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title: 'The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, July 29, 1899, Image 1',
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VOLUME LXXXVI- >'O. 59.
LAVA FROM MAUNA LOA'S
CRATER MAY REACH HILO
Kjlauea Is Also Smoking and Lively to Join in Send
ing piery Streams Down the Moun
STREAMS OF LAVA FLOWING IN THE DIRECTION OF HILO.
9 * ■ * .♦.♦■♦♦ ♦ ♦-♦-,
n J? ONOLIJLU. July 21.— P*!e Is]
gathering all who have a few
g .:::i:vr~ to spare to her fiery
: »Id. and she is playing mis- I
• siev< us rr-i-k5 over sea and land with
the srobl-te :' -- from her craters. So .
cer:s<= have been those fogs in Honolulu |
that tiie sun hci~ been cit times almost ,
bscurec, while :\r the benefit of those j
:ar:;.:.ir witn our city :et me ;i> tnat .
rar.fcj, a couple :" miles away, were
completely hidden and Punchbowl, say ■
half a mile a'*'ay. barely loomed .
through the r.::- r . whUe seaward the
i;ua:ar. ! .ir.e station was invisible. At |
sea so thick was this smoke fog around j
the islands and for SOO miles distant '
that navigation was- considerably im- |
peded. ami even the llaripo~a was de- '
Layed several hours by it.
From this it will be apparent that the ■
volcanic activity is increasing instead
of decreasing, and. ; 'moreover, there are j
strong indications that tviiau-ra. intends |
to Join in the display of fiery fountains
with her more distant lister, Mokua
The opinion of the many who have
Just returned from the scene of vol- !
canic fire with faces burned and tanned
to the color of the fashionable leather i
shoes is that the flow will continue for '
months, and will be the largest and ]
most important ever known in the
modern history of the islands.
It is a wonderful sight to watch the j
lava as in its steady flow of about half
a mile a day it meets with an obstruc- •
tion, halts like a train of ants to re- ;
ga'rd it and then butts against it.
swells up into a gigantic cone from j
which bursts another flow which grand- '
ly surmounts the barrier in its way,
flinging- broadcast fiery tongues and j
heavinar upward massive bulks of rud- j
dy rooks, which fail with a frightful
splash into the never resting rivers of i
It is almost painful to listen to the,
tales of the pioneer explorers ard their
futile endeavors to depict the grandeur j
•f the scene. They^haye the "picture in |
the mind's eye. bur they cannot paint i
it. Nature is too grand for them. They \
will go into immaterial details about [
their arduous tabors, the loss' of their j
shoes, the excruciating sensations of |
mountain sickness and the Itrgth of \
the Sow, and then end by saying, *"I [
wouldn't have missed it for ten thou- !
sand dollars, but I wouldn't do it again j
for twice the sum." It is after all one '
of those things that must be seen to i
be appreciated and that description de- •
The latest details — up to the 15th inst. J
— are that the old lava flow running j
toward Kau had stop-ped and that an
other one had broken out running in
tbout the same direction. The now
toward Hl2c had entered the forest and
had traveled about fifteen miles frcm
the crater and was moving slowly, and
at the present rate of progression
would take about three weeks before it j
reached the immediate neighborhood of
that city. Another report says that
the flow, waa^filiias w^iii^iajjia iao4 i
The San Francisco Call.
-- • ■
its. One a
. - k that a
i that have
Advices by the steamer W. G. Hall-
July IS — wer,e to the effect that the
branch of the eruptive stream which
started down toward Kapapaia has
ceased to flow, and the energy of the
eruption is not concentrated upon the
stream which may eventually reach
Hilo. The reports from that side of the
island. wh:»:h reached Kau before the
W. G. Hail left, were that the liquid
lava had reached the plateau upon
which is situated the Humuula sheep
ranch, and that a part of the pasture
land had been covered. Nothing defin
ite, however, upon this point could be
obtained, the main views from that
side having been carried down by the
Kinau. The party that started on Juiy
14 for the- source of the flow had not
returned to the Volcano House when
the W. G. Hall left.
Kilauea is, according to reports of
the latest visitors, smoking very freely,
thouch no Sre has yet broken ' out.
Heavy masses are rolling out, of the
southern end of the crater, and the
small cracks throughout the -crater
floor are giving out smoke and steam.
The heat at the sulphur bath continues
to increase, and everything points to
Sheriff Andrews got near the source
of the flow from a different direction..
He started from Honokaa and followed
the road and trail from -"Waixnea lead
ing up toward the top of Manna Kea.
This brought him above the source- of
the flow. -.r- '■'"■■■<-■•
-One flow," he cays, "started aJaout
SAX FRANCISCO, SATURDAY, JULY J9, 1699.
HI to, so that
"'The - cone or hill from which this
stream is flowing is similar in form to
Punchbowl or Diamond Head. In the
day time you can only know it is ac
tive by the fact that it is constantly
changing form, and by the terrific
noise it makes. But at night you can
see it spouting up molten lava. All of
the lava so far thrown up is the lava
which flows with a different movement
from pahoehoe lava, which advances in
a series of waves."
Frank Davey, a photographer, who
returned by the W. G. Hall, had one
of the most interesting trips of any
man who has visited the eruption.
Davey ascended Ma Una Loa on horse
back to the top, passed around the old
big crater at the summit and then pro
ceeded by foot down the side. From
the. top of the mountain to the head of
the lava flow the artist came upon and
examined eight cones or craters. They
were in succession down the side. Ail
were of considerable size, being nearly
as large as the cone of Punchbowl,
with high wails ail around, except on
the lower sides.
The first five were dead, but ap- j
peared to have been active quite re- j
cently. The sixtft was smoking. In the j
seventh was some fire and considerable |
smoke. The eighth was the wonder of ;
the series. It was belching forth smoke ;
and fire, as well as molten rocks of
great size. "The rocks ere as big as
a horse." explained Davy, "and went ;
so high in the air that they cooled be- \
fore falling again to the ground."
From this crater issued the flow that
is making toward Hilo. Mr. Davey says
that from above, where he was. it pre
sented a grand spectacle winding down
the mountain side. The artist went to ;
the very edge of the spouting crater j.
and made several pictures of it.
Davey is inclined to believe the story
that Humuuia sheep ranch is being
burned up by the flow. He says that
the flow was proceeding in that direc
tion and there was nothing to stop it
If It kept on. The speed was sufficient I
to -briss-.it- to tie ranch by this time, i
i dcs : as a
.1. S. Pratt was caught, on a knoll
high up on Jlauna Loa. on two sides of
which the lava, was flowing- The sun
was* nearly down. He' did not ' know
which way to go and spent the night
there as a det?r>erate chance, as he
thought, of life. He sat up all night
and watched the lava flow. When the
fumes were blown his way he would
have to lie down on his face to keep
from suffocating-. Next morning he
found his way out by following back
do-srn between the two flows.
— _ . | f or s
. ■ ■
HILO, Hawai!. July 14.— After a j
peaceful slumber of about eighteen !
years the- crater - of Mokuaweoweo j
near the summit of Mauna Loa. Ha- j
waii. has awakened with renewed '
vigor. Early in the morning of the 4th |
of July Madame Pele burst from her [
Ion? imprisonment, and lighted a bon- \
fire, perhaps in commemoration of the)
day. upon a mountain almost 14.000 feet I
above sea level. At about 4 o'clock in j
the momin.e a terrific explosion woke
up some of the inmates of the Volcano
House, who. upon looking out of their
windows, saw the sky all ■slow and
witnessed then and there the sight of
a lifetime. It was evident that Mckua-
we-jweo was active. No warning' had
been given of an eruption as frequently
happens — there was no earthquake nor
any smoke seen the previous night is
suing from the crater.
a Large party started from Hilo as
soon as possible for the Volcano House,
thirty miles from Hilo, thence, fully
equipped with provisions and water for
a number of days, they rode away to
the eastern base of the mountain, and
over the flow of ISSL Here the horses
were tethered where there ••as abun
dance of good grass, and then began a
long-, tedious, arduous climb of more
than twelve miles over the lava to the
head of the flow. This was beyond a
doubt the hardest part of the journey.
for it must be performed on foot, being
over id a-a and pahoehoe flows which
are so irregular that it is not safe to
ride even the most sure-footed qcadru
ped. The a-a is lava which cools rap
idly and forms a clinkery surface, yet.
although uneven, is .mostly firm and
solid and can be walked over with little
- . Continued on Second Piz*. ' ' . i
American Interests to
REVOLUTION IS HOW FEARED
This Government Will Closely
Watch the Course of Ger
many in Present Crisis.
SD^cial Dispatch to Th* Call.
LINGTON HOTEL, WASHING
TON. July 2s.— American men-o-f
--war will be on hand to look out
for American interests in the
event of a revolution and any undue
foreign interference following the as
sassination of President Heureaux of
the Dominican republic.
As a result of a conference between
Secretaries Hay and Long this after
------- orders were ...
the cruiser New Orleans to sail at once
from Newport and the gnnboat Machias
to sail as soon as repairs are completed
from St. Thomas for San Domingo. The
New Orleans is expected to reach San
Domingo about Tuesday of next week.
The Machias is having repairs made,
which will require about eight days to
complete.' She is not expected at the
seat of the threatened trouble before
abo-at the sth or <>th of August. No
specific instructions have been given to
either of the naval commanders. The
teleeraphie instructions sent them
simply directed the protection of Amer-
The New Orleans is commanded by
Captain E-Iwari Long-neeker. a capable
and discreet officer, in whom the de
partment has the greatest confidence.
The commanding officer of the Machias
is Commander Leavitt C. Lc-gan.
Officially the authorities say that
these vessels are bein^ «***.»*<*< the
Dominican Government s«ilriy as a.
precautionary measure: that the press
dispatches indicate political intrigues
which may result in revolution, and
that as American interests in the little
republic are paramount to those of any
other ccuntry it is the part of prudence
to have ampie force at hand to see that
full protection is ?iven to those inter
. As to the possibility of annexation as
an immediate outcome of the assassina
tion Secretary Hay and Secretary Long
think that it is going too fast to expect
such a result and rather discourage
this kind of talk. They do not deny,
however, that the United States may
be forced to serious responsibilities in
connection "with the future government
of San Domingo. While no detailed in
formation has been received regarding
the plot which resulted in the assassi
nation of President Heureaux it is be
lieved to be probable that it was plan
ned and executed by partisans of Jimi
nez. the revolutionary leader. It is
known that '-'■-- had lived in fear
of assassination for many months. He
had frankly announced that he pro
posed to continue the Presidency as
long as he lived.
German Interests in this republic are
considerable and President Hereaux
was stronzly backed by them. The fu
ture of the republic may depend largely
upon the course taken by the foreign
element in this crisis-. The course of
the German Government in the present
crisis will be watched with considerable
interest by the American Government.
The finances of San Dominsro are in
a bad way and merchants doing busi
ness there have little hx-pe of any ma
terial improvement unless this Govern
ment in some way takes control of
WITH MILITARY HONORS
=p«<rlal Cabl* to The Call and the N«-w Tot*
Herald. Copyrighted. 1533. by J&rses Gcr
PUERTO PLATA, via Hayti, July
Cruiser New Orleans and Gunboat Machias, Which
Have Been Ordered to San Domingo.
DEWEY SAYS OUR
NEXT WAR WILL BE
Sensational Statements Made ny the
Admiral During an Interview
p«cial Cable to The Call and Bew York Herald. Copyrighted. 1599, by
Janes Gordon. Bennett.
TRIESTE. July 28. — I had a conversation with Admiral
Dewey on board the Olympia yesterday. In reply to my
remarks that Germany had intended to interfere at Ma
•*Yes. Prince Henry of Prussia is a man of the type of his
brotner. the '_ierman .t^rnperor.
is?" I asked
"He was relieved from his Manila post in accordance with
an arrangement of long standing" and because his time was up,
not as a concession, made in friendliness to the American Gov
ernment. Germany's policy is to prevent the powers from ob
After we had spoken of Samoa as evidence ot her policy the
"We need a large and thoroughly equipped navy that can
cope with any other power. England is a natural ally and dif
ferences such as those about the V enezuelan border and fisheries
do not intenere with the inenuly understanding existing De
tv.een the two nations. Our next war will be with Germany.*'
The admiral remained on board the Olympia to-day and re
ceived Mr. Hoesteid; L rated States Consul, and a number of
The commander of the Trieste garrison offered the band of
the Eighty-seventh Regiment and sent an armed escort to the
funeral of Isaac Rask. a seaman of the Olympia. who was buried
this morning with military honors. The otter was declined, as
it was thought that Rask would have preferred to have the
music furnished by his own comrades, although the compliment
paid by the commander of the garrison was highly appreciated
and the offer would have otherwise been accepted.
Fully :0.000 persons witnessed the ceremony. The burial
service was performed by Pastor Edicus of the Lutheran Church,
to which denomination Rask belonged.
"The admiral sent a wreath of flowers several feet high and
the colors were it half-mast on the Olvmpia.
\Y hen the Olympia leaves here on I uesday she will sail in
the evening. The first port she touches at will be Naples,
where Admiral Dewey will be received as he was here.
The jOlympia may coal at Leghorn and then proceed to
Gibraltar, remaining there several days. She will then sail for
Madeira, where she will make another stop and then proceed to
X - "XT' T
New 1 ork.
_- — The late President Heureaux of
San Domingo was buried with mili
tary honors at 5 o'clock yesterday
afternoon In the cathedral at Santiago
de los Caballeros. it not being possible
to embalm the body and bring it here.
The funeral services were attended
by a large number of people and were
conducted with great solemnity. The
body had laid in state throughout the
day. The government c-f the province
superintended the public mourning.
Yesterday tnroushout the island can
non were fired hourly and flags were
placed at half-mast on all public build
ings. The Government has issued a
decree ordering a period of national
mourning for nine days.
The city of San. Dominsro is in a
state of great unrest and business there
is entirely suspended, people fearing: an
outbreak. Last night a band of armed
men attacked Mooa, -where President
Heureaux was killed, and fired several
- It is reported that the forces sup
porting the assassin have" been aug
mented considerably. The Government
has taken measures to put down any
GOMEZ AS CANDIDATE
FOR THE PRESIDENCY
U — WKh regard -
PRICE FIVE CESTTS.
the rumor that Gomez will be the next
President of the republic of Santo Do
mingo. It is stated here that the mosi
popular candidate is Senor Juan Jim!
nez. who took part in the insurrection
of June, IS9B. and who is now in Ha-
g the ra
s to his as -
- - ..
In alluding to the cafe conspirators,
Gomez made use of a contemptuous
term which is used among Cubans tc
sisnify cowards, and said he did not
believe that many men belonging to the
army would have anything to do witi
such people, who. he declared.' do not
represent Cuba, yet cause much mis
representation. He also classes a num
ber of papers in the same category.
7. Diario de la Marina and La Luch.T
express the opinion that in view of ths
present expansion policy the United
States may intervene In. Santo Do
OF BELGIAN LADS
Ejelids Pierced With Needles and
Teeth Extracted to Enforce
LONDON. July ».— The Berlin corre
spondent of the Daily News telegraphs a
story taken from a Ttfiis paper of incred
ible brutality in the works of a Beie:a~
iron company" in the Caucasus. According
to the story a number of lads who were
suspected of theft were horribly tortured
by the Belgian director and six Belgian
foremen, with a view to farcin? a confes
sion. The lads' eyelids ■were pierced with
needles, their bodies were savagely belab
ored until they lost consciousness, their
teeth were extracted, targe? stones were
forced into their mouths, and their fore
heads were hammered with the butts of
revolvers. The public prosecutor 13 now
making an investigation into the aSalr.
FROM GEORGIA MOB
Swim Down a Creek Bud Finally
Beach, the Home of
JACKSON. Ga., July 2&— The three Mor
mon elders who were taken a^ay -•- —
the home of William Curtr.ard on Wednes
day nisrht by a mob. escaped from theii
captors and are now saie near here. The?
are badly bruised. , . ,
They -=warn down the creeiS. hotly pur
sued by the mob. finally escaping- to th«
home of friends. It is not thought --,
mob intended to lynch them, but only M
escort them out of the county.
Ex-President Elasco Dead.
PAT- - July 25.— Guzman Blanco, ea
President cf Venezuela, is dead.