toward Judas, fully believing that
While the lamp holds out to burn
The vilest sinner may return.
In the days of old, women who did not
believe were unknown. Nowadays we
may have cleverer women— l doubt it.
But in those days little children hunp
around their mother's knees and learned
to say their prayers, and, later on, when
they were big children and the sorrows
of life came to them they returned to that
mother and wept out on her heart the
griefs that they could not tell. Bab.
Sixty languages are spoken in the im
mense empire governed by the Czar of