Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME LXXXI.-NO. 147.
TO MAKE THE
Now the Vanquished Army
of King George Will
Battle at Pharsala-
IT WILL BE A TERRIFIC FIGHT
TO THE DEATH.
Reports That the Turkish Hosts Will Not
Pursue the Greeks Beyond Larissa.
England Urges the Powers to
Save the Hellenes.
ATHENS, GREECE, April 25.— The Government has decided to
persevere in the struggle and resist the further advance of the Turkish
army with increased energy. A new line of defense stronger than
that on the frontier will be established. The British and French Con
suls at Volo have telegraphed to the British and French Ministers here
asking that warships be sent to Volo. In view of the possible Turkish
advance the Ministers have in consequence asked instructions from
their Governments and notified British and French Admirals at Canea
of the request.
POWERS ARE READY TO INTERVENE.
LONDON, ENG., April 25.— 1t is reported to-night that the British
Foreign Office has been busily communicating with all the other
members of the European concert since yesterday afternoon, suggest
ing that the time for intervention is at hand. It is said the German,
French and Italian governments have already intimated a willingness
to intervene, Germany insisting, however, on a pledge from Greece
that she will hereafter obey the mandate of the powers. The British
officials are sanguine that Greece will comply, insuring a complete
understanding this week. Henry Norman telegraphs from Athens:
"King George means to go to the front and make a decided stand at
OVERWHELMED BY FORCE.
Deeds of Valor Performed by the
Greeks as They Fell Back
LONDON", Emj.. Aprii 25.— The Athens
correspondent of the Daily Mail gives
further details of the battle of Mati. He
ears that after performing prodiaies of
valor the Greeks were slowly lorced back
by overwhelming numbers. Their spirit
was unbroken. They shouted as they
■were driven back: ; 'Hurrab! hurrah!
"War to the doath !" When the history of
the campaign shall be written nothing in
it will be more splendid than the deeds of
the rear guards. They sacrificed them
GENERAL SMOLENTZ, THE HERO OF REVENI.
General Smolentz was, at the beginning of hostilities, the Grecian Minister of
War, but resigned his portfolio for the more active duty of the field. He was placed
in command of a division of Prince Constantine's army, consisting of 14,000 men and
charged with the duty of defending Ileveni Pa j s, three miles due west of Turnavo
How that duty was performed is attested by the eallant conduct of the jreneral and
the men under him in the battle at Ibat place on the 21st inst., when they fought for
nine hours and finally beat back a Turkish column of 30,000 men, directed by Edhem
Pasha in person, and came very near capturing that commander.
General Smolentz is a native of Greece, ami is 45 years of ace. His youth was
spent in the schools of Athens, and he afterward continued his studies in the higher
institutions of Central Europe. He entered the Greek army on his return to Athens
and was made captain of artillery, was later promoted to a colonelcy and then called to
a seat in Premier Deiyannis' Cabinet. Though he learned the art of war in the mili
jary schools, his genius for fighting was drunk in with his mother's ruilK and In tne
air of his native hills.
selves like heroes as they siowly and
mournfully fell back. The correspondent
adds that alarm and consternation pre
vail in Athens. The people meet on the
j street and sob as they discuts the news.
' The whole city is in mourning.
ATHENS, Greece. April 25.— The Greek
army which on Friday nieht began the
retreat from Larissa has been reformed on
the second line of defense at Pharsaia,
i about twenty-five miles south of the oid
[ headquarters at Larissa.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey, April
25. — The Sultan is so pleased with the suc
i cess of Edhem Pasha that he has be?towed
j nnon him the Nicnan-I-Imtiaz (Order of
SAX FRANCISCO, MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 26, 1897.
PHARSALA AND ITS CITADEL.
The town of Pharsala to whi«-.h the Greek army has retreated from Larissa is situated about twents'-rive miles south of that city on the south side of the Pharalitis
or Aikli River op the high road to Athens. It lies at the eastern beginning of the Thessalian Plain, which follows the windings of the rivers to the west around by Kar
ditza and Trikkala, and thence east aeain to Larissa and just at the north foot of a spur of the Khassiaaiari Mountains, 3370 feet high.
In the foreground of the picture is a part of the Greek army coming in on the road from Larissa, which turns to the rkht around the slight rise of the plain to the
bridge over tlie Pharalitis, which stream, though nearly dry in summer, is at this season of the year nearly bank full. To the right is the Varousi-Machalis, or Greek
quarter of the city. \Vhen under the Turks this contains a Metropolitan Church and the residence of the archbishop. In the center and to the right i 3 the quarter
formerly occupied exclusively by the Turkish population. In the rear is the Acropolis, 860 feet high, with steep sides and frowning precipices. The citadel, which
crowns it, was first built in ancient times, and then rebuilt in the middle aces. From this point the eye can reach Motora on the extreme west of the plain, Olympus to
the northeast and the intermediate stretch of hilis, Ossa to the nor-.neast, and Pelion and Mavro-Vuni to the eait, while to the south ridges and spurs of Khassiadiari,
through which winds the roart to Athens, cuts off the views of the great Arthys range, lately tne northern frontier of Greece. Two miles north of the town is the station
of the railroad from Volo to Trikkala and Kalabafc, which from here follows the river along the level plain. Pharsala had in 1890 some 2500 people, half of whom were
Turks. Since the building of the road many of these latter have left, but their places have been filled by Greets and the town has grown. Many of its buildings are of
grea: ace, but tbe town is being practically rebuilt.
Pbarsala first comes into historical mentioi: at the time of tbe Persian invasion as a wealthy and populous city, and figures notably afterward, but is most famous
as being near the great field on which Cjesar ana Pompey fought for and won and lost tne empire of the known world 48 B. C.
WASHINGTON, I). Q, April 25.— The
Turkish Minister to-nigh received the
following cablegram from his Govern
"Larissa has been occupied to-day by
the cavalry of the Ottoman army. The
Hellenic troops fled in great disorder,
abandoning huge quantities of arms and
ammunition. Tne Turkish trcop3 took
Turnavo with great quantities of arms,
ammunition, cannon and provisions. The
Helien;c soldiers who were made prisoners
were sent to Eiassona. Turnavo has been
surrounded by a military ring. The Turk
ic patrol is moving around constantly,
and taking sufficient measures to prevent
SET FIRE TO LARISSA.
I Cmeks Destroyed the Turkish
Quarter Before Evacuating the
LONDON, Eng., April 25.— A dispatch
to tbe Daily Telegraph from Eiassona
states that heavy smoke can be seen over
Larlisa, and it is reported tbe Greeks,
prior to their evacuation, set fire to the
An Athens dispatch says that before the
Greeks retired from Lanssa i hey destroyed
the bridge spanning the Peneios JLiver and
cut the railway to Volo. Everything at
the battle of Mati was against the Greeks.
They were in an exposed position; their
numbers were far less than those of tho
Turks and they bad undergone terrible fa
tigues and hardships. It is also reported
tbev suffered trom a lack of ammunition.
According to trustworthy accounts by
foreiE" witnesses of the retreat from Lar
isßi 4000 women and children were Jeft
behind, many vainly endeavoring to de
part by train. It is stated that five Italian
volunteers forcibly entered a train, where
upon the crowd fired upon them. The
Italians returned the fire.
The correspondent records interviews
with several members of the Chamber of
Deputies, from which he deduces the days
of the Cabinet are numbered. There is
also irritation aeainst tbe King, some per
sons declaring that war is a mere stalking
horse to cover the dynastic interests. The
position of the royal family, he adds, is
A royal proclamation is hourly expected.
The ministers went to the palace to-day
and demanded that an immediate change
be made in the command of the army.
The excitement increases.
No estimates of the killed and wounded
has yet been published, but Rail), leader
of the opposition, who is with the army,
describes the losses as very considerable,
lie adds the majority of the officers In tbe
foremost line were killed or wounded.
There was a panic at Piraeus, the port
of Athens, Saturday. The public had a
misunderstanding that tb* Consuls at
Volo had telegraphed to their respective
Ministers here for steamers to transport
Europeans from the city. The tocsin was
sounded, and it was with mucti difficulty
the fears of the inhabitants were calmed.
They thought an attack was to be made
upon the port by foreign warships.
VALOR OF THE GREEKS.
One Thousand Repulsed S!x Thou-
sand Turks at Pentepigadia
LONDON, E>o., April 25.— A dispatch
to the Daily News from Arta, giving de
tails of the fighting at Pentepigad'a,
northwest of Arta, says Major Comoun
dorous, the Greek commander, was sur
prised and attacked Friday almost as soon
as he occupied the Turkish fort at the out
let of Pentepigadia Pas«. The Turks
numbered 6000, while the Greek force was
only 1000. The latter w&s without artil
lery, and wearied from marching two
nights and a day. Nevertheless the fight
ing ws« severe for eleven hours. The
Turks charged three times, but each time
were repulsed at the point of the bayonet.
The ammunition of the Greeks was finally
exhausted, and they were compelled to
retire, losing 150 killed.
Captain Bolomos, after a great fight, was
surrounded by the Turks, but refused to
surrender wben called upou to do so. He
killed many of the enemy, who pressed
COLONEL MANOS OF THE GREEK ARMY.
He is the commander of the Greek column which pushed across the frontier at
Syrafcu, on the Arta River, just below Mount Zygas, ana is advancing toward Janina
These troops were last heard from at Pentipighadia, on the highway from Aria to
Janina, and are probably now r«ry near the latter city.
i upon him on all sides, and then blew out
his brains to avoid capture. The re
mainder of the battalion returned to
Filippiada. The Turks, after killing and
mutilating the Greek wounded, retired to
Clement Harris, an English volunteer
serving with the Greek*, was killed. It is
believed he was a son of Admiral Harris,
commanding the British Cretan fleet.
Three Greek battalions, with a battery
of artiliery.reoccupied Pentepigadia Satur
day morninp. The Turks have aban
doned Kaletzia. There is a report that
a white flag has been hoisted at Preveza,
but this is doubtful, although the place is
still blockaded by the Greeks.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Turk ey. April
25.— The Sultan's Albanian Guards
failed to raise the usual cheer as the
Sultan passed to the Mosque Friday. An
inquiry elicited the information that the
troops did not think it right to raise joy
ful cries while their brothers were tight
ing on the frontier. The incident made a
bad impression on the Sultan. Subse
quently 2000 Albanians were dispatched
to the frontier v.itU Oman Pasha.
CANE A, Crkte, April 25.— The French
cruiser Bugeaud, one of the international
fleet on duty here, has gone to Salonica to
protect French interests'.
WILL GREECE WEAKEN?
Can Save Further Bloodshed by
Invoking the Intervention Eu
rope Is Ready to Afford.
LONDON, Exg., April 25.— Kritire, the
last position occupied by the Greeks on
the heights of Milouna Pass, was captured
by the Turfcs by a dexterous Hank move
ment. Tim place was defended by strong
earthworks. A dispatch from Volo an
nounces the place fell into the hands of
Moslems Saturday morning.
The Athena correspondent of the Morn-
Ing Post says during the retreat from
Lariisa Friday night there was a terrible
panic among tlie fleeing populace. Tb.B
Turkish cavalry was close behind the flee
ing army, and us<ed rifles, sabers and re
volvers indiscriminately, killing many.
In an editorial to-morrow the Times
will ask: "Will the Greeks recognize an
unalterable truth and save further bloou
shed by invoking the intervention which
Europe is so anxious to afford whenever a
demand is made? They have indicated
in a most ample manner their honor in
arms by magnificent courage and endur
ance. What ODject do they hope to gain
by prolonging the contest, which seems
destined to go decisively apainst them?
Common sense ought to induce them to
seek the ofnees of those who are prepared
to nave them from the worst consequences
of their errors. If they are hanging back
hoping their feelings will bo saved by a
spontaneous proffer of mediation, they
are suffering uader a serious misappre
hension. It is not possible for a concert
of Europe to proffer service until asked to
or until the defeat of oue side is patent.
When the powers do intervene they will
endeavor, as Greece knows, to obtain for
her the best terms compatible with the
position in which she stands. Naturally
the conditions are not so favorable after
fresh defeats as before the invaders make
CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey, April
25.— At a Council at Yild>z Kiosk to-day
it was decided to grant three of the berats
demanded by Bulgaria for bishops in
Macedonia. This is a partial fulfillment
of promises made by the Porte, which
have been persistently evaded Tor months.
Coincidentally the Servian Minister has
obtained an irade recalling Ambrosius, the
Greek bishop at Uskub, in favor of the
Servian prelates. In view of the insepara
bility of these questions from Balkan poli
tics, the incidents are of material import
A large number of the Greek wounded
who were at Larissa upon the evacuation,
were taken from the city urjder a flag of
the Red Cross Society.
RUSSIA AND AUSTRIA.
They Are Said to Have Reached an
Agreement Concerning: Turkey
Favorable to Themselves.
NEW YORK, N. V., April 25.-The
Journal's London- Berlin dispatch says the
Ta<;eblatt wili to-morrow say Russia and
Austria have reached a definite agreement
concerning Tumey. By t' is agreement
the Sultan must renounce Crete. The Czar
will be given a coaling station at Suda
Bay in that island, and in return Russia
will guarantee the integrity of the Otto
By this Russia will gain command of
Ctmtinucd on iieconU fayc
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Engagements j n Which
the Insurgents Are
GUERRILLA TACTICS OF
Troops Divided Up Into Small
Bands to Harass the
WEYLER'S LYING REPORTS AS
Spain In Such Sorm Straits for
Money That the War Must Soon
HAVANA, Ccba. April 25.— The war is
waging fiercely in Santa Clara province.
Near Remedies an engagement is re
rorted between Gomez and the Spanish
column of General Ruiz, lasting several
hours. The Cuban commander used
guerrilla tactics, showing the admirable
training of his troops. The Cubans separ
ated into small bands at a given order
from Gomez, harrassine the Spanish on
Then they came together in large bodies
for cavalry attacks upon the Spaniards at
soon as Ruiz's column began 10 march.
The Spanish were greatly fatigued by
these tactics and theirj artillery was ren
dered useless. They entered Remedioi
worn out, leaving 150 dead along the line
of march. The Cuban losses were almost
In the bills of La Siguanea another
hard fieht is reported between the Cubans
led by Generals Quintin Banderaa and
Roban, and the combined forces of Gen
erals Montaner and Aldave. Banderas
fonght bravely, ordering the men to
charge with machetes. A hand-to-hand
fight ensued, in which the Spaniards were
obliged to retire, both sides suffering
heavy looses. General Kobau, after the
engagement, pursued the column of Gen
eral Aldave to Sancti - Spiritus and
harassed it all day, killing more than a
In all Santa Clara the revolution is as
strong as ever, ana Weyler's report that
he has pacified the province is unfounded.
In a few days Estrada Palma, Cuuan dele
gate at New York, will receive a letter
from Colonel Nestor Aranguren, saving
the Cuban army in Havana province, with
recent re-enforcements and supplies, can
keep 30,000 Spanish regulars busy.
The Spaniards here insist that Palma
has received formal warning from McKin
ley not to violate the neutrality laws of
the United States, and now the same
statement is made on no less authority
than Senor Canovas himself.
According to La Lncba, an important
political person in the United States had
a lone interview with Palma, in which the
latter protested against any unlawful
pressura upon him and Americans and
Cubans who are aiding revolution by legal
means, but he promised at the name time
to respect the neutrality laws.
Canovas is reported as saying he is Tery
mucn pleased by the evidence of sincere
( \_w A Wg factory waj
|L-^^y/ brought to a stand-
\\ jJ-/i^s. still the other day
\\ /E*t 7 or want of a com '
\^A/ \Wmon shingle -nail.
trouble was a
/\\ // i/>i) m y ster y at firs*-
/i\jV-7/-Y-C^Even the boss me-
P\IYV 1 chanic could'nt tell
yz3f aC -jl what was the mat-
y//^ggß«jtt|/ ter. They sent for
? J ~-Jcfj BSfl a high-priced ex-
I 1 I^^Euß pert who charged
IV — EsFSlSg^ ten dollars an hour.
Ai—flsiJKSi All he said was :
itißMHfflrA "Gimme a nail."
11 j£sl m\\ He drove it n the
I I t-^3§»-ft§-M right place and in
\\^^T§g — n two minutes the
i \\ hS — M whole factory was
U linl g° in & again.
1 \ Jffj_ \ \ That's the way
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