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Til & ***'*'*'
TUESDAY APRIL 12, 1898
JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor.
• Address All CommunJcationstoJV^jS^JLJ^
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Telephone Main 1868.
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noon. April 18.
California Jockey riuo. Oakland — Races.
By KiUlp &. Co.— Thl» aay, April 12. Horses, atcorner Van Ness
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By N. B. >'l;irk This day, April IS, Turkish Ru*B, at 108
Grant av.>n;;'' .11 i 0 clock.
TWEEDLEDUM AND TWEEDLEDEE.
THE Westminster Gazette is an ever-flowing
fountain whence gushes and bubbles a quality of
wisdom not to be sneezed at. In a recent issue
it affirms that the destruction of the Maine will not
be treated as casus belli, but as warranting outside
interference. This country views the two processes
as sustaining about the same relation to each other
that six does to half a dozen. If there is any differ
ence between casus belli and a state of facts warrant
ing interference, the interference being certain to
provoke war, the distinction is too delicate to be
Either the destruction of the Maine was deliber
ately planned, or it was the result of treachery such
as Spain ought to have been the first and keenest in
deploring, or it was an accident. That the latter is the
correct supposition nobody believes, and Spain has
not been detected in the act of expressing regrets.
It became the plain duty of this country to interfere.
It could not do so without accusing Spain. If the
crime was not casus belli, then the accusation cer
tainly was, so the same point is reached by either
When the war shall be over, provided war come, it
is to be hoped the Gazette will find time to explain
tli* difference between its tweedledum and its tweedle
dce. and how the war presumed to happen without
waiting for the essential casus.
(\ WEST INDIAN STATION.
rlj ROM the promptness with which the Senate
Committee on Foreign Relations dealt with the
bill providing for the purchase of the island of
St. Thomas it is probable that sentiment in Congress
is favorable to the acquisition, and the purchase may
be made as speedily as it is possible for diplomacy
to arrange for it. Events now occurring show the im
portance to us of a naval station and depot of sup
plies in the West Indies, and the islands which Den
mark desires to sell us are in every respect suited for
It is clear that it would be unadvisable for the
United States to undertake the government of any ex
tensive West Indian possession or of any considerable
West Indian population. For that reason the annex
ation of Cuba or of Porto Rico in the event of suc
cessful war with Spain would hardly be undertaken.
Equal objections could be urged to the annexation of
any of the larger islands. No such objections exist
in the case of the group of islets which Den
mark desires to sell. The only value they have is the
harbor in the island of St. Thomas. The area is
small and the population can never be large. The
group is an ideal one for a naval station, and the very
fact that it is not likely to contain any large number
of people, which renders it comparatively valueless to
Denmark as a colony, makes it the more attractive to
We would have no need for any of the group except
St. Thomas, but as Denmark would not sell that with
out the others we will have to take them all if we take
any. The price asked is $5,000,000. This seems a
large sum for what is but little more than a group
of rocks and sand, but the value of the islands is not
in their industrial but their naval possibilities. It
is not too much for us to pay for a naval station in a
portion of the sea so near to us as that which sur
rounds the West Indies. The subject has long been
under consideration. Some of our ablest statesmen
have advocated it, and in this juncture we can see that
a great mistake was made in not completing the pur
chase years ago.
Prince yon Isenberg-Bernstein of Berlin is willing
to accept a rich wife, Americans not barred. Here
is an opportunity not likely to be overlooked. The
Prince could be had at a bargain, for his great object
in throwing himself upon the market is to raise 900
marks wherewith to repay a loan negotiated with his
tmsting cook. The manifestation of a desire to re
pay this shows the Prince to be far superior to the
aveiage article for sale to the maiden all forlorn
\vho?e papa has money and is in other respects mostly
Carolus Duran. the portrait painter, has named the
three women whom he regards as the most beautiful
in England, France and America, respectively. Yet
there may be others who have not had the honor of
paying the gentleman a large sum for having their
beauty transferred to canvas.
Announcement is made that on account of the
prisoners there Morro Castle is not to be bombarded.
This will be far more satisfactory than to refrain for
fear of giving offense to Spain.
Whatever may be the ability of Sagasta, certainly
he is not acting the part of a diplomat in seizing every
opportunity to insult this country. People do not
like it v \
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
THE message will be carefully read by every citi
zen. It is the most important state paper since
Lincoln's inaugural and his first call for troops.
It is the document which may break the peace of God
and the nations, and was written in the full sense of
the responsibility it creates for this Government in
taking so momentous a step.
Its historical review of the Cuban situation is a les
son to the world, enforcing the joint responsibility
of governments for the world's peace, and suggesting,
as its best guarantee, that good government which is
the sole source of peace and content on the part of
subjects and citizens. The interest of this country,
through its commerce and the personal rights of its
citizens, invited to domicile and investment in Cuba
by the laws of Spain, is graphically put. The narra
tive of diplomacy, the desire to leave Spain
free to adjust within a reasonable time her dif
ferences with insurgent subjects, and her responsibility
for failure, is plainly stated. The message demon
strates that the incidents common to civil war have
assumed aggravated forms in Cuba. On both sides the
struggle has descended from the plane of war to that
of common murder. Non-combatants have none of
the rights and protection demanded by the laws of
war. There is none of that discrimination which
modern civilization has written into the war code of
the world to mitigate the horrors of carnage. Our
right to intervene by force, the only effective way, is
put on grounds that justify us in the eyes of the world.
No demand is made to effect the dismemberment of
Spain. The Junta and their sympathizers will criticize
this position, and it may be the subject of d-astic
comment on the President. It must not be forgotten,
however, that this great issue must be treated en
tirely as an American question. A right reading of
the message amply discloses that to be the strong
purpose of the President. A demand for independ
ence of Cuba and the installation of the Junta as the
ruling power of the island in place of Spanish
authority is a demand for the dismemberment of a
European power. Spain has for months sought a
European alliance and has been denied. The powers
have seen in the issue no European question as a
foundation for such alliance. Our administration has
not moved a hair's breath off American giound, and
is now put by the message as an intervenor in asser
tion of its clear American rights, and to the world is
presented in a position highly satisfactory to other
nations as a humane protector of the rights of person
and property common to all civilization and necessary
to its existence. The exercise of further powers by
the President passes from the devices of peace to the
ways of war. The purse and the sword are committed
to Congress by the constitution. That body must now
act. It may limit its action to the use by the Presi
dent of our whole military and naval strength in
Cuba to put an end to hostilities, or it may go as
much further as it choose and make a specific declara
tion of war against Spain, which will point to reprisals
upon that nation of such nature as Congress may dic
tate. Armed intervention to secure peace in Cuba will
of course be taken by Spain as a hostile declaration,
and she will treat it as a declaration of war, and the
struggle is inevitable.
The President has wisely refused to make the cause
of Spain of common interest to continental Europe,
as would be the case if we demand dismemberment.
He has left her in that retributive isolation which is
the punishment of misgovernment. and has so planned
her position and our own that she must cease military
operations in Cuba and herself grant independence to
the island on such terms as she can make.
The country has not failed to note the intrusion of
partisanship in the form of Senator Butler's resolution
attempting to forestall the orderly action of the Com
mittee on Foreign Affairs. Butler's plan enables Spain
to draw the card she has sought in a European alli
ance against the United States. As an agent of the
Junta that Senator is willing to involve this country
in a struggle of surpassing magnitude to help the des
perate and sel6sh purpose of a few men who want to
secure supreme power in Cuba to the exclusion of
their island countrymen who have been bearing the
brunt of war while they have been doing office work
in New York.
The President's policy will disembarrass Cuba from
Spanish rule and enfranchise her people with power
to choose their own Government. If the Junta de
serve to be that Government they should inaugurate
the rule of the majority by assenting to it.
POSTAL SAVINGS BANKS.
AMONG the measures which were expected of
Congress at this session was one providing
for the establishment of postal savings banks.
The Postmaster-General recommended the adoption
of such a plan, and so favorably was the recommen
dation received throughout the country that for a
time there seemed every reason for the hope that the
proposed banks would be provided.
Secretary Gage, however, has pointed out one ob
jection to the undertaking which under present con
ditions seems insuperable. This lies in the uncertainty
that prevails in the monetary system of the nation.
As he says, in the establishment of banks by which
the Government would be brought into fiduciary re
lations with millions of its people, the consideration
of first importance is the money standard which is to
measure in the future the value of the savings fund
to the depositors.
Referring to the many bills which have been sub
mitted to him, the Secretary responded in a recent
message to the Senate Committee: "I discover no
where in any of these bills any agreement or pledge
as to the form of money in which depositors are to
be paid." He then proceeded to put the issue in this
"If one of the humblest parties to the proposed
contract should ask the postmaster agent to whom he
should hand his accumulated earnings, now as good
as gold, 'Will my money, when I draw it out, be in
gold or in its fair equivalent?' what answer will you
authorize your agent to make? At present he can
make no specific answer."
Even the most earnest advocate of postal savings
banks must admit that this objection is fatal to the
establishment of such banks until the money question
has been settled. Here, then, is another reason why
that all-important issue should be dealt with at once.
So long as the value of the money of the nation is
subject to the least doubt or to the changes of politi
cal contests so long will many projects of national
good have to wait. Monetary reform is imperative.
Even the stress of war should not bepermitted to
force its postponement a single day beyond the time
necessary to give it full consideration before action.
Speculation is now rife as to how war would affect
the reconcentrados. Certainly it could not more than
starve them to death, and in the absence of war they
are already starving faster than it is convenient to
Perhaps it would not be asking too much of the .
Spanish, that ; in pelting Minister Woodford with
eggs, as they are like, by way of promoting the en
tente cordiale, to do^ they^e *#ood quality, of egg*.
THE BAN FRANCISCO CALL, TUESDAY, APRIL 12, 1898.
AN interior paper indulges in the following re
flections: "The country has been tricked,
robbed, plundered of over $50,000,000 by the
money sharks of Wall street. At the time Congress
voted the money it was led to believe it would be
used by our Government to put this country in a posi
tion to wreak vengeance on Spain for the loss of our
magnificent battle-ship and the lives of her brave
crew. The money is being spent and is pouring
rapidly into the coffers of these same Wall-street
brokers, and it looks as though the whole thing was
only a job of theirs to wring more mammon from the
That is a very inflammatory attack upon our own
Government. It may gratify that class of partisans
who think that votes may be gained by trying to
make our people believe that the President is another
Weyler, and that the American people have chosen
tc represent them officers who are devoid of honor
and honesty. While the object of such incendiary
politics is apparent, the pursuit of it by such means is
full of danger. The writer fails to explain how the
money is being spent for the benefit of Wall street,
how it comes to be pouring into the coffers of the
brokers, or how its expenditure is for purposes other
than the defensive and offensive preparations neces
sary to put the country on a war footing. What have
the Wall-street brokers to sell to the Government for
such purposes? What has the Government bought of
them for any purpose that they are getting the money
rapidly into their coffers?
The charge is that the President is guilty of an im
pcachable offense and that Congress is unfit for its
duties. If we have a Congress unanimously incapable,
for every member voted for that appropriation, and
an administration both unfit and dishonorable, the
republic itself stands impeached as unfit for self
government. The fact is, as all fair men know, that
what has been spent of the $50,000,000 confided to the
President has gone in the purchase of ships of war
abroad; in hastening the construction of those on the
ways in our own yards; in swelling the force of every
navy-yard to emergency limits in putting existing
ships, rams and torpedo-boats in condition to fight,
and in the completion, transportation and mounting
of guns to defend our sea ports. It has been spent in
small arms and equipments, tents and supplies for
our land forces; in getting transport-ships ready to
send those forces to the scene of action. It has been
invested in powder, of which three months ago there
was not enough in the country to last one day in
war, and in putting that powder into condition for
its various uses, from the charge needed for the
great guns on ship and shore to fixed ammunition for
the use of small arms in the hands of our marines and
of our infantry and cavalry.
These arc the purposes for which every dollar has
gone, and as a result the military strength of the
country is now ready for the most efficient exertion.
To lie about that expenditure and charge malfeas
ance therein against the President is to indulge a
treasonable temper and pander to disloyalty in a time
when the country needs the cheerful support of all
who deserve the honor of its citizenship. The man
who will spread such black-hearted falsehoods and
idiotic treason is a jack-Spaniard, discrediting his
own country and doing his low best to put it at a dis
advantage. If he were on a man-of-war he would be
tray her to the enemy to discredit the President. If
he stood guard at a fortification he would surrender
it. He has in him the treason of Arnold and the
cowardice of Hull. If he and his kind propose per
sistence in such courses in the expectation that it will
lead their party into power, we notify all such, now,
that the American people will wipe out such an or
ganization and leave as its only monument the stench
that rises where it rots.
PONOMA OR NICARAGUA.
AFTER having spent about a month in making
an inspection of the work now going on along
the route of the proposed Panama canal, the
International Commission is announced to have sat
isfied itself as to the outlook and has sailed for New
York on its way to Europe. It is not known what
report the commission will make, but our dispatches
announce there is good reason to believe the mem
bers were favorably impressed with what they saw,
and will in all probability recommend a continuance
of the work.
The contrast between the persistence of the French
in continuing the work at Panama and the long delay
and vacillation of Congress in providing for the con
struction of the projected canal at Nicaragua is by
no means creditable to the United States. It becomes
all the darker for us when we consider the circum
stances under which the Panama scheme is being
pushed forward. The project is handicapped by the
enormous losses sustained under the first promoters
and by the shameful scandals connected with the ex
penditure of its funds. These were bad enough to
discredit even the most promising enterprise, and yet
in the face of them the French go on with the great
undertaking, while in Washington all the talk and all
the energy directed toward the Nicaragua canal ac
complish nothing more than the appointment of a
new commission every three or four year, to go down
and make a junketing survey of the route.
The people of the United States would not like to
believe that the European capitalists who are back
ing the Panama canal have enough influence in Con
gress to block the Nicaragua project. It is
not to be suspected that an American legis
lator would permit any money power to in
duce him to delay the construction of a canal
under American control for the purpose of
allowing the construction of one under European
control. The canal that connects the Atlantic with
the Pacific will be of vital importance to the United
States in times of war as well as of great value in
times of peace. To permit it to pass into the hands
of foreign powers would be almost like treason to the
welfare of the nation. That, however, is what will
happen if we wait while France works.
To one of a doubting nature the terms of the pro
posed armistice seem to be a request for the United
States to keep its hands off until the Spanish can get
into good shape for changing the request into a de
mand. However, in dealing with a nation so frank
and open and honorable as Spain, so crowned with
the glory of unblemished integrity, so benign and so
chivalrous, such suspicions are of course out of
The Havana paper which accuses Lee of having
run away may possibly have later a chance to apolo
gist to him. Lee might run back in a manner even
more impressive than his leaving.
There is a sentiment in this country that the ships
bearing Americans away from Havana ought to be
convoyed by a fleet of armored cruisers.
Probably th« tragedy of the Chilkoot has robbed
mpttqr * golden dream of all its glamor.
HE MAY BE THE KING OF ENGLAND.
This Is the portrait of Prince Edward of York, son of the Duke of York and
grandson of the Prince of Wales. If he lives long enough he will sit on the
throne of England. The picture is reproduced from the London Graphic.
It was drawn from a portrait made especially for a presentation stamp and
portrait album to be given to the Prince of Wales. The album is to contain the
pictures of little contributors to the Prince of Wales Hospital fund.
OUR NAVAL VICTORIES
AT THE beginning of the war of the
revolution, says Cameron in the
Chicago Times-Herald there was
no American navy. However, the
continental privateers managed to capture
about 800 English vessels and 12,000 prison
ers, 500 of them soldiers in some of the
best English regiments. In the two years'
naval war with France the fighting was
all done by the navy," which captured SO
of the enemy's vessels and ' about 3000
men. The wars with the Barbary pirates
were also brought to a satisfactory end
by the unaided efforts of the navy, the
United States securing privileges not
granted to European. powers. It was in
the war of 1812. however, that our navy
won its greatest victory by whipping the
British after it had defeated the com
bined sea forces of the world. Over 1500
British ships were taken and over 20,000
British seamen were j made prisoners.
Finally in the Mexican war, though there
was not much chance for naval co-opera
tion with the land forces, . when, the
chance did come at Vera Cruz the navy
It is not necessary to detail all the vic
tories of the American navy to prove its'
efficiency. The more important are suffi
cient, and such names as Paul • Jones,
Oliver Hazard Perry, Lawrence and the
others who won the victories ought to
be enough to inspire their successors . to
their best and bravest deeds.
The first naval engagement cf th 3 revo
lution was off Machi:is. Me., when the
British armed schooner Margaretta was
whipped and captured. After "that-iel
lowed a long list of minor engagements,
in which Esek Hopkins, first commander
in-chief of the navy, took a number of
English ships. The edge of these victor
ies was dulled a little, however,, by the
defeat of the American fleet on Lake
Champlain under Benedict Arnold.
And then came the first prominent ap
pearance of Captain John Paul Jones, who
i.' the eld Providence picked up fifter.i
British prizes late in '76. In April, '78, he
rruile that daring attack on Whiteaay>n,
ar.d in September, '79, defeated the .Eng
lish ship Serapis in the German Ocean
with the Bonhomme Richard (named af
ter "Poor Richard," or Benjamin Frank
lin), which sank the next day.
The two important battles in the naval
war with France were fought by the good
old frigate Constellation, under Commo
dore Truxton. The first of these was off
St. Kitts. an island in the West Indian
group, where, after an hour's fighting,
Truxton compelled the French frigate
L'lnsurgente to strike., her colors.- In
February, 1799, that was. A year later
the same vessel and the same commander
administered a drubbing to the French La
Vengeance, but allowed her to escape in.
a squall. -■•...
In the war with the Barbary States the
capture of the American ship Philadelphia
and its subsequent destruction by Deca-.
tur and the bombardment of Tripoli, by
Commodore Preble were the important
engagements. The first. was a serious
loss, but the bombardment was sufficient
to secure American . shipping ; against the
raids of the Barbary pirates.
The war of 1812 was ", productive of a
number :of glorious American victories.
The first of these, after numerous pre
liminary skirmishes, came on August 19,
when the frigate Constitution (now the
Newport school ship) , under Isaac Hull ,
captured the British frigate Guerriere. In
the next month Lieutenant Elliott cap
tured the brigs Detroit ■> and i Caledonia,
from under the guns of Fort Erie, the
latter afterward serving in Perry's fleet.
It was only a few days later that the
frigate United States | captured .the Brit
ish Macedonia off Madeira, the British
loss being 104 and the American eleven-
A couple of months later the Constitu
tion captured the -.riti&h ship Java off
Brazil, and in February of 1813 the Amer
ican sloop Hornet stung and captured the
But after that came a defeat, the de
feat of Lawrence in the Chesapeake by
the British frigate Shannon. It was the
••Dont-give-up-the-ship" Lawrence, and
in this engagement he was mortally
wounded. For inflicting the defeat the
freedom of London was voted to Captain
Broke, the English commander, and a
fine ■ sword was presented to him. The
defeat was not long ."• unavenged, how
ever, for a couple of months after Cap
tain William Henry Allen in the sloop
Argus ! captured the British sloop Pelican
in the English Channel, and a month
later the American Enterprise took the
Boxer. . __
Then came Perry's victory, the "We
have-met-the-enemy - and - they-are-ourß'
victory over the English fleet In Lake
Erie. Six vessels were the prize in this
engagement, a sad loss to England, an
encouraging lift to the United States.
And then the sloop Peacock, which the
Americans had taken , from the British,
was used to : capture - - another ' British
ship, the brig Epervler, off the coast of
Wales. The prise was sold for $55,000, and
1118,000 in specie was found on board. This
was the first good victory of 1814. It was
Boon followed by another, when the
American ship Wasp captured the Rein
deer. , Later ■ she took - the : British ! At
lanta, but soon after disappeared, no one
knows how, but forever. • - . .
And next the second battle of Lake
Champlain, an American " victory ~ this
time, when Commodore ■ .•. homas McDon
ough. with fourteen vessels and eighty
six guns, defeated the British fleet of six
teen vessels and - ninety-six guns under
George Downle. • Fifty- two killed and as
many wounded was the American loss,
the British twice as much. •
The first naval struggle of 1815 brought
an American defeat, the > President, un
der Decatur, being captured by a British
fleet' Just out of ■■ New York harbor. A.
month c later the Constitution captured
the l British frigate Cyane : and the brigr
Levant, and three days after the Hornet,
under Captain | Nicholas Biddle, captured
the British Penguin oft the : coast of Bra
zil. This ' was the ' last •■ naval - battle ■of
i—c - war ■of • 1813, and ■ practically : the • last
American battle with s any s foreign foe.
; ■ That Is not by any means ? a full record
L* ife* ,4ffeiic%a fc*yal *• ylftorigu but
enough of them have been given to show
the quality of American fighting on the
sea. if the navy now can do as well
there will be little danger of defeat in
any threatened trouble.
There s a cry convs up from along the shore,
A cry from a hundred towns or more
Each with its corporation where
It catches the salt Atlantic air.
There isn't a village from North to South
That hasn't a cry for help in its mouth
For each one seems to think that it
Is the only one that can be hit.
That Spain will send on their quickest runs
Her biggest ships with their biggest guns,
To shoot that village so full of holes
The Eea will run through it In great big rolls.
There's a wall from Plgmont-by-the-Sea,
There s a soulful sob from Windwardlee,
There s a protest coining from La Podunk,
There s an urgent call from Sklnnymebunk,
There's a yearning yelp from Cow's-Nesthurst,
I here s a long appeal from Morningburst,
in ere k a sounding shout from Skilletvllle,
ihere s a frightened yell from Bunghole Hill.
They're coming in from the coast of Maine
To the Key West line and back again.
From every municipality
In sight or in smell of the sounding sea.
Each seems to think that the Spanish spite
Is centered upon that one townsite.
And that the Government ought to arise
In Its might to preserve this one choice prize.
But they need not worry: If the Spanish ships
f^ome over this way in a quest for tips.
The lankees will keep them so busy that
They never will learn where these towns are at.
— \V. J. L. in New York Sun.
Franklin Leonars of Nevada is at the
C. H. Wilson of Boston Is a guest at
L. H. Garrigus, a merchant of Salinas
is at the Lick.
T. D. Day of Duluth. Minn., Is staying
at the California.
A. G. Miles of New York arrived at the
Robert Nixon Jr. of the Treka Journal
Is a guest at the Grand.
Horace R. Kelly, a New York capitalist,
is a guest at the Palace.
T. J. Donovan, a mining man of Ven
tura, is staying at the Grand.
Dr. A. M. Gardner of the Napa Insane
Asylum is a guest at the Lick.
J. "W. Cook and wife of Bohemia, Or.,
are registered at the Occidental.
Henry Page, U. S. A., is at the Occi
dental, where he arrived last night.
George W. Middleton of Yokohama is
one of the late arrivals at the Palace.
Among yesterday's arrivals at the Bald
win are C. H. Hanlon and wife of San
F. J. Brandon, clerk of the State Sen
ate, is registered at the Grand from Sac
W. E. Ross of Minnesota is a guest at
the Occidental. He Is accompanied by
Mr. and Mrs. Lee L. Gray have come
down from Fresno and are registered at
Mrs. Phebe Hearst has com© down
from her ranch at Pleasanton and ia
staying at the Palace.
Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Adams of New
York and James F. Peck of Merced are
all registered at the Lick.
Thomas Farhed and W. W. Farvell are
two young Englishmen at the Palace who
are traveling for pleasure.
H. Prinz, a merchant of Monterey, is at
the Grand on his way to Germany, where
he is going to visit relatives.
Dr. Chester Rowell. a regent of the
State University, is at the Grand, where
he arrived last night from Merced.
George O. Brown of Chicago, together
with his wife and a party of friends, Is
at the Palace on a visit of leisure to the
Richard Gibson, who in his editorial
work on Town Talk did much to make
it the success it is, has resumed his con
nections with that paper.
The condition of Warden Anil, -who is
staying at the Grand, has taken such a
turn for the better that it is hoped a
fatal termination may be avoided.
General Manager Kruttschnltt of the
Southern Pacific Company has returned
from his trip over the southern sections
of his road and has resumed the duties
of his office, as well as taken up the re
sponsibilities of his new office, that of
ROYAL is the only Baking
Powder ) that will keep
fresh and of full strength
in the climate of the Yukon.
ROYMJUKINQ PQWQtR QQ. t NtWVORK.
fourth vice-preeident, to which he was
elected at the last meeting of the board
J. F. Thompson, editor and proprietor
of a leading newspaper of Northern Cal
ifornia, the Daily Standard of Eureka,
is in town. Mr. Thompson IP a delegate
to the I. O. O. F. convention and a prom
inent member of that order. S
Assistant General Manager J. H. Fill
more of the Southern Pacific and H. J.
Small, superintendent of motive power,
left last night to go over the line as far
as El Paso, where they will meet L. S.
Thome, vice-president and general man
ager of the Texas Pacific, and D. W. Dod
ridge of the Wabash road. The purpose
of the meeting is to talk over and ar
range some comparatively unimportant
details of freight and passenger traffic.
Mr. Fillmore and Mr. Small will probably
be gone about eight or ten days.
charm about life
Id Tahiti." said
a gentleman who
has just returned
to the city from
a long sojourn
"Summer Isles of Eden.' lying "In dark
purple spheres of sea." "is the utter ab
sence of all conventionality. Art and na
ture are Just the same in the land of th«
cocoanut and the cannibal, and the only
difference between the white settler and,
the dusky aborigine is the time It will
take the latter to get down to the lower
standard of vlciousness which has been
reached by the former after traveling for
centuries along the paths of civilization.
Missionaries go down from this country
to teach the poor benighted heathan how
to shoot straight with the moral bow and,
arrow, and after passing a coupl* of
years doing twice as much harm by their
example as they do good by their pre
cepts, return home to the congregation*
that sent them there and are entertained
and feted while they spin fairy stories
about the privations and hardships they
have endured while laboring in the Lord"a^
savage island vineyards. A fair Idea ->«■▼
what these fellows really amount to may
be gathered by the following little inci
dent that recently came under my ob
"I occupied a small cottage on the out
skirts of Papeete, where I was often tha
host to a number of characters whosa
paths in life were widely different, but
whose natural instincts and passions, to
which they all gave free rein, were about
the same. One afternoon I was honored
by a call from a well-known missionary,
who had hardly seated himself when tha
door was opened to give admittance to a
gambler by the name of Poker Jack Nes
bitt. We all sat and chatted for a few
moments, when I recollected I had an
errand to perform, and, placing a larga
bottle of rum and some cigars on tha
table, excused myself, telling them to
make themselves at home until I re
turned. I was gone for about an hour,
and when I drew near my house on my
return I was surprised to meet my house*
keeper running toward me with her hai#
flowing down her back and an expres
sion of great consternation on her face.
I stopped her and asked what was tha
matter. As soon as she could catch her
breath she said in the native language:
'Matter? Matter enough. Hurry to tha
house. Poker Jack and the missionary
have drunk up all the rum, and now tha
man of God is eating the degenerate one.'
I at once entered my shanty and found
that she had hit pretty near the truth.
Both of the fellows had become beastly
intoxicated and gotten into a fight, which
had resulted in the missionary nearly
chewing the thumb off the gambler's
"Some day that preacher will return to
civilization and tell of the spiritual hun
ger that he devoted his time to appeas
ing in the South Seas."
THE PRESIDENTS FORTITUDE.
The President is bearing a tremendous
burden with admirable moral fortitude
and thus far with few signs of physical
weariness. There is every reason to be
lieve that his tranquillity will continue to
be proof against the malice of a. few
turbulent detractors.— New York Tribune.
The coolness, patience and dignity with
which President McKinley has handled
the Cuban question are winning their re
ward. Even Germany now professea
sympathy with the United States. — Buf
CORNING TiiK OLD WORLD.
Europe called last year for 200,000,009
bushels of American maize, an increase of
65.000,000 bushels over 1596. The merits of
this great cereal are dawning on the Old
HAS A WARLIKE TONE.
No matter how Commodore Schley pro
nounces his name he will soon have an.
excellent oportunity to make the Spanish
fear it.— St. Louis Republic.
Cal. glace fruit 50c per lfo at Townsend's.«
Special information supplied daily to
business houses and public men by th»
Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Mont
gomery street. Telephone Main 1042. •
Fine writing papers, in all the new
shapes, sizes and tints, "Waterman" and
"Swan" fountain pens. Koh-i-noor pencils
and all kinds of stationery for either office
or home use at the lowest possible prices
at Sanborn & Vails. •
REFLECTIONS OF A BACHELOR.
The average engaged girl haa no i*ea
how embarrassing it is to be embarrassed.
Peter was probably a married man or he
wouldn't have learned to be bo quick at
About half the men get married because
they're able to support a wife and half
because they're not.
No woman ever has such perfect con
fidence in her husband that she neve*
tries to catch him in a trap.
The women who know enough not to let
their little girls skip rope don't generally
know much about politics.
You can always tell how much natural
suspicion a woman has by watching her
when she buys strawberries.— New York
Dr. Siegkbt's Angostura Bxttxbs, the world
renowned appetizer and lnvtjjorator. Is used over
the whole civilized world. Beware of Imitations.
Thboat Diseases commence; with a Oo^yrh.
Cold or Sore Throat. ' -Brown' $ BroncMal 3Vo.
chet" give immediate and sure relief.
The following is a complete list of tha
maiden names of the mothers of the
United States Presidents: Washington
Mary Ball; John Adams, Susanna Boyl
ston; Jefferson, Jane Randolph; Madison
Nellie Conway; Monroe, Eliza Jones- j'
Q. Adams, Abigail Smith; Andrew Jack
son, Elizabeth Hutchinson; Van Buren
Maria Hoes; Harrison, Elizabeth Bassett-'
Tyler, Mary Armistead; Polk. Jane Knox :
Taylor. Sarah Strother; Fillmore, Phoebe
Millard; Pierce, Anna Kendrick; Bu
chanan, Elizabeth Speer; Lincoln, Nancy
Hanks; Johnson, Mary McDonough-
Grant, Hannah Simpson; Hayes, Sophia
Birchard; Garfleld, Eliza Ballou; Arthur
Malvina Stone; Cleveland, Annie Neal'
Harrison, Elizabeth Irwin; McKinley'
Nancy Campbell Allison. * '