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VOLUME LXXXIII.— NO. 79.
DID AN AGENT OF SPAIN
DESTROY THE BATTLE-SHIP?
OF AN ATROCIOUS
Captain Sigsbee Believes
His Ship Was Blown
Up From Outside.
Tells the Facts to the Govern
ment at Washington, but
Wants the People Kept
in the Dark.
THE WORK OF SPANIARDS.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 16.— A message from Captain Sigsbee
received by Secretary Long shortly after 9 a. m. to-day gives
it as his opinion that the magazine of the Maine was blown up
by a torpedo set by the Spanish, but urges the department not
to take action or give out this statement until he has had time
to make something like a definite investigation.
NEW YORK, Feb. 16.— A special to the World from Washington
says: A suppressed cable dispatch received by Secretary Long from
Captain Sigsbee announced the captain's conclusion, after a hasty ex
amination, that the disaster to thp Maine was not caused by accident.
He expressed the belief that whether the explosion originated from
within or without, it was made possible by an enemy.
He requested that this intimation of his suspicions be considered
confidential until he could conduct a more extended investigation.
This dispatch was laid before the President, at whose suggestion
Assistant Secretary Da-" cabled Consul General Lee to make what
ever examination was possible himself and render assistance to Cap
In the same dispatch Captain Sigßbee said that not more than
one hour prior to the explosion the magazines and boilers had been
carefully inspected, thus, in his judgment, precluding the possibility of
Copyrighted IS9B by James Gcrdon Bennett.
HAVANA, Feb. 16.— 0f the Maine's
crew of 354 officers, bluejackets and
VESSELS OF .THE AMERICAN FLEET WHICH IS NOW IN READINESS TO OPERATE IN CUBAN WATERS.
The San Francisco Call
marines, only 101 have been accounted
for. This means that 253 perished in
that frightful explosion which took
SAN FRANCISCO, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1898.
LIST OF THE SAVED.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 16. — Captain Slgsbee has reported in answer
to a cable message of inquiry that the following officers and men
were saved from the Maine:
Captain C. D. Slgsbee. Lieut Commander R. Wainwrlght.
Lieutenant G. F. Whitman. Lieutenant J. Hood.
Lieutenant C. Jungen. Lieutenant C. P. Blow.
Surgeon S. J. Heneberger. Paymaster C. M. Ray.
Chief Engineer C. P. Howell. Lieutenant J. J. Blanden.
Chaplain J. P. Chadwick. Past Asst. Engineer F. C. Bowers.
Lieut, of Marines A. F. Catlln. Asst. Engineer J. R. Morris.
Naval Cadet J. H. Holden. Naval Cadet W. E. Cluverius.
W. E. Johnson. P. Washington.
A. Crenshaw. J. T. Boyd.
Boatswain F. E. LarWn. Gunner J. Hill.
Carpenter J. Helm. Paymaster Clerk D. McCarthy.
Men— M. Redon, Peder Larsen. W. R. Caulfie. Charles H. Bullock,
Thomas Melville, Alonzo Willis, Patrick Gaffney, Katsusaburo Kus
hida, C. M. Nolan, John H. Turpin, M. I. Harris, William Lund,
Harry Jertzen, A. J. Holland, John Herbert, P. J. Foley, Robert
Hutchins. George Schwartz, W. E. Richards, Harry Teackle, Patrick
Flynne, G. J. Dressier, George David, Peter Michaelson, M. E. Sal
min, George Fox, B. R. Wilbur, J. J. Waters. John Anderson, Carl
Christianson, G. W. Koehler, A- V. Ericcson, James Williams, J.
White, John H. Panck, J. W. Allen, James Rowe,
D. Cronin, F. Cahill, J. Kane. Fred Jerene, C A. Smith, G. Shea, A.
B. Herness, J. Heffron, J. H. Bloomer, J. W. Johnson, Charles Berg
man. William Mattison, A. Johnson, C. F. Pit oner, F. C. Holtzer, G.
Loftus. J. J. McManus, W. Matiason, J. F. Furlong, J. F. Gordon.
Charles Denning, William McNair. M. Hallock, W. S. Sellers, A.'
Knez, Benjamin McKay, Thomas Mack, Arthur Raven and W. M.
place in Havana harbor last night, and
which tore a stout battleship into
There is, I regret to say, no reason
for hoping that this pitifully small list
of survivors will be swelled by the
names of any others saved. Wild ex
citement, and still wilder rumors, fol
lowed the conclusion of the terrific
blast. The explosion shattered windows
and electric lights and flung the city
into a tumult of excitement, such as it
has rarely witnessed before. Crowds
that had gathered in i»ur>lic places dis
persed in quick order and other knots
gathered to follow a moment later at
the hotels some leader who knew no
more where he was going than they.
Fire engines came bounding down
the narrow streets from no one knows
where, and going no man knew where.
All the populace turned ont and throngs
gradually trended toward the water
front, but for half an hour or more no
one in the midst of that half-crazed
crowd knew aught of the awful tragedy
that lay just beyond.
The streets became congested and
one had a tooth and nail task to force
his way through. The report was first
that the arsenal had blown up, and then
it was said that the Spanish man-of-war
had torpedoed the Maine. And this was
while the men of the Alfonso XIII were
struggling to the work of rescue.
The Ward Line steamer City of
Washington and the cruiser were the
first to reach the scene, and their crews
did all that could be done to rescue the
drowning. Three boats from the Maine
were there, too. in f.-wtt, <here were
more boats to pick up swimmers than
there were swimmers to be picked up.
Some more survivors were brought
to the landing place and turned over to
the firemen, who carried the wounded
on stretchers to the hospitals. Others
were brought alongside the City of
Washington, and still others were car
ried to the Alfonso XIII. The wreck
took fire and lighted the harbor by the
lurid glare of flames, fed chiefly by the
inflammable cellulose contained in the
forward and after ends. The wreck
burned the long night through, and
when broke the solemn, pitying dawn
dark wreaths of smoke were still curl
ing upward from the shapeless mass.
At sunrise all the flags in the harbor
were at half-mast.
I spent the early morning hours on
board the City of Washington, and
could not help but admire the generous
spirit of all connected with that vessel
and the fortitude of the sufferers thick
ly strewn on mattresses about the deck
and in the staterooms. Once in a while
some poor sufferer would groan, but as
a rule they lay quiet as careless as the
dead whose bodies lay with the wreck.
A score of different causes have been
assigned to account for the explosion
and the cataclysm that followed, all of
them more or less reasonable, accord
ing to the light in which they were
viewed. Captain Sigsbee was up nearly
all night looking out for the comfort of
his men. He took a short rest before
Map of the Part of Havana Harbor in Which the Maine Was Lying When the Explosion
early daylight, and soon afterward he
stood on the deck of the City of Wash
ington peering into the falling mist
which was screening the wreck of his
The City of Washington was under
way then, shifting her berth. She
passed close to where the curled and
twisted plates of the after superstructure
showed where the wreck had gone
down, and tears came to Captain Sigs
bee's eyes as he looked and thought of
the gallant men whose lives had so sud
denly gone out.
The Maine went down in water deep
enough to submerge all but the after
part of her superstructure deck. The
whole forward part of the hull was
turned completely inside out by the ex
plosion. Officers tell me that had the
explosion taken place when the vessel
was in deeper water, that first wild lurch
of hers would have sent her settling
sideways to the bottom. As it was, the
vessel sunk within three minutes, partly
righting as she touched bottom.
Reverting to the many explanations
that have been advanced to account for
the disaster, the officers of the stricken
ship are consistently silent. They will
say nothing beyond pointing out the
many precautions that are taken with
explosives and the care that is taken
with the magazines. It is inconceivable
how any internal explosion could have
occurred without the exertion of an
The captain choked down his emo
tion when I asked him of the disaster.
"There is very little that I can tell
you," he replied. "I was in my cabin
at the time. I had just finished a letter
to my family when that awful crash
came. The ship lurched heavily to port
and I knew in an instant what it all
meant — that it meant my ship had
"All the cabin lights were put out,
and I groped my way out of the apart
ment. I met my orderly running to
ward me. Reaching the deck, I gave
orders to post sentries, keep silence and
to flood the magazines. The magazines
were already flooding themselves. I
saw then that the disaster was complete;
in fact, I noticed a Tew of our men
struggling in the water.
"Only three boats were left of the
number we carried. These, gig, barge
and the second whaleboat, were lowered
as quickly as we could get them into
the water. There was a big hole
knocked in the side of the barge, and it
is a wonder it did not sink with the few
men who had climbed into it."
"What do you think caused the ex
Continued on Second Pace. „
WAR WITH SPAIN
MAY BE THE NEXT
THING TO FOLLOW
A Senator Talks Seriously of That
Contingency to Follow the
Horror of the Maine.
BOSTON, Feb. 16. — A Washington special
It has been known for some time
that the harbor of Havana was not
a safe place for American men-of
war. Members of the Foreign
Relations Committee of the Senate
hare received, in confidence, in
formation that within a week Cap
tain Sigsbee has telegraphed to the
Nary Department, begging them to
send no more ships to Ha r ana at
present, and adding, "We are liable
to be blown out of the water any
Senator Money of Mississippi, who served
in the last Congress as a member of the
Foreign Affairs Committee of the House,
and who visited Cuba last winter to make
a personal investigation of the conditions
there, says he learned then that the harbor
of Havana was mined throughout, and that
640 torpedoes were located at available
points. Senator Moneys statement is con
firmed in a genera' way by others. There
seems to be no question that there are tor
pedoes in the harbor, and when that is
admitted the burden of proof falls entirely
Conditions could hardly be graver than
they appear to-night, and the promised
disclaimer for the De Lome letter has not
yet been received. Every naval officer of
any standing who has talked about the
disaster declares it is his opinion that
it was the result of design, and that no
mere accident could have brought about
such terrible consequences. Among the
members of Congress the opinion is al
most unanimous that the destruction of the
Maine is due to treachery, and that the
American sailors lying dead at the bottom
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
of Havana harbor were sent there by Span
As a rule, the opinion at Washington is
that the Maine was destroyed through
Spanish connivance, and this opinion will
be maintained until proof positive to the
contrary can be adduced. Should it be
shown that the explosion was not due to
accidental causes war must result This
is the feeling of men who are versed in
international affairs, and who are not
usually carried off their feet by the out
bursts of popular excitement.
One of the most eminent Republican lead'
ers, a man who is perhaps more intimately
acquainted with diplomatic usage than any
other in public life, one who has a reputa
tion for conservatism and carefulness of
speech, and who on more than one occasion
has spoken the sentiments of the adminis
tration in Congress, said last night that if
it should be proven that Spain was in any
way responsible for the destruction of tht
Maine, war would inevitably result.
He was asked if Spain could be considered
liable in a monetary sense for damages.
" There is no question of monetary dam
ages," he replied emphatically, "which
could be thought of for a moment. This is
a matter which passes far beyond anything
of that kind. Consider for a moment what
has happened! An American man-of-war
has been sunk in the harbor of the one
unfriendly nation in the world.
"It is not a question for us to discuss
from a scientific point of view. Had the
Maine foundered in the harbor of Glasgow,
then it might be a subject for considera
tion. The philosophers have no standing in
such a case."
It was suggested to him that divers
might be sent to the bottom of the harbor to
investigate the condition of the wreck and