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J H Gardiner. R Vista
W H Smith & w. Co
A C E?an. Oregon
A F John & w. Cal
H H Blood. Bkrsfleld
XV XV Thomas & faro.
7. T Davis. Portland
F H Sewell. 8 Rosa
Mn T Halgh. S P.osa
J M McOee. Oroville
V T Earnshields, Cal
T B Bond. Lakeport •
A H Sugg't. Marysv
D K Paun lera. N Y
E M Porter. N'apa
M L Prltchard. Sacto
H Wood. Denver
R Shertzinger ft w,
A M Thompson. Tacom
n II Russell. B C
C M G Peterson. Cal
B F Thomas. S Rarbar
J Water*, Watsonvtllej
MIm M B Wllchan. 1
Miss A Hlefner, Wat-'
O S Parnent. Cal j
J B Treadwell. Srr I
D J Robinson. ChScam
Mlsa C McFarland. LA,
Miss B Lel&nd. Miss
R B Leland, Miss
T Smalley. Cal
P A Bradiaa*. L A
J "W Taggart. 9 Bub«
J R Armory. N T
C J ReiJey. Washington
G J Owens. C»l
E A Doyly. Cal
S B Buzxa. S&n Jom
L H Freldman <fe w.
A Griffin. Fresno
Dora Beal. Ouatetna!*
H R McXoble. Stkta
W n Winters. Butte
W ft Benjamin. Mjutts
W R Renken & w. La
W F Parker & w, L A
Mrs J E McMullan. U.
W n Lowell. t> C
I> M Hansen. VaUein
B E Williams, Ukiah
H Isaacs. Los Angrel«a
T E Garner A w,
L Booth. Cal
W 1, Coulter. Pm&So
P rtelss. St Louis F B Moors. MaryrrUU
O R Bent. S Jose T D Kr«.wl«y. Wua
O W Smith. N Mex C A William!* N T
V Spanker Jr. Mich D L Dyaa St Louis
W K Doty. Chlcaco W Mlntaer. Cal
Mrs Pcty. Chicago Miss Davenport. Seattl
O H Taylor. London J J Sanderson. B C
n Campbell. M J Mlsa Sanderson. B O
Capt Revtlle. V S N W B Homrt. Jerota*
Dr Lindsay. St Lftka Mrs Paulln. Oakland
O Va!!anc«. Canada H Weln»tock. Bacto
Mrs Vallance. Canada T K Mardua Mjuzatlaa
XV II Hile. Phil* II II Stout. "U 3 A
D D IWcbtel. Japan Mrs Stout. IT S A
.1 Calway. Japan Ed Barry. If T
It h Packard. Bakrfld A C Knowles, USA'
(.• V Aaron. Maryvvtlte P H Tissel. Mcrcad
C J Covllland. Marvll*
NEW WESTERS HOTEU
J McNeil, willows A Brobery, D«nv«r
Pr Xorthnip. S Diego T Hobb*. Victoria
T Russell. Vallejo T Stewart & w. Seattli
D R Kin*. Pa E T Slater. 8tocktoa
J Mulroy. S Jose J Ronn*n. Baltimore
J J Thompson. FVeaoo C Bell A w. Woodl*a4
O B Hmnson, Sacto Mn I» Vow, t, Aa«^
O Tutin*. Crockett R J Preble. 1, Aom
J Rasmussen & w. Setl J
SALINAS. July 1.— A meteor passed over this
place last nlsht at 10:23 o'clock. It moved in
a northerly direction across the eastern hori
zon and was visible for fully two minutes.
Mrs. Dora Elliott Says That Office?
Ring Appeared to Bo
Mrs. Dora Elliott, a middle-aged widow
residing at 11% Dlkeman place, was ar
rested by Patrolman Edward Rlnjr last
night and booked on a charge of solicit
ing. Mrs. Elliott is a respectable woman
and the mother of two gTown sons and
the circumstances surrounding her arrest
are so peculiar that the Police Commis
sioners may be called on to Investigate
Mrs. Elliott saya she was on her way
home when accosted by Officer Ring, who
roughly demanded to know what she was
doing out at that time of night. Tho re
ply not being to his liking he placed her
under arrest. Mrs. Elliott saya that
Ring's breath smelled strongly of liquor
and that he was unsteady on his feet.
Harry Nightingale of 618 Geary street and,
Peter Zack. who witnessed the arrest,
offer to testify on behalf of the woman.
Mrs. Elliott was at once released on ball.
PLACED UNDER ARREST
Shields • 1 •
0 • W
1 1 2 1 1 *-5
i,', • 0 2 2
Coleman 2 2 10 1 1—5
1 1 • 0 1 »-3
00212 1— »
• 1 2 0 1. 0—3
1 0 1 1 .1 1—5
„ , . 110 0 2 1—4
Halght 2 2 2 2* 2—5
2 0 12ft 2—4
0 2 112 1—3
2 2 2 2 2 2-6 !
Donohue 0 2 1 2 2 1— S !
0 110 0 1—3
„,„, 0 10 0 0 0—1
Williamson 112 0
2 2 112 1— «
2 2 1*2 2—5
T\asner 2 12 2 1 0—5
1110 1 0—4
2 2 0 2 2 2—5
Wagner (B. S.) 11221112112 2—12
Fay 12 2 0 2 2—5
2 1 1 1 2 1— «
2 2 0 2 2 2—5
12 2 2*1-5
Golcher 2 2 2 • 1 1—1
Feudner and Shields contested for the
Olympic Gun Club live bird Individual
Twenty-three birds at thirty yards—
Twenty- three birds at twenty-eight yards—
Shoot-off, miss and out:
Phlelds 110-1111J22112210101121 — 21
Feudner 2 12 2 12 2 2—8
Shields : 2 2 1112 2 0—7
Pete Walsh and C. C. Nauman have
agreed to contest in a 100-bird match with
in ten days.
Nauman defeated Clarence Haight last
week in a similar match and WaJsh has
made an enviable reputation for himself
as a shooter. He holds the Fay Diamond
Medal for this year.
Union Gun Club: Club shoot— Drieschirian 13.
Trask 17, Ja\-ette Jr. 9. Herring IS. Davis 13.
Olsen 17. Wollam 12, Lajid 14. Beckerstaff 13.
Rickey 15. KerrlKan 9. Slade 19. <-'. T. Mitchell
24, George Thomas 10. C. W. Debenhaur 20.
Wolpert 19. Bellof 9. Hoyt 19. Oruenholz 10.
O. Bellof 1«. Clawson 16. Preece 17. Debenhaur
11. Ringle 19, Thomas 17» Iverson 19. F. Feud
ner 23, Taylor 20, Hess 17, A. Dricschman 14,
IT. M. C. 18, Welsh 19. Klevesahl IS, Lewis 14,
Mlchelson 15, Briircs 1?. Glldden 15.
Handicap medal shoot— Taylor 19, U. M. C.
23. F. Feudner 22. Herring 15, Davis 13. Iver
5on 22, Thomas 20. Javette Jr. 14. 'Wolpert 17.
Trask 21. Lewis 9. Rickey 1*. Ladd IS, Ml
chflson 17. Mitchell 19. Hoyt 13.
In the shoot-off U. M. C. beat Iverson 10 to
5. Wolpert beat Michelson for second medal.
The California Cycling clubs of San
Francisco are coming, also several yachts
and the Neptune Hose Company of Val
lejo. Napa's lire department will turn
out in splendor and the nation's birthday
will be grandly observed in Napa.
As a feature Gardner will have a young
ladies' horse brigade act on his staff.
It will be composed of twelve of Napa's
fairest daughters. Ladies are also taking
much interest in affairs, many promising
to appear with decorated carriages, for
which liberal prizes are offered.
YOUNG LADIES WHO WILL AID IN THE BIG DEMONSTRATION.
cursion trains run from all points.
J. fc?. Taylor will be president of the day.
Miss Mabel Richardson of Vnllejo will he
the reader of the Declaration of Inde
pendence, and Miss Nellie Trowbrldge will
sing the "Star-Spanpled Banner'" at the
literary exercises that will be held after
the parade is over.
George Gardner, grand marshal, has,
with the assistance of the general com
mittee of arrangements, put forth every
effort to make the street parade one of the
finest pageants ever witnessed in Napa.
NAPA, Cal.i July 1.— Everything is
in readiness here for the celebra
tion of Independence day next
Wednesday. It will surpass all
former efforts in this direction
made by public spirited citizens, who have
subscribed $1000 to the fund for making
tho demonstration the grandest in the his
tory of Napa. Tliore will be dancing in
the pavilion at East Napa Park and ex-
Special Dispatch to The Call
monthly m^dal shoot yesterday at Shell
Mound Park with the following results:
First champion, C. Weggenman, 404; sec
ond champion, O. Dammer, 3S6. First
class, John Bender, 375: pecond class,
Louis Laubschu, 3C5; third class, Charles
>ieyer, 315; fourth class, John Lundquest,
2Sff. First best shot. Louis Laubschu, 23;
last best shot, O. Dammer, 21. Most cen
ters, C. Meyer. 2.
CLUB'S MEDAL SHOOT
P. Schuster 222*07, F. K. Mason 216-213.
S*crrd champion clas=s— 1>. B. Faktor SM-tOS.
Otto Krem»r Captain F. A. Kuhls 209-
DC3. T. J. Carroll 1?T. A. Hahwylcr i:-3-l50. \V.
FirM rUff-r. M. Henderson HM-TOt. II.
Second claoc— C. F. Wald^n 21?-1!'6. Captain
F. Attinser 214-242. A. Gehret 213-210. U. Stet
tin lQt-170, <:. Tnmmeyer 2i3-l»7. A. Jungblut
1W-1S7. A. llampel 1K6-U>. A. Breuc-s 137.
Third claF?— <:. H. Fncehorn tOS-169, F. A.
Ser-.rurrrr IVS-171 F. C. Waller 1S3-167. K. San
ger 17\ F. C Harerup 179-13?.
Fourth clans— \V. Nolden Dr. N. H.
The medal shoot in the Schuetzen Sec
tion Verein Elntracht resulted in the fol
Champion clasp— Captain F. Kuhl*, 419. First
rlaes— A. Stroh, 551. Second class— C. F. Oner,
257. Third class— O. It. Ludwig, 341. First
leyt i-hnt— R. Stettin, 24. Lust best shot— C.
The Marin Club members made some
good scores In their section. They are
C. Walden S?2. J. S. Kaneen 3*1. S. C. Ka
neen SM. F. Reid K6, E. B. Martlnelli 226. F.
Gr»rl 87, Frey 2f£.
The first-class medal was won by Wal
den and the second-class medal by S. C.
Scores Made at the Monthly Contests
Held Yesterday Across the
The regular monthly modal shoot of the
California Schuetzcn Club held at Schuet
zen Park, near San Rafael, yesterday re
sulted in the following scores by the
Flr*t fliamrli-n c1bj>s— A. Streeker :SS-C12. F.
in* taxidermist, and she will then take
her j>!ace in the museum of the Ohutos'
<i*»ad j>rts. The Etar attraction on the bill
this week is t!)" Wilson family. apsi*ted
by Miss Stella Wiley. These people have
lost none of their old-time cleverness, in
fart th<> little Wilsons have, through
•f tudy. adOed further charm to their pretty
acting. Two Australian emus are also
am"P.K the interesting of the new features.
An unusually large crowd enjoyed the
fwimminp contests at Sutro baths yester
day afternoon. Iiesults were as follows:
l."»-ver3 fiash— G. Anderson wen, r. Sunburg
rrdertratpr r wirnniir.K— F. Gruer.en won. C.
Diving tor |4ate»— C. Aucurtut ¦won. F. Gru
tnfn F*cond, J. llrtflnK third.
K«) yard*, amateurs— F. Ralston won, P. Rid
Springboard tfjvinc— R. Duke wen, W. Carrol
Hlph t'.rir.g-C. Sur.trurs wen, W. Wallace
The cold and otherwise unpleasant
weather reduced the crowds at all the
pleasure places early in the day. About
'j00 peopie pasted through the gates of
the Chutes. The remains of the late la
mt-r.tcd Johanna Frisco lay In state in the
little drcfsirg-room she occupied in a
v.-ir.g of the "Darwinian Temple," and
hundreds cf her old friends came to pay
their respects to the dead. In a few days
Johanna's rf Tiains will be handed over to
A crass fire rear Strawberry Hill kept
n larpc crowd warm at the park yester
day aficrnoun. The fire br<;ke out early
in the dny. and. although it ate its way
over a :arc? tract of land, it did no ma
Unpleasant Weather Made Pleasure-
Seeking a Labor — Fun at Chutes
GRASS FIRE AT PARK
KEPT THE CROWD WARM
GUNMEN PUT IN A
DAY AT THE TRAPS
Nauman and Walsh. Agree to Contest
in a One-Hundred Bird
Both grounds of the San Francisco
Trap Shooting Association were occupied
yesterday and considerable shooting was
The California Wing Shooting Club
brought off a handicap medal shoot and
several six and twelve bird pools at live
Union Gun Club members broke blue
rocks in the club Fhoot and contested in
a handicap medal event. Following were
California Wing Shooting Club: Twelve
bird races —
HalRht 21222122112 2—12
Donahue (B. S.) I»1Z2111221 1-11
Slade 0 12 111
Nauman 22221122112 0— 11
Halght 22212221222 2-12
Feudner 22222022202 2—10
WUItamson B1122122220 2—11
Shields 21110112112 l— 11
Slade 1 1 1 • • 1 1 1 2 2 2 1-lt
Wagnpr 22110122221 2—11
Golcher 22122122211 2—12
Donahue 2 1 12112211* 2—11
Six-bird race —
N'auman 2 1 2 2 2 2—6
112 2 11-6
2 2 2 11 2-6
2 12 2 2 2— «
2 2 2 11 2—6
2 2 10 2 2-5
Feudner • 2 2 2 2 2 2—6
2 2 2 2 2 2—6
2 2 0 2 2 2—3
• 2 • XV
Wa'.sh l l 1 l x l— r,
2 1111 t— 6
110 11 2-.1
12 111 1—6
Scores at Shell Mound.
The Deutsche Krelger Verein held its
The Wreck of the Seattle
Washed Ashore Near
An entry in the diary of June 8 tells of
the drowning of a party of four, one
woman and throe men. May 15 on the
Yukon ten miles below the mouth of
Forty-Mile. The some day the. diary re
lates that four othrrs were drowned from
a boat a few miles further down.
A diary found on Pavey gave informa
tion relative to the expedition, which left
Dawson May 14. On that date he and Mc-
I-'arron and Thomas McFaiiden left Daw
£on in a small doat. At Circle City Me-
Fadden refused to go further on account
of the treacherous state of the Yukon
ice. Pavey and McKarron. being unable
to handle the craft, abandoned it and
later took passage on the sloop Seattle,
which contained five passengers. The
names of two Adair and Wallace, are
mentioned in the diary.
Three other known occupants of the
sloop, all of whom are missing, were Neil
Adair and Frank Alger, both of Seattle,
and a man named J. McFarron. A Mr.
Wallace is suppos*»d to have been a fourth
member of the party.
The body of A. Pavey. one of the party
in the sloop, washed ashore twelve miles
below Bluff City, near the new Topkuk
diggings, and near It also the sloop.
SEATTLE, Wash.. July 1.— In the storm
off Bering Sea coast June *> the sloop
Seattle, with seven men. capsized, drown
ing, as is believed by the officers of the
steamer Aberdeen, which arrived to-day
from Nome, all of the occupants.
Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Rlcker. from Denver,
»rre pxinnr of the club. Mr. Rlrker represents
"Out of Door Life," and is a noted rifle shot.
22 and B rlflp medals. DO yards -Cap**"'- Fred
Kuhnle. 2f>. 22. 23. 2.". 27. ». B, 30; P. Becker
17. 33. 24. 34: Mrs Waltham. 30. 38; G. Man
nel, 26. 30. 32; I>r. Twlut, 32. 40; Mo>. Mannel.
SS. Record i>cores. 22 rifle— Mis* Weiss 61, 63;
E. A. Allen 19, P. Morrin 73. S2. S2.
Twist revolver medal. 50 yards — K. O. Youne
SI. e«; P. Hecker 67. 71: Dr. J. F. Twin 78.
S3. 91; revolver record*. Dr. 21. W. Hur.eaker
Pistol medals. 50 yards— F. O. Young 47. 50.
f"; G. Hoadley Li. d; pistol records— Mrs.
G. Mannel 49. G. M. Barley 63.
Slllltary match. 30— SO carbines. 200 yards,
Creedmoor count— Paul Becker 4S. 46. 43; G.
Hoadley 42. 43.
All comer*' rlfl> medalF. 200 j-ards — A. n
Parrell ;n, rs, 6<: F. O. Younjr, 57. €0; G. Man
nel. 74. 75. M: J. A. Rlcker, *3; rifle record-
E. A. Allen. ISO, 1S3.
Class me<1al!=. plFtoli". £0 yards — F. O. Toting
El. A. E. Uarrell 13. O. M. Darley 64: sharp
shooterB—a. Hoailley «9. J. F. Twist 70; marks
men-Pr. H. W. Hunsaker 67. Mrs. C. F. Wai
tham 7S. F. Hassir.ann K. K. A. Allen ES, Q.
Class m*dal«: rifle. 200 yards: Experts— A.
B. I?arrell 64. F. O. Young 65; marksmen—
F. B. Lake 114. Mrs. C. F. Waltham 127, G.
Hoadley 136. Dr. J. F. Twist 135, E. A. Allen
IS*. J. R. Trego 174.
The Columbia Pi.«=tol and Rifle Club had
a crowded range yesterday at Harbor
View, and a mighty rush of wind through
the Golden Gate kept the marksmen
guefFing where their shots would land.
Mrs. G. Mannel beat all previous records
with the jjintol by women, making 6-3-9-3-
Sl-4-5-4-3: 43, placing all in a four and
nine-tenths inch ring. Her pcore was
within two points of l«* best made during
i..e day. The scores follow:
Columbia Club Shooting.
SCOTCHMEN WILL CELEBRATE
THE FOURTH IN GRAND STYLE
YACHTS IN HALF A GALE
CRUISED IN UPPER BAY
Several of the Craft Dragged Anchor
and Drifted, but Were Over
Though no regular cruise was sched
uled for the San Francisco cr Corinthian
yachtsmen yesterday, about thirty yachts
cruised in the upper bay and came to
anchor !n Paradise Cove. The California*
had a cruise to this favorite spot on their
programme and several of the fleet fol
lowed Commodore E. N. Walter's flag-
Ehip Embla. The breeze was Ftronj? in the
channel, an-i also In Raccoon Straits and
the upper bay. and while the yachtsmen
were SFhnre, It freshened until it amount
ed to half a gale.
Several of the yachts dragged their
iaachnrs and drifted toward Red Rock,
but the yachtFrr.cn made after thorn in
their email boats find hoisted sail. Most
of the yacht* Fall«><i down from Paradise
Cove to Raccoon under Jib alone j
When they entered the Htraits double- 1
reefed mainsails wcro hoisted. The wind I
foon fell so light that the reefs were
rbaken out. Off Sausalito the wind was !
Ftror.g and puffy. Nearly the whole San j
Francisco fleet was und^r way during the
<!ay, Including Commodore W. X. Mc-
Carthy's schooner Ramnna and Vice-
Commodore II. R. Siropkh.s' yawl Tra
Mania enlisted with Company I, First
Wafhinjrton Volunteers, but was rejected
t: .San. Krureipco on account of physical
flirabmty. For three years the couple
have kept rompuny. but recently, it is
F?id. th< pirl was prevailed upon by her
fric-nds to jilt Martin. Since then he has
xs.ade threat* of violence.
: Martin came from Pondlcton last night,
arsd to-day h«* lay In wait for the girl until
fchfe appeared at the telephone office.
When fhe arrived at the offlc* Martin
met her nt the doer, when a few words
pa.kf-1-d between thfm, and instantly five
fholf. fir«-d In quick BUCcessJon, were
beard. The first shot missed its mark,
fcut-the nrxt two ?hot» took effect in the
kft V>rrast. causing instant death. The
two last phots were directed at himself.
Alartin is Mill alive and the bullets have
been rcmnvrd. but his chances of recov
ery arp vi ry ?iim.
WALLA WALLA. Wash.. July l.-i n a
JH cf jraloufy and because he eouli not
marry the £irl of his choice C. A. Martin
this afternoon shot and killed Miss Ixah
Colemah and then shot himself. The thoct
ir.p occurred in the Central telephone office.
Several people were near but could not
•Ftrp Martin before he had succeeded in
KILLED THE GIRL
WHO JILTED HIM
.PHATTLK. Wash.. July I.— The Indians
¦.<xmvtctc4 rf the murder of Mr. and Mrs.
Horton of Kugene. Or., at Lynn canal laBt
: wcrr Rent» i nrr»d at SkagunyJune
27. "Hanson, who killed Horton, will hang.
Williams, who cut Mrs. Horton's throat
: i:ndrr threats of Hanson, was sentenced
v to. fifty yrarp. Ketohinoo also Rets fifty
\ years. Another is given thirty years and
I two others twenty years each. Five other
"J^fJians in the i-arty were pet at liberty to
: secure their testimony. The crime was
commit ted in revenge for the death of two
Indians, which wan attrlbutJd to witch
craft practiced by the Hortons.
will start at 10 a- m. and continue till
sunset. They will be under the supervi
sion of Royal Chief John Ross, Recorder
George W. Paterson and the official start
er, John Donaldson, who are old mem
bers of the club and thoroughly experi
enced in conducting athletic sports.
The royal chief has been a member of
the club since 18S5 and has always taken
: fi==a LABORATE preparations have been
r=° made by the officers of the Scot
• jl , tlsh Thistle Club for the eighteenth
annual gathering and. games to bo
held at Shell Mound Park on the Fourth.
A programme of rare excellence has been
prepared and everything has been done to
make the event one of the most success
ful in the hietory of the club. The games
At the close of the war with Mexico the
Whig party was in a favorable position for
a series of national triumphs. Democratic
leaders had inaugurated a war which vio
lated the better conscience of the nation
for the purpose of securing an increased
area for slavery. They had indeed se
cured Texas &e a slave State, but along
with Texas a vast territory had been ac
quired from which slavery was legally ex
cluded, end into which It seemed Impos
sible that it should be introduced. From
nearly all other territory slavery had been
excluded by the Missouri compromise. It
In ISOO the Whig party had been faithful
to the leadership of the Whig President,
and had refused to enter into any com
promise- which was fitted to help the Dem
ocrats out of their political dilemma, it
would naturally have drawn to itself the
anti-slavery sentiment of the North and
the union sentiment of the South. It would
.have continued to be a great national
party with enduring triumphant issues.
But in an evil hour certain Whig lead
ers, notably Henry Clay and Daniel Web
ster, threw themselves in opposition to the
Whig administration and brought forward
a series of compromises which were fitted
to remove from pro-slavery Democrats
the odium which they had brought upon
themselves. In the face of Whig opposi
tion the Democrats had carried the cour,
try into H war, with the Intention, as was
believed, of acquiring more slave terri
tory. Along with the added slave terri
tory they had gained free territory. Had
the Whigs been wise they would not havt
raised the question of extending .slavery
Into the free territory. The Whig com
promise act legalized slavery in the ac
quired territory in case the prople should
desire it when they applied for admission
as States. The Whig compromise also pro-
I vided for a fugitive slave law. which was
I so drawn as to be an offense to the great
body of the northern people.
By the compromise measures the Whigs
lost the support of northern anti-slavery
citizens, while they gained no support
from the South. Kverywhere the people
asked what the Whig party meant. Web
ster and the promoters of the compromise
answered this question by saying that the
party stood for tne Union and the com
promises. But the Democrats could say
with even greater fervor that they also
stood for the Union and the compromises.
The compromises served to unite the.
Democratic party. The Free Soilers, who
had separated from the Democrats in
1S4S, returned to the fold on the basis ot
the Whig compromise. There was noth
ing distinctive for which the Whigs stood.
In the platform of 1S52 the Whigs natur
ally felt impelled to approve of the com
promts-s. The Democrats also approved
of the compromises, and with great ex
plicitness named the fugitive slave act as
a measure to be sacredly observed and
faithfully executed. Then the question re
mained unanswered, what did the \\ hig
party stand for? It seemed to stand for
precisely the same thing which the Demo
cratic party represented, A political party
in the American system is expected to dis
cover, criticize and oppose the erroneous
policy of another political party. It Is a
primary duty of one party to hold the
opposing party to the responsibility of its
Under the leadership of a Southern
slaveholder the Whigs had a great op
portunity to secure a permanent settle
ment of the whole question of the exten
sion of slavery into new territory, and to
accomplish this it was not necessary for
them to do anything but simply to leave
the territory as the Democrats left It.
Undoubtedly some Whigs were afraid that
the Union would be disrupted. President
Taylor, who knew the South well, had no
more fear on that subject than had Pres
ident Jackson eighteen years before. In
any event the way to save the Union was
for the Whig party, as a great national
organ, to hold its place. Of course, the
Whigs who were responsible for the com
promise did not understand what they
were doing— they did not know that they
were destroying their party. The Demo
crats however, were not slow to under
stand* the nature of the act. All that was
necessary for the Democrats to do In order
to gain an easy triumph over the Whigs
was simply to hold the Whigs firmly to
the responsibility of their own«acts. The
Wbies nave enacted the compromise, now
let them stand by it. Especially let them
stand by the fugitive slave act!
During the campaign the Democrats
were united and hopeful, while the Whigs
were divided and despondent. In the na
tional Whic convention there was lack of
unity as to the platform; a considerable
minority voted against the clause express
ing approval of the fugitive slave law.
The platform, however, was In this re
spect made acceptable to the Southern
members. These gave almost their entire
support to Millard Fillmore as the candi
date for the Presidency, while Winfleld
Scott received the votes of all who were
opposed to committing the Whig party to
the sanction of the fugitive slave law.
Daniel Webster was the favorite of
twenty-nine delegates, mostly from New
England. In the final result the South
got the platform and the North got the
candidate. Scott was a Virginian by birth,
and was nominated on account of his
military career. Several of the leading
Whigs in the South openly repudiated the
candidate on the ground of his alleged
free-soil tendencies. On the part of the
Whigs it was a lifeless campaign and in
the outcome only four State.-*— \ ermont.
Massachusetts. Kentucky and Tennessee
chose Whic electors. This proved to be
the last important Whig campaign.
The End of an Bra.
The passing of the Whig party coincided
with the passing of great statesmen and
former leaders. While tho Whig conven
tion was in session in Baltimore, in June
1852, Henry Clay was dying in Washington.
No one had in all respects so thoroughly
personated and represented the party as
he. Twice its standard-bearer; always in
the minds of the people: a candidate for
the Presidency, he had a personal follow
ing such a* few men have enjoyed. Daniel
Webster also hoped, and indeed expected,
to be made the candidate of the party.
He had been voted for for President, but
he had never received the regular nomi
nation of hi3 party. Twice, it Is alleged,
he might have had the nomination for the
Vice Presidency, and in each case, had he
accepted, he would have become President
through a vacancy In that office caused by
death. Webster died in the midst of the
campaign. It is one of the remarkable
coincidences of history that so large a
number of statesmen who. as young men.
had beeun to exercise a guidance in na
tional politics in the early decades of the
century should all at once leave the bur
den of sUntcPinanship to a younger genera
tion. Uesiriefr' Clay and Webster, there
was John Qulncy Adams, who <lietl at his
post two years earlier. John C. Calhoun
died a llttlfi Inter then Adams; Thomas
H. Benton left the Senate, never to return;
old hands rave place to new ones under
new and greatly changed conditions.
The Slavery Question as a Hindrance.
' Had the war of secession been fought
under the leadership of President Taylor
in 1S30 it would have b*en brief and prob-
Hbly tt would have been entirely blood
leas and it would have left the Union par
ty permanently ascendant. South as well
as North. Slavery would have been con
fined to its present limits and removed
from a dominant place in national poli
tics and the great Whig party, as the
party expressing Union sentiment and na'
tlonal aspiration, would have disputed
authority with the Democrats, who stood
for the principles of free trade, personal
liberty and local autonomy. The parties
would have been divided along the old
lines of real or supposed conflict in in
dustrial interests. And if ever there was
a time when a nation needed to have all
its political energies directed to the in
dustrial Interests of the whol* prople tt
was the I'nited States of America from
1S50 to XS70. During this period the rail
way, as a great national institution, was
created; during this period X? telegraph
t GENERAL WINFIELD SCOTT.
and the dally paper became an Integral
part of the national life. It was during
this period that business corporations, or
ganized for the purpose of private gain,
got possession of the resources of th<»
country. The foundation was laid for our
most serious industria 1 problems during
the period when the attention of the peo
ple was monopolized with the question of
the preservation of the Union. It would
have been an easy matter to deal with the
railway problem and allied monopolistic
enterprises before the Civil War. But af
ter twenty years of neglect and after an
other twenty years occupied with the con
sideration of special problems which the
the war created satisfactory control
seems almost hoDeles*.
At the time of the passing of the "Whigs
the tariff question s-eemed to have reached!
a permanent settlement. The Democratic
tariff of 1S45 was in force. It was a mod
erately protective measure. Had politics
gone on in its natural course the Whigs,
as traditionally favorable tr> the policy of
protection, would have resisted further
advances in the direction of free trade,
while the Democrats would have contend
ed for progressive advancement in that
direction. But It was a time when the
shipping interests of the country were as
suming vast proportions. The Improve
ment of rivers and harbors by the nation
al Government could not longer be de
layed and the Whigs were naturally In a
position thus to exalt the importance of
the Union. Public improvements In th*
hands of the separate States hart been
proved Inadequate. The Clayton-Bulwer
treaty had just been signed and there was
a peneral expectation that there would b»
a Nicaragua canal In a few years. Both
external and internal commerce demand
ed the guiding hand of a vigorous national
Government. When the party system
failed the people were left without tha
means of controlling their national affairs.
They became victims to sectional strife,
misunderstanding and hatred. Parties
were formed on sectional lines and tha
nation was transformed into warring sec
The Whig party mlsrht have recovered
after the crushing defeat of 1STC but It
did not. A Knownothlng party, organized
first as a secret society, spread all over
the country. North and South. The Whigs
did, indeed, bring out a ticket four years
later, in ISoo. and made Mlilard Flllmora
their candidate. Filltnore was likewise
the candidate of the Southern Knownoth
lng party, and as representing the two.
parties combined he carried the singl*
State of Maryland. There was again a
feeble effort to revive the party in 1S00,
but It was of no avail.
THE LAST IMPORTANT WHIG CAMPAIGN.
Copyright, 1900, by Seymour Eaton.
A/VIERICAN POLITICAL PARTIES.
Oakland Office San Francisco Call,
111S Broadway, July 1,
While almost in front of his own door
way Charles Allen, a Southern Pacific
Company employe, whs run down this
noon by the westbound Alameda local
train and Instantly killed.
The unfortunate man was crossing the
track at the junction of Cedar and At
lantic streets, having Just left his resi
dence at 17^7 Atlantic street to go to the
roundhouse where he was employed as an
Allen was very familiar with the cross
ing, as lie passed there several times a
day. The Alameda train runs on cannon
bail time through the railroad yards, and
many fatalities have occurred along the
track? there, because engineers have been
unable to stop the swiftly moving trains
in time to save a life. It was so in Allen's
case. The train had struck him before he
knew it was near him. The workman was
hurled twenty f'^ct. His body was badly
bruised, one iep was broken and his head
was terribly crushed. As soon as the
train was stepped assistance was at hand,
but Allen breathed his last before any one
reached his mangled body. The Coroner
was called and had the remains removed
to the Morgue, where an inquest will be
held to-morrow evening. The train was
in charge of Kngineer Reynolds and Con
Allen was a native of Austria. 49 years
old. He leaves a wife and live children.
He was a member of the Onler of Rail
way Trainmen and also of the Ancient
Order United Workmen.
Swiftly Running Train Runs Down
the Employe, Who Had Not a
Chance for His
Charles Allen, a Railroad
Man, Struck by Ala
SIGHT OF HIS
K<M-.ry Le Blanche, proprietor of the
Rocjs Restaurant, 119 Stockton
Streets Bbot and perhaps fatally woundod
tsim wife in the Webb House. 37 Second
Ftrc-ct. aX about 2:30 o # elock this morning.
He made n" attempt to escape, explain
ing to the police that he tried to kill the
woman because *he was in another man's
l^d when she ought to have been at his
home.. 1«5 Fourth street.
Tv\v» messencer boys, were close by at
the> time of the shooting. They told Ser
geant Cor.bcry that th»»" had been sent by
Captain Hansen, master of a vessel in
p^rt. to room 14 in the Webb House, In
which Sirs. Le Blanche was shot, to se
cure some articles of clothinsr which he
hid left there. I^e Blanche was waiting
outside and secured the note from them.
After he had read It he went to the room
where his wife was and shot her as she
lay In bed.
The bullet took effect in the woman's
back and her screams roused the people
in the house. Policeman Sullivan was soon
on the scene and found L« Blanche look
ing on Indifferently, while his wife was
mt#rir.g fearful screams. Le Blanche
handed the pistol, a SS-caliber Smith &.
Wesson, to the officer. He did not ap
pear to regret the deed, repeating that
she had no right in the lodging-house.
Mrs. Le Blanche denies that she had
er.y man in her room at the Webb House.
"He threatened to kill me this after
noon and I came here for protection," she
The wounded woman was removed to
the Receiving Hospital, where it was
found that the ball had entered her back,
near the ppinal column, passing under the
stomach. It was lying under the skin of
Le Blanche was locked up at the City
Accuses Woman of Infidelity With
Captain Hansen and Fires Bullet
Into Her Back at Webb
Jealous Henry Le Blanche
Wounds His Spouse, Per
SHOT HIS WIFE,
TO BE UNTRUE
NAPA WILL SURPASS FORMER EFFORTS
IN DOING HONOR TO INDEPENDENCE DAY
THE SA2ST FRANCISCO CALL,, MONDAY, JULY 2, 19 00.
an active interest in its affairs. Recorder mean ability. .'P. D. Flndlay is chairman
Paterson Joined the club a year earlier of the music committee and a dancer of
and since his election to his present office considerable repute. Besides the games
the club has achieved its greatest sue- there will be dancing in the pavilions
cesses. He Is an energetic worker and throughout the day and at night, anil
the recent successful entertainment at commencing at 8 p. m. there will be a
Metropolitan Temple was inaugurated and magnificent display of fireworks. The
carried through BOlely by him. Starter usual hospitality of the club will also be
DonaldFon Is also a veteran of. the club extended to its guests and altogether an
and in past years was an athlete of no enjoyable' time' Is promised.
MEMBERS OF THLS THISTLS CIATB WHO WIIX DIRECT THE CELEBRATION". !
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