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The United States Gunboat Helena; Ordered From Manila to Tientsin, China-
broached to the War Department, and it
is not expected that such a step will be
taken save as a la-st resort, for It Is felt
that it would mark an entanglement of
the United States in the European designs
respecting China from which It would he
difficult or impossible to secure release.
Russia and Japan Will Fight.
VANCOUVER, B. C. June 6.-Admiral
Sir E. C. Fremantle, for years in'charge
of the India and China- squadrons and
now commander-ln-chief at Devenport,
arrived to-day on his return from a tour
through the Orient He said that he
thought Japan and Russia would surely
fight. At any rate, Japan would never
back down. The feeling was so intense
there that no Ministry, could or would give
in to Russia, Korea,- he said, should be
long to Japan and the Japanese knew it
and would fight for it.
When questioned as to what part Eng
land would take In the struggle he said
that being "off duty" he could make no
statement whatever as to England's prob
able course In the event of war, but he
said that Japan was in the right, that
she would fight and she would win.
"When told of the recent massacre of
f ,-Rear Admiral Kempff , TJ. S. N. ?
British missionaries ¦ and of Japan's pro
test' against Russia sending in more
troops, he said:, "That greatly Intensifies
the situation, but you can understand how
I do not wish to commit myself."
Russian Engineers Murdered.
LONDON, June G. — A special from
Shanghai dated June 6 says the members
of the majority of, the legations at Pe
king, including the members of the Brit
ish legation, are sending their families
away. It- is also said that several promi
nent Chinese residents .are leaving the
city. There, is an unconfirmed report that
two Russian engineers have been murder
ed at Yu'Chou Fou. northwest of Port
Arthur, after their wives had been out
raged. ¦-' ¦-.¦¦•""'
. The total damage done to the Chinese
The above picture from the London Graphic shows the passage of the men landed from the foreign war vessels at
Tientsin for the protection of their respective consulates on the occasion of the coup d'etat in October," 1593, through the
Eroat rate that connects the Chinese -with rtie Tartar city. In front were a body .of thirty-five Cossacks, followed by
Muejaekets and marines of the several nations, in all about 300 in number. The occasion was remarkable in that it was
' the Srst time that any .foreign troops have entered Peking since ISCO, when the British and French allies' marched
through the came grate, and after sacking the summer palace dictated their own terms to the Chinese Emperor. The
> Americans and others just larded at the request of the several Ministers had the same experience of delay at Tientsin
and followed the same route into the city, where they are now on duty— three hundred men among a million and more.
NEW YORK, June 7. — Serious alarm was caused in London and Washington' by" the Chinese advices yes
terday indicating an imminence of a clash between Russia and Japan." Leading financiers met in the
British, metropolis to prepare for a possible break. in the market.. ,
In "Washington, the Helena cr some similar light-draft gunboat -was ordered to Tientsin. It was
stated that should Hussia attempt to override Japan's protest against the landing of a preponderating force,
the United States might join with Japan in objecting. Minister Conger was instructed to act in unison with
the representatives of the powers for the protection of foreign life and property.
Shanghai had alarming rumors of a hurried mobilization of Japan's fleet. It was alleged that the Jap
anese protest had stopped the landing of the Russian troops at Taku, a clash between the two powers being
regard-ed as inevitable if Russia had persisted. The Russian Minister was reported to have made another effort
to induce China, formally to request Russian aid, but no answer has been received.
Soldiers dispatched to attack the "Boxers" fought an engagement close to Peking, many being killed
en both sides.
Fresh, outrages by "Boxers** were reported and the damage done to railways by them to date was esti
jrtated at S5.OOO.OOO. Foreign representatives in Peking were sending their families away and two Russian
engineers had been murdered, it was asserted, after their- wives' had been outraged.
PEKING. June 6.— The situation is
growing steadily worse. Events
move with such rapidity and af
fairs, owing to the excitement of
the natives, are so critical that the
foreign ministers hold frequent meet-
Ings. They feel the reed of a free hand
for energetic action, without a perpetual
reference to the -home governments.
Sir Claude Macdonald. the British Min
ister, is wiring lor seventv-five more ma
rines Native employes who have return
ed from Feng Tai say they left the Box
ers openly drilMi-.s In the adjacent village.
A strong imperial edict issued this even
leg censures the "cowardliness of the lm
r4-ial troops" and orders the Viceroy of
PecMU and General Jung Lu immediately
to suppress the Boxers.
The foreign ministers at to-day's meet
ing discussed the meeting in special audi
ence with the Empress Dowager, but no
decision was rfuched.
. Situation Grows Worse.
•WASHINGTON. June 6. — Minister Con
ger cabled to-day that the sif^ation at
Peking was worse, and this statement,
taken In connection with Admiral
Kempff's alarmice cablegram of yester
day announcing that an engagement had
txyrun. decided the State Department to
strengthen the- naval forces nearest the
scene of the trouble. Accordingly a ca
blegram was sent to Adrnfral Remey at
Manila directing him to dispatch at enco
to Admiral Ivcmpff's command toe gun
boat Helena or a correspondingly -light
draft chip, AdraJral Kempff's flagship,
the Newark, drawing 23 feet of water,
cannct ascend the Pciho River safely be
yond the Ts-ku forts, near the entrance,
but the little Helena, drawing only 11 feet,
can safely so to Tientsin, forty miles
above. She .was especially designed for
service in these Chinese rivers, and so is
likely to prove much more effective than
any other of the foreign warships which
can pass the Taku forts and reach Tien
tsin. She carries a battery particularly
adapted to dealing with such half organ
ised mobs as the "Boxers.",
She Is commanded by Commander
Moorn. and her complement Is ten officers
and IOC rnen. In view of the service asked
of her it is expected that Admiral Rcmey
will add to this one or two companies of
Selena a. Welcome Addition.
It is gathered from Admiral KerapfTs
advice* that the "Boxers" are about to
attack Tientsin, bo that the Helena will
be a particularly welcome addition to the
foreign fleet In that part cf China. If she
leaves Manila to-day she should reach
Taku next Sunday night or Monday morn
Secretary Hay cabled Minister Conger
an authorization to call for reinforce
ments from Admiral Kempff and to make
such disposition of. his naval force as he
deemed proper to protect American inter
The administration is still determined
that the United States Government shall
continue on its independent course re
specting the Chinese situation, though
willing to go as far as possible to aid in'
the restoration of peace and order in
China. Therefore Admiral Kempff has not
been instructed to join the other naval
commanders In the Peiho River in con
certed action. ¦ ¦ ,'.•..
No American Hay Be Safe.
The friends' of the American mission
aries in the disturbed zone In China are
becoming alarmed and the State Depart
ment is beginning to feel the pressure of
their efforts to adopt an aggressive policy.
To-day inquiries were made as to the rea
son for the passive attitude of the United
States naval forces in China while the
Russians are reported to have promptly
sent out military expeditions from Peking
: for the rescue of Russian. French and
Belgian subjects whose safety was Jeop
ardized. It was argued that the United
States marines should have been likewise
dispatched to the assistance of the Amer
lean missionaries at Paotingfu. The de
partment's answer was that Minister
Conger being on the scene was better pre
pared than any one here to adopt relief
measures, for which he had received the
sanction of the department in the . shape
of a general authorization to protect
American interests, which of course
meant American lives among other things.
It also was questioned whether the very
small force of .marines at the; Minister's
command could be used to make a march
through the hostile country and away from
Its base. In that case the United States
legation, the only refuge In the event of an
outbreak in Peking, would be unsafe for
American refugees, as well as for the
United States Minister himself, for the
lack of a suitable guard. Meanwhile the
developments are being closely watched,
and if the next phase should bo still worse
it is ' probable that in addition to the
Helena at least one more warship-i-pos-
Fibly the Princeton, with a full battalion
of marines— will be ordered up the Pelho
River to Tientsin. So far the proposition
to call upon General MacArthur for troops
to make up a landing party has not been
tvr r I r -- - w w , t iniriil fi i!T« fair
LEGATION GUARDS ENTERING PEKING.
Eap Showing the Several Stages cf Frogress of the British
Troops Frcm Blcemfontain to the Transvaal Capital.
BULLER SECURES AN ARMISTICE.
LONDON, Jane 6. — A special dispatch from Lourenzo Marquez,
dated Tuesday, June 5, says:
"General Buller and Christian Botha met at Laings Nek
at Buller's request, when a three days' armistice was agreed upon."
The dispatch adds that the British have evacuated TJtrecht-
WILL NOT ACCEPT
LAND FPR BURGHERS
been on duty at some distance around
the town, very few cavalry and infantry
were able to take part In the ceremony.
"Several of our officers who had been
prisoners were among the onlookera."
dent Kruger informing him of an ofTer
of 10O acres of land in America to each
burcrher. the President replied:
"We thank 3*ou for this generous offer
of land, but the burghers are determined
to fight for their own land and Independ
ence to the bitter end."
LOURENZO MARQUEZ. June 6.-tn
answer to a telegraphic inquiry to Presi-
Special Cable to The Call and New York
Herald. CopyTirht. ISO*, by ths' Herald
LONDON. June 6.— Lord Salisbury ca
bled to Lord- Roberts as follows: "I earn
estly congratulate you on this crowning
result of your brilliant strategy and the
devotion of your gallant soldiers."
SALISBURY TO ROBERTS.
LONDON, June 6. — The Duke of Nor
folk, who is lieutenant-colonel of the Sec
ond Battalion of the Royal Sussex Yeo
manry, now in South Africa, has met with
a somewhat serious accident by falling
from his horse. His hip was dislocated
and he received other injuries. Dis
patches from Lord Roberta confirm the
accident. The Duke, it 13 added, is pro
Among the officers of the Thirteenth
Imperial Yeomanry captured are the Earl
of Lei trim, the Earl of Longford and the
Earl of Ennismoor. *
DUKE OF NORFOLK INJURED.
MASERU. Basutoland. June 6.— A troop
er of Brabant's Horse says In the last en
gagement the Boers took four British
prisoners, including an officer whom they
released conditionally. The officer sa'.d
the Boers between Flcksburg and Bethle
hem number C000 men.
THEEE EARLS PRISONERS.
MANY BOERS YET
OCCUPY MAJUBA HILL
Lourenzo Marques correspondents at
tach significance to tht- number of Brit
ish warships in Delagoa Bay. suggesting,
that they are there possibly in anticipa
tion of aiding the Portuguese in the event
of disturbances on the Transvaal border.
may be instituted for all South Africa,
leading in the course of time to federation
and the subsequent autonomy of the vari
ous states simultaneously.
LONDON, June 6.— 10:13 A. M.— Lord
Roberts telegraphed to the War Office as
"PRETORIA, June 5.-5:33 P. M.— The
occupation of the town passed off most
satisfactorily and the British flag is now
hoisted on top of the Government offices.
The troops met with a much more en
thusiastic reception than I anticipated.
The Third Battalion of the Grenadier
Guards lined the square when the march
past took place. Owing to their having
BRITISH FLAG IS
-HOISTED AT PRETORIA
[Special Cable to the Xew York Herald. Copy
right. 1900. by New York Herald Com
pany. Kepubllcatlor of this dispatch Is
prohibited. All rlehts reserved in the
United States and Great Britain.]
LONDON. June ".—The Dally Telegraph
publishes this dispatch from Its corre
NEW CASTLE. (Monday), June 4.—
Great numbers of the enemy still occupy
Majuba Hill. Laings Nek and the Pog
wanl range as far east as Englebrechts
Pass. On the Ballasberg the positions
they hold are particularly strong. Gen
erals Christian. Botha. Fourie and Pre
torlous are in command. Should they ob
stinately refuse to yield and still con
tinue fighting they will in all probability
fall back on Lydenburg by way of Ermelo
with prospects of a safe retreat Into the
almost Inaccessible mountains of the
Murchlson range. Their task to prevent
Buller' s entry into the Transvaal by way
of Volhurst can only result in failure and
unnecessary loss of lives on both sides.
TIENTSIN. June 6.— The Chinese ser
vant' of a Belgian engineer, who left Pao
Ting Fu two days after the Belgians, saw
five foreign and two Chines* dead oodles
in the Grand canal, one being the body of
a foreign woman.
A bold placard threatens the extermina
tion of the foreigners here on June 10.
It is rumored that the Boxers and Cath
olic Christians fought at Tung Hu Tues
day, three Christians being killed.
H. M. S. Barfleur has arrived and the
Terrible is expected.
One hundred and thirty-one Brit'sh.
thirty-one German, fifty French and
forty-five Italian marines have arrived
here. These reinforcements render Tien
Bodies in the Grand Canal.
but Russia did make it and the Chinese
Government is quite capable of accept
ing such assistance..".
lster, Sir Claude M. Macdonald, is report
ed to be quite ill.
Not One "Boxer" Arrested.
LONDON. June 7.— The Peking corre
spondent of the Times says: "No train
either left or arrived at Peking yester
day (Tuesday). Further damage to rail
ways Is reported. The Boxer movement
Is spreading unchecked . throughout the
provinces. Not one Boxer has yet been
arrested or punished. Anxiety is increas
ing regarding the safety, of the mission
aries at the various stations. At the meet
ing I of the Tsung-li-Yamen yesterday the
Japanese Minister discussed the offer of
M. de Glers. the Russian Minister, to give
the assistance of the Russian troops In
quelling disturbances. The Tsung-li-Ya
men denied that the offer had been made,
LONDON. June 7.-3:15 A. M.—iliM
• tary operations in South Africa arc
apparently at a standstill. For a day
or two the tired troops of Lord
Roberts' army are resting and he is
filling the magazines and warehouses at
his new base, Pretoria, preparatory to a
long chase after the retiring Boers in
the direction of Lyder.burg. /His cavalry
are probably seeking to intercept Com
mandant General Botha.
Some dispatches are to hand which left
Pretoria Monday while the fight' ng was
going on outside the my. They come b;
way of Lourenzo Marques. Or.: of them
"Toward the end of the day, when the
British naval guns were shelling the
southern forts, a number of projectiles
burst, damaging the suburbs. All day
armed burghers have, "been leaving Pre
toria, going east. The greater part of the
railway rolling stock has been removed.
General Botha's Tactics.
"General Botha was fighting an essen
tially rear guard action, his object being
not to defend Pretoria, but \o delay Lord
Roberts until the railway switch had
been cleared and the main part of the
Boer army had started to withdraw. The
British advance appears to have left open
to the Boers the best line of retreat aiong
Possibly Lord Roberts may have been
able to cut the railway before a full re
tirement was effected. That Pretoria
would be defended was apparently given
out after the council of war with a view
of misleading the British.
Lydenburg, the district to which the
provisions originally destined for Pre
toria have been diverted, and where a
cartridge factory has been erected and
where reserve supplies of all sorts are
stored, is a volcanic region of fertile val
leys, inclosed by great ramparts of pre
cipitous rocks, penetrated by narrow,
winding passes. There are herds of cat
tle in the valleys and there is much native
labor available for fortifying.
Exodus From Pretoria.
The Boers used bcth light and heavy ar
tillery at Pretoria. What is supposed to
have been the last train out of Pretoria
arrived at Lourenzo Marques on Sunday
evening. The passengers included a
number of foreign volunteers who were
lenvltiK the Boers, artd also the wives an-1
children;; of' Hollanders:.". THey dcscrfl>e«l
Pretoria as destitute or food "and clothing.
What the Boer • officials could not take
the natives and townspeople did.
"An Unorganized Kabble."
Probably the most Important Boor army
is at Lain gs Nek. where both sides are
passive. General Rundle and General
Brabant have withdrawn a little south-
General Baden-Powell has extended
martial law to the Marco and North
Lichtenburg districts. Shots were ex
changed between Boer and British pa
trols eighteen miles east of Mafeking on
May 2S. Part of the forces lately at Pre
toria are reported to. have gone westward
to meet Baden-Powell and to make a
show of holding the country through
which he and General Hunter are moving.
A dispatch to the Daily Telegraph from
Newcastle, dated Tuesday, described the
Boers there as an unorganized rabble,
without flour, meat or sugar. Their sur
render is only a question of time. Never
theless, the correspondent avers they hold
strong positions, with a prospect of a safe
retreat toward Lydenburg.
It is understood at Newcastle that the
British^ Government has approached the
Natal Government ?ith a proposition
; that Natal shall voluntarily renounce lo
cal self-government for a time in order
that a good system of crown government
railroads by the Boxers Is now estimated
Battle Fought Near Peking.
SHANGHAI, June 6.— The soldiers dis
patched to attack the Boxers have fought
an engagement quite close to Peking.
Many. were killed on both sides.
In consequence of the representations of
Japan the landing of a large Russian
force at Taku is alleged to have been
stopped. It is believed here that should
Russia persist In sending a preponderat
ing military force to the front a collision
with Japan will inevitably result.
Alarming reports are current here of
the hurried completion of the mobilization
of the Japanese fleet.
The Russian Minister at Peking, M. de
Glers, has made another attempt to in
duce the Chinese Foreign Office to formal
ly request Russian assistance to restore
order, but the offer has not yet been ac
Violent dissensions are reported to exist
between the Chinese commander-in-chier
of the forces, Jung-Lu. and Prince Ching-
Tuan, who, In accordance with the wishes
of the Dowager Empress, is strongly sup
porting the cause of the Boxers.
The mobs who murdered the English
missionaries RoWnson ,and Norman mu
tilated and disemboweled the bodies. The
station at Yan-Tin, three miles from Pe
king, has been burned. . The British Min-
LORD ROBERTS' ADVANCE TO PRETORIA.
While the Commander-in-Chief
• Refills Magazines and Ware
houses General Buller Secures
. an Armistice...- 1
Landing of Guards in China by the Powers to
Protect Lives and Property of Foreigners
Likely to Hasten the War That Has Been
Impending in the Far East. ¦ >•
IMMINENECE OF A CLASH
BETWEEN RUSSIA AND JAPAN
TO PURSUE BOERS
PRICE FI^TE CEXTS.
SAX JFRANtJISCO, THURSDAY, JUXE 7, 1900.
VOLUME LXXXVIII— XO. 7.
The San Francisco Call.