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THE SUMMER MONTHS.
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DAVID M. FOLTZ, Special Agent-
SUNDAY .....MAY 10, 1896
IKE: CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
Cleveland is evidently trying to work
Ihe civil service like a buuko game.
Patriotism, protection and prosperity is
the battle-cry that rallies the people this
The trouble with the outing season up to
date is that the weather hasn't given it an
The weather we complain of would strike
the Eastern people as a breath from
The San Joseah may talk through his
hat this morning, but he cannot get his
head in it.
If Weyler is as wise as Kruger he will let
the captured nUbu3ters go and be glad of
From a Republican standpoint the cam
paign will be simply a continuation of the
Sooner or later San Franci«co will have
to adopt the festival fashion or be counted
out of the State.
Before Congress finishes with the appro
priations it should provide a gas-. .eater
annex to the weather bureau.
Auburn, Healdsburg and San Jose have
had their dances, but more festivals are to
come— the season is young yet.
A correspondent writes that this year in
California "G. O. P." stands Jor gallant
old party — it embraces the ladies.
It remains to be seen whether the silence
of Grover Cleveland is a mystery story or
just a plain case of a dumb waiter.
It is an assured thing that the fruits of
politics this year will be the most whole
some crop we have had in a long time.
There must have been something of a
fin-de-siecle movement on the expedition
up the Nile, for it is out of sight already.
Failing to annex the Transvaal by the
arms of Jameson, England still has hopes
of taking it in by the diplomacy of Cham
If Chicago doesn't wish to be ashamed
of holding the Democratic Convention sne
had better make arrangements at once to
keep it quiet.
By his civil-service order Cleveland has
done all he can to keep his pets in office in
spite of what he knows the people will do
If the Democratic factions at Chicago
succeed in binding themselves together it
will be with barbed wire and the squirm
ing will be great.
As San Jose had to put her festival pa
vilion outside her corporate limits, it is
evident she is not big enongii to hold her
self when she has a spread on.
It is now reDorted that the damage to
the fruit crop is not so great as was feared
at hrst. This is one of the years when the
latest outlook is always the beet.
If the refunding scheme can be headed
off at tiiis session of Congress it will be
virtually defeated, for ttiH next one will be
too short to get a long jub through.
The woman's congress has adjourned,
but its influence will be kept vital by The
Call until the campaign is over and the
great battle for equal buffrage has been
Republican clubs in California should be
organized in time to display themselves in
good shape and strone force at the ratifi
cation meetings that will follow the Na
Providence will not temper the wind to
the shoru lamb of the. Democratic flock
this year. There will be nothing but cold
days tor them until they are put on the
roast in November.
The oniy Democrat who has found t.ny
favor as a Presidential candidate outside
of his ov.n fetate is Russell of Massachu
setts, and he has not found it any further
oS than Rhode Island.
The well-ordered condition of the Re
publican party when compared witu the
confusion in tne Democratic camp shows
the value to an organization of having a
leader who knows bow to lead.
The aspiration for a greater California
should be Kept in mind throughout the
campaign, and every voter^snould work
for the party whose measures and men
will best assure the prosperity necessary
to attain it.
From the eagerness of Hill to fight all
the battles of the Democratic administra
tion it would seem he is going to ask the
leadership on the Presidential ticket not
because he is the most tit but because he
has nt the most.
The Examiner thinks the Republican
candidate for the Presidency will have to
be a centipede to stand on all the planks
that have been prepared for him, but it
overlooks the fact that the Democratic
candidate will have to be a erub worm to
get into the hole that has been prepared
Whatever the importance to California
of the many things that are desired at the
bands of the Nation and however desira
ble it ia that the patriotic people of the
State work with all diligence for National
appreciation there are great* domestic
problems for our own people to solve un
aided. The vast resources of the State
still await development and the extent of
our achievements in that direction will
measure the consideration which we may
expect from the whole country. It will
not even be sufficient if we induce non
residents of means, energy and ability to
come and add their efforts to ours, though
there should be no relaxing of endeavor in
that direction. Apart from all these duties
is the one resting upon us to do all that we
can in developing the wealth lying under
our hands and awaiting our enterprise.
That is the first necessity in securing the
prosperity of California.
There are some among us who appre
ciate that fact. The greatest single enter
prise now under the direction of Califor
nians is the San Francisco and San
Joaquin Valley Railroad. It represents
an investment of about $6,000,000, but that
is the least of the considerations which it
involves. It is distinctly unique in con
While started as a legitimate business
enterprise, it deliberately established the
policy of abandoning any conceivable op
portunity to make enormous profits at the
expense of the people, and bound itself to
a reasonable income on the investment.
That was a radical departure from the es
tablished policy of those transportation
companies which have grown enormously
rich by charging all that the traffic could
bear, without any reference to the amount
of ttie investment.
t Another unique feature of the enter
prise is the relief which it will afford to
shippers, who for so many years have
borne excessive burdens. That will mean
for producers and merchants between San
Francisco mid Bakerstield a charge on
their wares that will enable them to pros
per. These charges, instead of being
based, as in the past, on the shipper's
margin of profit, will be regulated solely
by the desire of the company to secure a
return of 6 per cent on its investment.
That is something ntartingly new in Cali
fornia. Tnkin« into account the fact that
under fair conditions the rewards of in
dustry should be generous in this State, it
is evident that the policy of the Valley
road will leave a margin of profit to ship
pers that they liave never been permitted
to retain in the past. The-e matters are
clearly understood by the intelligent peo
ple of the £an Joaquin Valley. The rapid
development which that fertile section
will experience under the new conditions
will act directly unon the welfare of San
Francisco, and will simplify California's
task in demanding a wise National recog
nition of its needs.
ETHICS AND ECONOMICS.
A form of government like the United
States, in which the sovereign or supreme
power is lodge.d in the people collectively,
is deeply concened in the ethical as well
as in the economic well-being of every cit
izen. It was because these two factors in
the work of expanding the nation's mate
rial interests became antagonistic, one to
ward the other, and thus obstructed the
country's onward march, that necessity
gave birth to the Republican party. Hence
it is that every consistent Republican is
not only interested in the accumulation of
wealth by the people as a whole, but he is
intrusted with its distribution, lie could
not with satisfaction witness trade expan
sion and industrial growth unless all the
people were participating somewhat, at
least, in ratio to the worth of each indi
vidual effort in the operation. His Repub
lican doctrine teaches him that although
it is the people's duty collectively to pro
mote the Nation's welfare, the ultimate
purpose of all effort should be individual
prosperity and happiness.
The building up or tolerating of a social
status or property holdings with a plu
tocracy at the top and a proletariat at the
bottom would be in direct antagonism to
the principles of the Republican party.
This is absolutely true, becauso the cen
tral principle of Republicanism, around
which all others cluster, is that any in
crease in the general wealth of the country
that goes by arbitrary economic forces
into the hands of a few is doing great harm
and injustice to the many, besides weak
ening the ethical and political strength of
the Nation as a whole. The only true
system of wealth growth, says Republi
canism, is that which broadens and ele
vates the manhood of all concerned.
The spirit of the principles of the Re
publican party teaches that business effects
reach their highest and strongest unfold
ment when they are produced by ethical
causes; hence, the business enterprise
whose operatives participate in the distri
bution in the way of wages to the full
meßsure of their worth is an ideal business
enterprise, and it is these conditions of
existence that the Republican party is
working to establish through the operation
of laws that shall encourage such condi
tions and protect them as well. The Re
publican party denies with vehemence the
theory of government and economic prop
osition that there is permanency of social
or National life where one class of the
people is permitted to accumulate wealth
while another class sink in want and
A CLIMATIC ANOMALY.
It is hoped that the Weather Bureau
will pay diligent attention to the record
of "sensible temperatures," and that the
newspapers of California will lend every
encouragement to the work. The climates
of this State, like every other condition
with which we have to deal, are aa novel
and perplexing as they are various. The
publication of a bald record of thermo
metrieal readings is misleading and inade
quate, a citizen of New York, who sees
men and horses there succumbing to sun
stroke when the thermometer begins to
approach 100 degrees, can hardly be ex
pected to find a strong invitation in a sim
ilar reading for a thermometer in the
interior valleys of California, and when he
is told that notwithstanding this fact sun
strokes aud the terrible diseases peculiar
to Eastern summers are unknown here it
is natural for him to doubt the truth of
On the other hand, when the New Yorker
arrives at San Francisco in the middle of
summer, and discovers the thermometer
registering 80 degrees, he will likely com
mit the serious blunder of assuming that
the day is warm, and, acting on that con
clusion, mny wear light clothing, and with
out an overcoat take a trip on an open car
to the beach. If he escapes a severe cold
he is fortunate. The established residents
of the City have learned from experience
that the readings of the thermometer are
not a trustworthy guide for dress. Jfence,
while the readings in the interior of the
State indicate a temperature which in the
Eastern States would prohibit N hard labor
and induce sunstrokes and diseases fatal
to children, the readings on the coast are
equally misleading in tne opposite direc
tion by showing a temperature much
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, MAY 10, 1896.
higher than can be taken into account in
precautions against cold.
That is to say, both of these opposing
conditions are in turn opposed to the
Eastern experience. That presents a very
complex situation, but its elements are re
ducible to simple formulas. The records
of the Weather Bureau, unfortunately for
California, are based on Eastern prece
dents and experience, and these operate
diametrically against the conditions pre
valent here. It is largely a question of
humidity and winds. On a hot sum
mer day in the interior of California we
generally find both, extreme atmospheric
dryness and a considerable breeze. One
of these conditions— particularly that of
dryness— is constant, for the reason that
there are no rains. As a result the
moisture which the bodies of all ani
mals, including men, is constantly giv
ing out through the skin is instantly
evaporated, and evaporation produces a
lowering of temperature. In the Eastern
States an excess of atmospheric humidity
and an absence of winds prohibit, sepa
rately or together, this evaporation, and
In consequence the bodily temperature, in
stead of being cooled by evaporation, is
forced up to blood heat plus the excess of
atmospheric heat above that point. That
Likewise the constant strong winds that
blow from the ocean upon the coast
greatly lower the temperature of the body,
while not similarly affecting the ther
mometer. That is because the dry-bulb
therraometer.which isthe standard of East
ern thermal measurements, is insensible
to the action of winds. A wet-bulb ther
mometer shows a very different and lower
reading, and that is the temperature we
feel. It is incumbent on the Weather
Bureau officers and the press of California
to give us a class of readings suited to our
peculiar conditions. This is called the
THE FUNCTION OF CREDIT.
The time was when the dealer and trader
in nierchandis • would go with the ship or
caravan or wagon train and personally su
perintend the disposition of his commodi
ties on the cash down system. There was
no commercial credit in those days except
between neighbors, but that was before
the invention of the telegraph and the
railway. Faith in t. c business integrity
of fellow-merchants is now coined into
token money, so to speak, and public car
riers assume the responsibility of trans
porting articles of merchandise from initial
to distinctive points, and instead of the
owner or his messenger going with the
shipment to collect pay the shipper at
taches his bill of lading to a draft upon she
consignee and his banker cashes it. Only a
few years ago the draft became the mer
chant's messenger, but ro great has the
credit system grown that its dimensions
are beyond the power of any one to com
pute, and its ramifications are earth wide.
It i-- sai I that our bank clearing-house I
system furnishes the equivalent of more I
tuan twice the per capita mouey of tne !
country, and yet only the larger trade cen- j
ters maintain such institutions, and their :
clearings represent not more, than 50 per \
cent of all the business transacted by the '
people. Moreover, an examination of !
clearing-house reports will show that only '
about 10 or 15 per cent of ~the total clear- <
ings are settled with cash, and tiiat very !
often a creditor bank will reclear its cer- !
tificaies, thus still further reducing the
amount of actual money employed.
Our commercial exchanges add a still j
greater volume of substitutes for money. A j
country buyer of produce can conduct his j
business with bills of lading attached to
drafts, so that the actual capital which he !
employs may not be more that 5 or 10 per I
cent of the value of his shipments. The i
time note becomes token money the !
moment it is offered for sale or discount, j
There is no wav of knowing how many
thousand million dollars, as represented
by credit drafts attached to shipping bills, !
are moving to and from the business cen
ters every day, but it is estimated that
fully three billion dollars' worth of mer
chandise are afloat in the ships of the
world every hour, and which is moving on
the faith of, individual credit.
There is another kind of credit which
the United States enjoys more than any
other nation. This Government has out
standing a large number of bonds, green
backs and national bank and treasury
notes, but the holders of these several
promises to pay have no security whatever
except the willingness and the ability of
the people to redeem their pledges in
metallic money. Our national bank notes
are secured by Government bonds, but
there is nothing behind the bonds except <
the moral sense of the people. Tbis is the
highest credit, for it is based wholly upon
the integrity of the people who authorized
the bonds, bans notes aud Government
paper money to be issued. But the credit
of this Government, unlimited as it now
is, could be impaired by continuing a
policy that caused expenditure for main
tenance to run in excess of income and
provided for deficits by borrowing money.
The Government, like the individual, for
feits its credit when it lives beyond its
Among the thousand phases which the
complex condition of our politics discloses
at this time there is none more notable in
itself or more gratifying to patriots than
the calm steadiness with which the con
servative element of the people face the
problems before them, and the almost
perfect unity of sentiment which pre
vails among them as to the best means of
overcoming the difficulties that stand in
the way of a return to National prosperity.
The conditions are such as would fill
almost any other people on the globe with
impatience and excitement and divide
them into the impotence of a thousand
discordant factions. We have seen the In
dustries of the country in the full career of
an abounding prosperity checked so sud
denly as to throw everything into confu
sion and produce an immense disaster.
We have seen banks suspended, factories
closed, trade paralyzed, farms made un
profitable and workingmen forced into
idleness. Presiding over this ruin we
have seen an administration at once vacil
lating and obstinate, incompetent and
dogmatic. Thus to the disasters of busi
ness has been added the bungling of the
Government, and new irritations and in
juries coming month after month have for
three years been vexing every industry,
checking every trade and harassing every
To remedy all these evils many measures
are necessary. There must be a restora
tion of protection, oi reciprocity, of bi
metallism, uf a mercantile marine and a
more extensive undertaking of internal
improvements and coast and naval de
fenses. With so many measures to engage
public attention and eacn of such import
ance, it is a remarkable proof of the politi
cal capacity of the conservative element
of me American people that they can give
to each its rightful value and avoid exalt
ing any ono at tue cost of others. Despite
all the zeal of doctrinaires declaring this
thing or that thing to be the supreme is
sue, despite the clamor of radical or erratic
citizens shouting in response to the zealots,
the great mass of the people remains calm,
studying the whole field with serenity and
resolved to deal with each measure on its
merits and carry them all forward in one
grand comprehensive policy for the wtl
fare of the country.
In addition to the confusing effect of so
many great issues before the peopie at one
time, there is the further complexity that
the dominant party has no less than four
men with about equal claims upon it con
tending for the leadership. In this
rivalry, however generous it may be
between the great leaders themselves,
there is a natural tendency toward mutual
antagonism among their more excitable
partisans. Each croup demands that its
own particular favorite shall be honored
and will listen to no argument from others
or for others. Here again, however, the
conservative element shows its calm
strength and political wisdom. It is as
steadfast amid the cries of personal parti
sans as amid those of the zealots of par
ticular measures. It will deal with leaders
aa with doctrines, and, choosing the best,
will harmonize all.
There is no other people on earth that
could face this complexity of issues and
rivalry of chieftains with anything like
the political sagacity the American people
are now displaying. Among any other peo
ple there would be a party for every great
measure and a faction for every great
leader, but there would be r.o strong, domi
nant conservative majority establishing
harmony in the midst ol dissensions and
making it possible for statesmanship to
survive political emergencies. This char
acteristic of our people is the salvation of
the Republic. It assures not only perma
nence to our institutions, but steadiness to
our policies, and muses clear the way for
prosperity under circumstances where peo
ple less politically wise would rushintoex
tremes and make confusion worse con
The celebration at Monterey of the fif
tieth anniversary of the raising of the
American flag over California ought to be
mane one of the greatest festivals of the
season. It appeals to every loyal senti
ment from Slate pride to National patriot
ism and will inspire the patriotic with a
Among all the undertakings of the State
there ia none that more truly marks the
general progress toward prosperity than
the Valley road whose continuous advanc
ment means the overthrow of the monop
oly and the promotion of the welfare of
all industries within reach of its extend
IN LESS SERIOU S MOOD.
By Charles D. BOUTS.
Sycamore Springs, in Sau Luis Obispo county,
a decnde ago, was known as the "Oil Wells."
The existence of mountains of bituminous rock
iv the vicinityn ity and tne fact that near-by streams
gave slight surface indications of oil inclined
many to the belief that a river of oil was flow
ing directly underneath. To tapit might mean
the realization of millions. An expert from
Pennsylvania pronounced the character of the
boil there quite similar to that of the oil re
gions of the Keystone State. At Sun Luis
Obitpo a company of capitalists whs formed to
push forward the oil project and in a short
time a well had been sunk and pumping had
begun. The work at the oil wells was in charge
of an engineer by the name of Snauldiug. He
had been digging and pumping away
vigorously for some time, apparently in
spired by an abiding confidence in
the certainty of ■uecett, as well as a
money consideration, when one evening he
sent up a shout of joy aud dispatched a mes
senger into the city with the glad tidings that
he had "struck oil." Tne capitalists and some
friends drove out on the following morning to
make an inspection. Spaulding gave them a
jubilant greeting and strulgntway led them
to the well. Taking up a handful of freshly
thrown-up .•-and at the mouth of the well he
held it within an inch of the nose of the fore
most of the party.
"Smell of that!" cried Spaulding.
"Oil, sure as you breathe," exclaimed the
person addressed. In another moment every
body on the ground was excitedly repeating
the same thing: "Oil! no doubt about it I"
The news spread rapidly and everybody in the
"oil belt" began to dig. The company bought
up as many as possible of these otherwise
prospective opponents in the oil industry, and
the members of the combine were naturally
proud of their Ion? heads and of their shrewd,
farsighted steps toward the consummation of
Big plans were under consideration. Several
moneyed men from abroad desired to secure
shares in the enterprise. Another excursion
was organized an.l arrived unexpectedly at
the oil wells. It came at a most inopportune
time, so far as the engineer was concerned, for
Spaulding was lying in bed with an attack of
"What?" he yelled in an almost affrighted
way when an assistant rushed up with the in
formation that a crowd was at the wells.
"Great Caesarl Tell 'em the sand at the well
isn't fresh. Oil's evaporated. I'll be down
soon aud work the pump."
Meantime the visitors had surrounded the
well and were nosing and suifflng around in
the futile endeavor to discover truces of oil in
the sand. Disappointment shone on all faces.
"What's the matter with your oil indica
tions?" queried somebody as Spauldiug limped
up to the well.
"You see," replied Spaulding, readily,
"there wa3 a sort of cave-iu yesterday and the
sand you've been trying's from near the sur
face. I've ordered a sandwich lunch for the
crowd down at the fcoarding-house, and while
you folks are there I'll just set this pump to
Returning from lunch the party found that
fresh sand had been thrown up, and that this
sand was strongly impregnated with oil. Those
who looked straight into Spaulding's eyes
found nim looking straight back with all the
candor of innocence.
There was no enthusiasm among the excur
sionists on the home journey, and Spaulding
threw up his job that very night.
'•That's the meanest tninn I ever did," hede
olared. -'Alter I'd started the joke with a can
of kerosene oil I didn't know when to let up!"
But Spaulding had struck a flow of white
sulphur water, and some of the goid that was
sunk with the object of bringing up oil from
the rich dream-river below was lured back
ngain by the "White Sulphur Baths" which
were, built on the site of ihe well that showed
indications of "refined oil."
"There's any quantity of oil in San Luis
Obispo County," said one of the pioneers of
that region to me; "but the work of that wag
of an engineer, Spaulding, has scared every
body out of the notion of boring for it."
Wnat a world of deceit this is! And how
often may we not be uujust to the suffering
poor by confounding the prayer of need with
the well-rehearsed imitation of that appeal by
the professional faker. I was turning from
the street into the stairway of a business bouse
when a cripple, ragged and leaning on
crutches, accosted me. Halting for a moment
under the lamp at the entrance I looked him
over. It was rather late in the evening and
rather cold as well. In appearance the fellow
was quite an object of pity and the.'C were
tears in his voice as he nervously, rapidly un
reeled his tale.
"A strtuger— without friends— l am nearly
frozen, aud I hate to beg, but a man'll do
almost anything when he's shivering and half
starved. I want to sleep to-night and
I've got but 15 cents. Give me a dime for
God's sake and then I'm told I can get half
decent treatment for to-night. Show me any
job I can do tor you and I'll thank you. No, I
don't know the taste of liquor. I've passed
through hard times. Imagine yourself all
alone and crippled like me, kicked and cuffed
about and out in the night imploring charity.
I suppose it'll all have to wind up in the bay.
I'd be better dead anyhow."
The cripple wiped a tear from his cheek
with a dirty sleeve. I dropped him a dime,
and as I pursued my way upstairs I hali re
gretted that I hadn't given a quarter.
"Well," thought I, "if the inau is really in
need it was all he asked for; and if he was de
ceiving me I have lost very little."
From the top of the stairway I looked down,
and to my surprise the cripple was standing at
the doorway still. A second victim yielded
him a quarter; a third put a dime in his hand
with an expression of pity. A fourth — a fifth
contributed his mite; and still the cripple kept
repeating to each newcomer his well-worn
story. I could delay no longer and I ceased
my study. That cripple gathered in a dollar
or more in the brief time that I watched him
from the head of the stairs. I am inclined to
think that his receipts for a whole evening
would loot up close to five dollars.
At a later date, while I walked with a friend
along a crowded street, that same "cripple"
stepped in front of us. There was no mistak
ing the voice and face, although the beggar's
crutches had disappeared and he wore one
arm in a sling. The fact was that he had
grown tired of limping around on one foot,
and the "burned-arm" idea served as a relief.
My friend spoke in heavy tones: "Burned
arm now, eh? If you bother me I'll hand you
over to the police. You're worse than a pick
pocket. Get out 1"
The words were harsh, of course, and many
good people glared at my friend, commenting
silently, it would seem, on his apparent dis
play of utter heartiessness. But those good
people heard not the plea of the professional
faker as he slid aside: "Say, now, I ain't goiu'
to bother you. Letageeser make his dough,
can't you? Don't queer me with the whole
mob! See?" And the fortune-hunter was
seeking new prospects.
Yet, as was inferred above, the needy poor
starving, perhaDS, and forced in sheer despera
tion to ask for alms — are often denounced as
shuns and frauds and turned away with looks
that sting like blows.
From roof, door, window burst the flames:
The house became a furnace dire;
Tm» firemen fled from the battle dread
'Gainst the dashing spears of the conquering fire.
Theu a mother's cry the great throng thrills—
■'My child! My child!" was a" she said.
The people they heard, but no one stirred,
For surely the child in the flames was dead.
But see! The furnace has swallowed a form—
Cremation alive is a terrible thing —
Theiv's stillness of death, as, with bated breath,
The crowd tells seconds full slow of wing.
See! Staggering from the oven of flame,
The hero a precious burden bears.
•' ' 'l'is a tramp!" aloud cries a man in the crowd,
"Who has saved the daughter of Banker Shares."
O. many a summer has bloomed since then;
Thai child is a maiden fair to behold.
No viilagequeen j s go loveu, I ween,
And none with richer dower of gold.
And who, pray tell, is the new rashier
In the splendid seventeen-story bank?
'T!s the tramp whose deed proved a glorious lead,
And brought him fortune and name and rank.
The banker's daughter to-day he weds—
The brave and the fair shall be one to-day!
What a l.sson this tale to the tramp in jail:
(You see these things on the stage m the play.)
A beautiful girl, it appears, has been hypno
tized and led to the marriage altar under the
spell. She loves not the man she married and
fain would bo divorced. Should there be no
hypnotic intervention with reference to a legal
severance of the tie that oiuds that couple,
then the husband should be exiled immedi
ately after the decree is pronounced. Other
wise that poor girl will be doomed to live in
terror of meeting that ex-husband (without the
restraining influence of a court) and of being
yanked ripht back to a marrying parson in the
same old confessedly effective way.
Can it be that the late Victor Emmanuel,
King of Italy, was in reality the father ot the
long-toed shoe? It is related that it was his
custom to allow the nail on the great toe of
either foot to grow during the whole year,
cutting off the appendix, which might be an
inch long, on the first of every January. Then
the court jeweler polished these toenails till
they a c sumed the brilliancy of cats-eyes, and
set them in gold mountings surrounded by
diamonds. Superstition regarded trice bo
diamonded toenails as "talisman?." This is
possibly a clew to the origin of the shoe with
the extraordinarily long toe. Tne late king
didn't go barefooted, and he certainly didn't
roll up his toenails.
A delegate to the Women's Convention de
clared that "savage women had more freedom
than the modern wife." It may be added, in
like way, that savage man had more freedom
than the modern husband; wherefore, we
should rejoice that we are civilized.
Rev. M. G. Hart of Melbourne, Australia, has
taken the bicycle as a topic for his pulpit, and
is putting the modern invention to a fresh
and glorious use. lie has preached a sermon
from the text (Erekiel. 10: xiii): "As for
the wheels, it was cried unto them in my hear
ing, 'O wheel!'" The clergyman is positive
that if the prophet Ezekiel lived to-day he
would ride a bicycle.
'Die bine the modern preacher took
Ills sermon's text to he:
"For roadway well-defined they look
Who on their wheels we see;
And so I he highway of the King
The Christian aye should keep;
The slider-bacK doth perils orlng;
Ko faith should fall asleep.
"Oil your machine, good work to do.
The Christian, we can prove,
God's oil of grace must trickle through
To keep him on the move.
Good company assures a man
More pleasures on the wheel;
Good company's ft thing which can
Augment a Christian's weal.
••The little sins that men commit
Are punctures in the tire:
If sinners do not mend a bit,
They'll never pass the wire.
The wire it is the Christian gate
To £den, if you like.
The lesson heed ere all too late—
The lesson of the bike !"
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE.
WOES OF DEMOCRACY.
Fundamental Differences Imperil Its Ex
Editor The Call— Sik: Even superficial ob
servers begin to realize that the great National
party which produced a Jefferson, a Jackson, a
Calhoun, a Benton and a *core of other states
men of almost equal distinction, has reached
a critical period in its history. If the differ
ences which now beset the party are indeed ir
reconcilable the last chapter of its history will
close with the campaign of 1896. It is worth
while to take a candid glance at its present
confusion and distraction. To avoid even the
suspicion of bins and unfairness let us go to
unimpeachable Democratic sources for a state
ment of the situation which confronts Demo
Lying before me as I write is a copy of the
New York World. It is dated Wednesday,
April 29, J.B9G. On page 6, second column,
the leading editorial article is headed, "What
Will They Gain?" The opening sentence
states that "The free-silver Democrats of the
West and South hope to have a majority in the
Chicago convention." Then follows these
questions: "What can they hope to gain by
it? In what way will it advantage them
either as Democrats or free-silver men?"
In answering these questions the World
points out the fact that "the sixteen Southern
States solid have but 159 electoral votes, which
is sixty-five short of a majority." But "there
are fifty-nine votes in the South almost cer
tainly lost and forty-four imperiled." Turn
ing to the North the World declares that "the
Democrats could not hopo to carry one of the
old Northern States on the free-silver issue."
Looking westward the World asks: "Would the
new mining camp and Sagebrush States offer
any hope? But they have only thirty electoral
votes— six less than New York alone. And
they are nearly all Republican."
IfLet us hear the World's conclusion: "Is it
worth while, either as Democrats or free-silver
men. thus to sacrifice Democrntic power and
prestige in a fantastical frenzy for one single
and hopeless idea ?" "If the free-silver Demo
crats get control of the National Convention
they might as well vote at once to make'Mc-
Kinley's election unanimous."
This is certainly & bad outlook for Democ
racy, for free-silver Democrats are not going to
vote for a gold-standard man in 1896 on a plat
form demanding the gold standard. But the
real situation, the underlying and ineradica
b c difficulty, cannot be fully disclosed by even
so plain a statement as the World has given ur.
Democracy suffers from peculiar local dif
ferences. No one of clear vision and good in
telligence in the Democratic party has any
expectation or hope of gaining a National
victory this year. What follows? A supreme
struggle in Democratic States to continue to
hold the offices and patronage of these States,
and for this purpose they will freely sacrifice
National issues In this campaign. Consider
what tills means.
It would require a column of The Call for a
full exposition of this local aspect of the Dem
ocratic struggle for existence. Let me simply
indicate it. And here I desire to let the New
York Tribune of the siune date of the World,
April 29, have a chance to be heard: "In the
death grapple of hostile Democratic factions
the Eastern Democrat know s that he has not a
chance in any Eastern State unless be can
have an unqualified declaration for the main
tenance of the gold standard with a candidate
"But the Western or Southern Democrat has
to face an overpowering demand for free silver
coinage, and he knows that with a gold plat
form a great part of the Democratic voters will
go over to the Populists, leaving the Democ
racy not merely beaten, but permanently crip
pled by the loss of the mnchinery by which
elections are carried." "The Southern Demo
crat knows right well that he will be buried
out of sight if the people get a chance to vote
and have their votes counted." "He cares not
a rap whether Democracy gains in New York
or not." "Federal offices in the South are of
no value compared with State and local offices
and the control of the party machinery." The
same considerations govern in New York The
Tribune sums up tne situation in these words:
"Tnus it is seen that the rupture in the
Democratic party goes far deeper than any
difference of belief among leaders and work
ers. It is on both sides a fight for life — at the
South because free silver and soft-money here
sies have for thirty years been taught with so
much success that Domocrutic voters are fran
tic over them, and at the North because the
induence of commercial and banking classes
has made it impossible to create such a per
nicious public sentiment."
It may be remarked in passing that the
Tribune states with refreshing candor why it
is that the free coinage of silver has so few
friends in the northeastern section of our
country. It is in|the nature of a confession.
Make note of it: "The influence of com
mercial and banking classes made it impossi
ble to create such a pernicious public senti
I think the readers of Thk Call will agree
with me that the Democratic party is in sore
straits. The all-absorbing Populists in the
South seem about to leave only the gold con
tingent in the long-time "Solid South,' and
the Republicans in the North will gather in
all but the unconditional free-silver elements.
That portion will naturally ally itself with the
new silver party which is 'to join forces with
the Populists in the support, of joint candi
dates to be nominated at St. Louis July 22.
The woes of Democracy are manifest.
Joseph Asbvry Johkson.
II Essex street, San Francisco.
Dr. T. M. Young of Seattle is in town.
W. H. Hatton, the attorney of Modesto, is at
Eugene France of Aberdeen, Wash., has ar
W. F. George, an attorney of Sacramento, is
in the City.
D. V. Napier of London was among yester
John F. Scully has returned here, after two
years in the East.
William G. Irwin of Honolulu arrived here
on the Monowai yesterday.
W. Waterhouse, the wealthy planter, of
Honolulu, is on a visit here.
J. B. Curtin, District Attorney of Tuolumne,
is a guest at the Cosmopolitan.
Dr. J. E. Stubbs of Reno, president of the
Nevada State University, is here.
A. L. Baird of Sydney and M. G. C. Dodwell
of New Zealand are at the Cosmopolitan.
Among the arrivals here yesterday was R.
Valentine Webster, a tea planter of Ceylon.
J. L. Gillis of Sacramento, assistant superin
tendent of the Southern Pacific, is at the
Colonel John 11. Soper of the Hawaiian army
was among the arrivals by the Monowai yester
day. He is at the Occidental.
N. A. Baldwin of New Haven, who is inter
ested in the great Baldwin locomotive works,
is the City, accompanied by his wife.
R. P. Keating of Virginia City, superintend
ent of the Consolidated Virginia and other
mines on the Comstock, is at the Palace.
The Rev. J. A. Keating, a minister of the
English Episcopal Church, Queenstown, and
the Rev. Thomas Kehoe of New Zealand, are
in the City.
Dr. James Kingsbury, a leading physician of
Sydney, Australia, an ived here yesterday, ac
companied by his daughter. He is en route to
Los Angeles to settle.
J. H. Glide, the extensive business man of
Sacramento, who is engaged in general mer
chandizing, dealing in wool and other enter
prises, is at the Grand.
John Mill, a wealthy stockholder in the Union
Steamship Company, New Zealand, is here on
the way to New York and around the world.
His family is with him.
H. G. Trowbridge.who has been boring wells
lor oil and water in Japan and India, who ar
rived here about a week ago, yesterday re
ceived a cablegram from an English syndicate
asking him to go to Peru and take charge of
some oil lands there. His contract is for two
years. He will leave overland to-day for Peru,
and will spend a brief time in New York in
visiting his family, whom he has not seen for
CALIFORNIANS IN NEW YORK.
NEW YORK, N. V., May 9.— At the Marl
borough, A. C. Bolderau; Holland, K. Maddox;
Savoy, J. Levy; Metropole, D. E. Newell;
Broadway Central, C.Shaw; Astor House, B. I.
Thomas. Sailed per steamship Lucania for
Liverpool, Mrs. Abram Breece, Miss Mary A.
Bowen, Mr. Schßllenberger. I. W. Taber.
The convention did it right, all right.
Reason for Pride.
John D. Ppreckels certainly has reason to
feel pioud of the honors conferred on him. He
well deserves the treatment he received. His
was the largest vote.
I/>3 Angeles Times.
The results of the convention are, on the
whole, very satisfactory. All factions could
not be propitiated nor satisfied. In uniting
upon McKinley the Republicans of California
hav<» done a wise, sensible and meritorious
An Able Champion.
The San Francisco Call has declared in favor
of the woman suffrage movement. In the Sun
day issue it devotes a page to the cause, in
which reference is made to the success attained
in other States where women have been en
franchised. The movement has secured an
able champion in The Call.
Acquitted Itself Well.
The California Republican State Convention
has aoqnitted itself well. A platform with
such planks «s protection, free and unlimited
coinage of silver at 16 to 1, woman's suffrage,
good roads, public money for non
sectarian free schools only, "regulat
ing foreign immigration and natura
alization, opposition to the funding bill, and
strnnsr Indorsement of William McKlnloy for
President, will stand any 6train that can be
brought against it.
Not "Wholly Consistent.
The Republican platform is a fairly good
enunciation of principlesof the membersof the
party in California. The woman suffrage plank
is perfunctory, as are the gay bouquets thrown
to the farmer and the minpr; but as to the
protection to American industries; as to sil
ver; as to immigration and good roads,
the nail is hit fairly on the head. It should be
remembered, however, that the free-silver
plsTifenrid the doublo-riveted Indorsement of
McKlnley are not wholly and entirely con
sistent. However, as tho National Convention
outlines the party policy, the State Conven
tion s plank is presumably to be considered
only In the light of a suggestion.
The South Is Pleased.
Ban Diego Union.
The Republican party of California will cor
dially approve the work of the convention at
Sacramento. The four gentlemen who have
been chosen delegates-at-laree to St. Louis are
admirably Qualified to represent this State in
the National Convention, and it may be
said that of all the aspirants for this
great honor none could have been
chosen who would be more satisfactory to the
entire party than are John D.Spreckels,' Georee
Kntgnt, TJ. S. Grant Jr nnd Lionel A. Sheldon.
In instructing these delegates to support Mc-
Kinlev so long as he has a reasonable chance
of obtaining the Presidential nomination the
convention has unquestionably voiced the
wishes of an overwhelming majority of the
Republicans of the State
PARAGRAPHS ABOUT PEOPLE.
It seems to be generally believed in Russia
that at his coronation ihe Czar will raise
Prince Louis Napoleon of the Russian army to
the rank of General.
Princess Henriette's (of Belgium) wedding
presents and cl>thing, sent after her from
Brussels to Neuilly, where her husband, the
Due de Vendome, has his villa, rilled 170 boxes
and weighed eleven tons.
Miss Edie Ramage, who was married in Lon
don recently to Senor Francisco de Paul Os
sorls of Manila, was the original of the cele
brated picture called "Cherry Ripe," which
narl a great vogue both in England and in the
LADY'S SHIRT WAIST WITH
The shirt waist shown here is one of the
newest models. The yoke is cut with two
points, both back and front. The lower part
of the waist, both back and front, 1b seamless,
tne fullness gathered at the waist.
Shirting in Persian coloring is one of th<j
Cotton cheviots in mixtures are also well
liked, while the light colored chambrays are
as popular as ever.
To make a shirt waist more serviceable
make the collar separate, simply binding the
neck. White collars may then be worn too
and the wearer will have thus another novelty
of the season, viz.: colored waists with white
HUMOR OF THE HOUR.
"My dear, if you knew how shocking some of
your advanced ideas are toother people I don't
believe you would offer them quite so freely."
"Oh, John ; are they, really ? That's the flm
word of honest encouragement I've had." De.
Passenger— Say, captain, how far are we still
from land ?
Captain — About two nautical miles.
Passenger— But we cannot see land any
where. In what direction does it lie?
Captain— Straight below us.— Das Wippchen.
Vißiting Acquaintance — Don't you find it a
great deal cheaper to live out here in the coua
try than it waß in the city ?
Mr. Subbubs— M— no, it's about the same.
My wife brought her chafing dish along witu
her.— Milwaukee Journal.
Etnel— lf you stand on a chair and I sit on
the piano perhaps the mouse cannot reach us.
Edith— Oh, it can ! You forget that this n
leap year.— Detroit Free Press.
E. H. Black, painter, 120 Eddy street.
Special information daily to manufacturers,
business houses and public men by tha Press
Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Montgomery. •
All classes and conditions of society will be
gratified to learn that Putzman & Schurman
have the exclusive coast agency of the famous
''Golden Gate" brand of Kentucky whisky.
Their Prussian Stomach Bitters cure all stom
ach and nervous troubles. 341 Pine, corner
Montgomery, telephone, red, 391. •
» ♦ — •
IXexoSWere's one thing about me; I always
know enough to take a bint. .•'... :.! z.:*: .;•
She— Why, don't yon ever call 4on the same
girl twice ? — Life.
Take the Northern Pacific to All Points
If yon are going East call at 688 Market street,
San Francisco, and get our figures. Finest service
in the Northwest. All trains vestlbuled and
equipped with dining-cars, upholstered tourist cars
and elegant Pullman sleepers. Through sleepers
once a week. T. K. Stateler. agent.
Ladies are greatly benefited by the use of Dr.
Siegert's Angostura Bitters, the renowned South
If afflicted with sore eyes use Dr. Isaac Thomp
son's Eye Water. Druggists sell it at, 25 cents.
Generous Employer (to office-boy)— l shall
give you a sausage for lunch every day, and If
you do your work well, at the beginning of
next month I shall add some mustard.— Flie
Is your body
Speaking of infectious
diseases, Dr* E* Brown
says: "We ought to
learn tp keep our bodies
invulnerable to conta-
gion as a fire- proof
building is impervi-
ous to fire; that is,
we should be able to
resist such moderate
quantities of disease
germs as we necessar-
ily encounter through
life/ Each man and
woman and child
should fortify their own
body by healthy living,
that the soil for the
growth of germs be
not available* Scott's
Emulsion of Cod-liver
Oil strengthens the
barriers that Nature
raises against all in-
jtruders by giving the
system the resistive
force needed to throw