OCR Interpretation


The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 01, 1900, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1900-01-01/ed-1/seq-4/

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this month.
The two new dredges are very large,
having a capacity of handling 4000 cubic
yards of gravel per twenty-four hours.
The laxgest yet installed in *hl3 State
Commander J. F. Stuart of the British
navy has invented an instrument for rap
idly ascertaining distances of Bhips and
.objects at sea of known height. Its fa-
If the members of the local Democratic "organi
zation" arra3-ed in war with one another continue to
tell all they know they will save others the trouble
lr.ler on.
Texas Populists have adopted as. their war cry for
1900 "Down With Fusion!" They probably think
it's a new blend of whisky.
tal neglect, the metal mining interests
of the State will receive some measure of
valuable service from the Mining Bureau
will gratify the miners. It is one encour
aging feature of the Mining Bureau mess.
Mr. Storms Is a man of excellent scien
tific and technical attainments. After
some years of mining experience In Da
kota and Colorado ho came to California
and from ISI>2 to ISD6 was connected with
the Mining Bureau as field assistant dur
ing portions of the Nolan and Crawford
administrations. His bulletin on Meth
ods of Mine Timbering has had wider de
mand and circulation than any other bul
letin issued by the bureau. His field work
was mainly In the mother lode region
during those years and some of the most
valuable chapters in three of the reports
are by him. This work and a later ex
perience of his own In mine operation
nave made him especially familiar with
the mother lode and the scientific and
practical features and problems of Its
mining industry- He is also well ac
quainted with the rest of the mining field
in California. For some months he has
had editorial charge of the Mining and
Scientific Press. The leading' mining men
will undoubtedly approve his appoint
ment, whatever they may think of the
discouraging state of the administration
of the Mining Bureau.
Now Storms will range through the
mother lode region and north of it, "doing
scientific, descriptive and statistical work
not yet definitely planned. Bowers will
work somehow according to counties, and
Watts will stick to the oil fields and bos 3
the work in the Governor's name. All
will get up a lot of matter for publication.
How much of it and when will depend
on the money available. Gage started In
by setting aside $2000 of his $20,000 for the
two years for this purpose, but it Is not
very far that will go with illustrated re
ports and bulletins. He wanted some of
the $7500 allowed extra for printing by the
Legislature, but the State Mineralogist
happened to have a grip on that and
wouldn't yield a cent. During the hot
disagreement between Gage and State
Mineralogist Cooper the latter threatened
to close the laboratory for lack of funds,
and the Governor conceded $2500 of hi 9
$20,000 for its support. This leaves him
$14,600 to divide as he pleases between ex
perts and publications before July 1, 1901.
In fact, there are no strings In his meth
od of disbursing it in the mining field.
The other mining bureau is already put
ting forth matter from the State Printing
Office. Bulletins Nos. 13 and 14. giving In
tabulated form the mineral production of
the State by counties for 1597 and 1533
have been received from Sacramento and
are ready for distribution. They are sin
gle wall sheets, 24 by 33 inches in size and
uniform in style with others of recent
years.
In a few days a map of the Oil City oil
field will be out. It is a geographical and
topographical map, 18 Dy 20 inches, of
twelve sections, of outline nature, giving
no claim boundaries or geological fea
tures, showing about twenty unidentified
wells, and is valuable and convenient as
a map on which claims can be easily de
lineated.
Mr. Cooper's extensive and valuable bul
letin on the genesis of petroleum and as
phaltum in California is being printed and
will be issiied before long. He proposes to
follow this with the county mining maps
and registers, which have been walling
for publication so long, probably starting
with Siskiyou County.
It looks as though the dual State Min
ing Bureau would run along this way for
some time. Gage's illegal private bureau
promises to swing and flourish because no
one will legally question ft and because
Gage is able to muster political, moral
and immoral support. Cooper is not dis
posed to contest it, contenting himself
with refusing to know anything about it
and confining himself to the ferry build
ing quarters. The five trustees are keep
ing mum. A majority stand by the Gov
ernor and the minority attends to its own
business. So Cooper stands by himself
and doesn't kick a stone wall. The trus
tees agreed to sign' the bills of the Gov
ernor's bureau as a matter of form, but
decided that he must sign them first aa
he was running the outside department.
So the salary and expense bills of Messrs.
"Watts, Storms and Bowers will go first
to the Governor's office for his O K.
Then in San Francisco Secretary Durden
will chase around for the signatures of
the busy trustees and then Gage will pass
on them again as a member of the Board
of Examiners. The November and De
cember bills will probably go through the
Board of Examiners like greased eels at
the January meeting.
Uncle Sam is doing a good deal for the
mining industry which the State is not
doing for itself. Comparatively few are
familiar with the monographs, reports
and maps issued by the Geographical
Survey. George H. Eldridge, U. S. G. 5.,
is making an exhaustive study of the
bituminous resources of California. He
began In Santa Cruz County a month
ago, is now in Santa Barbara County and
will probably spend some months on his
studies. His resulting report should be
of great value.
Last week two of the big gold dredges
on the Feather River, a little below Orj
ville. resumed operations with electric
power after a shut-down of about a
month to change machinery and also be
cause of lack of fuel. Power is suppli«d
by- the Yuba Power Company from the
Yuba River, at a distance of twenty-six
miles. One or two more will soon use
electric power, as will two new Postie
thwaite or Rlsdon dredges to be launched
NEWS OF FOREIGN NAVIES.
Grand Duke Alexander of Russia has
published a work on "Foreign Xavies and
Book of Naval Information." It is said
to be very exhaustive and that the his
tory relating to the growth of the German
navy Is both Interesting and accurate.
Admiral yon Dlederichs, lately com
mander in chief of the German squadron
in waters of the Far East, has. been made
chief of staff of the German navy. This
is the highest position that can be at
tained by a naval officer and places him
practically at its head.
"Work Is progressing at a phenomenally
rapid rate on the French coast defense
ship Henry IV, building at Cherbourg
dockyard. Fifty-two armor plates were
put on the vessel in one month and it
took exactly three hour 3 to place each
plate in position ready for fastening. The
constructor in charge has been compli
mented on the rapidity with which he 13
pushing the ship toward completion.
The Russian admiralty will send ship
models to the Pari3 Exposition. The
models selected are thoso of the Borc
dino, battleship; Gromoboi, an armored
cruiser; a 3000-ton protected cruiser, and
a torpedo-boat. The United States navy
Is also likely to be represented by a num
ber of those magnificent miniature ves
sels that are on view In the corridors of
the Navy Department building in Wash
ington and they will be sure to compare
very favorably with the handicraft of
foreign nations. :;"'
Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty
You have to keep an eye on the police all
the time.
The operation of the new charter has already, caused
a glut in the local lightning rod market. Mayor Phe
lan h.2d a large quantity of official electric fluid to dis
charge, but judging from the number of rods taken
down yesterday and stored for future use, he had not
enough to go around.
While the people of two hemispheres are still wax
ing blue in the face over the end of this and the begin
ning of the next century problem, "Me und Gott" has
settled it out of hand in his own lordly fashion. He
says this is the twentieth. That ought to settle it—
in Germany at least
"Suicide Concludes a Seven- Year Courtship" was
the heading recently on a Chicago dispatch. At firs:
glance readers were inclined to believe it heralded
some poor fellow's plunge into the sea of matrimony.
Reading farther on they found he had only shot him
self to death.
The famous game of "draw" as played in the West
has won new laurels. In a game at Auburn and
another at Redding two players failed to draw quickly
enough, and the Coroner finished the proceedings.
The people of the Camarines district, Philippine
Islands, complain that they are unable to market their
hemp. Can it be possible they have San Francisco
juries down that way?
HOTEL. DEL. CORON'ADO— Take adranUjr*
of th« round-trip tickets. Now only $60 by
steamship, including fifteen days' board at ho-
tel; longer stay, 13 00 per day. Apply at 4 N'«w
Montgomery street, San Francisco.
Note 81 Fourth street. 5c barber, grocer;
best eyeglasses, specs. lOc to 40c. •
Special Information supplied dally '.->
business bouses and public men by tna
Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Mont-
gomery street. Telephone Main 1042. *
Townsend'a famous broken and mixed
candies— 2 lbs. 25c. 627 Palace Hotel. •
AROUND THE
CORRIDORS
W. J. Moxham of Sydney, N. 8. "W.. la
at the Palace.
J. H. Barbour. the San Diego capitalist.
Is a guedt at the Palace. •
Dr. J. S. Mlnefee, a prominent physician
of Arcata, Is a guest at th« Grand.
W. K. Brown, a wealthy land owner of
Hollister, is registered at the Lick.
"W. W. Gillett is registered at the Oc
cidental from his home in Palinero.
I. C. Wolfskill. one of the principal busi
ness men of Suisun, Is among the late ar
rivals at the Lick.
Dr. and Mrs. B. "W. Haines have com*
over from Belvedere and have taken
rooms at the Occidental.
F. M. "Whitney, one of the leading busi
ness man of Santa Barbara, is at the Oc
cidental, accompanied by his wife.
Dr. Joseph Jarvls, a leader of the River
side medical fraternity, is among the ar
rivals of yesterday at the Grand.
Baron Korff. an aristocrat from Ger
many who is traveling for pleasure
through the United States, Is staying at
the Palace.
With the forty-five new ships already
launched but not yet completed th»
French navy will be stronger by 1112 ves
sels in four years, unless the present pro
gramme goes Into the wastebasket and
thus shares the fate of many previous
endeavors to formulate and work out a
naval defense policy. ' '
ROBERTS AND KITCHENER.
POPULAR sentiment in Great Britain gives un
qualified approval to the action of the Ministry
ia sending General Roberts as commander in
chief to South Africa, with General Kitchener as chief
of staff. These two men are for this generation the
military heroes of the empire, and the conclusion in
the British mind is that when they take command
there will be an end to blundering and a straight
march to certain victory.
Military experts, however, are not so sanguine as
the people. They recall that neither Roberts nor
Kitchener has ever fought a foe led by skillful gen
erals, trained in the tactics of modern war and armed
with the weapons of civilization. The experience Rob
erts had in fighting the wild tribes of India and that of
Kitchener in destroying the fanatics of the Soudan
has hardly furnished them with lessons of any great
value in the war they are now about to undertake,
and for that reason the military critics claim their
ability to grapple with the problems of the conflict
before them cannot be taken for granted by reason of
their successes in the past.
It has also been noted by some of these critics that
Roberts is a comparatively old man and has lived his
life in the exhausting climate of India, so that he
will hardly at the age of 67 have much vigor for
active campaigning. On the other hand, Kitchener
if not only a young man, but is one of the young men
who have a contempt for old men in war. He took
none but young men with him to the Soudan and he
has been quoted as saying if he had his way he would
retire from the army every officer over 50 years of
age. From that difference between the two some
critics predict there is likely to be friction between
the commander in chief and the chief of staff and that
the result will be the retirement of one or the other
before the war is over.
One thing is certain, Roberts and Kitchener will
have a much better chance to win fame than Buller
has had. In the first place they will have the benefit
of his disastrous experience in making direct attacks
upon entrenched Boers and they will not make blun
ders of that kind. Moreover, they are to have better
artillery and a larger force of cavalry. They will thus
have many advantages over the unsuccessful general
who started so boldly to march to 'Pretoria before
Christmas, but who up to this time has not succeeded
even in relieving Ladysmith.
Another great advantage will be derived from the
increased confidence which will be given to the Brit
ish troops by the knowledge that Roberts is to com
mand them. According to all reports that come to
us Roberts is one of those rare men who have the
magnetic power of rousing their followers to the
highest levels of courage and endurance. He is the
idol of the army and it is a foregone conclusion that
whatever British pluck can do to win laurels for him
will be done.
TO BE DONE FORTHWITH.
\\ AYOR PHELAN'S reason for vetoing the
/ \ order of the Supervisors imposing a license
tax upon nickel-in-the-slot telephone machines
is sufficiently valid to justify him in his action, pro
vided he keep the promise made in the veto to submit
to the Supervisors "forthwith" a new resolution to
the same purpose. The reason, however, will not be
deemed good by the people if it turn out to be no
more than another means of delaying the issue and
taking it out of the hands of this board.
The Mayor's words are worth noting. He says:
"The only reason for my objection is that City and
County Attorney Lane advised the board before the
passage of the order that it was illegal and would not
stand in the courts. If this is true it would be of no
value bnt only expense to the city to enact the order,
and if it is not true it could only be determined after
i suit in which the City and County Attorney himself
would have to defend the action, and having given an
opinion against the validity of the order he would be
jn no position to defend it. In conterence with him
we have agreed to submit an order which will answer
the Jejral objections. It will be forthwith submitted
f tc your honorable board for enactment.
Lndcr the circumstances, as the term of the present
board is about to close, the Mayor s promise to sub
mit Ins revised order forthwith will have no value to
anybody except the telephone corporations, unless it
mean the order shall be submitted to the board at its
meeting on Tuesday. If it be not so submitted the
Supervisors should pass the former order over the
The reasons for prompt action in this matter are
imperative. The present Board of Supervisors has
undertaken the legislation embodied in the order and
is entitled to the credit and the honor of carrying
it to success. It is well known that the telephone
corporations are fighting for delay. They have «ousrht
to obtain it upon one excuse or another ever since
the ort.cr was introduced. They are. urging it now
and the Mayor will play into their hands if he make
delay. The new board might pass the order if sub
mitted to them, but their, action is uncertain, while
that of the present board is certain. It is not exne
a:ent to take chances with a monopoly so wily and 50
prafpmg as that which controls our telephone system.
Let the order be submitted and enacted forthwith.
have a limit of 2300 yards. The new
ones are of the continuous bucket t>pe
30 by SO feet in size, and designed to
reach thirty feet below water and to
stack tailings thirty-five feet high. There
will then be in the Feather Riven near
Oroville, five dredges of the Postle
thwalte type, two of the scoop type and
a continuous bucket dredge of Eastern
design.
The Feather presents exceptional op
portunities for successful dredging en
terprises In the neighborhood of Oroville,
and they will multiply in the future.
Thousands of acres of that river bottom
will average 15 cents per cubic yard from
grass to bedrock, and the bedrock Is
within reach and soft enough to be prac
tically dug up by the scoops. The iuba
has not proved as good a dredging field as
was anticipated, partly on account of the
deep deposits of comparatively barren
detritus and partly because the stream
shifts its bed so frequently.
The dredging people are generally close
mouthed about their affairs, and no relia
ble statement of the gold prtoduct by
dredging can be given. R. H. Postle
thwaite, who is in an exceptional position
for Judging, estimates the total product
for 1839 at between $150,000 and $200.0<j0.
Some of the present dredges have worked
but a few months. New dredges now
building and the continuous operation of
all should greatly enlarge the output dur
ing 1900. The one operating at Mississip
pi Bar, 150 feet above the American, haa
been making money for eight months,
and the one at Lowden's ranch, up on the
Trinity, has been running successfully for
eighteen months. ..-¦:¦¦ -
On the Feather dredges have handled
gravel during the year at an average total
cost of less than 5 cents per cubic yard.
There are several new dredging enter
prises in process of negotiation and a
number of dredges will undoubtedly be
built during the year. When there are
considered the successes now established,
the hundreds of square miles of aurifer
ous ground that can be worked in no
other way and the Increasing interest in
this safe field, it can be confidently pre
dicted that gold dredging in California
will soon yield upward of $1.000 000 annu
ally and add more to the gold product
than hydraulic mining does now.
AUCTION SALES.
By Chase & Mendenhall— Tuesday. January J. at 11 o'clock.
Vnn Nes* ?tah!es, at £10 Van Ness avenue.
miliar name is that of range-finder, of
which none of those hitherto used have
come up to the requirements. The United
Service speaks in high term 3 ol commen
dation of this new instrument, saying that
It weighs only ten ounces; that it Is easily
carried in a coat pocket: it requires no
microscopic reading: has no adjustments
and the distance can be ascertained in
a few seconds.
The new scale of pay of inspectors of
work in the British dockyards and of
navy work under contract In private
yards allows a yearly salary ranging from
$650 to tSZO to shipwrights, ship fitters,
engine fitters, hydraulic machinists and
boilermakers. Joiners receive $3GO to $75-*;
painters, $300 to $650, and calkers. JOOO tr>
$700. The inspectors are selected from
such men in the dockyards as have serveil
a regular apprenticeship and passed a
qualifying examination. After a certain
number of years they are entitled to pen
sion, graded according to their length of
service.
The French naval programme ns
passed shows that thirty-two vessels ar-j
in course of construction, not yet
launched, and thirty-five are recommer..!
ed to be built during: the next four year.-*,
giving a total of sixty-seven vessels of
?.H, cl^? es t0 be completed or begun by
1903. The number of vessels designate.!
for each year la as follow 3.
gigantic trusts, many of^them topheavy and overcapi
talized, and the wild speculation in them by Wall
street. Had it not been /or the exceptionally strong
position of legitimate business a serious panic would
probably have resulted. But through all the tight
money scare in Wall street for several months back
the genuine trade of the country has moved along
with hardly a ripple. Wall street has had its lesson
and it is to' be hoped that it will profit by it!-
As for California, nothing is to be said except that
the prospects -for- 1900 could not be better. Copious
rains have practically insured abundant crops, the
merchants are doing the largest business for years,
money is easy and collections good, and the croaker
has disappeared from the land-
P.Y JANUARY 1, 1900
JOHN D. SFRECKELS, Proprietor.
All Communications to W. S. LEAKE, Manager.
iTIOS OFFICE.. .Market and Third. S. K.
Telephone Main 16CS.
12DITOKIAL. nnOMS 217 to 221. Stevenson St.
Telephone Stain 1874.
• Delivered far Carrier*. 15 Cent* Per Weefc.
Stnsrle? Coplex, G> Centn.
Terms by Mall. Including l'oataarei
DML.Y CALL {Including Snndajr). one year. .Sfl.OO
DAILY CALL linrladinc Sunday). <J month*. . 3.00
UAILV CALL (including- Sunday), 3 months. . J. 50
DAILY CALL — By Single Month..... Cso
»l MiAY CALL One Year l.&O
WEEKLY CALL One Year l-OO
All postmaster* are authorised to receive
sobacrl ptlonn.
Sample copies v» 111 be forwarded when reaneited
miiLAM) OFFICE ©OS Broadway
C. GEORGE KKOGXESS.
Mcnacer Foreign AdvenMnc. Marquette Build
ing;. Chlcaco.
RKIV YOniC COURESPOXDEXTt
C. C CAItLTOX Herald Square
SEW YORK nEriIESEVTATIVEi
TERRY LIKENS jn 2!> Tribune Bulldlnc
cmr*.oo xews stavdsi
Sherman Hoti*p; P. O. NeT»s Co.» Great North
ern Hotel; Fremont House; Auditorium Hotel.
KEW YORK. SEWS STAXDSi
\Va?dorf-A««orla Hotel; A. Urcntano, 31 Union
Sqiarri Murray Hill Hotel.
XVASIIIXGTOX CD. C.» OFFICE. . Wellington Hotel
J. F. i:\iil.lMi, Correspondent.
nn*\Cll OFTirj^S 127 Montgomery "treet. cor
ner (lav, ojx-n until !>:"O o'clock:. 300 HayeM
¦ Irrrt. open until »:3O o'clock. O3D McAlllntrr
• trcei, open until !«:."H» o'clock. <il."» Larkln
street, open until 8130 o'clock. 1041 Mlsnlon
• trert. open nntll J" o'clock. 2261 Market
¦ treet. corner Sixteenth, open until 9 o'clock.
1090 Valencia street, open until !• o'clock.
)•'<; l.li-irnib street, open until !> o'clock.
JkW. corner T*venty-«econd und Kentucky
street*, open until » o'clock.
King Charles of Portugal to his lady Queen: "Dear
jest^is ciyvcrown on straight?"
ADVERTISEMENTS,
Are the children growing
nicely? A little stronger
each month? A trifle
heavier ? That's good.
Or is one of them growing
the other way? Growing
weaker, growing thinner,
growing paler?
If so, you should try
Scott's Emulsion at once.
'Tis both a food and a
medicine to all delicate
children. It makes them
grow in the right way —
taller, stronger, healthier,
50c and Si.ki, 4.1 druggist*.
— — — m
"Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrap'»
Has been used for fifty years by millions of
mothers for their children whlla Teething with
perfect success. It soothes the child, softens
the rums, allays pain, cures Wind Colic, regu-
lates the Bowels and is the best remedy for
Diarrhoeas, whether arising from teething or
ether causes. For sala by drusrgists in every
part of the world. Be sure and asic for lira.
Wlnslow's Soothing Syrup, Sc a bottle.
A contortionist may bo completely
wrapped up In himself without being con-
ceited.
Start the new year with a box of Town-
send's California Glace Fruits, 50c Dcr
lb. 627 Market; Palace. ' V r
Cream mixed candles In Japanese bas-
kets, 2 Ib 50c.. at Townsend'a, 627 Market.*
THE OLD YEAR AND ITS RECORD.
NOW and then expectations are realized in this
uncertain world, and the :Commercial year of
! 1899 was one of these pleasant exceptions. In
volume of business and magnitude of profits it broke
all previous records. Indeed, it exceeded the most
sanguine anticipations in the upward movement of
values. Taking the bank clearings of the country
as an index the volume of business was 74 per cent
larger than in 1897 and 51' per cent larger than in 1892,
the year preceding the panic. The failures, too, were
the smallest in seventeen years, but the collapse of
speculation in copper and the consequent failures in
Boston a week or two ago added over $18,000,000 to
the year's liabilities. ' Including this serious amount
the liabilities in 1899 were $120,000,000, of which $89,
260,000 were commercial and the balance banking,
most of the latter being charged up to Boston, and
within a fortnight. The average of liabilities to fail
ures was $9500, the smallest average in twenty-five
years. The best showing of the year was made by the
Southern and Pacific States, where the decrease in
failures from 1898 was 33 per cent. The railroads
added their share to the general prosperity, their. gross
and net receipts exceeding all records' Railroad
building was the heaviest since 1890, double the aver
age of the preceding four years and 50 per cent more
? 1 :„ ,o^,o
The* export trade of the country made an equally
fine showing. It footed up almost $1,280,000,000, or
about 3 per cent over 1898, which was the largest pre
vious year. Manufactured goods are credited with
most of the gain in 1899, as breadstuffs and cotton
fell off 15 per cent each, the latter in consequence
of a decreased crop, and cattle and hogs 12 per cent.
The imports from foreign countries during the year
amounted to about $800,000,000, which gives us a
total foreign trade of about $2,000,000,000, which, it
is unnecessary to say, has never been equaled. It was
a manufacturers' rather than a producers' year, as
manufactured products advanced in price all around,
with a greatly increased output, while cereals declined
about 6 per cent, with diminished shipments abroad.
Metals advanced about 50 per cent over 1898. The
other advances are in raw cotton and wool, coal, hides
and leather, provisions of all kinds and live stock,
not to mention hundreds of lesser products. The ap
preciation in wool was 35 per cent and in cotton 29.5
per cent. The heavy increase in imports of raw ma
terial during the year shows the intense activity of
our manufacturing plants. The balance of trade in
favor of the United States, while not as large as in
1898, owing to the increase in imports, still aggre
gated an enormous amount.
The prospects for the coming year are fully as flat
tering as on January I, 1809. Most manufacturing
lines have entered the new year with order books
filled from three to six months ahead. The. iron out
put is contracted for far into the year, say from six to
nine months. The tremendous activity in iron and
steel was the great feature of the year.
Columns would be required to enumerate the in
crease in business in the different lines, hence only the
important ones are mentioned. The only cloud dur
ing the whole year was- the, reckless formation-^f,
AMUSEMENTS.
Orrheum— Vaudeville.
California— "With Flyinr Colcrs."
Columbia— "'•The Christian."
Tivoli— --Little 80-I'eej>."
Grand Op<»ra-house — "Sinbad."
Grand Opera-House— Syrr.phor.y Concert TfcursSay afternoon,
January **¦
fAlhambra — "FinEican'e Ball."
Alcazar— ••Chimmie Fa<sden."
Chutes. Zoo and Theater— Vaudeville every afternoon and
ereninc.
Olysjpla, corner Mason and Ellis streets— Specialties.
VWstem Turf Association ra-cea to-day.
REMNANTS oF...__
DRESS SILKS, LACES,
VELVETS, DRESS TRIMMING,
RIBBONS, DRAPERY GOODS,
Marked at About One-Half Usual Prices.
SPECIAL PRICE REDUCTIONS.
LADIES' PLAID DRESS SKIRTS.
Made of good' quality anJ desirable styles of this season's
plaid; lined and interlined: the rem under or styles <!>O *j 'f?
that were sold at $5 and $6. Now on sale at- M>O« / 3
LADIES' BLACK SATEEN PETTICOATS.
Flounce ruffle, trimmed and dust rufflr; the regular <£l f\f\
¦ 51.50 grade. Now on special sale at vJJI&vJvF
•\ * .
LADIES' SILK. PETTICOATS.
Made of an excelhnt grade of tiff ruffh trimmed ; <£/f CA
good colorings; regular valus 56.50. Nowon sale at n)T"» \J\J
ON SALE AT BOTH STORES.
KOHLBERG, STRAUSS & FROWN,
107-109 Post Street.
1220-1222-1224 Market Street,
THE NEW YEAR.
WHETHER we count it the last" year of a fad
ing century or the first of a new. one, igoo will
still have a particular, significance to the world.
It has been marked at its beginning by the most sol
emn services of the church, is' to be commemorated
in the most splendid capital of the world by an expo
sition of unsurpassed magnificence and beauty, and
promises to be for the world at large, despite the por
tentous war in South Africa, a period of unexampled
prosperity. ' „
Carlyle has told us:. "There are ten thousand times
ten thousand clocks in the world to sound with
clangor the alarm as the day passes on from hour to
hour, but there is no sound heard from the great horo
logue of eternity to warn the soul as the ages svveep
on from eon to eon." Man of his own volition must
stop and count and make note, if he would mark the
procession of centuries and measure how far he has
mounted upward to higher levels of life in the course
of any one of them.
0 That meditation will to-day, to some extent at least,
occupy every reflecting mind throughout the Chris
tian world. Men will compare and contrast so far as
they can the condition of mankind with what it was
in iSoo. The tremendous advance which has be^n
made in every form of material good, will occur to
all. The vast increase in man's power over the forces
of nature will engage serious attention; nor will any
one overlook the thousand evidences of a moral im
provement in the general. mass of men attending the
improvement in their physical comforts and in all the
complex materialities of their environment.
The proofs of ennoblement resulting from the work
and the thought of the century will be noted with
gratification. They are to be found everywhere,
even in the war in South Africa. Battles are no
longer so bloody as they were, the contending forces
are gentler toward the prisoners who fall into their
power, and a thousand tender ministrations of skillful
hands and kind hearts await to relieve the pain of
the wounded and as far as possible nurse them back
to health.
From the great advance which has been made since
the beginning of the century, it is certainly reasonable
to draw auguries of a still greater advance in the cen
tury to come. Science and mechanical ingenuity have
accomplished marvels in drawing men . into closer
communication and relationship to one another, and
with that has come a diminution of racial enmities.
The industrial forces that, make for peace increase
with the years, and the enlightened body of men and
women who oppose wars grows in numbers and m
prestige. It is still a military world. The nations
were never before so universally armed, nor did they
ever watch one another with more of jealousy. Never
theless it was never before so peaceful a world, nor
did the nations ever before have so many alliances
that tend to the maintenance of peace.
Considered from every point of view, therefore, the
century has given good reason' for the highest hopes
of humanity. In all the tides of time never was there
such progress made in any other century, and never
did a New Year's day dawn that brought to the world
so bright a prospect and so strong a promise of com
ing good.
We sleep and wake and sleep, but all things move,
The sun flies onward to his brother sun;
The dark earth follows wheeled in her eclipse.
And human things, returning on themselves.
Move onward, leading up the golden year.
THE NEW COMMISSIONS
OF the Mayor's selections of Commissioners to
administer the various branches of the munici
pal government under the new charter, it may
be said as was said of the ten virgins in the parable,
some are wise and some are foolish. It is to be re
gretted that the Mayor has shown the worst judgment
in the very appointments where he should have exer
cised his best.
Taking the list in the order given out and published
yesterday, and reviewing it as a whole, the first com
mission, that of the Board of Public Works, will meet
with general approval. It is excellent in every re
spect. Following it is the Civil Service Commission,
which has been very inadequately filled. The ap
pointees are not strong men and as a body the com
mission is likely to fall below the level of the respon
sibilities imposed upon it. The 'appointees to the
Board of Education are also unsatisfactory. The Po
lice Commission is fairly well made up. On the Fire
Commission two good men have been named and
they may perhaps control the board and make it an
efficient body. The Election Commission will pass
as good. The Park Commission is excellent and the
same commendation can be given to the Board of
Health. " V° : v ",
It will be seen that the two commissions to which
the weakest appointments have been made are the
Civil Service and the Board of Education. Now it is
upon these two commissions that the most important
reforms and administrative work under the new char
ter are to be carried out. The foundation of the whole
new charter system of government rests upon the
regulation of the civil service. That commission will
have to resist and to overcome all the push and the
pull of the job chasers and the .bosses; it will have ro
put aside even* temptation toward partiality or favor
itisrrr, no matter upon what consideration they b~
urged. Bad men or weak; men who are intense, par
tisans or who are inclined to use official power for
their own advantage can readily find means to evade
the civil service regulations and' advance unworthy
favorites to office. The Call does not charge that the
Commissioners appointed by the Mayor will misuse
their authority and turn their office into a patronage
bureau, but it does say the importance of the civil ser
vice to the municipality under the new charter is so
great that the men chosen to administer it should
have been among the strongest and most eminent in
the city. The public will not have full confidence in
the Commissioners until they win it by the merit of
their service and it is to be hoped that merit will be
shown.
The Board of Education has charge of a work
whose importance it would be difficult to overesti
mate. It will have to undertake something like a rad
ical reform of the schools, for it is well known that
for years past every successive School Board has fur
nished the city with scandalous jobs or frauds of some
kind. The variety, the extent and the degree of evils
caused to public education by corrupt or inefficient
school boards have long been the subject of indignant
comment and formed the theme of the main discus
sion at the recent con% r ention of the Teachers' Asso
ciation. It is therefore with deep concern the public
will note the weakness of the Mayor's appointments
to that board.
Protest apairst the appointments is of course un
availing. The people, however, will note the weak
places in the administration that is to direct municipal
affairs in the inauguration of the new charter, and will
be prompt to note any sign of inefficiency or evidence
of bad intent. The sanguine spirit that now animates
nearly all classes of citizens will incline them to ex
pect the best results, but it will not blind them to
faults or frauds; and while honor will be given where
hooor is due, there will be swift and sharp condem
nation of any official or any commission that betrays
the popular confidence that with the new charter and
the new era, there are to be, along with prosperity
and improvement, a marked degree of efficiency, hon
esty and civic patriotism in every department of the
municipal administration.
YELLOW GOLD
AND NEWS OF
ITS DIGGERS
The Year's Yieid, the Mining Bu
reau, Golden Mud" and
Location Problems.
It Is too early for more than approxlm
ate estimates of the State's mineral prod
uct for ISW. and the best of these ma:
prove very, erroneous when reliable sta
tlstics have been compiled three months
or so hence by tho Mint- and Mining Bu
reau.
The. gold product Is not likely to vary
more than $500,000 from that of IS9B, and
may be nearly the same. Selbys, who re
ceive at first bond and refine two-thirds
or more of the gold product, expect little
change. The Director of the Mint has
just proclaimed a preliminary estimate
crediting California with $14,952,332, as
compared with $15,637,900 last year. His
figures are doubtless too low, as they gen
erally are. Good authorities. In close
touch with the Industry, expect, an in
crease of nearly a half million.
Under normal conditions there would
have been an increase reaching into the
millions. The enlargements in the scale
of operations of many of the biggest pro
ducing mines, the bringing into produc
tion of many new and rehabilitated prop
erties and the enormous increase of ac
tivity in every department of the mining
Held make this certain.
Of course, it was the drought that les
sened the golden stream. In 18'JS it was
estimated that the lack of water that
year cut short the gold product by $4,000,
uOO. In 1899 the industry suffered an un
precedented second year of drought, and
as the stored waters were everywhere al
ready abnormally low, the effect was
more severe than in the year before. Late
in the season production was nearly sus
pended along the mother lode. Many of
the heaviest producers again ran on half
time or hung up all their stamps for
weeks. Late in September there was
hardly a mill running In Tuolumne Coun
ty; in hydraulic mines, monitors were
silent; drift miners could not wash their
gravel. The shortage thus occasioned
again reached millions.
But the mining industry looks up now
with the remainder of the State as buoy
ant and as certain of a great future as
and other Industry. The liberal rains
have supplied already all lack of water
and there will be an abundance during the
coming year; which will send the product
to figures not reached before in a genera
tion, '¦'¦m -
Copper, petroleum, quicksilver, borax,
silver, asphalt and other products will
show gains and a gr«U increase of de
velopment and prospects for the near fu
ture. There will likely be an increase of a
million barrels of petroleum and copper
will show a great advance. The quick
silver boom has only fairly begun.
The appointment of W. H. Storms as
the third of the Governor's own field min
ing experts and the accompanying pros-
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, MONDAY, JANUARY 1, 1900.
ADVERTISEMENTS
4
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