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HOW FREE TRADE HAS HURT THE WOOL INDUSTRY
It was Bhown some weeks ago in a
series of articles in The Call that the free
trade policy of William Jennings Bryan,
as seen in the Wilson tariff, played havoc
witb the woolen industry in all parts. of
the country; that 60 per cent of the fac
tories are idle throughout the United
States, and that the losses to labor and the
country at large are millions of dollars
It is well known to students of the tariff
that this record of depression is only a
history of the ruin wrought by frea trade
in the past. It is not strange, therefore,
that every investigation made shows the
same story of ruin to industry, and that
business men everywhere view free trade
One of the best informed men on the
status of the wool market of this coast is
Jacob Wollner, wool and commission
merchant. In his semi-annual market re
port, juet Jissued, many important facts
Btand out in bold relief. It seems from
his statement that there was hope of a
better market just after McKinley's nom
ination, but it waned after the Chicago
It also appears that Bryan's boast that
prosperity would come with free trade has
not materialized. Manufacturers have not
enlarged their trade and the sheepmen have
not even continued in business.
On August 1, 1592, the American Wool
and Cotton Reporter said: "There has
never been a time in the history of this
country that so much woolen machinery
has been so well employed as at th€
As a striking contrast, illustrative of
what free trade can do in a short time, the
words of the same paper on June 30, 1896,
are submitted. They run as follows:
"The past four week 9 have v been charac
terized by extreme dullness in the wo oi
trade. The transactions have been the
smallest ever reported, and not 30 per ceni
of the woolen-mills of the United Sta tee
are actively employed."
This is a striking object lesson, showing
that (he ideas of protection and prosperity
ptili live, as do those of free trade and
ruin. Mr. Wollner gives many startling
facts on the subject — enough to put to
BRITTLE AS GLASS,
Populists Indignant Because
of Broken Fusion
TREATED WITH DISDAIN
Thomas Watson Ignored Both in
the Nation and in This
GEORGE MONTE ITH'S CHARGES
Democratic Leaders Playing In With
the Southern Pacific—Republi
cans at Work.
Populists are beginning to taste ot the j
bitterness of the unholy alliance which
their leaders seem so anxious to make with
Thus far it has become apparent in
every instance that the Democrats have
broken every pledge they made several
months ago when the matter of fusion j
was broached by Democratic leaders, who |
knew that without the aid of the People's
party vote the Democracy would pass out
of history so far as California was con
It has leaked out that the People's party j
placed only three candidates for Congress j
in the field, with the understanding that j
the Democrats would indorse these three |
and would not nominate any candidates j
against them, while the Populists would !
indorse the four candidates to be nomi
nated in the other districts by the Democ
racy. The Democrats, with their usual |
perfidy, have broken this pledge and have
turned down George W. Monteith, the
People's party candidate in the First Con
gressional District, just as they have
turned down all over the Nation Tom
Watson, the PeoDle's party candidate for
Mr. Bryan has acknowledged the Peo
ple's party but once, and that was about a
week after his nomination, when he de
clared that he was a Democrat and that
he stood upon the Democratic platform.
Chi a subsequent occasion he also publicly
declared that the platform, of the People's
party as adopted at St. Louis was too radi
cal for himself and the rest of the Democ
racy and that he repudiated it.
He has never acknowledged his nomina
tion by the Populists, and has spurned
the platform on which he was nominated
at St. Louis, and he has refused to recog
nize Thomas Watson as a running mate
under any circumstances. 8o the Peo
ple's party stands to-day the backer of a
I'residemial nominee who spits in its face
ami tramples upon its platform.
The action of the National Democracy
in turning down Watson is copied by the
Democracy of thi» State, which has not
only turned down Mr. Watson, but is re
pudiating the People's party nominees for
Congress in this State, thereby delib
erately breaking the pledges made to the
gullible and too eager leaders of the Popu- J
lists. The membersof that party through- i
out the State are indignant over the treat
ment being received by Thomas Watson,
and this indignation has been raised to
boiling heat by the manner in which the
Democracy is treating them in this State.
Miaule-of-tlie-road men are very well
pleased at the fulfillment of the predic
tions made by them. They said from the
outset ihat fusion meant death to the
party by surrendering it into the hands of
unscrupulous politicians who would use it
bs a catspaw and cast it aside with dis
dain whenever its services would be no
There is a growing disposition among
the honest masses of the People's party in
this State to repudiate all efforts at fusion
and to put up a straight tictet. They say
(hat even the rotten Democracy is show
ing more devotion to principle than are
the Populists because the sound-money
Democrats are putting up a ticket and
noting for it without regaid to ttie effect
ivhich their action may have upon the
slection of Bryan or McKinley. They are
going to vote for principle and decline to
illow their principles to be swallowed by
the Bryan wing of the Democracy as the
National Populists are dome.
George W. Monteith, People's party can
didate lor Congress from the First District,
it infuriated over the treachery by which
.he Democrats have attempted to defeat
aim. He said last Saturday night, and
Startling Facts Given by Jacob Wollner, the Well-
Known Commission Merchant.
flight a field full of free-trade orators. His
views, being tns expert opinions of a
trained business man, are so valuable that
they are given at some l«ngtb. He says,
among other things:
I will give some instances where free wool
did so much good (?) to sheepmen and manu
facturers. The increase in the production of
wool in the State of California in 1892 was
3,000,000 pounds over the production of 1891. :
This year the spring clip of California alone is
over 4,000,000 pounds less than last year, ow- |
ing to the fact that sheepmen were forced out
of the business, as they could not make ex
penses. The consumption of wool from the
Ist of January, 1896, to July 1 has been 56,
--000,000 pounds less than 1895 for the same
period. In 1892, under the McKinley tariff,
the prices of California, Nevada and Oregon
wool in this market averaged 18 cents, with a
lively demand, aud this year the average price
of the same wools is 6^ cents, with very little
demand. This is cne reason for it.
The importation of wool for fiscal year (from
July 1 to June 30): 1891,129,313,647 pounds:
1892, 148,670,652 pounds; 1893, 172,433,888
pounds: 1894, 55,152,558 pounds: 1895,203.
--708,635 pounds; 1896, 253,811,473 pounds
Three-fourths of the wool imported previous
to 1895 was carpet wool, which does not come
into competition with our domestic wools, as
we do uot raise much wool of that kind, and
under tho McKinley tariff the duty only
amounted to 3 cents per pound on that class
of wool. Since 1893 we only imported 60,
--000,000 pounds of carpet wool on an average.
The balance of the imported wools came right
in competition with our wools, hence wool
prices raised in foreign countries and dropped
in this country.
The stronu showing thus made by the
sturdy merchant is a complete refutation
of the theories of Biyan, and what he says
is in keeping with evidence from other
ports of the Union. Continuing, Mr.
The reason the importation of wool in 1894
was so small was owing to the delay in the
passing of the Wilson-Gorman tariff bill. Be
sides, since the passage of the tree wool bill,
the larger importation of wool, shoddies,
waste, rags, etc., has amounted to $20,000,000
yearly. This is owing to the fuct that Euro
pean manufacturers have flooded the country
with cheap goods, in the manufacture of
which, although wool is so low, a good deal of
his words will carry great weight to the
minds of his fellow- Populists:
Our experience to-day is an evidence of what
we are going to receive at the hands of the
Democrats. Apparently the only use they
have for us is to secure our votes, i didn't
come to Napa with ihe Idea that I personally
had any right to the Democratic nomination.
1 am not a Democrat, but I am & Populist and
haJ been given to understand that this district
would be conceded not to me, but to the party.
I am satisfied that the Southern Pacific Com
pany iB at the bottom of the matter.
If Mr. Monteith's surmise be correct it
is apparent that the People's party must
put a man in the field whose negative
quality of non-resistance will be accept
able to the Southern Pacific Company.
Mr. Monteith said further:
There were quite a number of delegates here
who sincerely wanted to deal justly with us,
but Mr. Geary and his proxies were too much
for them. lam satisfied that the railroad com
pany is at the bottom of tnis matter and that it
has "devised this method of keeping me out of a
position in which they know I would be aDle
to frustrate some of their schemes.
The Populist party had bsen led to believe
that the Democratic party would join in the
union of forces to secure the free coinage of
silver. We heartily and freely nominated
their candidate for President. In return we
expect to obtain their indorsement of at least
three out of the seven members of Congresß in
this State, besides concessions upon the legis
lative ticket. This performance to-day is a
good indication that they are not sincere in
their professions. They have begun work and
have nominated a candidate in every district
In which we had a nominee in this State ex
cept this district, and they will undoubtedly
place one in nomination here. The result of
that will be that they will so disgust and anger
our people tnat it is hard to tell just what will
be the final outcome.
The plea of the district convention here is
that the State committee has no control over
the district convention, and if this proposition
is carried to its logical conclusion it will apply
to every Assembly and Senatorial district in
the State, and the Populists will get beauti
fully left. We were perfectly willing to meet
them in a spirit of fairness and justice, while
on their part they are disposed to take ad
vantage of the situation. I have seen enough
to satisfy me, and do not intend to be a party
to any further negotiations at all. I begin my
campaign a week from to-day, and I shall go
to work and make a straight Populist and antl.
railroad fight all down the line. The Demo*
crats can do just what they please.
I have delayed my campaign for several
weeks upon the promise that they were going
to do something. Indeed I have done every
thing that could be done to bring about an
understanding. Now, after having made all
my arrangements and bavins got my fight
fully organized, they deliberately come to me
and suggest that I withdraw. That I certair.ly
will not do in any event. lam on the ticket,
and there to stay. If they do not display a
proper spirit toward the Populist par ty there
is no law that 1 know of that will compel them
to do so.
I certainly have no further time to waste in
what I know will be fruitless discussion. They
nave no intention of doing anything sxcept to
try to induce me to withdraw, which I have
no intention of doing. Therefore there Is no
room for any argument.
So far as tne committee that was appointed
is concerned there are several excellent gen
tlemen upon it, but it will be dominated by
railroad Influence. They might just as well
have made Mr. Herrin the chairman as Mr.
Geary. I will not have any dealing with Mr.
Geary under any circumstances or upon any
terms whatsoever. It will be utterly useless
for them to send a committee that contains
any railroad attorneys in its personnel to talk
to me. I will not deal with it In any way,
shape or form. On the contrary, I defy the
railroad and all its methods and warn its peo
ple that they are simply wasting their time in
trying to hoodwink me.
The Republicans are beginning a vigor
ous campaign. Next Saturday evenirfg,
at the ifjwam, on tne corner of Eddy
and Jones streets, the Republican State
Central Committee will hold a big mass
meeting at which six or eight of the lead
in.- public speakers of the State will de
liver short addresses, each upon a special
subject. Mass-meetings will be held in
the Wigwam every Saturday evening from
now on until the eve of the election.
Assignments have been made by the
State Central Committee for the various
speakers during the campaign. R. B.
Carpenter will speak in San Jose next
Thursday evening. Colonel T. V. Eddy
will begin his tour of the southern part of
the State next Wednesday evening in
Orange County. He will speak in San
Diego, San Bernardino, Los Angeles, Ven
tura and Santa Barbara. Major C. W.
Kyle will campaign in Lake. Mono and
Inyo counties. D. E. McKinlay will
speak in Santa Rosa. He will then go
south to join Congressman McLachlan.
The State Central Committee has re
ceived letters from all the prominent Re
publican speakers of the Btate tendering
their services for the campaign ana the
committee feels very much encouraged by
the good news from all over the State. J.
A. Barbam will begin speaking in Siski
you County next Monday evening.
THAT RAILROAD MONEY.
Three Young Men in Oakland's Jail on
a Charge of Embezzlement.
Lulie P. Fiege, 19 years of age, accused
of being Charles J. Bell's accomplice in
the Center-street station (Oakland) rob
bery, was arrested last evening in this
City by Officer C. W. Hamilton cf the Oak
land Police Department. He was taken to
Oakland on a late boat and lodged in jail.
Bell and Georee Webster were arrested
in Tracy a few days ago and detained at
the Oakland prison on a charge of felony
« » »
His Attempt Failed.
Michael Clark, a soap-dealer, livinjr at Ne
braska nnd Xl Dorado streets, tried to stop a
runaway team at Eddy and Pierce streets last
evening. He was knocked down and sustained
a iacerated wound of the scalp and possible
fracture of the skull. He was taken to the
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, TUESDAY, AUGUST 18, 1896.
shoddies, waste and rags have been used, and
our manufacturers, In self-preservation, had
to follow the example, and therefore the infe
rior articles took the place of at least 60,000,
--000 pounds of wool.
Tha importation of manufactured goods,
which in 1892 amounted to $35,000,000, is
reported for the fiscal year ending June 30,
1896, at $57,559,923, and then it has to be taken
into consideration tbat Imported goods in 1892
were nearly 50 per cent nigher in valuation
than in 1896, as then only high-priced goods
were imported, whiie now all kinds of trash is
admitted to the country in consequence of the
low tariff, and so instead of manufacturers be
ing benefited by free wool they not only could
not export manufactured goods but lost over
$30,000,000 in home trade.
That is the picture of the present, but
the outlook for the future is even worse.
The outlook for prices and trade for stock
still on hand, and also for fall wool, is very
gloomy. Over 200,000,000 pounds of wool in
the Eastern markets, and nearly the whole
clip of Montana ami Oregon, which will
amount to 30,000,000 pounds, is in first
hands yet. Wooien-mills, although stopped
at present, have a good stock of wools, mostly
foreign, on hand. With the money market Id
such an unsettled condition fall wools, even if
salable, will not command very high prices.
I would advise all my friends who can keep
their sheep in good condition without shear
ing this fall not to shear, as 1 doubt if it will
pay them to do so. The only hope we have is
that the American people wilt come to their
senses and will v6te for sound money and pro
tection in November next. Every sheepman
or party interested in sheep or wool should
try his utmost to get all his friends to vote the
right way. We have had enough experience
in two years of free wool, which reduced the
production of wool in the United States not
less than 150,000,000 pounds, making paupers
Some of my friends may think that I express
too strong feeling in this matter, but this is a
time when it behooves every man who has the
welfare of his country at heart to express him
self in plain language.
Four years ago there were a good many man
ufacturers who thought that free wool would
enhance their business, but they found to their
cost that the only way to exist is under the
protective tariff, both on raw and manufac
tured materials, and to-day there is not a man
ufacturer north or south, east or west, who is
not In favor of sound money and protection.
WILL HURT FRIST
Free Coinage of Silver
Means a Big Cut
A PARITY IS IMPOSSIBLE
Interview With Colonel Bendel,
Head of the Winemakers'
HE KNOWS BY IXPEKIENCE.
Recalls the Flood of Silver in 1876-77,
When Gold Stood at a Big
Colonel H. Bendel, president of the
Wine-makers' Corporation and of the San
Francisco Fruit Exchange, has very pro
nounced views on the money question and
in opposition to free coinage. In an inter
view yesterday he said:
"Since the \Vilson tariff bill went into
effect the balance of trade has been largely
agaicst us, hundreds of millions of dollars
being drained from this country in conse
quence. For instance, all the tin plate
factories of the United States cannot sup
ply one-tenth of the quantity needed, and
nine-tenths must be imported from Eng
land. The canning business in which I
am interested requires annually tin
plate amounting to about 20,000 pounds
sterling, or nearly $100,000 in United
States gold coin. If I should offer to pay
this amount in silver, the English sellers
would simply answer, "There is more
silver in a Mexican dollar than in an
American dollar, and as the Mexican dol
lar in your country is worth only 53 cents
in gold, why should we accept yours for
100 cents? You must either pay $100,000
in gold or its equivalent in silver, which
would amount to $i 90,000.'
"Thiß proves to my mind conclusively
that with an unlimited coinage of silver it
would be an impossibility to keep gold
and silver in this country at par, as it
would compel people who have payments
to make in Europe to buy gold at a pre
mium, and gradually all the gold would
be sent out of this country.
"Another article that would be seriously
affected in my line of business is sugar, of
which at least 75 per cent is imported
from foreign countries, and for the quanti
ties which we use in our factories we
would be compelled to pay about $50,000
more in silver than we would be able to
purchase the same quantity in gold for.
This $140,000 excess I should be obliged to
pay for tin and sugar would naturally
come out of tne pockets of the consumer.
Next to the consumer the laboring classes
would be seriously affected. Our payroll
is sometimes as high as $1000 per day,
which, if paid in silver, would be reduced
to $530, which 1 would consider very un
fortunate, as no country iB or can be pros
perous where labor is cheap, and when the
wages paid for labor do not keep pace with
the depreciation of silver this assertion
can be easily proven.
"In 1876 or 1877 we experienced on a small
scale whnt is now proposed to be done on
a larger basis. We had an overproduc
tion of silver on this coast and conse
quently a silver dollar was worth only 90
cents in gold on this market. The busi
ness in which I was engaged at that time
made less gross profit than the discount
on silver amounted to. and as there was
practically no gold left in circulation
among the consumers I was compelled to
deal mostly on a silver basis with my cus
tomers, as a great many retail grocers in
this City will recollect. Very few, how
ever, preferred to deal with me on a gold
basis. For instance, I would sell coffee to
a party on a gold basis at 18 cents per
pound and 20 cents per pound for silver,
and soa difference of 10 percent was made
for all merchandise sold.
"All wages, however, of the laboring
classes at that time of course were paid in
silver, and so the poor laboring man had
to pay for all the necessities of life 10 per
cent more than a few months before, when
he was paid in gold. So the laborer, in
fact, who at that time earned $3 per day in
silver actually only earned $2 70. Of
course if he had received his wages in cold
he could have bought for $2 70 in cold
just as much as for $3 in silver; and this
will prove that if we come to h silver
basis the Ja boring classes will be com
pelled to pay about twice as much for the 1
necessities of life, while it will take quite
a Ion? time before his waees will be in
creased in proportion to tile increased cost
"If the rich owners of silver mines, in
whose sole interest this fight is made,
would have used their influence to have
all the fractional currency under $10 or
$20 withdrawn and replaced by silver coin
they could have conferred a great benefit
• upon our silver industry. But the trouble
j is simply this, that all the advocates of
1 unlimited silver coinage at the rate of 16
to 1, not only in the Eastern, but also in
the Middle States, do not care to handle
silver, but prefer the small greenbacks on
account of silver being too bulky.
"The proposition to borrow 100 cents
and to pay back in coin whose intrinsic
value is only 53 cents is simply an act of
rascality and unworthy of a great nation,
and we might just as well put our dollar
stamp on a piece of copper or old iron,
which would leave us a still larger profit.
"In case free coinage of silver should be
adopted and the price of S5 in gold and $5
in silver kept at par (which I, of course,
believe impossible) —but suppose this
should be the case, we should soon have
all the silver in Mexico in this country, as •
it would certainly be a profitable business
to buy Mexican dollars at 53 cents, melt
them into bullion and set from the United
States mint 100 cents in return.
"The people who would be largely in
jured in case the policy of free silver coin
ing should be adopted would be the con
tamer, and principally the laboring class
and such of my old comrades of the Grand
Army of the Republic who draw pensions
from the United States Government. The
purchasing power could only be one-half
lof the pension they receive now. The
widows and orphans who are holders of
life insurance policies would also be af
fected, as in case of death they would re
ceive only one-half of what they are en
titled to now. Tbe treat gainers would be
ail life insurance, fire insurance and ma
rine insurance companies and others.
"While at present our income from the
revenue department does not come near
I defraying the expenses of the Federal Gov
ernment, and if we were to receive our
duties in silver instead of gold the revenue
of course would be still further decreased
to a great extent. This would also seri
ously affect the fruit producers of this
State. At present the duty on raisins,
prunes and other foreign products is not
I more than the freight from here to our
Eastern markets, and in case Eastern im
porters would have tho privilege of paying
tbe duty of foreign products in silver it
would be impossible for the producers on
this coast, hucu as fruit, raisin and wine
growers, to compete with foreign products
produced in Europe by cheap labor.
"The reason why the owners of some of
the largest and richest gold mines are in
favor of unlimited coinage of silver is be
cause as soon as this would go into effect
they would be able to sell their gold prod
uct at an enormous premium, while they
would save perhaps $1000 per day by pay
ing_miners in silver.
"In one of our daily papers it was stated
that during the Civil War paper money
did not go Below 50 cents on tbe value of
gold, and therefore a silver doilar would
never reach that point. This is a mistake
— a gold dollar at one time during the year
1864 was sold at $2 85 legal tender, and in
1865 at $2 34% legal tender. The reason
why paper money advanced again to the
value of gold was simply because the people
had perfect confidence in our Government
that a legal tender dollar before long would
be redeemed at par in gold, and in this
supposition they were not deceived. The
Confederacy also issued paper money,
which at one time commanded a certain
value, but when it became evident later on
that the paper money of the Confederacy
could never be redeemed in gold it sank to
the value of the raw material of which it
was maae. And the same is true of silver
—so long as a silver dollar or a paper dol
lar can at any time be exchanged for the
same amount of gold it of course rep
resents the same value as gold precisely,
the same as a check eiven by a responsible
firm or a bank ; but as soon as the United
States Government is not in position or is
not willing to make this exchange the
silver dollar will gradually sink to the
value of the material of which it is made —
silver bullion— which means 53 cents as
compared with $1 in gold.
"In silver States wages run as follows:
In Mexico the wages run from 50 cents
to $1 25 silver per day— the average being
about 65 cents per day, which, at the pres
ent rate of pxchane;e(lßß per cent) amounts
to about 34J4 cents gold per day. The
highest wages are paid to miners and
peones working in districts remote from
civilization, but the employer being like
wise the purveyor, the men merely get
tbeir board, lodging and necessaries of life
for their work.
"The average wages in Guatemala are
50 cents silver or paper per day, which at
the present rate of exchanee'of 120 per
cent premium amounts to 22% cents gold
"In conclusion, I should iike to Btate
that there is no reason for the present un
satisfactory financial condition here as
well as in the East, even though the sil
verites should be successful; the change
which they contemplate cannot be effected
before two years from now, and I hope
that our banks and the people generally
will take a conservative view of the situa
tion and not get panic stricken over some
thing that cannot happen for nearly two
years to come."
Only 9 per cent of the soldiers actually
engaged in war are killed on the field of
Though Mr. Wollner "speaks right out
in meeting," he is by no means alone. It
is a well-known fact in San Francisco that
the wool men are a unit on this question,
irrespective of previous party affiliations.
None fail to see that the Wilson bill has
ruined their business, and many a Demo
crat engaged in the wool business will
vote for protection and prosperity this
THE STATE WINS
A BIG VICTORY,
The Atlantic and Pacific
Road Must Pay Back
THE COURTS OPINION.
Ex-State Treasurer McDonald
Wins His Suit for the
INTERSTATE LAWS DEFINED.
Tbe Receiver Claimed That the Prop
erty Had Already Been Taxed
in New Mcx co.
The Atlantic and Pacific Railroad must
pay the taxes levied by the State Board of
Equalization in 1894, amounting to $56,180.
This was decided yesterday in an opinion
rendered by Judge McKenna in the case
ofJ. W. Reinhart, receiver, against J. R.
McDonald, late Treasurer of the State of
In 1894 the roll ing-stock, including ioco
motives, of the Atlantic and Pacific Rail
road used on a short line in Southern Cali
fornia was assessed at $56,180. The re
ceiver protested, alleging that tho property
in question had already been taxed in
New Mexico. Mr. Reinhart, as receiver of
the railroad, sought to test the matter in
the courts by instituting a suit against
Treasurer McDonald. Judge McKenna, in
his opinion, says:
The view that this is a suit against the State
iB presented by the Attorney-General with
great strength and plausibility, but even if
the contention be true I think it is a fair de
duction from the authorities as from the prin
ciple that the right of suit against the
Treasurer of the State being given it may be
brought in the Federal courts when other
grounds of jurisdiction exist as they do In thfs
case. Ido not think it is necessary to review
the cases; they are very numerous and the
counsel has cited all of them. The claim of
exemption from taxation ot the property de
scribed is based on the following grounds:
First— That the property is engaged in inter
Second— That its situs is in New Mexico,
where taxes on it have been paid.
Third— That the Atlantic and Pacific Rail,
road is not the owner of the railroad, and
under the constitution of the State of Califor
nia the rolling-stock can only be assessed to
the owner of the railroad.
The first two grounds are answered by the
cases ol Marye vs. Baltimore and Ohio Rail
road. 127 U. S. 117, and Pullman Car Company
vs. Pennsylvania. The constitution of the
State of California is as follows:
Section 1, Article XIII. All property of tbe
State, not exempt under the laws of the United
States, shall be taxed in proportion to its va:ue, 10
Up ascertained as provided by law. Tbe word
properly, as used in this article and section, is
hereby declared to Include moneys, credits, bonds,
stocks, dues, franchises, and all matters and
things real, personal and mixed capable of private
ownership. • • •
Section 10, Article XIII. The franchise, road
way, roadbed, rails and rolling-stock of All rail
roads operating in more than one county In this
State shall be asses»«d by the State Board of
Equalization at their actual value, and the same
shall be apportioned to tbe counties, oittet and
counties, cities, towns, townships and districts in
which such railroads are located, In proportion to
tbe number of miles of railway laid in such coun
ties, cities. * * *
These provisions seem to need no interpreta
tion. Tne first section is so comprehensive it
can only be defined in terms of itself, and it
certainly embraces, as it exactly and carefully
says it embraces, all matters and things
capable of private ownership.
The court then quotes several authori
ties in support of the position taken, in
cluding the decision in the celebrated case
of Marye against tbe Baltimore and Onio
road. la conclusion, Judge McKenna says:
The language of the California constitution
is: "All property of the State, not exempt
under the laws of the United States, shall be
taxed in proportion to Its value, to he ascer
tained as provided by law."
The California constitution, therefore, ap
plies to property without regard to its kind or
ownership. It is only necessary that it should
be ot the State. The limitations of the Virginia
statute are not contained in the California
The decision is regarded as one of utmost
importance to the State of California. The
railroads have heretofore succeeded in
evading State taxation on rolling-stock
used under similar conditions, but accord
ing to Judge McKenna this is no longer
Suit for Damages.
Eliza Cole has sued J. F. McDonald for
$3000 damages for moving a house on Michi
gan street, occupied by the plaintiff, without
having obtained plaintiff's conssnt.
i HOW'S YOUR LIVER?
f? LIVER When yonr liver is disordered I
C you will notice the following
C LITER symptoms:
U "Are you irritable?"
fz LIVER "Are you nervous?"
C "Do you get dizzy?"
C LIVER "Have you no energy?"
C "Is your memory poor?"
C LIVER "Do you feel miserable?"
r* "Do you have cold feet?"
C LIVER "Do you get tired easily?"
C "Do you have hot flushes?"
C LIVER "Is your eyesight blurred?"
C "Can't you explain where?"
C LIVER "Have you pain in the back?"
C "Is your flesh soft and
C LIVER flabby?"
C "Are your spirits low at i
U LIVER times?"
C "Is there a bloating after eat- '
C LIVER Inp?"
C "Have you pains around the
C LIVER loins?"
f~ "Do you have gurgling in
C LIVER bowels?"
C "Do you have rumbling in
CT LIVER bowel 9?"
C "Is there throbbing in the
C, LIVIiR stomach?"
r~ "Do you suffer from pains in
£ LIVER temples?"
f: "Do you have sense of heat in
C LIVER bowels?"
v "Do you have palpitation of
U LIVER the heart?"
C "Is there a general feeling of
U LIVER lassitude?"
C <-Do th"se feelings affect your
U LIVER memory?"
• HUMAN Cores liver Debility, i
E When you are suffering from a Liver
£> Trouble you should use the Remedy-
U Call or Write for Circulars.
£ ————— 3
g Circulars — Gall or 'Write 3
1 HUDSON MEDICAL INSTITUTE 1
G STOCKTON AND MARKET STREETS, 3
You know that it is time to buy goods
when they are new and fresh ? Don't
US for not reminding you that we have
just received our new line of LEEDS
FLOWER POTS and
Attention is also called to our beautiful
line of VASES. Send your
In to see at what ridiculously low prices
we are offering
REAL CUT GLASS 1 1/rnpO:
"Bohemian" > If II \I" \
and Venetian ) ■ nULU
From 25c to $1.00.
rL,.,nr "Royal Green,"
tv We I "Rookwood,"
rV } "Flow Blue,"
I UlO / "Royal Chelsea."
From 40e to $3.00.
j^S=aa^^ . , Qulckly.Thovonably,
.^ \^fim ' ~ ■ . JForevsr Cured.
;. f-'' '- ' \k Four out of five who
'm : *$'\^lt^\ » suffer; nervousness,
n A ; mental worry, attacks
Four out of five who
mental worry, attacks
fi U Jssi&ft lof the blues," are but
\ fi»ns^^ Jf paying the penalty of
\^jmKiLf?^m^lS^r early excesses. Vie- ;
_^^ tims, reclaim your
V^ s^s=^*^ manhood, regain your
- vigor. . Don't despair. ■ Send for book with
explanation and proofs.. Mailed (sealed) free. 1
ERIE MEDiCAI CO.. Buffalo, N,Y.
RAILROAD TRAVEL: ' r>
Atlantic << j^^ffi^
Trains leave and arrive ai^^^^M^^HM
SANTA FE~KXPRESS. JP|||i^
To Chicago via A. & r.^|gjg|f3s\jTg|
Leaves every day at 5 p. 'it.,' carrying i»ulJm»n
: Palace Drawing-room i Sleepers, also Modern Ip.
holaterfd Tonrlst Sleeping-cars, with clean linen
and bedding and In charge of a porter, run dally
through to Chicago via Kansas City. Annex cars
for Denver and St. .Louis. -.- .->--• ■. •' ■-
; Personally conducted Boston Excursions vis
Kansas CUT, Chicago, Montreal and . the • Whit*
Mountains leave every Wednesday. ;
The best : railway from California to the East.
New rails, Dew ties; no dust; interesting scenery;
said good meals In Harvey's dining-rooms.
Ticket Office— 644 Market Street,
.",, Chronlclo Building* .
Telephone Mala. 1331*
SOUTH PACIFIC COAST RAILROAD
(Via SausaXito Ferry).
From San Francisco, conune nclii£ June 15, 189 3.
. . ,- WEEKDAYS.
For Mm -Valley ' and San Rafael — 7:00, *8 :00
*9:15 10:10, : 11:15, T A. M.; "1:40, 3 «0. 4:15,
6:16, *6:00. 6:35 p. v. .
Extra trips for San = Rafael on Mondays, Wednes-
- . days and Saturdays at 11:30 p. *. ' r. :
ii ■•■•.•• ■■-.:■ ■ ■■-:.-• SUNDAYS. ■•-■■;-:• , ,' ; \-- ■ -.;
For MM Valley and : San Rafael — *8 :00, *9:O0,
»10:00, 11:30 a: ; **ia :3l*. *1 :30, *2:15, »4:00,
. 6:30, 6:46, 8:30 p. it. Kxira trip to Sausallcoat
11:00 ah. ■ ,v— -:■ ■ .-.-■■--;.
Trains marked * run . to ' San Quentln. - **12:30
> p. x. does not run to Mill Valley. >.-•;-'
' . r THROUGH TRAINS. ., ..
For Point • Reyes ' ana > way stations— 9 a. "'■ it.
Bnndays.o;-..;-. -,. -.-"i-- ;:■..■:■,-.- '•; - . : -• •;■■-
'■ h For : Point : Reyes, , Cazadero and ' way stations—
8:00 a. M. Sundays; 1:46 p. K. weekdays. .>:
HUDYAN CURES 1
Jervoas Debility Lost Manhood- °j
Circulars Exolain. 2
OALjLi OK* WRITE. 3
TAINTED BLOOD. 3
TAINTED BIiOOD First, secondary «
and tertiary forms °\
TAINTED BLOOD of blood disorders c<
are manifested by o<
TAINTED BLOOD copper-colored °<
Spots, Itching oc
TAINTED BLOOD Skin, Irritated, c^
Hry, Parched o<
TAINTED BLOOD Throat, Ulcers in ot
the Mouth, Fall- o<
TAINTED BLOOD iner Hair ana Bad o<
Blood. When in oi
TAINTED BLOOD this condition you g
must act prompt- oi
TAINTED BLOOD ly. The best to do «
is the sure 30-day °
TAINTED BLOOD cure Call or write °
for the o
: 30-DAY CURE CIRCULARS. :
HUDSON MEDICAL INSTITUTE, |
Cor. Market and Ellis Stg.
HUDYAN Is the first-known °\
specific for 3
Hudyan Cures 1
LOST >f AN HOOD,
KIDNEY DEBILITY, 2
NERVOUS DEBILITY, 3
LIVER DEBILITY °j
AND DISABILITIES OF MEN. 3
•OUTIIKRIV PACIFIC COJIP AJCT.
(PACIFIC SYSTEM.) • ■
Train leave noil nrc <lue to nrrlTe »l
; NAN I'UAxNCJSCO.
HBATK — Fi'.om Jtrs'E 7. 139 C. — Aitmv
•6:00 a Niles, San Jose and Way Stations . . . 8:45 a
7:00 a Atlantis Express, Ogileu and Hast.. «*4."i»
7:00 a Benicia, Vacaville, Rumsey. Sacra*
mento, Orovillo and Redding via
7:00 a Martinez, San Ramon, Napa, Calls-
toga and Santa Rosa 6:15r
SiSOa Niles, San Jose, .Stockton, lone.
' . Sacramento, HarjsTillo and Bed
•8:30 a Peters and Milton . *7:15p
' •iOOa Los Angeles Express. Fresno, Santa
■Barbara and l,o» Angeles 4i4-'Vf
*iOOa Martinez and Stockton 1 1 :4l> a
»:OOa Vallejo 6:15r
l:OOp Niles, San Jose and LlTerttore S«43a
•1:OOp Sacramento River Steamers.. ....... *0:00p
fl jSOp Port Costa and Way Stations f7:45*
. 4tooi> Martinez, San Ramon, Vallejo.
Kapa, Calistoga, El Verano and
Santa Rosa VilSa
•iWOr Benicia, ■ VacaTUle. Woodland.
Knights Landing, Marjsrille,
OroTille and Sacramento ......... I*i43 A
4:B9pKlles, San Jose, Lirermore and. ■ _
: , 4:3»r Merced, Berenda, Raymond (Cor
Tosemite) and Fresno 11*40*
: SiHr New Orleans J3 xpresa, Fresno, Bakers*
' «iold, San Barbara, Los Angelee;
Dewing, El Paso, New Orleans and
Sast..." , 10i15a
; ' OiOOp Santa Fe Route, Atlantic Express
for Mojare aud East IC:l5a
»:OOp Vallejo:.... 11:43 a
«iOUp Kurupeau Mall, Ogden and Yjml.... «:!•"» a
-6ioop Haywards. NElca aud Sau Jose 7:15 a
|7:00r Vallejo ..;..<-.-...... 17-.43P
7:00p Oregon Express, .Sacramento, Marys-
villo, Redding, Portland, Fuget
Sound and East 1 O;4<»a
' ' SANTA < HI Z 1>1V1S:OM (Sarronr Onnye;. "~"
. :45a Santa Cruz Excursion, Santa Cruz
and Principal Way Stations ...... JS:tsp
• •I Newark, On lose. ton. . ,
** ■ . Boulder Creek, Santa Cruz and Way > -'■ ■■ '
•»:15p Newark, Ce'.iterville, San .lose. Now
- Almaden, Felton, Boulder Creek,
Santa Cnu and Principal Way
t f4ilßp Newark. San .lone and I.os Gatos.... a
' COAST DIVISION (Third A. loitiishhl SU.)
■ L *«:43a Sau Jose anil Way .Stations (New
Almaden Wednesdays 0n1y)......* 9:474
. 17: 3* A Sunday Excursion for San Jose.
Santa Cruz, Pacific Grove, ana
Principal Way Stations JSs Mr
•:15a Ban Jose, Tres Piiios, Santa C'rua.
Parilio Grove, Paso Rubles, Sab.
- fiiils Oliispo, Guadalnpe and Prin-
cipal Way Stations 7rO3p
1»:47a Palo Alto and Way Stations fliSOp
I<i:4Oa San Jo*"^>d Wny Stations n:O<)p
11i3Oa Palo Alto and Way Stations....... 3:30*
*2:30p San Matco, Menlo Park, Man .lose,
Gilroy. Tres Pinos, Santa Cms,
Salinas, Monterey anil *1O:4O v
' *8:30p Sau Jose, Padno Grove aud Way '
•4:30p San Jose and Way Stations *ft;u«iA
5:30 p San Jose and Principal Way Stations *H:4*a
OiSOp San Jose aud Way Htatious O::(S.\
(11:43p San .lose itn.l Way Btntionn <7:45p
SAX LEAMHtO AM) lIAYWAKU* L(>( AL.
4»6:OOA 1 ~~ ~7 7:15 a
8:00 a ' I |0:45 a
i2:2Sa Helr»«e, Seminary Park, \TAH
"USSp Flt«bb B rg,S.»L«« dro *$&>
4:00p " ntt ' 4:4.-. F
fi:OOp . lUrwird* - ' 6: lor
- 9:OOp • Rom through to Niles. lo'so'
ttiitisp ) * * Mile »- ftiaiOOf
CREEK ROUTE FERRY.
FromSlH fEIHCISCO— Foot or Market Street 'Slip 8)—
•7:16 9:00 11:00 a.m. tl:00 *2:00 t3:CI
•1:00 »:00 \»6:oopji. '
From 04XUX&— or Broidr*/.— -0:00 8:01
10:00 a.M. tI2:CO '1:00 . (840 *3:00 X 1:08
j «S:OQp.H. ■'.■■■■.-.-.'■-
: A for Morning. P for Afternoon.
* Sundays excepted. t Saturdays on!
■ • ■■':■:• . t Sundays only,
ft Monday, Thursday and Saturday nights only.
5 Saturdays and Sundays for Santa Cruz.
% Sundays and Mondays from Santa Cms, .
' CMC RAILWAY CO.
Tlbnron Ferry— Foot or Market St.
San Francisco to San Rafael. .
WEEK DAYS- 7:30, 9:00, 11:00 a. if.- 11-lia.
8:80, 6:10, 6:30 r. v Thursdays— Extra trta
at 11:30 p. x. Saturdays— Extra trip* at 1:69
and 11:80 P. v. .
SUNDAYS— 7:36%:50, 11:00 a. m.; 1:30, 3:3 a
6:00, 6:20 p.m. \ ■
San Rafael to Sun Francisco.
WEEK DAYB-6:15, 7:50, 9:10, 11:10 a it,
BU NDAYS--:35, 11:10 a. *- ! ; 1:40.'3:4».
o:UU, tt:.'!i r.u. • -■ ...
Between San Francisco and Scbnetsen Park sama
■ , schedule as above. —»■••
■an Francisco. I°^' 1 Ban FrTn'clsca
a>4Yb. i days. —*, Bays, j Day*.
7 :30 am 7:30 am Novato, 10:40 ami 8:40 am
8:30 pk 9:30 am Petaluma, 6:05 pm 10:10 am
6 :10 pm , 5:00 pm Santa Rosa. 7:30 pm| 6:15 pm
. . ■ Fulton,
7:30 am Windsor, :. 10:10 am
8:30 PM 7:30 am| Cloverdale. 7:30 pm 6:15 m
■ ■'-',: ■ ~ ~ Pieta. ~ f ~~
7:30 am Hopland & 10:10 am
B:3opm 7:3oam TJklah. ?7:3opm 6:15 p*
7 :30 am I -,■• ■ . ] " - 10-10 am
7:30 am l GuernevUle. 7:30 pm '
■ 3*o r* | ■ ...... 6:15
7:8 ? am 7 :30 am I Sonoma [10:40 am 840 am
S :10 pm 5 :00 pm j Glen* Ellen. | 6 :05 pm 6 :15 pm
6 :10 pm 5:00 pm Glen Ellen. | 6:05 pm| 615 pm
_ Stages connect at Santa Rosa for Marie West
Springs;; at Geyservllle for Wca^s Spring,- at
Cloverdale for the Geysers; at Pletafor Highland
K P «,^i X / lBe , yV I. lle> Sod * Ba ' r »ndmfcepor(,; at
MS "fL- fO vi I k i port '* nd ' B le " Spring at
Uklah for Vichy Surtngs, Saratoga Spring Bin*
vff&HS; rt D t?" f» ke ' Upper L&e, Pomo>ftSJ
Valley. John Day's, Riverside, Llerley's, • Buck*
«™,. '^S he « r i n ' :He! * llti ' Hullville. Boonevill^
«reenwood,Orr's Hot Springs. Mendoclno City.
Won Bragg, W»stport, TJsal, Wiliets, Cahto, c»»
Wo. Laytonviile. Harris, Scotia and Eureka,
*fat? *- to Monday round-trip tickets atredu«e4
On Sundays round-trip tickets to all noints be-
yond San Rafael at half races. "
Ticket Offices, 650 Market St.; Chronicle butldlna,
B. C. WHITINO, : R. X. RYAN.
. Oen. Manager. - .Gen. Pass. Ageo%_