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the •Labor Exchange ' throughout the
Stale. This is a scheme to make exchanges
between its mem oers? without the use of
legal tender money. | t v , .•'■.*'-'
Those who are, in favor of a union with,
the silver people at St. Louis • declare the
conditions which surrounded the birth
and growth of the silver party in Califor
nia do not exist in other sections, and
that by an alliance of the kind stated all
the silver votes of the country would be
secured to the Populist party.
One of the things that will be enacted
by the Populists in case of a union will be i
the naming of the Presidental candidate, |
who must be. first of all, a Populist. The
California Populists' favorite Presidental
candidate is Senator Allen of Nebraska.
Another argument against fusion lies in
the fact that the silver convention dele
gates are appointed, givin. better oppor
tunity for one-man control than the pri
mary election plan, which is followed by
the People's party in the selection of its
delegates to the various State conventions.
Although but comparatively few of the
delegates came in to-night, the matter of
Congressional nominees, electors, dele
gates-at-large and district delegates was a
topic of general interest and discussion, as
was also the officering of the convention.
The principal work of the general con
vention will be the selection of two Pres
idential electors at large and their al
ternates and eleven delegates at large to
the St. Louis convention and their alter
nates; while the district conventions will
each elect one district elector and four dis
trict delegates to the St. Louis convention.
California, will thus be represented at St.
Louis by a total of thirty-nine delegates.
For electors-at-large Mayor Sutro of San
Francisco and Colonel E. W. Gibson of
Oakland have been favorably talked of.
Among the possibilities for delegates-at
large are T. V. Cator, Colonel Gibson, J. H.
Ring of Humboldt, M. E. Dittmar of
Redding, Chairman Wardell of the State
Central Committee, Secretary Bush, J. L.
Dryden of San Diego, Stephen Bowers of
Ventura, D. T. Fdwler of Fresno, J. V.
Webster of San Luis Obispo, George D.
Gillespie of San Francisco, A. W. Thomp
son of San Francisco, J. M. Moore of Ala
meda, Mayor Sutro of San Francisco, J.
W. Keegan of Santa Rosa.
For Congress in the First District George
W. Monteith is among the possibilities.
In the Second District Burdette Cornell,
Charles Kitts of Grass Valley, George
Thresher of Ridley and J. E. Camp, treas
urer of the State Central Committee, are
There are also three candidates being
put forward by their friends in the Third
District. They are Ex-Assemblyman A.
Bretz of Oakland, Colonel E. W. Gibson
of Oakland, and Sam Stewart of Suisun.
Congressman Maguire is favorably looked
upon to receive the suftrage of the Popu
lists of the Fourth District.
Taylor Rogers, the popular secretary of
San Francisco's Mayor, is the favored can
didate for Congressman in the Fifth Dis
trict- W. C. Bowman, who ran on the
Populist ticket for Congress two years ago,
and J. V. Webster of San Luis Obispo, are
the gentlemen mentioned in connection
with Congressional honors in the Sixth
In the Seventh District the names of J.
L. Gilbert and J. S. Dore are just now
F. L. Waters of Siskiyou is likely to be
one of the delegates from the First Dis
trict. In the Third District the district
delegates and district electors will be
chosen from among the following: Ed Ma
guire of Oakland, N. T. Whiting of Berke
ley, Burdette Cornell of Oakland, W. A.
Vann of Colusa, Samuel L. Stewart of Sui
sun and M. B. Elliot of Lake. -
M. W. Wilkins and J. W. Hines, both of
San Jose, are two of the probable dele
gates from the Fifth, and S. M. Moulton,
who has already received the indorsement
of the Santa Clara County Convention for
district elector, is likely to receive that
honor from this district." : . \
Alameda County is said to have a can
didate for the chairmanship of the conven
tion in the person of a prominent member
of the Youn; Men's Club of Oakland. It
is the slated intention to honor a man
from the southern part of the State for
secretary — preferably a resident of Los
Angeles — and W. H. Chapman of Alameda
is slated for assistant secretary.
Although it is the general opinion that
T. V. Cator has a cinch on the indorse
ment of the convention for United States
Senator, he is likely to have a rival in the
person of A. H. Rose, whose friends say
they will at least name him for Senatorial
Secretary R. E. Bush of the Populist
State Central Committee was interviewed
on the train, while speeding toward Sacra
mento. He stated that the headquarters
of the Populist delegations would be at
the State House, at the corner of Tenth
and X streets, as it was within easy reach
of the Capitol. •. The full number of dele
gates entitled to seats on the floor of the
convention is 349. comprising 286 regular
delegates and 63 members of the State
Secretary Bush stated that there would
in all probability be no attempt to adopt a
State platform. Instead, the "Populists'
Omaha platform of July 4, 1892, contain
ing the three important planks on money,
land and transportation would be in
dorsed. Resolutions, however, were almost
certain to be introduced favoring woman's
suffrage and direct legislation. Continu
ing, Mr. Bash said:
"There may be some attempt to intro
duce resolutions on the temperance Ques
tion, but I believe the general sentiment
is that this question should be left alone
until direct legislation is obtained, when
the liquor problem as well as other issues
now under consideration' will be rendered
easier of solution."
"Are there not likely to be Congressional
nominations made at Sacramento by the
various districts?" asked a Call represen
tative. . •
"I hardly think that will be the case,"
replied Mr. Bush, "except, perhaps, in the
First, Second and Seventh districts.
These are all 'shoestring* districts; that id,
they extend for a long distance, embrac
ing counties which are apart. In these it
may be deemed advisable to nominate
Congressional candidates while all the
delegates are together at the capital." "
— — "♦ ■ .
SOME OF THE DELEGATES.
Mm Who Shape the Destinies of Cali
SACRAMENTO, Cal., May 10.— Quite a
sprinkling of delegates arrived on the
evening trains and are apportioned be
tween the State House and the Western
Hotel. These are second-class establish
ments of good quality, the first-class
houses being too expensive for the Popu
lisls. the majority of whom are hardwork
ing tillers of the soil, mechanics and labor
ers; consequently the Golden Eagle and
the Capital hotels, which during the Re
publican State convention swarmed and
buzzed with well-dressed, and in some in
stances, loudly-attired people, are as quiet
and as lonesome as a Sacramento street
on a hot day.
In fact it would be likely to forever blast
the political prospects of a man who
should wear a silk hat and put up at a
high-priced house, if he ever expected to
obtain anything at tbe hands cf the Popu
lists. The environment would be against
him, and he might as well jro to the con
vention as the president of a National
bank and expect to be elected its chairman
as to board at an aristocratic hotel and
expect to be viewed with anything but
distrust in the convention.
Southern California came up early this
afternoon, San Diego, Los Angeles and
Santa Barbara being represented by a few
stragglers and Fresno by a good contin
gent. The Fresnoans are Professor D. T.
Fowler, John 8. Dore, J. R. Reid, J. L.
Gilbert, Thomas Martin, E. S. Van Meter
and A. J. Waterhouse.
Professor Fowler is a graduate of an
Eastern college, and went to Fresno County
several years ago to compete with the
cheap labor Spaniards in the raising of
raisins. Owing to the lack of a reasonable
protective tariff on raisins, tbe professor's
profits are not so large as they should be.
He has been a member of tbe Farmers'
Alliances and farmers' : institutes almost
as long as they have been organized. He
is a good presiding officer, and may go to
St. Louis as one of : the delegates at large.
;. John S. Dore is a dried-fruit and raisin
grower of the same county. He is reported
to own considerable real estate, has money
in bank and is a shrewd business man.'
Fresno claims him as one of her best
citizens, and he has served his' county on
Grand Juries and in several other" im
As a fighter in Populist politics he will
take a seat in the rear at the bidding of no
man, and cannot be counted on to doff his
hat to any person in the ranks of tbe
party. . Added to this, he is level-headed,
with no hobbies, and is not a member of
the grand army of cranks.
J. L. Gilbert, State lecturer of the party,
is well known all over the State. He is an
effective speaker, and will make things
lively in the convention should things fail
to come his way.
E. S. Van Meter is spoken of by his
former associates as "a ; good Democrat
cone wrong." He was assistant district
attorney of Fresno County under more
than one Democratic administration, and
was a politician of the Tammany school,
to be counted on for the programme.
"As a stump-speaker he proved very ef
fective, not only among the gold ledges of
Grub Gulch, the cool heights of Pine
Ridge and the sluice- boxes of Coarse Gold,
but among the muscat vines of Washing
ton and Temperance colonies and the Ber
mudas grass pastures around the humble
town of McMullin, chiefly celebrated for
the virtue and industry of its inhabitants
and the large proportion of jack-rabbits
and babies. The jack-rabbits are men
tioned first because they are more numer
ous than the babies. But there is hope
that McMullin will do better yet."
Van Meter, in the latter days of his
career as a Democrat, ran for a judgeship
or some other little office of the kind in a
Fresno County Democratic primary, and,
to use the words of the "push," he was
unmercifully jobbed by his Democratic
brethren, who believe in individual as well
as state sovereignty.
It was not long after that that the film
of the Democracy was removed from the
eyes of Van Meter, and he began to sus
pect that Cleveland was not selling bonds
to the gold sharks of Europe. and Wall
street for his health. He also discovered
that a protective tariff on raisins and dried
fruits would be a good thing for the people
of Fresno County, while it might not be a
good thing for Democratic consistency,
which, in the language of Mr. Taylor from
Alameda in tbe Republican convention
last week, "is supposed to be devoid of
jewelry." There was nothing left for Van
Meter but to become a Republican or a
Populist. He did not- like tbe idea of
turning Republican, because he might be
accused of being a turncoat, but as any
body may become a Populist he enlisted
under the banner of Weaver and Cator,
and has thus far served the party by stand
ing and waiting, but he has hope:;.
By all odds the most picturesque feature
in the Fresno delegation is Andrew Jack
son "Waterhouse, "the man about town"
and poet of the Fresno Republican.
Waterhouse was a rank Populist before he
was blown into . California by a Kansas
cyclone and was known as a sweet singer
of the prairies long before be raised his
mellifluous soul in sone in competition
with the chanting frog of the ban Joaquin
tales. That was when he was employed
on the Stockton Mail. Then he blew down
the San Joaquin Valley in a sandstorm
and lifted up his soul in type among the
alfalfa fields and wineries of Fresno. Dar
ing the last gubernatorial campaign he
slumped the State for the Populists and
was a drawing card, for he is real clever,
is quite a wit and had the distinction of
having been criticized adversely by Am
Alameda sends a strong delegation, R.
E. Bush being the first arrival this even
ing. He is a shrewd man, having nothing
to say,' and is on the ground early to look
after the interests of Alameda County in
the combinations that may be made.
. W. C. Bowers of Los Angeles, J. L. Dry
den of San Diego, J. W. Starkweather of
Santa Barbara, J. W. Keegan of San**
Rosa and E. M. Wardell of Los Angeles
are among the early arrivals from the
south. They decline to show their hands
but have several combination cards up
The rush is expected •to arrive by to
morrow's trains and by evening all the
delegates will be here, from the lava beds
of Modoc to the ostrich farms of Coronado.
WALK TO THE CONTENTION.
Delegate* Wito Be fuse to Bide on the
SACRAMENTO, Cal., May 10.— A cara
van of Populist delegates from the pleasant
pastures of Modoc, the pine-clad slopes of
Shasta and the nuanzanita foothills and
bottom lands of Tehatna are expected here
These delegates are poor men with a
prejudice against C. P. Huntington'sroad.
and rather than sit in a stuffed seat covered
with red plush prefer to walk the ties or to
come muleback or in wagons. There are
twenty-five or thirty of them, and they
are under the leadership of Frank Hough
ton of Corning, Tehama County. They
mean business, and while some of them
wear whiskers, there are no wild oats in
Walter Griggs arrived early thin even
ing after a four days' walk from Healds
burg. He had cone to bed before The
Call correspondents arrived from Han
Francisco, his feet being swollen and blis
tered and he could not be interviewed. As
may be surmised, Mr. Griggs is not a
warm friend of the Southern Pacific of
Mr. Grigprs is a living illustration of the
indomitable spirit by which these men are
actuated. A man who will walk out of
Healdsburg to come to Sacramento to at
tend a Populist convention will be ready
to make any and all sacrifices for the good
of his party.
The delegates are plainly dressed, their
clothing showing not only the dust of the
road, but the discoloring action of the
sun's rays. They are men of sunburned
faces and calloused bands; men who make
their living by wrestling with the blind
but bcnincient forces of nature, which,
when overcome, are a blessing to the vic
tor. The majority are men who live on
their farms and whose faces are not seen
in public affairs to any great extent in
the cities and towns.
A Picturesque Character Who Will Be
Heard in the Convention.
SACRAMENTO, Cal., May 10.— One of
the leading features of the Populist con
vention is the galaxy of reformers who
will be In attendance, many of whom have
picturesque histories. Foremost among
these is Burnette G. Haskell, soldier,
lawyer, orator, revolutionist and socialist.
This man has a history. He is past 30 and
is of medium height aud dresses reatly.
There is nothing particular about his ap
pearance to attract the attention of the
observer, save hia large blue eyeß, which
stand prominently forward. His enun
ciation is clear and distinct, his language
well chosen, bis sentences rounded and at
times gilded with eloquence.
This man has not only a history, but an
eventful one. Much that* is ill has been
reported about him by his enemies; they
have accused him of insincerity, of dema
gogery and of a desire to turn the propa
ganda of reform to his own aggrandize
ment. His friends as vehemently deny
these accusations. They point to sacrifices
made in behalf of what they believe to the
cause of humanity ; they tell of days and
nights of labor organizing socialistic sec
tions, labor unions and trade federations
without salary and even without the hope
of reward; for the cause in which he spoke
and toiled had neither wealth nor in
fluence at its back, and was looked upon
as be in lt one rather to be kept under sur
veillance by the police.
He was a socialist when socialists were
as scarce as tramps and millionaires, more
than a decade and a half aeo. He was a
Nationalist lone before Edward Bellamy
wrote "Looking Backward." He was a
Populist long before the "party of a hun
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, MONDAY, MAY 11, 1896.
dred planks" had begun to sprout among
the palmettos of the South and the corn
shocked prairies of the West. But Nation
alism had grown up to be a lanky, loose
jointed boy, with the down on bis lip er
lip feebly palpable to the fostering finger
before Uurnette G. Haskell, revolutionist
and socialist, sickened of the task of cast
ing pearls before swine, threw down the
red flag at Kaweah, and admitted what
some of his lees fiery associates had dis
covered before— that the socialistic temple
could not be built with selfish, thriftless,
shiftless men and women, and that it
would require perhaps centuries of intel
lectual and moral evolution befoie the
world would be ready for the realization
of the day-dream of Karl Marx and Fer
He had given socialism, or compulsory
co-operation, a fugitive test in the little
settlement in the mountains of Tulare,
and had found that churches did not make
religion and that lecture-halls did not
make philosophers. He had told in burn
ing words how in the beautiful days to
come man should cease to be master or
man; how poverty should no longer rack
the wearied limbs with pain, or tear the
tatters off the drudge's back and blue him
with the icy gale. He had told how men
and women should be as one family of
brothers and sisters, as God designed, and
live in peace and happiness in the a^e of
cold., when sorrow and want should be no
more. And having told all these things,
he awoke to find on nis lips the salt ashes
of disappointment and of wasted opportu
He found that socialistic sisters would
eossip and backbite as well as the
followersof Mammon; that socialistic men
would evade their common duties and
shirk their common work, and that, like
wolves, when one of their number is hurt
or sick unto death he is fallen upon by the
whole pack and torn to pieces. So the dis
contented, the cranky, the pessimistic,
turned upon Haskdll and every one else
prominently connected with the colony,
and the uproar of their contention was so
great that the outer world heard it and
scoffed at the reformers.
Sick at heart with the outcome of the co
operative experiment, following so closely
upon the failure of the Topolobampo
scheme, Haskell turned his steps toward
the electric lights of the great city by the
ocean and resumed the practice of the law.
But his old love would not be shaken off
and he joined the Populists. Their plat
form was not as socialistic as he would
have wished, but there was the Govern
mental ownership and control of railroads,
the currency question, the referendum and
direct legislation, all true-blue socialistic
In the meantime, many of his former
associates, now with the Populists, have
their knives bared for him should he at
tempt to take a prominent part in the
convention, as he will undoubted ly try to
do. Haskell has the trick of eloquence
and has often carried hostile legions off
their feet by the torrent of forceful words,
but his prestige has waned, and it will be
an uphill fight for him to get up to the
head of the class again, as even the Coast
Seamen's Union, the socialistic constitu
tion of which Haskell bad a large share in
making, contains many of his bitterest
The Haskell episode will be one of the
hot ones of the convention.
SACRAMENTO, Cal., May 10.— Among
those who came up on to-night's train to
attend the Populist Convention was George
W. Monteith, who has been prominently
mentioned as a candidate on the Populist
ticket for Congressman from the First
"1 am not a candidate in the sense that
I am going to do any log-rolling to get the
nomination," said Monteith. "A great
many of my friends, particularly among
the working people, have asted me to run,
and if the convention in its wisdom sees fit
to give me the nomination, I will throw
all the enthusiasm and earnestness I can
into maKing a vigorous campaign to ulti
mate success. Still, if they think some
one else will run better than I, I will work
just as hard for him."
Delegate Wilson Says Free Coinage May
SEATTLE, Wash., May 10. — Hon.
Henry L. Wilson of Spokane, a brother of
United States Senator John L. Wilson and
the Spokane County recommended dele
gate to the National Itepublican Conven
tion, is in the city, en route to the State
Convention at Everett on May 14. Though
uninstructed by his county, he favors Mc-
Kinley for President and believes the State
Convention will not declare for free coin
age of silver at 16 to 1, or at any other
ratio. Concerning the probable action of
the convention as to the financial question
Mr. Wilson said :
"I am standing upon a free coinage
platform, and both in the State and the
National convention expect to support
that proposition. After having made an
estimate of the voting strengtn of the con
vention, I am doubtful of the ability of tbe
free coinage elements to control. As
nearly as I can ascertain there will be
about 250 votes in the convention for free
coinage, as against about 160 in favor of it.
I do not, however, expect to see the con
vention declare against frae coinage. The
probabilities are that it will straddle or
adjourn without any action upon this
subject. The section which I represent
will make an earnest effort to have the
convention declare for free coinage."
Governor McGraw and Hon. Andrew F.
flurleigh, Kings County's selection for
delegate to the National Convention, both
say the State Convention will not only de
clare against free coinage, but that it will
adopt a *'sound" money platform by a big
SEDMITS TO TRACHEOTOMY.
Sir John Miliais Undergoes a Critical
Operation for Cancer.
LONDON, Esq., May 10.— It is reported
that Sir John E. Miliais, president of tbe
Royal Academy, to-day underwent the
operation of tracheotomy, and that his
condition is critical. He is suffering from
some disease of tbe throat, which many
believe to be cancer, although Dr. Paget,
who recently examined him, declared that
tbe growth was not malignant. Tbe
Standard will to-morrow say that the
operation performed on Sir John Miliais
was successful, and that no fear is enter
tained of the result proving fatal.
How Mexican Military Authorities Make
Had Indiana Good.
OAXACA, Mex., May 10.— The Federal
troops are rapidly quelling the riotous
Indians who rebelled against the State
authorities. Twenty-five participants in
the uprising have been shot by official
orders at Juquila, and over 100 Indian
prisoners have arrived here for trial. They
will all be shot.
■ '•'■'■- '■ -:. - . ' — -.:♦'■ — — ■ '."■■
Big Labor Demonstration at Milwaukee.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., May 10.— The
street railway strikers and labor unions
of the city, about 7000 strong, paraded the
streets of the city this afternoon. The
men were very orderly and no disturbance
occurred. No cars were run all day, but
to-morrow the company promises to run
at least 100 cars.
Forest Fires Threaten Ttco Tillages.
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., May 10.— The
forest fires which threatened Port Republic
on Saturday night burned in the direction
of OceanviHe and Pomona to-day, and
both villages are now threatened with de
struction. The residents have covered the
roofs of their houses with blankets satu
rated with water and are watching tbe fire
Ball of the Senior Class.
BERKELEY, Cal., May 10.— The senior
ball at the State University will be given
to-morrow evening at Harmon Gymna
sium. Elaborate preparations are being
made lor the affair.
AT JOHN BULL
The Breach Is Widening
Over the Transvaal
His Friendship for Cecil Rhodes
and Followers Causes In
BITTER ATTACKS BY THE PRESS.
Ultimate Supremacy of the Dutch in
the Whole of South Africa
BERLIN, Germany, May 10.— The tem
per which the dominant party in England
is displaying in the British House of Com
mons has excited intense indignation
throughout Germany. The debate in the
English Parliament on the Transvaal situ
ation was awaited here with probably as
keen interest as was popularly mani
fested in England, and tbe tone of the
advices received here from London created
a feeling of expectation that Mr. Chamber
lain, the British Secretary of State for the
Colonies, would freely and fully admit the
guilt of Cecil Rhodes and announce the
decision of the Government to treat him
and his accomplices as criminals. This
having been the general opinion, German
official circles and the press and tbe public
were astounded upon reading the speech
delivered by Mr. Chamberlaim, which was
telegraphed here from London, wherein
the Colonial Secretary minimized the out
rage upon international law which had
been committed by Rhodes, and suggested
that the English Government bad found
reasons justifying their defending Rhodes,
Sir Hercules Robinson, Governor of the
Cape Colony, and the others who were
direct or indirect accomplices in the at
tack made upon the Transvaal.
The attitude of the German Government
toward England is now coldly neutral and
implies that Germany will not exert im
mediately any direct influence in South
Africa, but the popular sympathy with the
Boers and the general contempt for English
methodo have become so strong that tbe
Government may be constrained to adopt
some form of German interference In South
Afrjca before long. While the semi-official
press maintains a oertain degree of reserve,
the independent organs unanimously con
The Neuste Nachrichten contends that
Mr. Chamberlain Is blind to the strength
of the Afrikander element, and incapable
of forming a just conception of the dangers
which are menacing the English regime or
of knowing how to avert them. The Eng
lish polioy of dupricity and the delay of
justice in dealing with the conspirators,
the paper says, will not retard affd pos
sibly may hasten tbe triumph of the Dutch
in the whole of South Africa.
Tbe National Zeitung, in an article pub
lished on Friday, contended that unless
Mr. Chamberlain announced prompt and
vigorous action on the part of the British
Government against Rhodes and his aid
ers and abettors, England would lose pres
tige in the eyes of the world and Mr.
Chamberlain would show himself in the
light of an accomplice.
The National Zeitung's remarks, com
bined with the tenor of Mr. Chamberlain's
speech, have revived reports here that Mr.
Chamberlain has guilt}' knowledge of
Rhodes' designs, which he does not dare
The Vossische Zeitung ridicules Mr.
Chamberlain's professions of confidence
in Sir Hercules Robinson, and scoffs at the
letter's pretended ignorance of Jameson's
intended raid. The paper goes on to
praise the Transvaal Government for its
foresight in demanding explanations from
England of the gathering of British troops
at Mafeking, and declares that full ex
planations must be made.
Most of the German newspapers quote
with approving comments from a commu
nication from Johannesburg, which ha.«
been issued by the Berlin Altdeutsche
Verbund, the pith of which is the state
ment that the Germans in the Transvaal
are very bitter against the English and
are joining the Boers. A voluntary corps
of companies has been formed, composed
solely of Germans, who wear the German
national colors on their breasts fashioned
in black, white and red rosettes. These
Germans, the communication says, share
the feeling of the whole people of the
Transvaal, who, as well as tbe Transvaal
Government, are desirous of seeing the be
ginning of a war to decide the question of
supremacy in South Africa.
A French Minister has come from Paris
to consult with the Foreign Office as to
selection of a successor to M. Herbette, the
French Embassador to Germany, who has
now been definitely recalled. Tbe candi
dates for the post include M. Billot, now
Embassador to Italy; Count Lefebre de
Behaine, French Embassador to the Vati
can, and M. Poubelle, Prefect of the Seine.
M. Billot would be persona grata here,
but no matter who might be selected any
change from M. Herbette would please the
Emperor, who detests the brusque French
man as cordially as that diplomat hates
the Kaiser, and would also be welcomed
by the officials of the Foreign Office,
whose enforced contact with M. Herbette
has been anything but pleasant.
The observance of Mayday by the work
incmen has resulted in a number of
troubles between the employes and the
employers. Fifteen metal-working estab
lishments in Berlin have locked out their
men for not working on May 1, and the
men have since declared a general
strike of metal-workers unless they are
granted a nine-hour working day and an
increase of 25 per cent in their wages.
Three thousand instrument-makers have
gone out on strike and 3000 other workers
at that trade have remained at work to
support the strikers. Tbe Hamburg cigar
importing firms have discharged all of
their employes who did not work on May
day, and labor disputes of this character
are general throughout the country.
The Berlin Post has obtained possession
of and published the text of a telegram
from the Emperor in regard to the
Christian socialists, of which Dr. Stoecker,
formerly court chaplain, is the leader.
The telegram, which is dated at tbe
Schloss on February 28, deals with the
rupture between Dr. Stoecker and the Con
servative party, and says:
"Stoecker has finished as I foretold years
ago. Political clergymen are monstrosi
ties. Whoever is a Christian is also socialist.
This Christian socialist nonsense leads to
self-conceit and intolerance, and is di
rectly contrary to Christianity. Clergy
men should mind the souls of the com
munity and not mix in politics."
After a procession of 1200 students of the
Academy of Arts, erouped in ears, and
300 others on horseback reached the In
dustrial Exposition erounds yesterday,
the exhibition fetes opened with a
"polonaise," which resembled a dream of
the middle ages.
The procession of students in bright cos
tumes wended its way between tbe red
brick gabled buildings and across the
squares of "Old Berlin," presenting an ex
tremely imposing spectacle. Dancing fol
lowed and there was a performance in the
quaint ancient theater. Only 15,000 per
sons visited the exhibition yesterday de
spite the perfect weather, but an atten
dance of 50,000 daily is needed to pay ex
The Statist estimates that the daily at
tendance when the preparations are finally
completed, including the provincial and
foreign visitors, will not exceed 22,000.
This estimate inspires fears that there will
be a large financial deficit for the pro
moters of the exhibition to face.
Lieutenant Yon Verson of the Prussian
Hussars, whose mother was formerly Miss
Clements of St. Louis, has been decorated
by the Emperor with his own hands with
the Order of the Crown for bravery in
rescuing a number of hia comrades from
drowning upon the occasion of an acci
dent to a pontoon bridge near Potsdam.
A decree has been issued prohibiting
tfe use by American dentists of a title
upon their cards or doorplates unless they
hold Prussian certificates.
A wood-carver named Ranimin, who
formerly lived in Chicago, nas committed
suicide here by shooting himself with a
pistol because he had been deserted by hia
mistress, a circus rider called "La Belle
Helene," whom he met at the World's
Fair in Chicago.
The wife of General A. McD. McCook,
the United States Commissioner to at
tend the coronation of the Czar at Mos
cow, will not proceed to that city with her
husband, but will remain in Dresden and
await her husband's, return. General Mc-
Cook and his party started from Berlin on
their way to Moscow on Friday.
TREATS OF PEACE CELEBRATION.
Anniversary Festivities at Frankfort
BERLIN, Germany, May 10.— The twen
ty-fifth anniversary of the signing of the
treaty of peace between Germany and
France, which was signed at Frankfort
on-the-Main in 1871, was celebrated m that
city to-day. Emperor William and Em
press Victoria arrived at Frankfort this
morning and were given a most enthusi
astic reception by the officials and other
residents of tbe ciiy. The town was hand
somely decorated in honor of the occasion.
In tbe afternoon the Emperor unveiled
a monument to his grandfather. His
Majesty sent a telegram to Prince Bis
marck recalling his never-to-be-foreotten
service to the empire. Among other
things the dispatch said: "Side by side
with the name of the great Emperor that
of the great Chancellor will ever be em
blazoned in history. The feeling of grati
tude to you will never die in my heart."
A special edition of the Reichsanzeiger,
the official paper, was issued to-day in
which the Emperor thanks all the offi
cials in the civil service, especially in the
departments of posts, telegraphs and rail
roads, who assisted in tbe success of
I Continued from first Pafie.\
put aboard the steamship early this morn
ing 500 tons of arms and 1500 tons of am
munition. Besides these munitions of
war, sixty men went aboard the Laurada.
These men are under the leadership of
General S. Ruiz, a leader of the former
Cuban war. After taking the cargo Aboard,
tbe Laurtda bore away in an easterly di
rection. Captain Hughes commands the
Laurada, having replaced Captain Dick
From what was learned hero to-night it
is more than likely that the Spanish gun
boat Mercedes, which chased tbe steam
ship Bermuda and prevented that vessel
from landing the expedition with which
she sailed from Jacksonville on April 26,
will be on the lookout for the Laurada.
A cablegram was received here to-night
from Truxillo, Honduras, to the effect that
the Bermuda left there this morning. While
at Truxillo it was noticed that the Ber
muda was still deeply laden and her decks
were crowded with men. It is thought af
ter the failure to land the cargo and men
in Cuba, in consequence of the vigilance
of tbe Mercedes, the vessel went to Trux
illo to receive further orders from the Cu
ban Junta in New York, as there is direct
cable communication between the two
places. Possibly t :en the Bermuda sailed
from Truxillo this morning and headed
for Cuba, and a second attempt to make a
landing will in all likelihood be made.
"LET US SHOOT THEM ALL."
A Havana Paper Fears Some American*
NEW YORK, N. V., May 10.-A Sun
correspondent in Havana under date of
May 6 says:
"Benor Eduardo Laborde, father of Al
fredo Laborde, the alleged commander
of the schooner Competitor, is making
all possible efforts to save the
life of his son, but General Wey
ler does not give him the least
hope. About Laborde's family, Weyler
said they all deserved capital punishment.
The Marquis of Palmeiol, Secretary of the
General Government, openly declared at
a meeting of Spaniards held at his office
that Cubans who were American citizens
bad no right to claim any consideration
from Spain, as they were responsible for
"Much feeling prevails among the
Sp&niards against the Americans and the
United States. The Spanish newspaper,
El Pueblo, says about the Competitor
affair: 'Let us shoot them all, American
citizens or not. If they are Americans let
us shoot them more quickly. We should
give a lesson to our neighbors and make
them know that they must respect the
Spanish flag. 1 "
Laborde a Pullman Conductor.
SAVANNAH, Ga., May 10.— Alfredo La
borde, one of the five men captured by the
Spanish warship on the alleged filibuster
ing schooner Competitor, is well known to
several people in Savannah. He was for
merly a conductor on a Pullman car run
ning on the Plant system between Savan
nah and Jacksonville.
Wife of a Famous Artist Dead.
LONDON, Eko., May 10.— The death is
announced of Mrs. Whistler, wife of J. ty.
McN. Whistler, the weii-known artist.
Cardinal Gibbons Confers the
Pallium Upon Arch
The Investiture Unprecedented
in the West for Impres
PROCESSION IN THE STREETS.
Prominent Catholic Dignitaries Join
in Honoring an Eminent
ST. LOUIS, Mo., May 10.— One of the
most impressive ceremonies in the history
of the Catholic church of St. Louis oc
curred to-day when his Eminence, James
Cardinal Gibbons, conferred the pallium,
the insignia of archiepiscopal office, upon
Archbishop J. J. Kain. For brilliancy,
wealth of detail and solemnity the inves
titure was unprecedented in the West.
Cardinal Gibbons, tbe celebrant of the
pontifical mass, was assisted by the local
clergy in all the offices of the ceremony.
A number of eminent church dignitaries
from all parts of the country were present.
The service began with a procession at 10
o'clock, headed by the crossbearer, fol
lowed by Vicar-Generals, Monsignors,
Bishops, altar boys, Archbishop Kain and
his chaplains and the officers of the mass.
Cardinal Gibbons and his pages brought
up in the rear.
The procession left the sacristy and
marched through the streets bounding the
square in which the old cathedral is
situated. Upon returning to the cathedral,
the two lines separated and the bishops
were ranged inside the altar rail while the
priests were ranged on either side of the
chancel. The throne of the cardinal was
to the left of the altar. The grandeur of
the scene and the solemnity of the occasion
were impressive as the cardinal began the
mass. The music, under the direction of
Professor Eimer, was rendered by twenty
seven pieces from the choral symphony
orchestra and sixty voices that have been
iv training for this occasion.
The ceremony of investiture began at
the closing of the mass. Cardinal Gibbons
took his seat upon the throne, and taking
the Pontificate Romanum in his hands,
Archbishop Kain knelt before him and
took the prescribed oath. The Cardinal
respouded "Deo gratias" and proceeded to
the altar, where be opened the silken
packet containing the pallium. The Car
dinal then bestowed the sacred vestment
upon the shoulders of the Archbishop,
made obeisance and delivered an allocu
The Archbishop arose, divested himself
of his miter and said the benediction.
This concluded the ceremony.
This afternoon the distinguished pre
lates were entertained at a banquet at the
Kenrick Seminary. Among the distin
guished ecclesiastics attending the cere
mony were Archbishops Ireland, Elder,
Ryan, Chappelle, Feehan, Janssens and
B'NAI B`RITH CONVENTION.
Grand Lodge of District 2 in Annual Session
at Columbus, Ohio — Relief Work
of the Order.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, May 10.— The annual
convention of the Grand Lodge of district
2 of the B'nai B'rith, a Jewish fraternal
organization with lodges all orer the
world, opened here to-day. This district
includes the States of Ouio, Indiana, Colo
rado and New Mexico. The convention is
composed of about seventy delegates.
Officers will be elected to-morrow. This
afternoon the president's annual message
was read. The report of the endowment
committee showed that the society dis
tributed last year among widows and or
phans $75,000, and in the last twenty-two
years, since the society was established, it
has distributed the sum of $856,000. To
night the delegates were addressed by
Victor Abrahams, the secretary, and Jacob
Furth of St. Louis.
WHY WAR IS NECESSARY
Archbishop Ireland Opposes the
His Excellent Reasons Are Greeted
With a Perfect Storm of
ST. LOUIS, Mo., May 10.— Archbishop
Ireland of St. Paul, in the course of an ad
dress delivered last night at a banquet at
the Planter's House, given by Missouri
Commandery of the Loyal Legion, dis
paraged the movement now being agitated
in this country and England toward uni
versal arbitration. He advanced the theory
that war was the great instigation of pa
triotism, and that if we came to a stage
where everything in dispute was to be
peaceably settled, we would lose interest
in the affairs of oar country in their rela
tion with other Governments.
The words he spoke were greeted with a
perfect storm of applause. The importance
of the question settled by the civil war was
dwelt upon at length. It settled the des
tinies of humanity, the speaker said, not
only in America, but in the world. It was
tbe great object lesson to the nations of
the eartn of the stability of a democratic
form of government, and the victory of
the Union forces was a stunning blow to
monarchy and despotism all over the uni
verse. None of these results could have
been achieved by arbitration.
ILLINOIS TOWN IN FLAMES.
Narrowly Escaped Annihilation Through
Loch of Water.
WYOMING, 111., May 10.— This city
had a narrow escape from being wiped
out by fire yesterday. Four of the prin
cipal buildings were consumed. Aid was
summoned from Toulon, Galva and Buda,
and when assistance arrived nothing could
be done to check the flames, as the water
supply was very poor. The fire started
about noon in the drugstore building and
spread with great -rapidity to the other
buildings. The loss is estimated at $80,000,
with insurance of $17,000. Several firemen
were injured by falling glass, but none of
them seriously. .- ;. "■*.-■ -v—
** „ »- — ' ♦ ■ ■■■■
PRIESTS BADLY BEATEN.
Factional Feud Results in a Riot at Bay
City, Michigan— Climax of a
BAY CITY, Mich., May 10—Bishop
Richter of Grand Rapids and Father Mat
kowsfci, pastor of St. Stanislaus Polish
Church of this city, were pounced upon by
the Father Turski faction of the congre
gation and badly used this morning. Mat
kowski was struct several times and his
cassock and surplice were torn to shreds.
The Bishop was kicked by an enraged
Pole, but not seriously injured. flis
robes were also torn.
St. Stanislaus Church was closed two
weeks ago when the adherents of Father
Turski, Father Matkowski's assistant,
drove the senior priest from the parish. It
was believed that tbe trouble had blown
over, and that the exposure of Turski's
alleged attempt to blackmail Father Mat
kowski had brought the Poles to their
senses and caused them to desire the re
turn of their old pastor.
Bishop Richter and Father Matkowski
opened the church this morning and
caused the sexton to toll the bell. The
peals of the great bell brought hundreds
of excited people to the church. They set
upon Bishop Richter and the priest and
drove them from the building. A few of
the Matkowski faction attempted to pre
serve the clergyman from indignity, but
were overpowered. The police and Sher
iff's force were called out, but were unable
to quiet the mob. The church was finally
locked and Bishop Richter and Father
Matkowski were escorted to a place of
Bishop Richter stated to-night that h«
would open the church next Sunday. He
has been assured of police protection by
Mayor Wright. '
There was a jrreat deal of inflammatory
talking in tbe Polish quarter to-night and
it is feared that an attempt will be made
to burn the church and convent before
Turski, the cause of all the trouble, is a
young man, and was only recently or
dained to the priesthood. Father Mat
kowski discharged a housekeeper of whom
Turski was enamored. This caused Turski
to attempt to blackmail the venerable
priest out of $10,000. He did not get tbe
money, but he spread stories reflecting on
Father Matkowski's character, but they
were disproved. Last week the new as
sistant housekeeper at St. Stanislaus swore
that Turski bad attempted to assault her.
LYNCHING IN GEORGIA.
A Colored Man Who Had Cruelly Mis-
treated a White Boy Is Captured
WAYCROSS, Ga., May 10.— William
Hardee, colored, was lynched last night by
a mob of citizens of Coffee County, five
miles north of Nichols. Hardee cruelly
mistreated a small white boy yesterday by
beating him. When the neighbors, who
are farmers and turpentine men, heard
about the matter, they organized a band,
armed themselves with Winchesters and
pistols and went after Hardee, who was
Hardee ran when the men appeared, but
was soon overtaken. He defied the mob
and spoke very disrespectfully of to©
parents of the boy whom he "had mis
treated. It was not the original intention
of the mob, it is thought, to lynch Hardee,
but when he acted so defiantly his doom
was sealed. A rope was secured and the
negro was taken to a tree ia front of some
negro shacks. The rope was fastened
around his neck, and in full view of the
people he was placed on a barrel and the
rope was attached to a limb of a tree. The
barrel was knocked from under him and
his body was riddled with bullets.
COAL AND IRON KING DEAD.
A Man of Great Wealth, Enterprise and
BIRMINGHAM, Ala, May 10.— Thomas
Seddon, president of the Sloss Iron and
Steel Company, died suddenly at his home
in this city this morning, aged 47.
He was a son of James A. Seddon, Sec
retary of War of the Confederate States,
and was one of the chief developers of the
mineral resources of Birmingham district.
He amassed a large fortune, and was
one of the coal and iron kings of the
South. His death is regarded as a public
calamity because of his vast resources,
great enterprise and liberality. He was
Editor Bunner'* Improved Condition.
NCTLEY, N. V., May 10.— The condi
tion of H. C. Bunner, editor of Puck, dur
ing the past week has been a surprise to
his many friends, who bad about given
up hope of his recovering. He was so
much improved Friday that he was able
to walk across his room. Yesterday he
dictated a short poem that he sent to a
1000 Fairs. Sold Elsewhere
at $2.50 pep Pair, to Close at
$1.25 per Pair.
Best Made, 75 Cents pep Yard,
Sewed, Laid and Lined.
W. & J. Sloane & Co.,
64 1 -647 Market Street,
• SAN FRANCISCO.
riHARLES H. PHILLIPS, ATTOBSTBY-AT-
V taw and Notary Public. 638 Market sU, oppo-
site Palace Hotel. Telephone 570. Residence lt>2o
ieU at. Telephone 'Tine" 2591.