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EPISCOPAL DEPU I I£S DISCUSSING MARRIAGE LAW.
7 HE General Convention of the Episcopal 'Church will be busily engaged to-day, matters of
great import being scheduled to come up .for decision at the various meetings. The programme
is as folloivs: ,
io a. m. : — House 'of Bishops meets in Sunday School room of Trinity Church. Afternoon
\u25a0 \u25a0 '\u25a0\u25a0 session at 3. . - ,•
10 a. m.— House of Deputies resumes in Trinity Church. • Meets also at 5 p. in: During
... the day Deputies zvill convene as committee of 'the zvhole and continue discussion
on marriage and divorce canon. ....
8 p. m.— Church of the Advent, Eleventh street, near Market. Special service. Bishop
Wellcr, Coadjutor of Fond du lac, zvill preach. .'\u25a0.
8 p. m. — St. Stephen's Church, Fulton street, near Webster. "Quiet Hour for . Men".
• . Conducted by Brotherhood of St. Andrew. '
8 p. m. — Grace Church. Meeting of Church Unity Society. Speakers: The Bishop of
Washington; Rev. George Hodges, dean of . Theological School, Cambridge. '
8 p. m. — Trinity Church. Meeting of Board of Missions. Bishops will speak on work of
... domestic , missions. '.\u25a0'\u25a0\u25a0;-
PROGRAMME FOR TO-DAY
Several friends of • Sheriff John Lack
mann tendered him j a banquet* last night
at a downtown restaurant. •- Among those
present ,were: Congressman Julius Kahn,
William -P. . Brady, jGus Cronky/.W. ... J. :
Sheriff Lackmann Banqueted.
The soldiers at the general hospital at
the Presidio were entertained Wednesday
night by a number of amateur performers,
who rendered the following programme:
March (Clauder). Fifteenth Cavalry orchestra:
recitation. Miss Kathleen Booth: song. J. F.-
Beasom: cake-walk. Miss Edna Montgomery
and Edward Montgomery: song. MUa Eugenie
Brown; song. MUs Queenle, Montgomery; song.
Edward Montgomery: piano solo. Miss Marie
McOsttigan; recitation. Miss Kathleen. Booth;
song, Mis3 Eugenie Brown; song, Um lU*-ea
Sick Soldiers Entertained.
Arrives From th« East to Appear Be
fore the United States District
Judge Arthur H. Noyes of Nome fame
arrived yesterday from the East and Is at
the Palace. He is here as a defendant on
a charge of contempt and his case opens
Tuesday in the United States District
Court. '. . .
Judge Noyes is accompanied by C. A. S.
Frost, formerly 'representative of the De
partment of Justice of Alaska and after
ward District Attorney, at Nome, \u25a0\u25a0 - ..
JUDGE NOYESOF NO MS
' HEBE AS DEFENDANT
Nicholson; ' H. B. Sch^ndler, Thomas
Thompson, C. B: Rode, "William O'Shaugh
nessy. P. J. Kelleher, J. R. Doyle, J. J.
Donahue, Herman Dlerks, Felix Gross
and John Lackmann.
the admirable work done by the gentlemen of
the local press in their reports of the sessions
of the' convention. That the 'people of this
city should bo proud of Its press we all here
agree, and my eole wish is that these capable
gentlemen of the press would come to -New
York and show their brethren how they do it.
Miss' Keyser announced that she- had
established headquarters in the room ad
joining those of the Brotherhood of St.
Andrews and thaf'she would be. glad "to
meet all those who are interested in. the
formation of a branch C. A. A. I. L. in
this city. Bishop Potter then pronounced
tha benediction and the meeting came to
a close. " '. "
In speaking of the character of the peo
ple, he admitted that the Japanese mer
chants are not reliable business men in
that they cannot be depended upon to live
up to their contracts. V ~X ,
- Professor David Starr Jordan delivered
an interesting lecture on Japan last night
before the Ladies' Literary Society at 1C1S
Sutter street. In the opening of his ad
dress Dr. Jordan described the great good
nature, contentment ajad politeness of the
Jaoanese people. In comparing the life
of the people of Toklo and Paris, the
speaker declared that in the latter city
the joy and gladness were underlined with
sadness and misery. He said that the
gayeties of Paris were of the kind that
usually end in the morgue.
Dr. Jordan spoke in high praise of the
picturesque scenery of Japan, declaring
that the land Itself, with Its characteristic
pine" tree, had a fascination about it which
would be there no matter who the inhabi
tants might be-
Gives Interesting Description of tixe
Picturesque Scenery and of
LECTTJBES ON JAPAN
Poor Little Thing: How have you made
shift to get through the bitter weather we
have lately had; in other words, how have you
and boarder Jack Frost agreed, shivering with
poor Att over a cob for a log and a bean for
Among the historically Interesting fea
tures are the autographs of the English
consecrators. Each autograph Is accom
panied by an elaborate seal. Ther« are
several letters and documents signed by.
the Archbishop of Canterbury. In one of
the former, written as Bishop of Bangor
during the Revolutionary War, he says
that recent events have' so .discouraged
One of tha most interesting exhibits In
the collection or historical records at pres
ent on view at the headquaxtere of the
Woman's Auxiliary. 1609 Bush street, is a
complete set of the autographs of the
Bishops in the American succession. This
set, None of the four in existence, is the
property of the Hon. L. Bradford Prince
of New Mexico. It represents a labor
scattered over many years. It is the only
collection in the world which Includes
autographic documents by the Scottish
and English consecrators of the first
This collection is more than a* mere
album- of autographs. It is made up in
large part of, letters. Some of them of
ficial, but many of them personal, all of
them in sotae way characteristic of the
writer and most of them of special Inter
est to the student of church history.
While some of the letters relate strictly
to matters of business,, there are others
with a decided touch of human -nature.
One of the quaintest of these was written
by Bishop Bass of Massachusetts to an
aged lady, a member of the Bishop's
former parish. It opens as follows:
• NEWBURY PORT. "Jan. 31, 1T74.
Interesting Exhibit Placed o^ Vieiy
at Headquarters of the Woman's
the Americans that no douDt they would
soon see the folly of further resistance, i
The collection is . carefully arranged
within the covers of a massive time and
religiously guarded by a corps of auxiliary
sentinels. It is valued at over $3000.
Addresses were made yesterday to the
Woman's Auxiliary by a number of
Bishops and prominent members of the or
ganization. ' - \u25a0 \u25a0 - :
The Brotherhood of St. Andrew opened
its second Pacific Coast Convention last
evening. Addresses were made by prom
inent clerics and lay members of the
Episcopal church. \u25a0 , - •
missionary bishoprics of Hankow, 1'orto
Rico, Philippines, North Dakota anil
Olympia. The prelates will • select th«
names to-day and send them to the House
of Deputies for confirmation.
Last evening Bishop Potter of New
York delivered an earnest and forceful
address before the Church Association for
the Advancement of the Interests of
Labor at the Albambra Theater. The
building was filled and the.prelate'3 word3
carried conviction to all present. He
urged the need of a reciprocity of senti
ment and action between capital and la
bor; urging also that the social relations
between master and servant should be
The board of missions met last evening
and heard addresses by foreign Bishops
on the missionary situation in the Orient.
Well Gowned Members
. of the Fair Sex
Listen to the
Debate. \ '\u25a0
- BY LADIES
It Is- expected that the canon on di
vorce will be taken up to-day by the
House of Deputies sitting as a committee
of the whole. Sharp debate is looked for,
as it is known that many of the dis
tinguished deputies do not favor the canon
of total prohibition of remarriage of di
vorced persons as adopted by the House
of Bishops. Among the deputies are some
of the most learned legal lights in the
country and their views on the vital mat
ter are awaited with great interest.
The House of Bishops decided yester
day to nominate five of the clergy to the
UNIQUE COLLECTION .
OF BISHOPS' AUTOGRAPHS
The galleries of Trinity Church were
filled by hundreds of smartly gowned
' women and the aisles and entrances to
the floor of the edifice were crowded with
the fair visitors.
The House of Deputies resolved itself
into a committee" of the whole and un
limited debate was allowed on the im
portant subject. The committee was only
able to discuss the canons relating to the
rites of marriage and had not reached
those on divorce when the time for the
afternoon adjournment arrived.
The canons on marriage adopted yes
terday define the meaning of matrimony;
how the ceremony shall be performed and
provides for witnesses and the consent of
parents when the same is required by the
Ci REAT interest was dispayed
J^_ yesterday in the consideration
W by the members of the House
M of Deputies of the Episcopal
' J&*- General Convention of the
•* J ..-^,— T .canoa~im~. marriage and di
vorce adopted the "previous day by 'the
House of Bishops.
Gifted Men of the Law
to Address the
urged the formation of a branch society
in this city, and closed with the state
ment that industrial emancipation would
bring on the age of peace.
Frederick Foster of the Typographical
Union of this city spoke briefly of the
antagonistic relations existing among the
employers a.nd those they employ. The
object of the society was to harmonize
these^ conditions, so that the social lot of
wage earners might be improved. He ar
gued that it was to. the interest of . em
ployers to come to a speedy
of the truth that what benefits their em
ployes must of necessity be of benefit to
Before pronouncing benediction Bishop
Potter complimented the local press for
its faithful reports of the sessions of the
Episcopal convention. The following
statement was received with applause:
I take pleasure In calling to your attention
We will never solve the question of labor
until the organizing minds, the guiding hands
and «mploying managers are identified with
the unions with which the employes are ldenti-
It Is not surprising: that the New Testament,
under conditions which prevailed at its con
ception, ehould have assimilated the Ideas of
the times. The pagan Idea, which was then
In force, became hardened Into Inexorable
forms by which the strong became more pow
erful and the. weak were forced to the wall.
The fraternj.1 Idea i« the real basis of all
human society. The feudal agree, which we
think were KCSM than the age In which we
live, were ir fc-jme respects very much better.
It was in feudal timea when the principle of
trades unionism was born. In those days these
unions were known as guilds. We, who to-day
may deem our trades unions as perfect, should
etufly the guild system of the dark ages. Our
system of trades unions has not the striking
feature possessed by the guilds, which was a
mutual dependence upon each other of the
employer and the employed. Both of these
elements defended a common Interest— and that
Is not the ruie that obtains to-day.
Bishop Potter was then introduced by
Bishop Coleman. The venerable prelate
was received with applause. He began
his discourse with a review of the three
great ideas— monarchial, military and
aristocratic— which animated men in their
social relations since the Christian era
began. Under the monarchial rule au
thority was exercised with a harsh and
inexorabJfe £and. Under the military
forms of, government the principle of
brotherly love became^ a myth to be
laughed at and scorned. Under the aris
tocratic regimes the needs of the common
people were seldom If ever recognized, the
inevitable result being discord, degrada
tion and social gloom. Resuming, the
EFFECT OF THE PAGAN IDEA.
vancement of the Interests of
X-abcr. Several addresses were made
upon the subject of organized labor, but
the principal speaker of the evening was
Bishop Potter of New York.
The service began with the speaking of
the Apostles' Creed by the audience un
der the leadership of Bishop Coleman.
The Bishop then made the opening an
nouncement. He said that the society
•under whose auspices the meeting was
assembled was a missionary society form
ed fn the Interest of labor. This was one
of the gTand works which the Episcopal
church was undertaking.
It hoped to mitigate eome of the evils
of the industrial system and to assist the
laborer to secure the wages and other
considerations that are justly his due.
There are conditions which hamper the
\u25a0work, and these must be overcome. One
of the means employed was to open
braach societies of the C. A. A. L L. in
all parts of the country- There were
some who believed that the church should
not engage In work of that kind, "but,"
resumed the speaker, "we are brethren
who should live together In fairness and
THE Alhambra Theater was
well filled last night, the occa
sion being a special service
held under the auspices of the
Church Association for the Ad-
Solution of ; ths Labor
Problem Lies in
the Hearts of
"When Bishop Potter concluded his ad
dress Miss Harriet Keyser, general sec
retary of the C. A. A. I. L,., was intro
duced. She told of the organization of
the association In 1887, and outlined the
work In which it Is engaged. The- main
object of the society was to teach mem
bers the .concientious use of the ballot,
although no partisan politics are encour
aged. The society aimed to promote fel
lowship among men. She alluded to the
abuses of labor In New York, of people
living in frightful tenements, and won ap
plause with the statement that '*no syn
dicate can purchase sunlight and air,
those unpurchasable gifts of God." She
AIMS OF THE SOCIETY.
The Intorei and employer must be brought
closer tcicether. You may legislate aa you
please, impose taxation as you please, or by
any oth»r process readjust the conflicting ele
ments of modern society, but if you have not
your henrt in the work you will fail utterly.
The solution of the labor problem consists in
t*i* cwskening in the hearts of the employer
a deep concern for the welfare of those who
are in his employ. Their ideas and hopes should
not be antagonistic. They should mingle to
gether and observe the laws of social contact.
Their aims being identical, their methods
should be harmonious If those aims are to be
I stood one day . la front of a factory and
eaw 600 men Ruing out io dinner. I said to
the owner oi the factory: "How many of
these men do you know?" He looked at me
astonished, and though he did not say it, I
knew he felt that I was very presumptuous.
The times require a change from conditions
like this. It has always been a question In
my mind whether the industrial development
of the nineteenth century has been of benefit
to human society; I once dined with a family
in New York, the housewife of which went to
a store and bought everything for the table,
including pressed meat, baked beans, brown
bread ana canned fruits. Everything came In
tins or glass Jars, and not a thing was pre
pared in that home.
When I was young, women touched home
life with the chaime of their personality. It
was an lasp!t alien to dine at a housewife's
table 9lty years ago. The modern eystem, the
result of advancement along Industrial lines,
seems to me to be radically wrong and worthy
of rtmodeiing. - \u25a0
We have not yet learned to extinguish that
characterietic by which we differentiate be
tween those antagonistic elements that make
up modern society. There is no complete har
mony of re#timent and idea. The mischief o£
th« modern social order is that the moment
people begin to accumulate money or lands or
any other valuables, other people begin to dif
ferentiate themselves from the cause that
should be harmoniously co-operated in by all
alike. Oarist received sinners and ate with
them, but the modern Phariseeism prompts
men to ignore those who are beneath them
socially, or whose degree is of the baser sort.
The greatest missionary society in the world
Is that society which follows the precepts of
Christ and establishes a brotherhood among all
sorts and conditions of men. That is the aim
of the Church Association for the Advance
ment of the Interests of Labor. It is to rem
edy defects we come in contact with every
day that the association was called into being.
Bishop Potter then spoke of^the opera
tions of the Board of Mediation and Con
ciliation of Ner, York,\df.7TrtrtdrTie'~t«r
president. He said the board came into
being without authority and added that
that was the reason probably why he was
chosen as its president.. The board was
in existence some ten years and had set
tled a number of momentous labor dis
turbances The operations of the board
were conducted on the principle that
nothing tangible could be accomplished if
the question of social contact was ig
nored. Resuming, he said:
HAEMOUY IS !LACKING.
fied. There should be a mutual understanding
between employers and their help, and. both
Ehould be animated by a common tie of brother
hood and fealty
Modern Social Rules Must
Be Ignored by Those
OF ALL ARE
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
SAN FRANCISCO, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1901.
VOLUME XC-NO. 133.
BISHOP POTTER MAKES EARNEST PLEA FOR HARMONY
BETWEEN THE WAGE-EARNERS AND THEIR EMPLOYERS
The San Francisco Call.