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M0N DAY....... ■..:•:. SEPTEMBER 11, 1899
JOHN D. ECKELS, Proprietor. !
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BRANCH OFFICES— S27 Montgomery street, corner Clay,
open until 9:30 o'clock;. 300 Hayes street, open until
9:30 o'clock 639 McAllister street, open until 9:33
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street, corner Sixteenth, open until 9 o'clock- 1094
Valencia street, open until 9 o'clock- '06 Eleventh ;
street, open until 9 o'clock- NW. corner Twenty
second and Kentucky streets, open until 9 o'clock,.
Orpheum — Vaudeville.
Alcazar — "The Wages of Sin."
Grand Opera-house — "Fatinltza."
Chutes. Zoo and Theater— Vaudeville every afternoon and
Olympia, corner Mason and Ellis streets — Specialties.
Sutro Baths— Swimming Races, etc.
Mechanics' ravllion— Mechanics' Fair and Philippine Ex-
Sherman-Clay Hall — Ballad Concert, Tuesday evening, Sep-
tember 12. - ...
By A. W. Louderback— This day, at 2:30 o'clock. Persian
»nd Turkish Rurf, at 117 Suiter street.
By Easton. EMrldse <fc Tuesday, September 12. at 12
o'clock. Real Estate, at C3B Market street.
THE COMMERCIAL SITUATION
SIGNS of the great prosperity now enjoyed by
the United State? continue to multiply. One
the latest is the bulletin of the New York
Bureau of Labor Statistics, which makes the best
showing of any document over issued by that depart
ment. It shows that the percentage of labor unem
ployed in that State is less than i per cent, and in
some trades none at all is reported. When the vast
tion of New York i- considered this is cer
tainly a wonderful exhibit.
There is a wide difference in prosperity based on
tion and that based »n a genuine demand for
manufacture.! products, and the litter condition is the
one prevailing to-day. As previously mentioned, the
purchasing demand of the country was never as active
as now. Nor is this demand for goods confined to
the Unit< d States. The export trade of the country
continue- extremely heavy, and our manufacturers
tending their trade in directions little dreamed
of a few year- ago. At that time nobody thought
that England and Germany would enter our markets
for locomotives and bridges, but they have, and are
so well satisfied with their initial purchases that they
have sent other orders. A> for our exports from
Ist, they were never livelier than to-day. It is
not a question of selling the goods to foreign coun
tries hut of finding vessels in which to send them
away. Every day large shipments to the Orient and
Pacific islands are declined by the different compa
nies and individual vessels for want of room to ac
The leading mercantile and financial authorities of
the East see nothing in sight to cause distrust, bat
all seem to take a rosy view of the situation. Some
of them are looking tor increased dividends on their
railway shares owing to the larger earnings of the
companies, though most of them have learned not
to count their chickens before they are hatched, es
pecially in Wall street. Meanwhile the great staples
of ih<' country continue to show an active and firm
■ ■ cry few days prices go up, one of the la
being in paper. As for metals, the advance
in pigiron, copper and tin since the current wave of
prosperity struck the country a year or more ago
from 50 to 100 per cent. Thus far the ad
vanced prices have not checked the demand in any
line, and, in fact, prices often appear to be a second
ary consideration, delivery alone being the impor
tant point in purchases. Conservative men, however,
know that sooner or later this tremendous buying of
merchandise all over the country must satisfy the de
mand, and when that happens there will be a reaction
of some kind. It is not in sight yet, however.
The local markets exhibit few striking features.
The great farm staples remain about as they were a
week ago, grains being quiet and fruit active and
firm. Wool and hops are quiet, but strong as to
quotations, while hides and leather are firm with ?
demand. The tendency in oils is upward, and
coal oil lias advanced during the past week. Pro
are slow, but steady in price. Lumber and
coal are in moderate supply and quick demand at firm
Some localities report a better inquiry for real es
tate, though there is no activity anywhere. The
money market is in its normal condition, and sol
vent borrowers find no drf.lculty in securing funds <U
moderate rates of interest. There are no large fail
ures reported, and collections are fair in all quarters.
The net supply of gold in the United States Treasury
has risen to the highest point ever known, touching
$251,618,000 on Thursday of last week, the previous
! record having been $217,000.0000 in August.
In view of the re«urrection of the old gold
ver question by the political parties this is an
resting and instructive fact.
Major General Lawton says that the Filipinos are
much better than Indians. And the general is not
ignorant of the fact that the American definition of
:i t(ood Irraian is a dead one.
It appears now that the North Star is in reality
three stars. It speaks volumes for the sobriety of
nr.tronomers that this fact had not been suspected long
BRYAN ON HOGS AND MEN.
IN his rural speech at the State Fair in Sacramento
.Mr. Bryan said: "You turn a hog loose, and it it
is worth only a dollar or two somebody will see
in it value enough to justify caring for the hog, and
[yet all over this State you will find people drifting
from place to place and many seeming unconscious
lof thiir sufferings and indifferent to their welfare. I
want to suggest if you want to develop the re
sources of your State you had better give attention to
• i eople as well as to cattle and hogs.
Mr. Bryan entered the State a few days ago, tar
ried and spoke at Sacramento, went to Stockton and
spoke, went on to the Yo^emite and came back to
Wawona and spoke, came down to San Francisco
| and spoke and then went back to Sacramento to de- j
j liver an address at the State Fair. The whole ad
dress illustrated his lack of versatility, for it was an
intensely partisan harangue, to a mixed crowd on a
non-partisan occasion. Any other public man in the j
| Union would have dropped partisan politics in such j
j a presence, and spoken from the inspiration of what j
the labor and genius of man have wrought.
The only inspiration Mr. Bryan seems to have
j t?ken from it was an impulse to slander the State in j
i the remarks we have quoted. It was the best he
| had to say for California, and worse has never been !
j said of any State and its people. Standing upon the
! eminence to which his candidacy for the Presidency ,
' and his desire to run again put him. he informs the
' world, in an grammatical language, that in this State ,
1 stray hogs are fed and stray men left to starve! He i
I says that all over California men are drifting from j
! place to place and there is indifference to their suf- i
ferings, while hogs are cared for and fed.
In his view the State seems in need of develop- j
'. inent. and is suffering from paying too much atten- :
I tion to hogs and too little to men. Looking around
! him in the grounds of the State Fair and to the pa
vilion filled with the fruits of the vineyard, orchard
and field, and with the results of bur manufacturing
skill, he seems to have seen in it all no evidence of the ;
development of our resources. It did not occur to
him that all this was an expression of our civilization
and illustrated the remarkable progress of a State
that is only in its fiftieth year. His inverted vision
saw only a State filled with tramps and these starving :
while our people give food and care to stray hogs!
Now the people want to know where he found this
excess of human suffering "all over this State." and
I where he observed the callous indifference thereto. >
' How many people did he see "drilling" and "suffer
ing" and neglected while hogs were eating what be
longs to men? What evidence has he that we neg
lect men and give to hogs and cattle what belongs to
humanity? His speech is a falsehood and a slander.
It is not true that men are drifting and starving all j
over this State, or in any part of it. Mr. Bryan has
no vocation himself. He promotes no industry, hires
no men, pays no wages. He gets a living out of
politic-, by exploiting the ambitions and the greeds
of his fellow men who hope in his success to get the
gain of office and the pleasures of power. What
client has he had and what fee has he received as a
lawyer since 1806? What has he earned with his pen !
as a journalist in the last three years? What paid the
cost of his trip to this State and back? After slan
dering California in his Sacramento speech, he said:
"A few weeks ago I spent several days upon the lakes
in Michigan and Wisconsin, and I saw there the
summer homes lining the banks of those lakes, and
the thought that came to me was: How small a pro
portion of the people of this great land are able to
enjoy summer vacations. And the thought that pained
me the most was that the producers of the wealth of |
the nation have less time and money for summer va- '■
cations than any other class, and the thought came
to me. Is it a just Government?" Out of this jumble
of "thoughts" that "pained" the only conclusion is :
that a just Government would give everybody a sum
mer vacation! But what was Mr. Bryan doing on
the lakes? Is he a producer of wealth? If so nobody !
seems to have denied him about the longest vacation |
from labor that has been enjoyed by any man we :
know of. After a vacation "on the lakes a few weeks
ago" he has taken another here and visited the
Yosemite. The cost of it is not less than $500, if he 1
paid his way. He attacks our people and charges
them with feeding hogs and letting men starve all
over the State. They want to know how he gets the
money for a summer vacation that extends from the
Great Lakes to the Pacific Coast. When he comes
around and thinks thoughts that pain him. and sees
sights that make him sad. and tells the world that
Californians are indifferent to human suffering and let
men drift and starve while the hogs are fed and shel- j
tered. they want to know how Mr. Bryan gets the ,
money to travel around and criticize his fellow men .
who have summer homes in Wisconsin and raise hogs
and cattle in California? The man who sets himself
up as a censor of the humanity and charity of others
must show something more than demagogue pretense
and thoughts that pain him. What is he doing for i
humanity? How many that he saw drifting all over
this State did he relieve from his purse? What ex
ample of charity and humanity did he set to our "in
different" people? What tramp did he feed or :
clothe? Did he even find any hog besides himself
while he was in the State?
IMPORTED FRUIT IN THE ORIENT.
CONSUL A. B. JOHNSON in a report from
Amoy to the State Department gives some in
formation concerning the fruit trade in China
which it may be worth while for our fruit-packers and
shippers to study with some care. It appears from his
statement it is our own fault that European fruit
dealers are getting the bulk of a trade that ought to be
almost monopolized by the United States.
After pointing out that there is a large demand for
fruit in China and that the native crop has little or no
effect upon importation by reason of the comparative
\\orthlcssness of the fruit, the Consul says: "There
i e a steadily increasing demand among the natives for
foreign fruits, whether canned, dried or preserved.
The European population look to these imported
fruits almost exclusively to supply their tables,
l'nned pears, peaches and apricots come principally
from America, while preserved fruits, jams and dried
fruits still come largely from Europe. The reason is
apparent. The American manufacturer will not, or doe*
not, meet the conditions required. Since there are no
peaches or pears in Europe which can compete with
those from California, the Oriental merchant has no
choice: in other lines he is not =0 restricted. Prunes
and raisins are largely used. The dried fruit is put up
THE SAN riiA^sClSCO CALL, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1899.
lin bottles and sealed. In no other way can it be
shipped to the tropics without great loss, as the hu
midity of the climate or insects will soon render it un
salable. No fruits, biscuits, crackers or any other
i food product can be safely shipped to Central or
Southern China or the Philippine Islands without
Icing sealed in glass bottles or tinned. The English
( and Continental merchants and manufacturers under
stand this and put up their fruits accordingly. If
tinned, the tins are either painted or varnished to pre
j vent rust and consequent loss to the merchant."
The time has gone by when our fruit men could
afford to ignore foreign markets. We have now a
' surplus crop every year in many kinds of fruit, and in
recent years have shipped considerable quantities
even to the fruit-growing countries of Europe. We
must now meet the requirements of the foreign de
, mand, and particularly that of China. Europe gets the
I trade because her dealers pack the fruit in the way the
| Oriental market demands it. In all probability a good
deal of American fruit after being shipped to England
i* manufactured and packed for the Chinese trade and
j sold there at a profit. Why should we not earn that
1 profit ourselves?
A MATTER FOR INVESTIGATION.
rACTS published in The Call yesterday concern
ing allegations of bribery and corruption in con
nection with the school supply contracts render
official investigation imperative. The late Grand Jury
in its final report declared that while the members
were morally certain of corrupt practices on the part
of some of the members of the former Board of Edu
cation, the Grand Jury was unable to frame indict
ments against thorn because of a lack of legal evi
dence. Better luck may attend an effort to bring to
punishment the men involved in the present scandal.
The evidence of bribery in connection with the
supply contracts conies to The Call through the talk
of erne of the principal parties to the fraud. Dr. H.
E. Gedge. chairman of the committee on supplies, has
admitted to at least one reputable citizen that an agent
of a firm intending to bid for the contracts offered
Sjoco for permission to inspect and make alterations
in the specifications of the supplies called for; that the
offer was accepted; that the specifications were
altered so as to give advantage to the firm; that the
money Avas paid and divided, $800 going to Conlon,
another member of the committee who was a full
party to the fraud.
It appears that Director W. A. Kemp, the third
member of the committee, was not aware of the trick
that was played out under his eye-, having been in
duced to let the scheme go through by his friend
Phil Crimmins, and thus he receive 1 no share of the
spoils. That part of the story may or may not be
trtie, for when interviewed on the subject Mr. Kemp
could not remember why he stayt d away from the
meeting when the contracts were let, nor why he di.l
not persist in his' original demand that the contracts
Ik let to the lowest bidder.
While the part played by Kemp may be involved in
doubt, there is on the face of the evidence a clear case
against Gedge and Conlon, for, as we have said, it is
presented upon statements made by Gedge himself to
at least one reputable citizen. Conlon seems to have
agreed to the scheme when first proposed, but left it
to Gedge to arrange the details. That is the testimony
The Call has made public, and if a fearless and thor
oughgoing Grand Jury enters upon an investigation
of the subject there is every reason to believe that not
only moral evidence but legal evidence will be forth
coming sufficient to justify the indictment of the
Official corruption is bad in any department of gov
ernment, but it is most offensive to the public when
it occurs among men intrusted with the management
of the public schools. There was a great disappoint
ment when the corrupt members of the former board
managed to escape indictment, and the indignation of
the people made itself manifest at the next election by
turning them out of office. That form of punishment,
however, is not sufficient. The desire of the commun
ity is for a Grand Jury that will act upon the uncondi
tional motto of Grant. "Let no guilty man escape.''
THE COMING YACHT RACE.
SIXCE Sir Thomas Lipton has been in this
country he has won the favor of the people and
strengthened the already well assured belief that
the coming yacht race will be free from anything in
the way of personal ill feeling. It is to be contested
in the spirit of true sportsmanship and there will be
nothing like the ugly Dtmrayen incident to mar the
enjoyment of the match, whatever the result may be.
An evidence of the friendly disposition of the chal
lenger is afforded by the frank way in which he com
mented upon the complaints made by some dissatis
fied Englishmen upon the alleged interference of
steamers and other craft with the yachts. "It makes
me mad," he said, "when I hear so much stress laid
on this excursion steamer trouble, just as if such
things were unknown outside of America. We have
precisely the same trouble in our races at home. I
know, of course, that this habit of excursion steamer
captains is a bad business, but I say unhesitatingly
that it never prevented any English boat from win
ning the America's cup."
Declarations of that kind have done much to make
Lipton popular. It is clear we have to deal with a
big-hearted man. who has come here to win the fa
mous trophy if he can, and not to quibble over little
things and lay the foundations for accusing us of un
fairness if he lose. Such a man is apt to hold as well
as to win the favor of Americans, and it is safe to
say his words will make our yachting authorities
mofe eager to prevent the interference of excursion
steamers with the race than would any amount of
formal protesting and complaining.
It is not possible to forbid excursion steamers
going out to the race, and when once out on the open
ocean it will not be easy to make them obey regula
tions. The passengers on the steamers will of course
desire to be as near the yachts as possible, and the
officers will try to oblige them. The steamers will
have to avoid one another and all the other pleasure
craft, and there is always danger of interference. It
is to be hoped, however, that extra precautions will
be taken to prevent any such occurrence. We can
beat the British in yacht racing fairly, and have no de
sire to take unfair advantage. Our new challenger
has come to us frankly and with a spirit of cordial
good will, and it is for us to meet him on that plane.
Dispatches declare that American troops in Ne
gros recently marched a thousand feet up an almost
perpendicular slope under heavy fire. Uncle Sam
ought to provide wings for his soldiers or suffer
the consequences of overstocking the variety theaters
with human flies.
A number of Quakers from Pasadena have estab
lished a colony in Alaska. Every time the ther
mometer takes a downward shoot their membership
The age of miracles is not yet over. Peru has
elected a new President and there isn't even the sug
gestion of a revolution.
VIGOROUS PROTEST AGAINST EXAMINER'S
DISGRACEFUL SLANDER OF LARKSPUR CAMPERS
Editor of The Pall— Dear Sir: The article upon the campers of Larkspur
appearing in Sunday's Examiner is one of the vilest and basest fabrications
that ever emanated from a human mind and the author one of the vilest curs
God ever, by accident or mistake, plact-d in the form of a man.
There is not one scintilla of truth in it from beginning to end, and if the
Examiner had taken the trouble t" investigate the truth of such an article
before publishing it instead of taking the word of the "resident on the hillside,"
who is a. stranger to truth, it never would have published it.
It is a vile stand* r upon some of the must respectable families in the State.
I »l«fy the author to point to one instance where a man or woman has been in
sulted on the highway, 'lay or night, early or late, unless he be the culprit.
The utterance that men and women went bathing together in the creek
without bathing suits is a rank falsehood, unless the author was a party to
I have camped in Baltimore Canyon for the last seven years, and have seen
no such actions as the "resident on the hillside" described, and that was before
he knew there was such a place: and while each year has found a few undesirable
people, there wore no more, and, in fact, fewer than you usually find in a town
"f the like number of people, for nearly all the campers are composed of fam
ilies and their children. There has been noise at times, and lots of It; but the
people who made it were respectable. As for "Camp Occidental." each and
every one of them are young men of high standing in this community, and whose
character is of the best; and while I never visited their camp I met them all and
found them all gentlemen.
The Examiner has attacked the name of good women before, but when it
stoops to falsehood and reviles hundreds of respectable men and women without
investigating the truth of the assertions it becomes a stench in the nostrils of
decency; and in this instance it becomes the mouthpiece of a miserable wretch
and a coward who stoops to falsehood and insults womanhood to satisfy a per
sonal grudge. Yours truly, ROBERT D. DUKE,
San Francisco, Sept. 10. 404 Claus Spreckels building.
DEL NORTH TO DESERT.
MINING THE RIVERS.
WHY MINE-JUMPERS LOST.
The mining- interests of the whole State
I have thoroughly wakened to the im
portance of the coming annual mating
of the American Institute of Mining i
Engineers in San Francisco, beginning I
on the 25th InsL and lasting three days,
to be followed by two weeks of sight
seeing in the mining regions.
The special train leaving Chicago on
the j'Hli Inst. will bring o-ver 200 members
and ciult.- » party <>f friends and many
other Western members will swell the at
tendance. The party will Btop at a few
mining- centers along the northern route
and will be met near the State line on
the 22d inst. by the reception committee
of the California Miners' Association In a
Bpecial car. Th«- Institute has held many
important sessions attended by interest
ing excursions, but none "f Its annual
trips will hav< approached in extent,
variety of experience and royal hos
pitality the one of this year.
The California Miners' Association in
Sail Francisco and in the mining counties
is busy with reception plans, vice Presi
dent w. C. H:ilst"n. chairman of the
committee on arrangements, and Secre
tary E. 11. Benjamin are actively looking
after the details of the long programme
• ■ tofore published. The special lir.ance
committee, ol which A. A. Watkins is
chairman, easily raised $1700 in two days
recently and expect no trouble in get
ting the remaining thousands needed.
Throughout the State active members
<>i the association executive committee,
special local committees, local news
papers and boards of supervisors arc get
ting a hustle on. At Redding, where the
E. H. BENJAMIN.
: party stops for a day, M. E. Dittmar of
I the Redding Searchlight, Frank M.
Swasey of the Dally Five Press and
others of t >i« • local committee are arrang
ing a handsome reception, a Bpecial min
ing exhibit, etc., in which the Boards
Of Supervisors and citizens of Shasta,
Trinity and Slsklyou counties will join.
The day about Oroville and the Feather
: River dredges la being arranged by an ac
tive committi •■ of the Butte County
Miners' Assqciation, and the Oroville
Mercury wants a mining exhibit
The Placer Countj Miners' Association
li'M a special meeting on Thursday on
the matter. T. J. Nichols is chairman
of the special county committee appointed
and Mayor J. W. Morgan of the Auburn
committee. An alternative drive over the
Forest Hill Divide has been added to the
programme nere, which includes a
luncheon at Auburn and a visit to the
Polar Star hydraulic mine at Dutch Flat. !
In Placer, as in several other counties, a '
! special pamphlet on the county's mining I
I resources will be ready.
Nevada City has a 'committee of cmi
; nent citizens, of which Fred Zeitler is
chairman, and here, as at Grass Valley,
, every provision for an enjoyable and i
! profitable visit will be made.
The Amador County committee is com
posed of W. F. Detert, P. A. Buell. E. C.
Voorhies. J. F. Parks, F. F. Thomas and
John Ross Jr. The Supervisors last week
; adopted resolutions of invitation and wel-
I come and appropriated $300 to the enter
The Tuohimne County Supervisor? have
| made an appropriation ana the County
; Miners' Association has made W. H. M< 1 -
Clintock chairman of the committee on |
entertainment. Other committees in the j
1 Mother Lode counties have been appolnt
j ed and will actively assist in making the
! extended visit to that great mining re
] gion appreciated. The Sacramento and '
i other boards of trade and other civic,
official and commercial bodies through
the State will join in the welcome.
It should not be forgotten that all this
I waking up ut homo and this getting and
keeping the. revived mining interests be- i
I fore Californians generally are not the '
| least of the benefits that will reward this
display of enterprise and hospitality.
The industry is booming literally "from
] Siskiyou to San Diego"— from Del Norte j
!to the desert. This is easiest realized by i
! the mining life reflected in the local j
papers of every mining county. To one j
familiar with the country press the con
trast between the present and. not only
four or five years ago, but with a year
ago, is very noticeable. The country
, paper is, of course, always loyal to its
own and an exponent of present richness j
! of resources and of future greatness in j
its county. Not long ago there was be- ;
ing declared in all, in various forms, "We '
have the mineral resources and when
capital comes, as it will some day, we'll ,
be great," but "mining news" seemed j
scarce and the papers gossiped mainly '
about the small doings of sleepy comniu- !
nities. Now in all the mining regions
news of mines bought and bonded, shafts
sinking, mills erected, promoters' skir
mishes, ore and bullion shipments and of
general prosperity take up several times
the space such topics did two or three
Del Norte County just woke up last
spring. It is up there on a rugged coast
and never saw the cars. With no rail
rou.il its miniim revival was delayed. It
came with the copper boom, and hunting
and digging for copper is starting a more
lively hunt for gold.
"The mineral resources of the county
are as yet an unknown quantity," says
the Del Norte Record. "From its earliest
settlement mining has been carried on
In a small way for gold, with good profit
In many instances. That it could be made
more profitable by systematic mining
cannot be disputed. Copper mining was
also followed in the early history of the
county, and thousands of dollars were
spent and hundreds of men employed in
the Low Divide country, about ten miles
from the seacoast, back of Smith River
Valley. The high freight rates prevail
ing, coupled with the long distance which
the orea had to be taken for treatment,
caused this Industry to Hose up to with
in the present year. Nc/vv there are many
prospectors in the mountains developing j
leads, and one or two mines are shipping
ore to San Francisco for smelting pur
poses. Present indications are that the
copper interests of the county will be
one of the most remunerative within a
The T'nlon copper mine up there is tak
ing live tons a day from a ledge several
feet wide and the last shipment to Selby's
by steamer yielded 19 per cent copper.
Other copper mines are developed about
to the shipping point and important cop- |
per enterprises are likely to attend a j
sustained copper demand. A number of
gold properties are being developed nnd
prospecting Is lively.
Along and across the Klamath and the
Trinity to the eastward in Slskiyou and
Trinity and then in Shasta is the liveli
est, biggest, least developed and probably
the most promising mining region of the
State. Prospectors swarm over the thou
sands of square miler, of that great,
broken, wooded and mineralized territory.
Through this big region there are hun
dreda of mines recently discovered and
developed to a promise of value and even
richness by men without capital, pegging
away with a drill and often paying ex
p< nsi a with a spring-pull mortar or an
ai raster, or by small shipments of ore
to smelters. Notes of these small strikes
and developments fill local papers con
But capital is rapidly going into this
invitiTig field where prospects are not,
as a rule, held so high as in well-devel
oped districts. Many investments on the
scale of a few thousands have been made
this- year in quartz, copper, hydraulic and
dredging propositions and som^ will
reach into the hundreds of thousands.
The next two years promises to see the
development of some very big operations '
in the Shasta County copper belt, where
Captain de Uiraar. the millionaire oper
ator, recently bought and began to fur
ther develop the Bully Hill group of cop
per claims and where the Afterthought
and other copper properties are undergo
ing active exploration by Eastern capi
talists. So great and rich bodies of cop
per have been developed by the Mountain
Copper Company in Iron Mountain, and
so promising are the indications that as
great or greater ore bodies exist along
that twenty-five mile copper belt, that
the outlook is promising for the erection
of more great smelters and the growth of
a mining camp that will be a second
Butte City. California seems about to
leap to high rank among the copper pro
All sorts of river dredging propositions
are floating about "between wind and
water." When the '49ers and '55ers and
the rest of them got through with the
lower courses of the golden rivers and
went away, the recent and ancient
beds of the streams which could
not be reached or profitably worked by
flummg, damming, etc., still kept
their £?old and then through long years
the hydraulic and other miners in the
mountains sent down millions of cubic
yards of tailings carrying gold that
riched further these river beds. Now
when long experiment has developed big
machines that will reach down forty feet
and in favorable ground, work 2500 cubic
yards a day for 3 cents a cubic yard, and
when the financial success of modern gold
dredges has been recently demonstrated
in California, men are turning to those
long abandoned present river bottoms and
to the river benches that plank them.
The Klamath. Trinity, Feather, Yuba,
American, Stanislaus and Tuolumne riv
ers are now either worked or about to be
and dredges are apt to rapidly multiply.
The Feather, near Oroville, and the
Yuba. near Marysvllle, are the chief cen
ters of dredging now and several dredges
are In operation with more building and
planned. The Continental Dredging Com
pany is building at Oroville one larger
than any yet in use there. Orders for
two new ones have just been given a San
Francisco firm. George Evans will build
one this winter. Next month all the
dredges about Oroville will substitute
electric for steam power.
The operation of these dredges which
simply stack their tailings behind them
as they proceed has inspired the Marys
ville Democrat to sound a warning that
recalls the old anti-debris opposition to
the hydraulic miners. The Democrat
thinks the dredges will work damage by
shoaling further the streams.
This dredging industry seems to be
bringing an interesting legal question to
the front. Long stretches of the bed of
the Feather are being located as placer
claims right in this populous region,
where all land along the bank is privately
owned. Tt is asserted on one hand that
an owner's rights on the bank of a
stream go to the middle of the
stream. On the other hand ownership is j
asserted to stop at the meander lines as |
declared by Government surveys. If a
stream is "navigable." is its bed, as j
asserted by Attorney A. H. Ricketts in
The Call recently, the property of the
State? If so Federal location laws do not
Southern Californa affords plenty of
mining news these days chiefly concern-
Ing oil and gold. The Randsburg Miner i
says: "Randsburg has again assumed its
old-time actlveness and people are now '
rolling In by the bus loads. Mine deal
ers and mine owners are numerous and
full of business. Money Is plenty and
easy and every one seems to be satisfied
that they are in Randsburg."
San Diego County has another new dis
covery. In Bear Valley argentiferous ga
lena assaying 14 per cent lead, 19 ounces
in silver and $3 In gold has been found.
There is great interest in the discovery-
Santa Barbara County is credited by
report with a subterranean "lake of
liquid asphaltum." near Carpenterla. It
was struck in drilling an oil well at 1250
feet, is "like soft mush" and has risen
160 feet In the pipe. At last accounts the
operators couldn't either get the stuff out
or keep on boring.
A new wharf for oil wells has been run J
Into the ocean 500 feet at Summerland and
oil struck in the first well at 260 ifei.
The Heald coal mine at Garloch, near
Randsburg. is being developed, and it is
said the owners have contracted to ae
liver several thousand tons. -nxr-vicY
NEWS OF FOREIGN NAVIES.
The Niclausse water-tube boiler, which,
like the Belleville boiler, is a French in
vention, is installed in twenty-seven
war vessels of which sixteen are in the
French navy. Their collective horse
power is 302,100 and range in sets from
20,200 to 9000 horsepower.
The London Engineer of a recent date
has an editorial on battleships contend
ing in substance that a battleship may
have too great a speed. The opinion is
expressed that guns and armor are of
more value than speed. That in a swift
battleship the coal supply will run short
at a critical moment perhaps, and that
thus her superior speed may lead to the
ship's destruction in that way. As battle
ships go in squadrons, 15 knots of a
homogeneous company is better than
when composed of ships of varying
speeds, and 12 knots is really the highest
at which fleet evolutions have yet been
The British battleship Ocean has passed
through a thirty-hour trial at sea
under three-fifth power. The boilers
carried a steam pressure, of 259 pounds,
giving 102 revolutions and developing
10,314 horsepower, which gave a speed of
16.2 knots. The coal consumption was
only 1.63 pounds against 2 to 2*4 pounds
in the Majestic class built six years ago.
Two formidable battleships are in
course of construction at Italian dock
yards, one named Reglna Margherita at
Ipezia, and another called Amivaglla
Benedetto Brin at Castellmara. They are
sister ships, 413 feet In length at water
line, 78 feet beam and displace 14,000 tons
on a draught of 27 feet. The horsepower
under natural draught is to be 14.000 and
18,000 under forced draught, calculated to
give a speed of 18 and 21 knots under
above respective conditions. The hull
armor consists of a 6-inch belt extending
from three feet below water to the main
deck and reaching to within 50 feet of the
stern. The bulkheads are 10 to 12 inches,
the iTun positions 6 inches and the pro
tection deck 3.2 to 1.5 Inches. The arma
ment consists of two 12-lnch guns, one
forward and another aft, placed in bar
bettes, ten 8-inch quick-firers placed In
pairs In five turrets, sixteen 12-poundera
and eight 3-pounders. The normal coal
supply is 1000 tons and the capacity is
2000 tons, calculated to give a steaming
radius of 5000 and 10,000 knots at the rate
of speed of 10 knots an hour.
The Coroner's jury in the case of the
accident to the British torpedo-boat
destroyer Bullfinch rendered a verdict on
August 17, after a session of nearly three
weeks. The disaster which resulted in the
scalding to death of nine men occurred
on July 21, and was caused by the break
ing of the piston rod of the port engine
high-pressure cylinder, the broken rod
smashing the cylinder head and thereby
filling the engine-room with scalding
steam. The jury came to the conclusion
! that the breakage was due to faulty
j design and an absence of uniform good
! quality of material. The most conclusive
evidence covering the first finding was
the testimony of an expert mechanical
engineer who stated that he had dis
covered a slight longitudinal flaw in one
! of the other piston rods very similar to
i and in the same place as in the broken
rod. The rods are made hollow, chiefly
to save weight, but the accident will
have a tendency to make the margin of
safety considerably greater, and the
Admiralty officials have already given as
surance to that effect.
An armored cruiser named Varese wa3
launched August 6 from the Orlando yard
at Leghorn. She is the third vessel of
that name recently built at that yard for
the Italian navy, the first two. however,
havinf been sold to Argentine. The
latest ship is an improvement upon those
previously built and is 36*5 feet in length,
59 feet lO'i beam and displaces 7492 tons
on a draught of 24 feet. The belt and gun
positions are of 6-inch Harveyized steel
and her battery is composed of one 10
--inch, two 8-inch, fourteen 6-Inch, ten 12
pounders and six 6-pounders. Her speed
under natural draught Is to be 19 knocs,
and the coal capacity is over 1000 tons.
The Spanish armored cruiser Cristobal
Colon, which led our ships a race of fifty
miles in the sea fight off Santiago on July
3 one year ago, was of the Verese type, a
class of shipr. which if properly handled
have proved to be the best yet produced
oi; a moderate displacement.
Colonel O. \^. Smith, U. S. A., is regis
tered at the Palace.
Frank A. Cressy. a Modesto banker, is
registered at the Lick. . i; r
■W. R. Spalding. a big lumberman of
Truckee, is at the Lick.
F. Karpe, a merchant of Singapore, Is'
registered at tne Occidental.
J. F. Morgan, a merchant of Honolulu,
Is registered at the Occidental.
United States Senator F. M. Cockrell of
Missouri is registered at the Palac*.
Captain "Terry of the battleship lowa Is
stopping at the Palace with his wife.
Attorney R. J. Bentley and wiie, of
Sacramento, are registered at the Lick.
Railroad Commissioner E. B. Edsen . is
registered at the Occidental from Ga
A. L. Spring Jr. and L. O. Larimoor are
registered at the Grand from Cape Nome.
Lieutenant-Governor John T. Keen of
South Dakota arrived in the city yester
day, and is registered at tne Palace. ,
A. Baldwin of Omaha and J. J. Crowley
of New York arrived from the Klondike
yesterday and are registered at the Lick.
Colonel E. H. Plummer, Thirty-fifth
United States Volunteers, is registered at
the California from "Vancouver Barracks.
A delegation of prominent South Da
kotans arrived in the city : yesterday to
assist in welcoming home the volunteers
who enlisted from that State. They are:
"W. T. La Follette of Chamberlain; T. W.
Taubuan 'of Plankinton '< and M. H. Kelly
of Aberdeen. They are registered at the
Cal. glace fruit 50c per lb at Townsend'a.*
■ ♦ ■
v Special Information supplied daily to
business houses and public men. by th«
Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Mont
gomery street. Telephone Main 1042. •
Swallowed Carbolic Acid.
Cora Williams, a diminutive blonde,
living at the King House, Fourth and
Howard streets, swallowed a two-ounce
bottle of carbolic acid yesterday after
noon with suicidal intent. Jennie An
derson, another roomer, attempted t"
knock the bottle out of her hand,- but
was too late. She had both her hands
burned with the add for her good inten
tions. Miss v\ imams was taken to the
Receiving Hospital and Dr. McGettigan
did everything possible for her bit said
she could not live. The girl cam> from
Los Angeles recently and had beer drink
« ♦ «
" Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup "
Has been used for fifty years by mill ons of
mothers for their children while Tanning with
perfect success. It soothes the child softens
the gums, allays Pain, cures Wind Core regu
lates the Bowels and is the best reriedy for
Diarrhoeas, whether arising froir. te.thlng or
other causes. For sale by druggists In every
part of the world. Be sure and ask for Mrs.
WlnsloWs Soothing -Syrup. He a bo tie.
HOTEL DEL CORONADO— Take advantage
of the round trip tickets. Now .nly $60 by
steamship,' Including fifteen days' loard at hr>
*«l: l° nKer stay. $2 50 per day ' Apily.at • New
Montgomery reet. Ban Francises ;