VOLUME LXXXYI-XO 102.
DREYFUS IS CONVICTED
BY THE COURT-MARTIAL
Unjust Verdict Rendered by the
Military Tribunal at Rennes,
Finding the Accused Guilty of
Treason as Charged.
Counsel for the Persecuted Captain Will Appeal
From the Judgment, Claiming That if Al
lowed to Stand It Will Make the Existence
of Hebrews in France Impossible.
7DBNNES,Sept Q.—The ex
-Lv pected lias happened. Drey
fus h-as been condemned, but though
a majority of those in the court
room this afternoon fully expected
the verdict, they were completely j
stupefied when it was given, and the j
ice which prevailed in the room
and the way men turned pale and
caught their breath was more im
pressive than a>iy other manifesta
tion could have been.
Mai! re Demange sank back in
his chair and tears trickled down
Jiis checks, and Maitre Labori
turned white as a sheet, while all
around the court men looked at each
other in silence. Positively the only
sound to be heard was the rustling
of papers from the reporters'
tenches as each press representative
tried to be first to send the news.
As the audience left the court
room fully ten or fifteen men were
crying openly, and the majority of
those present walked quietly down
the street for more than a block
without speaking a word. It was
like a funeral procession.
Meanwhile a tragedy was being
enacted in the little room off the
courtroom, where Dreyfus listetied
to the reading of the verdict. He
had been told by his lawyers and
had wept bitterly, but when in the
presence of the otficials of the
court-martial he listened impas
sively to the sentence.
His wife. who was waiting in tor
ture and suspense at her house,
bore the news bravely, and when
visiting her husband this afternoon
she showed the onlookers who wer t
in the streets no signs of her suf
ferings as she walked from her car
riage to the prison.
'Mathieu Dreyfus was not pres
ent in court this afternoon, but vis
ited his brother after the verdict
had been rendered. He found him
perfectly calm and without any
manifestation of surprise at the
finding of the court. The prisoner
simply shrugged his shoulders, ut
tering an expressive "Bah!" add
in", as he embraced his brother as
tlie' latter was preparing to leave,
"Console my wife."
The general belief is that Drey
fus will be pardoned, but this will
not satisfy his friends, who
vehemently declare that they will\
The San Francisco Call.
refuse to accept the verdict and will '
continue the battle until the judg
ment is reversed. The verdict, they
say, is directed more against tlie
Jews than against Dreyfus, and
if allowed to stand will make their
existence in France impossible.
Maitre Labori and Maitre De- \
mange took the midnight train for
Paris. They drove to the station in
a closed carriage, escorted by four ;
mounted gendarmes. The road was
practically deserted, and no demon- \
stratum occurred on the route or at
Maitre Demange and Maitre
Labori will to-morrow sign an ap
plication for a revision of the case,
although there is no hope that the
verdict will be reversed. Both men
are much upset, though it can
hardly be said that they are sur
CLAMOR AT RENNES
CAUSES LIVELY RIOTS
ftENNES, Sept. 9.— Scenes of great
excitement occurred at Rennes to
night. The anti-Dreyfusards broke
loose and started a demonstratlpn
which, but for prompt and rigorous
measures by the police, would un
doubtedly have developed into serious
SENTENCE MAY BE SHORTENED
TO A FORTNIGHT.
RENNES, Sept. 9 —It is stated here this evening that as Drey
fus has been condemned to ten years' detention, and as he has al
ready suffered Hve years' solitary imprisonment, which counts as
double the ordinary detention, he will be released at the end of a
fortnight. In the meanwhile, unless the President of the republic
pardons him, which many think certain as being the only solu
tion to the present situation, Dreyfus will have to be degraded here
again within eight days.
SAN FRANCISCO, SUNDAY. SEPTEMBER 10, 1899-THIRTY-TWO PAGES.
The first sign of trouble manifested
Itself Immediately after the verdict be
ep, me known. The streets leading to
the Lycee were at that time filled with
crowds of people awaiting news from
tho courtroom. The announcement of
the prisoner's condemnation was atrrfi-
able to a majority of these and cheers
and cries of "Vive l'armee!" were
raised, the gendarmes and troops look
ing on without any attempt at inter-
The terrace in front of the Cafe de la
Paix, the leading cafe in Rennes. was
filled with the people taking their aft.r
noon drinks and aparients. When the
verdict of the court was announced the
customers arose to their feet and de
manded that the .string band which
I lays on the terrace should give the
"Marseillaise. " The band struck up
the air and the crowds, both inside and
outside, joined in the national song.
Colonel Jouaust passed by a little
later <>n foot and in full uniform on
his way from the Lycee to his home.
The crowd, with bared heads, cheered
him, crying:, "Vive l'armee!" Colonel
Jouaust, in reply to their cheers, sa
luted with his hand to his kepi.
Aa diniitr time approached the streets
became empty, but about 8 o'clock the
crowds again gathered at the Cafe de
la Paix and in the square beside it and
the adjacent street.
Just then an incident occurred at the
Hotel Moderne. which is known as the
Dreyfusard center. Two men. notori
ous anti-Dreyfusards, entered the win
ter garden, inside the garden, and sat
down at one of the little marble tables
under the palm tn-cs and ordered eof-
At an adjoining table sat "La
Dame Blanche" with a companion
while at other tables were seated MM.'
Bernard, Lazare and Corzinotti. with
The two newcomers at once began to
make offensive remarks about Dreyfus
and Jews generally. One of them,
turning to "La Dame Blanche." said:
"Oh, these dirty Jews! These dirty
"I,a Dame Blanche" replied, telling
him not to :i<Hr.'Ps her. The men. how
ever, persisted and added personal in
sults, whereupon "La Dame Blanche"
t" came greatly excited and called them
I cads to insult a woman. The men re
torted offensively, and in a moment
"La Dame Blanche" snatched a menu
card In a heavy metal frame and threw
; it at the head of her lnsulter. narrow
: ly missing him.
The other diners, seeing the trouble,
' rose en masse and threatened to throw
I the men out of the garden. In an in
; stant the place became a perfect babel,
> every one shouting at the top of his
! voice, calling the men cowards and
j "canaille." The ladies present hastily
withdrew, Mme. Lazare being carried
i away In a fainting condition.
Just as the threatened free fight was
TEXT OF JUDGMENT
GUILTY OF TREASON
+ RENXES, Sept. 9.— The text
i of the judgment of the court- "*"
, martial is as follows: 4- ;
+ To-day, the 9th of Septem- "*"
4 ber, 1899, the court-martial "*"
4. of the Tenth Legion Army
+ Corps deliberating behind "**
4- closed doors, the president put "*"
4 the following question:
4 "Is Alfred Dreyfus, brevet *"
4 captain. Fourteenth Regiment "*"
4 of Artillery, probationer on ♦"
4- the general staff, guilty of ♦
4 having in 1894 entered into *"
4 machinations or held relations *"
+ with a foreign power or one "*"
"*■ of its agents to indues it to "*"
"*■ commit hostility or undertake "*"
■*■ war against France, or procura
"*" it the means therefor by dcliv
"*" ering the notes and documents
* mentioned in the documents
called the bordereau, accord- __,
ing to the decision of the
Court of Cassation of June 3,
The votes were taken sepa- »
rately, beginning by the infer-
± ior grade and youngest in the _.
. last grade, the president hay- ±
ing given his opinion last.
The court declares on the +
+ question by a majority of five
votes to two: "Yes, the ac- +
4. cused is guilty.'' 4.
4. The majority agreed that +
> there are extenuating circum- 4.
4 stances, in consequence of 4.
-f which and on the request of >
> the Commissary of the Gov- -f
-♦- ernment. the president put the -♦•
-f question and received again 4
■♦• the votes in the above men- ■+■ \
4- tioned form. As a result the >
>■ court condemns, by a majority -*
4- of five votes to two, Alfred 4- '■
♦ Dreyfus to the punishment of 4
4- ten years' detention. 4
+ + 4444444444-444444 1
on the point of breaking out a detach- i
ment of gendarmes arrived, and, after
a Bcene of Intense excitement, put the ■
men who had caused th-j disturbance
into the street. This, however, was
but the beginning. The men proceeded
to the terrace of the Cafe de la Paix,
which was now crammed with anti-
Dreyfusurds, and there grave their own
version of the row, and in a few mo
ments an anti-Dreyfusard demonstra
tion was in full swing. The people sit
ting at the tables rose with shouts of
"Down with the Jews!" and "Vive
l'Armee!" and demanded that the band
play the "Marseillaise." The band was I
obliged to comply with the demand and
the crowd bawled the "Marseillaise"
at the top of their voices, altering the
words to "March on, march on against
Sticks, canes and hats were waved !
and then the crowd chanted "Vive j
l'Armee. vive I'Armee, conspuez les
Juifs." Finally one man waved his hat J
and shouted: "Let us march on the
Hotel Moderne." The crowd showed I
a strong disposition to follow this ad- j
vice, and as the hotel is within 100 I
yards of the cafe the situation began j
to look ugly. Two Englishmen who
were sitting in the cafe were recognized ;
as foreigners and the crowd hustled
them out. At this moment the cry
"Police!" was raised, and an instant )
later a strong body of gendarmes and '
police, headed by detectives, rushed
Into the cafe and cleared every one out,
demonstrators or not. At the same
time several squadrons of mounted gen
darmes and dragoons, with carbines
slung across their backs, galloped up
and threw themselves across the road
leading to the Hotel Moderno. Other
detachments of cavalry cordoned all the
approaches to the cafe and then grad
ually dosed in on the crowd, which was
now large and extremely threatening,
and drove it across the bridge, over I
the river and into the upper part of
the town, which was filled with shouts
of "Vive l'Armee" and "Down with the ;
A number of the most noisy of the
demonstrators were arrested, and the
cavalry, at a quick trot, broke up every
group and forced the participants in the
demonstration out of the center of the
town around which was formed a cor
don through which no one was allowed
except he was provided with a pass
from the police authorities.
The demonstration dwindled from
this time until 11:30 o'clock this even
ing, when only a few noisy bands were
left parading the smaller streets, but
running at the first sight of a man in
Strong repressive measures, however,
alone can prevent serious disturbances.
The cafes in the neighborhood have
been closed, some by the police and
others through panic, and tranquillity
is now practically restored, though to
night's trouble may be only the pre
lude to a bigger demonstration to
LEGAL ASPECT OF
THE DREYFUS CASE
PARIS, Sept. 9.— What is the legal
aspect of the case of Captain Dreyfus?
Continued on Second Page.
SCHOOL DIRECTOR GEDGE
ADMITS HE WAS BRIBED
He Was Paid Two Thousand Dollars to Allow a
Stationery Firm to Alter Specifications and
Thus Bar Competition*
His Colleague, J, J. Conlon, He Asserts, Received Eight Hundred
Dollars as His Share for the Qooked Transaction*
THE TWO SCHOOL DIRECTORS WHO ARE ALLEGED TO HAVE ACCEPTED BRIBES.
THERE are members on the San
Francisco School Board who are
not honest. There are men di
recting the educational depart
ment of the city who have ad
mitted that they accepted bribes to
steer contracts in the direction of the
bribe-givers. In one case the specifica
tions unon which bids were invited to
furnish the school supplies were so al
tered at the request of one of the bid
di ra that he could secure the contract
at his own figures. Money was paid to
members of the Board of Education for
Hints, vague assertions and rumors
to this effect have been in the air since
the school supply contracts were
awarded. To-day The Call is in posses
sion of positive proof that all these
rumors are based on absolute facts.
This paper is in a position to prove that
Dr. H. E. Gedge, chairman of the Com
mittee on Supplies, has admitted to at
least one reputable citizen that he re
ceived $2000 from the agent of one of
the bidders for betraying the people
and allowing the firm to Inspect the
specifications and make alterations
that virtually gove it a cinch en secur
ing the contract at its own figures.
More than this. Dr. Gedge has admitted
that $SOO of this amount was paid to J.
J. Conlon, another member of the com
mittee, for his consent to the deal, and
that the third member, William A.
Kemp, it is asserted, allowed the mat
ter to go- through at the request of Phil
Crimmins, but that he failed to get a
slice of the bribe money, and has been
trying to drown his sorrows in copious
draughts of alcoholic beverages ever
When the School Board was handling
the supplies contracts the people kept
a watchful eye on its proceedings. The
lowest bidders did not win out In every
case: in fact, it was apparently a case
of the highest bidder being received
with the most favor. Naturally these
circumstances aroused suspicion. It
was evident that there was something
crooked. Ginn & Co., Payot, Upham &
Co. and Cunningham, Curtis A Welch
were awarded the contracts. Director
Kemp had championed the cause of
Brown & Powers, whose bid to furnish
ink, paper, pencils, etc., was at least 25
per cent lower than the next lowest.
SCHOOL DIRECTOR W. A. KEMP, WHO BEMOANS HIS
At the critical moment Kemp fell down
on his men. He conveniently absented
himself from the meeting when final
action was to be taken. He did this,
it is asserted, at the request of Phil
The crooked work of the crooked out
fit might have remained a secret had
not Dr. Gedge confided in too many
friends. After the deal had been con
summated and public indignation over
the looting of the school funds had in
a measure cooled off, this man told his
friends the part he had played in the
deal. ITo repeated the story to too
many. The result is that The Call is
able this morning to expose the whole
When bids were first invited Dr.
Gedge and J. J. Conlon were ap
proached with a proposition to allow
a certain firm to inspect the specifica
tions and insert in them the name of
a particular brand of stationery, for
which this firm was the sole agent and
which could not be procured on the
coast except through it. Gedge and
Conlon agreed to the deal upon the
promise that they would be well paid
for their crookedness. Conlon made
Gedge his agent in arranging the finan
cial details. The specifications were
changed as requested, and after tho
little joker had been inserted they were
recommended for adoption by the com
mittee. Kemp had not been taken 'nto
the arrangement and did not "catch
on" until'long after the contracts were
The change enabled the tricky con
tractors to make their figures as high
as they pleased. They were after a fat
contract and they secured it, consid
ering the bribe money small at S2OOO.
Brown & Powers had a much lower
bid, but of course they could not fur
nish the brand of goods called for in
the specifications. Kemp made a great
show of fighting for the best goods at
the cheapest prices and did some, argu
ing for Brown & Powers, but when it
came to the final show-down he let his
men and their bid take care of them
selves and did not attend the meeting.
The reason has been stated. He denies
that he was given a consideration to
stay away, and from the manner in
which he has been bemoaning his fate
for being on the outside when the un
PKICE FIVE CENTS.
equal division of the spoils was matfe
it is more than likely that he is telling
the truth in this instance.
No money was paid to Gedge until
after the contract was awarded. The
agent apparently knew that a man who
would sell himself and betray his con
stituents for such a comparatively
paltry sum could not be trusted to de
liver the goods after he had his fingers
on the bribe. But when the contracts
were signed the representative of the
firm waited on the doctor and handed
him $2000 in $20 gold pieces. Later $SOO
was paid by Gedge to Conlon. The
basis upon which the division was
made is a secret that is said to be
locked in the bosom of Gedge.
Some time after this Kemp heard the
rumors that money had passed without
any of it sticking to his palms. He
went on a still hunt for information
and found enough to make his heart
sick. To use his own language, he "felt
like being kicked." He learned of se
cret committee meetings where he had
not been invited; it dawned on him
suddenly why he had been requested
to remain away from the meeting when
the contracts were awarded. He awoke
to the horrible revelation that he had
been a real good thing for some one
without receiving a single twenty.
Then Mr. Kemp did some talking.
On the highways and byways he com
plained of his treatment at the hands
of the supply committee, of which he
was a member, "*e got real mad at one
time, but it did not do him any good.
Gedge and Conlon had the coin and
they evinced no disposition to part with
any of it. As a solace to his wounded
feelings and his aching pocket .he im
bibed freely; he found some comfort in
the cup that cheers, and in this condi
tion words gurgled from his mouth like
the liquor from tho little brown jug,
and to all who would listen he poured
out his tale of woe.
Mr. Kemp was seen last evening by
a representative of The Call. "When
the $2000 deal was mentioned to him he
feigned surprise, but he could not con
trol his interest in the subject.
"The very tiling that I have been
trying to find out — the very thing," said
he, and then to himself: "Kemp, Kemp,
where have you been? Two thousand
dollars lloating around and you did not
get a cent of it. Why any one to hear
this would think that I came from the
country; wouldn't they?" The reporter
acquiesced. "Why 1 ought to be kicked,
I ought — no, no, I don't exactly mean
it that way. 1 would not take a cent
if it were offered to me — I wouldn't.
But then when a fellow hears about
$20 pieces flying through the air his
mouth waters a little. It is natural —
the most natural thing in the world,
even among us strictly honest people.
No use talking, Kemp deserves kicking.
"Gedge and Conlon might have ar
ranged this matter at secret meetings
where I was not invited. I will not say
that I know of such meetings. I can
not call to mind that I have heard of
any such nor will I say that I have not.
I know Phil Crimmins very well and
frequently talk with him about school
matters in general, just as 1 would talk
with any one else. He might have asketi
me to stay away from the meeting
when the contracts were awarded, but
I don't just remember whether he did
"1 favored the bid of Brown & Pow
ers because it was the lowest and the
class of goods offered was fully up to
the standard. If any crooked work was
done it was done by the firm that bid
on the same articles that they did.
They bid on the ink, paper and stuff
of that kind. I believe the contract for
that was awarded to Cunningham, Cur
tis & Welch. My men would have got
it had I been at the meeting.^ I would
have raised a howl, you bet."
"Then you admit that you did stay
away?" was asked.
"No, no— l did not mean exactly that
—I was there. Let me think— well, I
really do not know whether I was
there or not."
'•Did you receive any compensation
for staying away?"
"Not a cent," and the look of sadness
on Kemp's countenance spoke louder
than anything he could have said.
"Kemp, where did you come from? You
deserve to be kicked. Twenty dollar
pieces floating about and you did not
get one of them. That in just my
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