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CALIFOENIANS IN WASHINGTON
WASHINGTON, April 24.— The following.
Calif ornians have arrived: Ex-Corigress
man James G. Maguire of San Francisco,
at the Ebbittu A. L. Parsons of Califor
nia, Carl E. Lindsay of Santa, Cruz, Mr.
Holman of San Jose, at the Raleigh;
Colonel A. H. Bloomer of San Francisco,
at the Chamberlain. ¦
CAIilFORNIASrS IN NEW YOBIL
NEW YORK, April 24.-The» following
Calif ornians are In New York: From San
Francisco — J. Huguenin, at the St. Denis;
J. Schmitz, J. F. Valentine, J. Younp, at
the Broadway Central; L. Barchers, Mrs.
J. Bruchmann, at.the Belvedere; lliss m!
Lansing, Mrs. G. L. Lansing," at the Ev
erett; E. J. Law'ton, at the Herald Square;
AI Lewin, at the New York; Misa M. B.
Meagher, at the Holland; L. H. Watson
W. C. Watsonand wife, at the Grand'
Union; S. M. ¦ Herman,* at the Normandie.
From Los Angeles— Mrs,. M. \V. Long
street. C, E. Handy. A. Wllcox. Mrs. M
A. Wilcox, at.the Holland; C. C. Howard
and wife, at the Victoria. From San Jose
— B. J. Moore, at the Holland.,
WHAT IS MEANT.
The outs who struggle to get in
• Oft make conditions warm.
They merely mean "remodel"
When they use the word "reform."
S. A. Palmer, a Santa Cruz merchant
accompanied by his wife, is at the Grand,
: A. A. Van Voorhies, a merchant of Sac
ramento, Is at the Grand. . •
.General Fitzhugh Lee -has returned to
the city and is at the Occidental.
at the Palace. •¦• •-..-.¦ . . "..i-
R. J. Northam of Los Angeles Is regis
tered at the Palace.
.Dr. _ Benjamin A. Plant of Santa Cruz
is a euest at the Grand.
O. "W. Brothbeck of Los Angeles is at
the Palace.' ' ¦ '
G. Nlscon, a mining man of Nevada, Is
i The proposal to hold a constitutional convention in
Alabama was carried, but the total vote was so light
it hardly amounted 'to. an expression of the will of the
people: In fact, politics in that State has been so,
thoroughly cut and dried there is nothing in it to.in
terest anybody except the politicians, and even. they
The Christian Scientists : have obtained a' consider
able following in Germany, and are about to erect a
large church in" ; Berlir.; but the '.doctrines of the
Scientists are evidently i«ot understood bythe, people,
for the Kreuz Zeitung: describes; their in
Germany, as "an inroi.i of Anglo-Saxon Protestant
ism." " ¦:'¦"-' :•¦ ' .' ' ' ,.* . '
The three Phoenix thieves who stole 1 ; bar of gold
from the hiding-place where it had' b'een* "secreted by;
another thief probably felt that ; such*cprnpoundini.r
of a felony will be. winked atby the law.\ But it'would
seem that even a thief has some property rights'. -..
It his been decided by the military, authorities that
the strength of the army of the United States shall be
fixed at 76,000 men. That is just .about one soldier
¦to every 1000 'citizens, ?nd yet Mr: Bryan will - con
tinue to howl about'the menace of imperialism.'/
A suggestion of the American Bureau of Statistics
that, an effort be made to promote American ¦ com
merce by means of a floating exposition of American
products has been warmly taken *up, and it is now
announced that such an exhibit will Soon be sent out
to make a tour *6i the South American coast and from
thence to' other parts of the world. The idea is not
original with this country, for theGermans have al
ready tried the experiment. It is said an exhibition
of the kind was* organized in Hamburg two years ago,
and. the results were in' excess, of .the most sanguine
expectations. The total cost of the enterprise was
about $200,000 and the' trade resulting from it amount
ed to about $5^230,000. With such an illustration of
the effectiveness of the scheme, it is hardly likely
enterprising Americans will be slow to adopt it.
No plan -of action proposed m the discussion has
received more general. approval, than that of Dr;
Henry Shaw, and it is probable that it will, be vir
tually adopted should the State.- decide to . assume
control.' The plan is thus stated by. Dr. .Shaw, him
self: "If the State owned four small farms— say at
Middieboro. Wilmingto::, Sterling and Chesterfield,
there would be few plates which would not'be within
thirty. miles of one of them, and all. except Chester
f.cld. would be within easy railroad communication
\vilh all surrounding' 1 territory. In each of them a
small farm might be br-ught. and its buildings,, put in
condition to receive travelers. Let every person going
from place to place without definite destination, if
needing or asking relief, be sent at the expense of the
While the British are rejoicing over that unex
pected ray of brightness in the general gloom caused
by the war and diminishing trade with increasing
taxes, the more thickly settled. States of our own
country are finding the iramp problem more vexatious
th«-n ever. In Massachusetts .the evil has become, so
great the relief bfficeis of the commonwealth are
seeking to provide a better* system of dealing with
it. At the present time many Massachusetts- munici
palities furnish food and lodging- for tramps,~but at
the same time compel those who apply to do a cer
tain amount of work by way of compensation. ' The
plan is not' adequate to the requirements of the
problem, because some communities do not provide
such homes for tramp;, nor in any • way enforce the
general regulations -concerning vagrancy. It. is now
proposed that the- State shall deal directly with the
subject, instead of leaving- it to local authorities, and
to effext that end a campaign of 'education has. been
The Westminster Gazette in commenting upon the
decline says it is "so remarkable, indeed, that if the
numbers decrease to the same extent during the next
for.i years the workhouses in the eastern counties ma?
shut up their casual wards, for there will be no tramps
left to use them. The figures showing the number
of casuals relieved in the different unions have just
been compiled by the poor-law inspector for the East
ern District. In Norfolk 29,037 casuals were reported
hy the different unions in 1897. In the following year
this dropped to 24,128; in 1899 it went down to 15,095,
and last year it was only 9739-Hust a thir'd of what it
W3S four years ago. The decrease is spread over every
union in the county. In Suffolk the figures for the
four 3'ears beginning with 1897 are: 23,903; 22,385,
17,655 and 12,838. Here the decrease is not quite so
great as in Norfolk, -but it is very nearly half. < Evi
dently the tramp is becoming scarcer each year." -
BRITISH sociologists are delighted, but at the
same time puzzled, by the remarkable decrease
in vagrancy that has taken place in Great Brit
ain during the last four years. There appears' to be
iic self-evident explanation of the decline, but 'of the
fact there is no doubt whatever. It is made clear
by reports from all parts of the country, and particu
liuly from the eastern counties, where the tramp evil
has in former years been most notable.
THE TRAMP PROBLEM
A local attorney has announce^ to the Federal
court that he will prova that a conspiracy exists . to
keep Chinese but of this' country. The lawyer appears
to have undertaken a r?sk which for others would be
as simple as it is easy. Everybody, having at heart the
welfare of the city is in the conspiracy.
LAST year was a Mine of violence and disaster on
the arid granges. As their use in common as
part of the public domain progressively de
stroys the feed, the contention over what is left grows
more fierce. As the fo-age decreases the moisture
goes with it. and increasing aridity renders the region
less fit for agricultural settlement, and the demand
for Government aid for irrigation grows more per
The forces which made the last a season of blood
shed are already in the field. A month ago cattle
rr<en with Winchesters were patrolling -a frontier of
forty miles in Western Colorado to keep out hun
dreds cf thousands of sheep, which had eaten up the
r^r.ge in Utah, and were driven to repeat the destruc
tive operation in the adjoining State. Within the last
ten days a dead line bas been established in Wyo
ming, and those who patrol it warn intruders that
death i;; the penalty for crossing it with stock. In the
sn me State thousands of animals have died in the last
month. because ovcrstDcking the free range has de
stroyed the feed and ibi stock starves and dies in its
The casualties in the range battles last year wer;
the most numerous in the history of the frontier, but
wii! be greatly exceeded this year.
It may not be complimentary to the intelligence of
the American people that they seem indifferent to
the useless destruction of the sole value of the graz
ing country, and as- a result suffer such an advance
in the price of beef tli-it it is gradually disappearing
ficm their tables. At the same time that they are
ivtfncjsing the passing of that food beyond the reach
of many purses it is proposed to tax thtm by appro
pi iatior.s in the river and harbor bill to irrigate lands
mnde increasingly arid by the wasteful policy which
h:is increased the cost of their beef supply.
Protecting the ranges by leasing them to their
users would restore thcii forage, compel 'those who
profit by it to pay fo»" its use; would restore beef
to tabics on which its <ost is making it a rarity, an 1
would furnish ample wvns to provide public irrigi
tion without further burdening the taxpayer by Con
gressional appropriation 1 :.. The question is not sec
tional to the arid region. It is a national question.
No national question is more important than one
which concerns a necessary food supply, the protec-,
tion of public property, the extension of the arei
occupied by productive agriculture,- and; the conser
vation of crder, -by substituting, law. for lawlessness
over a vast region. When these four objects can be
accomplished by one simple act of legislation there
should be intelligence enough somewhere in the
country to frame such an act and reason enough in
the Government to m?.ke it the" law.
Ir the arid West are many large Indian reservations.
They are of the same character and capacity for stock
rarges as the region in which they are located. The
Government is charge 1 with their care and preserva
tion. It is leasing the:n as ranges to stock men. The
leaseholders are restricted against overstocking, and
the destruction of the forage is thereby prevented.
The result is that the reservation ranges are con
stantly increasing in value and are real oases in the
blear desert around them, which is exactly the same
kind of land and under the same climatic conditions.
This object lesson teaches the dullest that, outside the
reservations, the same policy will produce the sams
The income. of the Icar.es on the reservations goes
to the Indians, as owncs of the domain, and may Jic
applied to irrigation \vh: n possible on their lands. It
p: elects them from the former lawless invasion cf
tiuir reservations by stock men. and puts an end to
tbe frequent combats between the invaders them-
So it will bf seen tits whole leasehold -policy, with
all its benefits, is already operated' by the Govern
ment for the benefit of the Indians.- What possihle,
reasonable, impressive objection can be made to it?
extension to the whole grazing region on the public
domain, which is the property of all the people of
BATTLE FOR THE RANGE.
BOSS CROKER, finding himself in control of
the Democratic party of' New York on the
eve of the Presidential election, did not hesi
tate to use his power t>'the uttermost for the purpose
ai crushing David Bennett Hill. Doubtless the Tam
many boss believed. he could drive Hill out of poli
tics altogether and get rid of him forever. Croker
has now an opportunity to meditate upon the vanity
of revenge and the" impolicy of hitting a man when
lie is down. Tammany is in sore straits, and Hiil,
emerging from the retirement of Wolfe'rt's Roost, has
taken to the warpath with a scalping-knife as keen as
a razor and as big as a scythe.
There was recently organized at Carnegie Hall in
New York a political faction which took to itself the
title, "The Greater New York Democracy." We learn
that the floor of the hall has a seating capacity of
1000, and every seat was occupied. Moreover, the
tiers of boxes above v wcre also filled. Nor was it a
casual gathering of idle meh brought in from . the
streets by the attractions of a brass band and the ex
pectation of hearing red-hot speeches. It was really
a notable gathering, and included some of the fore
most Democrats of the city.
From first to last it vvas a Hill meeting. Whenever
his name was mentioned it was applauded. Whenever
Croker's name was heard it was hissed. The burden
of the speeches was the necessity for reorganizing the
Democracy of New York and the overthrow of Tarn-'
many Hall. One of the principal speakers, Joseph
F. Daly, a former Justice % of the Supreme Court, 111
urging Democrats of .conscience and intelligence to
break away from Tammany, asked: "How can men
lay their heads upon their pillows after thanking God
for the purity of their homes and the innocence of
their children and forget that the political institution
they support with their votes is filling the streets with
outcasts, the penitentiary with criminals and paupers'
graves with victims — victims once as pure as the
child at its mother's knee?"
As an expression of its purpose the organization
adopted resolutions declaring Tammany Hall respon
sible for existing abuses in the administration, of city :
arfairs, that its permanent overthrow is an essential
prerequisite to the success of any attempt to secure
better local government, and pledging the organiza
tion to oppose the election of any candidates at -the
coming municipal election "nominated by the so
called Democratic city ?nd county conventions to be
held under the auspices of Tammany Hall." ;
In addition to the resolutions there was adopted an
address charging that New York is suffering from
"vile misrule and degradation," that the present city
administration has perverted the functions of munici
pal government "not only to establish a nursery and
asylum for a horde of political camp followers who
prey upon the taxpayers but to foster a system of ex
acting se«ret revenue through a loathsome covenant
with crime." j It says that under Tammany rule there
has been a tremendous increase in the municipal ex
pense's amountingHo $2S,ooo,ooo in three years, while
the real estate valuations have been increased by
$743,000,000. The address contains this sentence:
"Worse and more intolerable than this burden of
crushing taxes is the degradation/ the infamy, which
brings a sense of shame to every reputable citizen of
New York. This city, instead of shedding its luster
abroad, stands forth, to-day in glaring discredit as the
shelter and victim of the most depraved and mer
cenary government in the civilized world."
Among other things the address demands the "elec
tion of a Mayor whose conscience cannot be refrig
eiated," and; when that was read the applause was
tumultuous. Mr. Croker will take notice that David
Bennett Hill. is still alive, and kicking. " .' .
Postmaster General Smith has met the demand for
shirt waists in the torrid East by granting permission
to marl carriers to wear during the summer months
thai- form of garment, provided it be of a light gray
washable material and be worn with a turn-down col
lac, a dark tie and a near belt. So it seems the shirt
vvaistjs bound to com«. Nothing, can stop the mails.
THURSDAY. ¦.•..•.v..-:..AF.*IL 35, 1901
JOHN D. SFRECKELS, Proprietor.
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BRANCH OFFICES 527 Montgomery, corner of Clay, open
until 9:30 o'clock. 300 Hnyes. open until 9:58 o'clock. «O
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The Call does not bold itseir responsible for
the opinions pablished in this column, but
presents them for whatever value they may
have as communications of general interest.
¦ To the Editor of The Call— Dear Sir: I take
It from your recent oditoriala that you have
become an outspoken and energetic opponent of
municipal ownership ot public utilities In gen
eral and In San Francisco in particular, never
theless* the fairness with which you treat the
subject encourages me once more to trespass
upon your attention. la the communication
from me which you published on April 13
statistics were presented which show that
water supplied by municipal ownership la th«
United States averages 40 per cent cheaper
than that supplied by private corporsXions. and
that of the fifty larseat cities In the United
States only nine have private- ownership of
their water supplies.
You argua against the force of these facts
by saying that the water supplies of Chicago,
Philadelphia. New York and Beaton are bad
during portions of the year. As you know
Chicago has recently spent a yreat many mil
lions of dollars in constructing a draina**
canal by which the sewage of the city will
be diverted from Lake Michigan Into the Illi
nois River and finally to tbe Mississippi. As
soon »3 this was even partially accomplished
typhoid fever in Chicago showed a remarkable
decrease, thus proving that the sewaffe which
formerly went Into Lake Michigan and polluted
the water supply was rtlrectly responsible- for
the large number of case* ot typhoid fever la
the city. . '
Tcu say that the water supply of Philadel
phia is bad, but that ctty baa recently ap
propriated *12.00O>00O for a complete filter sys
tem to remedy the defect. ¦ We find the dues
of Chicago and Philadelphia spending million,*
of dollars to purify their water system, What
is the Sprlnar Valley Water Works doing In
San Francisco? The only one. of the ten largest
cities In the United States that Is supplied by
a prlvata corporation?
What Is the death rate in San Francisco, as
compared with Chicago. Philadelphia, N«w
York and Boston, whose water supplies you say
are bad, and what Is the rate of deatha from,
typhoid fever in thoae several cities as com
pared with San Franci3co? The Oakland En
quirer presents these figures: In San Fran
cisco the death rate Is 20.73 In each thousand
cf population: in New York It Is 13.01; la
Chicago. 13.01; In Philadelphia. 13.9«; In Boa
ton, 19.41. In San Francisco the percentage of
deaths from typhoid fever Is 2.48. while in New
York it is .082; In Chicago. 1.73: In Philadel
phia, 3.S6; In Boston. 1.4S. In other words the
death rate Is higher in San Francisco, whoea
water Is supplied by a private corporation,
than it is in those cities whose water supply
you condemn, and the death rate from typhoid
fever is likewise higher In San Francisco as
compared with the cities wnoee water supply
you condemn except In Philadelphia, and la
that city a perfect system of filtration is now
Whatever the death rate In the cttles whose
water supply you condemn may be the con
ditions are far worse in Sari Francisco, whose
water supply is controlled by a private cor
poration. If the argument is worth anything
It proves that private ownership is bad as com
pared with public ownership.
I In your editorial of April 23 you say a
municipal plant pays no taxes, therefore the
share which It should pay Is borne by other
property and Is added to the taxpayers* bur
dens. This is an argument which Mr. Symmea
advanced in the recent debate on municipal
ownership at the banquet of tbe Merchants'
Association of this city, but It is entirely
groundless. The people of the city and county
of> San Francisco pay the taxes of "the Spring
Valley Water Company at the present time.
Under private ownership it is held that the
water company is entitled to receive first its
taxes and operating expenses and then a
reasonable return upon the actual value of Its
property used In supplying water to the mu
nicipality. The Sprins Valley Water Com
pany's taxes for the coming year will be flSt*
t'CO, almost all of which will be paid in San
Francisco. Of this about one-third goes to the
State and two-thirds Into the city treasury.
Under municipal ownership the taxes paid to
the State would be saved entirely, while the
burden of the municipal taxes would remain
where It is now — on the rate-payers of the city.
'Municipal ownership therefore represents a
saving of the State taxes, and the municipal
taxes will continue to be paid by the people
vof the city.
' You also say "to put a municipal plant In
condition for comparison with one In private
or municipal ownership it must be charged
• • * with interest on the cost'ef the plant."
This is always dene, but to the disadvantage
of private ownership. The city of San Fran
cisco . can borrow monty at 3 per cent, but .
we pay the Spring Valley Water Works 5
! per cent on the value ot the . property ; henea
municipal ownership would represent a savin*;
of 2 per cent in interest. This Is one of. the
1 strongest ¦ arguments In favor of municipal
ownership of the wate;- supply of San Fran
1 You also say that the municipal plant must
"be made equal to the private plant by using
the same filtering and other devices to make
the same potable." As we have seen the death
rate is less in the citie.. under municipal owner
ship than in San Francisco and yet those
cities are using every endeavor trf benefit their
water supply by filtration and other devices.
The water used in San Francisco is not filtered. ¦
however, and there is no way that the Spring
Valley Water "Works can b» made to filter Us
supply and thus assist in lessening the largo
death rate In San Francisco and the large list
of casualties from typhoid fever.
To recapitulate: The Call argues that under
municipal ownership the large cities of th*»
country have poorer water: they lose the taxes
which private plants would pay; Interest on
the cost of public plants is not regarded, and
public plants are obliged to put in filtration
systems In order to make the water safe. A«
a matter of fact the death rate In San Fran
cisco is higher than In any of the large cities
owning their own water supplies; the death
/ate from typhoid fever Is higher in San Fran
cisco than In any large city owning Its own
water supply except Philadelphia: the State
taxes on Spring Valley Water Works would
be paved under municipal ownership and the
burden of the rnuniclnal taxes would remain
the same as at present: the city can borrow
money for 2 per cent less than we now pay
to the Spring Valley Water Company, effecting
a saving of nearly &GO.00O a year, and the
Sprinz Valley Water Works does not have
any filtration system and cannot be made to
put one In, however 'desirable - lt may be to
have our water filtered. The one way to Im
prove our water system is by municipal owner-'
ship, and under municipal ownership we could
have an unlimited supply of water from the
Sierras, than which there Is no better la tha
world. Yours truly,
CHARLES "WESLEY. RKEtX
San Francisco. April 24. 1901.
Choice candles, Townsend's, Palace Hotel*
Cal. glace fruit 50c per lb at Townsend's.*
Townsend's California glace fruits, 50c a
pound, in fire-etched boxes or Jap' bas
kets. 639 Market. Palace Hotel building.'
Special Information supplied dally . to
business houses and public men by the
Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's). 510 Mont
gomery street. Telephone Main 1042. •
¦ ? * — ___
A man has grot to love the average
woman a lot to marry her after he haa
once seen, her barefooted.
; Salting under false colors are all cheap and
poisonous domestic substitutes of TJ*. Sleg-rt's
Angostura Bitters, great South American tonic
Every woman has a sneaking- Idea that
if she had been Eve in: the Garden of
Eden she would have been good.
Consumptives Can Recover Anywhere
Heretofore it has been considered neces
sary to send the patient to the Klviera, to
the Aips, to the Black Forest, to Califor
nia or to Colorado. Many physicians
practicing at these so-called wonderful
climate cures deluded themselves into be
lieving their particular climate necessary.
The time is nearly past, however, when
the climate enthusiast will have the tem
erity to rise in a medical meeting and
proclaim any one section the sole place
m which consumptives can recover, and
tho sooner the poor consumptive knows
this the better for him and his family,
and, too, for his community. I know that
the arid . West, that high mesa land
stretching for hundreds of miles through
Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, a small
strip of Western Texas, and away into
old Mexico, is undoubtedly the best for
the average consumptive, but the poor
man cannot go to health resorts, nor. can
he well change his environment. Just
think of the good that would result not
alone to the individual, but to society at
large, if such a person could only know
and have faith to believe that.it is possi
ble for him to recover in his own city,
be that in Maine or Oregon, California or
Florida, Louisiana or Ohio. I say, possi
ble to recover, and it must be thoroughly
understood that what is claimed is that
he can .recover, if he will faithfully live
in the open air— in sleet, snow, wind or
rain — yes, even in the fogs around Lon
I firmly believe that if the diagnosis is
made early, in the first stage, and /the
patients are sent constantly into the open
air in all kinds of weather, a large per
centage, over half anyway, will be per
manently cured, while many other cases
will be arrested. No one must be misled
by this statement. The diagnosis must
bo early. The patient must know his con
dition-before he has been run down by
fever and has lost his appetite, strength
and weight. Whenever one. has a cough
with expectoration and his . cough • lasts
longer than a few" days his case requires
ihe immediate care of a competent physi
cian. It is in such cases that a patient
may and probably will recover by tbe
• outdoor treatment, no matter in what city
ho stays. If the case has advanced be
yond the first' stage it is possible to ar
rest it and, in a few Instances, cure it
without the necessity of going away from
home. . - ¦.¦ •"
Patients That Have Recovered.
What I say must be accepted as a firm
conviction and as free from special in
terest in any locality, for the changes in
the Government service have taken me
into ¦ nearly every section of the United
States. In all these places I saw the con
sumptive sailor because I had to, for he
was my patient. I also made It a point
to see the native consumptive in his home'
and in his • hospital. I know of consump
tives who are still living after ten, fifteen,
twenty and in one case forty years of
suffering and struggle in unfavorable cli
mates. . These, however, were- persons
with indomitable will power. I know
cases which have recovered in Chicago
and St. Louis. .
'¦ From a time in the remote past con
sumptives have died by hundreds of thou
sands every year. Great men and women
and even kings have given their lives to
the study of the disease, and this slow
but steady evolution from the mere
physic-giver to the seeker after cause and
effect haa brought about a united move
ment among medical men throughout the
world. The result proves againthat when
once the composite medical mind becomes
fixed upon what is thought to be a right
principle, something wonderful must hap
pen for the benefit of mankind. The med
ical man has said that the filthy.tene
ment death traps, which are breeders of
tuberculosis, must go; - that the spitting
nuisance must cease and that' con
sumption must be stamped out. Already
hundreds of old buildings in London, Ber
lin, Paris, Philadelphia and New York,
which were known to be badly infected
with tuberculosis, have been pulled down
and replaced with good buildings, because
of the nressure brought to bear on mu
nicipal authorities to remedy the evil.
The movement for the better housing x>t
the poor has spread over the entire, world,
even to Japan. It has been shown that
in nearly the same proportion as the poor
are housed In well lighted and well ven
tilated quarters, where there is abundanc?
of fresh air and life-giving: sunshine, does
the percentage of deaths -from consump
tion drop off. This is not hard to under
stand, if one will but recall that domestic
animals do not thrive in the dark and
dampness, s ;¦•..>/.".-¦¦?
Need of Awakened Public Sentiment.
It is estimated that 120,000 people die in
the United States every year from con
sumption. ' If the same number of persons
who died last year in any American city
from consumption were to die In that city
next year from - smallpox, yellow fever,
cholera or plague panic would follow. Let
me put this a " little more forcibly. In
the home of yellow fever, whence we de
rive nearly all our epidemics, viz., Ha
vana, a thousand inhabitants died of yel
low fever from 1890 to 1894. To combat
this it cost the United States many thou
sands of dollars annually to keep a corps
of marine hospital officers, with their
thorough equipment, always at work in
preventing panic in the United States.
Bear In' mind the horror occasioned, by
yellow fever and then make a mental note
of this: In this same city of Havana, in
the same years— 1890-1894— there were 7000
deaths from consumption. . Yet the public
remains indifferent to the" insidious'dan
gers of tuberculosis. Zc.is high time that
such ruthless annual slaughter sutruld
cease. There are many reasons for this
condition, some of which are not yet fully
understood, t even by the .-medical profes
sion, but for our purpose we may say that
it is mainly due to the fact that the aver
age man is careless in the habit of spit
ting—careless everywhere; in the club, in
the street cars. In the railway station. ! '
To try to check, the "spread of the dis
ease .societies have been formed .which,
with State, municipal and philanthropic
donations, have built sanatoria and in-"
duced : hundreds 'to go to • these places,
where they are taught how to cure them- |
selves and prevent the spread of the tils- !
ease to others. The city of Chicago early
undertook.. to care for. the consumptive
poor ¦ in better auarters than the county
hospital by erecting buildings especially
for: this disease at Dunning. For many
years Thiladelphia has cared for many
sufferers from this malady and there are'
hundreds of men and. women now earning
a living in .that city who have recovered I
or had the disease arrested' in places of I
fresh-air treatment right In3ide the city
limits. With these home sanatoria in one's
own city or near- by -many, homes have
been kept intact -and the family earnings
have gone on; If every good citizen would
begin at once to talk for more light, more
air, more sunshine, better housing of the
poor. and the immediate, care- of the-con
sumptive in sanatoria laws could soon be
enacted which .would restore to every man
his birthright of fresh air and sunshine.
Much of the iWhitechapel district of Lori-
Frcm time immemorial it has been
known that consumptives get well in cer
tain climates. In those long-ago days, an
equable climate, such as Italy possesses,
was considered necessary. Of course, we
now know that warm climates are not
absolutely essential to a. cure, and yet it
was because of this very belief that cli
mate-cure .came to be well known before
the present time. In" a ¦warm climate, the
consumptive could be out of doors "all the
time" without discomfort, and he very
soon learned that this was best for him,
thus being misled into the belief that that
particular place and climate had some
miraculous power to recuperate his fail
ing health. Camping expeditions, long
voyages 'in open boats, and other out-of
door exercises, helped to raise the ques
tion to a scientific level. The greatest
drawback in, the light against "the great
white plague," tuberculosis, has been the
fact that the niedical profession, as well
as the laity, believed superstltiously in the
fetich of a certain "place which alone had
wonderful powers to heal.
PASSED ASSISTANT SURGEON UNITED STATES MARINE HOSPITAL
PAPERS ON CURRENT TOPICS.
Prepared by Experts, and. Specialists for
The San Francisco Call.
What Science Has Done in American Com
munities to Cure Consumptives and
Eradicate a Dread Disease.
By.J. O. Oobb, l^L. 3D.,
X.— EFFECT OF CLIMATE,
don has been pulled down and if the law
could be made to reach- this, the vileat
tenement section In the world, there is
still hope for every city.
Proper Sanatorium Treatment.
In all parts of the country the sanato
rium treatment of consumption is now be
ing considered. These sanatoria are noth
ing more nor less than specially construct
ed houses situated in as favorable local
ities as the environs afford. Here one can
go and live under rigid rules. No claims
are made for any specific benefits except
those derived from fresh air, good, whole
some food and close adherence to the dis
cipline of the place. The patient very soon
learns one thing which aids him material
ly. He learns that many consumptives
recover and that the uatients soon make
ligrht of their troubles and try to help in
every way to regain health. They learn
to keep Quiet when their temperature
ranges above the normal or below it: how
to take chest gymnastics, to aid in ex
panding the diseased and restricted lungs;
how to eat slowly and chew the food well;
how to keep cheerful and not to fret.
Most of all, they learn to toughen them
selves to prevent catching cold and to get
along without being coddled by overanx-
ioua relatives and friends.
I wonder if the consumptive knows now
much good he is doing the community by
going to one of these places? By leaving
his, home he ceases to be a most serious
menace to his own relatives and is indi
rectly benefiting the community at large.
By example he is. aiding in the advance
of sanitary knowledge.
A Great Movetoent Well Under "Way.
In just fifty years' time the sanatorium
movement has received an Impetus that
cannot and must, not be checked. Started
on a small scale at Gorbersdorf by the
illustrious Brehmer, aided by some trust
ing and philanthropic friends, the plan lias
been adopted in nearly every civilized
land. To-day there are hundreds of such
places scattered here and there in Eu
rope, the Americas and Japan.
¦ Tuberculosis has spared the rich very
little less than the poor and monev has
lately been forthcoming in enormous sums
for the better care of the consumptive.
The movement is thus not alone due to
philanthropy, but Is one of self-preserva
tion. Of all the gifts in the name of suf
fering humanity I cannot conceive of one
more humane or one indicating more,
sound judgment than the erection of a
sanatorium for the care of the consump
tive poor in one's own community. The
folly of this age of philanthropy lies in
the erection of monster buildings for hos
pitals. The consumptive does not need a
hospital. He needs to be helped into the
open ' air and guided and directed in his
treatment by some one who is thoroughly
acquainted with' all the routine of this
method of cure.
Arid Climate Is Desirable. .
There is another side of this question,
that cannot be ignored— viz. : That favor
able climates are desirable, and many
times more beneficial than those places
which we have spoken of above. It is^
useless for medical men in the East to
decry the advantage of the arid West,
and by the arid West I mean Colorado,
Arizona, New. Mexico, a small strip of
Texas near El Paso and the mesa lands
of Old Mexico.. I have seen the consump
tive in nearly every portion of the United
States, and I am sincere in saying that
I. have seen the, mest astonishing results
in this country with some patients, both
in acute 'and In old cases: The improve*
ment was so rapid in some instances that
I would not have believed it if I had not
seen it. I have nothing but a passing in
terest in this western country, but as one
interested only in what is the very best
lor the consumptive, I say to the person
with means: Go to some point in Colo
rado. Arizona, -New Mexico, El Paso or
Old Mexico, just as soon as your disease
is discovered. E>o not be misled by ex
travagant advertisements, for one place
is as coodas another in the sections
named, in so far as climate is concerned.
Do not wait, do not take chances, but go
at once, and, as all patients are benefited
by change of environment, 1 one is more
apt to receive the greatest benefits in the
arid region by going there early. If he
does go under these conditions I believe
that I am safe in saying that he has over
80 per cent of chances for his permanent
recovery. No patient, however, should!
come to this country without the advice
of a physician. There are certain condi
tions—well known to medical men, which
would prevent one's coming here.
• Best Place for Consumptives.
If you are able physically and have the
money, there are many places where one
may go and. live comfortably. Of course
Denver and Colorado Springs have the
greatest reputations and most liberal ac
commodations, but scattered throughout
Colorado are many smaller towns where
there are good hotels. Coming south,
there are Las Vegas, Albuquerque, Phoe
nix, Tucson and El Paso, with good hotels
which have been recently improved. There
are many smaller places to which the con
sumptive may go, but in many of them
the food and rooms are poor.
These smaller towns have Just as good
climate as the larger ones, the only dif
ference, so far as the consumptive Is con
cerned, being the lack of accommodations
In the small places. At first it may be
better for one to go to some one of the
larger cities just mentioned and then
change to a smaller town if desired. But
whatever place is chosen, whether in this
almost boundless west or near one's own
home city," let this advice guide you as
the cloud by day and the pillar of flre
by night: Come what may, discourage
ments, backsets, or even hemorrhages, re
solve that you will live steadfastly in the
open air. t '.
1— HERE is growing a great pressure in the South
for the seizure of Cuba. The spirit of Buchanan,
Mason and Slideli, as uttered in the brutal Os
tend manifesto, is abrcad in that section' and >th=
Democratic supporters of Bryan are possessed by it.
it is known that almost all the Democratic Senators
were in 1S98 Cuban- ar-hexationi'sts, and now . they
covertly favor taking the island. The most earnest
arguments in favor of that step appear in the South
ern prcs3. The "solemn duty" part is left to Major
Henry Watterson of the Louisville Courier-Journal. .
.Henry has an inventive imagination. He invented
the Gold Democracy in 1896, and then invented a
reason for going into the Bryan camp in 1900. He
is now inventing reasons for taking Cuba. He ladles
out sentimental loblolly 1 - on that subject as generously
as the stills of his State run bourbon.
He seems never to have heard of the declaration of
war, and if he know of our pledge of abstention from
the sovereignty of Cuba regards it with fides Punka,
and as a very proper promise to be broken. Through
out the South there are many who follow this lead,
and if Cuba hold out until 1904, and the Democratic
party, controlled by the South, get power, Cuba* will
be gobbled with the joyous alacrity and appetite
shown by the python when it swallows a cassowary,
regardless of the consent of the cassowary.
•Mr. Watterson recently proclaimed the unalterable
union of destiny between the United States and Cuba,
the same being closer than that between pie and its
crust or sausage and irs case. He said: "The inter
ests of the United States and Cuba are inseparable
The' island must prosper as we prosper, and we must
suffer with it through- maladministration and neglect.
The Cubans are realizing this, and it is not surprising
that the saner minds among them look upon annexa
tion as the perfection of their government."
Upon such rot is faithlessness fed. Cuba has about
as much influence up.on our destiny as a fly on
a steer's horn has upon the export of beef. It is a bit
c: Wattcrsonian grandiloquence, which passes for pro
fbundity in a State where they rotten-egg Carlisle and
make Joe Blackburn Senator.
Cuba affects us. as much and no more than Hayti,
San Domingo, Jamaica and the Carib Keys. The
idea that this great country, capable of producing all
that it consumes and having a surplus large enough to
fr-ed and clothe the world, must suffer whenever a
flea-bitten and fever-plagued island in the tropics has
a fever of revolution or a spasm of murder is pre
We join Mexico, with no ninety miles "of water be
tween us. Mexico has chilled and fevered, hungered
and fed, had all colors of fever, and epidemics of
brigandage and vomito, with no effect on our pulse"
or temperature. Canada has had rebellions, reverses
and upsets of all kinds, while we have kept our head
cool and feet warm through it all. .
Major Watterson's hysterical howl ii the worst case
of the tail wagging the dog that has been proposed.
If there is no better reason for the policy of lying and
stealing in the case of Cuba it would be better to give
none ai all. \* .•.•¦'•' '•• "',* .-'.:¦
In truth it makes but little • difference to us who
governs Cuba, or how. . W.e, are far more interested
in a decline of the census of murder in Kentucky, for
that is an 'American Srate, though it has Corsican
manners. When it is safe for men to go out after
dark in Kentucky Vithout wearing
clothes it will be. time to fret about the disorders and
the destiny of islands where the water, .land and air
are poison, and the fleas' and . mosquitoes spread
cholera and yellow fever. . . . ;
State to the nearest of the four houses of detention,
with a commitment paper that will be' evidence against
him if. he goes elsewhere as a tramp. . The house of
detention would act as an employment bureau, finding
places for. nferi when 'it, and giving them useful work
while waiting. To it the employers of labor in the
country round might learn to come, as they have for
years to the office .of the Boston Industrial Aid So
ciety. The. almshouse. taint and the penal institution
features should be studiously avoided."
The simultaneous decline of vagrancy in Great
Britain at a time of something like industrial depres
sion, with a notable increase in New England during
a period of general prosperity, affords a very inter
esting problem for sociologists to study out: Possibly
the explanation is to be found in some method of
treating tramps in British workhouses that/ inclines
them to keep away. If so it might be well for Mas
sachusetts to apply for the recipe.
THE SAN FEAlSCISCq CAIL, THURSDAY, APRIL 25, 1901.
San fienito County and
Santa Clara County.
$1.00 BUYS TWO SHARES,
¦ ONE IN EACH. MINE.
PAR VALUE n 00 PER SHARE.
Property well developed and thousands ot
tons of ore in sight. Material for our first ten-
ton furnace ordered and on its way to tha
We will be actually Producing
Quicksilver* in two months.
SEEING IS BELIEVING.
You can easily see our property. On, •,„
an^twenty minute, to San Jose. . nine m?lei^ y
, Let us ihow you these mines and Judge for
yourself. ' Ui " * or
• , , H. R. BRADFORD
Pre9 T d £ nt w an ? Gen *"«l Manager.
7 >,. Market street. Saa Jose
,« r0SI ££ tl i 8 and a " ln 'o«natlon at branch
office. 209 Sansome street. San Francisco *
H. U COFFIN and P. DE FREITAS
Call «nb*erlberi contemplating a. cbansre of
renfclrsice dnrlnK the KOromrr montbi cim harn
tltrir paper forwarded by mall to their new
¦d<lresft*s liy notifying: The Call Bntlnes* Office.
Till* pftf.or vrill also be on anle at all inmmer
resorts and Is represented by a loeal aeent In
all towns en the coast.
TO SUBSCRIBERS LEAYING TOWH FOR THE SUMMER.
TivoIi-'Tbe Idol's Eye."
Alcazar — "The Conquerors."
Grand Opera-houFe— -'Under Two Flags."
California— "The Evil Eye."
Central— "A Fair Hebel."
Olyrnpia, corner Mason and Eddy Btreets — Specialties.
Chutop. Zoo and Theater— Vaudeville «verj- afternoon and
Titc her' ?— Vaudeville.
Meircpo'.ltan Hall— Lectures Saturday afternoon and even-
Recitation Park— Baseball.
Tanft>ran Park— Races.