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THE CITY OF MONZA. WHERE KING HUMBERT MET HIS DEATH
Sfor.za is situated in Lcmbardy, ten miles north of Milan, and has for a
lcng time been the summer residence of the Kings of Sardinia and Italy.
Kin? Humbert and his family generally spent some eight months of the year
at the Villa Real, within tho confines of the city. Monza has a population
of about i?,D09. It was the capital of the Lombard Kingdom of Italy, and
boasts of a number of ancient historic buildings, among which is the cathe
dral, founded A. D. Z%. by Que^n Theodellnda, where is kept since ages back
the iron crown and regalia of Lombardy. The tall tower of the cathedral
is shown on the left of the picture, while on the right, near the foreground.
Is seen the front of the municipal building, in the rear of which lies the Ath
letlc Park, where the assassination of King Ifumbert was accomplished.
ROME, July. 31.— All the military and naval forces throughout the country
will to-day (Tuesday) take the oath of fidelity to the new King. All the
Deputies of the Extreme Left now In Rome met together yesterday after
noon and adopted a resolution expressing abhorrence of the crime. The Car
dinals met at the residence of Monsignor Rampolla to discuss the line of
conduct to be followed In connection with- the obsequies. Last evening the stu
dents paraded the streets, cheering for the House of Savoy. No disturbance of
public order has been reported at any point. "
A proclamation from the Queen Regent has arrived announcing the ascension
of the new King and stating that Parliament will be convoked after the funeral.
Several warships have started to meet King Victor. It la reported that Em
peror. William will attend the funeral
The socialists and anarchists have Issued a Armal condemnation of the crime.
The police have made several arrests of suspected persons, on the theory that a
conspiracy exists. y."-. r
The socialist organ Avanta accuses the Government of being the indirect
assassin of the King because of a mistaken policy of dealing with the socialists.
In consequence of .this tirade the police «elzed the Avanta.
The Pope's grief was unmistakable. Assurances have been conveyed to the
Government that the Vatican will discourage any attempt to embarrass the Min
istry. This is the outcome of a rumor that a dangerous coalition exists between
the extreme Papal party and the Republicans for the overthrow of the monarchy.
Military and Naval Forces of Italy
Will To-Day Take me Oatn of
Fidelity to tlie New King.
# Continued on Fifth Page.
terrible tragedy are available.
It happened so quickly and un
expectedly that the King was
dead almost before the spectators
realized what had occurred. No
special precautions had been
taken. Very few police were in
ittendance, . and only a small
of soldiers was keeping the
,vay clear for the carriage. The
King, amid the cheers of the
crowd, came out smiling, accom
panied by his aid-de-camp, Gen
eral Ponzio Baglia. He had en
tered the carriage and was. just
driving off when the revolver
The Villa Real, or Royal Palace,
was built In 1719 by Archduke Fer
dinand of Austria after designs by
Plennarlnl. Several additions have
been made since, and only a few
years ago a smoking and "relaxa
tion" building was added on the
right (not shown In the picture)
by King Humbert. The villa
stands In a Jarge and beauiuut
park, which lies to the right of the
part of the city of Monza shown.
In the accompanying picture.
THE VILLA REAL. MONZA,
WHERE KINO HUMBERT WAS
RESIDING AND WHERE HI8
BODY WAS TAKEN.
COBURG, July 31.— Prince Alfred Ern
est Albert, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and
Gotha.fclied at 10 o'clock last evening at
Rosenau Castle, from j paralysis of the
heart. ' He was born in 1S44.
Heart Disease Ends the Life of
Prince Alfred Ernest
DUKE OF SAXE-COBURG
AND GOTHA IS DEAD
BERNE. July 30.— The news of the as
sassination caused emotion at the Federal
palace and throughout Switzerland. The
Federal Council this afternoon sent a tel
egram of condolence to Queen Margherita
En)otioQ in Switzerland.
BRUSSELS, July 30— A special dispatch
from Rome says: Mgr. Angelo di Pietro,
prefect of the Congregation of the Coun
cil, took it upon himself to inform the
Pope of the assassination of King- Hum
bert. He entered the chamber of the
Pope at an early hour. The latter was
The Cardinal cautiously first stated that
an attempt had been made upon the life
of the King, whereupon the Pope Immed
iately asked if the wound was dangerous.
The prelate replied, "Very dangerous."
But his anxious air was noticed by the
Pope, who at once divined the truth. His
emotion was such that he was, unable to
speak for some time. When hfs distress
had passed he wished to leave his bed
and to celebrate mass for the repose of the
Later he summoned Cardinal Rampolla,
Papal Secretary of State, whom he re
quested to send a dispatch of condolence
to the Princess Clotildc sister of the
Queon. The audiences fixed for to-day
POPE LEO MUCH
MOV,ED BY NEWS
was warned June 30 that secret anarchist
societies had decided on the death of Kins
Humbert and four other sovereigns. As
a matter of fact an anarchist was arrested i
July 24 at Pontafa, on the Austro-Itallan
frontier, who declared he had been select-,
ed to assassinate Kins Humbert. In
creased guards were attached to King
Humbert, who, however, ordered them j
The Temp? Kdds that the Pope was the |
first to convey condolences to the widow
and Quern. %
' Many Italian deputies and journalists j
are in Paris at th's time. The deputies 1
are participating in the inter-Parliamen- j
tary Congress on Arbitration and the |
journalists are here to attend the Inter- )
national Press Congress. • j
Signor Villa, president of the t Italian |
Chamber of Deputies, was Interviewed t> ;
day regarding the assassination of Kins
Humbert and said:
"I ani unable at this time to predict the
result to Italy. I will leave Paris to-night j
to preside over the extraordinary session j
of the Chamber of Deputies which has
Causes Cruel Sadness.
Deputy de Xava said: "My colleagues
and myself are sorely afflicted. The news
of the assassination will cause a cruel
sadness throughout Italy. King Humbert
was beloved by all our countrymen. He
was more a father to us than a sovereign.
As to the future, Italy is very conserva
tive. The new King will be well received.
He is a young man of fine character, who
has studied conscientiously. He 'has never
taken any part In public affairs, but
thanks to the thorough education he has
received, he will soon be in a position to
I where Sperandlo refused it and went
across the ocean to carry out the decree
that Humbert should die.
In manners Bressl was quiet. Men who
worked beside him In Hamll & Booth's
( mill, say he was the last one they wouM
¦ select as an assassin. He spoke Httlo
- and volunteered nothing about himself.
"When there wns a shop call and the men.
went on one of their numerous strikes,
Bressi left his looms obediently, but wa.i
never one of the first. Each Satunlav
nlghr he left the mill and hurried away.
He went to IIobokf>n. wh*»re his -wife and
little girl arp said to live. He never
brought them to Paterson. lie remrflnerl
away untl! Monday morning. He roomed
in the center of the anarchist section. H:s
meals were taken at the Hotel Kartholdi.
The proprietor of th» hotel says he knows
the man well. Bressl. according to th<?
proprietor, came into his place* three
times a day for six days a week. He was
never there en Sundays.
Beyond biddins the time of day to the
proprietor and the waiter he spoke to no
one. He was tall and dark and had stoop
ing shoulders. To some it was known
that his Ideas were extreme and that
he was of the inner circle of the an
William J. Oit, the foreman of the silk
mill, said to-day that had Bressl asked
him for a letter recommending' him to silk
manufacturers he would have written him
a strong one. He was a good workman
on broad goods, he said, and never raised
any trouble. At the boardlr.^-house it
was the same story. He came and went
regularly and never gave any trouble.
Bressl entered the employ of Hamll &
THE NEW KING AND QUEEN OF ITALT.
Italian Government Warned.
The Temps says the' Italian Government
PARIS. July S3.— The account of the
assassination of King Humbert has cre
ated profound sorrow in official circles
here. All official fetes have been aban
doned until after the obsequies. The flags
of all public buildings are draped. The
Italian embassy and the Italian building
at the exposition are in heavy mourning.
Only one morning paper, r Eclair, had the
news, and this very briefly. Its sale was
tremendous and every one on the boule
vards this morning was eagerly scanning
the insufficient news.
When notified of the death of King
Humbert, President Loubet sent a mili
tary officer of his household to express his
condolence to the Italian Embassador.
Count Tornellle-Brusati di Vergano.
Later In Uie afternoon the Embassador
visited the Palace of the Elysee and offi
cially announced the death of his sov
ereign. President Loubet sent to the new-
King of Italy the following:
"I place before your Majesty the ex
pression of unanimous Indignation of my
country against the odious attempt which
has taken from Italy its generous chief.
I bey your Majesty to accept this expres
sion "of my deep sympathy, and I place
at the feet of her Majesty. Queen Mar
gherita, my respectful homage and my
sincere condolences." -
It was rumored this afternoon that an
attempt had been made against the life
of the Shah of Persia, but investigation
proved that while the Shah was visiting
the exposition this morning a number of
his suite noticed near a rough looking per
son carrying poignards in his belt. On ac
count of his suspicious actions this indi
vidual was arrested.
Sympathy of the French.
All the Country Mourns.
Telegrams from all the towns and vil
lages of Italy show that all the country
deeply mourns the death of the King.
Kverywhere flaps are half-masted and
shops are closed. All garrison towns ; at
noon saluted with 1M guns, while at the
naval ports minute puns wore fired. The"
municipality of Milan half-masted its flap
and published a manifesto objurgating
the horrible tragedy. The bourse at
Rome has closed and not a store is open.
Signs of mourning . rapidly appeared
throughout the city. . Crape is displayed
uprtn many residences and public build
ings. Portraits of the murdered monarch
at points of vantage, draped in black, and
flags are flying at half-mast everywhere.
King Humbert's remains will be brought
to Rome and laid to rest in the Pantheon.
It Is stated that the name of the as
sassin does not appear in the list of dan
gerous anarchists known lo the police.
A few newspapers this morning pub
lished tributes to the noble qualities of
King Humbert, declaring that it is
through. his love for the working classes
that he has fallen a victim to assassina
tion. The papers add a few words of
sympathy and respect for the new King.
¦ % OME, July 30. — Thousands of tele
1*1 grams have been received from all
r"\ parts of the country indicative of
"I" I" thTTdeep* eorrnw^ffeH by* the whole
nation. Everywhere work was
suspended to-day and the bourses and
theaters were closed. In the principal
cities the municipal authorities are con
sidering plans to honor the memory of the
murdered monarch. At Messina a pro
cession marched through the streets
cheering for the house of Savoy and the
young King. At Palermo an imposing
demonstration proceeded in solemn si
lence to the municipal offices to express
the sorrow and indignation of the popu
lation, after which a vast crowd cheered
the new King. There were similar dem
onstrations in other towns.
The Conservator of the Quirinal has
sealed up all the private apartments of !
King Humbert and all the doors^ of the
palace except one. The member^ of the
diplomatic corps all went this morning to
the Foreign Office to tender their condo
lences. The visitors' books at the
Quirinal have already been filled with the
names of callers.
Profound calm prevails throughout the
entire country. Such members of the
Chamber of Deputies as are in Rome met
this morning and adopted a resolution ex
ecrating the crime and expressing un
It appears that when King
Humbert was wounded he ex
claimed, "It is nothing."
The royal carriage covered the
distance between the Gymnastic
MOXZA. July 30. — After the
shooting of King Humbert
last night, a? soon as his Maj
esty's attendant could realize
what had happened, he was
placed in his carriage and driven
as rapidly as possible to the
palace. lie was. however, beyond
human aid. The assassin's name
is variously given as Angelo and
< iaetno Bressir "Hewa?" born in
Prato. November 10. 1869. and is
a weaver by trade. He said that
he had no accomplices and that
he committed the deed because
of his hatred of monarchical in
stitutions. He reached Monza
July 27 from Milan, where he
staved a few davs.
Bursting into tears she ex
claimed: "It is the greatest
crime of the century. Humbert
was good and faithful. Xo per
son could have loved his people
more. He was one who bore ill
Bressi is young, tall and
swarthy. It appears he remained
four days at Prato and two days
at Bologne, after which he came
here. When Queen Margherita
arrived at the villa it was still
hoped that the King would sur
vive,- and when the truth* was
broken to her a heartrending
The King expired on the way,
and, although placed on a bed.
was dead when the doctors ar
Society clubhouse, where the
crime was committed, and the
royal villa at full speed, requiring
but three minutes.
will to none.*'
When the Queen's mother ar
! rived there was another affecting
The assassin is strictly guarded
I in prison. He continues to pre
serve absolute indifference and
took his meals to-day without
; any sign of being affected by his
i position. A second revolver
f V\ : asToun'fr6ri~fhe public street
j and in the gymnasium grounds.
The room where the emljalm-,
ing is proceeding is already filled
I with flowers. The Queen herself
j placed a Vvreath on the bier and
i knelt and prayed beside the body,
and in spite of the entreaties of
the Princes and Princesses she
I refused to quit the death chain-
! her, which is in charge of Count
j Jourri, the late King's aid-de- j
; camp. . •
Few additional details of the
"Tell them that I came from America on purpose to kill Umberto," hissed out Assassin
Bressi in an interview at Monza in which he denied that he had any accomplice, and said that
his motive was "simply my anarchistic principles."
Pope Leo. divining the worst, while the news was being gently broken to him, was overcome
with grief and at once expressed a desire to celebrate mass for the King's soul, and sent a dis
patch of condolence to Princess Ciothilde. Deep grief is shown throughout Italy, and profound
calm prevails, while the. authorities are prepared to quell any disorder that may arise. Should the
absence of King Victor Emmanuei ill extend beyond forty-eight hours a brief regency, it is said in
some quarters, will be established in accordance with the constitution.
It is asserted in Paris that on June 20 last the Italian Government was warned of an an
archist plot against the lives of King Humbert and four other monarchs.
While nations expressed their sympathy with Italy and her Queen in their bereavement, the
police of New York took steps to ascertain, if possible, whether Bressi's crime was an indepen
dent act of an individual or the outcome of a conspiracy. So far it has been ascertained that the
assassin sailed from New York on the Werra for Genoa June 23, and he was known as an anarch
ist. His name is said to be unknown in the list of dangerous anarchists held by the Italian police.
He has an American wife living in West Hoboken.
IT is the greatest crime of the century," cried Queen Margherita in her outburst of tears
over the tragedy at Monza.
"It is nothing," exclaimed the King when he received his mortal wound. "I must take
my chances, for that is the trade of a King." . •
"It Is Nothing," Replied Humbert After Being
Mortally Wounded. "I Must Take My
Chances, for That Is the Trade of a King"
A few months ago a man. said to be
Count Mcletcskl. the head of the Italian
anarchJst3. was In Paterson and during
his stay Sperandio and Bressi were his"*
companions, and they showed him about
the city and introduced him to othtra m
the city, who were his mentors there. It
would seem that his friend, having falt
ered at regicide. Bressi took up his burden
NEW YORK. July 30.— Angelo Bressi
lived In Paterscn. N. J.. for over a year.
He appeared to have had various names.
The one he gave last night when taken
Into custody for the murder of the King
of Italy was one. Another was Angelus
Bressi. and still another, the one by
which he was known to those who knew
him In Paterson. was Caetano Bressi. Ho
was employed In Hamil & Booth's silk
mills. His close friend there was Cari
boni Sperandlo, the man who a few weeks
ago shot down his foreman and then killed
himself, leaving behind a letter telling
how he had been selected by lot to kill
King Humbert, and having his choice.
owing to his living so far away from Italy,
killed the foreman instead.
WHILE IN AMERICA
work for the good of the country."
President Loubet and M. Delcasse called
at the Italian embassy this afternoon.
Universal Sorrow Over the Assassination of
King Humbert— Italian Government Had
Been Warned of the Plot of Anarchists.
An eye-witness says that im
mediately after the shots were
fired the King felhback pressing
his hand to. his heart. He was
instantly supported by General
Ponzio Baglia, who told the
coachman to drive with all speed
to the castle. After his exclama
tion, "It is nothing-," he did not
utter a sound. Blood gushed
from his rriouth.
unexpected scene, but speedily a
rush was made toward the assas
sin. He did not attempt' to es
cape and was roughly treated
until the carbineers formed a cor
don and secured him from the
fun- of the people.
Special Cable to the' Xew Tork Herald.
Copyright, 3000, by New York Herald
rubllshir.gCompany. Republlcation of
' this dispatch Is prohibited. All rights
reserved in tile United States and
LONDON*. July $L— The Dally
Mail publishes the following
from Us special correspondent:
MONZ A , July 30.-I have
b'cen able ' to have an • interview
¦with Bressi, the assassin of King.
Hambert; in. the guard room of the
Carbineers' barracks, where ho was
taken immediately after his cap- ,
ture. Bressi was in a pitiable con
dition, his hands and arms being
lacerated and covered with blood as
the result of his struggle with the
crowd, who showed every disposi
tion to lynch him. .He was stretch- '
ed out on a borch, -wrapped in a
coat, as we entered the guard room.
¦With glaring eyes he regarded his
visitors with a wild look, and to my
questions hissed through his
"Tell them I came from America,
where I was a Bilk weaver, on pur
pose to kill Humbert."
"What motive had you for kill
"Simply my anarchistic princi
ples." ¦ i
It has been thought Bressi had
an accomplice, for the revolver has
been found in a field near where the
crime was ' committed. Moreover
Bressi had been seen in the park" In
Monza in with a young
man near where the King was In
the habit of riding. But .when he
was asked whether he had any ac
complices, BreSEi replied:
"1 know no one. I confess the
crime. I have onlj" just come from
America. I spent a day at Bou
logne and then came on to Milan."
Search at Rressi's home at-Prato
has resulted in finding several com
promising -letter? from New York.
One Is signed with a lady's name
and dated New York, June 25. In.
this letter the writer asks if alt is
ready and expresses a hope that he
will soon return."
f- '¦:¦'¦¦ .
shots were fired in cjuick succes
sion. Some witnesses assert that
Bressi was seen just previously
waving his hands and cheering.
The first shot wounded the King
in the neck, the second — the fatal
one — pierced his heart, and the
third broke the. arm of the al
ready dying sovereign.
The crowd was stunned bv the
That He Went
on Purpose to
Kill the King.
"GREATEST CRIME OF THE CENTURY,"
CRIED THE BEREAVED QUEEN MARGHERITA
SAN FRANCISCO, TUESDAY, JULY 31, 1900.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOLUME LXXXVIII— NO. Gl.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL.