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THE NINE-LIVED EVIL.
The Board of Supervisors is confident that it will
need r.o more money for the next fiscal year # than for
the present to provide for the maintenance of prison
ers in the county jails. It is quite possible that the
closing of Ingleside has given the City Fathers con
fidence in the hope th3t the number of local criminals
The City Attorney has been asked to shed the light
of his legal learning upon the Board of Supervisors
and tell that worthy body whether or not it is legal
to close th<? cemeteries within the city limits. Some
body in authority ought to ask the' City Attorney if
he has any power to keep open public streets — Sulli
van alley, for example.
No Fear of the Plague.
It may be that the bubonic plague has
reached San Francisco. Dr. Shrady. the
well known New York physician, seems
to think that It has, and yet it is very
strange that no one has yet been ablo
to find any one suffering with the disease.
There have been several suspicious deaths
and the doctors base their opinion en
tirely upon the results of autopsies. • •
Either San Francisco has never had the
plague or else it has nothing to fear even
with it present. No white person has died
with anything that looks like it. and it
has been confined wholly within the limits
of Chinatown. Asiatics are peculiarly
plague victims, and yet in the midst of
these 20.000 or 20.000 Chinamen, where It
would seem to have every opportunity for
spreading. It Is practically harmless.
One thing Is certain; it is very foolish
for any one to get excited over the situ
ation in San Francisco. In a panic, the
health officials of the State of Texas have
quarantined against the city. That is
absurd. This country Is not a good field
for the plague, and if it really has ap
peared among the Chinamen of San Fran
cisco and has been controlled so easily
no one need worry over its spread east
OUR CONSULAR "SYSTEM."
AR. BAYARD TAYLOR was once a candidate
for the position of Consul General at Berlin.
Some one else received the appointment.
When asked how he accounted for his defeat Mr.
Taylor replied: "There were three things against
me — First, I speak German; second, I know the Ger
man people; third. I* am a gentleman." .
This arraignment of our so-called consular "sys
tem" is hardly too severe. It is, unfortunately, even
truer to-day perhaps than when Mr. Taylor uttered
his memorable epigram. Those who doubt this.as
sertion should consult an article by Mr. Harry Gar
field in the June Century, entitled "Our Consular
Service." From this it appears that one of the un
foreseen results of the civil service law has been the
dumping into the open lot of our unfortunate consular
"service" of a load of political heelers who could not
be shot over the high fence of that law into the pre
! serves of the other governmental departments. The
personnel of the "service" instead of improving has
been, according to Mr. Garfield. steadily deteriorating.
To those familiar with the methods of appointing
Consuls there is nothing new or startling in
Mr. Garficld's exposure of the arrogance, ig
j norance and imbecility which he found per
vading an important consulate of the United
j States. This imbecility, ignorance and arro
i gance will Ve the rule. Competency, knowledge and
courtesy will be. as now, the exception so long as
our exporters are content to 'allow places in the con
sular "service" to be scrambled for by unscrupulous
politicians and their Congressional backers. It is
very certain that Congress will never reform the "sys
tem" of its own accord, for we live in an age of pru
dence, as Disraeli said, and the leaders follow the
people. "The people" here concerned are. as inti
mated above, the merchants whose interests lie in for
eign trade: from them must come the pressure that
J shall make our consular service a profession worthy
I the consideration of men of first-rate ability. As •-*
rule such men will not expatriate themselves for three
or four years with the certainty of being turned out
at the end of that time and of being obliged to begin
their lifcwork all over again. Only a third-rate man
I will do that, and solong as we put up with third-
I rate men we must compete for the world's trade at a
disadvantage with nations like Germany and England,
which have well organized and efficiently administered
. A Consul to-day is largely a commercial and very
little a political officer. Take the consular service out
of politics and put it where it belongs— on a business
WHEN the first reports of the insurrection in
China were received in this country Wu Ting
fang, the Chinese Minister at Washington, is
¦ reported to have made himself merry over them and
to have ridiculed the idea that the insurgents could
I seriously menace the peace of the empire or the lives
I cf foreigners residing there. He is quoted as saying
I the Chinese name of the so-called Boxers is "Ye Ho
Chuan," and means "righteousness," "harmony" and
"fists." and in a jesting way he added it is probably
the intention of the society to cultivate muscle for
the promotion of virtue and to teach harmony by fis
I^ater reports show that the clever Minister was
I either ignorant of the conditions of his own country
or was talking ns a diplomatist when he made such
sport of the insurgent society. The Boxers have
caused a disturbance so serious that various powers,
including the United States, have found it necessary
to send warships to the danger points and land ma
rines and bluejackets for the protection of their citi
zens. It is even said Russia is massing an army for
the invasion of China and that Japan is preparing
to assert her claims to Korea by force of arms should
the Russian advance be made.
The feature of the situation most interesting to us
is the evident desire on the part of the Chinese and
the British to induce the United States to interfere
and prevent any partition of the empire in case war
breaks out. The British are not in a position just
now to act with any effectiveness against Russian ag
gression unless they should have strong allies, and
I they cannot hope to find them anywhere in Europe.
Therefore they turn to us with expectation and pos
sibly with hope. The Chinese, on the other hand,
have no desire to see an alliance of the United States
with Great Britain, but wish our Government to main
tain the empire as it is in defense of American trade.
The British press in discussing the crisis has
strongly urged American intervention. The argu
ment put forth in London is that should Great Brit
ain and Russia interfere to suppress the insurrection
they would almost certainly come into conflict and
thus "Tiring about a war more dangerous than the in
surrection itself, while, on the other hand, the United
States could act with the consent of all. The Daily
Mail goes so far as to refer to the situation as "Mc-
Kinley's opportunity." and says: "The opportunity
for America has come. Will she let it slip from her
hands and lose her vest potentialities of/ trade in
A similar view of the case is presented in. an article
in the current number of the Forum by Ho Yow.
Chinese Consul 'General to this country. Discussing
the efforts of various European powers to dismember
China in order to obtain exclusive trade privileges
over certain provinces, he says: "No unusual per
ceptive powers arc required to see that if the United
THE CRISIS IN CHINA.
Miracles, it appears, will never cease. It has been
officially reported that the Hall of Justice has been
Woes of the Census Enumerator.
A thrilling drama of contemporaneous
interest, performed continually, morning
and afternoon in this and other sections.
The Enumerator — Good morning,
madam; I am the census enumerator.
The Lady of the House— No; we don't
want any to-day.
The Enumerator— You mistake my er
rand, ma'am. I'm making an enumera
tion of the— please don't shut the door on
my foot, ma'am— Inhabitants on this street
for the census bureau.
The Lady— We don't want any bureaus,
I tell you. ;
The Enumerator— Again you mistake,
ma'am. I am— what's your husband's
The Lady— That s his business.
The Enumerator— No, ma'am, It s my
business. . _ . „, „
The Lady— His name is Twiggs— Tony B.
Twlggs. Got a warrant for him? He ain't
The Enumerator— And your name.
ma'am? ¦ "v<
The Lady— My name is Nancy Jane
The Enumerator— Any children?
The Lady— Well. I never! No!
The Enumerator— Any children born
since June 1?
The Lady— Mercy's sakes! What do you
ask that fool question for?
The Enumerator— So that I can . omit
them, ma'am. Your husband, I suppose.
Is head of the family?
The Lady— Not when ma Is visiting us.
The Enumerator— And what la your re
lationship to your husband? »
The Lad v— There isn't no relationship.
I'm his wife, that's all.
The Enumerator— What color, ma'am?
The Lady— Sir! Natural, of course.
The Enumerator— Um-um-um. Age at
The Lady— My age!
The Enumerator— Don t get excited,
ma'am. All these answers will be held
strictly confidential. Age at last birthday,
The Lady— I can't give It.
The Enumerator— Why not?
The Lady— Because I don't believe I
have reached my last birthday.
The Enumerator— Shall we pay 28.
Thp Lndy— Tee-hee! I'll own up to 29.
Tho Enumerator— Thank you, ma'am.
And how long have you been married?
The Lady— Lemme see. Twenty-two
years, but it seems longer.
The Enumerator — Um-um-um. In what
vear did you Immigrate to this country?
Um-um-um. I'm getting ahead too fast.
Whore were you born?
The Lady— I was born on a Mississippi
Th»> Enumerator— Thanks. Do you speak
The Lady-Sir! , rC
And so on by painful degrees to the
bitter ond.— Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Assrfsor Dodge has asked, as a business proposi
tion, that he be allowed an appropriation for extra
clerks. Probably for the same reason he has very
gracefully withdrawn his request.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
BRYAN'S RELIGION— B. P.. City. Wil
liam J. Bryan is a member of the Presby
FREE TRADE WITH IIAWAII-N. F.,
City. Free trade between the United
States and the Hawaiian Islands will be
established on the 14th of June, 1900.
CENSUS— K., City. The questions that
are asked by census takers are not idle
ones, and no one should refuse to answer
such. It Is only by obtaining correct
answers to questions that has been form
ulated by the census ottlcers that reliable
data can te obtained.
BOTH CHAMPIONS-W. M. L... City.
John L. Sullivan proclaimed himself
champion of the world until James J. Cor
bett bested him and became the cham
pion. Up to the time Corbett defeated
him Sufllvan had a challenge to the whole
world to take his laurels from him.
WRAPPERS— W, H. D., City. The of
fer for the wrappers that are described in
your communication was a limited one.
Any dealer In the commodity described
will give you the address of the San Fran
cisco agents, but It being a private con
cern, this department cannot advertise it.
McKINLEY'S FAVORS— B. P., City.
As this department has no means of as
certaining the religion of those to whom
President McKinley has shown political
or other favor?, it is impossible to tell if
he showed more favors to those of one
lellgious denomination than he did to
those of other denominations.
FREE DELIVERY-T. H. B., Grass
Valley. Cal. Free mail delivery will be
established In all cities or boroughs hav
ing, according to the latest Federal or
State census, 10,000 inhabitants or In which
the gross postal receipts were during the
preceding fiscal year not less than ?10,0O).
The application must be made to the Post
master General through the First Assist
ant Postmaster General. The petition
must state the i-ame of the postofnee, the
population, the gross revenue, condition
of sidewalks. If the names of the streets
are posted and if the place Is properly
lighted. The petition may be presented
by the Postmaster, citizens or the munici
LORD FITZGERALD— Several Inquir
ers. City. Lord Edward Fitzgerald, who
during the days of '98 In Ireland became
president of the organization known as
the United Irishmen, was after his connec
tion with that association proceeded
against. A bill of attainder was passed
against his estates, which were confis
cated, but later this was reversed. Upon
his death he left his widow, who in later
years married Mr. Pitcairn. the American
Consul at Hamburg, but the marriage was
an unhappy one and the couple separated
by mutual consent. She then lived in re
tirement nt Montauban till 1S30. when she
went to Paris, France. Louis Philippe,
the associate of hor childhood, refused to
see her, and she died poor In 1S31. Fuller
details can be found In the "Life and
Death of Lord Edward Fitzgerald," pub
lished in 1S75.
FOR A PATENT— E. B.. Grass Valley.
Cal. The fee for a patent is the same,
be the article large or small. A person
having an article for which. a patent is
desired should place the matter in the
hands of a reliable patent agent and avoid
all mistakes and danger of losing the
benefits of a patent. The cost of secnrlng
a patent in addition to agent's fee Is:
On filing each original application for a pat
ent. $15; on Issuing each ordinal patent. f7a. In
design cases: For three years ami six months
$10: for Keven yearn. $15; for fourteen yearn,
$30. On filing earn cnvrat, $10. On every appli
cation for the reiRMie of a patent. W0. On fil
ing each disclaimer, lift. For certified copies of
I patents and other papers In manuscript. W
i-cents per hundred words; for certified copies rft
1 printed patents, W> cents. Kor uncertified
I printed copies of specifications r an<l drawings tff
I patents for single copies, or any number of un
classified copies. 5 cents each; for copies Uy
sub-classes, 2 cents each; by classes, 8 cents
each, and for the entire eet ot patents Issued,
In one order, 1 cent each. For recording every
assignment, agreement, power of attorney, or
other paper of three hundred words or under,
II: of over three hundred and under one thou
sand words. J2: of over one thousand words, |3.
For copies of drawings, the reasonable cost of
Programme of Exercises on the Green
at Glenwood and Frizes for ths
The final arrangements for the cetebra
tion of the one hundred and twenty-firth
anniversary were consummated Thursday
at a meeting of the various associations
connected with the observance of the day.
The literary and musical exercises will
take place at Glenwood. First will be tha
prayer by the chaplain of the day, Rev.
T. J. Lacey of Christ Church, Alameda;
opening remarks by William G. Badger,
president of the Bunker Hill Association;
song, "Star-spangled Banner," by Mrs.
Eva Tenney. Judge Edward A. Belcher,
president of the Vermont Association,
will introduce the orator. Merton C. Allen,
the well-known journalist and speaker,
and after the oration Alfred Wllkie will
sing "The Sword of Bunker Hill." There
will be sonss by the Emalada Ladies'
quartet, music by the Second Regiment
band and "America" will be sun? by the
audience. After the benediction the audi
ence will be free to enjoy the beauties
of the redwood groves, the dancing and
the games until the special trairu return
to the city at 5 p. m.
ALL READY FOR BUNKER
HILL DAY CELEBRATION
THE DAY WE CELEBRATE
THERE was some doubt abroad in the land
about celebrating July 4, 1000. The dealers
in fire vorks were thinking of compound
ing with their creditors, and the welkin seeme \
safe from being ?piit by the combination of noises
provided for in the speech which Webster put into
the mouth of John Adams in relation to the proper,
abandoned and noisy way in which the day should be
A sordid and sodden generation was about to skip
a holiday and go on laying up riches where moth
and ru*t doth corrupt and thieves break through
and steal. 1 he hilarious firecracker was in despair.
Vesuvius seemed about to die out with all its noise
and swell in its belly. Bombs, whims, pin-.vheels and
rockets. Roman candles, fountains and all the mem
ber:- of the illuminated picrate and nitrate family were
feeling the clammy touch of indifference and neglect.
The orators expectant Acre languishing unin%ited to
turn the tap of eloquence and let it flow. The young
lady who sings "America" and the principal of the
bchool who reads the Declaration, in every neighbor
hood, were falling out of practice. The processional
talent of each town, from that which arranges in line
the industrial floats, t'ne Goddess of Liberty and the
horrible*, to the committee on placehoics which >e
lects "the leading citizens in carriages," without of
fense to those who arc not chosen, was out of com
mission, and it looked as though this country had
celebrated its las* Independence day.
But upon the chaos and black night of indifference
all at one! there flashed Billy Hearst's order to
the American prnplc to celebrate the Fourth of July.
William ha? been having the subject read up to him
and decided that there must be a celebration. In <~tr.
der to have it go off dl right he orders the people to
do their celebrating under the auspices of the Bryan
eJubs. He believes these clubs to be the present cus
todians of the day celebrate and to possess the
fimon pure recipe for doing it honor. Of course in
thos,e benighted regions where there are no Bryan
club- there enn be no regularly authorized and prop
erly certificated celebration at all. In those plax'cs it
will be default day. But elsewhere silly-BilJy com
mands and ordains a racket, with the same pomposity
that Emperor Norton used in ordering a billion dollar
issue of his bonds. All the fireworks are ordered to
work, from the Mongoloid cracker to the largest ser
pent. Powder, smoky and smokelrs% giant and
dwarf, if to btirn. Ir.'.rst and detonate, according to
He has just been elected president of the national
organ izst ion of Bryan clubs, and has taken charge of
the Fourth of July, officially; to save it from falling
into desuetude, more or less innocuous. We are sur
prised that he did not order his celebrated "nail the
flag to the Philippines and gox'ern them outside the
constitution" editorial read as a dessert after the solid
meat of the Declaration.
It is rumored thai this petite person will soon is
sue a proclamation separating day from night, telling
why a doj^s nose is cold, revealing the right sign of
the zodiac in which to plant beans, and why meat
chrinks in cooking if it is slaughtered in the old of
time abomination of term examination
get together and Insist that the school
authorities remove the wholly unneces
sary evil. If a superintendent Is so lack
ing In humane regard for the physical and
mental welfare of children as to let a
cruel tradition continue beyond this late
day he ought to be brought to task.
• ? «
FASHION HINT FROM PARIS.
PRINTED FOULARD DRESS.
The dress represented Is of white ground
foulard with colored patterns; the bolero
and bands on the skirt are of different
pattern. The waistband is of white mus
lin, draped, and the pelerine of the same
foulard as the dress.
Dr. F. Thompson of Boston Is at the
E. W. McGlnnls, a merchant of Seattle,
is at the Lick.
Captain Tanera ot ths German army Is
at the Palace.
C. T. Tulloch, a contractor of Oakdale,
Is at the Lick.
Peter Musto. a merchant of Stockton,
is at the Grand.
Dr. Samuel Carlile of Newton, N. J., Is
at the California,
Dr. A. J. Powell and wife of Haywards
are at the California,
John D. Ludwlg. a mining man of Marl
posa, is at the Grand.
Paul J. Pitner. a mining man of Chi
cago, is at the California.
Samuel H. Westfall. an orange shipper
of Redlands, Is at the Palace.
P. J. Nolan and family of the City of
Mexico are at the Occidental.
R. J. Langford. Sheriff of Santa Clara
County. Is stopping at the Lick.
B. Mlhalovltch, a distiller and liquor
dealer of Cincinnati, accompanied by his
wife and daughter, registered at the Pal
Rev. Sebastian Dabovich has returned
from his tour of the Western States and
will officiate Sunday at the Greek-Rus
B. Kure, controller of the general sta
tistical bureau cf Japan, registered at
the Occidental yesterday. He comes to
this country to study the methods of cen
¦ ? •
CALITOR.NTANS IN NEW YOBK
NEW YORK, June S.-A. H. Hill of Oak
land is at the Waldorf: Rev. Dr. Vo<r
sanger of San Francisco is at the Plaia-
ART AND ARTISTS.
RS. MARY CURTIS RICHARD- j
//\//\ SON has returned from the East
I A\ V^ after a year's sojourn in some
" » of the principal cities. Mrs.
Richardson has been busily occupied dur
ing her stay with portrait commissions in
Uoston. Chicago. New York, Buffalo and
Philadelphia, so far has the fame of the
Californian portrait painter reached. On
the easel in Mrs. Richardson's studio is
a charming child portrait of Miss Betsu
Wheeler and a striking sketch of Profes
sor Slate of Berkeley, but the artist haa
not yet resumed work.
John Hatcn of Salt Lake City, now vis
iting San Francisco, has an interesting
exhibition in one ot the local galleries.
'I he most pretentious out perhaps least
worthy or distinctive of the five pictures
exhibited is "A Vale in thfe Rockies, an
Incredible, audacious effect. Truth it may
be, but one of those truths that are best
lett unpainted. The "Quaking Asps. a
shimmer of slender aspens against a finely
handled background of far hills, is a de
lightful subject, sympathetically treated.
It is full of movement and atmosphere
and pitched in a light, tine color key.
••L,ake Union," Seattle, a small Callfor
nUn sketch, and a "Fruit Piece" of orig
inal composition, complete the exhibition.
Mr. Hafen will stay In San Francisco a
few weeks and will make some Califor
Miss Clara McChesney has two pastels
en exhibition in the galleries— "The Young
Mother" and an "Old Woman and Child. '
The characteristic softness of the medium
Ifnds itself admirably to the fine tender
ness with which Miss McChesney has
handled her subjects, and the lighting and
composition in both are especially inter
esting. , ''
Eugene Cadanasso has returned from a
short stay at Santa Cruz with a number
of sketches Industriously gathered.
Mrs. Boecher's charming little portrait
of Miss Church is on exhibition in town.
Though not comparable in technique. In
pos<? and costumfng, the portrait Is rem
iniscent of Gregory and has also nice tone
and warm, rich color. The hands and
arm* seem perhaps slightly out of draw
ing — disproportionately small for the size
of the figure.
Grace Huds-on exhibits two new Indian
subjects, companion pictures— "To-Day,"
an old squaw hearing a load of wood, and
"Ytnterday," an Indian maiden among the
Carl Dahlgren exhibits in the same gal-
Wy a sunny woodland landscape, with
deer In the distance— a pleasant subject
Miss Ethel M. Wickes has an
"Irish Country Lane" on exhibition, an
Interesting little scene, placed perhaps too
hiRh on the canvas, too little sky and too
0 NEW BROOM flT WORK-
IIZJOLLOWING the exposure made by The Call
of the inefficient manner in which the Chinese
exclusion act has been enforced at this port by
the customs officials comes the action of the Govern
ment transferring the duty of examining Chinese and
passing upon their right to admission to the country
from the Collectors of Customs to the officers of the
Bureau of Immigration. Under the new rule the en
forcement of the restriction act in San Francisco will
be in the hands not of Collector Jackson, as here
tofore, but of Hart H. North, local Immigration
A familiar proverb declares: "A new broom sweeps
clean." We have therefore good reason for expecting
most if not all of the interferences with the enforce
ment of the law which were so conspicuous in the
Customs office will be swept away under the new man
agement. The work has been transferred to the
Bureau of Immigration avowedly in the interests of
reform. The manner in which the restriction act was
enforced, or not enforced, by Collectors of Customs
waj not satisfactory to any part of the country, and
the dissatisfaction was fully justified by the facts. It
is now to be seen how far the Immigration Commis
sioners will improve upon the work of their prede
cessors in authority, how far they will be able to
eradicate the old abuses of the act and enforce it with
firmness and impartiality.
The fight which The Call made for a stricter ex
clusion of Chinese immigration has thus borne good
fruit. Congress has taken steps to remedy the evils
which The Call pointed out. From the Commis
sioner of Immigration we look for such an enforce
ment of the exclusion law as will prevent that whole
sale admission of Chinese under the pretense of being
"native sons," which has been exposed by the inves
tigations made by The Call. In that expectation the
public will share, and there will be a widespread ap
proval of the action taken by Congress in making the
transfer of authority.
It must not be supposed, however, that all danger
will be overcome by the act of vesting the enforce
ment of the exclusion law in the hands of a new set
of officials. The temptations to corruption and to
neglect of duty remain as great and as potent as ever.
There is a large profit to be obtained by bringing
Chinese into the country, and the men who have en
joyed that profit in the past will not willingly sur
render it. It is a foregone conclusion that they will
at once set about devising some scheme for evading
the law under the new control as under the old. For
that reason the public vigilance must not be relaxed.
The people must be on guard as heretofore. The Call
will do its share in the future as in the past, and will
be prompt to expose any failure on the part of the
new authorities to maintain the law unimpaired in
all its force and scope. The -menace of Chinese in>
migration will never pass away so long as wages are
high an/1 prosperity prevails in the United States, and
here atW Golden Gate the watch must be kept with
unrelaxing vigilance and fidelity.
Perhaps if some of our local teachers who are
"spieling" for students for their schools were to try
to learn the political combination of the School Board
they might meet with better success in their efforts
to prevent decapitation.
Compulsory Gciucatton in tjhi's City
By Margaret McKenzie
(Principal Hancock Grammar School).
The Cell does not hold Itself responsible ior
the opinions published in this column, but
¦ presents them for whatever value they may
» have as communications of general Interest.
EDITOR The Call: Are there 53.35S
neglected children in California?
It certainly Is not Indifference of
parents that excludes from the San
Francisco public schools at least
5000 between the ages of five and six,
vastly more than one-twelfth of all be
tween 5 and 17. They should have th»
benefits of money drawn for them,- and
would if willing parents were consulted.
The avaricious parent is the exception.
The poor feel that an education is all they
can give their children, and deny them
selves to the point of pity to bestow on
the little ones what they themselves sadly
lack. The mother will rise before day
break to wash her little girl's only white
apron and dry It in the ironing to make
her child presentable at school. The con
trast in dress between that of toiling pa
rents and their children is at times pa
thetic in the extreme, the heart of the
teacher going out In helpless sympathy
to the poor rather, who labors too orten
with fruitless results and who finally
gives up dosing the unwilling youth of la
with the distasteful tasks of the school
room anil lets him shift for himself, as he
should, but who thereby adds to the so
called 53.35S street arabs.
Our course of study and its misinterpre
tation are factors largely concerned in all
this. The average parent thinks nine
years spent in completing the grammar
course too many, hence the frequent ef
forts to reduce the time to eight years.
non-essentials the needed relief canno
be found that way. for tMrt." and pupil
alike even now groan under the buraen
of multiplied subjects Even when .the
eighth grade was the highest the cours»
consumed nine years. The time in the re
ceiving class was not counted, yet most
children remained in that class one year
before entering the first grade.
At a recent grade meeting held to deter
mine where to unload one la^^Rested
that a branch in her work * btlng «as>.
the grade below might as well take it. and
so slide down all along the line. .,,_-_,
This elicited marked general disap
proval. Eliminations from the higher to
the lower would inevitably cause an in
creased number of the left-overs; and
thus, by making it harder and harder to
reach the top. causing parents and chil
dren both to become <V scou / a g e <l' 0 lnd i 1 :
rectlv augment the neglected 63.3oS, and
the p'roblem of the street arab would still
be unsolved. ,
However, putting ninth grade work into
a hisrh school e<mrse of four years would
be of great value. "What Is it to the child
who gives twelve years to study if he di
vide it into eight years plus four years
Instead of nine years plus three years?
Nothing: but a deal to him who can give
only eight years. Paradox though it may
seem, eight-twelfths will prove a larger
number than nine-twelfths. Pupils of lo
in a sixth or seventh grade look forward
with dread to a graduation at 17 or IS
v<»ir<« of asre iney rean*c m<»i. «.».v.jr —.
eeuinr too "big" to be In a grammar
b Ou? %ftlm in arithmetic hurries chil
dren out of school. -TTJ-e £«"««• ««£
to the greatest number" does not *««£}
to be our motto. There Is °tUeT study
as powerful in acquiring all others as
reading; yet not a teacher in our depart
ment will not confess that she has sacri
ficed this universally needed branch to the
demands of the senseless drills . n »or
eign exchange." In "carpeting:. plaster
ing walls." 7> digging trenches, etc.. that
every boy and girl may know how to do
at the expense of acquiring ability to rea.l
in an Intelligent way the simplest thing
placed before a class. How many apply
in dally life what they acquire at this sac
rifice? Not many of the teachers them
selvps make uso of much of what they
When the children and their parents find
that their erfrls are not to engage In Plas
tering walls or that the boys are not ail
going into the carpet business, is it any
wonder that millinery or dressmaking has
attraction? for the girl or that selling pa
pers on the street corners seems more
honorable to the boy than letting hia
poor mother slave for nlm while he is try-
Ing to figure out the cubic yards soms
other boy may have to remove some day
or other when he is a man?
Is It the neglectful parent who Is re
sponsible that so many under 17 find that
the benefits gained in the schoolroom ars
less attractive than the inducements out
San Francisco, June 7, 1M0.
COLOXEL BRYAN'S reliance for a nomination
is upon the solid South. His only hope of an
election is in the certainty of the Southern
electoral vote and the expectation to join New York
thereto, by the help of Tammany.
Now the remarkable feature in this, situation is that
neither Tammany nor the South believes in anything
that Colonel Bryan advocates. Those who have in
vestigated the subject in the last three months have
been startled by the discovery that the South is nearly
unanimous for expansion. 'for holding the Philippines
and hunting around for more to hold in that neigh
borhood, if we can n"r.d it.
A prominent supporter of Bryan, from the South,
recently declared in New York that if Bryan were
elected the Philippines would not be alienated. He
Said we would hold them and get all we could out of
them, to do so being essential to the prosperity of
the South, and as for the Filipinos they had "'no rights
that we are bound to respect." A careful inquiry,
from North Carolina to the Gulf, discloses the aston
ishing fact that 75 per cent of the men in the South
m!io arc under forty years of age favor holding the
Philippines. Another astounding disclosure from the
South is that the people have quit on free silver.
Their industries are in fuH blast, money is plentiful and
can be borrowed at a lower interest than at any time
since the war. They do not feel that any free silver
experiment is necessary to inflate the currency, for
it is already plentiful and its use is cheap. This leaves
only the trust issue unbroken in the campaign quiver
of arrows carried by Colonel Bryan, and that is far
less talked about in 'he South than in the North. It
is in third place, anyway, among Colonel Bryan's
campaign material, silver and expansion ranking it.
Here, then, we have the singular spectacle of the
South solidly combined to nominate for the Presi
dency a man whose principles they reject and repu
diate." They do not scruple to say that if Colonel
Bryan is elected the strength of the Democratic party
in Congress, will come from the South, and they do
not propose to drop a profitable cotton market as the
Philippines promise to be, nor do they propose any
ft olish experiment in finance to disturb — and perhaps
destroy — conditions under which the South is pros
An election of Colonel Bryan under these circum
stances will not mean anything. It will settle nothing.
It will leave the financial question where it is, in such
advance toward adjustment as it has made by the
legislation of this year. It will not mean any change
in the Philippine situition. In fine, it will not mean :i
tiling which the promoters of Colonel Bryan now pre
tend it will mean.
Feeling as it docs, the South should vote for Mc-
Kinlcy. but it will not. That section is quite willing
that the Republican party shall pull its chestnuts out
of the fire, shall open a market to i f<; cotton, protect
its sugar, rice and tobacco, but it is not willing to
reciprocate. The Southern Democracy is simply
anxious to add to the profits of trade due to Repub
lican policy the profits of power by putting the Re
publican party in a minority. When Morgan of Ala
bama found his seat in the Senate in peril in the whirl
wind campaign that Governor Johnson was making
against him he simply declared himself an expan
sionist and not in favor of free silver, and in the pri
maries beat Johnson two to one. As it is in Ala-
Lama, so it i> throughout the South, and yet Colonel
Bryan has galled his mouth denouncing the expansion
wickedness of Republicans!
In Tennessee the most popular Democratic candi
date for Senator h making his stump campaign for
holding the Philippines, and defies any one to show
how they can be constitutionally dropped. He says
to let them po will require an amendment to the con
stitution. He does not seem to have reflected that
that will mean a constitutional amendment to author
ize the dissolution of the Union.
States secures equal trading rights in all spheres of
influence an end will be put to that particular line of
European policy in the Far East. That is exactly the
object for which all intelligent and patriotic Chinese
have striven, but the end has arrived before it was ex
pected." ' : / ,
It is thus evident that a great strain will be put upon
the State Department by the present crisis. Should
the antagonism now burning so fiercely between the
Japanese and the Russians find vent in war over any
of the issues the Boxer insurrection is likely to give
rise to, the task of guarding our interests in China
without taking part in the war will require the high
est statesmanship. It i?. therefore fortunate that at
this time we have an administration in whom the peo
ple can safely trust. We will protect our own trade,
but we will not pull chestnuts out of the fire for
either Great Britain or Japan.
<£irc -fe&ms£*s gfolL_
SATUR DAY. ...-.' JUNE 9. i9<»
JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor.
Md-en M Ccm-nunica iontto Wj 3. LEAKS. Manager
BIA>At;i:n*S OFFICE: Telephone PreK* 20*
J'i;iJ.RA'UO.\ OFFICE. ..Mnr!i«-« «««1 TUIrd. S. F. j
• Tflrphonf rrcm ZO1.
EDITOKIAL ItOOMS 2t7 to IIZI Stevcnton St.
T^Icplione Preaa U02.
Dcllrrrrd hy Carrlrro. IS Out* Per We*k.
M^ul«- Coplrn. S Crnt«.
T«tki« b> .Mall. lpclo«Hnc Pomtaarei
DAILY CAUL (inri-Mnt Snr.Aty). on* y»ar ** •*>
DAILY CALX, t'.nclvf.r.c f?un<Ur>. « tronths •-'j
DAILY OLL i!nc!u.!!n<r Eur.dsy). J mcatha '•">
DAILT CALI^-Jiv Kingle Month ~r ¦
WXliAT CAM, t>r.< Y»-ar ? £' .
WEHKLT CALL One T»ar utw !
All iioitmttKeri are authorised to receive
¦ ol»«erlptlon«. I
Bairple c- i !<-* will ba forwarded when requcated-
OAIiLAMJ OFFICE HIS Broadway
C GEORGE KRO3NES3.
Mer.a^er Fcreijji Arwertivno;. V^rqj-tte Bunding. Chicago.
<Lrcn« Distance T»r^cn« -Central 2C19.">
KKW YORK CORRESPONDENT:
C C. CARLTON Herald Squara ,
ICEW TOHK KEPRESESTATIVE:
STEPHEN B. SMITH 3D Tribune Bui'ding j
OIICAGO NFTVTS STANDS:
E».«rrr»n House: V. O. >»>¦»•» Co.; Or»»t Ncrthern Hotel:
Fpexcr.t !ku»; Auditorium Hotel.
Ni;%V TOHK NEVTS STANDS:
Wtldorf-Aruru Hotel; A. BresUno, 21 Union Square;
Murray IUa Ji.tei.
WASHINGTON 3. C> OFFICE Wellington Hotel
MORTON t. CRANE. Corespondent.
BKAVCH OPVI CKJ* M -"ntrotne-T. ccrner of Clar. "pen j
trr.t!'. T-W o'clock. 3t>0 II»ye«. cpen until 9:S0 o'clock. €23 i
V«-AUlrter. o^'n ur.til J:» o'clock. €:i I^arkin. oper. until ;
• :*) o'clock. ISO Hasten, oper. until 10 o'clock. 1261 Market. |
comer E!xt*»::th. open estfl s o'clock. l f 'M Valencia, open
BntU » o'c'.'fk. 1T6 HWenth. *-p»a ontll S o'clorlc. N\V ccr
t!»r TtigUtf-a'COd pril K«-ii!ii--kv. r.i-rn until 9 o'clock.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY; JUNE 9, 1900
The School Journal.
Can It be true that there are still some
people in positions of authority in matters
concerning the schools who have the cour
age to hold on to the antediluvian exam
inations as a test of promotion? What
would be thought of a prosecuting attor
ney who should ask In sober earnest, "Is
it your Honor's pleasure that we place the
witness on the rack, or shall we begin
with the thumbscrews?" And yet in the
educational field no one seems surprised
at running up against a person wearing
the same queued w jg that his prototype
of 290 years ago used to be proud of being
asked by a self-contented relic of this
kind" whether there really, are . teachers
who get along 'without either rawhide or
ferrule. Nothing short of legal measures
will ever make these people see that the
purpose of the school is other than to
coach pupils to pass examinations. Let
parents whose children are submitted to
the nerve-exhausting strain of that old-
It is reported that many Chinese and Japanese are
leaving us without giving us an intimation of their
destination. It would be an affair for the greatest
congratulation to San Francisco if a great many more
Asiatics would do the same thing.
Authorized to Administer Oaths.
W J Coey Jr.. Registry Clerk In »the
Custom-house, has been authorized to ad-
minister oaths and sign papers the same
as a Deputy Collector.
¦ • •
Fine butter log at Townsend's.
Delicious alacuma at Townsend'a. •
New peanut crisps at Townsend's. •
Now ready. July styles* Standard pat-
terns. Domestic office. 10a Market sL •
Townsend's Cal. glaced fruits. 50c a
lb In fire etched boxes or Jap baskets.
633 Market street. Palace Hotel. •
Special information supplied daily f>
business houses and public men by ths
Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's). 510 Mont-
gomery street. Telephone Main 1042. "
¦ ?' «
A few nicely framed pictures will chanjro
the appearance of any room and the
transformation need net be an expensive
one. either. You will he surprised to sre
how reasonable we are making good
frames and artistic, too. Sanborn, Vail
& Co., 741 Market street. •
The fashion of "snowballs" has taken
root in the Paris drawing-room. It 13
purely commercial. At many of the shopa
a leader of "snowballs" is entitled to a
100-franc silk skirt for 23 francs, provtded
she finds three others who will also start
a "snowball" at her Instigation.— London
¦ m »
Dr. Siegert's Anpostura Bitters, tha world re-
nowned South American appetizer and la rigor- :
ator, cures dyspepsia, diarrhoea, fever ui afv«,
tmRMmi 1 i> dnniii MiiiaiMMi'iiMiil* 1 ¦ MiiHiii'i'i 1 ¦lulu ¦jmuti ntti-
On h^um— Vi.uJf vilte.
Columbia- -"When W* Wf-rf Tw<>ntr-one."
€-alir«->rr.ia~ "A Rag Haby."
TUoii— 'Th<> Tr.ir<* "JuanJ^men."
Olympic, eoronr Mason arA E<My street*— fr^cialtips.
?rat**. Zoo and Theater — Vaudeville «very ¦ftemoon and
F:srhrr>— "AiJii" ar.i •"Mi£n'>n.'"
llecreatlca Park— Baseball.
Sutro little— "lion nicht?.
By Pulltvan & Doyl*— Monday, Jun» 11. at 11 o'clock. Horn^s,
at rt.rner Twelfth «rii Harrifun rtrwts.