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VOLUME LXXXITI.— NO. 44.
A Great Storm Almost
Nearly Two Score Human Lives
Lost, and Property Dam=
aged to the Extent of
a Million Dollars.
THE STORM'S DEAD.
Silas Mincer, a prominent
Harvey Ruttledge, a negro.
Two unknown men from Bur
Joe Griswold, a tailor.
John Martin of Madison County.
J. B. Riley of Madison County.
George Carter, fireman at Grand
Mrs. Milt Burpess, proprietor of
the Burgess Hotel.
Two unknown men, died
J. M. Foutz, a farmer.
Joe Kyle, a farmer.
Milt Knapton, Jr.
Mrs. Milt Knapton.
Joe Lucas, a negro.
THE SERIOUSLY INJURED.
Mrs. Braden, arm broken.
D. L. Grimes, collar bone
Martin, chin fractured and
Hosea, Jaw broken.
William Lawson, back Injured.
Martin, ,-hest smashed.
Tony Eberhart, hips bruised.
F. E. Hubbell, back hurt.
R. H. Crenholder, back injured.
Ab Stafford, back injured.
Ashworth, chest crushed.
Dr. Gate, both arms broken.
Mrs. Gate, badly mashed.
Mrs. Gate's mother, seriously
Minnie Burgess, spine injured.
Mrs. E. Grell, injured about
Mrs. Hugh Rogers, badly
bruised about the body.
Mr. and Mrs. Ritter, caught
under falling walls.
Mrs. F. H. Brown, body crushed.
Mrs. Luther Hunley, chest
Lane, hip dislocated.
FORT SMITH, Ark., Jan. 12.— Nearly
two score of human lives and upward
of one million dollar?' worth of prop
erty were destroyed by a terrible tor
nado which burst upon this city a few
minutes past 11 o'clock last night. The
Btorm struck near the National Cem
etery and tore its way through the en
tire city, leaving its path marked by
death and desolation. Men, women
and children, peacefully asleep in their
homes, were, without a moment's warn
ing, awakened to meet a horrible death
In the fearful storm, while oth<-rs, mo
mentarily more fortunate, and who es
caped thf furies of the wind, met a far
worse fate a few moments later in the
flames which soon engulfed many of the
The scene following the first terrible
crash of the storm was one of awful
Business blocks, handsome mansions,
hotels and humble cottages were razed
to the ground and scattered in shape
less masses. Several of the wrecks
caught fire and the Inflammable timbers
The city was crowded with rural vis
itors, many of whom were sleeping at
boarding houses unregistered. For this
reason the number of victims who per
ished may never be definitely known.
The storm struck the city near the
National Cemetery and swept its way
through the heart of the town. Leav
ing Fort Smith, It bounded by Van
Buren and continued down the river,
demolishing everything in Its path.
News from outside points Is not yet at
hand, but rumors of murh^damage as
far south as Alma have reached here.
It being reported that a number of per
sons were killed near that place.
In Fort Smith the tornado struck
Garrison avenue at the corner of
Ninth street and made a clean sweep
from there to the Texas corner. Nine
store buildings were demolished and
the stocks of goods ruined. Sixteen
other business houses on the street
were badly wrecked.
The upper floor of the block on the
corner of Garrison and Towsou ave
nues is used as a flat. The ruins
caught fire from the night lamp. Seven
bodies were taken from these ruins,
two of them being so badly burned
that they could scarcely be Identified.
Burgess Hotel, a three-story brick on
Towsou avenue, was demolished.
There have been eight bodies already
taken from the ruins. Rescue parties
are still at work at both places and ex
pect to find several more bodies.
The Federal court is In session and
that brought a great many farmers
here, who crowded the cheaper board
lus houses and wagon yards. -The Ma
The San Francisco Call
Ed Ferrill, a butcher, and his
two little children, Irene and Roy.
Frank Richardson, restaurant
John Adams, a carpenter.
Mrs. Charles Mauver.
Ritter, a gardener.
Mrs. Will Lamson.
James Smith, Jr.
Mr. Gray, son and wife.
John Badt, a farmer.
Mrs. Maggie Sheehan's infant.
D. Woehle. a butcher.
James Smith, a clerk.
Ed Vaden. badly bruised.
"Wolsey. seriously hurt.
R. L. Hirschberger, shoulder
dislocated, injured about head.
Miss Lily Stahl. seriously in
Frank Magruder. chest crushed.
Unknown tramp, body mashed;
Mrs. Emma Austin, leg broken.
Irving Kohler, shoulder broken.
Mrs. John Beal, ribs broken;
Baby Beal. badly bruised; may
Mrs. Kohler, leg broken.
Joseph Jones, leg cut and arms
Miss Wilson, arm broken.
Pearl Knapton, arm broken.
D. D. Foreman, arm and leg
H. H. Fisher, arm broken.
W. A. Dumford. hip dislocated.
J. J. Short, spine and head In
William Blake, injured Inter
tional House, a two-story frame, went
down in wreckage with fifteen In
mates, but al! escaped without seriou3
George Carter's house was one of the
first struck and It turned completely
over and is now supported on the roof.
A half pane of glass was driven
through Carter's body, almost severing
his head from the trunk.
The beautiful National Cemetery is
a wreck. The huge tree's are uprooted,
the lodge demolished and the walls torn
Fort Smiths $50,000 high school build
ing, the finest one of its kind in the
Southwest, was badly wrecked, but was
one of the few buildings on which there
was any tornado insurance.
The tornado destroyed two historic
buildings. Judge Parker's residence is
badly wrecked and the old rector's
mansion, where Allen Pike passed his
days, is a pile of ashes, the ruins hav
ing caught fire from a lamp.
The First Baptist Church and the
Central Methodist Church were razed
to the ground and are now only a scat
tered pile of kindling wood. The Church
of the Immaculate Conception and
Brownscombe Memorial Church lost
their spires and sustained other dam
lt is now thought that all the per
sons in the storm wrecked buildings
have been accounted for.
The citizens' relief committee has
$10,000 in hand for assisting sufferers.
President Kohlnson of the Frisco rail
road, unsolicited, sent his check f<>r
$1000. Thp Missouri Pacific also contri
buted $1000. Business is practically
abandoned all over the city rind men of
all classes are assisting In clearing the
VAN BUREN'S DEAD.
Houses Are Blown Down and Their Inmates
Are Literally Crushed to Death.
VAN BURSN, Ark., Jan. 12— The tOT
1 nado that descended upon Fort Smith
| last night crossed the Arkansas river
j a half mile south of here and tore a
! path two hundred yards through this.
Crawford County, and dealt death and
i devastation to everything in Us path.
i A score or more of houses were blown
> down and many persona u<iv hurt.
Charles Wright wma instantly killed
: by his house blowing down on him. Tin
house of Mrs. Bash was demolished
and she was crushed Into a shapeless
mass of flesh and bone, and two of her
children, aged 8 and IC, were fatally
hurt. It Is estimated one hundred head
! of cattle and hors*s were in the path
i of the tornado- and were killed or In
i jured so badly that they had to be kill-
I cd. It is Jive miles in a direct lino
• from Van Buren to Fort Smith, and
debris from there was strewn over the
ground three miles beyond here. A
mass meeting is being held to-night to
rellera the destitute.
SAN FRANCISCO, THVKSDAY, JANUARY 13, 1898.
Making of the Treaty
Urges Both Senators Gear
and Thurston to
Against Their Constituents
Who Grow Sugar
DAVIS 1 SPEECH CONCLUDED
The Senate Will Make Up Its Mind
Slowly on the Great
Special Dispatch to Th« Call.
NEW YORK, Jan. 12.— A
Washington special to the Com
mercial Advertiser says: Lines
are being drawn tightly In the
struggle over the Hawaiian
treaty. The opponents of ratifi
cation have made a canvass
which shows thirty-two votes
against 'the treaty, and a can
vass of the friends of annexation
shows fifty-seven votes for it.
From this it appears that the
treaty is beaten unless further
accessions can be made from the
Democratic side. Senators Gear
of lowa and Thurston of Nebras
ka have broken away from their
Republican associates and have
announced their intention to
vote against ratification. Sen
ator Spooner of Wisconsin is
wavering and is not unlikely to
join Thurston and Gear.
The influence of the beet sugar
guard, which has been felt ever
since the question of Hawaiian
annexation came to the front in
1892. is being 1 exerted strongly to
bring other Western Senators to
vote against ratification, and
Mr. Oxnard, representative of
the Nebraska sugar industry, is
at the Capitol daily.
With this exception little out
side Influence is apparently be
ing exerted on either side. Ac
cording to the present pro
gramme It will be some time be
fore a vote can be reached. The
policy of both sides for the pres
ent will be one of d>!ay, and
there will be no pressure for
speedy action unless one side or
the other shall become convinced
that a roll call will disclose a
Call Office. Riggs House,
Washington. Jan. 12.
There la no doubt that the annexa
tionlsts are greatly concerned about
the treaty. As matters stand to-night
it is defeated. The annexatlonlsts
lack four or five, probably six, votes.
George Hazelton, who is here in the
interest of annexation, appoars to be
discouraged. President McKinley Is
warming up to the situation in the
Senate regarding the treaty. He never
tries to use what is known as "In
fluence" in working on a Congressman,
but has the honest habit of talking
straight and arguing with ■ man as ;i
man. the person presenting the must
satisfactory reasons to be the winner.
The statement that Senators Thurs
ton and Gear had broken away from
the list of Republicans supporting the
treaty was of Interest to the President,
and when these two Senators called at
the White House to-day to talk patron
age the President found opportunity
to talk over the Hawaiian situation
with them. Probably little was saJd
to Senator Gear, because he was ac
companied by General Henderson,
whose illness has prevented his calling
at the White House for months.
The President and Senator Thurston,
however, had a long chat on the sub
ject. It can be stated with posltlve
ness that Senator Thurston is unde
cided what he will do. The President
thinks a great deal of Senator Thurs
ton and would be pleased to see the
Nebraskan added to the list of Repub
licans supporting annexation.
What has brought Senators Gear and
Thurston to the point of opposing an
nexation Is that the sugar industry of
the islands Is crippling, or threatens to
cripple, the same industry in Nebraska
and lowa. This Industry has become
a lusty one In Nebraska, and the con
cern of Senator Thurston is local.
It Is understood that Senator E'klns,
a hearty supporter of annexation, was
with the President when Senator
Thurston walked in. The West Vir
ginia Senator has been working hard
with his Nebraska friend to bring
about a change In his views, and when
they met in the presence of the Presi
dent to-day the arguments were re
newed. The President took part with
the energy known to him 'when he Is
deeply interested in a subject, and he
and Senator Thurston discussed the
subject some time after Senator El
kins left. The administration is be
ginning to view the growing power of
Japan with keen interest, and the
President thinks the acquisition of
Hawaii ought not to be delayed. He is
confident that with the islands becom
ing a part of this country, a cable to
Hawaii and one to Japan would be one
of the certain results. This cable line
would give this country Instant com
munication with. Its fleet In Asiatic, wa
ters, and would put the United States
on a stronger basis than It now en-
Joys. It would also, he thinks, do won
ders In increasing the trade of the
United States with the East. The Pres
ident must have had some strong ar
gument "up his sleeve" when he en
countered the Nebraska Senator, be
cause It left the Senator in an unde
cided frame of mind, when shortly be
fore he was npninst annexation. The
President is familiar enough with the
subject to argue fluently with anybody,
and he knows Senator Thurston is one
of the men who must be convinced by
argument before changing his position.
Senator Davis continued and com
pleted his speech in the executive
session of the Senate to-day on the
Hawaiian question, and was followed
by Senator Allen of Nebraska, who
spoke in opposition.
Mr. Davis requested in the begin
ning that no questions should be asked
during the presentation of his argu
ment, as he preferred, he Paid, not to
have the continuity of his thoughts
broken. The speech to-day was devot
ed largely to a presentation of the stra
tegic features of annexation. He dis
played a chart in front of the presid
ing officer's platform, showing the lo
cation of Hawaii relative to this coun
try and to Asm. One of the points
brought out with considerable elabor
ation was the probable effect on the
Nicaragua Canal of the occupation of
the islands by BOine foreign power. He
illustrated by a reference to the map
showing that Hawaii was In a straight
j line between the western terminus of
the canal and Japan and China. The
nation, he said, which controls Hawaii
will control that great gateway of com
merce, as the guns planted on Hawaii
! would be pointed directly at the mouth
| of the canal.
He devoted careful attention to the
importance of controlling Pearl Har
bor, now owned by the United States,
saying that the nation which maintain
ed possession of this harbor would hold
the key to the military situation in the
North Pacific He read extracts from
reports by engineers and others in con
firmation of this statement and in sup
port of a statement which he made as
to the character of the harbor, which
was that it was safe and commodious
and could be easily defended. He also
nted the necessity for controlling
Hawaii as a base of supplies in case
<>f hostilities, saying that it was almost
necessary to control It for this reason
on account of the impossibility of a
warship crossing the Pacific \rithou*
replenishing h"r coal supply.
Mr. Davis ridiculed the objection
made by Japan thnt the addition of
Hawaii as United S:ates territory would
he a violation of Japan's treaty rights
in the island. I! said, in reply to this
objection, that all rights would doubt
less be protected, and instanced the
m ;ttion of th>> German empire as
showing the effect of annexation upon
the treaties of various countries which
erter tnto a urns-il.
He referred to Jaf«n's protest as an
indication of a natural tendency to ra
pacity, and said that the Government
of that country should have been satis
fied with the territory wrested from
' China instead of wanting to gorge her
self by the addition of Hawaii.
Mr. Davis called attention to the ap
parently cordial relations existing be
tween China and Japan, as manifested
by Japan's offer to lend her fleet to the
English in their operations In Chinese
waters, where he said the greatest
naval demonstration of history was
about to be made. He did not Indicate
a belief that immediate war would be
the result of European competition over
Chinese territory. On th>- contrary, he
called attention to the fact that the
flaps of Great Britain, France. Ger
many and Russln. were floating side by
sld^ in the Orl.-ntal waters, neither
power being apparently anxious to
disturb the other so long as there was
a prospect of each powt-r setting as
much as the others were taking. The
OBljf way in which the United States
could protect itself against this
division of territory would be to con
trol the Hawaiian Islands. In case we
should fail to do this there was danger
of losing very important trade advan-
Continued on Berond Pa»re
NEWS OF THE DAY.
Weather forecast for San Fran
cisco: Fair on Thursday; northerly
Maximum temperature for the past
San* Francisco 47 derrees
Portland 46 decrees
Los Angeles 48 degrees
San Diego 48 degrees
Dead In the Storm's Path.
Annexatlonists Are Alarmed.
Cuban Affairs Grow Critical.
The Jute Pa* Scandal.
Admiral Walker Wants More Cash.
Schooner Wahlberg Wrecked.
Los Angeles School Scandal.
Hanna Wins Hle Battle.
War Spirit Grows In Japan.
Gypsies Burned to Death.
Hot Words Cause a Murder.
Durrani's Body Not Yet Burned.
Ducking Stool for Statesmen.
Hundreds Flee From Dawson.
Dan Stuart and the Pugs.
Baden Murderer on Trial.
Alslp Has Vanished Utterly.
A New Minister to China.
The School Pcandal.
More Money Needed.
The Victim of Circumstances.
Open the Senate Doors.
The Ohio Senatorshlp.
Music and Musicians.
. SEVENTH PAGE.
A Long Parade for the Jubilee.
An Australian' 8 Heavy Loss.
A Mad Bull on a Rampage.
News Along the Water Front.
News From Over the Bay.
Food In Condensed Form. •
Racing at Oakland. x
Births, Marriages and Deaths.
Meeting of the School Board.
The San Francisco Club Open*.
Millions for Beet Sugar Land.
A Klondike Romance.
Deserted on Her Anniversary.
Identifying the Counterfeiter. •
Police Promotion*. .:. ... . . .-"." .
Fleet Said to Be in
The Maine at Key West
Awaiting Word From
Can Reach the Cuban Capital
Four Hours After the Com
mand Is Given.
MAY SOON BE NEEDED.
Her Mission to Insure Protection for
Americans and Their
Special Dispatch to The Call.
NEW YORK, Jan. 13— -
Journal's Washington corre- -
ppondent at 2 a. m. telegraphs *
that the American squadron at ■•
Key West has received orders to "
sail for Havana. At 2:15 a. m. *
the Journal's Washington cor- -
respondent telegraphed as fol- ■
lows: "The end is In sight. Within •
forty-eight hours, on present In- -
dications, intervention in Cuba -
will have been forced on the ad- -
ministration. It ■will be found ■
not unprepared. Rioting in Ha- •
vana was much fiercer than the ■
censored press reports indicate. ■
"General Lee got at the cable -
early and reported that the sit- •
uation was serious and the mob ■
was getting even with Ameri- ■
cans and attacking the United ■
States as much as it was strik- •
ing at the autonomist policy, and •
thereconcentrados. American cit- •
izens had to seek refuge In the •
"Lee's prompt military In- •
| stinctß told him the consulate
might be in even greater danger
: than -any other .place in Ha
vana, but Blanco at once threw
out a heavy cordon of Spanish
regulars, with artillery, and the
whole square and adjoining
streets were held.
NEW YORK, Jan. 12— A Key West
(Fla.) special to the Herald says: The
second-class battle-ship Maine has re
ceived orders to hold herself in readi
ness to proceed to Cuba at an instant's
warning. The orders came by tele
graph to-night. In complance with
these orders. Captain C. D. Sigsbee,
commanding the battle-ship, has made
all arrangements to get under way
without delay. He has been placed in
Continued on Second Pag*.
MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF PRISON DIRECTORS.
How San Quentin Prices
Yield the Pool Bi£
Illegal High Price Inflation of the
Jute Mill Revolving Fund.
State Senator Ostrom's
WHEATLAND, Jan. 12.— Your correspondent called on Hon. D. A.
Ostrom at his residence near Colmena Colony to-day and directed
his attention to The Call's exposure of jobbery in prison grain bags.
After reading the article Ostrom expressed himself as well pleased
that The Call had taken this matter up. Said he:
"The suppression of the manipulation of the grain bags by the
bag ring has been the fight of my life. The passage of the act which
now bears my name was the result of months of labor, and at Its
passage I felt assured that the grain bag ring had been forced out of
their Illegitimate business, and the farmer would be able to purchase
his sacks at reasonable prices. But my hopes have been shattered.
"In some way the provisions of the law are evaded and the traffic
In sacks is again manipulated. I am heartily glad The Call has taken
up this matter, and I hope it probes it to the very bottom. In this ar
ticle I recognize the fact that The Call understands well the subject,
and so far as it deals with the history of the bill, the marketing of the
prison sacks, and the market, it is apparently correct In detail.
"How is the law avoided by the Prison Directors? Now, that ques
tion I cannot answer for publication, as I have no proof that the di
rectors engage In illegal transactions; but it is my private opinion
that some of the directors have very capacious rear pockets.
"No, I do not think Warden Hale is entirely to blame, though he
shows very poor judgment in his indorsement of the sales of the
"No, I have no knowledge of the direct violation of the law by
farmers or merchants, though I infer from the reports of the jute mill,
and the reports published in the newspapers, that it is of frequent oc
currence; and I believe The Call will have no difficulty in securing
evidence to sustain its charges."
Before entering upon an exposure In j
detail of the manner in which San |
Quentin Jute bags are hawked about j
the State by middlemen, it will be ;
demonstrated by The Call that the |
Board of State Prison Directors are di- j
rectly to blame, not only for the per
ntctoua system of sales they have fos
tered, but for a persistently aggressive
policy against the thousands of small ;
farmers they should have exercised
every vigilance and stretch of author
tty to protect.
The single and conspicuous merit of
the Ostrom law of 1893 lies in its plain
ly pronounced intent to favor the j
PRICE FIVE CESTTS.
smaller and struggling wheat raisers
with grain sacks approximately at
cost. It assumes, as is the well under
stood reason of existence of the San
Quentin jute mill, that the State is not
engaged in a profit making industry to
which farmers shall contribute from
their oft-times precarious earnings. It
should have been clearly comprehend
ed by the board that under the Ostrom
and preceding jute mill acts thejr duty
was not to scheme, as might the board
of managers of a private industrial
trust, to derive a profit from the legiti
mate purchasers of the product.
One fact is obvious, and the recital