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According to Information given by a gentleman of this city long resident In and very familiar with the topography
of China, it is one of the most Inaccessible. places in the whole country from the sea coast. . Ichang, on the Yangtse, some
250 miles above Hankow, is the nearest point of • approach by navigable water, but the great Kianlong Mountain barrier,
with tho STnling Range, 'stands In the way. The sole pass over the latter has an altitude of • 4100- feet, while there Is none
over the former except far to the east or, west. The great highway between Western and Eastern China passes through
Singan-fu, following the Wel-ho, through the famous Tung-kwan gate to. the Hoangho at the southwestern point of the "great
bend," and there diverging one route goes across Shansi and Chill to Peking, and the other along the valley of the Hoang
ho to Honan, Kaifong and the coast cities.
On account of its peculiar situation and the fertile country around It Singran has for thousands of years been a com
mercial city of the first class. Its population is variously estimated at from 750.000 to 1,500,000 souls. Each of its square
walls, facing- the cardinal points of the compass, is over six miles -long, and is pierced' in the center by a monumental
gate with lofty pavilions. . . ,
Singan-fu, or Slan-fu, Is identified as the Chan-gran of Marco Polo, and ia probably the Thlnal of Ptolemy. It wa3
founded in the twelfth century, B. C, and was for over 2000 years the capital of Eastern China (1122, B. C, to 1250.A. D.)
Under the Tsin dynasty It was the capital of the Middle Kingdom from 906 to 12S0. A. ,D. The province of Shensi. of
which it is the capital, has an area of 67,000 square niiles, and a population of about 12,000,000. With the capital estab
lished at Singan. years may elapse before the Chinese Government is brought to terms, or the unfortunate Europeans
and Americans who have been sent there set free.
¥ ONDON, June 27.— The latest Shanghai report says Prince Tuan
JL,^ (the head of the Chinese Foreign Office and father of tbe \)eir
apparent) has sent tbe legationers to Sian-Fu under escort, and
adds that SiaQ-pu will be the new capital in the event of Peking being
occupied by tbe international forces. f
From Shanghai Comes a Report
That Legationers Have Been
Sent From Peking to a Chinese
" St. Helena," Five Hundred Miles
jr rom tne oa.pi tsii..
EUROPEANS BEPORTED SAPE.
LONDON, June 27.— The British Consul
at :Amoy telegraphs this morning that the
Europeans at* Peking are reported to be
safe.,---. ¦•; - - .-...-.;...- ¦; ... -.
LONDON, . June 27.— A dispatch from
Tientsin dated yesterday says that the
Protestant mission at •. Weihsien was
burned down by rebels Monday night last.
BUBNED-DOWN BY BEBELS.
LONDON. June 27.— A special dispatch
from Chefu says: "The fight of the allied
forces against the combined Boxers and
the Chinese soldiery barring the road to
Tientsin opened at daybreak. ' One hun
dred and fifty Americans were among the
2000 International troops. The Chinese
broke under heavy shelling and then the
arsenal was. attacked and the guns were
gradually siienced- The fight was prac
tically; over at noon.' .
"The keen friendly rivalry for the honor
of first } enterlng^the city resulted in the
Americans and going In neck and
neck, with the others close up."
AMERICANS AND BRITONS
THE FIRST TO RUSH IN
NASHVILL.E. Term., June 27.— Military
circles were stirred up In Nashville to
night over a telegram received by Adju
tant General Lamb of the State Guard
from General Corbin, asking for an Imme
diate report as to the strength of the
Tennessee militia, . regularly \ organized
and equipped. General Lamb replied that
Tennessee had twenty-three infantry com
panies, eighty men each, eleven of which
are now in . the Fifth Regiment, nine in
the Sixth and three, unattached; also one
troop of cavalry unattached.
Among militia officers who .know of the
telegram It has * caused ¦a ; great deal ¦ of
war talk, as the men believe the Inventory
of fighting men in. various States is being
taken, much ths same as was done before
the declaration of war with ' Spain. .. ; .
INVENTORY OF FIGHTING
MEN IS BEING TAKEN
chwang for Peking, has reached Its des
tination. The possibility that the Rus
sians may be in the capital will make
Great Britain and Japan anxious to get
their troops there, and it is the expecta
tion that no time will be lost by the
allies in taking up the march to Peking.
Receives a Gable Message From
Peking Dated June 19 Telling
of the Departure From the
Chinese Capital of Foreign
Diplomats Under Guard.
WASHINGTON, June 27.— The Chinese Minister called thia morning on
the Secretary of State and communicated to him the contents of a
dispatch which he had received from the Tsung-11 Tamen at Peking,
dated on the 19th inst. The dispatch states that the foreign Ministers
had before this data asked permission for the legayen guards to enter
the city, which permission had been granted: that they subsequently asked that
these guards be reinforced, which the Chinese Government was not disposed to
permit. The dispatch then goes on to state that the Consul General at Tientsin—
supposed to be the French Consul General— had telegraphed, to the Viceroy of
Chill that the foreign admiral had demanded the surrender of the Taku forts
and that the foreign Ministers were shortly to leave Peking for Tientsin with,
The developments of to-day respecting China were Important and Interesting.
Tho Chinese Minister's report of the departure of the foreign Ministers and their
guards from Peking greatly relieved the officials here, who took it as the first
tangible evidence that the Imperial Chinese Government had a full realization
of the enormity of permitting the Ministers to come to personal harm and were,
thus undertaking as far as lay in their power to observe the amenities of Inter
The keenest interest is shown by the officials to learn the conditions under
which tho Ministers left Peking. Minister Wu's dispatch was ominously silent
on that point, and though the Minister himself maintains almost obstinately
his confidence in the non-existenco of , a state of war. It is generally admitted,
that It will be difficult to accept his conclusion if it shall transpire that the Pe
king Government itself has sent the Ministers away with their passports*-or what
may come to the same thing, with a guard as safe conduct. At the State Depart
ment it is said that should it be explained that the Imperial Government did this
not with a purpose of rupturing diplomatic relations but simply to Insure tho
safety of the Ministers, which they were unable to guarantee as long as they
remained In Peking, then there Is still ground for an understanding.
It is. however, pointed out that in such case the self-confessed Inability of
the Imperial Government to maintain peace and order - at the- capital would
amount to an admission of its utter failure as a Government and would leave
China in a state worse than that of actual war. In either event it row appears
to the satisfaction of the officials that there was absolute Justification for such
Intervention as we have offered In China.
Notice has come to the Government that the cable companies have again re
opened communication telegraphically with Taku and Chefu. This arrangement
has been made by means of the Russian telegraphic system connecting with th»
Siberian Railroad system. A European agent has managed to reopen the lines,
though the means of communication between Chefu and Taku and Tientsin are
tortuous and probably precarious.
The War Department officials still Insist that no orders have gone forth to
send more troops to China than the Ninth Regiment now on Its way from Ma
nila aa<s the Sixth Cavalry, which will sail from San Francisco next Sunday for
Nagasaki and perhaps Taku. It is said that with these two organizations and
the marines now on Chinese soil General Chaffee will have the fu!l brigade to
which his rank entitles him.
Rumors, of withdrawals -of troops from Cuba are said to be the probable basis
for the persistent statements that more soldiers have been ordered to China.
It is /admitted that, two regiments will soon be ordered to China. It is ad
mitted that two regiments will soon be ordered to the United States from Cuba,
the particular organizations being designated by General Wood, but they sim
ply will take the place in home garrisons of regulars which will go out to
Manila to relieve volunteer organizations there.
Major Simpson, chief of the bureau of Information of the War Department,
is engaged in the preparation of a map of China which will show with as great
particularity as possible that part of the empire in which the present trouble
is. being experienced. Immense difficulties are being 1 encountered In obtaining
accurate information with respect not only to the topojrraphy of the country, but
also as to : the telegraph and railway lines. Detailed and up-to-date informa
tion is scarcely to.be had, but In a short time a reasonably accurate map of the
country will be ready for the use of the . department officials and the troops
which may find China a field of operations.
Officials in the State and War departments to-day were Interested in the dis
patch received by Minister Wu from Peking, not only because of its contents,
but. especially because of the route by whiCjh it was transmitted. Wu said it
reached him from Peking by. way of Sinanfu. • Slnan is the capital of the pro
vince of Shantung, southeast of Peking and northwest of Shanghai. Tha
word "fu," following the name of a city, indicates that it is the capital of a
province. The city is near the Hoarigho, one of the two great rivers of China.
Telegraphic communication between Peking and Slnan (or Tsinan. as it is show a
on the German maps) is almost direct; thence to Shanghai, the nearest cable
Btatlon; the route la roundabout. That Minister Wu's dispatch came from
Shanghai 13 almost certain, aa according to the best maps in the possession of
the department there are no cable stations north of Shanghai on the Chinese
coast. , .
STORIES OF SLAUGHTER
AND PILLAGE AT PEKING
VANCOUVER. B. C. June 27.— Accord-
Ing to Shanghai papers received by the
steamer Empress of China to-day the first
legation guards to enter Peking was tho
American contingent from the U. S. S.
Dippatches to Yokohama from Peking
on June 13 state that the slaughter and
pillaging of the native converts was be-
Ins continued with increased violence. In
one station of the American Methodists
ten Christiana were killed, most of them
being women and children. A station of
the American Board Mission has been de
stroyed and every one tljere killed. A na-
tive adherent of the church of England
has also been killed, but the names of
none of these victims are yet to hand ex
cept that of Mme. Astler. Messrs. Os
sent and Cadu are reported as among the
foreign victims of the Boxers, without
stating their station locations.
Brigadier General Yang, who was am
•ushed and murdered by Boxers at Lal
shul. near Pao Ting Fu, while en route
to investigate a case of reported murder
of Christians, is to be cashiered in spite
of his death, the charge against him be
ing disobedience of orders in that he had
been ordered to "investigate" and not
come to blows with the mob.
FLOCKING PBOM THE INTERIOR.
HONGKONG, June 27.— Large numbers
of Chinese converts and missionaries are
arriving here from the Interior.
FOR SAN FRANCISCO
WASHINGTON, June 27.— General Chaf
fee. who has been ordered to command
the American troops in China, left Wash
ington at 10:40 o'clock to-day for San
Francisco, accompanied by Lieutenant
Harper, his aid. He is due at San Fran
cisco at 5 o'clock Sunday morning and
sails for Nagasaki on the transport Grant
with the Sixth Cavalry the same day.
It Is expected that the transport Grant
with General Chaffee on board will arrive
at Nagasaki about July. 23, which would
insure his arrival at Taku. by August 1.
General Chaffee has been in conference
with Major Simpson as to the' topography
of the country in which, according to
present expectations,' the foreign troops
will operate. AH the information in the
possession of the bureau has been placed
at his disposal.
Special Dispatch to The Call.
HT7BBYINO TO PEKING.
WASHINGTON, June 27.—Administra
tion officials . are now speculating on
whether .the column" of. 4000 Russians,
which was reported to have left Niu-
LO>nX»r, June 28, 3:2) a. m.— The composite brigade of 2300 men who raised
the investment of Tientsin and pushed on to help Admiral Seymour, has
probably savfnl him. but the news has not yet reached Chefu, the nearest
¦wire point- The last steamer arriving at Chefu from Taku brought this
message, dated Tientsin, Monday, June 25:
"The Russian general in command of the relief force had decided, in view of
Saturday's heavy flphtlng and marching, that one day's rest for the troops was
essential and that the advance should not be resumed until to-day. Meanwhile
came Admiral Seymour's heliograph that his position was desperate and that he
could onJy hold out two days. The relief started at dawn to-day (Monday)."
Saturday's fighting began at daybreak. The allipd forces opened with sev
eral of the Terrible's 4.7 naval guns, six field guns and numerous machine gruns.
the firing: beir.g at long range. They continued- to advance steadily, the Chinese
Artillery replying. The guns of the allies were more skillfully handled and put
the guns of the Chinese out of action, one by one, the Chinese retreating about
There was keen rivalry among the representatives of the various nations as
to which would enter Tientsin first and the Americans and British went in neck
and neck. Tho Russians stormed the arsenal, thereby sustaining the largest
Several thousand Japanese have left Taku for Tientsin and altogether 13,000
Japanese have landed. The international troops now aggregate nearly 20,000 and
Japan Is preparing to send 20.000 more. With British. American and other troops
ordered to go probably CO.OOO will be available in a montji.
The Tong Shan refugees and the foreign engineers at Chefu estimate tho
Chinese troops now In the field at 25.000 drilled troops at Lv Tai, 23,000 at Shan
Hal Wan, IS ,OOO driven off from Tientsin and 100,000 at Peking.
Th« dispatch received by the Foreign Office stating that the foreign lega
tions were requested to leave Peking within a specified time Is Interpreted in.
eoina unoOcial quarters as tantamount to giving the Ministers their passports
and to a declaration of war; but as China does nothing like other countries the
official opinion is that there is nothing to do but to await the course of events
and to see what the Ministers themselves say when they are rescued.
All the students at the foreign hospitals in Canton are leaving. Women
missionaries are returning from the West River ports. There was a slight dis
turbance at Wochou Tuesday while the women were embarking. The crowd
shouted. "Kill the foreign devils."
According to advices from Shanghai the Chinese officials, by direction of
the southern Viceroys, are asking the Consuls to agree to conditions "ensuring,"
as the Chinese say. "the neutrality of Shanghai and other coast cities."
They are also asking that foreign warships shall not sail or anchor near the
forts nor go to ports where there are no warships now; that their crews shall
not go ashore and that the protection cf foreigners be left to the Chinese
authorities. These conditions are considered at Shanghai to be virtually an ulti
matum from Viceroys Liv Kung Yih and Chang Chih Tung. The Consuls de-
Eire a sufficient naval and military force to back up their refusal to comply
with these demands. The total national force now there consists of 969 men
with thirty-two guns. The Chinese have COCO men with six guns in the forts
and 10.000 men outside Shanghai with modern rifles and machine guns.
The magnitude of the arrangements Japan Is making suggests provision
against contingencies other than the suppression of the present disturbances in
China. She has chartered nineteen additional transports and now has thirty-five
to aIL ?:?/?•¦>
The Latest News From Tientsin
Stated That the Relief Column
Started Monday—China's Act
in Asking Diplomats to Leave
Equal to Declaration of War.
TO AID SEYMOUR
The f oreigrn concession is shown on the left or west side of the picture and the Chinese town back on the right. . The
second large building from the left is the United States Consulate, where the Consul, Mr. Martin, has his office and resides with
his family. Chinkiang is the station of United States Consul Martin, who some days ago asked for the immediate presence of a war
vessel on account of the threatening attitude of the Chinese. Since then the situation' has become more acute and a British war
vessel has gone from Shanghai to the scene. . . ' .
Chinkiangis situated in the province of Kiang Su, on the south bank of the Yangtse-Kiang, at its junction with the
Grand canal. It is sixty-two miles below JTankin and one hundred and Afty from Shanghai, with "which it ia connected by a
network of natural and artificial waterways, and is bssidts the converging point of several-very important trade routes. In 1843
the English army on entering Chinkiang, after a victory, found it converted into a city of the dead, th.a inhabitants having
slaughtered their women and children* and thenmade way -with themselves "to" avoid the hated rule of the "red-headed barba
rians." In 1.853 the city was taken by the Taipings, and four years later recaptured by Gordon and the Imperialists, when the
inhabitants were massacred by order of the mandarins, sixty thousand being- put to the sword on the ground now occupied by
the foreign concession. Nothing remained except the ramparts -and a few ¦wretched survivors, crouching amid the ruins. The city
rapidly 'built up again and soon" numbered over two hundred and fifty thousand inhabitants. The river in front cf ths town is
several iKiles broad and over sixty feet deep, with a^ current qf eleven knots per, hour.- The high, island in. the river is Silver
Island and to its right is Golden Island. " "Within the city is a pagoda of cast iron, conjectured to be at least 1200 years old. •
CHINKIANG, ON THE YANGTSE RIVER, WHERE AN OUTBREAK IS IMMINENT, AND WHERE A BRITISH WAR VESSEL HAS GONE.
CHEFU, June 27, Via Shanghai, Noon. — Admiral Seymour's expedition has been relieved,, having failed to connect with Peking. There
is no news from Peking. Russian Colonel Schetelle, commanding the combined forces of 10,000 men, is supposed to be proceeding to Pe
king. Admiral Seymour's expedition is returning to Tientsin. His force has suffered greatly. It is estimated that from 40,000 to 60,000
Chinese troops are now before Peking. Boxers from all sections are swarming there.
ADMIRAL SEYMOUR'S BESIEGED
EXPEDITION HAS BEEN RESCUED
PRICE FI\HE CENTS.
VOLUME LXXXVIII-NO. 28.
SAN FRANCISCO, THURSDAY, JUNE 28, 1900.
If the foregoing statement be true It means long captivity for the members of the foreign legations and their families
lately at Peking, and Indicates the purpose cf the Chinese Government to make a long and hard fight befora yielding to the
comblned forces of the civilized -world. Slan-Fu,.orSingan-Fu, as It is more generally called. Is situated in the southern
part of the province of Shenal, 500 miles In a direct line southwest from Peking. It- lies on the north of the Slnllng iloun
taln*. near the confluence of. the Wel-ho and Klng-ho, about sixty miles west of •where the former empties Into the Hoang
ho at the "grreat bend." . ?..,..,. . . .
The San Francisco Call.