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Shake Into Your Shoes
Allen' «Foot-Eaae,a powder. Itmakes tlghtornew
«hces feel ea»y. Cures Corns, Bunions, Swollen
Tired. Sweatlng.Achlng feet. 10,000 testimonials'
At all druggists and shoe stores. 25c Ask to-day.
Dr. Sanford's Liver Invigorator.
BestLlver Medicine. VegetableCurefor Liver Ilia
Blllousneaa. Indigestion. Constipation. Malaria.*
To. rebuild wasted tissue and fortify •y.tenx
against sudden changes of fall and winter, doc
tori recommend Dr.SIegert's Angostura Bitter*.
Low Bates and Fast Time to tha Fan-
Hound-trip rate to Buffalo. t87. Time of tha
Union Pacific Railroad, three and a naif days.
Tickets on iale at all offices of th« Southern
Pacific and Union Pacific Railroad companies.
D. W. Hitchcock, neneral agent. 1 Montgomery
•treet, San Francisco.
Queensland. Australia. Is twelve times
larger than England, • with a population
about equal to Birmingham. . .• .• .
Special Information supplied dally to
business houses and public men by the
Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's). 510 Mont
gomerr street. Telephone Main 1042. •
Townsend's California glace fruits. 50c»a
pound, in fire-etched boxes or Jap bas
kets. 639 Market. Palace Hotel building.*
Dinks— Well, the question would natur
ally arise if, after a person dies, he can
be considered, a guest.— Yonkers States
man/ i *4-n?sp^£*$& -^ - Jt £%7^cc^$2G? w^^£8tfc*ti$3il*^T*%*'
- Blnks— I see • that In "seme Swiss hotels
a fixed charge of $200 is made In the case
of the death 'of a guest. .
"Your friend Is no match for the Count
when It comes to a duel."
'.'And • why not, pray ?V *"- •
. "He hasn't the same command of lan
Egbert— Certainly, ,1 do. I know he
never wore one; he only, sold them.—Yon
kers Statesman. .
Bacon— Do you , know ¦ anything about
the original shirt waist man?
He (boldly)— Do you think two can live
as cheaply as one?
She (blushing)— Yes, I do.
"Let's not become one, then."— Yonkers
Bacon— What are points on the races we
read so much about?
Egbert— Why. the points are the things
•which the fellows get stuck on.— Yonkers
Statesman. ;'.' ...
Patience— What Is the sign when a man
kisses a girl on the forehead?
Patrice— I should say It was a sign that
he was 1 rattled.— Yonkers Statesman.
"I think It safe to say," remarked the
observer of events and things, "that there
will not be much change In the ¦ spring
style of hand organs."— Yonkers' States
"Where did you first see the light of
day?" Inquired the city man of tho farm
"In the East," quietly replied the bu
colic citizen.— Yonkers Statesman.
A CHAMXJE TO SMTLE.
Cal. glace fruit 50c per 1b at Townsend's.*
Choice candles, Townsend'a^Palace Hotel*
OUR FRUIT IN EUROPE.
VOICES from Europe complaining of the effects
of American competition have become com
monplaces, but none the less they, are interest
ing. Each successive repetition is but another assur
ance of the expanding market for our products and
another stimulus to further enterprise. It is there
fore worth noting that in addition to the complaints
so frequently heard from Great Britain, France, Ger
many and Austria, there comes now a complaint from
Spain, coupled with a warning to the Spanish .people
that they must improve in their methods of doing
business or they will lose altogether a trade that in the
past has been highly profitable to them.
The Spanish complaint is of especial interest '• to
Californians because it refers to the fruit trade • in
Europe, and notes our advance in markets which
have hitherto relied largely upon Spanish gardens,
orchards and vineyards for their supplies. It occurs
in an article recently published in a Valencia paper,
a translation of which has been furnished by Consul
Bartleman of that city to the -State Department.
After pointing out that there has been a heavy
diminution of Spanish exports of wines, oil, fruit and
vegetables to France, Great Britain and Germany,
and noting that the competing supplies are drawn
from California, the paper says: "It is ridiculous to
think that fruits and vegetables' raised on the slopes
of the distant .Pacific should compete at the very
doors of Spain with those produced in this country,
yet the fact is undeniable. How is the mystery ex
plained? It is simply this:, Spain sends her fruit and
vegetables in the worst possible condition, so far as
packing and transportation are concerned; piled on
wretched railway cars, exposed to sun and rain, and
reaching. Paris from fourteen to seventeen days after
their departure from Valencia; .while the Califor
nians offer their fruit in the same fine condition in
which it is picked from the trees. ? * * Shall we
live to see the American oranges competing with ours
in the Valencia market itself?"
From the tenor of the complaint it appears that
American commercial competition may, teach Spain
as much in, the way of advanced business methods as
our navy taught her of the art of war." Moreover, in
these days when Americans are so loud in" complaints
of the railway service of the country it is worth noting
this evidence of its' vast superiority' over that of one
at' least of our European rivals. \ Evidently in our
transportation facilities we have, more to brag of than
to complain of, since, it is by rrfeans of them that we
may yet succeed in selling California oranges in the
markets of Valencia itself. .
BRITISH PRESS ON CARNEGIE.
THE British press is just now busy at baiting
Andrew Carnegie. The Scotch universities
were poverty stricken. They found themselves
long on reputation, but short on funds, apparatus,
laboratories and the muniments which are needful to
a modern university. The reputation of Adam Smith
and Kit North is a valuable asset. A long line of
Lords Rector, bejeweied with the names of Carlyle,
Disraeli and Gladstone, is a good thing to have, but
none of these supplied the place of the facilities de
manded for tbe teaching of modern science and the
payment of adequate salaries to a faculty.
Andrew Carnegie had the good luck, for Scotland,
to be born in the land o* cakes, and the good luck
also, for himself and the world, to be reared in the
United. States. He has made a fortune too large for
his own use. Indeed he regards it as an incumbrance,
and whether he is an agnostic, as charged, or a be
liever in the plan of salvation as counter-charged, he
has scruples against flying rich. He has therefore a
pardonable desire to indulge in the distribution of his
estate ante-mortem, and a hope that the probate
court may be left free to distribute the estates of
poorer men so promptly that they will not go to the
Observing the distressed condition of the Scotch
universities he produced his check book and prepared
to draw one for the trifle of $10,000,000 of lucre,
which those institutions require to put them on their
scholastic legs again.
The British press regards this as an insult to the
whole nation and a bruising blow to Scottish pride.
Therefore it advises the universities to refuse the gift,
and reminds the Scottish lairds" that their pride will
not permit them to send their sons to drink of the
Pierian spring made affluent by an "ironmonger's
purse." The. result is awaited with interest in the
British Isles and also in this country. Scotland is
not afraid of ironmongers or other people who have
had to work for a living or acquire fortunes in trade.
Scotch genius has not been born in the purple.
Burns was a plowboy, and never knew any better way
of getting bread than out of the soil. James Hogg
was a sheep herder, and as for Carlyle, he was born
to poverty, and had plenty of it in stock even after
his pen had made him famous. MacQueen was ' a
Paisley weaver, and Wilson was a country editor.'.
But the London papers complain that the United
States is becoming the owner of the world's capital
and is in danger of buying up .the whole kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland, universities and all. Per
haps that is the real Tub. If Andrew Carnegie should
use his money to stimulate general education in Great
Britain Darby and Joan might take a notion to dis
place some of the existing ruling classes and change
places with them.* If this country is becoming the
owner of the world's capital it must be because of the
opportunity furnished by our political institutions.
Europe was a new country a long; time back, and in
the day of her adolescence probably roused the same
feeling in the older East that she now feels toward the
bumptious, rich and pushing New World.
In the latest number of the Commoner, Bryan say's:
'The principal value of education lies in the fact that
it disciplines the mind, enlarges the horizon, and en
ables one to view jnen and things in their proper re
lations." Since Bryan has such a clear perception of
that truth, the wonder will be greater than ever that
he doesn't go somewhere and get an education.
'. The Wisconsin Legislature has undertaken to im
pose a tax of 10 cents a ton on all ice .-taken from /the
lakes of the State and exported; and while the'act
is apparently unconstitutional,, since it ?.i*s 'a tax, on
interstate commerce,-; the enactment. of it is' an illus
tration-of how important a product ice has become
to the Eastern States and how eagerly each one is
striving to conserve its supply for home use.
New 'England' is advertising abandoned farms and
Kansas and Nebraska are advertising for farmhands,
so people who wish' land or: wish work; arid cannot
afford to come. to California, know; just whereto go;
; Mr/ J. Ham Lewis i says' the Democratic ticket in
1904 will be. Hill and Johnson; and; now 'Mr.- Bryan
doesn't' know whether to put the accent in Mr. Lewis'
name on the J or the Ham. v"-. •
INDIA AND HER INDUSTRIES.
WE have heard much of late concerning the
effect of American competition upon the in
dustries of Europe, and now British India
comes forward with complaints. It appears that our
enterprise has seriously interfered with several of the
greater industries of the East Indian people, and par
ticularly with that of the tanners. Tanned skins and
hides have long constituted one of the chief exports
of Madras, but of late the raw skins and hides have
been shipped to the United States and the tanners
have been nearly driven out of business. A memorial
was recently presented to the Indian Government
asking" that an export duty be imposed upon the raw.
material so as to check the effects of our competition.
That complaint is the more interesting because
there have been complaints in Great Britain of the
disastrous effects of Indian competition upon British
industries. In a recent lecture in London Sir Richard
Temple, one of the leading authorities on India, said
Indian manufactures of various goods are supplanting
the products of British factories to a very large ex
tent, and that machinery is working a revolution in
the industrial relations between Great Britain and the
• A summary of his address given by the London
Chronicle reports him as having said that not many
years ago most of the jute crop of Bengal was sent
to Dundee and other manufacturing centers of the
British Islands, but now capitalists have established
factories in. Bengal, and last -year they ex
ported manufactured jute goods to the value
of more than $20,000,000. The progress of cot
ton manufacturing has been - yet more remark
able, ;for within the last twenty years the cot
ton spindles of India have increased 221 per cent and
the looms 189 per cent. Last year they manufactured
1,641,000 bales of raw cotton. It iss added: "India
does not yet manufacture the finer grades of cotton
goods, but her. coarse fabrics are becoming more and
more popular in markets where she has the special
advantage of comparative proximity. Thus she is now
selling $15,000,000 worth of coarse cottons, most of
them in Mozambique, Zanzibar and: Aden, whence
they are distributed in East Africa. Her trade in these
goods is also growingin Abyssinia, Ceylon, Turkey
and the Strait Settlements. Her increasing product
of cotton fabrics enables the home industry to keep
pace with the growing demand both in India and
foreign- markets." . , • ,
The apparent conflict- between the demand of the
Madras tanners for^protection and the ability of the
Bengal jute and cotton manufacturers to defy
competition shows in what seemingly contrary
ways the streams of trade and commerce run.
The explanation is probably the^simple ' one
When one professor at Chicago University said that
Rockefeller is greater than Shakespeare, and another
said in his classroom that he had never kissed a girl in
his life, the offenses were pardonable; but now that
a third has declared no sensible man will marry a col
lege-bred woman it is time for Harper to make a clean
As an illustration of the general policy
of the Ceylon Government toward the na
tives It Is Interesting to note that in the
last thirty years free grants of 40,000 acres
of land have been made, after due in
quiry, to the people, while a large extent
has been granted at half value and u still
larger area of clearly proved "encroach-,
ments" has been transferred at a moder
But while Ceylon undoubtedly owes vi«ry
much to the fostering care of the British
officials and to the enterprise of the Euro
pean community generally. The "energy,
ability and real grit" of the 3,000,000 native
inhabitants of the island have n roved be
yond all question that, whether it oe in
the learned professions, in the civil der
vice or in trade — in all ranks and In all
classes — the native can ."not only imitate
but emulate the skill and the attainments
of the European colonist."
As regards education t>ie natives of Cey
lon owe a great debt of gratitude to the
various missionary bodies which, since
1814, have been at work among them. It
was they who grave the first impetus to
the Instruction of the people; It was not
until the '70s that the Government, under
Sir Hercules Robinson, gave any official
encouragement to education. Now, in
making liberal grants for public instruc
tion the Government of Ceylon pays spe
cial attention to technical and industrial
training, one very noticeable result of
which is to be seen In the great improve
ment in ¦ appearance of the Cingalese
youth, especially in the towns, under the
Influence of Western instruction ond ath
letic training, while the expenditure of
public money in training and maintains
a volunteer Infantry has not only provid
ed a valuable means of supplementary
defense but has gone far to improve the
physique and bearing of the young men
of the' country.
In Behalf of Education.
What the British Government has done
In Ceylon, says John Ferguson, editor of
the Ceylon Observer, perhaps the greatest
living authority on the subject — in medical
treatment, hospitals, asylums and dispen
saries, in enforcing sanitary regulations,
and by the provision of a water supply in
the chief towns, is beyond all praise. No
native ruler In Oriental history has any
record of the kind to show and no feature
of the British administration is more ac
ceptable to the natives than the generous
provision thus made for the treatment of
their sick and suffering. Moreover, to the
prompt and effective measures taken by
the Government, no doubt, may De traced
the immunity, of. Ceylon from the plague.
members of the royal family who visited
the Island in 1870, 1875 and 1881. and again
by their particioation in the jubilee cele
brations in 1SS7 and 1897: while that none
Is more ready than the first of the crown
colonies to make sacrifices In any time of
the empire's need is proved not only by
recent . offer of the Governor. Sir West
Ridgreway of the British regim«nt quar
tered in Ceylon for service in South Af
rica, but still more by their raisins: and
equipping a native body of Ceylon horse,
which 'has been, honored by the bestowal
of the "Victoria cross upon one of its little
company. . - "
For. administrative purposes Ceylon is
divided into eight provinces, each under a
Government agent. First in population
comes, the western, province, in which Co
lombo ; Is. and always . has . been, the chief
locale of the '. Europeans : on the island.
In addition to being the seat of govern-
The revenue Is derived mainly from the
railways, which are the property of the
Government, custom?), • licenses and
gtamps, an well as from the duty on im
ported rice and the salt monopoly,' both
of which directly touch the natives. In
the last decade, consequent upon the
rapid extension in the cultivation by na
tives and Europeans of the cocoanut and
other palms, additional activity in plum
bago, etc., and the striking development
of, the : great planting j enterprise, chiefly
in the ; hands of the colonists, of cacao
and cardamoms, but, above all. of tea,
there has been a marked advance In the
trade and revenue of the Island. In the
case of tea. the export trade, which began
in 1873 with twenty-three . pounds, has
grown in less than thirty years to the
gigantic dimensions of 125,000,000 pounds.
In the early days of British .rule the
annual imports amounted to about $1,250.
0C0; they are now about $22,500,000. .Dur
ing the same period the revenue has risen
from i Jl.130,000 to about $7,500,000. The
shipping entered and cleared in the course
of the i year, amounts to nearly - 6,000.000
tons, . as against . 75,000 tons In the early
part of the last" century. The silver rupee
is current In the colony. , ¦
Sources of the Bevenue.
The administration of the law is vested
in a Supreme Court,' consisting of a chief
Justice and two puisne Judges, and by dis
trict judges and police magistrates, many
of the natives holding lesser judicial of
The executive and administrative power
is in the hands of the Governor and six
official members, all British; while the
Legislative Council consists of the Gov
ernor with ten official and eight unofficial
members, the latter being nominated by
the Governor after consulting the various
public bodies and opinions; three of them
are Europeans, representing respectively
the planters, the merchants and the gen
eral European community; of the remain
ing five two are Cingalese, one is a Tamil,
the fourth represents the Moorsmen and
the fifth is a burgher or Eurasian. Thus,
while there is no pretense of a popular
elective government,' an attempt is made
to afford some degree of representation
in the Legislature to all the different sec
tions and interests of the inhabitants.
Within an area of 25,365 square mile3
dwells a population of close upon. 3,500,000,
of whom 2,500,000 are native Cingalese, 91
per cent being Buddhists and the re
mainder Christians. The Tamils number
900,000; the Moorsmen— half Arab, half
Tamil — who are Mohammedans, and who
are, as they always have been, the trad
ers of the island, number, together with
the Malays, Veddahs and various other
races, 200,000; the burghers,' including
those of pure Dutch descent, * as well as
Eurasians, who are almost all Christians,
are only about 25,000, but their small
numerical strength is no measure of their
great importance as a class. Of European
colonists there are barely 6500.
Elements of the Population.
climate and of rainfall; consequently the
products also are various., But though
the soil is rich there is no good natural
water communication, the rivers of Cey
lon being of but little use for navigation
or for storage. In olden days this want
was partially met by canals and 'reser
voirs constructed under the authority of
the native kings; but in later times of
trouble and invasion these channels and
tanks were allowed to go to ruin, and It
is only in comparatively recent years that
the Government has applied itself .to the
task of restoring them. . . .
Ceylon from time immemorial has been
famed for its gems— catseyes, sapphires,
rubles and other precious stones: The
pearl fishery, too, on the west coast, is
from time to time a valuable source of
revenue; and the salt monopoly in the
northwestern and southern provinces
yields a steady income to the Govern
ment. Plumbago is an important feature
in its mineral products, being exported
largely for the making of crucibles and
lead-pencils. • .. * ¦ . , . . ,
Attracted by the peculiarly healthful
climate, the beauty of the country and
the suitability of the soil, large numbers
of colonists from Great Britain made
their way to the up-country districts
sixty years ago to take advantage of the
great opportunities offered by the already
established coffee-planting industry,
which, in spite of a speedy and serious
check, soon recovered Itself and for some
years returned a rich reward for their in
vested capital and labor. But from 1880
onward first the "coffee bug" and then
the "leaf mold" proved so disastrous that
very many who had risked their fortunes
on coffee abandoned its cultivation. With
characteristic British "pluck," they root
ed, up acres upon acres of : their planta
tions, preferring all the risk of a new en
terprise to what appeared to be inevitable
ruin. Hence sprang that great cultiva
tion which has caused Ceylon tea to be
come a household word throughout the
GERMAN MILITARY SERVICE-C.
O., City. The United States Joes not pro
tect any of its naturalized citizens as
against an obligation they owe to tho
country of birth. For instance, if a man
leaves Germany before he has performed
military duty he is bound, notwithstand
ing the fact that after leavtns Gennanv
he became a citizen of the United States.
He owes the service to the country of hi3
birth and if he returns to that country he
will have to perform that duty. Bv cour
tesy of the German Government. In time
of peace any of its subjects who have not
performed military duty and have become
citizens of the United States may visit
Germany for a period of not more than
four months and be free from molesta
tion, but if that limit of time is exceeded
the Government may come forward and
claim the service In the army.
TURQUOISE— A. S., City. The tur
quoise, so far as known, was first dis
covered in the vicinity of Nlshapoor, in
the province of Khorassan, Persia, where
for centuries it was found in small velng
in a clay state. Large quantities have
been found in Egypt. The gem is also
found in Los Corrillos, Isew Mex.; in Tur
quoise, in Mount Cohise County, Ariz.;
I- Mineral Park, Mohave County: near
Columbus. Nev.; near Holy Cross Moun
tain Colorado, and on Taylor's ranch, ln>
Fresno County, California. Any reliable
Jeweler can procure any of the gems you
might desire. This department cannot
give- the names of those who deal in such
at tbe places named.
A WII^L— Subscriber, City. If an attor
ney draws up a will for a client and re
tains it in his possession at the request of
the maker of the will and by some chanco
the attorney and the maker of the will
should die about the same time the will,
in all probability, would be found among
the papers of the lawyer and a proper dis
position would be made of the same. The
law provides that any one having posses
sion of the will of another shall present
the same to the probate department of
the Superior Court within a stated timo
af'er death of the maker, and In such a
case it would be presented by the execu
tor of the estate of the attorney.
PATENTS— B., Stent, Cal. A patented
article is one that the inventor, his heirs
or assigns, have the use or control of for
a limited time. A proprietary article is
one that an individual has or individuals
have the exclusive right to use. as. for
instance, a proprietary medicine. Copy
right gives tha holder of the copyright
certain exclusive rights for a limited time.
An individual cannot peddle anything
that is patented, copyrighted or Is a pro
prietary article in California without
having a peddler's license. If he Is a
drummer, he may sell such goods by sam
ple without having to take out a license.
IN INDIANA— "W. B., Newman, Cal. It
a man dies intestate in Indiana and ho
leaves a widow but no children, If neither
father nor mother is living the entire es
tate goes to the widow; if the father or
mother of the decedent or both of them
are living, then only three-fourth3 of the
estate goes to the widow.
TRANSFER OF DEED— G. J., City. If
you are heir to certain property in Mexico
and wish to obtain your rights thereto
you will have to proceed according to tn&
laws of that country. The Consul for
Mexico in thi3 city ought to be able to
give you advice on a proper presentation
of the facts to him.
•WHITEWASH TO HOU3— Subscriber.
Redding, Cal. The following la given as
a method for preparing whitewash that
will not rub off: "Use alum. It is one of
the best additions to make whitewash or
lime that will not rub off."
BIG TREES— T. M., City. The clubs
that have Interested themselves in the
preservation of the big trees of California
are the Slempre Vera and the California
Club. Congress has not yet purchased the
Calaveras big tree grove.
COPPER CENT— H. B.. San Jose. Cal.
Dealers In coins offer from $2 to $7 50 for
a copper cent of 1804, according to Its con.
ditioru A copper cent of 1817 nor a flying
eagle cent of 1857 does not command a
NORMAL, SCHOOIr-W. E.. City. Tho
San Francisco State Normal School is lo
cated on the cast side of Powell street
between Sacramento and Clay streets.
CURRENCY— A. S., City. No premium,
\3 offered for a $5 note- of 1776. It is worth
what any one will give for It as a relic of
EX-JUDGE TOOHY-Subscriber, City.
D J. Toohy, ex-Superior Judge, is still a
resident of this city.
ANSWERS TO QUERIES
"WASHINGTON, May 27.— The following
Californians arrived here to-day and reg
istered as follows: At the Arlington— W.
W. Werden and wife, San Francisco; E.
E. Manheim and Thomas Goocn. Fresno.
At the Riggs— A. B. Bigeler, California.
CALLFOBNIAUS IN WASHINGTON
The island has large resources, mainly
agricultural. Its mountains are grouped
In the center instead of lying like barriers
along the coast. There are variations of
Resources of the Island.
Geographically Ceylon is an 1 appendage
of # India,- as Sicily is of Italy; but though
it 'has roughly followed the fortunes of
India in its history, it has never been an
Indian . province, but always a .separate
dependency, jtlte varied resources'make it
a land to be desired for Its own sake by
a commercial nation. , The , harbor of
Trincomalee is sufficient inducement to
make a naval power with an interest in
Eastern seas glad to possess it and eager
to keep it, holding as it does a singularly^
central position as a place of call on the
route from the west to the south and east.
So great, indeed, from the first has been
the value put upon Ceylon that at the
general peace in 1815, after the conquest
of Kandy, Great Britain elected rather -to
give up Java to the Dutch' in order to re
tain in her own hands the "key of India,"
inferior though It was in area, in popula
tion and in natural resources.
Ceylon is the largest, the most popu
lous and the most prosperous and pro
gressive of Great Britain's "crown colo
nies," so called because i the administra
tion of their affairs is directly under the
control of the British Colonial Office.
¦ The Cingalese have no poor Iaw3, r.or
do they need any: the weakest are tho
most cared for. The rich help their poor
relatives and do not disown, them: the
poor assist those of their own families and
friends who are poorer still, so that they
live in great contentment with no dread
of poverty in" old age.
The people of Ceylon are not only peace
able and law-abiding— they are Intensely
loyal. No. colony is more attached to the
British crown, as they showed by ihe en
thusiastic welcome given to the different
Characteristic of the People.
ment, Colombo is also the largest town —
having a population of over 100,000, the
principal trade center, and since the con
struction of the breakwater works the
chief port of the island. When the new
harbor is finished three years hence Co
lombo will possess one of the largest and
best-protected harbors In the. world, hav
ing an inclosed area of 600 acres fully
equipped with numerous shipping con
veniences. In the Pettah, or native set
tlement, are found congregated together
in what has been described as "an ever
fascinating kaleidoscope," Cingalese,
Moorsmen, Tamils, Parsees, Dutch, Portu
guese, Malays and Afghans; "handi
craftsmen, working 1 in their open sheds,
women occupied in their, domestic affairs
and tiny children, clothed only in the rich
tints of their own complexions, sporting
among the traffic." .
From that description it would appear the hella-'
dotherium must have been the parent type of the
Democratic donkey, but he should not be blamed for
Bryanism, for no ancestor can be justly held respon
sible for the vagaries of degenerate descendants who
have evoluted away .from the original type by reason
of a mixture of blood or the excesses of pure cussed
ness. That, however, is a side" issue. The point of in
terest is that hunters are now seeking to capture one
of the beasts alive to take him to London, and before
long no menagerie will be complete without one. It
will be perceived, then, that in protecting the big
game of Africa the international'association is doing
much to add to the joy of some future San Francisco
"The helladotherium is of the size of an ox; its neck
is a little longer, proportionately, than that of a horse,
the ears like those of the ass with silky black fringes,
the head taper-like and the nostrils like those of the
giraffe. The forehead is a vivid red, and the neck,
shoulders, stomach and back a deep. reddish brown,
and the hindquarters and legs are boldly striped in
purplish black and white.''
The animal has a sufficient distinction to make up
for the disappearance of the quagga and the zebra
from the attractions of menageries. He appears to be
almost as gay and gaudy as a tropical bird. A de
scription of hinr says: ¦
As something of an ofl&et to the animals that are
disappearing,' it is reported that in the recesses of
Uganda there has been discovered alive an animal
hitherto known only by fossil remains found in
Greece. The newly found creature, known as the hella
dotherium, has been regarded as one of the oldest
types of animal creation or evolution; and the surviv
ing specimens have the honor of belonging to a race
that has withstood the* vicissitudes of at least two
In exploring the wilds of the interior of the conti
nent and gathering . information concerning the big
game it has been found that the quagga is either ex
tinct or else has become so scarce that one is not to
be found in- the districts they formerly frequented;
several species of antelope have also been . extermi
nated, zebras are very scarce, giraffes are disappearing
and the rhinoceros and the hippopotamus are now
comparatively few in number.
.A NEW THING FOR MENAGERIES.
SOME time ago The Call directed attention to the
• organization Jof an international society for the
protection of the big game of Central and South
Africa. All the "-European nations having any ex
tensive, possessions in Africa are co-operating in ; the
work of the society, an agreement. for that purpose
having been effected -at a conference in London last
year. ' - ¦ * "¦ ...¦'.'¦' : -' ¦ '¦ ' '' ~. "
In his latest manifesto Count Tolstoi says the writ
of excommunication issued against him by the; Greek
church is "illegal, arbitrary, unjustifiable, mendacious
and libelous";.and under the circumstances it must be
irritating for him to.know^he cannot' bring an action
TUESDAY MAY 28, 1901
JOHN D, SPRECKELS, Proprietor.
kiirtii All Communication! to W. S. LEAKE, Manager.'
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, COPYRIGHT, 190L
By "W'alter Hodgson, "h/L.J^.
Story of Ceylon, the Largest, Most Populous
and Most Progressive of Great Brit
ain's Crown Colonies.
Prepared by Experts and Specialists for
. The San Francisco Call '
PAPERS ON CURRENT TOPICS.
The Christian nations, after all the innocent, blood
they have shed and the tens of millions of Chinese
property they have stolen or destroyed, are demand
ing of distressed China a money indemnity in an
amount that would have scared the conscience of
To our credit be it remembered that the civil gov
ernment of this republic, the secular power of this
nation, does , not forget the commandments, but
stands yet for justice, moderation and mercy. It
would- heal Christian self-respect and pride if the
churches would cease defending missionary looters
long enough to commend the President and Secre
tary of State for their high and honorable stand.
We submit to the Christian church at home, if it
is worth wjiile to continue missionary effort in a
country where the missionaries themselves jocundly
confess that they forget the commandments?
It is a dangerous example for a missionary to for
get one of the commandments. The brutal Euro
pean soldiery, from the standpoint of genuine Chris
tianity, were as justifiable in forgetting the other
commandments when they committed the unspeak
able crimes told by Sir Robert Hart, Dr. Dillon and
other observers. *
He is entitled to credit for entire frankness. He
does not even pretend that he was looting to relieve
the distress of native Christians or anybody else. He
forgot one of the commandments when he found
himself near unprotected property that did not be
long to him, and stole it.
Let it be remembered that Rev. Mr. Reid has long
lived in China disseminating there the principles
of that Teacher who said, "Love your enemies; re
turn not evil^for evil, but overcome evil with good."
But to him his enemies are despicable wretches, and
ne regrets lack of time to steal all they had, and la
ments that he had to leave much of their property to
be carried off by other thieves.
For weeks this gentle shepherd, whose life is lighted
by wisdom from on high, says that he "was -very
busy discriminating between the places that should
be looted and those that should -not. Now and then
I branched out to loot from those who were our ene
mies, and I only regret that I did not have more
time to loot from such despicable wretches, instead
of leaving so much to others. It has also grieved me
that so many really good people think that my loot
is good enough for them to want. The friends of
looters are beyond calculation." ,
We do not know what view the Rev. Mr. Ament
and the Board of Foreign Missions will take of Rev.
Mr. Reid's" frank admissions. That good man says:
"I confess I looted, and in good company. We en
tered the palace of Prince Li and found there French
soldiers and a French priest surrounded with vast
wealth— iron 'safes containing nearly 300,000 taels in
silver, trunks laden with magnificent furs, silks and
satins, and rooms adorned with the finest Chinese art.
For a moment I forgot the tenth commandment. I
.had no house, no art, no books, no silver, no clothes
except a suit made for me by missionary ladies while
I lay in the hospital. The only trouble was- the
French were there; and were not kind enough to
leave. The French general came in and told us that
on that morning that section of ; the city had been
voted to the French. Seeing our downcast counte
nances he magnanimously said, 'I am very sorry, gen
tlemen; ; but each one may take a memento.' I se
cured two elegant furs and moved on."'
North China Herald prints a communication
from Rev. Gilbert Reid, a good missionary, who has
been carrying the consolations of Christianity to the
heathen who in his blindness bows down to -wood
O t NE has to. read. the files of Oriental news
papers to get the facts, as to the devastation
of Chtna and the views of the missionaries
themselves on the ethics of looting.
Gus Holmes, the well-known hotel man
of Salt Lake, returned from Los Angeles
yesterday, where he has been attending to
the construction of his new hotel, the An
Percy Schuman, a prominent Chicago
attorney, is at the Palace, He is on the
coast attending to "his vast oil and mining
interests in California.
Lewis Warfleld of New York and TV. E.
Hathcote of Franklin, Pa., well-known oil
men of the East, are at the Palace."
Chester H. Rowell. son of State Senator
Rowell, Is up here on business and has
made the Grand his headquarters.
J. D. Bradly, an extensive landowner of
Merced, registered at the California yes
J. F. Moore, a capitalist of Santa Bar
bara, is spending a few days at the Pal
ace. . •
"W. E. Woolsey.'a fruit grower of Santa
Rosa, is at the Occidental for a few days.
J. J. Hebbron, a cattle man of Salinas,
is at the Grand.
Fred G. King, a mining expert of Den
ver, is a guest at the Grand.
John P. Farrish, a mining expert of Den
ver, is registered at .the Palace. .- .
W. H. Hill, an extensive landowner of
Pasadena, is a guest at the Palace.-
TV. O. Bower3, proprietor of the Capitol
Hotel, Sacramento, is at the Palace.
that- the . tanners have , not', yet. adopted up
to-date? methods in their work. When they obtain
machinery" equal ; to American - machinery they will
doubtless be able ' to work tip their raw material at
home just as effectively as the -people of Bengal. The
subject is an interesting one, for it shows that Europe,
and indeed the United States also, in their eagerness
to exploit Asia may yet have to reckon with the de
velopment of an Asia that will do her own exploiting.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CAit, TUESDAY, M AY^ 28, (1901.
General Postofflce, Colombo, Ceylon.
Reduced Rates to the East
The Santa Fe route will sell on June 3 and 4
round-trip tickets to St. Paul for »67 90, to Kan
sas City for $60. and to Buffalo for $87. Tickets
limited to sixty days— stopover privileges. Full
particulars can be obtained rrom Santa . F«
agents, 841 Market street, and ferry depot.
xv. — Ceylon.
CmJl subscribers contemplatlnc * dmnge •!
retldeaee during: tbe summer months cam ltavrff
their paper forwarded by mail to their new
aadrenei by notifying: Tbe Call Business Office.
Tmis paper will also be on. sale at all summer
feoorts and la represented by a local agent im
•11 towns «n the coast.
TO SUBSCRIBERS LEAYIKG TOWH FOR THE SUMMER.
Grand Opera-house— "Cleopatra."
Central— "The War of Wealth."
Tivoli— "The Toy Maker."
Columbia— "The Importance of Being Earnest. '|
Columbia— "The Importance of Being Earnest."
Alcazar— "The First Born" and "Gloriana."
Olympla, corner Mason and Eddy streets— Specialties.
Chutes, Zoo and Theater— Vaudeville every afternoon and
Fischer's— Vaudeville. - :
Alhambra— Benefit Children's Hospital, Saturday matinee,
Eutro Baths— Swlmmlnr.
Emeryville Racetrack— Races to-day.
By S. Watklns— This day, at 11 o'clock. Horses, Mules,
etc.. at Twelfth and Harrison streets.
By R- W. Scott— Wednesday. May 29, at 11 o'clock. Trot-
ting Horses, at Alameda Training Track— Lapman's Stables.