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HE IS CRUSHED BENEATH A MASS OF EVIDENCE
"Senator Perkins Erroneously Declared That "The Call" Was
HAWAJIA S PKOBI I M .
Mr. Thornton says that under a protec
torate the United State* will -assume t!;e
responsibilities incident, to ownership
without the powe/ of control," and that
Hawaii would still continue to remain
"an incubator of international friction."
As to the first of these two assumptions
we should say that the American people
aie quite prepared to permit the control
of. Hawaii to rest in the hands of those
\vho are now governing the country.
There is no reason for interfering with
them, for they appear to be able to carry
on theuiff:iirs of the island in an eminently
satisfactory manner; We could not. lo£i-
THE INDIANAPOLIS NEWS.
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1897.
ANNEXATION POSITIVELY DANGEROUS.
hen we siy 'hat the chances forcurrency reform at the approaching
se^iun of Congress are slight, we do not at ah mean that the advocaies
of reform shoul l give un the Behi lor it. And so when we are compelled
to admit sorrowfully that the chances for the ratification of the Hawaiian
annexation treaty are excellent, we would not have the opp nentsof that
treaty cea«e their struggle against it. Rather should they redouble their
efforts. In t 'is connection we would eal! attention to the plank in the
Republican national platform of las: year. It went pretty far, but itd.d
Dot demand annexation:
"The Hawaiian Islands should be controlled by the United States,
and no fore.gn jowershou'd be permitted to interfere with them."
Was the convention afraid to use the word annexation, or did it
beiieve that annexation would be unwise? Certainly the islands can be
"controllevi" by the United States without annexing ttiem. Indeed, t!iey
are virtually controlled by the United States now. The present govern
ment was made possible by the active assistance of a Uniied Stales Min
ister, back-e.i by United States marines. There is nothing that the present
Hawaiian Government wo;ild not do to please this country. The predom
inant influence in the islan is is American. No foreign nation is inter
fering: wiili Hawaii, or th'ea;ening to interfere with it. Japan, of whom
our jingos were in .'■ucn tprror, has express-ly disavowed r.nv intention of
inter er'.ng with the islands. There is not a nation in the world that
woula do anything in Hawaii that it tnoueht would displease the Unite 1
State?. Our interests are entirely safe, and they are known to b; bo. In
a word, we h:ive aii the control we need or ought lo w- nt.
Yet the campaign for annexation goes on apace. Tue President favors
the policy, and it is said that two-thirds of the Senate will vote for the
treaty. Of course, parties may go beyond their platlorms in ?ome matters
and fail snort of them in others, and we do not mean to insist that the
Repub.ican platform commits the party against annexation. Indeed.it
may even be adrui ted that the plank may, by a not extravagant construc
tion, be made to read as a declaration in favor of annexation. But the
point i 3 that the party is not bound by its platform to lake this dangerous
step. When an utterance can be consfuel in either of two ways, it is
not unreasonable to demand that the construction in favor of a wiie
i olicy should be followed. And we believe that the annexation of Hawaii
would be not simp.y unvrise, but positively dangerous. For that reassn
we »o lid urge all iho«e who share this view to go to wort to prevent the
ratification of the treaty. It is, at least, a good war, and it w;is, we
- [ Philip Sidney who sa:d that whenever one heard of a good
war he should go to it.
[ ,- enter into complete control without |
V ng them, as their political sys
tem is antagonistic t;j the American '
democratic thecry, and ■with their dis
the Government of Hawaii
1 be le?-3 etlicient than it is to-d.»y.
O;ir responsibility would end in securing
them asu.nst foreign inleiference — a guar
;ni ■•c that wcud afford us the neht,
which we fancy could be readily exercised,
ot 1 revent;ng the Hawaiian Government
f;om acting in a manner calculated to
aff'on: (.ther nations.
- statement covers the second ss
snfflpuoo, because, if Hawaii under a
protectoraie continued to be ''an incubator
of international friction," it woul 1 simply
be becau-e the Government of the islands
uli-regarde i the wishes in this resDect of
the protecting power, and we imagine that
if the issue presented itseli in tnu way our
(iovernment would easily lind the means
of bringing thoughtless and obstinate
local ruler* into a more complacent frame
of mind. If, as Mr. Thuraton maintains,
it is necessary that the United S.ates
should own Hawaii in order v protect its
Western coast from naval attack, then it
•would also be necessary for this county
to establish a strongly defended naval
station at Hawaii. In fact, the line of
policy that he suggests is but the first step
toward niakinj; of this country a great
military nation with an army and navy
sornewual similar to those maintained by
the great war powers of the Oid World.
,Some of our fellow-citizens appear to de
f* -re this, but we do not, and we see in
this Hawaiian project the germs of a
' policy which, when full grown, would be
found to be destructive of American
SAN DIEGO UNION.
CM'ATBIOTIC AND ISAMhRICAN.
The people of the United States are so
The people of the United States are so
proud of this great republic .that it is not
at all strange, when the question of Ha
waiian annexation is considered, ihat they
assume to make the islands a part of this
nation would be the greatest kindness
that could he done to the natives. Grant
ing that this is true, although much- can
ba urj,ei on' the other side, the question
may well be asked, Does thi< country pro
pose to deprive a foreign people of their
nationality and compel them to belong to
the United States.even' though they pre
fer to remain as they are? If the r.-piy
be in the affirmative, there would je«ru to
be no pood reason why a desire (ogive as
many people- as possible the benefits of
America 11 free institutions should not
inspire a national policy of annexing as
much territory as possible and using :qrc«
to attain that end— a policy of conquest,
in short, under the hypocritical pretext of
promoting the welfare of the conquered.
I ' "JOB" IN ANNEXING HAWAII. ~ | f ,
3 Them is nothing more c rtain than that the annexation of Hawaii is 3
I a gigantic job by which a few speculators in land, sugar anJ politic* ex- 2
3 nect to make enormous pronts at the ex; ense of the people of the United «*
3 Slates It wouM cost the American people more in ten years for the '3
0 maintenance of a Territorial Rovernmentin Hawaii and for the erection 3
° of the immense fortifications demanded by the jingoes than the reve-
% nues from the islands would amount to in a century. President Dole of 3 .
' the republic" of Hawaii adm indirectly that De and his associate cd- o<
3 venturers are ruling against the will of the people, and that they cannot 3
1 maintain tneir power unless the United States shall come to their help, d
' Batii the dilemma of Dole any reason why the American people should £j
I shoulder this O.d Man of the Pacific Ocean? , ... .- . . '• . . j°<>
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the Only Great Newspaper Opposed to
As a matter of fact, there is no* a shade
of moral difference between the proposed
annexation ot Hawaii and the forciole
' conquest of tlia Central American states
, or any other portion of the western hemi
i sphere. In Hawaii the Government and
! iis followers, representing some 3000
i Americans, nave taken it upon them
j selves to hand the islands over to
; the United State-. It cannot in
' this case be said that the action
:of the Gi.vjrnment is the action of
; the people. The Dole ad minis: ration is
purely a t>eif-con titutei body. The isl
, anders had practically nothing to do with
fits formation. Th.-y have never deie<
jgatel to it the powers lhat it assumes to
i exertise, ana they protest against annex •-
Uon. For the United Siat^s to compel
these 40,000 Hawaiian natives lo change
their rationality at the bidding of San
ford Dole and his followers would be sim-
Dly to the power of this republic to
deprive foreienevs of the 8* very rights
i which the American Decl;\rat:on of Ir.de
j pendence so sturdily afti-med, and af
iirmed. too, not for the thirteen colonies
that wished to be free from England, but
for "all men."
This nation has no more moral ritjbt to
annex Hawaii, under exvsting circum
stances, than it would have to take pos
session of one of the Central or South
American republics, whose dictator, iin.l
ing hinjsalf shaky in his seal, mi.'ht see
in annexation to the United Stales an
escape from all his political perplexities.
There is no occas on to consider whether
tbe Hawaiians would be better off under
the American flag. Tha question is
■imply whether this great republic pur
poses to lend ,t3elf to the unpatriotic and
un-American scheme of robbing 40,000
islanders of a nationality which is teeiu
inelv as dear to them as otirs is to us.
NEW BEDFORD JOURNAL.
Tuesday, November 18.
HAWAII AS A STATK.
Why the journal clerk of the House of
Representatives should be considered an
authority on this subject we are unable to
say. But he is quoted as expressing this
I would not admit Hawaii i :to the Union as
a State immediately. Indeed, a stipulation
that It shoula remain In a Territorial con
dition (or, say, not les.B than thirty years
should be Inserted in the treaty of annexation
or joint resolution as adopted by Congress.
This seftm rather like patting of! the
evil day of decision upon a difficult
question than like statesmanlike attack
of it at present. Thirty years fiom now
new men will have the re-ponsibiiity of
deciding how they will meet this diffi
cult question which was thrust upon
them by their pre ecessars, and per
haps they will not be so lost in admi
tation of tbe annexationists as the an
nexationiss are lost in admiration o
themselves. This tentative suggestion
that at some distant day Hawaii may
be made a Stato of the American Union
opens up some interesting speculations.
It is w. oily a new thing to admit a
distant colony to participation In tt>e
affairs of home government. It would
b- possible that the Sandwich Islands
might he the crucial point in a Presi
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 189 T.
THE OMAHA DAILY . BEE.
A I'OINTKV OF E.KPKKB:
Hawaii is a c uiitiy of leper?. Accord
ing to Dr. PrincH A. Morrow, an eminent
m edicai authority, more tha" 10 per cent
of the Hawaiian race s uffscted with lep
rosy, and this terrible disease has made
notable advances within the past half a
century, the islands which it is proposed
to annex to the United States forming
one of the great leprous centers. J>r.
Morrow says it is a contagious or rut her. v
communicable disease, and, while for
merly supposed io be of hereditary on
cin, it is now Known that heredity lias but
little or nothing to Uo with it. The lepers
in tee Hawaiian Islands are isolated, it is
true, but this has not prevented the spread
01 the disease. According to Dr. Morrow
there seems no prospect of extingu shing
the disease in the islands. The deatli-rae
anioup the lexers has been lowered, but
t c number of persons stricken has in
creased since the foundation of the leper
As to whether annexation would be
likely to bring leprosy into the Uni>ed
States Dr. Morrow believes it would. He
says that if annexation comes it will be
"idle to think of confining leprosy to ihe
islands, or rather excluding it from this
country by quarantine measures," becar.s i
no practicable means of inspection couid
detect the symptoms of the disease in its
earlier stages. Leprosy would not de
velop in our northern climate, but it
would do so in the sontn.
Doubtless the annexaticnists will pooh
pooh the idea that there is any such dan
ger as Dr. Morrow points out, but most
other people will oe likely to regard the
matter somewhat seriously. Leprosy is
not unknown to this country, but it is
hurily desirable to increase tue chances
of its spread. ng here.
* * »
As to the opinion ( ,f Senator Morgan re
aarding the adaptability of the native
Hawaiian-) for American citizenship, it is
by no means conclusive. It may he true
that they are better adapted th:m the In
dians, Mexicans and Alaskans, but that
does not furnish a v ilid reason for takiug
under our care 31,000 Kaiakas. Having
laicen some bad elements into our popu
lation. It does not follow that we should
go on doing so.
SENATUB MOKG.AN «)N ANNKXATI >.
Senator Morgan of Alabama, who has
just returned to \\ ashinicton irom his tour
of observation in Hawaii, pave out ve<tßr
day for the first lime a deliberate stale
mentofhis views on ann-xttion. His
THE NEW YORK TIMES.
. NEW YORK, SUiNDAY, NOV. 21, 1897.
THE HAWAIIAN DISGRACE.
Two reasons, among many other.', why we cannot decently annex Hawaii must impress every reasonable and dis
1 We cannot lawfully take advantage of our own crime. We npset the rightful Government of the islands and put
a handful of rebels in power. Oar Minister, John L. Steven?, was hand in plove with the rebels. He knew their plans,
took counsel with them, and pave them help. At the time aptiointe 1 for the r.p i-sing he caused armed forces of the United
States to be landed, not for his own protection or for tne protection of the property of our Government or its citizens,
or for any lawiul purpose, but to overawe the e*tab!^hed Government of Hawaii and prevent it from quelling the revolt
ag tinst its authority. Under the protection of United States troops the rebels deposed the sovereign and set up the l)ole
Government, which Minister Stevens, iv the name of the United States, recognized with an indecent haste that proved his
complicity in the plot.
In violation of the principles of international law, of moral law, aid of our own traditions of strict neutrality, wo
overthrew a friendly Government, and set up another in its place. W<* committed a crime for which we have refused to
make any atonement. The Hawaiian jobsters propose that we shall immediately proce.'d to take the prorits of our lawless
enltrnrise and black?n our record of guilt by a fresh crime.
2. We cannot spt up a republican firm of government in the Hawaiian IsJand*. The Dole v urpers, with their
whole tran of supporters, partners, accomplices and sympathizers, constitute less ihan 5 percent of the population. The
other 95 per cent oppose annexation. First we put the immense majority in subjection to an insignificant minority in
order to make annexation lossible. Then wp must continue to ov*rawe the majority and ksep it in subjection in order
to make American e»vcrament possib c. Klaverv was abolished in the United States in 1863. It is going to be re-estab
lished in 1897 or in IS9B if the Hawaiian sneeirato.-s have their way.
If the people ol Hawaii are fit material for American citizsnshp they aro fit to have the ballot; they are fit for uni
versal suffrage from the moment of their annexation. Wiil President McKinley proclaim the islands a Territory of tbe
United States, appoint a Territorial Governor and authorize a popular eleetioi for members of the Territorial Legislature
which will send a Delegate to Congress? Where in the constitution will he find authority for any other course? We have
made no preparatiou for colonization, for proconsuls or for expansion by jobbery. We must give the islanders tbe same
representative government we ourselves enjoy, or there wiil henceforth be two classes of American citizens — the bond and
the free — as there were thirty-five years ago. And everybody knows that it is no part of the jobbers' plans to set up free
institutions in Hawaii. The Dole gang of usurpers will rule.. Five per cent ol the people will hold the other 95 per cent in
Yet, when you call the attention of a Hawaiian annpx \tlonist to these I bings he begins to talk with great rapidity of
our naval needs; of the X y to tbe Pacific; of the protection of the canal; of German, Englisa and Japanese designs, and
of our westward expansion, sir!
Tbo argument from morality and the argument from slavery pass him by like the idle wind. If you touch upon the
actual truth, the hideous leprous rottenness of the people of the island, their unnamable vice 3 and progressive degenera
tion, he is still untouched and talks faster ilnn ever of the "changing front of the world" and other fantasies.
In all ages men have b-.-cn willing to plunee into filth, to pick up money. The jobsters who are after their profits in
Hawaiian annexation are willing not only to got down into that awiul filta themselves, but to drag the administration
and the American flag into it wi.h theja.
v sit to Honolulu has confirmed him in
ii is former belief, ha says, that the islands
should he annexed to this country, but he
Has nothing to ndd about President
F-ole's recent admis-ion that the republic
cannot permanently enduie without exter
nal assistance. It this is so would the aD
sorption of Ha^aibythe United States
be annexation or conquest? Who favor
the union, the majority of the inhabitants
of tbe islands or the office-holding
. 1 tfiirchy at the capital? And which
lias the greater moral right to our con
The Sen«ior from Alabama admits the
questionable propriety of adding lo our
national domain an island nronn "within
he troiicsand 2000 miles from our coast,"
but he pleats ttiui we need thu archipel
ago for de.em-e purposes. If we do not
taKe it Great Britain may, and, with Hon
olulu and E-quimalt, on the island of
Vancouver, as her basis of operations,
would "cut our coast line in two and leave
us incuuibered with a mass of territory in
Alaska, whose defense would be almost
impossible, and the famous advantage of
wnich would be lost to us." But we have
been cut off from Alaska in the past with
out serious results. A Ion?? stretch
of British territory lias always intervened
between us and our Northwest possessions.
Must we annex Hawaii, its Asiatic alien?,
as ienorant native oopuiatiou and its
leper-, all for the sake of protecting Sec
retary Seward's purc.ias* 1 ? Mr. Seward is
credited with having driven a sharp bar
gain when he got Alaska for $7,000 000, but
it will prove a cosily one for us if we nre
compelled by reason of it to taice all the
stray islands of the Pacific under our pro
Mr. Morgan's argument that we have
never had occasion to regret any of our
previous annexations of territory is a
weak one, and might be applied with
rquu] force ;o any wild sciieme3 of na
tional expansion in the;future. We might
say that Greenland, Antarctica, or any
otl er lar re ion, ought to bs taken under
the tlag because we are not sorry we added
Florida, Texas and California to our Fede
ral d imam. Nor is the Senator more
felicitous when he declares that the na
tives of Hawaii "are far better adap ed to
American citizenship than many millions
of tii< se whom we have welcomed here
from Southern Europe, and better adapted
than the Inaiais, Mexicans and native
We have been all 100 lavish in our hos
pitality in the past. We have erred in ex
tending tne right hand of fellowship in-'
discriminntely to the newcomer* from the
siums of Europe. ' Scarcely anybody has
been too ignorant or debased to be turned
away from our national gateways. We
i have prided ourselves on offering an "asy
i lum" to the "oppressed,"' and incidentally
I have let in a great horde of thugs und seal-
I awags. Senator Morgan does not help his
argument by telling us that the native
; Hawaiian? are better than such as these.
i This is damning t. em with faint praise in-
I deed, though it is perhaps as uood a rea
son as the annexatibnists are likely to
I eive for th°ir dagger >us project.
Louisville, Saturday, Nov. 20.
A GIGANTIC SWINDLE;
W. N. Armstrong, editor of the Ha- i :
waiian Advertiser, say 9 that "annexation I
means that the United States flag and i
marines will keep ord 'r in these '.stands.
Without that ip and these marines the;
most ai-gress've and. intelligent people I
here, the largest in numbers, will . rue. I
The-e are the Japan- c. Their numbers,
their activity, th 9 value of their labor,
will soon enable them to dominate the
"American"." As a correspondent who'
has been looking into this matter says:
Annexation is-, desired..- by ;. the American '
' party, the speculators, the c*rpet-b>icgers ond
[he politicians who see fat appropriation^ and
pickings under a Terrilorial form' 01 'Verii
ment. "Annexation ris opposed by throe- i
fourths of the entire population. inelnlme
the Portuguese, tho Japanese and nearly all
> tne natives. ■ 1
More than thst it means the perpetra
tion of a much bigger j >b than the ap
propriations and p cKinua would provide.,
It means a gigantic swindle, by which
about 3 per cent of the Hawaiian t>opu
-lat vi, who have already swindled the
natives of their heritage, are to hand over
the islands to the Umt3d States, which
in turn is to be swindled now and per
petually burdened with responsibility for
an alien and mongrel people, two thou
sand mile* from our shores.
LOS ANGELES EXPRESS.
I. m. 11. 1.-. l March ' 27, 1871.
Saturday, November 20, 1897.
11.WV.v.l NOT U'ANTKU.
La«t night, at the great meeting in
Mti !<• Hali, the fight against Hawaiian
annexation was begun by the people of
Resolutions which Bet forth many strong
reasons against annexation were offered
and put to a vote. They were carried
wi'hout a vlisst'iit up voice and amid
lively enthusiasm. Hereafter, there can
be no doubt as to where the people of
I tms city stand on this annexation ques
THE WBONG KEASOS.
The Detroit Free Press, speaking with
regarl to the Hawaiian annexation
scheme, adopts the right conclusion, but
gives the wrong reason for It, as follows:
Annex Hawaii, '2500 miles distant, possess
ing 11 population incapable of appreciating
American ideas ut government and morals,
and there can be no valid excuse for not ad
mitting Cuba, lyirig close to our aoors and
possessing a Christian civilization. L'-t Mr.
McKinley yield to the coterie of plotters who
are so cunningly working Congress for the
lurtherance of tlielr island-grabbing project,
and he must, to be consistunt, reverse his at
titude toward the Cuban annexations ta.
Our iiiten st in Cuba and the other West
Indian islands is vital and imperative.
They command the Gulf of Mexico and
tho Caribbean Sea. They ate within half
a day's sail lrom our coasts and most
intimately connected with this nation in
commerce. Beyond that every instinct of
humanity and American freedom, as well
as our truduional policy, evokes our
sympathies and assistance with a.l efforts
of these people lo establish and maintain
Spain is ready to quarrel with us for her
supremacy over Cuoa, which she has
reduced to a desert. Germany is under
tlie suspicion of getting ready to grab a
West Indian foothold in Haiti.
The vital und t'uditional interest ol the
United States is in these islands. We
•OOUld be ready in prevent £ iropean ag
gressions there. With the-.e possibilities
pending, to waste strength in trying to
hold an island in the Pacific that we have
not the slignt use for is a blunder at once
fatuous and pusillanimous.
If it be true, as reported, that the ad
minis'.ration will accept Spain* plan of
autonomy in order to push the Hawaiian
j >b through Congress, it means an aban
donment of American policy and a fatal
KVIL OF ANMiXATIOX.
Mr. McK'.nley is reported to expect, the
annexation of Hawaii. We fear that his
expectation is likely to be realized, anil
we deeply regret that it is so. The day
when annexation shall be accomplished
will be an evil one for this country, and
i he troubles that wilt '.ome to us in con'
seqiieriCP will be gratifying to jingos,
unsound-money men. spendthrift states
men, high protectionists and lynchers —
to all who dread i'ie cousejquence3 of in
telligent and needed legi-lntion, of sound
instruction of public opinion on domestic
affairs, and of good nova foment.
THE HAWAIIANS' PKOTKST.
As all interests have been given a hear
ing on the question of annexation except
the people most concerned, it is to be
hoped that the voice of nineteen-twen
tieths of the population of the islands will
now receive attention. What the Ha
waiian delegation will say on reaching
Washington is indicated la a "memorial"
adopted at a mass-meeting of Hawaiian
citizens at Honolulu on the 8 h of Oc
tober lust and printed in the Honolulu
Independent of October 16. Thin me
morial, which is addressed "10 the Presi
dent, Congress and people of the United
State?," reci ts tha' a majority of the me
morialists are aboriginal Hawaiians, qjal
itied voters under the constitution that
existed prior to the overthrow of ttie mon
archy by a few foreigners in Jnnuary, 1893,
but now disfrancnised and "held in s-üb
jection" by the armed forces of the alleged
"Republic of Hawaii"; thatuiey tiav
neveryielded and 'do not now acknowledge
willing allegiance to the said republic" ;
that the j/overnmeiit of the said republic
"has no warrant for us existence in tne
support ol the people of the islands," and
"now exists and maintains itself solely by
force of arms again.it tue rights and
wishes of almost the entire aboriginal
population of these islands."
As to the real nature of the existing
regime, it is held that the alleged repub«
lie "is not founded on a basis of popular
government or republican principles. Its
constitution was adopted by a conven tion
a majority of whose members wt*re seif
appoiuied, the rest having been elected
by a n insignificant minority of (he white
and aboriginal citizens." The majority
of those who voted for the members of
the convention, according to the memorial,
were "aliens without property or social
ties in the islands." The constitution
adopted by this sel'-con-tituted conven-
THE SUNDAY STATES.
£ NEW ORLEANS, NOVEMBER 21, 1897. 3
E THE HAWAIIAN SCHEME. |
£ Everything points to the fact that the annexation of Hawaii is a 3
jo matter which has been cut and dried, but it is to be hoped the opposition 3
|f in the Senate will rally sufficient strength to defeat a scheme which is 3
£ clearly in the interest of a ring of speculators and politicians, and which, o,
)o if successful, will cause to be injected into our body politic a large mon- ©
C grel element. -. 3
(0 Senator Cattery bit the mark squarely when, in a recent interview ej
g with a New York paper, he said: ■ . JiJOP 3
S': "The Americans in Hawaii are sugar- planter to a great extent. They c*
jo own the largestand most valuable properties. They are tired of keeping °
£ up a government, called; by. courtesy a republic. A eood way out of the 3
jo expense and worry of paying taxes and keeping down the Japanese and a
l° • Chinese is to transfer the job to.the United States. Tne fortunes of a °
% handful of sugar-planters do not justify us in undertaking the dangerous 3
jo experiment of raid-ocean g-veruniertt over a population alien, unassimil. 3
£ able and un- Christian. No republic has flourished after conquering or 3
£ acquiring dominion .beyond the seas. The destruction of Carthage was ©}
!° : but the precursor of the destruction of Rome." °<
U All the work looking to the annexation of a colony of lepers nearly 5
)o 3000 miles from our shore's has been done in the dark, and at no time has 3
C*. the administration snown the slightest inclination to take the American 3
£ people into its confidence and ascertain their opinion regarding the acqui- erf
}° sition of territory beyond the seas. President McKinley did not care to °,
1^ hear: the people express themselves on the subject, because he Is well 3
|o aware of the fact that the intelligent classes are opposed to the annex- 3
if ation scheme, ana the more it is considered thu greater becomes the oppo- 3
jo sition. 3
>° In the Senate there are men who are determined to Sght agai.ist the °>
£ ra'ification treaty to the last ditch, and there is reason to hope and be- 3
jo i eve they will succeed in arousing public sentiment to such a pitch that 3.
C the Senate will be compelled to yield to the demands of the people and 3 *
£ reject the treaty. ' 3,
tion has never been submitted -o a vote
of the people, but 19 maintained by lore 1
of arms against the will of the vast ma
jority of the population. The oligarchy
existing under this constitution •'as
sumes," it is complained, "the ri^ht to
extinguish The Hawaiian nationality Rnd
cede r;gh!s of sovereignty to the United
State?." And the "memorialists learn with
pri»f and dismay that the Pre-ident of the
United Slates has suomitted to the Sen
ate a treaty whereby it is proposed to an
nex our territory."
NEW YORK WORLD.
ONE OF THK A&BGBD SUGGESTIONS.
Ttie supporters of t c Hawaiian annexa
tion ]ob meet the objection to any more
rotten pocket- boroueh Stales by sugges
ting that the islands be attached to Cali-
fornia as a county. Considering that the
Hawaiian group is distant 2400 miles from
San Francisco, what illimitab c possibili
ties of growth this idea opens! Why not
"annex" Ireland on the east as the "bor
ough of Erin" In Greater New Yoric, and
take in Greenland on the north and
Samoa on the south 89 further frills on
the ragged edge of the globe-circling re
public? If it is "manifest destiny" to slop
over on one s ; de why not all around ?
THE PLOT OF ANNEXATION.
The Bee has been a vigorous opponent
to theannexatron of the Hawaiian Islands
ever since the scheme was first broached,
and it is glad to see so many influential
newspapers and so many thinking men
coming over to the side of right and jus
tic?. Tnis paper has gone deeply into the
matter on many tin occasion, but its
primal and most potent reason for its
vigorous denunciation of the annexation
plot is one of principle — this nation ihould
not be the recipient of stolen goods,
knowing tbe samp 10 have b^en «:o!pn.
LOS ANGELES HERALD.
SUBJECT FoR GRAVE lUSCLSS ION.
Tbe subject of annexation has not been
sufficiently aired before the people of this
country. It should be more thoroughly
discussed bafore the treaty now pending
before the Senate is acted en. It is a ques
tion of the greatest gravity, and sympathy
with the few Americans on the islands
should not overcome sober judgment.
The step of annexation, when once taken,
cannot be retraced.
The Hawaiian Government will soon
offer for sale to the highest bidder the
crown silver, china and glassware in use
during the reign of the Kamehameba
kings and qneens. Relic-hunters have
been tryiig to purchase these relics, but
the Government has sold only « few of
the arieles belonging to the royal palsce.
The Hawaian Government must be very
short of funds as well as anxious to un
load its debt by annexation. — Orcaba Bee.
£ THE « STATE" OF HAWAII.
U One of (he strongest reasons in opposition to the annexation of 3
jo hawaii is that, althoush in no mannxr suited for Statehood, there is a
j£ probability that political exigencies would soon result in its admission as 3
U a State for the purpose cf aiding two votes in the United States Senate 3
g to the membership of 3ome political tarty driven to such desperate step °j
C to retain contiol. Captain McKee of Indiana, a well-known Republican 3
jo politician, and ar. employe of Congress, says that he thinks Hawaii 3
C could be maintained as a Territory for thirty years preparatory to its 3
U admission as a State, tut he admits that a treaty provision to this efi>c 5
would not be binding on Congres?. We have seen several new States <R
r within recent years admitted, not becanse there was any positive nece<-
jo sity. but to increase the Republican vote in the Senate, and we have a.'sj
£ noted the boomerang effect of this in the action of these States in goiu* c<
U over to ihe Democracy and the Populists. Hawaii is doing very welt as 2
g she is, as she is admitted by the powers to be within the sphere of Ameii- 5
C can influence,, but to annex her and her mongrel and leprous population 3
Jc would oe equivalent to opening Pandora's box. 3
ANNEX ATION UNJUST TO A3IEKICA
It might be well lor the Federal Govern
ment to ask itself at th:s time, has this
country not got more diverse and opposed
races under its flag than it can deal with
successfully? Why should it seek to re
ceive into citizenship at one swoop 80,000
people who are tainted with an awful and
ineradicable disease, whose customs are
alien to those of this republic, who are
idle if not vicious, immoral it not crmi
nal, and ar the same moment keep guard
at the port* of the Atlantic Coast so thnt
no s-in. le objectionable immigrant shall
set foot oa rhese shores?
Are these Europeans who are thus de
bined re;u>ed aumission to this country
solely because they would cheapen the
price of labor in a market which is already
ov-iflowing? Not at all. Those are rea
sons, and important ones, but there is a
greater principle in thj background. It
is that they have come in numbers too
vast to be a-simtlated in our repubi cm
life and that their increasing presence is a
menace to the state.
Then why should these people of th?
Sandwich Islands be brought into the
Union? Their social life is as antagonist c
to ours as that of that Hood of immiera
tion we are now stopping on the Eastern
coast. They have a country, it is true,
that is rich with possibilities, but it is far
distant, exposed 10 attack in case of war —
indefensible, requiring great outlay for
administration purposes— and out of touch
everywhere with the genius of the Ameri
There is no commercial profit to be
looked for that is not our- already, or that
the 'egitirnate efforts of trade cannot se
cure. There is no strategic value in an
island, which, if regarded as protection to
the Pac fie Coast, ia 2000 miles from it.
One might as well say that the island of
St. Helena serves that end far the Cape
and South African colonies. It can be of
no value as a coa in_' station, because
there is no probability that the great
fleets will ever maneuver there. Its an*
nexation would be unjust to its people
and our own.
CRESCENT CITY NEWS.
ANNEXATION— NO !
With nations that have their dependen
cies tbat they may disclaim or ienore
when the exigencies of occasion demand,
the acquisition of the is ands might be
valuable and desirable. Such powers
would rind in the relinauhument of their
claims no sacrifice of Government policy
or principle, but the United States Gov
ernment is not estab ished that way.
Once a part of our nation the Hawaiisn
Islands would of necessity be permanently
so. We are not socially or politically
constituted to pay hostages by the sur
render of our lands and people. With
this view of the situation it would seem
but common-sense policy to look to the
cost and difficulty of protecting and main
taining authority of territory before as
suming to take it as a protege. More
over, admitting tliat the islands could be
amalgamated or assimilated into heaitn
ful c.tizenship, there yet remains a seri
ous question correlative with such admis
The extent of territory is such that th«
money power that favors Chinese immi
gration could colonize the jsl ands in the
interest of their scheme and of conse
quence make them a sort of ante-chamber
and preparatory grounds for the in
troduction of as many coolies as they
Senator Morgan tinds satisiaction in the
fact that there are no snakes in Hawaii.
Nevertheless, the wristgling and slimy an
nexation job is a snake that ought to be
scotched. — Philadelphia Record.