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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, September 09, 1899, Image 1

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VOLUME LXXXYI-XO 101.
GREAT BRITAIN WILL SEND
MORE TROOPS TO SOUTH AFRICA
But the Prospect of a Peaceable Settlement of the Con
troversy With Boers Now Seems Much
Brighter.
It is Bituated on a branch of the T'mjini, near the Transvaal border. A regiment of British infantry is stationed
cently I n made for the establishment of a permanent camp for the concentration and maneu
cture Is fp.ni a sketch made by J. Harrington several years since.
LONDON, Sept. B.— The Anglo-
Transvaal situation wears to-day
a more peaceful aspect. The As
sociated Press account of the
decisions taken at the . Cabinet
Council Friday is confirmed from the
best sources of information. In adai
tion to the troops from India a brigade
of four battalions of infantry is under
orders to start for South Africa imme
diately, one from home and three from
Mediterranean stations. The sailing :
•if the Castle liner Harleeh Castle has
teen, canceled and the steamer will
probably be employed to transport Brit
ish troops.
A semi-official statement comes from
Pretoria through Cape Town to the
C'lTect that the Transvaal Government
has explained to the British diplomatic
agent. Mr. Conyngham Greene, that its
last dispatch was meant as an accept
ance of the proposed joint inquiry into
the franchise question. It appears
that the negotiations had become so in
volved that the Transvaal Government
itself had become confused or, perhaps
for its own purposes, wished to ap
pear so.
The Cape Town correspondent of the
Daily Chronicle says:
"It was the Transvaal attitude re
garding the suzerainty question that
caused the Afrikander leaders in Cape
Colony and the Orange Free State to
col off promptly. The Transvaal has
row resumed a practical tone and the
Afrikanders are exerting a supreme ef»
fort to expedite a settlement."
The Daily Chronicle avers that Lord
Salisbury's moderating influence was
felt throughout the council. This is ex
ceedingly probable, but in any case the
Cabinet was unanimous In favor of .Mr.
Chamberlain sending a strong dispatch
demanding a categorical answer to the
proposals Sir Alfred Mil her submitted
to the Bloemfontein conference.
The Times thinks "something more
than this might have been demanded,
but the Cabinet's decision meets with
universal approval; and pending devel
opments nothing further will be done."
PRETORIA, Sept ?,.— (Midnight)
The Government has issued a formal
announcement that its last dispatch
v as Intended as an acceptance of the,
Joint inquiry. The mistaken interpre
tation arose through a confusion of
ideas.
Both President ETruger and Vice Pr?s-
Joubeti declare tl . c de
: -rk for a , ettle
rr.ent.
BRITISH CABINET
CONSIDERS CRISIS
LONDON, Sept. S.— The Cabinet
Council here to-day attracted greater
public attention than any meeting of
the Ministers for years pasr. A well
dressed crowd of 2000 to 3000 people im
patiently thronged the precincts of the
UNCLE S AM WILL
REMAIN NEUTRAL
° CALL HEADQUARTERS. WELLINGTON HOTEL, WASHING- O
O TON, f-ept. 3.— Because of the large number of Americans employed in Q
O tho Transvaal the authority are closely watching developments in q
O the diplomatic engagement between the London Government and Presl- Q
& dent ICru^er. Considerable effort is being made to secure the interfer- Q
o <■■■'■■ 01 thio Government, but beyond an Intention to be strictly neutral
Z. and at the tmrne time fully protect Americans and their interests, the "
° authorities do not propose to go. It is true there are about 2000 Amerl- ©
© cans In the Transvaal, but practically all are in the employ of British Q
© mine-owner*. Few Americans have any interest in mines. As has been Q
O Stated, the administration naturally sympathizes with the efforts of g
o Great Britain to secure Jufi*>f for the Outlandern, but It has no inten- O
o lion Of Interfering in ar^ay, especially as the British Government O
* »eemn- determined to either compel the Transvaal to comply with its q
X demands or to annex territory. The report that American Consuls in Q
° Germany had reported that the Boers had purchased large quantities
O of arms in that country in denied by State Department officials. q
8000000000000000 000 00000000000 00 0
TOWN OF LADY SMITH, NATAL.
Ign Office throughout the session,
rly scrutinizing the faces of those
.■. in the h< ■{ f ob
taming a glimmering of the. outcome of
the- momentous meeting. The generals
wen- enthusiastically cheered as they
appeared, the crowd evidently under
standing '.hat they had bf-en summoned
to be in readiness in the event of the
Ministers wishing their advice.
Mr. Chamberlain, th<- Secretary of
State for the Colonies, and thi> Karl "f
Selbourne, :h»- Under Secretary, were
irrivais among the officials
a;,d were followed by Field Marshal
S . the commander in chief
i -f the- army; General Sir Redvers Bull
er, who. it [ a said, will have the field
mand in the »-v.-nt >>:' a war with
the Transvaal, and General Sir Evelyn
' Wood, adjutant general.
\ The arrival of Lord Salisbury, the
Premier, was the signal f<vr tremendous
cheering. »Xt came th- Duke <~<f Dev
onshii . the Lord President of the lo
cal Government Board, and the Earl of
tury, the Lord High Chancellor,
who passed unnoticed. As showing- the
importance of th» meeting of the Coun
cil Under Secretaries Wynham of the
War Departmeni and Broderick of the
Ign Office were summoned to at-
I
The Ministers came out arm in arm.
laughing, chatting, greatly contrasting
with the manner in which they went in.
Lord Salisbury again received an ova- i
tion.
The council was marked by absolute !
Imlty, and in spite of a lack of
official information and the presence of
much corroborative evidence that the
situation Is scarcely less strained there !
■ signs >t any intention to convene
lament and no Immediate n
to call i ''it t he reserves. It
lowever, that the appeals
from the <>< vernment of Natal will re
sult in th*- dispatch of a large body of
troops from England and India to Natal
: a rid ' 'ape ( !olony.
THIS DISPATCH GIVES
MOST WARLIKE NEWS
LONDON, Sept S A special dispatch
received here to-day from Lady Smith,
Natal, sayß thai the British troops
there are actively engaged in ma
rs ovei the hilly country, suose
quent to a parade of the force ''<>n
tinuing, the dispatch says: "With the
transportation and equipment, tip
lir: •■• s t ever seen In South Africa, rind
the health of the men i xcellent, every
thing in ready for war. All thi> advices
confirm the presence of a large number
i if armed Boers on the border. They
are described as being bellicose, and it
is rumored tha' they have completed
arrangements to poison all pools and
springs that might Bupply the invading
force with water. Unrest is reported
among the Natal natives, and this, it
is suspected, is due to Boer Influences."
SIGNIFICANT MOVES
OF THE BRITISH TROOPS
BOMBAY, Sept. B.— The Nineteenth
Hussars and the Twenty-first Field
Battery of Artillery have been ordered
S
|to leave Seeunderabad for the Trans
, vaal September 18.
LONDON, Sept. S.— Sir William
Francis Butler, who was recently re
lieved as commander of the British
troops in South Africa by Sir General
Frederick Forestier Walker, arrived in
this city to-day. He reported at the
j War Office and was consulted in regard
to the situation in South Africa.
The Times in its special edition to
; day published a dispatch from Mafe
king which said: Colonel Baden-Powell
win review the troops at Slamathla
bama to-morrow. Large numbers of
B era are moving: about the border near
there. There is uneasiness over the
i number of Transvaal Dutch here. It
is feared they might join the invaders
! in case of a raid.
The correspondent of the Times at
Newcastle, Natal, says: "There would
, be little surprise here if th>- Boers as-
I sumed the aggressive immediately. It is
a matter of astonishment that so few
British troops are in the country, espe
cially on the western border."
NOT AN ULTIMATUM,
BUT VERY NEAR IT
LONDON, Sept. B.— The Pall Mall
I Gazette says: "No official account has
been Issued of to-day's «'abinet meet
: ing, and it is highly improbable that
one will be permitted to appear. From
authoritative sources we are in a po
i sition to state with what we believe to
be substantial accuracy the result of
their momentous deliberations. There
is every reason to believe Mr. Chamber
lain's dispatch was found to contain a
telling exposition of the British case.
with a point-blank refusal to entertain
, the Boer proposal that England should
: relinquish suzerainty over the Trans
vaal and a pertinent reminder that the
offer of a joint Inquiry into the fran
chise proposals cannot remain open in-
Itely. Though not an ultimatum in
form the dispatch will lie one in effect.
since it may be expected to contain a
strong hint that no answer will be ac
cepted which is evasive or unfavorable
; in any essential condition."
PRUDENCE URGED
BY THE VOLKSRAAD
PRETORIA, Sept. 8.- In the First
Raad this morning debate was resum-
Ed "ii the interpellation of th^ Govern
ment respecting the concentration of
British troops "n the border and the
stoppage of ammunition consigned to
' the Transvaal. The House adjourned
: shortly before noon, after adopting
unanimously the following resolution:
The Volksraa'd, having considered that
friendlj correspondence is still passing be
tween the Governments, that the concen
tration of troopa In great numbers near
the border has a detrimental and restless
eff< d on the inhabitants <>f the State and
, that the Transvaal lias lived In frlend-
I Bhip and peace with all nations and de
; sires to continue to live in such friendship
and peace, now declares its regrel at the
facl concentration and expresses the
opinion thai in the case of eventualities
which might lead to enmity or war be
tween t lit- two Governments the cause
would no! li<- with the republic. As re
gards the stoppage of ammunition at Del
agoa Bay, the volksraad trusts that the
I Government ■will act according to circum
stances. Thf Raad further resolves to
drop the matter of the concentration of
troops on the border for the present until
tli-' Government shall sunnly further mi
i formation to th* 1 Raad. although the Infor-
S mation obtained is unsatisfactory. Never
: thelesa and with a view to the results of
i the negotiations which are pending, the
Raad declares itself determined In the
I meantime to maintain the rights and in
dependence of th< republic.
In the course of the debate several
j speakers ad .-orated a policy of prud
ence and moderation.
ORANGE FREE STAT
TO DECIDE BY VOTE
LONDON. Sept. B.— The Tape Town
correspondent of the Daily Mail says:
There is no doubt that Mr. Schreiner
(the Cape Premier) and the Afrikand
ers' leaders have thrown in their lot
with Sir Alfred Milner and this fact
excites the irritation displayed in the
Volksraad debate on the interpellations.
It is reported from Dloemfontein that
a ballot will be taken there and throuch
SAN FRANCISCO, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1899.
SAYS QUEEN WILL
NOT PERMIT WAR
♦ ■■■ -4
-4 LONDON", Sept. B.— Mon- 4
4. tague White, the Consul Gen- 4
4- eral of the -South African Re- +
>■ public in London, said to a 4
4- representative of the Associ- +
4 ated Press this evening: • 4
4- "I assure you on the au-* 4
-4 thority of a Cabinet Minister 4
■♦- that there will be no war with 4
-- the;. Transvaal. In fact the 4
■♦■ Queen will not permit war. I 4
■♦■ received a telegram from Pre- 4
♦ toria to-day assuring me that 4
•♦■ the Transvaal Government 4
♦ quite understands the position +
"♦- . regarding the peace party in +
i "*" j England and is in no wise •♦■
"♦" misled by speeches or demon- ■♦■
"*" strations." ■♦"
>-■-:.. 4
-4-444444 4 444- 4-4-4
out the Orange Free State to decide
whether the Government shall remain
neutral or shall assist the Transvaal.
According to a dispatch to the Dally
Mail from Brussels, Dr. W. J. Leydes,
the plenipotentiary of the South Afri
can Republic to the European Govern
ment, does not believe there will he
war befveen Great Britain and the
Transvaal, but the Boers will fight to
the end, he says. If an attempt is made
on their independence.
STRENGTH OF ENGLAND'S
EXPEDITIONARY FORCE
LONDON. Pent. 8. — The total
strength of the expeditionary force to
be sent from England to South Africa
in case of hostilities is said to be be
tween 80,000 and 40,000 men, a large
portion of whom would be employed
protecting the lines of communication
and guarding isolated attacks along the
f rentier.
APPEAL TO VICTORIA
TO PRESERVE PEACE
AMSTERDAM. Sept S.— The mem
bers of th< Dutch Transvaal Commit-
I tee have cabled to Queen Victoria im
ploring her "in the name of humanity
and God's kingdom to preserve the
peace."
SPANIARDS NOT SAFE
IN CITY OF HAVANA
Severe Charges Against the Local
Government by a Journal at
the Capital.
HAVANA, Sept. The Diario de la
Mariana editorially to-day says:
"Matters are going from bad to worse.
I ' r, 1 1 recently only in the interior was the
lift* >f a Spaniard unsafe. Now Havana
is coming the seat of outrages against
Spaniards. Recently a squad of Cubans
i: w-.f forms used recently in the rebellion
asiiijj' to hide in- the house of • a friend,
in the heart of Havana the fugitive man
agalng to hide in the house- of a friend,
whence he was lodged in the consulate
before being sent to Spain."
The paper then quoted the case of Gen
eral Camecho. the Spaniard who was res
cued from lynching by the custom-house
guard and taken to a hospital, covered
with wounds, and asks why the police are
never at hand, adding: "If such outrages
occur when people are protected by the
bayonets of the intervening Government,
what would happen if these should go?"
A commission has sailed for the United
States to engage masons and laborers to
take the place of the native workmen who
are now on strike.
*
Charges Mnde by the Crew of a
British Ship.
TACOMA, Sept. 8.- Four seamen of the
British ship Fortevlot, which recently ar
rived from the West • oast of Africa, have
charged Captain Gllmour with inhuman
treatment while «>n the high seas and
have libeled the vessel for wages. The
ship is i ow in the- hands of the United
States Marshal.
BELGRADE, Sept. B.— lt is announced
that Prefect Andjellc, one ol those ac
cused of attempting to assassinate King
Milan, hanged himself in his prison cell
to-day.
I NUMANLY TREATED.
Andjslic Commits Suicide.
MAJO -GENERAL LORD
METHUEN,
Who will be chief of staff of the
British forces in South Africa in
case of war
IT IS NOW PREDICTED
THAT DREYFUS WILL BE CONVICTED
But the Officer Accused of
Treason Is Confident of
Being Found Innocent.
Demange Makes a Telling
Plea.
RENNES, Sept. 8. — Dreyfus and
his wife are confident that the verdict
wili be acquittal. Acquittal is to
them a matter of course. They are
already discussing plans for their de
parture. As for Mme. Dreyfus, she
came from the prison earlier than
usual this afternoon, calmly talking
to her brother-in-law Mathieu. No
traces of tears were on her face nor
emotion in her manner.
RENNES, September 8. — That
Captain Dreyfus will be con
demned is the almost universal
opinion heard in Rennes to
night. Hitherto there had al
ways been a divergence, but now both
camps, the Dreyfusards and the anti-
Dreyfusards. seem unanimous in the
conviction that the verdict will go
against him.
Upon just what this is based and the
precise reason for the conclusion are a
I mystt y, but there is no disguising the
fact that from M. Labori down to the
numerous Dreyfusards who crowd the
hotels and cafes and who last night
were still hopeful that Dreyfus would
be saved, all seem now to agree that
his last chance is gone.
The one source of hope is M. Labori
himself, who. said this evening to the
correspondent of the Associated Press:
"We fear Captain Dreyfus will be
condemend, but we do not intend to
throw up the sponge. We shall go on
fighting for him."
M. Jaures, the Socialist leader, and
other prominent Dreyfusards expressed
a similar opinion. Excitement is at a
fever heat and nothing is discussed but
the verdict of to-morrow.
The military precautions are of the
most elaborate character and no at
tempt at disorder is likely to have the
slightest success. Orders have been is
sud to repress the first symptom of
trouble with an iron hand.
A small anti-Semitic meeting was
held here this evening and the complete
calm that attended it is an indication
lof a quiet day to-morrow. A strong
force of gendarmes guarded the ap
proaches to the building where the
meeting was held and their orders were
to arrest the first man who raised a
seditious cry. Nothing, however, oc
curred. Indeed, the inhabitants of the
town seem indifferent and the neigh
borhood of the Lycee and the prison is
deserted, save for a few gendarmes.
The news of the publication of Count
yon Bulow's speech in the Reich
sanzeiger reached Hermes to-day and
is considered very important on the eve
of a verdict, which, in some quarters,
it is thought, will be regarded as a
slight by Germany if it be a condemna
tion, as being tantamount to a public
refusal to take the word of Empemr
William, as his Minister is merely his
mouthpiece.
According to the latest report, the
verdict may be delivered between 3
and 4 o'clock to-morrow afternoon, the
court adjoining after M. Demange's
speech until 3 o'clock.
There is some criticism of M. Labori's
decision noi to speak, the friends of M.
Demange thinking it his object to
escape bis share <>f the responsibility
in the event nf a verdict of condemna
tion. M. Demango. having once seen
Dreyfus conde~ined under his ad
vocacy, would naturally like M. Labori
to share the criticism this time, espe
cially as M. Labori has assumed- such
a prominent part in \h^ proceedings.
DEMANGE'S POWERFUL
PLEA FOR DREYFUS
RENNBS, Sept. B.— The hall nf the Ly
cee was crowded this morning at the
opening nf the fifth day of the fifth week
of the second trial by court-martial of
Captain Alfred Dreyfus of the artillery,
Charged with treason. Thr-re \v;:s a large
attendance (if ladies and newspaper writ
ers, who sat up all night in order to se
cure front places. At an early hour a
long line was formed of people awaiting
admission. Standing room at the hack of
the court now commands 15 and 20 francs,
and the demand is increasing as the trial
approaches its end.
Among Ihe privileged spectators to-day
was Baron Russell of Kilo ween, Lord
Chief Justice of England, who was con
ducted to a seat by General Chamoin and
M. Paleologueof the French Foreign Office.
The Lord Chief Justice was seated at the
back of the Judges' table. He came here
from Paris, where he wa» attending the
session of the Anglo- Venezuelan bound
ary arbitration commission, In order to
see something of the trial.
Maitre Detnange at once opened his
speech for the defense. In eloquent terms
and with Impressive delivery he. brought
out strong evidence against Esterhaxy.
During the oourse of his remarks he
cried .
"Do you think if Dreyfus and Ester
hazy had been before the court-martial of
1894 that the court would have condemned
Captain Dreyfus?"
As he asked this question counsel point
ed to the prisoner sitting by him and
added "No!"
"However .solemn the occasion may be. '
SaM Demange. "I must at the outset pro
test with all my soul against the allega
tion which one of the witnesses did not
shrink from uttering. This witness did
not hesitate to declare that whoever ad
vocated the revision of this case — that is
to say, whoever believed in the innocence
of I)rcyfus--was working against the
army and against the country. I here de
clare that he does not know me and that
he does not know BCaitre Lahori. Neither
M. Labori nor myself would be here If
these statements were true. Let me tell
you simply this: The day on which, amid
the shock of furious political passions, I
saw let lonsi over our country this ter
n of madness, when I saw everything
had learned to revere and love since
childhood imperiled. I. a Frenchman, the
son .of a soldier, endured every torture.
When I turn my eyes toward Devils
Island, where was burled alive one who
from the bottom of my heart I believed
to be a martyr, I began to wonder if di
vine justice had not abandoned him. Since
then I have recovered. 1 have hearkened
M. DEMANGE ADDRESSES THE COURT.
Most eloquent was the plea made by this note. 1 , champion of Dreyfus at
Rennes yesterday. M. Labori, chief counsel for the accused artillery captain,
has refused to address the court-martial.
to the voice of my conscience and pursued
an undeviating course, free from anger
and passion, not heeding hatred or preju
dice. I have done my duty. You will do
yours, which is to mete out justice.
Continuing. M. Demange said he wished
to clearly define the prisoner's position,
saying:
"When the case of the revision began
| Dreyfus was a convict and serious pre
! sumptions of his innocence- were neces- j
j sary before the case could be taken up j
!by "the Court of Ca&sation. To-day it is |
for the public prosecutor to prove his j
guilt. I>et no one hlam« us. therefore. \
1 if we have not proved the innocence of
our client The task was not incumbent
upon us. It is for the Government com
missioner to show that he is guilty of
the abominahle crime imputed to him."
M. Demange then protested against the i
suggestion that It had been attempted to i
put Esterhazy on trial, explaining that I
all the defense desired was that the inno- i
cence of Dreyfus should appear, dazzling '
and complete, and that the court-martial
should proclaim it. Counsel was satis
fied that the judges of 1594 were honest,
like the present judges. But if the for
mer h,id seen Esterhazy's handwriting [
they would have pronounced a different j
verdict. M. Demange dilated upon the
prisoner's increasing protestations of in- \
nocence and his touching letters to his ;
family, exclaiming: "In them you see j
his soul, which speaks. Alone in his
tomb he communes with himself. He
cherished the hope of seeing his inno- i
cence acknowledged."
Among the letters of Dreyfus read hy i
M. Demange was nn^ in which, after
asserting his innocence and declaring be
always served the tri-color with devo
tion and honor, the prisoner complainedJ
that he was treated on Devils Island like
an ordinary convict. It concluded with !
the words "I wish to live."
"That is a soldier's soul!" exclaimed M. !
Demange, "and it is that man you call I
a traitor. It is that man who in your
presence restrained his sobs and his <
emotion. Ah. gentlemen. 1 would rather j
defend guilty men who are clever dissem
blers than an innocent man who is too
sincere."
' Other letters of the prisoner were read,
all breathing the same desire, to live to
see his honor disclosed, though the writer
was broken down in health and spirit
One letter, written in 1897, appeals to Gen
eral de Boisdeffre to lend his generous
aid in securing for the writer restoration
to the liberty of which he had been i
robbed.
Writing to his brother the prisoner said:
"While one or more scoundrels are walk
ing free it would be a happy release for
me to die. but it would be a disgra<
Lucille and my children."
In this letter the writer urged his !
brother tn find ths culprits, while care
fully protecting the interests of the coun
try.
"Is not that the cry of an innocent
man?" asked M. Demange. "Yet though
General de Boisdeffre received the letter
he did not forward it to Mathieu Drey- :
fus. j
"Five Ministers of War." said M. De- : 1
mange, "pronounced Dreyfus guilty while i
admitting it was Impossible to produce i
proofs. General de Boisdeffre, General
Gonse and General Roget also affirmed
their belief in his guilt. But, happily, . I
they stated reasons, and instead of proofs i I
only accumulated presumptions."
Concluding his examinations of the I
secret dossier. M. Demange remarked
that he felt compelled to refer to tl
documents emanating from foreigners, as
General Mereier relied upon them to sup
port the guilt of Dreyfus. The state
ments of the military attaches thaf they
had no relations with Dreyfus had been
confirmed hy the statement of the Mm« '
ister in the Reichstag, who could not have I
been deceived by his attache at Paris. 1
"I have finished." said M. Demange, (
"my examination of the secret dossier. «
All France knows the worthlessness of '
its contents. Yet it is owing to it that
the country has l>< ■:: distracted for i <
months, and it has been thought that I t
there were documents and proofs m it ■
which might bring France to blows with <
a neighboring power. You are now ac- i
quainted with it. The secret dossier has \
1. en exploded. You will pardon me the i
loss of time I have imposed upon you. I l
GERMANY DECLARES
DREYFUS INNOCENT
O BERLIN. Sept. B.— The Reichsanzeiger this evening, in the official
O portion of the paper, publishes the following statement:
Q "We are authorized to repeat herewith the declaration which the ©
q Imperial Government, whiie loyally observing: the reserve demanded in O
q regard to the internal matters of another country, ha? made concerning O
the French captain, Dreyfus. For the preservation of his own dignity q
*^ and the fulfillment of a duty to humanity, Prince Munster, after obtain- q
O ing the orders of the Emperor, repeatedly made in December, 1594, and
© in January, IS9. r ,, to M. Hanotaux, M. Dupuy and M. Casimir-Perier, dec- ©
© larations to the effect that the Imperial Embassy in France never ©
q maintained either directly cr indirectly any relations with Dreyfus. O
q "Secretary -of State yon Buelow, in the Reichstag, January 2S, IS9B, ©
_ made the following statement: "I declare Is the most positive manner q
*f that no relations or connections of any kind ever existed between the q
© French ex-captain, Dreyfus, now en Devils Island, and any German ft
O agent.' "
O O
OOOOOOOOOOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOQ
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
will now take up the circumstantial evi
dence."
A brief adjournment of the court was
here announced.
Counsel was warmly applauded as he
took his seat. .: ; : ■-'
On the resumption of the session M.
Demange discussed the circumstantial ev
idence adduced in 1894. He said the per
turbation of Dreyfus at the dictation
scene had nothing to do with producing
the idea of guilt in the minds of those
present. Colonel Dv Paty de Clam, M.
Cochefort and M. Gribelin were all con
vinced beforehand of his guilt, as a re
sult of his evidence, which they consid
ered unimpeachable, so much so that they
wished Dreyfus to blow out his brains,
but Dreyfus declined because he was in
nocent. -;'•'.
M Demange successfully showed, the
hollow ness «■: the stories of Mathieu Drey
fus' attempt to corrupt Colonel Sandherr,
the late Lieutenant Colonel Henry's the
atrical denunciation of Dreyfus as a
traitor at the court-martial of 1894 and the
reports of the detectives. He pointed out
how the prosecution had advanced as
proof the alleged statements of Individ
uals who were not in any War Office, but
whom they carefully abstained from pro
ducing for examination, especially in the
welling up on Henry's statement in 1894,
which has since been admitted to be false,
thai a certain War Office employe in
formed him that Dreyfus was the culprit.
M. Bemange then showed the emptiness
of the gambling and libertine charges
against the prisoner and said the simplest
act of Dreyfus was misconstrued, even his
legitimate desire to obtain knowledge be
ing Imputed as a crime. "Could a spy
have maintained the haughty demeanor
Dreyfus always wed toward his com
rades?" asked Demange.
After demonstrating the falsity of the evi
dence of M. Beaurepaire's witnesses- Muel
ler. Dubrieul. Villon and Cernuschi — counsel
said the only proof left was the bordereau.
Who could "have sent it? Who wrote it?
Complete light could only be shed on it
by the production of the notes enumerated
in the bordereau. This had been said by
General Zurlinden himself. But counsel
asked the court to remember that the ref
erence to those notes that all General de
Love could say was that it was not im
possible that Dreyfus might have pos
sessed them. This was all he could say
when it was a question of high treason.
M. Demange added: "You will not find
this phrase in the mouth of a witness en
titled to your respect, and it is on the
strength of such a statement that Dreyfus
is to be proved guilty. I will not attempt
to obtain such light on documents, but
since theories have been promulgated I
will suggest one. I will seek to show that
you must even put aside technical value
of the bordereau and the last effort of the
prosecution. I will seek to combat the cir
cumstantial evidence it has Invoked."
At the reouest of M. Demange the court
nt this juncture adjourned until to-mor
row. " •
The announcement was made this after
noon that the verdict of the court-martial
will be rendered to-morrow. M. T.ibori
foregoes the right to speak for the defense
lest by doing so he irritate the judges and
destroy the good effect .hoped for by the
speech of M. Demange.
The court therefore will deliberate on
the conclusion of M. Demange's speech
and judgment will probably be delivered
hofnrt> nnnn
FRIENDS OF DREYFUS
ARE LOSING HOPE
NEW YORK. Sept. B.— A Sun cable
from Remits says: A strange panic seems
to have seized the Dreyfus party this
afternoon. Kven M. Jaures, the Socialist
leader, who has l» •■••n the most prominent
champion of Dreyfus at Rennes. now
says there is no hope for the prisoner's
a< (initial.
M. Chanoine. who is here ,-ts the cus
todian of the secret dossier, telegraphed
to General de Gallifet, the Minister of
War. yesterday that he believed the ver
dict would be unanimous for condemna
tion of the prisoner and that the court
would probably disregard the Govern
ment request not to rendi r a verdict be
fore Monday. To-day M. Chanoine tele

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