VOLUME LXXXI.-NO. 145.
Troops of the Sultan Said
to Be Destitute and
KING GEORGE'S FORCES NOW
HOLD THEIR OWN.
Decided Check of the Onward March of the
Invading Moslem Hordes Followed by
a General Changing of Turkish
That something of importance has occurred on the Thessalian
frontier to check the advance of the Moslems upon Larissa is noted by
the recall of Edhem Pasha, commander-in-chief ,of the Turkish forces.
Osman Pasha has been ordered to succeed Edhem. Changes are also
reported among Turkish generals in Epirus.
Now the general political situation promises to attract more atten
tion than the actual military operations. Emperor William's recent
visit to Vienna is followed by a willingness on the part of Francis
Joseph to drop Italy from the triple alliance, if Russia is substituted.
Official reports relate the gallant defense of the bridge over the
river Arta by the Greek troops, who on the 20th inst. defeated the !
attacking Turkish forces, killed their commander and scattered them
over the plain beyond the river. Greeks are also holding their own in
From Constantinople comes the news that the Turkish fleet has
returned there. The vessels were unseaworthy and the commanders ■
were afraid to take any chances. Quite different are the reports con- i
cerning the Greek Western squadron. These modern warships are j
bombarding towns along the western Albanian coast, and soon a bom- i
bardment of Salonica is expected.
THEIR ADVANCE CHECKED.
Turks Have Not Yet Reached Lar-
Issa and May Not Arrive
There at A!!.
fCopyrljrbted 1897, By the New York Sun.]
LONDON, Esq., April 23.— The advance
of the Turks on Larissa has undoubtedly
been partially checked, but no news has
been received here which justifies or ex
plains the lecall of £<lhem Pasha, the
Turkish commander-in-cbief. The first
report that Osman Pasha had superseded
Edhem is not believed in London, for the
latter's march into Thessaly was regarded
ALEXANDER I, KING OF SERVIA, One ol the Monarchs Who Is Expected to
Aid Greece in the War With Turkey.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL.
at a triumphal one. Later accounts of J
tfaa gloomy feeling id Constantinople nave
created a belief that the Turks have suf
fered reverses which hay* not been re
ported to the outstde world.
The general political situation is begin
ning to attract more attention than tbe
military operations. The activity of Em
! peror William and the efforts of Bulgaria
'■ to put pressure on the Sultan are creatine
' uneasiness, but no serious fear is enter
tained yet that the war will become gen
| eral. London bases its confidence on
I such trifles as Salisbury remaining at the
SAN FRANCISCO, SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 24, 1897.
... The summit of Ml i * °". '' reached by two roads from Elassona. One climbs up from the west through Teharitchena, crosses the frontier at the very summit, then winds down on the east side around
the aid. of Vide ualoun*. to L B ari» through th. footb.ll. to Turnavo and on to Laris B a. The other road, leaving Elassona in a northeasterly direction, fellows the course of the Eiassonitko River up to the ba-. of
that ™ P :;*". ;s, o i? mJi m •.. I^^"«.^r^iionTh^s;" d " t ihe Bame time> aß9aaltin * in Iront by tbe main road - and in flank by the rM « <°"- " w -- -« °° ** «™»* «■
--l.th. In the "*ht foreground ! o n ','' c picture is a Greek battery striving to make the best of a bad position. ,In the distance to the left am tb. Turkish batteries on th. rid road. .In th. middle, along the highway,
H.h^ d.«i*.^li7^ujr y " T " ' Cl ° re '" draW " bj •mm iT ° m ' BketCh Sis! i Ban Fr " cisCO Wh ° is ,h o ro» s b 1? familiar with the ground and has carefully followed all the pu^
Riviera and the steadiness of the markets.
On the other band there are some dis
turbing symptoms. It is clear ibe recent
visit of Emperor William to Vienna is of
the highest significance. It is practically
admitted that be incited the Sultan to
war, and the question now is whether he
secretly desires it to spread. Bulgaria did
not threaten the Sultan until Ferdinand,
the ruler of that country, consulted Wil
liam, and it is now presumed the latter is
seeking to bring Austria and Russia into
It is reported in Vienna that Francis
Joseph is willing to drop Italy from the
Triple Alliance if Russia is substituted.
THE FIGHT IN MILOUNA PASS.
The latest Paris advices indicate that
France is uecotning so restive on accoui.t
of tba«e maneuvers that the Cabinet
would be in great danger if the Chamber
of Deputies were in session. It will proba
bly be found that Salisbury will be ready
to take full advantage of the latter situa
tion the moment the relations of Franc?
and Russia become strained. In the
meantime the prospect is diminishing of
a quick sweeping victory by the Turks
over the Greeks.
The Turkish navy has utterly collapsed
as was expected it would do. Every day
the Greek* can hold the enemy in check
in Thessaly their chance of gaining their
object increases. Still it is impossible to
judge accurately of the situation on the
frontier, but the dispatches from both
sides indicate that the Greek fortures have
HOLDING THEIR OWN.
Advices From Athens Show That
the Greeks Have Dealt Severe
Blows to the Turks.
LONDON, Eire., April 23.— A dispatch
to tne Cbroniclo from Athens states that
the Greeks are holding iheir own in Thes
saly. The Turks do not possess any
Greek territory. Nothing can prevent
the victorious Greek fleet from rencning
Balonicaand Smyrna. Everything is go
ing well financially. Subscriptions from
Greeks abroad are pouring in and the
value of paper money has risen materially.
The dispatch adds the wounded troops
from Gritzovali declare when the Greeks
began to retreat from that place at night
fall and several of their wounded were
left behind the Turks shut these in a
small church, which they then set afire.
All were burned to death.
Crown Princs Constantino telegraphed
"The Turks are quiet to-day owing to
our success- yesterday. We have destroyed
the Turkish battery at Ligaria. The
Turks have retired from Nezeros and
Rapsani. I was in the firat line of fire
A dispatch to the Times from Kalam
baka dated to-day says: "There was fight
ing at midday yesterday at Ssproklisaia,
westward of here, where the Greeks on
Tuesday burned the Turkish blockhouse.
The TurJts afterward made rifle pits. The
engagement resulted in a Greek victory.
The Turkish loss must have been consid
erable, nine shells having bum in the
rifle pits and several over them."
The Daily News has a dispatch from
Salon ica dated yesterday saying it is
reported the Turkish forces have sustained
severe reverses and have been repulsed all
along the line. Their losses are said to
have been heavy.
Radically contradictory dispatches to
the Times dated Milouna this morning
aay the Turks continued yesterday and to
day to advance through the plain of
Larissa. The Greeks are avoiding a
general engagement and are gradually
retiring. Edhem Pasha, the correspond
ent declared, was pursuing a cautious
The Athens correspondent of the Man
chester Guardian oars King George will
appeal soon to the Greeks throughout the
world to assist the country with men and
' money. j
The Chronicle has started a fund for tbe
relief of the Greek wounded. A commit
tee has been formed to administer the
fund which includes Lady Dilke, Lady
Henry Somerset, Mrs. Gladstone, Mrs.
Asquithand Mrs. Labouehere.
IN DESPERATE STRAITS.
The Army In Thessaly Need Sup
plies, and Forces In Epirus
ATHENS, Greece, April 23.— A decree
was issued by the King to-night summon
ing the two classes of the National Guard
for active service.
Late dispatches from Larissa say the
Turks have burned the villages of Karayo
land of Moralaria and part of Igaria, in
Dispatches from Epirus say the Turks
in that province are panic stricken and,
instead of remaining to defend their posi
tions, flee in terror as the Greeks ap
proach. Many cannon and quantities of
ammunition and an abundance of booty
are said to have fallen into the hands of
the invaders. It is learned the position of
the army oi Edhem Pasha is desperate.
Supplies of all kinds are needed.
Appeals for re-enforcements are due to
serious losses the Turks sustained. At
Reveni and Boughazi whole battalions of
Turkish troops were decimated.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey, April 23.
Edbem Pasha has telegraphed from the
front that the Greeks are making only a
feeble defense to Larissa. He says the
Turks are advancing very cautiously, be
lieving the Greeks have planted dynamite
mines in the outskirts of the city.
OSMAN IN COMMAND.
By Palacs Intrigue Edhem Pasha,
the Leader of the Turkish
Forces. Is Recalled.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Tttrket, April
23. — Osman Pasha has been aisigned to
command the Turkish troops before La
ritsa. Edhem Pasha, Commander-in
chief of the Turkisii forces, with head
quarters at Elassona, haa been recalled.
It ia said thai Eddin Pasha has also been
appointed to command the Turcisu troops
at Janina, in Epirus, replacing Ahmed
Hafiz Pasha. The palace intriguers are
again on the move and it is possible they
may have caused the recall of Edhem
Pasha, although it seems clearly suicidal
to stop in the development of his plan of
Osman Pasha left Constantinople for the
front to-night. The Sultan has conferred
the fullest power* upon Osman and as
sured him he will not be fettered by pal
ace intriguers. Edbem Pasha has been
appointed adjutant-general to the Sultan.
LONDON, Eng., April 23.— A dispatch
to the Times from Constantinople states
that Osman Pasha will have the supreme
command of ail the Turkish forces.
El hero Pasha will remain commander of
the Army of the East. It is said Eddin
Pasha will command the Army of the
AT THE ARTA BRIDGE.
Valor of the Creeks, Who Routed
the Turks and Pursued Them
Beyond the River.
ATHENS, Grekck, April 23.— Official re
port! of the defense made April 20 by the
Greeks on tlie bridge over the river Ana,
which divides Greece from Turkey, show
i they conducted themselves with tbe (
I greatest valor. Three times the enemy
advanced to the bridge, only to meet a
murderous lira. The Turks did not get
farther than the center of the bridge, at
which powit their commander was shot
In the afternoon the Turks made an
other assault, but the Greeks were then
sheltered la the trenches ana repulsed
them. The Greeks crossed the river near
Koniena, three miles from its mouth,
where the current is rapid and the water
deep. They nailed planks across barrels
and threw them overboard, forming an
excellent bridge. Arriving on the other
side, they found tLe Turks some distance
from the river entrenched upon the plain.
The Greeks shelled the Turks out. The
Turks retreated and formed in several j
other positions, but were invariably dis
Stories of Mussulman atrocities are cur
reni in Arta. One eye-witnebs says a j
number of Christian women, captives of \
the Turks, were marched in front of the!
Turkish lines in the hope their country
men would not tire.
NOT FIT FOR SERVICE.
Return of the Turkish Fleet Ba
cause the Captains Ware Afraid
to Go to Sea.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey, April 23.
The captains of the vessels comprising
the Turkish fleet in the Dardanelles have
presented to the Navy Department a rouud
robin declaring that they are convinced of
the uu fitness of ail the ships for active
service, and in consequence the vessels
were ordered to return to Constantinople
singly in order that it might not attract
public attention. This order has been
Cruise of the Creek Squadron Along
the Albanian Coast on the
Way to Salonlca.
ATHENS, Greece, April 23.— The Greek
Western squadron, consisting of a cruiser
and three gunboats, left Corfu, bound
northward, with orders to bombard the
Albanian coast towns as far as Aolona,
the principal port on the west coast of
Albania, having 6000 inhabitants.
The fleet has already bombarded the
town of Agioi Saranta. AH the buildings
were destroyed, excepting the Austrian
A (f.ispatch from the commander of a
Greek ironclad, in the squadron in the
Gulf of Salonica, says the warships have
captured the town of Katerina. The
Greeks destroyed large quantities of sup
plies destined for Elassona, Upon re
turning to Flatomona the squadron
shelled the town of Litokharion. The
Turks detached a force of 8000 to prevent
the Greeks from landing. The squadron
also captured three Turkish vessels laden
LONDON, Eng., April 23.— The Daily
News correspondent in Salouica says il is
reported the Greek squadron is outside in
the k vi lf, but i: cannot be authenticated.
It is believed, however, the Greek Eastern
tquadron is under orders to attack Sa
ONLY A RELIGIOUS WAR.
Already Egypt Is Contributing, and
the Mecca Appeals to India
to Aid the Sultan.
LONDON, Ekg., April 23.— The Con
stantinople correspondent of the Speaker,
who is high in authority on the subject.
and cognizant of the inside workings at
embassies, writing on April 19, says:
"If there i> war to-day in Thessaly it is
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
. simply because the concert of Europe have
taken sides with Turkey and E.ven the
Sultan to understand be can hare as free
a hand in Greece as Armenia. The Sultan
was not much inclined to t:ike chances of
war, and it is believed bere lha: Germany
influenced him to take the final steo.
\ Other powers advised peace, bin assured
i him Europe would not intervene in aid of
Greece. Even now the war might be
stopped, but no power honestly wishes it
"Salisbury preferred to let things drift,
with ihevaguo idea that war would be
better than nothing and something would
come which would end the long and
wearisome period of fruitless negotia
tions. He hoped the Turns might pos
sibly be beaten and the Sultan be beaten
into submission, and that «yon if Victori
ous he would come out of the war in a
condition of helpless bankruptcy, too
weak to resist the powers.
"The Turkish armies ought to be in
Athens within a month. For the Turks
this is strictly a religious war. They are
full of fanaticism and drunk with tn*
blood of Armenians. The idea that the
Sultan, even if he should be victorious,
will come out of the war rather than abdi
cate comes from a mistaken view of his
character and policy. It does not follow
from his fear of assassination and appar
ent vacillation in dealing witu Embassa
dors that he is a weak man without a
fixed policy. On the contrary, he it a
very strong man, with the indomitable
purpose to restore the power and glory of
the Caliphat. The success of this war
will mat • him more defiant than ever.
It will arouse the courage and fanaticism
of Moslems throughout the world. Al
ready Egypt is contributing for the war
against the infidel, and the Mecca has ap
pealed to India to come to the Sultan's
The Speaker Will Not Let Maglur*
Present Resolutions Expressing
Sympathy for Greece.
WASHINGTON, D. C, April 23.-
Speaker Reed refused to-day to permit
the resolutions presented by Representa
tive Maguire, extending sympathy to the
Greeks, to come before the House. The
Californian, to secure immediate action,
asked Reed to recognize him for unani
mous consent to take up the resolutions.
"1 cannot assume the responsibility of
permittins these resolutions to come up,"
replied Reed. "They meddle in affairs
that do not belong to us. This country
got one severe slap from Bismarck tor
meddling, and I do not propose to lay it
open to a second."
Maguire was hnally compelled to intro
duce the resolutions in the regular way,
which means the shelving of them until
the Committee on Foreign Affairs is ap
Are thfl Powers Allies?
LONDON, Eng., Apxil 23.— A dispatch
from Canea says a Greek officer to-day
brought a dispatch from Colonel Vatsos,
commander of the Greek army occupying
the island, addressed to the admirals of
the foreign fleets inquiring whether the
Dowers were allies of Turkey. Vassos add
ed that he had received orders to attack
the Ottoman troors in the island. What
reply the admirals made is not known.
Wou'd Not Stop a Yankee.
LONDON, Eng., April 23.— Gladstone,
in conversation with a cal.er yesterday on
the Eastern situation, said he hoped some
Yankee skipper would run a cargo into •
Cretan port. lie imagined, he said, the
blockading squadron in Cretan waters
would not dare to atop him.
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