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VOLUME LXXXI.-NO. 38.
SCENE IN THE ASSEMBLY WHEN MEMBERS HAD THEIR FIRST OPPORTUNITY TO PRESENT BILLS.
PERKINS' SHIP IS WRECKED
Action of the Conference Not Bind
ing by Reason of a Lack
Treatment of Waymire by Perkins' Men Arouses
Indignation and May Cause Them the Loss
of the Alameda Delegation.
Strength of Samuel M. Shortridge Increasing With Every
New Development — Legislators Leaving the Standard
of the Incumbent for That of the
SACRAMENTO, Cal., Jan. 6.— Senator Perkins' political ship is fast break
ing to pieces on the rocks of defeat. This evening Attorney-General Fitzgerald
advised Judge Waymire that less than the number necessary to elect is not a
caucus and that those who attended the so-called caucus last night and those
who remained away were equally not bound. Judge Waymire thereupon de
clared that, in accordance with the advice of the Attorney-General, he would not
consider himself bound by the action of the fifty-nine persons present at the
so-called caucus and that he would not consider himself bound to vote for
At a late hour this evening he had taken under advisement the matter of
bis coming out as a candidate for the Scnatorship.
The friends of Samuel M. Shortridge are jubilant over the breaking up of
Perkins' forces^ They say that the defection of Judge Waymire will be followed
by the majority of the Alameda delegation and a number of others. The excite
ment here is at fever heat.
SACRAMENTO, Cal., Jan. 6— Three
men of striking personality sat this even
ing at a table in the Golden Eagie dining
room, and the crowd in the hotel office
stared and stared as the trio was seen to
be engaged in animated and earnest con
The men were making history and the
The San Francisco Call
actors were Attorney-General Fitzgerald,
Judge Way mire of Alameda and Senator
Morehouse of Santa Clara. Tney tallced
for nearly half an hour, the Attorney-
General gesticulating vigorously in that
positive way which characterizes him
when he speaks of anything which he con
siders of grave import.
SAN FRANCISCO, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 7, 1897.
At the end of the. interview Judge Way
; mire came out into the office and in
! formed a Call reporter that he had been
; advised by the Attorney-General that a
! caucus for United States Senator is a con
ference of a majority of the members 61
the Legislature, and that a conference of
i less than such majority is not a caucus,
j atid is binding neither upon those who
'attended nor those who remained away.
If, where a majority was sixty-one, sixty
memoers could constitute a caucus why
should not thirty, or ten, or even five call
a caucus and attempt to bind to its de
cision and its candidate all the rest.
The statement of the case alone is suffi
cient to prove its absurdity. Hence the
Attorney-General atvised him that he
was not bound by what was done last
nicht, even though he took part and voted
'•Taking the advice of Judge Fitzger
ald," said Jadge Waymire, "I do not con
sider myself bound by the caucus Oecause
there was not a majority of the Legisla
ture present. I will not be bound by it
and I will not be bound to vote for Mr.
Judge Waymire was tricked and in
sulted most shamefully lasc night. He
spoke of it without betraying much feel
ing, for the Judge b a cool-bended, pa
tient man, but he will remember tbs inci
dent for a long time.
"I dia not suggest the resolution recom
mending me for a Cabinet position," he
baid. "It was written at Colonel Jack
son's suggestion and in Colonel Jackson's
handwriting. He came to me, showed
me the resolution and remarked: 'Judge,
there is what we're going lo do for ycu.
Go into the caucus, and after we have
nominated a Senator we will pass this
The Judge went into the caucus, cast
his vote for George C. Perkins and retired
from the room. As soon as the door
closed upon him the resolution was read.
Some one raised'a roint of order and the
chair decided that the point was well
taken, to tne effect that the caucus had
b?eu called for the purpose of nominating
a United States Senator, and for no other
purpose. The resolution was rejected and
thus the trick became a matter of history.
Going over the pround of the Perkins
disaster, the following facts are found:
The adherents of Perkins said that they
would tiave enough votes to hold a caucus,
namely sixty-one, and that tney would
get them. When this was told to Samuel
M. Shortridge, he replied:
'Gentlemen, I venture to say that you
will not bold a caucus; I make bold to say
that you will not have sixty-one votes."
The result of the alleged caucus was a
vote of sixty, as claimed by tnero, and in
this was included a proxy. The gentle
men who manipulated the affair did not
seem to be aware that there could not be
a>ny such thing ss a proxy in a Legislature
caucus, no more than any Assemblyman
or a Senator could give his proxy to some
one to vote on a bill. Consequently, ad
mitting for tbe sake of the argument that
they had sixty votes, the friends of Sena
tor Perkins failed to hold a caucus because
they had less than a majority.
Following out to its logical conclusion
the claim of W. B. Hamilton that a caucus
was held, two members of the Legislature
couid £o into a room and nominate a Sena
Several persons signed the call through
misrepresentation. Assemblyman Pohl
man of San Francisco, for instance, signed
it with the urderstandinz that all the San
Francisco delegation had promised to sign
it. When he found that he had been
tricked, and that he was the only San
Franciscan on the list, he had the man
hood and the courage to withdraw his
name. The loss to Mr. Perkins of Judge
Waymire's vo'e will be increased proba
bly by the loss of the greater part of the
voles of the Alameda delegation.
In reply to the question as to what
effect the candidacy of Judge Waymire
would have upon hi» chances, Samuel M.
"If lam anything of a judge of those
SANTA CLARA COUNTY'S FAVORITE SON.
SAN JOSE, Cal., Jan. 6.— A special meeting of the Republican County Central Committee was held here to-day and the following resolution was adopted:
WHEREAS, The Hon. S. 31. Shortridge, a favorite son of Santa Clara Couny, is an aspirant for the high office of United States Senator to represent
the State of California, and
WHEREAS, We, the official representatives of the Republican party in Santa Clara County, do most earnestly indorse his candidacy; therefore be it
Hetolved, That we urge our Senators and Assemblymen to. use their best endeavors in bringing about the desired resnlt.
The resolution was signed by L. A. Sage, chairman; Dr. 11. C. Brown. W. J.Kirkpatrick, E. E. Chase and Lyman Bare.
The news that Samuel M. Shortridge's chances for election to the United States Senate are very bright has caused much interest and enthusiasm in Santa Clara
County, and many leading Republicans expressed theaselves as much pleased with the outlook.
0. A. Hale, a leading business man and prominent Republican, who was a delegate to the St Ixiuis convention, is a stanch supporter oi Samuel M. Shortridge.
"1 have known Samuel M. Shortridge for many years," be said last evening. "He possesses great ability and energy and would be just the man that California
needs in the United States Senate. The people of this county look upon him ns one of our own people, and I consider it the duty of the Santa Clara County delega
tion to render turn their loyal support. If the Legislature acts for the best interests of the whole State it will elect Mr. Shortridge to the United States Senate."
"The ability and energy of Mr. Shortridge is generally known and recognized," said A. Greeninger, ex-chairman of thn Board of Supervisors. "There is no doubt
that he would fill the office of United States Senator with great credit to the people of the State, and Qe should te elected."
"I regard Samuel M. Shortridge as one of the brightest and ablest Californians, and few if any have done mere for the advancement of Republicanism in this
State," said C. M. Wooster.
"The career of Samuel M. Shortridge has shown that he is a man of undoubted ability," said County Treasurer Joseph A. Lotz. "He has the interests of the State
&t heart and the Leg^lature would make a wise choice in electing him United States Senator."
"It cannot be denied that S. M. Shortridpe is by far the ablest man whose name has been presented for the office of United States Senator," said Under-Sherill
8. G. Benson. "His election would be a credit to the State and the delegation from Santa Clara County should be unwavering in his support,"
things, if Judee Waymire goes into this
fight my chances will b? vastly improved,
that is also the opinion of my friends and
supporters, because his vote is taken away
from Mr. Perkins."
Mr. Shortridge added that if Senator
Perkins should not be elected on the first
ballot next Tuesday, an adjournment
would be taken until noon of tbe next
Jay, when one ballet would be taken. If
there should still be no choice, another
adjournment would be taken, and so on,
the object of the law beihe to allow the
legislators plenty of time for deliberation.
NOT A VALID CAUCUS.
Attorney-General Fitzgerald Makes
a Statement Concerning: the
Meetinsr Tuesday Night.
SACRAMENTO, Cal., Jan. 6.—Attor
ney-General Fitzgerald made the follow
ing statement to a Call reporter at mid
"Last night on my arrival at the hotel
from my office I accidentally met Judge
Waymire. The conversation naturally
turned upon the caucus which had been
held in the evening, as I understood, for
the purpose of nominating a candidate for
Senator. The matter had been very gener
ally discussed among politicians as to
whether it was a valid caucus within its po
litical meaning. I said that I had neard the
argument advanced tnat it was not a valid
caucus, for the simple reason that the
nnmber of men assembled there were not
sufficient to .accompli-h tbe purpose for
which the caucus was called. In other
wor^s, It took sixty-one men to elect a
Senator, and it seemed to me from the
arguments advanced by the gentlemen
that it was a debatable question, but my
knowledge was not of such a character as
to justify me in giving an opinion uron it.
But whether the action of tae caucus was
binding was a matter entirely with the
men themselves. They would have to be
governed by their own opinions with refer
ence to it, I think I said that every man
was the keeper of his own conscience."
WAYMIRE NOT BOUND.
Released From All Obligations to
Perkins and Jackson by Th9lr
SACRAMENTO. Cal., Jan. 6.— Judge
Waymire was asked this evening whether
he would be a candidate for the United
States senatorship. He replied:
"I have not yet said that I would be a
candidate. A seat in tne United States
Senate is, of course, something no one
could lightly turn away, but I have no de
sire to enter into a hoDeless contest, and I
am wailing for some satisfactory evidence
that the contest would be successful. If I
determine to be a candidate I will make
the announcement in time. lam advised
by my friends that Senator Perkins' con
duct toward me has absolved me from all
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
obligations to him, and they contend that
the interests of the party require that he
should be defeated. My attention has
been called to a report of an interview
with Colonel Jackson in whicn he is
quoted as saying that '"Way mire wanted
to make a dicker; that the cau
cus should indorse him for a Cabinet
position, but Jackson says he declined to
have anything to do with an arrangement
of that kind.' lam surprised that Colonel
Jackson should make such a statement as
this. It is wholly untrue that I bad any
thing to do with the resolutions indorsing
''He showed me a document before I left
San Francisco containing an indorsement
of me for a Cabinet position, saying he in
tended to ask members of the Legislature
to sign it. Yesterday, some hours before
the caucus met, he showed me the resolu
tions subsequently offered to the caucus.
They were not suggested by me. They
j were in his own handwriting, and I ex
',pressed serious doubts as to the propriety
of the step, but subsequently I left the en
tire matter to Coionei Jackson and Fre
mont Older, by whose direction they were
presented to the caucus. The caucus de
clined to act on them for the reason that
it had not been called for that purpose. I
am informed that the objection was raised
by one of my own friends, and I think the
caucus acted wisely in declining to act
j upon them. All along I have entertained
1 the opinion that it is indelicate and im