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TO BE ROUSED LIKE
Roman tribune nor Athenian prsetor never sat in temple
of justice more simply grand, more severely imposing and ma
than will the Justices of the Supreme Court of California
when they are finally housed in their magnificent new quarters
on the seventh floor of the Emporium building.
These quarters are being rapidly put into shape for occu
pancy, and within a fortnight or so it is expected that the Su
preme Court will remove. A mere glance at the interior of these
new quarters is sufficient to impress one with their classical
beauty and brings to mind the old pictures of the Roman tem
ples where the tribunes sat as magistrates in the Temple of
Diana and Ceres to interpret the law for plebeians, or in the
Temple of Saturn, where justice was read out to patricians.
With the Romans— stern disciplinarians that they were — the
law was something sacred, to be revered, rather than evaded, as
ia too often the case in modern times.
As they revered their laws so they thought to dignify
them by establishing t.ieir courts in a style of simple magni
ficence calculated to impress all with their grandeur and
The tribune was usually set up in the forum during the
weather that permitted the transaction of business out of doors.
Here, where the multitudes gathered to discuss the affairs of
the day and transact their business, the tribune was ever pres
ent ready to interpret the law and settle disputes among the
citizens. The tribune's court was simplicity itself— and his de
cisions were never questioned by those who sought his learned
During inclement weather the tribune held his simple court
in -the basilica, where the crowds repaired for shelter to talk
over matters that interested them most. Here, in the lofty
halls where rows of towering, classic columns divided the space
and supported the roof, space was always found for the tribune
where, when members of the multitude, swaying to and fro, fell j
into disputes over business transactions, they could repair at j
once before the judge and seeK a decision. From a side of the
basilica, separated from the main assembly space by columns,
a semi-circular projection was built, and from this the tribune
The court was severely classic in its ornamentation, the col
umns of marble showing only carved capitals, while the frieze,
thou-.-h of handsome design, was not elaborate.
With the Supreme Court of California this idea of severe
simplicity has been carried out to some extent, and in many
respects the Roman style of architecture has been followed, par
ticularly in the chambers of the greatest importance — where the
court sits in bank. It is noteworthy that the Emporium, a
building corresponding as nearly to the basilica as do any of the
modern structures, was chosen as an abiding place for the court.
The out-of-door effect of the Roman summer tribunal is
entirely lacking in that of the Golden State, but the rooms
where the court sits in bank, has many of the appurtenances of
the court in the basilica. The great Emporium building, like
all modern structures of the kind, is constructed with low ceil
ings, and the floor occupied by the court is no exception to the
rule, the hallways being far from imposing, except in the classic
As an offset for the openness of the courts the highest legal
resort of tho Stale is to be domiciled in quarters that in some re
spects resemble the famous catacombs or a labyrinth, and the
very architecture gives the surroundings an air of secrecy and
mystery that is truly imposing.
Entering from tfae east stairway or from the elevator on that
end of the floor the apartments where justice is dispensed in
As the Gor\d\jctor Sees It.
" She Climbed Off Backward."
Josiah Allen's wife says we will find i
that almost everything has two different !
sides if we only take the trouble to walk
around to the back and view it." During
the recent streetcar wrangle I took occa
sion to walk around to the back.
Asa matter of course I object to Mr.
Vining and the "octopus." That is in
the air of San Francisco. We accept them I
with the same pathetic patience we give j
to the bad paving and the turning off of j
lights. We have been educated not to
expect to have a thing just because we pay
A reader of papers, I was ready to take
my little check to the transfer-man, tell
him where I was going, wnat I meant to j
do when I got there and mention the hour j
of my return. I was also prepared to tell, !
if necessary, my age and occupation, or j
explain at length why I preferred skirts '
to tfioorners. If I was in a hurry and saw j
car after car slide by as I waited, I never I
lost my temper out loud, knowing how j
much one may accomplish by bumping
one r s head against a wall.
But about the other side. Witnessing a
little tussle one day, and feeling sure that \
t* c passenger knew all about the check j
and was only trying to see what he could j
do, the thought came that a conductor's j
•place is not all joy and peace. With the j
company on one side and the belligerent
public on the other, he is between the
devil and the deep sea.
I began riding often on the different
lines, :md instead of keeping my eye on
the conductor's faults I watched the pub- j
lie as it rode. The recklessness of the ay- \
era^e crowd is appalling. Were it not for
rovidence that watches over fools, j
half the traveling public would be dead, j
(Grammatical effect of Irish ancestry.)
On a Mission car one day I saw a woman i
nod to the conductor, and, when the car j
stopped, v(ie climbed off backward with j
the usual grace of a woman in heavy sicirts, !
which is so suggestive of a cow coming ;
down a ladder, and in turning she walked ;
up i »t dress a few steps anu fell. The con- I
ductor im mediately asked for the address j
of a gentleman standing on the platform. |
In my verrlant innocence I wondered if 1
the conductor thought the gentleman j
pui- bed the woman off. So 1 asked. "Why, .
ma'am," sa:u the knight of the punch, "we |
have to do t.jai for protection. That wo- !
man may brinj; a suit for damages, claim- }
ing that the car started too soon and threw j
her down, and 1 must have a witness j
1 told the story to the Girl and asked |
her if she believed anybody would do such j
a thin*; and the Girl told how, on the j
Geary-street line, a woman in a fit of ab- !
Benca of mind < a disease sometimes l
chronic) got up ana walked off a car going !
at full spped, without even looking at the I
conductor. The natural result was that I
•"he uroke her head and sued the company
bank are the first that present themselves at the end of a short hallway. From this
room a door leads into the library. Several doors open out of this room on the
south side,- and here the visitor is likely to become bewildered. One leads into a
hallway that apparently runs the entire width of the building. Open a silently
swinging door, however, bearing the ominous sk-n, "No Admittance," and still
another hallway is revealed totally different from the first. This leads to the rooms
of the Commissioners, whose apartments are side by side.
Suddenly another door labeled "Library' 1 confronts the visitor, and on opening it
more shelves of books appear, but they do not seem to be like the other ones.
for it — because the conductor was not a
I asked the carmen themselves if they
minded accidents or if they found them
exhilarating. Strange to say, they don't
like the sensation of grinding folks. They
say the public believes that they take a
malicious delieht in the spilling of blood.
And they feel that the hand of the public
is always lifted against them.
"Oh, yes," said one, bitterly, "I like it.
I sleep better when I have mangled a
child or two."#
Doubtless familiarity does breed some
carelessness on the part of the carmen. It
surely breeds contempt for an ever-present
danger on the part of the crowd.
A rapid street service is demanded in a
large city. Tbose who rave most over the
danger are the ones who want to speed to
and fro with the greatest velocity. If it be
conceded that the streetcar is a necessity
the public must make up its mind to take
in a great degree care of itself. Each one
must appoint himself a committee of one
to look after his individual safety. If it is
left to a conductor and the gripman to
watch every one of a iarge crowd, there is
going to be a smash.
Instances of criminal carelessness on the
part of parents result in charges of man
slaughter against a carman, whose whole
life must be darkened by the memory of a
tiny bloodstained body drawn from under
Think of a mother from the country
sending two little tots who know not that
the jangling bell is a warning of fearful
danger to cross Kearny street alone!
Think of parents leaviDg a child of four
playing on the sidewalk while they visited
across the bay. If these pictures were put
in the papers and marked "gross careless
ness on the part of parents" it would be
In the residence districts the boys have
a habit of jumping on the platform, riding
until t.'ie conductor starts for them, and
then jumping. Nice habit, that. There
are too many boys of a certain kind in the
world, and a surer method of thinning
them out could r.ot be found. Still it is
hard on the conductor if he sees one of
them ground beneath the wheels.
I know a curve in Oakland and a boy
who jumps on and off the car there until
often I think Satan must be taking care of*
nis own or he would be killed a hundred
times over. The conductor has gone to
that boy's mother only to be told to mind
his own businesss.
The deaf and the lame and the blind
and the demented— all must be watched
for and protected by the conductor and the
motorman, despite poor brakes, slippery
tracks and a crowded time-table. If the
company says one man must do the work
of a man and a half he has it to do or lose
his job, and in this day of hard times a
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, JUNE 21, 1896.
WHEJRI JHE SUfpEMI COUpj OF G/\LIFORJMIA WILL SIT IJM BAJ^IG.
job is something to be hung on to with
During the embryo riots caused by the
checks for transfers the carmen were
banged from both sides. The company's
orders were to throw off those who failed
to obey the rules. The passenger's ambi
tion was to smash the conductor and vin
dicate his rights. Over and over, the pro
tecting check-holders were men who knew
just what they were doing, and did it with
unnecessary impudence. It brought the
company around all right, but sometimes
it was hard lines for the conductor and
the gripman. .,
I do not say that the street service of
San Francisco is good. Every one knows
that the cars are miserably equipped, and
that they are run with strict regard for
Mr. Huntington's famous statement; still
I do say and repeat that conductors and
grip and motor men would like to avoid
accidents, and that if the public would co
operate with them to the extent of taking
hist common precautions, there would be
fewer victims and fewer charges of man
slaughter. OriVE Heyden.
Where fee Is Costly.
"Merciful heaven, can it be?"
With eyes that fairly started from their
sockets the chemist contemplated the
glittering crystal his art had produced.
With hands that trembled violently he
applied the final lest.
"It is ice!" he yelled, "and the very best
I expected to make was a diamond."
When they found him he was insane
with joy. His mind was a blank. The se
cret was lost, even in the moment that it
was found.— Detroit Tribune.
"You.ehoiflld'Bci yonrear? lo^Tu».i, Ur,vmii H «->»*! n "arnnrr.'.louiiit toon Irish po*»
bui wb^n> be wu- »|iilxnmp; 'Mhoj >t- lou lai«B lor * nju.ru"
•'An' \itdiii\,°' rr]\iiril c*ii; iliberuian, "I irhi.'jiitt tuinlda' yours woaivi want 10 ha
ni<nii Ji-.rgi'r; suri: tbcy '»•-• Uiu small (or ha asa. 1 '
*'Ilsrn«.iy 3l ■* v v nol«J iJicdriver nt li ft ell- known lr»>li wAlflns'Tilace. Ho hold
Ihni i/»« "Miit w4t()Dt" «vua vhmU In»pri/VC(i by x inix'urt \m:!« m "dfcip of. t»c eray'
lljur." tmi \v.ni,i Pol' ciinimit uirOßOfi lo 'tiie ci-inion that the lalter.'vlenicift- UJUjied
anylhiiiK by LkjC oon miot). fib »omiitune* ifra.uk UOfHOI U "net:" tfaon waswiM
or W6ll fur i lie father n; hit vntnk Urnily.
One hoi diiv-.,aiifr a Iwn£ilriv-un'l » lil'ornl lure, Pnrnry inroad into th<> beat, bar
In town unil ohktil l..>r v •i.rmkic. jpal'tb K«tj. dowii the dtuU" Tljb proprietor, «vua
\vi..;ia ml lnif KuVi: other ul>tl6mch£ Hum poor HajTiay,,caaiu in »c tint latter Tt &i ruis
jnp jlia glass, "Unrney 1 , 1 ! L.— aid. "]'•) pi' l "'^ y,.,i wouldn't bo Urihliinf,"iiiy boy.
Yna Isrsnw you vfbntfnrry fprlr (trforo, nni] I Mir'i |f >'" < - yo«»'l| bu anircj /tir- ibis, too."
"fl rr.:, I mißhr, ' rr.[iU«tilLßarn«y, "but, aure. it'i «»f«r to be sorrj lor UKin' It titan,
lor !iyt ink 111 1 it."
Jti 5 crrfijn InM> collf^'" <lii» »-tade3t at lih oio] rj..iroina»i"ii has Iq vivo bis an
:rcr- him &pn mit bcrnhi !•.,,. [v,,»pt Of T.iaiafner>. Unce a fltudom,,v.-?Mi itnii no niuiin
Qjfifui</u of hie ftCtainracntr, a on J^'i me nuluii «rHb a rather idf-saiiftttc'J7uiii bop? 1"'
»!r. This axarajoo'r, Uciernnaud' 10 "•p*«t m him a l>!!!o, lilteiUblui wlthttßurica or
"etUl" i»it«-ivQ);i».ion». fiArnlt ft 3>figß> correct uneirer wim qivi.'n, nn>i -.♦ii-.-n Jii* time
bail i«xi»rwt tie tlu*c(»n<i«dAJKl »ivru4tl to hL» cr«>Miail«n bumiHilXL
"N'tnv, ' ih'u the KiolotlQUl cxjQiiußt vrhon ho ua<t»tn the oye of.lili vlothu BBlUa.
•*ityuu bi»'J iroua ar< you »^viuu down yuu'tl lij\V« uonjcOowti a,* yon wool uj'." 1
Tbt 01-l.i-.fi ol C was taking* walk luio liti'o ci'<tintry. irlicn U« met a little boy
Icudiu;: a tumi'u '«<|t< troubtf-i'jinc irnot by v ror/c. lie sioi>p«'l to taJli to tivo hllla
low, but ii'iih w.iit not no from biro,
"Woy 'ion*l yo»i rai: " your w» -iunto mo, uxy good boy? " ;riu«ifltl the Blsbop,
"I i you hold ibo gnat for me, J will," replied th« urchin,
Excited Over Pontius Pilate.
"Ha!" said Mr. Barber, the joker of the
State Bureau of Minim?, as a very fat vis
itor waddled from the elevator to the reg
ister and there inscribed his name. "That's
She Has Five Sharp Needles
Which Serve as a Tube
With Which to Suck
This is the season when the pestiferous
mosquito gets in its deadly work. Mo
scientist has ever been able to discover a
single virtue in the insect, but we all know
its faults. Besides making mankind mis
erable during the summer, there is no
doubt that mosquitoes carry and propagate
There is every reason to believe that
they spread yellow fever. It has been ob
served that this dreadful fever comes with
them and departs when they go. Where
they are most plentiful it flourishes, but
where they are scarce very few cases ap
pear. Malaria is also supposed to be
propaeated by these pests, but this charge
has not been proven.
There are about 150 species of mosqui
toes in the world, and at least twenty-one
are native to North America. New Jer
sey alone has four species, one succeeding
another so that it is kept well supplied all
summer. The largest varieties occur in
The female does all the biting. The
Bits of Irisk Humor.
"Why, any one can see that he is
"How about the Pilate?"
"If he had not been a pilot he never
could have steered himself up here, and
that is all there is about it."
Mr. Barker whisked his feather duster
over a showcase and sent a remnant of
Another attempt to get back to the starting point takes one out of another door
into a hallway that is totally unfamiliar with the impressions of the last one still fresh
on the brain. And so it goes, winding in and out of halls, past sumptuous chambers
and majestic rooms, where stern justice is to be dispensed and everywhere and per
vading all the feeling that the handful of men who rule here are supreme, have
the lives and liberties of men and their fortunes in their hands to be disposed of
according to tiie evidence presented or after long consultation of the ponderous
volumes that lire the shelves of the library and contain the knowledge and deduc
tions of Justices of the Supreme Court that have gone before.
male never enters the house unless by ac
cident, its only object in life being to per
petuate the species. The natural food of
the female is the juices of plants. It is
not known why she likes human blood.
If she drinks her fill once she never
troubles mankind again. Her sting con
sists of five very sharp needles, two of
them beine barbed. They unite and form
an awl, which, having made tho puncture,
serves aia tube to suck the biood through.
When Mrs. Mosquito is ready to lay her
egjrs she selects some still water near by.
Here she deposits them in a boat-shaped
mass on the surface. She lays about 100
at a sitting. From these the larvre are
hatched. Those larva* are called "wrie
glers." W T hen the wriggler is ready to
emerce into an insect he comes to the sur
face and sheds his skin, whicli serves as a
raft for him to stand upon. If there is any
wind his raft may be upset and he be
drowned. However, if nothing happens,
he stands on it a minute or two until his
wings are dry and then flies away to tor
ment unfortunate persons. It takes three
or four weeks for the e.'gs to develop into
In localities where there are swamps or
ditches the nuisance may be mitigated by
covering the waters with petroleum. A
single drop of oil will spread over quite a
large surface, and the thinnest film is said
to be death to the larva;. It is estimated
that 500 acres of water surface can be cov
ered with crude oil for $3. If such surfaces
were covered five times during the sum
mer no mosquitoes could possibly propa
gate in them. A mosquito will produce
hundreds of generations in a single sum
the paleozoic age whirling in the direc
tion of the glass sarcophagus in which
repose the brass-ferruled umbrella once
carried by Benjamin Franklin and the
flintlock musket owned by Daniel Boone.
But his aim was bad and he sighed relief
as the flinty fragment came to a pause
under a remnant of a petrified brakebeam.
GRANDEUR OF THE
The cause of this curious architectural nightmare is the de
sire of the Justices for privacy. Once the court is in possession
of its quarters, which will be when the July ses-ion opens on
the 6th prox., the Justices in their chambers will be as isolated
from the outside world as though locked in a safe-deposit vault.
From the west elevator entrance on the seventh floor,
through which only the Justices and Supreme Court Commis
sioners can pass, a double corridor, divided in the center by a
partition, runs partly across the building. From the north or
.Market-street division of the coriidor open the doors of the
Commissioners, while on the south side, looking off across the
roofs of the City to South San Francisco, are the chambers of
Doors bearing the words "No admittance" confront the
visitor at each attempt to reach the Justices' chambers, and*
should any disappointed litigant take it into his nead to hunt 1
up a Justice for the purpose of wreaking personal vengeance he
would find it hard to reach his intended victim, for massive^
locks back up the ominous signs and only the Justices and^
attaches have the keys.
The entrance for the public is at the east end of the floor,
and the arrangements for the convenience of the public there
are remarkably good. Immediately on leaving the elevator the
clerk's office is encountered. Here every effort has been made
to facilitate the transaction of business. Labor-saving devicei
are on every hand, and every modern appliance has been brought
into requisition to aid in carrying out the dictates of the law.
The library is one of the most remarkable apartments now being j
fitted up for the use of the court. The collection of lawbooks ;
and records owned by the court is very larg£, and takes up a
groat deal of spare, but with the arrangements made for it will,
be compressed into a very small area. In addition to the shelves'
on the floor a gallery has been constructed close to the ceiling
where a large number of books can be accommodated.
When finished and ready for occupancy the apartment in
bank will be the most imposing one in the building, though not
of large size. Entering the door from the east and the visitor is
confronted by the bench, placed on a slightly raised platform
that extends entirely across the west end of the room.
Two massive pillars flank the bench on either end, giving a
severe and imposing impression of the whole, and making it re«
semble, to a great degree, the tribunes of the Roman basilicas.
The room is massively square, and a great skylight lets in the
rays of the sun, rendered less brilliant, however, by passing
through ground glass.
All about the skylight the classic style of ornamentation has
>een carried out, tjie frieze being particularly handsome. Walls,
nliars, ceiling and architectural ornaments being of pure white,
he effect is chaste and remarkably severe.
Comfort more than judicial severity of appearance has been
consulted in fitting up the Justices' chambers, where handsome
furniture, luxurious carpets and easy-chairs abound. The Com
missioners' rooms, too, are cozy and comfortable and fitted up
with a considerable decree of elegance.
The arrangement of the rooms and corridors was made es
pecially for the benefit of the court, which has taken a five years*
lease of the floor at .|6OO per month, the couit being located on
the top floor of the building. A magnificent view of the sur
rounding buildings and the higher portions of the City is ob
tained. To the north the magnificent residences of Nob Hill
rear themselves against the sky, while to the east glimpses of
the bay are obtained. From the windows that open to the south,
the Potrero and South San Francisco are seen spread out like
Tke Vervj JMeWest Woman
The Unconscious Bicycle yUtitude.
The Very Isewest Woman! Have yon
seen her? Oh, yes; sheischic; still beau
tiful—all that. But have you seen her fa
cial expression when in repose? Have you
viewed her curves critically when she is
unconscious and meditative? Take her as
she comes out of church this morning.
That is not religious zeal in her eyes —
that's the bicycle stare.
And the way she carries her parasol —
that's tho bicycle habit fastened on her.
She doesn't know it. Her thoughts are
not on her bloomers and her wheel — far
from it. That's the action of her sub
conscionsness getting in its work. It isn't
necessary to say any more, is it? The
artist seems to have done his work well.
He has merely caught the bicycle pose and
expression of the very newest young
woman as she is coming out of church.
It is not the ''new" woman, but the
gracious lady whom, in moments of an
tique tenderness, the head of the house
hold chooses to designate — though only to
intimates — as the "old woman," whom
the Appellate Division of the Supreme
Court has crowned with the elory of a de
fensive decision. The "old woman," the
"lady of the house," as a more refined
recognition would entitle her, has at last,
in these unromantic and material day*,
won a legal definition in a court to whose
jurisdiction all good citizens bow. The
Appellate Division declares that while the
man may be — and it does not throw any
great doubt on the possibility — the actual
head of his family in the abstract, the
woman, his wife, is the supreme authority
in matters domestic, whom it is not only
bad form but bad law to controvert,
thwart, oppose or attempt to reduce to a
secondary place before the servants.
The decision is sound in common sense,
as well as in law. The home is the empire
of the wife arid mother. She bears the re
sponsibility for its government by virtue
ol her own express qualifications for gov
erning it. Man is a slovenly, untidy, in
exact domestic animal, who needs to feel
the strone hand of order and economy in
his nostril?, and only woman— gentle,
firm, generous, patient, tidy, economic,
careful, thoughtful, considerate woman —
can direct him aright. Intelligent man in
all apes has confessed the fact when he
surrendered control of his button processes
and the tears in his artificial integument,
but intelligent man is not universal man,
the proof whereof lies in the fact that the
Supreme Court has been called on to ad
judicate his place in the universe. Now
he knows it, at least in New York. At
home the wife is not only her Excellency,
but tier Majesty beyond appeal.
An appeal, if such were possible, from
this decision to all true men would insure
its sustentation without a dissenting
voice. But all this, of course, does not
necessarily limit woman's sphere of use
♦ * * *
We'll not spit upon the street,
. In cars nor public places,
This is far from being neat,
Leaves unwholesome traces,
And disease is spread about
By such selfish doing.
We will try to put to rout
Smoking, spitting, chewing.
It is not from "Mother Goose." lewis
Carroll didn't write it. You may search
the "Bab Ballads" through without com
ing upon the original, says the New York
Sun. In fact it is not to De found -within
the realm of nonsense at all. This noble
jewelof sentiment as fittingly set in the
pure gold of sweet poesy is deadly earnest.
It is the battle cry of the Woman's Health
Protective Association of Brooklyn, and
was sung to the tune of "Yankee Doodle*
at the annual meeting held yesterday
afternoon in the grounds of Mrs. Jere
Johnson Jr. at 168 Hancock street by six
little girls from the South Congregational
Mission Chapel, clad in appropriate cos
tumes and carrying National flags and
"Health and Happiness" banners. There
is more of the song, but this is the vital
part. In fact the main part of the entire
meeting was devoted to the denunciation
of the process mentioned in the verse.
For the better knowledge of those who
are so lost in depths of ignorance as not to
know what the Woman's Health Protec
tive Association is, its objects are explained
here by quotations from the address of its
secretary, read yesterday:
"To inspire the women of Brooklyn with
a realization of their municipal obliga
tions; to promote the health of the people
or Brooklyn and the cleanliness of the city
by taking such action from time to time as
may secure the enforcement of existing
sanitary laws, and to procure the amend
ment of such laws and regulations when
they shall be found insufficient for the pre
vention of acts injurious to the public
health or the cleanliness of the city."
♦ # ♦ ♦
The girl seemed ill at ease, and every
time he took a seat near her she moved
"My dearest," he said, "you seem wor
ried. Let me chase those tears away."
"Nary a chase to-night," she returned
quickly, ''and if you know what is good
for you you'll ksep away from me.
Papa is sitting in the next room reading."
"But the door is closed," he protested,
"ana we can hear him if he makes the
"But you can't hear him turn on the X
rays," she answered, "3nd you can't tell
when he will take it into his head to do it,
Keep your hand on your pocketbook
when you hear a man insisting that "busi
ness is business."
Thomas Slater has a message for every man on
page 3U. Don't fail to read it.