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APABLE of discharging 116 bullets
ff a minute, at high initial velocity,
the new automatic pistol adopted
by the Board of Ordnance and For
tification for the United States army is in
many respect* a remarkable weapon. As
a first step toward the equipment of the
army with the new arm, an order for 1000
of the, pistols for the use of the cavalry
has been placed with the manufacturers.
Exhaustive tests by Government experts
have been made, which seem to Indicate
that the principle of the automatic field
gun and magazine rifle have been combin
ed In practical form In a pistol no heavier
than the revolver with which the army is
Named for its inventor, G«org Luger, a
former officer In the Austrian army, the
Lug-cr automatic pistol Is made, by the
German Arms and Ammunition Factories.
This concern has manufactured about
6,000,000 Mauser, rifles for European ' na
tions, and has also brought out several
types of automatic pistols. H. Tauscher,
one of the representatives of the company,
who came to this country to submit the
Luger pistol to tfc# Government, said re
cently, when seen at his hotel, that the
new pistol was the result of ten years' ex
"We brought out the Borchardt. the
Mauser and Browning, and tested the
Mannlicher, the Bergmann and others,"
eaid Mr. Tauscher. • "All governments
sought an Improvement on the revolver,
which becomes practically useless after
the cartridges In the cylinder have been
Revolver That Discharges 116
bullets Per Minute.
fired. The first government to change was
"At a test which It Instituted In 1896
the Borchardt, which employed the 'link
system' of feeding from the magazine,
was deemed superior. This is the system
that has shown value in the Maxim guni
and Is now used in many arms. The Swiss
ordnance officer asked for a smaller arm
than the Borchardt, and Mr. Georg Luger,
the inventor of the Mannlicher, set to
work 'to reconstruct the arm, retaining
only the link system. Switzerland made a
test in 1838, % and in 1893 its military com
mission adopted the Luger pistol.
i "In a recent test at Washington the pis
tol met all requirements arid received the
unanimous approval of the members of
the board. Its chief points are its fine
shape'. Its balance, its precision of aim. Its
rapidity of fire and its great simplicity. It
operates on the link system, has a maga
zine containing: eight cartridges, which Is
thrown out when empty and may be re
placed by a single movement. It uses a
22-caliber bullet. The initial velocity of
1200 feet a second gives a greater striking:
effect than a 44-callper bullet from, the
pistol now in use In this country.'*
Recent tests in Springfield Armory cov
ered accuracy of aim, penetration, veloc
ity of projectile, speed of fire, endurance
and the usual dust, rust and sand tests,
and a ppeed of 116 shots per minute was
attained, while the accuracy of aim with
rapidity was shown by a score of twenty
four bullseyes out of thirty shots by one
man, who could make only nine out of
twenty-eight with other styles of pistols
In the competition.
her?" the chubby-cheeked boy* at the
door Inquired. Yes, I wanted to see him.
I wanted ttf see her. I wanted to see
all there was going, and only my con
science, which gets busy now and then,
prevented me 'from demanding that the
babies be hauled out of bed.
Waiting, I gazed longingly for a sign
of the Orient. One large screen, a splen
did chrysanthemum-adorned one, ' stood
in a remote corner. A small fire screen
flaunted golden birds on golden boughs.
The asparagus fern in the ; blue china
boat was trained into a miniature tree.
These three touches were absolutely the
only signs of Eastern art, and they were
no ' more than any American's home is
likely to display.
"You drink Jap'nese tea?"
Ah! That was charming. The tiny
lacquer tray, the .tiny bowl-shaped cup
filled with a tea so faint, so delicate that
it might be steeped from rose leaves.
Thank heaven that Japanese hospitality
is a plant that this climate can't kill.'
"How are you?"
And I find that the custom of, serving
tea to every guest who enters the door
is one that Mrs. Uyeno adheres to as
she does to Buddhism. She may wear a
shirt waist; she may sit on a chair, but
her Oriental hospitality can't give way.
It was Mr. Uyeno. timed to the finish
ing of the tea. He is taller, stronger in
appearance than most men of his race.
H3 is crisply American in dress. He
speaks English readily.
"Where did you learn It?"
"First at ; th' Imperial University. Then
I travel. . I live in Germany. Then I
am Consul to Hongkong." . . >
So he has learned Japanese-English,
German-English, Hongkong-English, and
now he comes to us" to "learn American
English. JUid although he handles the
VSBtm - . '.¦¦¦ » • ••--.- - ' v-
THE Consular residence at. 1724
Broadway is American to a degree,
I This is not altogether surprising,
J as we have no bamboo architects
and matting: contractors here-
abouts. Yet I couldn't help a feeling of
...'... — 4*
disappointment. I had vlsloned a blaze
of Oriental colors, old bronzes, precious
porcelains. Instead there are landscapes
pompously arrayed . in gilded frames,
plush chairs, chenille curtains. -^ It is
"You want see him? You want see
most cultured woman of her race that we
have here. She is of a highly, educated
family, ..whose home was In Nagasaki.
She was educated at 'a seminary there;
she was given the e'ducation - that fashion
able young ladles of her people* receive.
Then she married a distinguished , and
highly educated man. She has had every
opportunity to cultivate- the charms that
Buddha endowed her with, and he was
generous, about them too. And here she
is, her'dainty dollishness.: her graceful
Oriental charms, almost hidden by' tho
as her mother must have looked at ' the
same agre, except that her mother has
all the smiles and cheery nods that repre
sent, to us the sunshine and brightness of
one phase of Japan, while Yeko has the
big, • melancholy - eyes that call up the
tragic legends of another phase.' They
are. such eyes as might have belonged to
the "Daughter of the Dragon Kins of the
Sea," who, 'as Hearn 'tells us, rose out
of the eea_and appeared to Urashima and
rowed away with him to be his flower
wife—she who wept and continued to weep
Then I had to\know all about it.
"Osaslml— flsh no cook." she explained.
This, then,. is the raw fish of th» Japa
nese— this dish that Mr. Uyeno didn't want
to tell about. But his wife confides to me
that It Is deliciousr-a round, pink-fleshed
tai; seasoned to taste. She wishes that
tal were plenty on this coast.
. After the fishy, course, air- dishes are
served at once. Sometimes these amount
to twenty or thirty in number. .There are
meats and, vegetables.. Quichltorl is a de
licious mixture of .beans and scrambled
What Wars Cost
THE disbursements by the United
States treasury on account of th« '
Civil War from July 1. 1SS1. to Jun«
30,. 1ST?, amounted to $3,187,243,285.
Thomas E. Wilson, in the Review of
the Republic for March, estimates that
the additional Civil War disbursements
for dubt, interest and pensions from Juna
30, 1879, to July 1, 1900, amounted to
$3,904,838,775, making a total Federal ex
penditure, of $10,092,C82,160. The disburse
ments of the Confederate Government
exceeded $3,000,000,000 for th© mere main
tenance of armies In the field. Mr. Wil
son estimates that the Governmental ex
penditures on both sides in the Civil
War will, when the books aro closed,
amount to $17,772,000,000, and that the In
dividual losses during? the war amount
ed to $30,000,000,000. Placing the cash ex
penditures of the United States In the
Civil War at $17,772,000,000. in the Span
ish, war at $500,000,000 and In the war of
1S12, the Mexican war, and the Indian
wars at $500,000,000, Mr. Wilson makes
the total contribution of the United;
States treasury to the war fund for tha
century $18,772,000,000. It is estimated that
the Napoleonic wars from 1793 to 1315
cost $8,250,000,000; the war between, Rus-
Bla and Turkey In 1S23, $100,000,000; tho
war between Spain and Portugal, from
1830 to 1840. $230,000,000: the war between
France and Algeria, from 1S30 to 1847.
$190,OCO,CCO; civil war In Europe. In 1348.
$50,000,000; v the Crimean war, $1,125,000,000;
the war fn 1839 between France and Aus
tria, $223,00.000; the war of 1866. between
Prussia and Austria, $100,000,000; the war
between Germany and France, in 1870
and 1S71, $1,580,000,000; the war of 1877. be
tween Russia and Turkey,' $350,000,000; the
war between France and Mexico* In 1375,
$75,000,000; between Brazil and Paraguay,
in 1864 to 1S70, $240,000,000. Thes© figures
are from Mulhall, and Include only di
rect .Government expenses. It Is esti
mated that the minor wars of Great Brit
ain in India, Egypt and Africa have cost
$2,000,000,000. ' The Eoer war has already
cost England $500,000,000. France's minor'
wars have cost $1,600,00^.000, and Spain
has epent . in various wars $3,000,000,000.
On these statements presented by Wil
son and Mulhall, manifestly incomplete
and unfair, the United States Civil War
cost more by $7,000,000,000 than ten Euro
pean wars, and the wars of South
American republics have cost more than
all the Russian wars in Asia. The total
expenditures of civilized natians for war
In the century are put at $43,068,000,000.
. o ,
Bats measuring nearly five feet from tip
to tip of their wings have been found in
a cave near Tanga, In East Africa,
T /f / HA T is this coming over
yy the land of the cherry
By Sarah Comslock.
blossom and the kimono,
of the sad music and the myth
maidens f Is its personality flee
ing before the dragon of learning
that has entered, from other lands?
Lafcadio Hcarn, authority by
popular concession on things Japan
ese, says no. In one of his vol
umes he discourses to the length of
a sixty-page chapter on the theme,
and sums up with: "As a fact,
the Japanese arc not imitative at
all: they are assimilative and
adoptive only, and that to the de
gree of genius."
Maybe. Yes, to be sure. ' He
knows. But the poetry of Japan
— alas, the poetry of it.
Here in San Francisco there has
lately arrived the distinguished
"jAfe of the distinguished Japanese
Consul, Uyeno. She stands io us for
swell Japanese society — it is up to
her to set the fashions for Japanese
society on this coast. And it is
enough to tear a poet's heart strings
to note how she has cast azvav the
poetry of her native land and has
adopted the homely practicalities of
ours. Why can't the Japanese,
even in our country, where the cli
mate is not radically different from
theirs, preserve more of their
charming personality in dress,
homes and manners?
% ob s. Bamboo sprouts In season are a
delicacy. .'— "
When these dishes are all finished, des
sert Is preluded by green tea and cake.
After this, the dessert—some kind of pud
ding. _ Fresh fruit.
"Sake?" I queried. "'
"Ah, you know sake?" She fluttered.
She beamed. I had made the hit of my
life. Sake, the rice brandy, -tie drink of
old and new Japan— to be known .in this
strange land. I tell . you this affectation
of American ways is an affectation. A
Japanese is a Japanese at heart and lt'3
all a pity that he should try to be other
wise. ¦ -
There were two more disappointments
in store for me when the two little Uyenos
were brought down. Yeko, meaning Eng
land—named when she was born in Hong
kong among English friends— Is the elder,
a mite of 2. Fu Miko— her. mother
translates it "Beautiful Ditch"-ls fat and
sleepy and sputtering— only three months
They ara both in American dress.
Worse than that— they have never been
in any other.
Worse yet— they cry if they are shown
And it's all in the world that they ever
ought to wear. Yeko Is already old enough
to show that droll hereditary tilt to the
figure that is charming in the native dress
and wholly unfit for ours.
But she wears a Paris importation
bought in Japan and she and her mother
are both delighted with the fact. *
She Is a dainty little thing, looking much
i ¦ ¦
silently when he left her, never to return
I don't believe she will even be- taught
to play on the koto as her mother waa
Mrs. Uyeno has given up the art now and
keeps the Instrument as a curiosity. Sht
hasn't touched its strings for three years*
She calls upon one 'of her maids to plaj
when a guest desires.
These 'maids, too, are on the high road
to Americanization. Their dress la ours.
They- giggle in American fashion. And th«
other servants— two boys and a cook— art
all in line.'
Upstairs, where the little folks play. J
stumbled against an American toy wagon
Beyond, on the floor, lay an American*
bought doll. An American rattle sounded
In Fu Miko's hands. . • j!
"It has come to this!" I murmured dole,
But from another room. Yeko, clasping
to her heart the biggest and most splen
did of Japanese dolls. She passed tht
American baby lying on the floor.
Her mother held it out to her but «h#
did not heed.
"I don't know why— she rike Jap'nest
dorrie best." her mother apologized.
shirt waist costume that a Parl» flresa
maker In . Yokohama fitted to her.
It Is a shame to see it. Her flexible lit
tlo' figure was made for: the clinging folds
of the kimono. Her feet are distressful in
tan boots. Her hair, born for the glisten-
Ing folds and gorgeous decorations other
native land,' is clumsy in its attempt at
, "You have American furniture,** I re
marked to her. "Is that so all over your
"Yes, "yes," she said, delightedly. "Up
stair, . downstair."
"And in your home In Japan?"
"Yes, in Japan. Chair, table. No sit on
floor." — .-'¦'- ' .
She was so proud of it all. No more
sitting on the floor, although . all the
muscles of the Japanese' body are built
by the building of generations for the
domestic customs that aft traditional.
They don't know how to sit .in chairs.
They draw themselves up miserably and
dangle their feet. No more serving of tea
on low stools— tea is served on a full
height table. , -.
She is still clinging to .Japanese styles
in cooking, but even this Isn't likely, to
last long. She says already that sho is
coming to like our dishes'. Incidentally,
though, she gave me part of a menu for.
a swell Japanese dinner— when she says
"good custom" with a fastidious curl to
her lip she means "swell," I find. Here
are her instructions:
Begin with ocha. (I am spelling
words as they sound.) Ocha is the tea
made from tea powder— boiling water be
ing poured on the powder and the s whol&
served immediately without further cook
ing. Only the Japanese of the highest
class serve ocha at the beginning of a
dinner— it seems to be the hall mark of
good form. ' . >»'.•'.
Next the soup— the osuemona. , It may
be made from chicken, \ meat, 'or fish.
Smelts are the favorite. Green vegetables
and seasoning are used— pepper is de
manded in plenty. "
Now for the fish. . Many kinds are eaten.
Best of all"ls tal. _ .
¦ "Osaslml," she said in her husband's
presence. > ,
"No, no," he reproved.^
language boldly and well, there are cling
ing to his speech a few. varied signs of
dialect, so subtle that there is no use
trying to reproduce them in print. .; v
¦ "How are you?" « .'•:' .v
It was. the Consul's wife at last. She
advanced Without waiting to be presented
and she performed her "How are you?"
in a . mechanical way s that led me to be
lieve that it was her stock in trade and
that she would say the,same ir you asked
her how the children, are or if she were
seasick on the trip.
- Not at all. She knows considerable Eng
lish'contraryto the Consul's and her own
statement. They are both apologetic for
her in true Japanese modesty. That Is
another characteristic that can't be lost
in a hurry. Dress, customs— the outside
things— can be altered at will, but you
can't rid a Japanese of national- traits of
character in less, than several genera
Any American who knew half as much ,
Japanese as i Mrs. Uyeno knows. English
would consider himself equipped for trav
el in Japan. He would also announce the
"You are well?" she inquired as she
joined us. ' a '
"Very well, 1 hank you. And you— how
¦ did you get through the long trip?"
'' "Very well, thank you," she replied,
-beamingly; and I saw then that she could
be talked to.
Since that time we have had some con
fidential conversations, have taught each
other to say five or six words in a new
tongue and have exchanged recipes. I
have noticed that although her husband
speaks far more English' than she. she
understands quite an well. That's the
woman of it.
She Is quite the most ¦ charming,- the
THE SUNDAY CALL.
ARE THE JAPANESE LOSING THEIR