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VOLUME LXXXIII.-NO. 131.
THE SPANISH ARMISTICE
IS A PLAY FOR DELAY
The Mediation of Leo XIII, Backed
by the Powers, Has Had Its
Effect at Madrid.
Copyrighted, IS9S. by James Gordon Bennett. I
MADRID, April 9. — Spain has ac
cepted the advice of His Holiness,
the Pope, and its Government has
granted the armistice which had been
suggested in the note of the United
States of March 29. What is more,
that armistice was g-iven by unani
mous consent of every member of the
It has been an awful struggle.
Only yesterday evening all was lost.
General Woodford was, so to speak,
sitting upon his trunk, which was
packed. Mrs. Woodford and Miss
Eames, her niece, had left four days
ago and had crossed the frontier. So
had the naval attache. Lieutenant
Dyer, and the American residents
here were going out as fast as possi
ble. Nobody talked anything but
war. It was only very late last night
that messengers began to run about
in haste with letters that were mark
ed "Urgent." There was a mysterious
visitor at the house of Senor Moret.
Then letters were sent in urgent
haste to Senor Sagasta and to the
This morning broke upon a condi
tion of feverish excitement in the
public mind. "Nothing can avert
war, 1 ' said the proprietor of the most
serious paper here, as he came to ask
me for news, and he spoke like nine
ty-nine out of every hundred. There
was the deepest anxiety visible on
all faces, yet peace was in prospact
and they knew not of it. The morn-
Ing papers had given the public lit- i
tie hope. The Lioeral ominously
stated, in italics, that diplomacy had
ceased its functions. The Imparcial
announced among other pessimistic
news that Senor de Berna.be had his
orders to leave Washington and Gen
oral Woodford his to quit here. Ex
tensive space was given to the move- '
ments of ships for war purposes, and
the same about the movements of
The first note of peace was struck
at 11 o'clock, when representatives of
the great powers called at the house
of the Minister of State, Senor Gul
lon, and in the name of their respec
tive powers urged him to inform the
Government that the powers were
strongly of the opinion that for the
sake of peace and humanity the
Spanish Government should accept
the advice of the Pope. Opposition to
that advice was great. The majority
of the Cabinet were against it. Cab
inet councils were held one after the
other, but the Ministers could not
agree. The Papal Nuncio visited
hither and thither, but no result had
been arrived at. Spain's pride could
not see its way to accepting the pro
position desired by the people of the
That was the situation up to late
last night. Yet this morning and
even last night three persons at
least in Madrid considered that peace
was assured and what had seemed
impossible was about to be accom
plished. The visit of the Embassa
dors to Senor Gullon was one of the
outward signs of conditions which
would make an armistice possible.
The Embassadors left with the im
pression that what they recommend
ed would be accorded.
Later, at 1 o'clock, the Ministers
met. They were summoned to a coun
cil at the Foreign Office. The event
ful meeting lasted little more than
half an hour, for it was merely to
ratify the conclusion previously
known, to accept the only solution
The San Francisco Call
WASHINGTON. April 9.— Mr.
Quesada, the diplomatic repre
sentative of the Cuban insur
gents in this city, was Been this
afternoon with regard to the re
port from Madrid that the Queen
Regent might issue an armistice
proclamation. "It is useless for
us," said Mr. Quesada, "to re
iterate again for the thousandth
time that we will not accept an
armistice and give up the ad
vantages we naturally possess
in the rainy season. We under
stand perfectly that Spain seeks
only delay. We will have noth
ing but independence. As a mat
ter of fact, an armistice is a sus
pension of hostilities to be ar
ranged by the opposing gen
"General Blanco and General
Gomez would have to agree* to
an armistice. Does any one
think General Gomez would
agree to suspend hostilities just
as we are about to win the great
boon for which our people have
fought and struggled so long?
Besides, who is to take the prop
osition for an armistice to Gen
eral Gomez? The constitution of
the Cuban Republic and the civil
law forbid the general-in-chief,
under penalty of death, to enter
tain or receive any offer from the
Spanish lines unless it has for its
basis the absolute independence
of Cuba. Who is to carry the
offer? The fate of Ruiz is a
warning of the fate which would
await such an envoy."
for peace which had been mapped out
for Spain by American brains and
which was not so clearly seen here
at first, as it is recognized to be now,
as the only way out of the difficulty.
The good news was at once con
veyed to Senor de Bernabe at Wash
ington, so that he might tell Presi
dent McKinley of his triumph. At
the same time General Woodford, ;
who was aware of the favorable turn
j events had taken, was handed a
memorandum from the Spanish coun
cil, embodying the official account of !
: the acceptance of an armistice, with j
i a brief note of the hope that it might ■
'■ be conveyed to President McKinley
iat the earliest possible moment. I
was told that yesterday he had tele
graphed to Washington that he was
stopping here more out of form than |
for any hope he had of any good re
sults being forthcoming.
The following is a statement made
by one of the Ministers: "The proc
lamation has been telegraphed to
' Captain General Blanco and will be
issued by him to-morrow, Sunday, j
I The armistice is as to time unlimited,
| we fully hoping that peace may be
dovetailed into it.
"We specially wish the proclama
! tion of the armistice to come through j
i the hands of Captain General Blanco, j
I considering him the person most sat- |
isfactory to the United States, as the
j policy with which he has been asso- j
ciated has been one of humanity. It
|is for this reason the Government
i has placed it in his hands, hoping
that in so doing it is showing the
thoroughness of its intention."
The fact is also appreciated here
1 that Captain General Blanco is on v
SAN FRANCISCO, SUNDAY, APRIL, 10, 1898 — FORTY-FOUR PAGES.
GENERAL VIEW OF THE CITY OF MADRID.
SAILS OUT OF HAVANA
ON BOARD THE FERN
With Him Are the American Citizens Who
Remained in the Cuban Capital Up to
the Very Last Moment.
HAVANA, April 9.— The American dispatch-boat Fern, having on
board Consul-General Lee, Vice-Consul Springer and other employes of
the consulate and a number of American newspaper correspondents,
went to sea at 6 o'clock this evening, accompanied by the Bache and
the Evelyn, on which were a number of families, and the Olivette, with
147 passengers, among whom were Clara Barton, the family of Consul-
General Berndes, of Austria; George W. Childs, of the firm of Lawton
& Childs; Charles Todd, clerk of the firm of Zaldo & Co., and a number
of prominent families.
This city presents its habitual aspect of tranquillity in spite of the
announced departure of General Lee. The theaters are crowded and
the parks and principal streets are filled with people, who are cele
brating a religious festival, with admirable order being preserved.
In the interior towns the same tranquillity exists. Operations on
the stock exchange are paralyzed, but business continues to be done
in provisions, meats and other products coming from the United States.
friendly terms with General Lee, of '
whom he has always spoken well
when the American Consul was being
attacked in other quarters.
Senor Sagasta refuses entirely for :
the moment to make any statement
and the Ministers collectively con
sider the wiser policy of the moment
is discreet silence.
Few of the evening papers re
ceived the news of the armistice early
enough to make editorial comments.
The Epocha was one of the few ex
ceptions. It reflects what I told you,
that Spain has replied to the appeal
of all Europe, together with that of
the Chief of the Church.
The Correspondencia says: "It is
evident that tae pressure Of the pow
ers on the United States Government
will prove much more powerful in
favor of Spain after she has followed
The Corres, the Government organ,
says: "After this last step taken by
the powers it is impossible for this
Government, with its great respond
Copyrighted, 1898. by James Gordon Bennett.
bilities, to follow any other path
than that taken."
One indication of the effect is the
enhancement of prices on the Bourse
from the moment the armistice was
IS VERY BOASTFUL
Says War Would Last for Years or
Forever, and Would Ruin Both
Spain and America.
LONDON, April 10.— Lloyd's weekly
newspaper this morning publishes
prominently an interview with Colonel
John Hay. the American Embassador,
which remarks are of the most discreet
character. The paper also publishes an
interview with Count Derascon, the
Spanish Embassador, who is reported
to have paid:
"The sponsibillty rests wit Presi
dent McKinley. If he makes war there
will be war which will last five or six
years, or forever, and will ruin both
Spain and the United States. We shall
fully avail ourselves of letters of mar
que. The Maine was lost through the
ignorance or carelessness of her officers
IS NOW IN DESPAIR.
Cables the Vatican That There Is No
Longer Any Hope For Pre
LONDON, April 9.— The Rome corre
spondent of the Sunday Special says
Archbishop Ireland has cabled to the
Vatican as follows: "I am In despair.
There is no longer any hope for pre
Pensacola in Commission.
VAL.LEJO, April 9.— The training
ship Pensacola was placed in commis
sion this afternoon. Captain Henry
Glass commanding. In addition to the
crew, about seventy-five marines from
the barracks are quartered on board,
as a portion of the barracks is being
used as a hospital for patients removed
from the naval hospital owing to its
partial destruction by the recent earth
WILL BE SENT
IN ON MONDAY
President McKinley Has Made
No Change in His Plans Be
cause of the Armistice.
NEW YORK. April 9.— The Her
ald's Washington correspondent tele
graphs: Once more Spain is making a
desperate struggle to escape the inev
itable. Will she succeed? Official
Washington is anxiously waiting to
night the terms of the Queen's decree
proclaiming an armistice, which is to
be promulgated in Madrid to-morrow
before the rendering of the final ver
The exclusive announcement in the
Herald this morning that an armistice
was to be proclaimed by the Queen
was further confirmed by the re
ceipt of a cable from Minister
Woodford this afternoon and through
dispatches received by several of the
embassies in this city. But meager de
tails have yet come to light as to the
full scope of the Queen's last plea for
peace. Everything depends upon the
concession she has made.
Diplomacy may win after all, but
it must be stated that few public men
in Washington look for any proposi
tion which will meet the demands of
the United States to an extent that
will avert the carrying out of the
President's programme of forcible
intervention to put an end to Spanish
misrule in Cuba.
Since the receipt of Minister Wood
ford's cable this afternoon several
members of the Cabinet, who are fa
miliar with its contents, have told
me that it had not changed the Pres
ident's plan of sending his message
to Congress on Monday next. They
stated, however, that it would be safe
to wait for the full particulars of the
NEWS OF THE DAY.
Weather forecast for San Fran
cisco: Cloudy and unsettled weather
on Sunday, with light showers early
In the morning; fresh westerly wind;
fog In the morning.
Maximum temperature for the past
San Francisco 56 degrees
Portland 64 degree*
Los Angeles 74 degrees
San Diego 62 degrees
Sacramento 74 degrees
Spain Grants an Armistice.
Lee Leaves Havanna.
Monday the Message Goes.
Americans' Insulted in Cuba.
The Maine Explosion the Thing.
Schley Ready for War.
Germany Remains Neutral.
Frank Belew to Die.
The Czar's Message to China.
A New Trial for Zola.
Assailed by Ritualists.
Big Smelters Are Silent.
San Jose's Fight for Reform.
England to Back America.
State's Prison Directors Meet-
SIXTH PAGE. .
Spanish Retrogression. v I.
Open Ports in China. it
A Market Street Sewer.
The Jury Box Scandal. -,'
Passing of an Opportunity.
The Icebound Whalers.
The Habit of Being Resigned.
"With Entire Frankness," by Henry
Racing at Emeryville-
Japanese Minister Complain*.
Coursing at Two Parks.
Awaiting Orders to March.
News Along the Water Front.
The Masontc Festival.
Baseball on Two Diamonds.
News From Across the Bay.
Fighting the Gas Company.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
NEW YORK, April 9.— The <
Washington correspondent of the <
Herald says: Senator Hanna, <
who was with the President this •
evening. In discussing the pro- •
posed armistice, said he did not -
believe that it would be satisfac- -
tory to the administration. He <
said positively that the Presi- <
dent's message would not be held <
back longer than Monday. <
Queen's decree before finally stating
that all hope for a peaceful solution
The prevailing impression is that
Spain has not gone far enough to
meet our demands or to justify the
administration in reopening diplo
matic negotiations for the purpose of
coming to an agreement.
I was informed at one of the foreijrn
embassies which has been most deeply
concerned in the efforts to induce Spain
to proclaim an armistice that the Queen
Regent had taken such an advanced
step that the United States would be
put in a humiliating position in the
eyes of the nations of the world if we re
fused to entertain the nev peace pro
posals offered by the Madrid authori
The armistice, as understood by the
foreign representatives, who are nego
tiating to procure the acceptance of
NEWS OF THE DAT.
Births, Marriages and Deaths.
The Day in the Churches.
Inspection of High Schools.
The Commercial World.
Chemistry to Find Crime.
Lost on Chllcoot Pass.
Girls Play Basket Ball.
High School Sports.
' 'Resurrection. ' '
Egg-Rolling on the White Hoas*
Three Most Beautiful Women In th«
The Duel In the Air.
Call's Camera Artist Abroad.
How to Become a Minister.
Waterlogged in Mldocean.
Fighting for Islam.
Btories of Easter Hats.
• TWENTY-EIGHTH PAGB.
Thomas Jefferson's Opinion on Cuba.
Easter Day at Mission Dolores One
Hundred Years Age.
Favorite Easter Menus.
For Boys and Girls.
The New Charter.