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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, September 20, 1896, Image 20

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PUNDAY.... .BEPTEMBER 20. 1886
CHARLES M. SHORTRIDQE,
Editor and Proprietor.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES-Po«t«s;e Free:
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THE SUMMER MONTHS.
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THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
PATRIOTISM, PROTECTION
and PROSPERITY.
rOR PBESIDENT-
WILLIAM McKINLET, Of Ohio
FOR VICF-PREBIDEXT—
GARRET A. HOBART, of Hew Jersey
ELKCTION NOVEMBER 3. 1896.
Political anxiety is about over.
The campaign is simply a march to
prosperity.
Ail who wish good business and good
wages are working for "McKinley.
When the conductor shouts "All aboard
for Canton" everybody in sight takes the
train.
Weather prophets will soon change the
subject from politics to tell you about the
coming winter.
"What the people need is confidence,"
soya McKinley, and the people respond,
"We have it in you, Major."
International bimetallism means busi
ness, while silver monometallism means
panic, and the people know it.
The workingmen of the country have
learned that on McKinley's lawn they are
nut warned to keep off tne gras3.
In the mouth of the average Democratic
ofiice-seeker free silver talk is simply a
dodge to evade the tariff question.
By persistently reiterating his speech
Bryan may make it familiar to the coun
try, but be can never make it a household
word.
Genuine bimetallists are those whose
sense is on the side of free silver as dis
tinguished from the cranks who are crazy
on it.
Democrats and Populists talk of only
one plank in the Chicago platform and
look amazed when reminded that there are
others.
There are many parties in this country,
but only one of them is united in har
mony, and that is the party of protection
and prosperity.
The silence of the free-trader is a good
pign that hereafter protection will be the
permanent policy of the country, and that
means prosperity.
Demoralized Democracy has ceased to
hope for harmony in its own ranks and is
now seeking consolation by trying to find
a kicker or two in the Republican party.
"Wandering Wiilio" is not a dignified
title for a candidate for the Presidency,
but what can you call a man whose name
is Willie, and who keeps wandering
around?
This campaign will settle the economic
po.'icy of the Nation and put an end to
industrial disturbance, so that we can go
forward, not only to better times, but to
new issues.
Th* cottage home of McKinley has be
come the popular resort of the American
people, and no one ever goes there witn
/ out finding a welcome and hearing words
of good cheer.
From the silence of the big spell-binders
c— tong the Democrats and the Populists
it would seem the campaign has reached a
point of higher education where they can
not keep up with it.
The campaign has now progressed far
enougn for the end to be clearly seen, and
«b a consequence business men are no
longer afraid of further Democratic ex
periments and once moro gold is coming
into the country instead of going out.
In a moment of unaccustomed good
sense Bryan advised all the voters of Rich
mond who were opposed to him to vote for
McKiuley, and this is perhaps the only
counsel he has given in the campaign
that the people will be willing to follow.
The promise of prosperity to be derived
from the free coinage of silver on the
Bryan plan is only a mf rage arising from
the unknown, but the promise of pros
perity to be derived from protection is an
assurance of things well known from the
experience of all.
McKinley has long stood in the front
rank of our statesmen, and his speeches in
this campaign have placed him in the
fiont fank of our orators. No other
speaker in this canvass has given utter
ance to so much political wisdom em
bodied in epigramatic phrases as he has j
done, or has expressed so much clear
common-sense with terseness and elo
quence.
The list of weekly periodicals of this
City is to be increased by a new one, the
Graphic, which is to be published every
Saturday and will be devoted to politics,
literature, society and the drama. The
initial number is _ very attractive one,
both in contents and in typography, and
is handsomely illustrated. Politically the
new weekly is opposed to the free coinage
of silver, and will prove a valuable addi
tion to the supporters of the cause of
Bound money.
TRICKS AND TRADES.
The plan of fusion arranged by the
office-seeking managers of the Democratic
aud Populist parties has now been suffi
ciently developed to be fairly well under
stood. It is not certain how far the Demo
ojurtic bosses have gone in encouraging
Mr. Cator to believe they regard him as
the logical fusion candidate for the Senate,
but it is certain that the whole plan of fu
sion consists in bartering one office for an
other. This is being done in the name of
Bryan, but not for his profit. The spoils,
if there be any, are to be local spoils and
will be divided among the traders who
have made the fusion.
Democrats who believe In the political
philosophy of Jefferson that "Govern
ments govern too much," and that the
powers of the Federal Governuient should
be confined to a strict construction of the
constitution, how do you like this trade
which promises to deliver your votes to
office-seekers of that Populist party which
would carry governmental paternalism to
an extent never yet practiced among civil
ized men? How do you like to be called
on to vote for members of the Legislature
who have bargained to elect to the United
States Senate a man who favors fiat
money, Government ownership of rail
roads, the referendum, popular initiative
and the imperative mandate? Huw do
you like to aid in raising to official power
a man whose political policy would tear
down the last vestiee of State rights and
locel self-government and vest in the Fed
eral authority a power as unlimited as
that of the Emperor of China? How do
you like a trade that subordinates all your
Doiitical principles to a creed the mere
statement of which would have made An
drew Jackson gasp and swear?
Populists who have faith in the wisdom
of your party policy and who for years
have worked and fought to build up a
party to support that policy, how do you
like to trade ail 3'our principles and all
your work to that Bourbon Democracy
which has mocked at you for the sake of
getting in return an office for some Popu
list who is not so devoted to his principles
as you are? How do you like to cast your
vote for some Democrat whose politics
you detest In order to induce soms other
Democrat to vote for a Populist whose
principles he detests? How do yon like
this bartering and trading, this dickering
and dealing with your vote without your
consent? How can you engage in a com
bination which is to count your creed and
your conscience for nothing and entice
your ballot from you by a bunko game
that will not only wrong you, but deprive
your party of its political prestige?
There can be but one answer to these
questions. Tricks and trades among the
lower class of office-seeking politicians are
common, but they never succeed when the
people are aware of them. As a Nation
we delight in straight politics. "We honor
the man who stands for his convictions
and votes for them on election day regard
less of office. In all parts of the United
.States there Is a feeling of admiration for
the Republican of Texas who stands by
his platform, though he never cets an
office, and for the Democrat of Vermont
who goes to the polls year after year to
meet a certain defeat. These men are re
spected even by those who believe them
to be politically wrong, but for the trick
sters and traders for office no one has re
spect. Party fusion is an abomination to
the American people. Office-seekers may
plan it, but the voters will scorn it, and
the ballots on election day will show how
futile have been the attempts of the bosses
to trade the votes of honest Democrats and
of honest Populists.
We are now convinced, after three years of
experience, whatever may have been our polit
ical relations in thepast, of the truth of the ob
servation of Webster, made more than half a
century ago. You will recall that he said:
"That is the truest American policy which
shall most usefully employ American capital
and American labor and best sustain the
whole American population." — McKinley.
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND
STRONG.
Nearly 100,000 people from Ohio and ad
joining States formally opened the cam
paign — a campaign for protection and
honest money and, consequently, for pros
perity — at Canton on Friday last. No
such a gathering was ever before seen at
an interior town in this country. It was a
political but not a partisan demonstra
tion, for there were delegations of Demo
crats as well as delegations of Republi
cans. The purpose of all was the same,
however, and all were of one voice in pro
claiming that the time had come when
the honor and integrity of the Nation
needed to be protected against the appli
cation of theories of government which
contradict and antagonize the experience
of nations and commerce and peoples the
civilized world over.
It cannot be said that it was merely
junketing parties meeting at a common
center for amusement, for 100,000 men
would not quit their business and go
junketing in times like tnese; besides, if
they did, they would not rendezvous at a
place so small that it could not entertain 25
per cent of them, nor would they etand in
the hot sun to listen to political speeches.
The fact is, the whole •country is being
awakened to the danger to State, com
merce and social life that lurks in the
foids of _ryanism. It is not so much,
either, that there is any real fear that £ry
anism will prevail as it is indignation on
the part of the wealth-makers of the coun
try at the presumption of the Bryans,
Altgeldsand Tillmans in trying to revolu
tionize commerce and society. Neverthe
less the sentiment in every avenue of the
country's business life is that an ounce of
prevention is worth a pound of cure, and
the pilgrimages to Canton mean that the
ounce of prevention is being got ready.
In any event, Bryan's theories of gov
ernment would make business men and
wage-earners apprehensive of danger; but
Bryan himself intensifies the dread of
having them matte the policy of the Gov
ernment by saying that "we would no
doubt have a panic at first after the adop
tion of free coinage." Commerce nor
those who work for a living are quite
ready to plunge the business affuirs of the
country into a panic merely to try an ill
advised monetary experiment, the more
so because the experience of trade, in
dustry and labor pronounce Mr. Hryan s
theories wrong in principle. There is in
tho6e pilgrimages to Canton, therefore, a
reflection of public sentiment — a senti
ment, indeed, that permeates the entire I
commercial and industrial community.
In this connection the fact should be
made Known that it is not in Bryan's
monetary vagaries where all the danger
lies. The law-abiding citizen fears that
Bryan's purpose to practically overthrow
the Federal courts means a Government
without any well-defined method of ad
ministering law. His advocacy of the re
peal of the civil service law and a return
to the spoils of office system is alarming
not a few. and his determination to sub
ject every one to an income tax, with the
accompanying spy system, makes people
shudder. So, it will be seen, there are very
many reasons why there should be political
but non-partisan gatherings at Canton
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1 890.
every day. The people want peace and
prosperity, .not confusion and uncer
tainty. _^____________
Prosperity in manufacturing v inseparable
from prosperity in agriculture. Set all the
wheels in motion, set all the spindles whirl
ing, set all the men at work on full time, start
all the idle workshops in the country, bring
back confidence to business, and the farmer
will at once feel the influence in the greater
demand for his products, in the better prices
he would receive. — McKinley.
WILL BE TENDERLY CARED. FOR.
Of one thing the Irish political prisoners
who were recently released from British
prisons may be assured. Tuey will be
made as comfortable as the condition of
their health will allow. Irish- Americans
have taken the matter in hand, and they
are not the kind of people to be satisfied
with any half-way measures; and there is
true Irish chivalry in insisting that con
tributions for the relief of the ex-prisoners
should come exclusively from their own
race. There are plenty of Americans, who
have no Irish blood in their veins, who
would be glad to contribute, but all the
more glorious is it to Irishmen to prefer to
make it a family affair, so to speak, and
themselves extend the tender care that
these terribly abused men may need.
Whether English prison rules are un
necessarily harsh or not, the fact remains
that these Irishmen who have just been
released were and are still gentlemen of
culture and refinement and used to good
and kind treatment, and that they were
entitled to consideration on that account,
being merely political prieoners, but they
were subjected to conditions that were ex
acting beyond all reason, and England
may be sure that history will note the
facts without fear or favor.
It will not do for the British authorities
to plead in extenuation of their hars_
treatment of these men that the rules of
their prisons are applied to all alike, and
that they cannot be made to yield to ac
commodate any one, for right at this mo
ment Dr. Jameson's imprisonment is made
little else than setting narrower bounds to
his going and coming. He is treated with
great consideration, and his friends have
access to him. Indeed, be la treated more
as if he was a guest of the prison's offi
cials than aa a law-breaker, and yet his
offense was greater than was charged
against the Irish prisoners.
But these liberated Irish gentlemen are
broken in health anil cannot engage in
business pursuits, for axhile at least, nor
can all that British prison harshness in
flicted upon them be removed or undone,
and surely they are entitled to the kind
consideration of every one who loves right
and justice. However, they will not
suffer for anything that money will buy,
for they are in the hands of their own,
and their own are great of soul, warm of
heart and true to duty.
The day of silver is coming. It is my seri
ous and solevm opinion that the full recogni
tion of silver will come soon; that it will come
through the efforts and under the direction of
the Republican party, in which the conserva
tive people of this country have confidence,
and that it will nevet come through the Dem
ocratic-Populist aggregation headed by this
wandering orator of the Platte. — Senator Wot-
001 ' — — —___. ______
THE WRONG OF SECTIONALISM.
Geographical discrimination by political
parties in their effort to secure supremacy
is the most threatening of the dangers to
oar institutions. It has become the cus
tom for parties to ignore sections where
there is no encouragement for success and
throw the weight of their influence to in
crease majorities where they are already
sure oi winning. Naturally that sort of
tt'ing creates a sectional feeling, but as yet
all feeling of that kind has quickly passed
away immediately after election. Never
theless, it is playing with fire, and it
might grow to be a disastrous conflagra
tion.
it wonld be far better if parties would
throw speakers into sections which they
knew were wedded to the other side. It
would leave no room for suspicion that
geographical discrimination was intended ;
besides, if a party believes its theories of
government are best suited to all interests,
it should want to preach its doctrine in
every community. There is no section of
this country that is not more or less de
pendent upon every other sectiou, nor
could injury be inflicted upon one commu
nity and all other communities escape
hurtful influences.
No greater blunder was ever made by a
public man than Bryan made when he
referred to the Eastern States as the
"enemy's country." There is no soot in
the United States that is at enmity with
another spot, and it is wronging the spirit
of our system of government to even in
timate that there could be. There are
interests that are widely different, but
there is interdependence between all in
terests, and every one is necessary to every
other one if the Government means a gov
ernment for all the people without dis
crimination.
It is wrong, it is unpatriotic, to misrep
resent the personnel, the material advan
tages or the integrity of one community
that advantage may accrue to another,
and yet it is done in every Presidential
campaign. We lose sight of the fact that
it is the people who elect public officials; ,
that the people who elected Harrison sub
sequently elected Cleveland; that the peo
ple who elected Cleveland rebuked hi 3 ad
ministration two years later, and that it is
for the most part these same people who
will elect a President next November.
The people are responsible for the con
duct of the affairs of the State and Nation,
except when officials fail to obey the peo
ple's instructions, and hence all the more
is the danger to our institutions when an
aspirant for political preferment attempts
to stir up geographical hatred so as to
solidify the vote of his own section. There
should be no "enemy's country" in all
this broad land, nor is there such a spot.
Trade, commerce and the people are free
to go and come, and when they are con
fronted by "enemies" anywhere they may
safely conclude that the glory of the Re
public has departed forever, and that sec
tional discrimination and hatred rule the
land.
As sure at ths night follows the day the
Avierican people — awed at first by the novelty
and force with which the Populists urged
their demands — will detect the absurdity and
hollowncss of the silver movement in time
utterly to rout its advocates. Bryan's progress
is on a more majestic scale than Coxey't,
but it is essentially the same and is to the full
as ridiculous and dangerous. — Louisville
Courier- Journal.
TERSE SENTENCES.
No one has failed to observe that Major
McKinley's speeches to visiting delega
tions abound in terse sentences, and that
very many of them cover the whole field
of economics.
To a delegation of waee-earners he said :
"We do not propose to vote in favor of a
money the value of which we have got to
ascertain every morning by consulting
the market columns in the newspapers."
To another delegation he asserted that
"if there is one thing which should be
free from speculation and fluctuation it is
the money of a country. It ought never
to be the subject of mere partisan conten
tion."
To a mixed crowd ot farmers and labor
ers be Baid that "no one suffers so much
from cheap money as the farmers and la
borers. Taey are tbe first to feel its bad
effects, and the last to recover from them.
This has been the uniform experience of
all countries, and here as elsewhere."
A delegation of business men were told
that "we cannot restore the public confi
dence by an act which would revoiution
ieo all values, or an act which entails a de
ficiency in the public revenues. We can
not inspire confidence by advocating re
pudiation or practicing dishonesty."
In answer to a quastion put by a visitor
concerning free coinage of silver he said:
"Free silver would not mean that silver
dollars were to be freely bad without cost
or labor. It would mean the free use of
the mints of the United States for the few
who are owners of silver bullion, but would
make silver coin no freer to the many who
are engaged in other enterprises. * • ♦
Mexico and China have tried tbe experi
ment. Mexico has free coinage of silver
and (told at a ratio slightly in excess of
sixteen and a half ounces of silver to one
ounce of gold, and while her mints are
freely open to both metals at that ratio
not a single dollar in gold bullion is coined
and circulated as money."
A workingman asked what was needed,
if not free «ilver coinage, to revive busi
ness. The reply was: "It is not an in
crease in the volume of money which is
the need of the time, but an increase in
the volume of business : not an increase of
coin, but an increase of confidence; not
more coinage, but a more active use of the
money coined; not open mints for the un
iimited coinage of the sfiver of the world,
but open mills for the full and unrestricted
labor of American workingmen."
When some one asked about the classes
being against the masses he promptly
replied: "Every attempt to sway class
against class, 'the classes against tbe
masses,' section against section, labor
against capital, the poor against the rich,
or interest against interest, in the United
States, is in the highest degree reprehen
sible. It is opposed to the National in
euiict and interest, and should be resisted
by every citizen. We are not a Nation of
classes, but of sturdy, free, independent
and honorable people, despising the dema
gogue, and never capitulating to dis
honor."
CALIFORNIANS IN NEW YORK.
NEW YORK, N. Y.,Sept. 10.— The Munchen
of the North German line brought In from
Cherbourg Enno John of Los Angeles. The
Spree of the same line brought back John Buhl.
The Werra brought back from Geneva, Naples
and Gibraltar Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Futschi,
Christian Gehret, Mrs. Emma Groppe and
child of Sacramento and Joseph Martin of San
Diego. At the Plaia, H. It Reed, J. B. Petly;
Westminster, Mrs. G. L. Williams, Miss Wil
liams, MUs Taylor; Park Avenue, Mrs. How
ard, H. L. Reed; Metropolitan, G. J. Baldwin,
Mrs- G. Baldwin; Holland. G. Cook, Mrs. J.
Pierce, Mrs. C. Walter, G. A. Pope and wife;
Gerloch, C. Gebut, A. R. Kritschi and wife;
Netberland. Miss Dean; Marlborough. M. J.
l'osten; Morton, G. Martin and wife. Mr. and
Mrs. Percy Tarbutt, Mlsa P. and C. P. Tarbutt
left the Plaza to sail for England on the Um
bria.
PERSONAL.
J. Ralston Bell of Denver is in the City.
Colonel John Bradbury of Los Angeles is in
town.
Dr. H. M. Miller of Cleveland is at the
Palace.
J. C. Kelly of Canton, China, Is at the Occi
dental.
C. 8. Irwln, a mining man ol Nevada City, Is
in town.
A. M. McDonald, a mining man of Sonoma,
is at the Lick.
Alexander J. Dwyer of New Orleans arrived
here yesterday.
Librarian U. C. Nash of the Stanford Uni
versity is in town.
A. B. Shilling, a wealthy business man of
Denver, is in town.
William Clauson, a business man of SllTer
Lake, is at the Kuas.
H. Ballard, a business man of New York, is
at the Cosmopolitan.
J. W. Land on, a business man of Walla
Walla, is at the Palace.
Q. A. Sittman, an electrician of Pleasanton,
Is at the Cosmopolitan.
Miss M. L. Chase, a missionary of Fusan,
Korea, is at the Occidental.
J. B. Overtoil, superintendent of the Vir
ginia City Water Works, is on a visit here.
W. £. Dougherty of the United States army,
agent of the Hoopa Valley Indians, is in the
city.
C. C. Stone, proprietor of the Witney Hotel,
Quartz Mountain, is registered at the Cosmo
politan.
Joseph D. Lynch, the journalist, of Los
Angeles, formerly owner of the Herald, is In
the City.
Richard Follls and William Droun have gone
East to enter Yale and Hopkins colleges, re
spectively.
Mrs. F. M. Hatch of Honolulu, wife of the
Hawaiian Minister to Washington, is at the
Occidental.
J. 8. Williams, United States Marshal for the
Northern District of Texas, is among the re
cent arrivals here.
Charles T. Manning, formerly a business
man of Tacoma, now of Nicaragua, Is at the
Palace, accompanied by his wife.
Mrs. Smith, wife of Chief Justice Thomas
Smith of New Mexico, and several friends are
at the Palace. Mrs. Smith has come to visit
friends.
Th c Rev. Wallace S. Frollis and Miss Frollls,
missionaries of China, are among the recent
arrivals here. Yesierday they went on a brief
visit to San Jose.
The Rev. Dr. Goodwin of the California
street M. £. Church will deliver his final ad
dress at the Metropolitan Temple to-day, and
start for Los Angeles to-morrow.
E. D. Tenney, who is interested in one of the
largest commission-houses and sugar planta
tions In Hawaii, arrived here from the East
yesterday, and is at the Occidental.
H. Indigo, a wholesale merchant of Guay
mas, Mexioo, is on a visit/here for the benefit
of his health. He is accompanied by his fam
ily. Mr. Indigo is a big grower of oranges.
Ex-Congressman James A. Louttit of Stock
toa is In the cUy, accompanied by his two
sons, who are students ot the Hastings Law
School. Mr. Louttit says business is going for
ward steadily In Stockton, much as formerly.
James Benalleck, a well-known mining man
of Grass Valley, who has developed a number
of good gold properties, and altogether has
done much for that section of California, has
been on a visit here for the last day or two.
Mr. Benalleck is well known in mining and
other circles on the Pacific Coast,
SENAIOR SHORTRIDGE.
Gilroy Gazette, September 17.
Those who have been here leveral years will
remember well one of the finest speeches de
livered dnring the campaign of '88 as that of
Samuel Shortridge. We learn that this gentle
man will speak in Gilroy during the present
campaign on the issues of the day. Mr. Short
ridge will, if the Republicans win, more than
likely be one.of the Senators from this State.
Oi his ability to perform the high duties of
such an office there can be no question, and as
to eloquent advocacy of measures for the cood
of our State and whole country, there would
be no voice in the Senate chamber more po
tent. Mr. Shortridge is a good silver man, bnt
thinks that for the raited States to adopt free
coinage without aid of any foreign nation
would be disastrous to the cause of bimetal
lism. In this the Gazette differs from Mr.
Shortridge, bnt in that only. On all other
points in politics our views coincide with his.
At any rate, if Mr. Shortridge comes nere to
speak, as we are assured he will, there will be
an intellectual treat lor our citizens.
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE.
LINCOLN ON THE SUPREME COURT.
Was Hi a Populist, a Bryan Democrat akd
an Ana_c_ißT All in One ?
Wditor San Francisco Call— Sik: Permit me to
say In a preliminary remark that letters are
beginning to pour in on me inquiring why I
am not writing for The Call, as usual, and
I dosire to say to my Populist friends that it is
wholly my fault. I have had so much com
mittee work to do besides attendtng to the
new duties I havo undertaken as an editorial
writer on the new PoDullst journal about to be
issued under the name of "The California^,"
that I have not had an hour I cou.d give to
writing a "letter" for The Call, but shall try
to be prompt hereafter.
Much has been said in Republican newspa
pers and by RepuDlican orators since General
Harrison made his great speech in New York
City, August 27, in Carnegie Hall, opening the
campaign in the East, as to' the dangerous and
revolutionary attitude of Mr. Bryan toward
the Supreme Court of the United States, and
as a p.ain Populist it seems to me that the
danger to American liberty and the constitu
tion of onr country lies iv the opposite direc
tion entirely. On that occasion General Har
r,ison said :
"The Supreme Conrt, the: most dignified
judicial t>ody In " the world, was ap
pointed to interpret the laws and the
constitution, and when that court pro
nounces a decree as to the power of
Congress, or as to any other constitutional
question, there is but one right method if we
disagree" — to amend the constitution. The
question at issue, the reader will remember, is
whether the Supreme Court had a right to de
clare the income tax unconstitutional; in
other words, whether the Supreme Court is a
co-ordinate branch of the Government, or the
supreme authority over all.
We have Harrison's view, and now let us
read what Lincoln said in his first inaugural
address on the limitation of the authority of
the Supreme Cou.t: "I do not forget the posi
tion assumed by some that constitutional
questions are to be decided by the Supreme
Court, nor do I deny that such decision must
bo binding to the partirs to the suit. • * •
If the policy of "the Government upon the
vital questions affecting the whole people is to
be irrevocably fixed by the decisions of the Su
preme Court the moment they are made, as in
ordinary cases between parties in personal
actions, the people will have ceased to be their
cwn roasters, having to that extent resigned
their Government into the hands of that emi
nent tribunal.' '
Which is right, Lincoln or Harrison ? If
Harrison and the McKinley Republicans are
right then Lincoln is dangerously and radi
cally wrong. I hold with Lincoln, and I can
distinctly remember that the same charge was
made against the early Republicans and abo
litionists becau-e of tneir attitude of avowed
antagonism to the dtcislon of the Su
preme Court in the famous Drod Scott
case, which was to the effect that "the
ncKro has no righu which the white man
is bound to respect." Of course that decision
was warmly defended by the slave power
which ruled the Nation and the Supreme
Court then just as the money power does now.
The same charges were made by the slave
power against Lincoln because he denounced
the Dred Scott decision as the money power
now makes against Bryan because he de
nounces the income tax decision. Lincoln was
then just as revolutionary as Bryan is now.
The Supreme Court was held just as infallible
by the slave power then as it is now by the
money power and Harrison.
The slave power then had its orators, its
newspapers and its Harrisons, who *ald of
Lincoln and the Republican party just what
Harrison said the other night in New York of
Bryan and the People's party. In solemn tones
they said, as Harrison says now: "You are to
answer then, my fellow-citizens, in all the
gravity of a great crisis whether you will sus
tain a party that proposes to destroy the bal
ance which our fathers instituted In our form
of government, and whenever a tumultuous
Congress docs not agree with the Supremo
Court and a subservient President," etc. Dear
me! dear me! Think of a "tumultuous Con
gress" of Populists and Bryan Democrats and
Silver Republicans, wich Bryan as "a subser
vient President" and weep fo"r your country.
Lincoln says that "if the policy of the Gov
ernment is to be fixed by the Supreme Court,"
in a word if Congress :s subjeot to the Supreme
Court, "the people will have ceased to be their
own masters," and this court will bjcome
their master in so far as they consent to the
subordination of their Congress, the law-mak
ing department of the Government, to this
non-elective, life-tenure, autocratic "Supreme"
Cuuru Harrison says that "'when that court
pronounces a decree as to the cowers of
congress or as to any oth«r constitutional
question," why that "decree" is to stand till
it can be changed by a constitutional amend
ment. Lincoln says that if the people allow
this court to fix the limit to those powers of
Congress they have ceased to bo their own
masters, etc., thereby implying Iv plain terms
that they, the people, must resist these en
croachments on their liberties or tlicy consent
to the mastery ol the Supreme Court.
But listen once more to General Harrison:
"I oannot exaggerate the gravity and the Im
portance and the danger of the assault upon
our constitutional lorm of Government,"
meaning thai if riryaa is elected these corpo
ratiou-lawyer Judges (with which the court
has been packed in recent years, a fact so no
torious as to be a public disgrace) will have
their infallibility annulled by the appoint
ment of additional judges who will not try to
subordinate Confess and will sustain the
rights of the pcodlc in their integrity. What
an assault— on the corporations and the usur
pations of that infallible courtl Think of a
"decree" of thai infallible court being reversed
in a few weeks in the income-tax case by a
'right-about-face' of one Judire, who thus saved
the millionaires about $50,000,000.
General Harrison then referred to an "Eag
lish friend's" criticism, but did it occur to
him to refer to the fact that an act oi Parlia
meut stands a_ law, and no "supreme" court
or tribunnl of any kind ever undertook to set it
aside, except one"— the people, when they repeal
it? The acts of Congress should stand lust the
same in the United states till a "decree" of
the people annuls them. That is not the prov
ince of the Supreme Court.
But I have passed my limits and will reserve
Other points for another time.
Joseph asbcrt Johnson.
San Francisco, Sept. 18. 1896.
CAMPAIGN ECHOES.
Mr. Bewail would be Tory much obliged if
Mr. Watson would quit shoving.— Washington
Star.
It is bad enough to give away our markets to
other countries without giving them our minta
also.— Kansas City Journal.
The Boy Orator will be in the enemy's coun
try until November 3, and then it won't mat
ter where he is.— New York Press.
Talking about Joint debates, one between
Bewail and Watson, with Bryan in the chair,
might prove interesting.— Utica Herald.
It mast be confessed that Chairman Jonea
did a good thing for his party when ho kept
Bryan out of Arkansas.— St. Louis Globe-Dom
ocrat.
When Candidate Bryan heard of the Ver
mont landslide he evidently was reminded of
the old saw, "Silence is golden," as he had
nuthln' to say.— Chicago Journal.
"I am a believer in free silver to this ex
tent," said the wayfarer.
"What?" asked the approached.
"I want 10 cents' worth of it for a drink,"
He got it.-rPhlladelphia North American.
Farsyte— l have already applied to Mr. Bryan
for the position of showcard writer at the Mint.
Wanterno — What nonsense.
Farsyte— Not at all; they'll want signs there
for their "marked-down dollar bargain days "
—Philadelphia Record.
If the elections to take place In every State
In the Union less than two montns from this
time were conducted as wag the election for
State officers in Arkansas yesterday, the death
knell of the republic would be sounded on the
3d of next November.— Brooklyn Standard-
Union.
"Hold on!" shouted the Bilverite; "I hare
listened to your side of the question for half
an hour, and now I want to tell you mine."
"Oh, I have no objections to considering
your views if you wish to express them to
me," replied the Goldbug, as he swung on
board a train for Chicaeo.— Buffalo Express.
All the Bryanites ever turned loose to inflict
their bowlings upon along-suffering onmmun
ity cannot arouse the American people to
class war. Theie are no classes save the
classes of the good and bad, and the million
aire who urges poor men to rend their more
comfortably situated neighbors is a dangerous
man, using a dangerous power for a bad end.
— St. Joseph (Mo.) Herald.
Mr. Uobart deals clearly with the tariff iit
uation. He calls a spade a spade, und there
fore holds the mistaken economic policy of the
Democratic party responsible for the treasury
deficit and the present depressed business con
dition of the Nation. The truth Is that had
there been no tariff disturbance there would
have been no free-coinage issue worth consid
ering, as the free-coinage agitation grew out
of the bard times caused by the tariff change.
—Philadelphia Press.
SUFFRAGE SHOULD BE RESTRICTED
RATHER THAN EXTENDED.
Fortunately for the fate of our democratic
institutions, the disbelief in universal suffrage,
which is so often brought forward as an argu
ment against woman suffrage, is not general.
As has been said over and over, we have never
had real universal suffrage, and until that has
been tried and found wanting there is no use
in talkint? about going back to an oligarchical,
not to say monarchical, form of government.
In the words of William Lloyd Garrison Jr.,
such an objection to woman suffrage "is im
pertinent aud irrelevant, not touching the
issue at all." Granting for argument's sake
that the suffrage should be restricted, the re
striction should apply to men and women
alike, and not act by shutting out an entire
class of citizens, irrespective of intelligence
and fitness for the fr-nclnse.
Such objectors seem to be fearful that a
large iu_ux ot women Voters would add
greatly to the illiterate vote. One would think
that illiterate women existed in hordes, far
outbalancing the educated women; but when
one tries to follow up this alleged amount of
illiteracy among women, and to find out where
it is located, the search proves to be strangely
elusive ; these ignorant ones always belong to
some other fellow's circle of acquaintance.
l'.ut is not the danger from illiteracy, and its
extent, greatly exaggerated?
According to the ia s t census there are, in
round numbers, 10,000,000 women in the
United States who have received an education
from being able to read and write to the high
est education obtainable, and 2,000,000 who
cannot read and write. Again, tne proportion
of illiterate men Is about tue same as of illit
erate women. Balance the male and female
illiterate vote with the total vote of the women
of the country and there will remain the
handsome number or 6,000,000 educated
votes to reinforce those of educated men.
la our own State women who cannot read
aud write the English language will not be
enfranchised, since an educational qualifica
tion to that extent Is now a part of onr state
constitution. We should expect to find the
greatest illiteracy among foreign immigrants,
but even were there 110 educational qualifica
tion the danger some fear on the tcore of the
illiterate foreign female population does not
cut much of a figure in our State. According
to the census 01 1890 there are 234,117 native
born women 20 years of age and over out of a
toial white female population amounting to
485,280, and 101,592 foreign-born women of
the same ace, and all of the latter are by no
means uneducated.
It is a generally known fact that more girls
than boys attend the higher schools of our
public system, and that the girl stays longer
at school than the boy; and as far as knowl
edge of the questions of political science is
concerned, Mrs. Ida A. Harper expresses what
will hardly be questioned in saving: "Without
any preparation it will be admitted that
women are as capable of casting an intelligent
ballot as the boys of 21 and the mass of newly
naturalized citizen*."
What really happens wherever woman suf
frage is gained is that the best and most rep
resentative women exhibit the greatest activ
ity in the formation of study clubs or civic
clubs, to prepare them for their duties as citi
zens. In thin connection Mrs. Helen Ecob says
of the Colorado women : "Realizing their igno
rance of civic duties, as soon as the right of
euffrnge was secured they began a careful
work 01 education. It is said tnat during tne
eight months after suffrage was granted more
books on political economy were sold than
during eight years previous. Lectures on
economics were giveu by the best speakers
who could be secured. The drawing-rooms of
representative women were transformed Into
lyceums for the discussion of civic duties.
• • • The study ot economics led to much
questioning of husbands and brothers at home,
and the disclosures compelled both men and
women to demand _ thorough renovation."
What is true of California la true every
where when women are treated as responsible
citizens. With such proof of capacity for self
improvement and such zeal, when a direct
interest in the Government is given women,
why longer sing the old song, "Women do
not know enough to Vote"? Besides, as George
W. Cable save, "Men are disposed to exagger
ate the difficulties of voting intelligently
when they talk of women voting. By the time
a public question is ready for the popular vote
it has become a very simple question that re
quires little more than honesty and common
sense to vote unon it."
We believe the possession and exercise of
suffrage an education in itself, and that this
Government cannot avoid decadence unless
all oi its citizens become educated up to its
needs through active participation in the elec
tion of the officers intrusted with its adminis
tration and have a lively interest in the prob
lems tnat confront it. We do not expect the
millennium Immediately, as dome of our op
ponents say of us, but we do believe that hope
for ultimate improvement in the condition of
things can only dawn when the thought and
experience of both men and women can be
nuited in a practical way. Our country has
progressed to the point where in every other
sphere men and women confer and act to
gether to their mutual benefit, and there is no
logical reason why progress along these lines
should stop Ht the threshold of political life.
Takiug up the subject as to whether univer
sal suffrage i 9 the best for our form of govern
ment, 1 will quote trom the younger Garrison,
who expresses clearly the prinerples upon
which the Republic was founded. Every one
must decide for himself whether the fathers
were wise or not in their generation. The
underlying principle of our greirt experiment
of self-government is that 'governments de
rive their just powers from the consent of the
governed,' which includes the humblest
member of society. Not from the consent of
the rich, of the educated, of the strongest, but
of the governed. It was a momentous ex
periment, based upon an abiding faith In
Human nature, a conviction that the average
wisdom oi all is safer than that of a portion,
however favored. It took into consideration
poverty and ignorance, trusting to the innate
desires of humanity for order and good gov
ernment. It was assumed that, although the
principle might be severely tested, as en
lightenment increased, fostered by popu
lar education, government would improve
and the responsibilities of the ballot have an
elevating effect. • • • Nor can the virtue
and intelligence of the country afford not to
have the unintelligent and poor send their
representatives to speak lor them. They are
the warning dial that indicates to all eyes the
magnitude of the degradation in our midst.
We cannot nfford to overlook or forget It. In
asmuch as the dial's hand shows its Increase
so much more has the alarm to be sounded
and regenerating influences set to work to
rescue society, which otherwise lulled in a
fancied security might awaken too late. Upon
the walls of our representative Government
let the whole Nation's figure be thrown and
the shadows be as prominent as the lights.
Republicanism can only bear the trial, bnt
cannot spure it. We are too far on the voyage
to put back. The ship has incurred its chief
dangers, because too many of its crew arc
kept under the hatches. Let them up into the
day. Welcome womau to the rights and
responuibilities of an untrammeled ballot.
Elizabkth Sabgent.
LADY'S WRAPPER WITH CIR
CULAR RUFFLE.
This neat wrapper is a very great favorite
for washable fabrics and wool or silk goods as
well. It has a fitted lining, the front hanging
loose from a yoke, which is edged with a ruffle
that may be omitWd. The back is graceful,
hanging loose In the Watteau effect.
A wrapper of yellow China silk had the ruffle
of white lace with a collar and bow of white
A challie with pale pink buds on a light
blue ground had a rnffle of pink chiffon side
pleated. The ruffles In both gowns just de
scribed were cut straight, three yards wide
and were gathered at the top.
A gown ot gray and blue striped flannel
had a circular ruffle like that shown in illus
tration of bluepeau desoie, with a collar to
match.
Ginghams, chambray prints, etc., are gener
ally made with a ruffle of the goods. A neat
vl 8n for tne ruffle 1s ft binding of warrow
ribbon to match. Both satin and moire of in
expensive quality can be used.with surprisinx
t7t 7 good results in laundering.
"AN HONEST, CLEAN, STRAIGHT,
FORWARD PAPER."
The San Francisco Wasp
The Call was tne object of a bitter attack by
the Examiner this week. Ostensibly silver
was the cause. In reality, circulation was the
reason Tub Call is steadily climbing up iv
popularity and cutting deep into the Examiner.
W_Y? Simply because it is an honest, clean,
straightforward paper, which avoids disgust
ing sensationalism and gives the news, the
whole news and nothing but the news in plain,
matter-of-fact and truthful style every day.
Such a policy Will win out every time, and
The Call is winning. Go into he public re
sorts ol the City and see how it is read and
called for.
NEWSPAPER PLEASANTRY
"Now, look here," said Tattered Thompson to
Weary Walker, who had become engaged in a
debate, "you labor under a wrong idea—"
"Don't insult me," interrupted Walker. "I'd
have you know I never labor."— Detroit Free
Press.
She— l don't see how you ever came to pro
pose to me in the first place, if I am so utterly
distastelul to you. I gave you no encourage
ment.
He— Oh, yes, you did. You turned the gas
down so low that I could not see your face.—
Indianapolis Journal.
Cholly— Oh, you ought to see Miss Gay. She's
great. She actually knocked me silly.
Kate — Nonsensel She didn't do anything of
the sort. Didn't I kuow you long before you
ever saw Miss Gay?— Boston Transcript.
"Profewor Mixem has acquired some reputa
tion as an independent tr.iuker, hasn't he?"
"Yes; he thinks independently of logic."—
Detroit News.
"I wish you would tell me," said the agent,
who had long been on Mr. Snaggs' trail,
"what is your insuperable objection to insur
ing your life?"
"I don't mind telling you," replied Snaggs.
'The idea of being more valuable after I am
dead than while I am alive is distasteful to
i_e."— Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph.
California glace fruits, 50c ib. Townsend'i*
» — ■» — •
E. H. BLack, painter, 120 Eddy street.
Sfectai Information dally to manufactar«r«,
business houses and public men by the I're.n
Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Montgomery. -
The Best Beer.
Ererard's Canada Malt Beer, Brerard's Eng
lish Alf-Alf. is the best malt production on
earth. Goldberg, Bowen _ Co., agents. *
She— Miss Homely makes herself ridiculous
by being so frightened every time there is a
thunderstorm.
He— Why so?
She — Because there has to be some attraction
even for lightning.— Detroit Free Press.
Are You Going —last
The Atlantic and Pacific Railroad— Snnta F«
route — Is the coolest and most comfortable sum
mer line, owing to Its elevation and absence from
alkali dust. I'artlcularly adapted for the trans
portation of families because Of Its palace draw
ing-room and modern upholstered tourist sleeping
can, which run daily through from Oakland to
Chicago, leaving at a seasonable hour and la
charge of attentive conductors ana porters. Saa
Francisco Ticket, office. 644 Market, street. Chron
icle building. Telephone, Main 153_ Oakland,
1118 Broadway.
Great Kock Island lioute Playine Cards
Bend 12 cents In stamps to John Sebastian, gen
eral passenger agent C. R. 1. and P. Railway,
Chicago, for the slickest pack of playing cardj
you ever handled, and on receipt of such remit
tance for one or more packs they will be sent you
postpaid.
Orders containing 60 cents In stamps or postal
note for same amount will secure 5 packs by ex
press, charges paid.
Dr. Sikgert's Angostura Hitters posses* an ex
quisite flavor and are a sure preventive for all
diseases of the digestive organs.
Whh your food has no relish the stomach
needs to be cleansed and strengthened by a dose
or two Of Ayer's Pills.
lr afflicted with sore eyes use Dr. Isaao Thomp
son's _yo Water. JOrugglsts sail It at 25 cent*
"Troubles never come singly," said the man
Who secured a divorce.
"What's the matter?"
"Oh, first I got clear of my first wife, and
then, like a darn fool, I married again."—
Philadelphia North American.
maw to-pat:
From U.S. Joxcrna I of MtiHcin*.
tt<q Prof.W. H. Peeke,
1 \_Jtiß- -^ who makes a special-
_H flC^ of Epi^psy, has
I II without doubt treat-
ML Ml i&hbJtd and cured more
cases than any living
/* Physician;
/ _J his success
I IEmOkMM is astonish-
heard of
cases of 20 years' standing- cured by
him. He publishes a valuable work
on this disease, which he sends
with a large bottle of his absolute
cure, free to any sufferer who may
send their P.O. and Express address.
We advise anyone wishing a cure
to address
> rof.W.H.PEEKE i F.D.,4 Cedar St., X.Y.
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