OCR Interpretation

The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, June 09, 1901, Image 10

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1901-06-09/ed-1/seq-10/

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A bouquet of orchids at one of our flor
ist's costs $50, though a smaller one al
most, as effective can be- bought for $35.
It is scarcely to be wondered at that this
rare flower is not'more common as a hand
bouquet .when^its price keeps at this fig
ure. Butwhen a wooer presents his lady
love;wlth such ,a nosegay., there _ Is no
doubt that his sentiment Is sincere. - ! In
New. : York : cattleya flowers can 'be . pur
chased for 75 cents each; cypripediums at
.25 cents up to 50 cents. Sprays/of the
odontoglossum retail at 25 cents for every
perfect bloom on the spray.- - Coeiogyries
are- rarely used, except in funeral pieces.
.The local price" of orchids' went up like
the. proverbial rocket as soon as the date
of -President McKinley's visit ¦ was deter-
In every , kind- of- function
designed for Mr., McKinley's pleasure of
an indoor nature the orchid appeared as
- ¦ ¦ ¦ ** v
cour&eement they would establish
agencies out here.
yeltchT& Son of London and B. S.'- Wil
liams, also of the great ' metropolis.' are
large sellers . of orchids to the orchid ' col
lectors of this country." The four greatest
orchid growers-rprof essional— of England
have permanent agencies and greenhouses
in Summit,, N. j/ Probably with some en-
largest and most valuable .collection in the
United 'States, the value' of which is
Placed, at .$100,000. Siebrecht & Wadley of
New/ Rochelle have the next - In value.
Among | florists who make ; a specialty: of
orchids are w. Matthews of Utica,;N.;T.;
F. Mau of Weehawk'en, N. ' J. ; Bracken
ridge &^Co. of „ Govanstqwn. Md.'; John
Saul of Washington, ¦ D. • C. ; . I. Fosterman
of Newton. L. I., and Henry Dreerof
Philadelphia. - In» bur . part -of ¦: the -world
Timothy Hopkins, -above mentioned, /Is
about : the only' florist that ; grows : thV. or
chids .on a large, scale. ¦ The smaller: flor
ists' b'uy ; of him andjhe thus may.- be said
to possess a "corner" in orchids. ;
Among commercial florists Pitcher &
Manda- of Short. Hills,' N. r J., have"- the
The price of an orchid depends upon Its
size, quality and . general condition of
health. The Laelia Calllstoglossa is worth
$500 a head. One '. thousand j dollars was
paid for a Vanda Sanderiana by' a Mr.
Osbourne of New York— the largest price
ever given for an orchid In this country.
It was originally the property -of Mrs.
Morgan of "peach blow vase" fame. -
In the conservatories of the Duka of
Marlborough, Consuelo Vanderbllt's hus
band, are beautiful orchids. • In the life
time of the old Duke these orchids helped
in a manner to maintain the household. It
is considered quite the thing among impe
cunious noblemen In England who own
conservatories to sell the products of their
gardeners', skill. Of course, this is done
sub rosa, and the "city" man— the banker
or broker . of means— whose elegant din
ner table is garnished with rare orchids,
does not know that the exquisite blossoms
came from a 1 private conservatory. '
lection of orchids in America is that of
F. L. Ames of North Easton, Mass. It is
valued at 5200,000. Hicks Arnold of New
York has a valuable collection, and W. S.
Klmball values his orchids at $123,000.
UNCLE SAM. it is said, is to coin a
new 3 T cent piece. The new coin is '
'to be of nickel, and its radical dif
, ferer.ee from all other coins .wlth'
Uncle' Sam'a mint mark on them lies in
.the fact that it will have a h^le In the
center. It" Is the supposition that this
hftle in the middle will enable the hurried
handler of the coin to detect its value by
the -sense of feeling. Some such safe
guard, is considered necessary • for the
reason that it is to be about the size and
weight of- the present nicker 5-cent piece.
The size: of; the center holeTIn the pro
posed coin will be large enough to make
it merely a ring' of metal.; this hole being
about one-half the -diameter ' of ; the coin.
It will prevent one of the difficulties
which handlers of small' silver coins were
troubled^ with when 'the metal money be
gan to -circulate after the era of paper
money. The small coins, which got into
the hands of children" and some classes
in the remote districts, were . as
curiosities .'and great prizes. To secure
their safekeplng a favorite method was
¦to punch a hole in them and tie them on
a string. This destroyed the circulation
value of the coins, and dealers who sub
sequently took them in had to stand the
loss.^ a' fixed scale being finally arranged
for deduction for'punched dimes, nickels
ore other pieces. The new, piece can bo
strung without injuring it.
It is the general opinion of government
officials that there is no crying need for
an additional subsidiary coin of small
value and large bulk and weight, the 5
cent..nickel piece and the copper 1-cent
piece being considered ample to meet the
wants of the people of the West. Bank
people and treasury officials have a very
lively conception of the bother there is
In handling the present 1-cent pieces, the
larger institutions getting hundreds of
pounds of them. sometimes on hand The
weight as well as bulk cuts quite a figure
In these cases, and the addition of an
other intermediate between the 5-cent
piece and the cent piece would, it Is be
lieved, but add to .this trouble. Vault
room for storage purposes and draying
facilities would have, to be provided In
The old 3-cent silver piece which was
coined several years ago did not meet
with popular favor, and It was found Im
possible to keep it in circulation. The
sub-treasury people fear that the attempt
to put out a new one will be but a repe
tition of this experience.
In the "West and Southwest the 1-cent
piece was slower in coming into favor
than in the East, and the coinage of the
new Piece , is supposed to meet a
demand which the 5-cent piece la too
large for and the 1-cent too small. This
would Indicate If It is correct that the
Western people are relinquishing their
old idea that nothing less than 5 cents
was worth counting In" % business trana-
One rarely sees a blue orchid. Orange
and scarlet are more often fountf. but
•white orchids are the least rare. The
white orchids are the easiest to raise, but
require care, attention and a personal
feeling of interest in their growth.
Donning and Seden, the great London
orchid specialists, have succeeded in
growing orchids from seeds. They began
with the ordinary varieties and continued
their experiments with wonderful suc
cess to the rarer varieties. x
The most valuable and expensive col-
The florist tells one that he divides his
orchids into four groups — hardy, cool. In
termediate and tropical— according to
their temperament. Cultivators prefer
the winter blooming kinds, which are the
best known and least expensive.
They grow all over the world, the Ter
restrial abounding in the colder climates,
while ip the tropical regions are found
immense varieties of Epiphytal orchids.
El Splrito Santo, a very rare orchid,
comes from Panama and the Phajus from
India. Soldiers returning from the Phil
ippines brought many lovely orchids from
the islands. • The vanilla orchid is the
most valuable from an economic point of
view, as from It we get the bean and fla
voring extract of common use.
elude Cattleyas, Oncldlums and Phalaen
opsis. They grow on trees and rocks for
support only.- Terrestrial orchids grow
like lilies and larkspurs, on the ground;
tho Cypripedlum and Masdevalllas are
The ordinary table piece is a dainty
basket in which are maiden hair ferns or
other forest plants, with the orchid blos
soms nestling among the ferns. When
these baskets are bought outright by the
persons at whose house they are to' be
used they cost a considerable sum. but
when they are only hired for the occa
sion they are not so expensive. The
*the principal feature of the decoration.
Orchids are particularly suited for table
decorations,, and as such are very pro
fusely used in the East. Our wealthy en
tertainers are aJso beginning to find out
how beautiful orchids make a dinner table
i appear on state , occasions. During the
-week following Easter the local florists
had countless orders for orchids. They
were the decorations at the luncheons
given to Mrs. Francia Burton Harrison,
the dinner In honor of Mrs. - Stuyvesant
Fish and at the sfveral affairs compll
* ment&ry to Mrs. Whitelaw Reid.
Dice blossoms changed to butterflies
•With wines of purple, yellow, brown. -
Or pheasant plumes with ebon eyes * •
And soft and clouded silken down.
Serpents in garnet, sold and green.
With graceful neck and (lossy crest, .
Or humming-birds of brilliant sheen.
-With glowing throat and dotted br«axt.
Swart, rich-robed princesses, that hid*
In. tangled Afrlo Jung!» shades:
Fawn-footed Indian, maids that bid*
By wild Brazilian, forest glades.
With flowers such as these, of old s
The witch en wreathed her golden fc«ad|
They grew In Circe's haunted wold.
Or oped in dreamlands of the daad.
Dr. John Milne of the seismic suction of
the Royal Society says that vibrations
travel faster through the Interior of the
earth than through the densest body
known to scientists. This Is proof, he
claims, that the Interior Is neither. a molten
mass nor, a hollow space, but solid matter
under, such a dagree of stupendous press
ure that the contraction of the ma33
causes geysers, hot springs and volcanoes,
which are but local manifestations of this.
The orchid Is certainly the fashionable
flower, as every florist avers. To carry a
bouquet of orchids is the ambition of
every society girl who is invited to a
, swell function. The orchid is so popular
I in the East that poems are written about
j them almost every day, and what can ba
I a greater proof of fashion's favor than
In Walter Malone's recently Issued
i "Songs of North and South" one 'of the
' prettiest bits of verse is:
vallias and eypridiums are the most like
ly to live after the temporary transplant
On occasions such as large receptions
and afternoon teas orchids can be made
the most effective decoration possible.
The growing plants should be left In their
own pots or baskets and permitted to fol
low their own flowing graceful habit. If
arranged in banks they should follow the
idea of the larger ones in the background
and the lesser ones toward the outer edge.
Ferns must be used with great freedom
between and among the orchld3. and as
drapery for mantels. Fringes of orchids —
the FIcus repens and Isolepis gracills—
make an, artistic finish. Fern fronds and
cut blossoms of the orchids may be placed
among the plants and elsewhere when the
eye sees such a need. Calanthea, with
their arching wands of pink and white
flowers, can be left with their roots on
and lightly covered with moss; they then^
have the effect of cut flowers. It does
not injure the orchid plant3 to use them
in ,thfs way, but, of course, the flowers
will not live Ions after being exposed to
such a change of temperature. Odonto
glossuma. oncl.llums. sophronltes, masde-
crchlda, nevertheless, are paid for at th»
full price, for they cannot be used again.
Sometimes orchids are used In other ways,
•with more lavishness than the basket de
sign permits, and then their cost easily
runs up Into the thousands. t
THE shark that for two years has
been seen swimming about in one of
the wall tanks of the ground-floor
ff tier on the salt water side of the
Aquarium was recently removed to the
ampler waters of the greater central pool
to preserve its life.
In the two years in which the shark had
been in the tank it had increased in length
from two feet to about four feet eight
Inches. The ta/jk being small, the shark
could not get the exercise it required. This
made its removal neces«ar?-. '
In making the transfer a serious diffi
culty was encountered. The salt water In
the shark's tank in the Aquarium Is usual
ly at 71 degrees. The water in the great
central pool Is just now about 55 on the
bottom, where the cold water supply
comes in, and about €0 at the top, where
the warmed water Is supplied. This would
do for such flsbes as haa wintered in it,
but it would kill in short order a shark
put Into it from water at 71 degrees and
left to itself. ¦ Therefore when the shark
had to be removed the Aquarium people
got ready to keep it alive in the big pool
until it could look out for itself. It was
to be kept from lying down and giving: up
and succumbing to the chill by practically
the same methods followed to ward off
etupor in the case of a man who had
taken an overdose of some narcotic, name-
ly. by keeping him moving.
They shifted the shark over from {he
tank it had lived in for two years, and
dropped It in- the big pool on Friday week
at 5 p. m. Almost the moment it slid into
the pool the shark stood, literally speak
ing, on Its head, perfectly inert. . The dif
ference in the temperature of the water
would have killed it in quick time if left
to itself. But that Is Just what they didn't
do. They had a man stationed on the cop
ing of the pool with a pole and -for seven
hours this man was kept tolerably busy
keeping that shark on. the go.
The minute thT shark drooped head
downward in that fashion, just letting go
and giving right up on the spot, the man
touched it up with the pole, to get away
from which the shark would right itself
up and start swimming. i*.at was what
they wanted it to do— to keep swimming
and swimming. -
Sometimes the shark mignt not need at
tention more than twice an hour, some
times it had to be moved every few min
utes. Once or twice it turned over on its
back, but the man was after it. quickly
spurring it on, and the shark would right
Itself at the touch and start ahead again.
And so they kept at it until midnight, by
which hour it was pretty Veil warmed up
and going nicely. *• •
gRIDE ROSES, the peat white La
Marques that used to be so fash
ionable, are out of date. Smart
brides are carrying nothing but
orchids this season. Queen Wil
' helmlna of Holland did not exactly set the
| fashion, but she put the seal of her ap
i proval on this rare blossom. Queen Wil
; nelmlna's bridal bouquet was of orchids.
Local brides have been in the habit of
r havinr their bouauets made of their fa
ir vorite flower — roses, usually; sometimes
: orange blossoms. But the real jeune
\ giecle brides, those that like to do things
' as New York does them, will have noth
jing but orchids. Margaret Cole had a
j bouquet of the most beautiful orchids that
'•were ever seen at a wedding when she
married Lieutenant Martin Crimmins.
''The exquisite blooms were not. however,
'¦ lovelier than the blonde beauty who car
• ried them.
It was orchids that Colonel Walter Mar
tin sent to Miss Mary Scott durinsr the
peiiod of- his •courtship— a cluster of
orchids every day.
On Christmas and Easter the seven al
tars at St. Ignatius Church are decorated
with many thousands of dollars' worth of
orchids, bowers of the snowy blossoms
; making- a sight that draws larsre numbers
• of visitors, especially tourists from the
f East and Europe. These costly flowers
are the gift of Miss Gately and of Mrs.
Andrew Welch, the mother of Mrs. Eu
[ sene Lent. Mrs. Welch has no conserva
'. tory of her own, but buys the orchids
• from private growers in the country*.
An annual exhibition of orchids, such as
' Is held in New York, will be the next
thins, now that the orchid flower has be
: come the rage in swelldom. Out in Gold
• en Gate Park conservatories are some
rare orchids, and in the private green
houses of our wealthy families the orchid
In variety if not profusion. Orchids
:.do not multiply by propagation, as do
; roses and carnations: the majority of
ffthem have been Imported from, their na
:-tIve wild homes. The European and East
ern florists keep men employed all the
O'ear round in the tropics collecting
t -orchids.
1 Since they became the favorite adorn
•¦snent for dinner tables at set functions
demand has far exceeded the supply.
In the conservatories of Timothy Hop
pdns' country place are found the most
orchids of this part of the
fworld. f Mary Bates McClellan's green
r piouses also contain rare orchids, as do
Zlbe conservatories of D. O. Mills and
.Metier Menlo Park and Burlingame resi
"• Miss Jennie Flood. Mrs. Eleanor Mar
itln, Mrs. Sherwood. A. B. Forbes, Mrs.
Sloss, Mrs. Gerstle. Miss Nellie Dore,
W. M. I^ent, Mrs. Will Crocker.
fairs. William M. Pierson, Dr. Brigham,
jJMrs. Mau— these are a few of San Fran
yClsco's prominent orchid collectors.
To discourse Intelligently upon orchids
has to study the subject, for It is as
Complicated as the study of porcelains. If
prou talk to a florist about orchids he will
Ebe able to explain what are Cattleyas or
rCypripediums or Odontoglossums or On
j-ddiums. He will tell you the orchid fam
jlly of plants Is divided Into two groups—
[Epiphytal and Terrestrial. The former
itre commonly called air plants, and in
i* : .

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