VOLUME LXXXIII.— NO. 46.
Rioters, Better Armed,
Autonomist Leaders the
Objects of the Fury of
Troops Charge the Crowds
and Many Persons Are
VIOLENCE IN THE STREETS.
Now the Cuban Capital Is So Turbu
lent That Martial Law Practically
Special Dispatch to The Call.
NEW YORK, Jan. 14.— A spe
cial cable to the Sun from Ha
vana, via Key West, says: The
situation continues very grave,
with a great deal more fighting
than yesterday, and with ser
ious results. Since last night the
rioters, better armed, have given
haul \vrk to the troops of Gen
eral Ar.-ias, Military Commander
of Havana. In spite of the pres
ence of troops, the rioters,
strongly armed, gathered in
great numbers in prado in
front of the building of the Cen
tro Gallego, or Gallician Club,
and also at Campo de Marte, not
far from there, which is the
largest park in the city. About
midnight they became so threat
ening that General Arolas sent
twocavalry detachments against
th m. The Government forces
charged, and the rioters after
some resistance dispersed.
This evening rioters got to
Central Park again, notwith
standing the heavy forces there,
where several of th*>m took pns
•>f a large one-story
a r.J-n <■> uj.;es ,i whole
block, called Manzana Gomez.
From the top of it they firea
sral shots into Central Park,
lally at the office of
Diario de la Marina, wounding
b. A fierce attack
was made by the tro, , ps on Man
zana Goniez, and the rioters
finally wore dislodged. The
wounded in this sffray were
treattd at the police sanitary
Martial law is practically in
force. Th" condition of public
disorder and the tremendous ex
citement continues. Rioters pa
rade the streets in defiance of
the troops, arms in hand and
shouting generally: "Long Live
•. \ \ *. \ »2 \ 83 % •* £2 »2 •; •; ♦; tt
*' Call Office, Riggs House,
*• "Washington, Jan. 14.
"2 "Our latest advices from Con
•2 sul-Gent-ral Lee are to the effect
** that all is quiet in Havana.
22 Should there be any further out
*. break dangerous to American
% interests a naval vessel will be
•2 dispatched to Havana to afford
c* them protection."
This statement made to-day by As
sistant Secretary of State Day con
tains the latest information received by
the State Department regarding tho
situation in Havana, the attitude of the
administration on this rfew phase of th^
Cuban question and the naval precau
tions which have been taken to m<*r>t
any possible emergency. It may be said
that th^ President will not fe^l easy
until a sufficient length of time has
elapsed to show there is no likelihood
of a repetition in a more aggravated
form of thr- riots of Wednesday. While
hopeful that the Spanish authorities
may be correct in stating that the dan
ger is past, they are fearful that the
recent riots may be more significant
than the Madrid officials are willing to
admit. They are apprehensive that
It may be a death blow to autonomy.
While having no intention whatever of
putting any obstacle in the way of a
tuance of the present Spanish
Cuban policy, th^ administration is
making preparation to meet any con
tingency which may result from the
now situation on the island. As a re
sult of cable dispatches received r-arly
this morning fn m Consul-General Lee
and deliberated upon at the Cabinet
meeting the authorities have been very
"active to-day in perfecting arrange
ments for affording immediate relief for
Americans and their interests in Ha
vana in case they should be seriously
endangered. To show the concern of
th<? President and his anxiety to be
fully prepared for all possible events
it is only necessary to mention that
Commander F. W. Dickens, acting
chief 'of the Bureau of Navigation, ap
peared before the Cabinet to-day and
gave the President and his official fam
ily information in regard to the pres
ent positions of various vessels of the
North Atlantic squadron. As a pre
cautionary measure the President
wants to be assured that the navy is
In condition to meet any new develop
ments that may occur.
The President sincerely hopes that
it will not be necessary for the Maine
to sail for Havana, but. recognizing
the possibilities of the situation, he de-
Elres that there shall be no delay in af
fording protection to American inter
The San Francisco Call
ests, and not only the Maine will be
sent, but other vessels will be ordered
to Cuba should circumstances require
As an indication that the administra
tion does not believe that the Cuban
situation will involve the Tnited States
in war. naval officers point to orders
just issued assigning the Nashville to
the European station. Department offi
cials say if there wore any danger of
trouble every available ship would be
retained on the home station. It is also
understood the Nashville will carry to
Europe a draft of long-time men for
the cruiser San Francisco. This shows
the intention of the administration to
retain the San Francisco as the flag
ship of the European squadron. The
Nashville will take the place of the
cruiser Raleigh, now on her way to the
Asiatic station. The Raleigh will ar
rive at Colombo in a few days, and it
is expected that Commodore Dewey will
direct her to report to him at Naga
saki. There ha? boen no move on the
part of the authorities. BO far as can
be learned, to order any vessels home
from foreign stations.
The North Atlantic squadron, which
has been gathering at Hampton Roads,
is to sail southward to-morrow. Lest
there should be a misunderstanding of
the purpose of the cruise, which has al
ready been described In the orders as
one of evolution and drill, planned
many month? ago. the orders under
which the vessels will proceed have
been made public, and. taken in con
nection with the department's order to
Admiral Pieard. the Navy Department
says, sh<>w that the squadron's move
ments have no reference to Cuba.
These orders are made by Admiral
Blcard, and are issued in identical fcrm
to the commanders of the various ships
making 1 up the squadron. They are
dated at Fort Monroe. January 11, on
board the flagship New York, and be
gin as follows:
Sir: The squadron Is to be prepared to
?ai! from Hampton Roads, weather and
contingent circumstances permitting, with
steam for ten knots, at 10 a. m.. on Sat
urday. January 15, for the vicinity of the
Pry Tortugas, off the coast of Florida.
Vessels will unmoor in the morning watch
unless signal is made to the contrary.
Squadron under sailing orders at 8 a. m.
The order of ships will be: First divi
sion (1). New York: <2>. low:'., making the
first section: (.?> Massachusetts; (4) In
diana, making the second section. Second
division: (5) Texas, first section. The
Fern will proceed singly to Key West un
less otherwise direrted.
The New York. lowa and Indiana will
proceed from Hampton Roads to the first
sea rendezvous off CurrJtuck, N. C, lat.
6.30 N. long. 75.20 W.. In about fifteen
fathoms of water, the lighthouse bearing
W. S. W. 7-8 distant 25 miles, and will re
main in that vicinity, weather permit
ting, until noon Sunday, the ICth. They
will then proceed to a second rendezvous
off Cape Fear. N. C, in eighteen fathoms
of water. Frying Pan Shoal light, being
north distant about seventeen miles, and
remain in that vicinity until about 6 p. m.
Tuesday, January 1?. when they will pro
ceed to Dry Tortugas. communicating
possibly by some light draft vessel with
Key "West in passing that port.
It is expe'-tr-d that the Massachusetts
will leave the navy-yard on Friday, the
14th inst., and th* Texas on Saturday, the
r.'.l: lnst. The Massachusetts will en
d'-nvor to join the Bag first nn the Ci.it
rltuck rendezvous, and, if that is i:
then on the Cape Fear rendezvous. It is
hardly expected that the Texas will be
able to join the flag on xho Curritu<.k
zvous; therefore, dirertly the Mas
sachusetts joins there (prior to noon of
the 19th inst.). the squadron will not then
await the Texas, but proceed to the Cape
Fear rendezvous, and there It is ex;
that the Texas will be ahlf to go in at
6 p. m. on Tuesday. January IS. Should
the Massachusetts miss the flag at both
rendezvous, or should any ship be separ
ated from the flag by weather or other
contingencies, the next, third and Una',
rendezvous will be the harbor of Dry
Tortugas, where they will await the flag.
While the squadron is on the Florida
drill ground, which will include occa
sional anchorages in Dry Tortugas Har-
Continued on Fifth PagA.
NEWS OP THE DAY.
Weather forecast for San Fran
cisco: Cloudy on Saturday, but with
out rain: southwesterly winds.
Maximum temperature for the past
San Francisco 51 degrees
Portland 50 degrees
Los Angeles GO degrees
San Diego 56 degrees
Rioting Tet in Havana.
McKinley Expected Dole.
McKenna's Confirmation Delayed.
The Jute Bag Scandal.
The Meeting of Whiskers.
Pope Leo Said to Favor a Republic.
Riverside Mystery Solved. .
General Clay's Wife In Trouble.
Did Bacon Write Don Quixote?
Made a Dollar Every Minute.
Alaska Boundary Disputes.
Two Railways to the Yukon.
Tiber Lynchers Scared.
The Santa Rosa Stringier.
Congress at Work..
Weak Alibi for Winters.
Poet WhittWs Early Love.
. Los Angeles School Scandal.
Married Sixty-three Years.
Doctors Disagree on Diphtheria.
News Along the Water Front.
The Passing of Dole.
Mike It Twenty Thousand.
The Cat Out of the Bag.
Hospital and Zoo".'
The Immigration Question.
Gold in the East..
Plagiarism In the Police Courts.
Stories From the Corridors.
School Board Loses a Suit.
Ordination of a Priest.
An Actor as a Hypnotist.
Capron Cane ; Decided.
Sports of the Day.
Supervisors Refuse Boxing Permits.
A Convict Assails Judge Wallace.
Preparing for the Jubilee.
*,■ , TENTH PAGE.
News From Across the Bay.
• Farmers Protest Against Hawaii.
Jordan on City Governments.
Races at Oakland.
' Births, Marriages and , Deaths.
A Poet's Daughter an a Dancer.
Durrant Case Aftermath.
Railroad Commissioner Wanted.
Arch for Golden Gate Park.
Masked Robbers at Work.
SAX FRANCISCO, SATURDAY, JANUARY 15, 1898.
He Comes to Make
Terms for His Re
Willing to Grant Anything
if the Islands Are
No Surprise Among the Offi
cials When the Visit Is
In Fact the Island President Cumes
Prepared to Accept Any
Correspondence of The Call.
NEW YORK, Jan. 14.— The
Times Washington special says:
Hawaiian annexation would be
beaten if a vote were to be taken
at once on the treaty now before
the Senate. This is the opinion
of Senators on both sides. While
the treaty* is under consideration
no Senate r can talk about it for
publication without subjecting
himself to 6evere penalties, so
that It is impossible to induce
any Senator to be quoted about
the situation, but ascertained
facts show plainly that the
treaty cannot be ratified by the
votes of the men who are now
Several canvasses have been
made to show the probable di
vision of the Senate on the
treaty. Most of these canvasses
seem to have been influenced by
the supporters of the treaty, for
none has been without a doubt
ful list, and a list of doubtful
men inclined to vote for annexa
tion. As a matter of fact, it is
asserted that a correct doubtful
iist wnuid be madft up of i.ames
now carried in the list of those
said to be for the treaty, while
those mentioned in the several
canvasses as doubtful are cer
tain to vote against ratification.
Call Office. Riggrs House,
"Washington, Jan. 14.
The announcement from Honolulu
that President Dole Is coming to Wash
ington did not create any surprise at
the State Department, and It Is evi
dent his trip was expected. "While Mr.
Dole comes in favor of the treaty and
will lend his Influence to that end, it Is
understood here In official circles that
his visit means something more. It is
said he comes clothed with extraordi
nary powers from the Hawaiian Gov
ernment to act for it In accepting any
amendment or change that may be
made in the treaty.
It is understood that the Turpie
amendment now pending, which puts
certain restrictions upon the admission
of Hawaii as a State, will probably be
adopted. If this or any other change
is made In the treaty it will have to be
again ratified by the Hawaiian Gov
To prevent this delay, •which may
mean a great deal for Hawaii, thf» Gov
ernment at Honolulu has considered it
best to sor.d President Dole to Wash
ington with power to accept any change
c>r amendment he may consider proper
or admissible. It is also understood
hero that no objection Is raised to the
Turpie amendment as long as the is
lands are annexed.
Mr. Lorin A. Thurston, formerly Ha
waiian Minister to the United States
and at present in this city as the island
republic's representative In behalf of
annexation, to-day made the following
statement relative to President Dole's
mission to the United States:
"The Hawaiian Legislature meets In
regular session In February. If annexa
tion is to take place, there will neces
sarily be some legislation to adapt the
laws to the changed conditions. If it is
not to take place the refunding of the
bonded debt will probably be taken up,
which would not be done if annexation
occurs. The present bonds draw r> ppr
cent interest, and can be taken up at
any time. The entire debt can be re
funded at from 4 to 4% per cent by the
present Government. There being no
cable communication, and the mails be
ing so slow and wr> far apart, advices
being at present very unsatisfactory.
President Dole determined to come to
"Washington and observe the condition
for himself in order to guide him In
making recommendations to the Legis
Friends of the Hawaiian annexation ;
programme are now addressing them- j
selves particularly toward neutralizing
the effect of the allegation that the in
corporation of the Hawaiian Islands
within our tariff limits would be a
blow at the beet-sugar interests. It Is
being urged that the entire sugar pro
duction of Hawaii, which has about
reached its maximum. Is only 200,000
tons, or less than one-tenth of the
quantity of sugar imported into this
country annually. This quantity, it is '
contended, is not sufficient seriously to i
cut into the American beet-sugar in- !
terests. The persona promoting that
particular industry are nt the opinion
that within a very few years the United
States will be raising beets enough for
the entire home consumption of sugar.
Action by the Senate
Postponed for a
Hoar Declares That the
Charges Were Not
Fight of the A. P. A. Ignored
and the Question of Fitness
ALLEN AS AN OBJECTOR.
Demands Further Investigation Be
fore the Nominee Is Given a Seat
on the Supreme Bench.
Bpec*l Dispatch to The Call.
Call Office, Rlggs House,
Washington, Jan. 14
Almost the entire four hours of the
executive session of the Senate to-day
were devoted to the Indirect considera
tion of the nomination of Hon. Joseph
McKenna, now Attorney-General, to be
Associate Justice of the Supreme
Court. The discussion was the result
of an effort on the part of Senator
Allen (Pop.) of Nebraska to secure a
postponement for two weeks. In the
end a compromise was reached, de
ferring consideration until a week
from to-day, on the condition that the
Nebraska Senator should agree to al
low a vote to k- t;iken on that date.
The Hawaiian treaty was not touched
upon during the session.
The debate upon Mr. MrKenna's
nomination was precipitated by Sena
tor Hoar, chairman of the Committee
on Judiciary, who called up the nom
ination in accordance with his notice
of yesterday and asked for immediate
action. In doing thi^ Hoar spoke brief
ly of the opirfistti.ni to Mr. McKenna,
saying that the Judiciary Committee
had investigated most of the charges
made and had reached tho conclusion
that they were without foundation.
He said that the greater number of
charges had been made for the mem
bers of the American Protective Asso
ciation, and as they had been founded
solely upon the fact that Mr. McKenna
was a Catholic in religion they had not
been deemed worthy of serious consid
eration. Hoar dwelt at Fome length
upon this point, excoriating any man
who would attempt to inject a ques
tion of religion into a controversy
over a man's fitness for office. He said
that such an effort was entirely un-
American and unpatriotic and should
not for a moment receive the consider
ation of fair minded men.
Senator White of <\ilif<>rnia also
spoke of the effort of the A. P. A. to
interfere with the course of the Sen
ate in giving proper attention to a
question the determination of which
should depend upon considerations of
fitness and justice as between man and
man rather than upon an appeal to
bigotry, prejudice and a false claim of
patriotism. He spoke of the A. P. A.'s
as fools, who could not be properly
characterized in the Senate. He had
no patience, he said, with men who
held the opinion that Catholics must
necessarily consult the Pope or some
other high functionary of the Catholic
church in every important transaction
of their lives, and added that he was
convinced that the Senate would not
be influenced for a moment by such
representations as an order of the
character of the A. P. A. would make.
Mr. McKenna's confirmation should
depend entirely upon different consid
erations. As for himself, while he did
not contend that Mr. McKenna was a
giant in his legal attainments, still
he believed him to be an honorable
man, a competent lawyer an( j a j ust
jurist, and he would support his con
It was here that Allen Interposed an
abjection to immediate action. When
his request for two weeks' delay was
met with refusal he took the floor and
proceeded to give his reasons for the
request, which were in the main that
he wanted, and be thought the Senate
should have, more time for considera
tion than had been given to it. lie
called attention to the imptrrtance of
the office to which Mr. McKenna had
been named, saying It was a place
which he would occupy probably dur
ing the remainder of his life, and that
the Senate and the American public
had a right to demand that the charges
should be sifted to the bottom. He
said as far as the opposition of the A.
P. A. was concerned, it did not influ
ence him in the least, and he agreed
with all that had been said as to- the
impropriety of any interference in a
matter of this character on account of
the religious prejudices or predilections.
There were still other charges which
were, to his mind, far more serious, and
to prove that such was the case, he
read at length from letters and news
papers attacking Mr. McKenna's record
as an attorney and jurist on the ground
of want of legal attainments.
The greater part of Allen's speech
was devoted to reading those docu
ments. He called special attention to
an attack made by the bar of the Pa
cific Coast which, he said, was deserv
ing of more scrutiny than had been
given it. He also stated that he had
understood that the charge had been
made that large corporations had been
instrumental in securing McKenna's
nomination. He thought this matter
should be looked into more thoroughly
than the Senate had had opportunity
to do. Allen disclaimed any intention
to father any of the charges made, but
asserted that his sole purpose was to
secure time for their proper investiga
tion. He added that he might himself
vote for Mr. McKenna's confirmation,
but said that before doing so he desir
ed to be convinced that the assertions
made derogatory to Mr. McKenna's
character as a jurist were without
Senator Perkins followed Senator Al
len. He eulogized the nominee as a
conscientious and upright man. Born
in Philadelphia he removed to Callfor
: n!a at 12 years of age. At the age of
I 22 he was elected District Attorney of
i Solano County, served in the Legisla
! ture of California, was four times elect
ed to the United States Congress;
served on the Ways and Means Com
mittee in that body, and was then ele
| vated to the United States Circuit
; Court bench by President Harrison.
; This was done, notwithstanding the
fact that President Harrison was fa
| vorably inclined toward Judge Spencer
|of San Jose, but the bench and bar of
California Indorsed Mr. McKenna.
Then, after serving ably and honora
bly, the President of the United States,
I William McKinley, selected him as one
of his advisers, and made him Attor
ney-General. He had been intimately
acquainted with him while he served
on the Ways and Means Committee, of
which he was chairman and the latter
had learned to appreciate his worth.
"When McKenna wan appointed,"
said Senator Perkins, "the bench and
bar gave him a banquet fn San Fran
cisco at which many felicitous and con
gratulatory addresses were made. Af
terward he visited Sacramento, the
capital of California, and the Legisla
ture gave him a reception at which the
Governor of the State presided."
Senator Perkins said that the very
first requisite for a jurist was honesty,
and eulogized McKenna's character as
a man, lawyer and judge. He said that
no man was learned in all branches of
the law. Clifford of Maine and Mil
ler of lowa were not better qualified
than McKenna when they were ap
pointed on the Supreme bench, but
were afterward regarded as among the
ablest members of that body. Sena
tor Perkins said that perhaps the dis
tinguished Senator from Nebraska
(Allen) was not versed in all the dif
ferent branches of the science."
The only Senator besides Allen who
manifested any opposition to the con
firmation was Morgan of Alabama, who
Just before the executive session closed
said that while he was in California
recently he had heard McKenna spoken
of among lawyers as a corporation at
torney and unfit for this high judicial
The Senate then, upon request of
Senator Allen, agreed to lay the matter
over one week and to take it up again
for consideration on next Friday.
There is no doubt whatever that the
nomination will be confirmed, and not
more than four or five votes will be
cast against it, in the opinion of Sena
tors White and Perkins.
HON. D. OSTROM, FATHER OF THE LAW.
Positive Proof That Dealers
Were Favored Last
Middlemen Secure Large Lots of
Bags by Telegraph, With -
THE LAW CUT NO FIGURE.
San Francisco, March 8, 1897.
Mr. W. E. Hale, Warden California State Prison, San Quentin, Cal.—
Dear Sir: lam in receipt of your letter of the 6th inst., advising that
you have reserved 100,000 grain bags for us at 5 cents. We have sent
affidavits into the country to be signed by our customers, and as soon as
we receive them will forward them to you, together with the necessary
deposit. Thanking you, I remain, yours very truly. G. W. McNEAR.
OVER THE LIMIT.
San Francisco, Feb. 19, 1897.
Mr. R. Lichtenberg, San Francisco, Cal.—Dear Sir: I beg to ac
knowledge receipt of your favor of even date, with order of Mr.
George McDaniel for 50,000 bags and check for $237 50 to cover deposit
on same. Bill for same showing balance due, please find inclosed. I
have booked this order, although it exceeds the 2,000,000 limit, and have
wired to the Board of Directors, who meet at Folsom to-morrow, for in
structions as to the 100,000 you placed in Los Angeles. The limit being
reached, all orders at 4% cents will be refused hereafter until we hear
from the directors. Tours truly, W. E. HALE, Warden.
It is now determined beyond ques
tion that the grain bag product of the
San Quentin jute mill is largely con
trolled by speculators and middlemen
in violation, of the Ostrom law, and to
the detriment of the small wheat rais
ers of the State. If any doubt were en
tertained as to the intimate relations
subsisting between certain middlemen
and the board, it will be dissipated by
the revelations The Call makes this
While the board and Warden Hale
have striven to maintain the appear
ance of conformity with the law, it is
plain from the nature of the facts now
brought to light that they disregarded
PRICE FIVE CE^TS.
their duty much more seriously than
was at first supposed.
In the case of Marshall Diggs, the
Woodland middleman, it has been
shown already that he dealt in more
than 150,000 sacks, Detween the pur
chase price of $4 75 and $5 per hun
dred, and the $5 40 rate fixed by the
board before the sacks came into use;
and that, furthermore, he procured 68,
000 bags by telegraph, without affida
vit and without deposit, the day before
the price was raised by the board from
$4 75 to $5.
It would now seem that the Digga
transaction was the lesser one of a
number in which dealers, not actual
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