Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME LXXX.-NO. 76.
The Intrepid Explorer Tells
Why He Didn't Reach
ROCKY SEAS AND LACE
Found Water 3500 Meters Deep
Which Became Warmer
at 190 Meters.
THE LAND JOURNEY WAS VEKY
Built a Stormhouse in Which He
Lived All Winter— No Fears
for the Fram.
VARDO, Norway, Aug. 14. -Dr. Nan
sen, the Arctic explorer, says he expects
that the Fram will eventually arrive at
Spitzbergen. He says that she drifted
with the ice in a westerly direction to 84
degrees. Rocky sess, he says, prevented
•him from entering the mouth of the Olensk
Paver for the purpose of procuring dogs,
and lack of dogs prevented him from reach
ing tne north pole, which he would other
wise have found. Dr. Nansen says ne
found water 3500 meters deep, which
became appreciably warmer at a depth of
190 meters. The land veyage, he says, was
very arduous, but had extremely valuable
results. He reached the northern coast
of Franz Josef Land and built a storm
house where he lived all winter.
Dr. Nansen adds that during the winter
when there was no bear flesh to feed the
dogs they killed the weakest dogs and fed
them to the others until the whole pack
was killed. He and Lieutenant Nansen
started on May 19 to reach Spitzbergen.
After traveling for six < weeks on snow
shoes, dragging sledges partly overland,
partly over sea ice, they reached the quar
ters occupied by F. C. Jackson of the
Windward expedition. The members of
this expedition were found to be healthy
and Dr. Nansen and his companion re
mained with them until the Windward ar
rived. 'Vhen the steamer started oii her
homeward voyage Dr. Nansen and his \
companion accompanied her to this place.
CO.VJM VUOHE MELVILLh'S VIEWS.
Says Xansen's Theory of a Polar Cur
; rent Jit Groundless.
WASHINGTON.-D. C, Aug. 14.—With
out questioning the accuracy of the re
ports that come by cable from Norway an
nouncing the safe return of Arctic Ex
plorer Nansen from his novel and adven
turous voyage on the Fram Engineer-in-
Chief Melville of the navy, who was a
member of the ill-fated Jeannette party
which served as the pattern for Nansen's
attempt upon the north pole, holds that
the result of the explorer's party, as now
understood here, is to clearly prove his
theory of a polar drift to be groundless.
In the opinion'of Commodore Melville,
as expressed to The Call correspondent,
Nansen has only closely paralleled the
celebrated voyage of Wyprecht and Payer
in the TegethoS, and has followed their
drift. In that case the Tegethoff rounded
the north point of Nova Zembla with the
intention of traversing the north coast of
Siberia. They got in the ice and drifted
north and east, while the gulf stream
favored them in the early fail.
Afterward when the stream lost its force
NANSEN'S ARCTIC EXPLORATIONS.
On this map is traced the route by which Nansen expected to traverse the open
sea at the North Pole. He believed that the Fram, if it became frozen in the ice, would
be carried by an arctic current from the sea north of the Siberian coast, through the
polar regions, into the sea between Spitzbergen and Greenland. That the Fram
reached a point nearly four degrees farther north than any previous expedition Seems
*o substantiate his theory.
The San Francisco Call
they drifted south and west, bringing up ,
on Wiitsec Island, one of a small groap |
southward of Franz Josef Land. While
they wintered there their ship was
crushed, and in the following summer
they escaped in their boats, and were
picked up off Cape Nassau, one of the
headlands of Nova Zembla.
* Commodore Melville says it will be
noticed that Nansen has had a similar ex
perience. He did not enter the ice on the
I other side of the polar basin from where
he was picked up, so his trip fails utterly
to prove that a current exists that may be
i relied on to carry a ship across the polar
; waters and bring it down on the east side
jof Greenland. As a matter of fact he was
last heard from, according to Commodore
Melville, eastward of Nova Zembla, and
he has just drifted northward and back
This is in accordance with the judg
ment passed on Nansen's theory by Com
modore Melville before he undertook his
voyage, Commodore Melville's prediction
being printed in The Call at that time,
i Melville said he had carefully calcu
lated the probable drift on the Arctic re
gions north of the New Siberian Islands
from experience had with the Jeannette.
As to Nansen's course, he says that, while
it is not known just where he entered the
ice, he doubtless entered northward of
SAN FRANCISCO, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 15, 1896.
"WHAT A TIME I MUST HAVE HAD!"
-Nova Zembla, and this j Won J4 * &ye '■* him ,
just the right drift to where he is
reported to have been picked up. •
It will be remembered by the readers of
The Call that Commodore Melville ex
pressed similar views in opposition to the '
polar drift theory last winter, when it was
reported that Nansen had reached the
Professor W. H. Dall of the National
Museum, an expert on questions of Arctic
explorations, was seen to-day and : asked
how he regarded the reports of Nansen's
success in getting nearer the north pole
than other explorers.
"The reports are so meager," said Pro
fessor Dall, "that it ;is bard to draw any
conclusion about the trip until further de
tails have been received. It shows, how
ever, that the theory adopted by Nansen,
though not accepted by : the scientific
world, of . a current that would carry him
over the north pole, is incorrect, otherwise
he would have gone further north."
EXPLORER BALDWIN TALKS,
Consider* That Tir. Xansen Hat Accom
CHICAGO, 111., Aug. 14— In contrast
with the opinion of Commodore Melville,
1 [Continued on Third Page,]
NEW SCHEME OF
Coalition of Gold Men in
Florida, Texas and
IS A THIRD PARTY IDEA
Republicans, Populists and
AGAIKST BRYAN AND SEWALL
McX nley Will Surely Carry tbe
Three States Named if the Deal
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Aug. 14.— There
is a possibility that a combination ticket
will be put in the field by the Republicans,
National Democrats and Populists in some
of the Southern States. The executive
committee of the National Democracy is
in receipt of propositions looking to this
end from Alabama, Texas and Florida,
and is very much inclined to look upon
them with favor.
The leaders of these three parties in the
South have not yet discussed matters of
detail in the pronosed fusion, but it iB
probable that if it is carried rat they will I
fuse on tne State tickets, and that elec- '
toral tickets will be made of men pledged :
to vote asrainst Bryan and Sewall. In all |
three of the States mentioned the Popu- !
lists have declined to enter into the fusion j
with tue Democrats arranged at St. Louis, j
They are thought to be strong enough in '
combination with the Republicans and j
Sound Money Democrats to swamp the
Chicaeo ticket in each of these States.
This is an unquestionable fact, when it
is considered that the colored Republican
vote of these States will be protected. That
element alone is almost sufficient to carry
them. Tne National committee will con
sider this at its meeting on Monday in
The Republicans in the States named
have not subm tted the question to the
National committee nor have the Popu
lists to theirs. Chairman By n urn ex
presses much pleasure at the declaration
of Senator Gray that he would support the
ticket, and expressed the hope that others
close to President Cleveland, and possibly
the President himself, would make some
expression in due time. The executive
committee was notilied to-day that Cali
fornia will elect delegates next Tuesday
and South Dakota will elect on August
28. The rate ol one fare for the round trip
has be en granted to the delegates, going
into effect September?.
MAJOR M'KINLEY'S CALLERS.
The Steady Stream ttf Visitors Is Appar
CANTON, Ohio, Ang. 14.— Major Mc-
Kinlev SDent another busy day. This
morning he finished reading Mr. Bryan's
New York speech, having been too busy
before to get throagb.it. The major de
clined to comment on the address.
A number of friends from outside points
i were entertained at lunch to-day by Major
| and Mrs. McKinley. Telegrams and let
i ters continue to come from all parts of the
Bcoantry announcing the formation of Mc
iKiniey clubs. Among the points heard
Ifrom to-day were Meriden, Conn., San
iQuoit, N. V., Flint, Mich., and Toledo,
THE RECORD-BREAKING ATLANTIC LINER ST. PAUL.
NEW YORK, N. Y n Aug. J4. — The American liner St. Paul, Captain Jameson, arrived from
Southampton this morning after another record-breaking passage of six days and thirty-one minutes. This
beats her own former best record by five hours and one minute, and that of her sister ship, the St. Louis, by
one hour and fifty-three minutes. The St. Paul, just off the drydock, left Southampton last Saturday at
twenty-two minutes past noon, passing the Needles at 1:44 P. M. She reached the Sandy Hook lightship at
9:15 o'clock this morning, covering a total distance of 3046. \ knots in six days and thirty-one minutes. This
eclipses all previous records. The average speed was 2J.8 knots per hour. The run of each day was as fol
lows: 493.1, 524, 516.9, 525. J, 530.8 and 456 2; total distance 3046. J knots. The St. Paul experienced fine
weather and smooth seas throughout the passage. She brought 458 cabin and 247 steerage passengers.
Ohio. The dispatch from Toledo was
from a reunion of the old soldiers in that
county. The Newcastle (Pa.) club wires
that two special trains have been char
tered to convey the party which will call
on Major McKinley August 22.
JUNES DECLARES WAR.
Committeemen Who Do -Not Favor Bryan
. ! i: to 'Be JDis placed.
WASHINGTON, D. C., Aug. 14.—Dis
patches from New York to the effect that
Senator Jones t has declared open war on
those mem bers of the National Committee
not in sympathy: with : the election of Mr.
Bryan and determined ;to oust them and
substitute men more zealous in the cause
attracted fa great deal ;of attention here
to-day. While ; - : there ■■is) no one ' present
i authorized to ; speak : for the ' chairman,
there was a general^opinion that the re
ports were true. i> . . ;, ..^" ;' : . /■'..-■:■: .;-;■<;
;■ Senator Faulkner, chairman of the Con
gressional committee, took the , - ground
that the chairman had ; the authority to
oust such ■ men as declined to follow the
behests of their Dartv ; and substitute '
others; that in so doing be acted for the
executive committee, which was the sole
representative of the National Committee
and the only organization that lived over
from one convention to another.
Senator Jones could easily accomplish
the result by appointing in place of the
men from the States in open rebellion
whom he desires to supplant the regular
members of the committee to places on
the executive committee, which will have
the active management of the campaign.
There were a number of callers at
Democratic headquarters to-day. Gen
eral A. J. Warner of Ohio has just re
turned from New York, and leaves for
borne to-night. He predicts success for
the Bryan ticket in Ohio.
NEW ENGLAND APATHETIC
Very Little Democratic Enthusiasm Is
Being Aroused, '.','■■
BOSTON, : Mass., Aug. 14. -The silver
wave which was promised in this State by
the i supporters of .$ William J. Bryan has
failed to materialize. The campaign so
far is a flat failure. ..There are several
reasons for this. The silver managers
have no money, and they can see no pros
pects of getting any. The Democrats who
in other campaigns have contributed
liberally, have a ; close clasp upon their
pocket-books. Three-fourths kof these
same contributing Democrats refuse abso
lutely to support the Chicago platform,
and not a cent of their money will they
place in the committee's hands. '■ Many of
the Federal office-holders who would be
among the heaviest contributors are luke
warm and refuse to give anything.
?A t: leading I', politician *J intimately '_'. con
nected with the silver campaign was asked
when Bryan was coming to ; the State and
his - reply was: c "I don't know and don't
care ' much. v What we ' want is money.
That is the necessary and 'we must have
it." The silver managers nave been im
portuning the * National Committee i for
funds, hut get no satisfaction. Tne ; flood
ing of the State with speakers, which was
to be one of the features of the silver cam
paign, is not a reality and is not likely to
be. A ' half-dozen ,of the old greenback
speakers are endeavoring to do. something,
but.they are mostly cranky individuals of
but Jittle or no influence.
ORGANISING IN NEVADA.
Republican* Have >ot Given Up Hope of
'- tarrying the Silver state. . , ;■ .
CHICAGO, 111.. An;;. 14.— Colonel A.
T. Wimberiy, National Comruitteeman
from Louisiana, was the only politician of
distinction from ; outside 'Chicago to visit
the , Republican headquarters , to-day, al
though there was plenty -of work all day
for Mr. j y Hanna and g his committee.
Colonel Wimberly said to a reporter for
the U. P. A. : *■" .- : - ■ :'■>■'•---■
I "We have a fair chance of carrying
Louisiana. There are some domestic
troubles, among. Republicans. \. but, they
may be settled. If we don't get harmony
we cannot carry ; the State. The disturb
ing element is tne younger Republicans,
j who want to run- things to the- exclusion
of the' organization. a
"We are so.'ng to bare a fair election
this year and every vote cast for McKinley
will be counted or there will be somo old
time shooting.. The mass of the planters
and white men, who are life-long Demo
crats, are wild for McKinley." ■■•-.■
Mr. Hanna will leave for Cleveland to
! morrow and spend a ] couple of days at
■. Secretary r Rowling i of - the ; National
I League received a letter to-day from Jus
| tice Bigelow of the Nevada Supreme Court
stating that he had organized two Repub
lican clubs with 283 members at Carson
City and the situation was not as hopeless
for the Republicans as represented. Only
two members of the State Committee re
signed on account of the St. Louis plat
form and McKinley men were elected in
their stead. Justice Bigelow is making
stump speeches throughout the State.
MICHIGAN BOLTERS CONVENE.
ill Select Delegates of the Indianapolis
",'"■ . -■■ -■ ..' Meeting.
LANSING, Mich., Aug. «, 14.— = bolt
ing 'Democrats of the State held a meeting
this i evening and issued , a manifesto to
Michigan a Democrats denouncing ; the
Chicago convention as declaring for de
based currency, repudiation, and class liti
gation; as having unseated legally elected !
■ delegates of ; Michigan, thus overriding
the will of her, Democracy; as nominating
a Populist for.President and * thus forfeit
ing all claim to support of Democrats. A
call was issued i t for a State ■ convention to
- be held here August 26.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Mexican Officials Execute
Three Captives Near
TAKEN FROM THE TOWN
Their Fate Will Be Shared by
Other Suspects Caught by
CBUSHIHG OUT A FANATICAL
Troops on Both Sides of the Line in
Pursuit of Santa Teresa's
NOGALES. Ariz., Aug. 14.— Three of
' the Yaquis who were captured since
the battle here on Monday have gone to
! the happy hunting-ground. They wera
; taken out of town to the hills this after
| noon by a squad of soldiers and shot to
\ death. They were given a hearing this
j morning ana acknowledged their connec
tion with the outbreak, but said they wera
forced by their chiefs to engage in the
I raid. The chiefs toid them that if they did
! not go they would ba put to death for cow-
Several invitations to witness the execu
| tion were issued to officers on the Ameri
\ can side by the Mexican officials, but oth
| erwise the work was secret and no one
i knew when the men were taken or where
i the execution took place. The other cap
tured Indians are likely to be killed in a
day or two. An Indian taken to-day is
believed by many to be innocent, as sev
eral saw him during the battle lighting on
1 the side of the officers and citizens, but
' the general opinion is that he will be shot
unless he can prove conclusively that he
was not with the Yaquis. Mexican au
: thorities keep bringing in suspects and
'■ there are now six in jail.
The cavalry, which left here this morn
\ ing, found signs of a band of Yaquis along
Santa Cruz River, and sent back for tn»
| infantry, which left on a special train at 4
o'clock for Calabasas, ten miles north of
here. From there they go on foot to Pa
jarita Mountains, to assist in gathering in
; any suspicious bands of Indians. More
I soJdiers have been ordered to Nogales and
| a troou of cavalry from Fort Grant is on
the way; another troop of cavalry is com
\ ing via Tucson, and a third is stationed at
; old Fort Crittenden. This latter troop
; ran across about thirty Yaquis on the
[ Santa Cruz, near Sonorita, this afternoon
and took them in. The Darty consisted
of men, women and children, and waa
coming this way. It had but a few guns,
but the men were undoubtedly sym
pathizers of their race in the uprising.
Colonel J. N. Bacon ha 9 received no
special orders from Washington, and all
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