Newspaper Page Text
European correspondents have evidently ceased
trying to kill the Pope in dispatches. They are
hatching plots of assassination now, and the process
will probably cocticue until something new turns up.
American feeling over the great calamity at Mar
tinique has expressed itself in contributions of cash
rather than in poetry, but the poetry will come along
later, and in the meantime it is consoling to know
the cash fills the want that is most felt.
A Chicago traveler who has been to Boston says
the architecture of the city shows specimens of Co
lonial, Elizabethan, Georgian and Venetian styles,
nnd he asks why there are no specimens v of carbon
iferous cr tertiary architecture, but the coarse, crude
question has left Boston speechless and unable to
The men who do that sort of thing are fond of
calling themselves "good citizens." They " pride
themselves upon the fact that they are opposed to
It is th'e custom of the American people to post
pone their political duties. Men will attend to busi
ness or to pleasure, or even spend much time in
mere idleness,, neglectful of their duties as citizens
until the excitements of the actual campaign begin;
Then they go in a flock to register. Some even
delay until it is altogether too late and then com
plain of the election I4ws.
REGISTRATION is going on but slowly, and
yet every citizen who fails to register will for
. feit his franchise. It is comparatively easy
to register now, for the office is not crowded, but in
a short time the rush of the belated ones will begin
and then the late comers will have to stand in line
and take their turn-, so that what can now be done in
a few minutes may take an hour.
REGISTER AT ONCE.
Perhaps France and Gr^at Britain will now be will
ing to put their West Indian islands. on; the bargain
counter' and give Uncle Sam a ; chance' to get: them
cheap. ; ; : ¦¦ •;¦¦-" ¦'.,;/. \ V -7 ;
As President Palma is already complaining of
office-seekers, jt#is evident that sugar-growing is
not- the only American industry that flourishes in
It is charged that Simon Sam, the ex-'President of
Hayti, stole more than "$8,000,000 during his tenure of
office. Mr.- Sam is evidently notione of the Simple
Simons of whom we have heard. -
The price of beef is high, but let us not forget that
the meat packers and the members of the beef trust
are assuring us they are doing business at a loss. The
distribution of beef at present seems to be a pure
philanthropy, and ¦ we . cannot expect it to be cheap.
Some years ago a New Jersey millionaire built
two handsome churches and gave them to the con
gregations on condition that no musical instrument
should ever be used in them. The condition was
fatal! After a hard struggle to keep going both con
gregations have given up the structures and will
build churches of their own. The two gift edifices
it is said are to be torn down to make way for other
buildings. The case is a" warning to philanthropists
not- to put tod many I strings on their gifts.
"Ears were made before the steam cal
liope was Invented." remarked the Ob
server of Events and Things, "or possibly
they would have been constructed with a j
.tight-fitting cover."— Yonkers Statesman, j
Patience— Have you seen the. new spring
color? It is called Messenger Boy.
Patrice— What a funny name!
Patience— Not at all. It's warranted not
to run.— Yonkers Statesman.
One day. when the mother of twelve
children had worked very hard, she said
to the youngest (who was called Frank):
"Frank, I wish I had a girl to do my
Frank said: "Why don't you trade/one
of us boys off for a girl? But not-tne."—
Little Chronicle (Chicago).
• Deacon R6BS^-Speshal prayer am axed
f o' Brudder Long, who am now in jail fo'
de. tenth time, bein' . catch fightin' his
Parson Simms— Den de congrashion will
bow - In . prayer/ axln de marcy. ob.de
Lawd, so dat dls black sheep mought be'
bohn agin, an bohh a gal chile at date!—
Life. ¦¦¦¦-¦ . : - -:r:_ ¦¦ ••• -• ¦_ - . • .
P ? ; Going. to Thunder Mountain P P
Tho -Northern Pactflc Railway Is- tho best,
cheajpept and' quickest; route. . From Lewlston
and fetltcij.. Idaho, there are' >rood wasron roads
<o e'th'er'Warretta^or Dixie, . from which point*
the trails into this district aro most accessible.
For rates, etc., address T. K. STATBLEr!
G. A., "647 Market'st.'. S. F. . ' ¦ «
¦ '.' ..,."..¦¦ _ ' . * * — ¦ r
Dt. Sanfoi-d's Liver^Tnvigorator,
Best Liver Medlcln*. Vegetable Cure for Liver Ills
Biliousness, Indigestion, Constipation, Malaria.*
"Oh. yes; Mrs. Twaddle came and sat
in our box and we had a regular visit." —
Philadelphia Bulletin. . :
"Did you enjoy the opera Tuesday night,
Mrs. Twiddle?" . •
A CHANCE TO SMILE
TAMALPAIS— T., City. Tamal-pals
means country of the tamals. In the early
days of California there was a tribe of
Indians that were called Tamals by some
and Tomales by others. They inhabited
what is now Marln County and Tamalpais
was a designating term for the country
they occupied. A good many years ago
an individual of poetic fancy evolved out
of his own mind "an Indian legend" in re
gard to Mount Tamal-pals based upon an
idea that viewed from a certain point the
crest of the mountain of which the mount
named is the extreme eastern end rep
resents the form of a woman at rest and
he wrote a poem for one of the news
papers in which he told a tale of love and
that the heroine died and formed part of
the mountain chain. That is about all
there is to the legend of the "sleeping
beauty" in connection with Tamalpais.
LONGEST RIVERSR., City. The long
est rivers in the world are: '
Africa— Nile. 3895 miles; Niger, 2990; Con
go, 2700; Zambesi, 2300; Orange, 1152. <J
America (North)— Mississippi, 3716 miles,
with Missouri added, 4194; St. Lawrence.
2120; Mackenzie, 2120; Saskatchewan, 1918;
Rio Grande, 1S0O; Arkansas, 1514; Colum
bia, 1383; Ohio and Alleghany, 1265; Red
America (South)— Amazon, 359C miles;
Rio Madeira, 2300; Parana, 2211; Rio de la
Plata, 1800; San Francisco, 1613; Rio Ne
gro, 1650; Orinoco, 1500.
Asia— Yenisei, 3G8S miles; Hoang Ho
2812; Lena, 27G6; Obi, 2674; Araoor, 2673; Eu
phrates. 2Q0G; Ganges, 1844; Indus, 1613.
Australia— Murray, 3000 miles.
' Europe— Volga, 2351 miles; Danube 199'-
Ural,\ 1099; Don, 108S; Dneiper, 1020; Rhine'
MILDEW ON GRAPES— F. D. S., Mt
Bullion, Mariposa County, Cal. Mildew
on grapo- vines Is kept In check by dust-
Ing sulphur on them. Dry sulphur has
however, but little effect upon the downy
mildew. In France the remedy used la
the, Bordeaux mixture. In the United
States the remedy is the spraying of the
preparation of the ammoniacal carbonate
of copper. It is said that either Is a spe
cific for mildew If applied four, six or
eight; times, beginning just before the
blossoms open and continuing, ' if neces
sary, until a short time before the grapes
begin to color. The mixture used in the
United States is made up of the follow
ing: Carbonate of copper,^ dunces- am
monia (26 degrees, 3 pints of water) 45
gallons. The carbonate of coDDer*shonld
be wet before it ft dissolved snouia
WASHINGTON, June 2.— The following
Californians arrived here to-day: At the
Raleigh— W. C. Andrews of San, Jose, S.
J. Norton and D. C. ' Kurtz of Los An
geles and J: F. Hughes of San Francisco;
at the Wlllard— H. B. Ellis and J. W.
Richards of/Los Angeles, J. W. Benson
and H. W. Hardy of San Diego, C. Hersh
feld and wife, the Misses Hershfeld, Mrs.
A. S. House, H. Heynemann, the Misses
Heynemanh and Walter Heynemann of
San Francisco and W. S. Palmer of Oak
Californians in Washington.
THE LATE WAR-Philippines. City.
"Can you give me the title of the strong
est article published in The Call on the
Philippine question?" is a very broad one.
Before such could be answered it would
require a reading of each article publish
ed since the breaking out of the war in
1898, and that this department has not
ths time' to do. In "Documents and Mes
sages" published by the Government and
to be found in the libraries you will find
a great deal of information of an official
character relative to the war in the Phil
ippines. . ;•}
BUTTERCUP AND POPPY— Subscriber,
City. Some people call the eschscholtzia,
or California poppy, a buttercup, but that
is not correct, as that flower is entirely
distinct from the genus that is designated
as buttercup. Buttercup is the popular
but Indefinite name given to more than
one thousand species of the ranunculus.
The" California poppy belongs to the nat
ural order papaveraceae, in which are in
cluded 130 known species of the poppy.
HUSBAND'S SHARE— F. H., Freeport,
Cal. If a married woman dies in the
State of California, having separate prop
erty, the surviving husband is entitled to
the whole of that property provided there
are no children.children of children.father,
mothe>, brother or sister living. If any
such are living his share is regulated by
the law of succession.
PATENTED ARTICLE— R. L. C, Val
lejo, Cal. If a man makes an article for
his own use that has been patented he is
likely to be ... proceeded ' against for in
fringement of patent, unless he has ob
tained permission- from the , owner, of the
patent to manufacture such article.
From Los Angeles— S. J. Chappell, at
the Grand Union, and P. Laughlin, at the
Herald Square. ;
From. San Francisco — A. Bonner, L. W.
Harpham and wife, Mrs. B. Coulter and
I**. W. Pickering and wife, at the Manhat
tan; W. Bradford, M. W. Zuckerman and
I\ A. Houseworth, at- the Herald Square;
E. S. Gullixson. at the Cadillac; L. Klau
and Mrs. C. C. Morse, at the Hoffman;
J D. Moffitt and wife, N. F. Dethlefsen,
I. T. C. Dunckel and S. L°vy, at/the
Grand Union; S. C. Hildreth. at the Ven
dome; R. H. Hugg, at the Park Avenue:
Mrs. Y0. Jennings, at the Holland; M. S.
Price »and M. Summer, at the Imperial;
T. H. Stevenson,' at the Ashland; T. Sul
livan, at the Broadway Central, and A.
E. Wessley, at the Astor.
Calif ornians in New York.
NEW YORK. June 2.— The following
Calif ornians are in New York:
Frederick Warde, the well-known tra
gedian, has returned from Honolulu, and
is at the Palace, accompanied by his wife.
E. W. Worthing, an attorney of Stock
ton, is here on business, and has made his
headquarters at the Grand.
F. W. Hatch, a member of the State
Board ' of Insanity Commissioners, Is a
guest, at .the. Lick..
W. J. Nelson; a mining .maiv^ who re
sides at Los Angeles, Is a guest the
Grand. .' ¦ -''. ¦'.'... .
Robert R. Rosslee, a merchant of Scot
land, Is among the arrivals at. the Pal
ace. ¦ -
Thomas Flint Jr. of, San Juan Is at the
J. K. Law, an attorney of Merced, is a
guest at the Lick.
C. A. Coffin of Reno is among the ar
rivals at the Grand.
SanV Tyack, a Sonora mining man, Is
spending a few days at the Lick.
J. C Kitzhenry; a shoe manufacturer
of Worcester, Mass?, is at the Lick. .
If the error is the faufc: of a careless reporter, or a
trick of cable transmission, then we withdraw our
remarks; otherwise we stand for loyalty to the
King's English and in defense of that good old verb
of such respectable Anglo-Saxon pedigree that it to
this day expresses the Anglo-Saxon genius for fall
ing upon and seizing everything in sight.
Bacon and Shakespeare, and certainly Tennyson,
would have said, "Then I would better leave my seat
vacant at the banquet," and the King would have
gladly answered, "Yes, you would better leave it
The verb transitive "to have" means possession;
in its primary sense to fall on, to rush upon and
seize. "Had" is its past participial form, meaning
"fallen on, rushed upon and seized." Now did his
Lordship mean to say, "I rushed upon, fell upon and
seized better leave vacant my seat at the banquet?"
Have, cr had, carmot be used as an auxiliary verb in
such a sentence, because they imply possession.
Perhaps the King, though angry with his Prime
Minister, desired to be royally polite by not calling
attention to this misuse of his own tongue, and
therefore replied in the same defective English.
Another respectable company of the children of
men are interested in the tiff because of their re
spect for the mother tongue. The King had spread
a banquet, not a tiffin, but a full meal, to which
Lord Salisbury was invited with an R. S. V. P. card.
When the tiff occurred between the Minister and
the monarch the Minister said, "Then I had better
leave my seat at the banquet vacant," and the mon
arch answered, "Yes, you had better leave it vacant."
Shakespeare said of an ancestor of the Prime Min
ister, "Now lift up thy brow, «renowned Salisbury!"
The current generation of readers of Shakespeare
may well cry out, "'Now lift up thy grammar," to his
descendant. The English verb has rights which
Ministers and monarchs must respect.
the promotion of favorites. It is a revelation of the
difference between the British sj r stem and* ours.
The Eresident of the United States has the nominat
iilg power, but cannot appoint without the consent of
the Senate. The Prime Minister, who is chairman
of a parliamentary committee called the Ministry,
has the nominating power, without which the King
cannot appoint. Positions are reversed. Our Presi
dent is in the shoes of the Prime Minister, and the
King lines up with our Senate. We respect him
highly. He is the head of a great and friendly
power, and it is not our fault if he is the analogue
of our peculiar and sometimes tempestuous Senate,
where members cufi each other's ears and fling de
fiance, like noise from a buzzsaw. All that change
comes of the revolution of 1688 and the progress in
parliamentary government since the days of Wal
PART of the world was interested in the report
that Edward VII and his Prime Minister,
Lord Salisbury, have had a tiff. The tiffing
between them was caused by the refusal of Salisbury
to present for the peerage a friend of the King
whom he desired to favor by that promotion. This
is information to many who have supposed that the
King was as independent as his predecessors, the
Stuarts, Tudors and Plantagenets, in the matter of
THE KING'S BNGLISa
CIVIL SERVICE— A. S., Placerville,
Cal. For information relative to civil
service examinations / apply in person* or
by letter to the parties In charge of the
department in which you would like to
take the examination? or communicate
with the Civil Service Commission, Wash
ington, D. C.
PRINCE OF WALES— E. P.. City. The
eldest son of the reigning- monarch of
Great Britain is the Prince of "Wales. Tha
Prince "at this time is George Frederick,
Duke of Cornwall and York and Duke of
Rothsay in Scotland , and the heir ap
parent. He was born January 3, 18S5. ,
FIELD DAT— E. R., City. It was tho
Oakland Hiph School team that won the
field day of the Academic Athletic League
on the Berkeley campus In the spring of
1901. The date was April 13.
THREE-CENT PIECES— C. H.. Vlsalia,
Cal. There Is a firm In New York that
offers from 25 to 50 cents Tor silver 3-cent
pieces, of 1SG5, according to state of preser
PHILADELPHIA COIN-L. A. H..
City. A $5 piece coined in the United
States Mint at Philadelphia in 1840 does
not command a premium.
ANSWERS TO QUERIES.
TUESDAY. JUNE 3, 1902
~~ JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor.
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<Loss Distance Telephone "Central 2619.")
NEW TORK CORRESPONDENT:
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JIOUTO.V E. CRANE. Correspondent.
BRANCH OFFICES 527 Montgomery, corner of Clay, open
until 8:30 o'clock. 800 Hayes, open until 9:30 o'clock. «533
McAllister, open ur.t!l 9:30 o'clock. C15 Larkin, open until
9:30 o'clock. 1941 illusion, open until 10 o'clock. 2261
Market, corner Sixteenth, open until .9 o'clock. 1096 Va
lencia, open until 9 o'clock. 106 Eleventh, open until 9
o'clock. NW. corner Twenty-second and Kentucky, open
until 9 o'clock. 2200 Fillmore, open until 9 p. m.
While each side will of course assert a sanguine ex
pectation of a sweeping victory, it is clear the con
test is going to be a closeone. It is to be a battle
over new issues, and no' one can foresee how the
people will divide upon them. Republicans can af
ford to take no risks, and here in California every
thing should be done to return a solid Republican
delegation. , • ' *
The gerrymandering of districts is not expected to
cut much figure in the contest. One of the most
careful calculators of the outlook says: "It is a no
table fact that not since the war had, so many North
ern Legislatures been in Democratic hands as^vvhen
the apportionments were made under the census of
1890, and yet in no decade since the war have the Re
publicans carried such a series of Congresses as in
the present one. This looks as if gerrymanders re
acted on their makers, and, while this is not exactly
true, it may be recalled that issues often come on so
t;nexpectedly as to upset all calculations and to ren
der of no effect platw^of this sort. The Republicans
are now in, control of nearly every Northern Legis
lature and have in most instances cut up the States
to suit themselves. It remains to be seen w*hat the
Democrats can do in these new lines of battle." .
To offset those gains, however, the Republicans
expect to win seats now occupied by Democrats in
Illinois, Ohio and New^York.. Their chances of
makinf, such gains are fully as good, to say the least
of the:n, as are the Democratic chances of winning
in Pennsylvania or Indiana. . .
Hardly any gain can be expected in New England.
New York promises little. In fact, some of the seats
now held by Democrats in that State may be lost to
Democracy. On r the other hand, Pennsylvania poli
tics is in such a shape that there is a showing for one
or two Democratic gains in that State, and it is be
lieved that one or more may be gained in Indiana.
At the present time .Republicans^ have two mem
bers from Missouri, two from North Carolina, two
from Tennessee, three from Kentucky a"nd six from
Marylandr It is not believed they can hold all of
those seats ..in the. next Hc^ise,.,, Probably .qftih^fif I
teen the Democrats may capture as many as ten.
There would remain sixteen additional members to
be gained. Where will 'they come from?
majority.. At the' present time .the Democrats have
168 members, of whom 118 are from the Southern
States and 50 from the North and West. To get
control of the next House they must gain 26 mem
bers. The question, as to where the needed seats are
to be gained is that which is .now occupying the at
tention of campaign committees of both parties.
Setting aside these assertions of the different par
ties as equally unreliable, some experts have begun
close figuring on the prospects of "the -campaign.
There will be. 386 Representatives, elected, and of
course 194 members will be required to have a bare
While admitting that the Democrats have a good
fighting chance by reason of the usual ebb and flow
in the strength of parties, Republican leaders main
tain that the party will "continue its control of the
House, Their argument is that there is nothing in
the present situation to render the supporters of the
party in 1900 discontented either with the Govern
ment or with Congress, and consequently there will
be no such gain to the Democratic ranks as , san
guine Democrats expect; ..
WASHINGTON politicians have begun giv
ing out estimates of the probable results of
the Congressional elections. It is conceded
by all that the Democrats will have a good chance to
win by reason of the tendency of the administration
party to break away at elections in off years. Since
Grant's second inauguration the House elected at
the middle of a Presidential term has been opposed
to the administration in every case except in the
first terms of Cleveland and McKinley. Basing their
hopes upon an expectation of a repetition of the
course of politics In the past, the Democratic lead
ers assert that as their party is now free from the
blight of Byyanism it will gain accessions from all
who are discontented with the administration and
control the next House by a good majority.
THE NEXT CONGRESS.
" A report from Portugal is to the effect that a rich
woman bequeathed her ] entire fortune, which was
large, to be held in trust for a pet rooster. Her rel
atives killed the rooster, ate him and are now apply
ing, for the estate as next of kin. The courts are
having trouble to know how to act, but it is safe to
say the .lawyers are not fretting. — _^ '
Colonel William H. Forwood, who has
for several months acted as assistant to
the surgeon general, will probably be ad
vanced, but even in the event of his ap
pointment Colonel Forwood will serve as
the head of the medical department of the
army only for a short time, inasmuch as
he will reach the age limit of 64 years on
September 4 next. . He is now ranking of
ficer in the department next to General
Sternberg. Colonel Forwood Is a native
of Delaware. He graduated from the Uni
versity of Pennsylvania and Georgetown
University. He entered the army at the
outbreak of the Civil War as an assistant
surgeon and served throughout the con
flict. In 1S65 he was brevetted a captain
and major for faithful and meritorious
services during the war. He reached his
present rank in 1837.
The refusal of the House to retire Gen
eral Sternberg with an advancement to
the rank of major general, with an in
crease of $1500 per year in pay was due
almost entirely to Representative Can
non's sudden fit of economy. He is watch
ing every Item of expenditure In the
House these days, and nothing escapes
his eagle eye. If anything goes through
it is in spite of his strenous objection. In
the regular order of retirement General
Sternberg will recelv $3700 annually. Can
non thought this sufficient 1 , and that set
CALL BUREAU, 1406 G STREET, N.
W., WASHINGTON, June 2.— Surgeon
General Sternberg of the army was de
nied the privilege of retirement with the
rank of major general by the decisive ac
tion of the House to-day. Chairman Hulf
of tho Military Committee asked for the
consideration of the bill under the suspen
sion of the rules. A two-thirds vote was
required for this action, which failed on
roll call by 68 ayes to 103 noes, with ten
present and not voting. This action by
the House wHl make it necessary for the
bill to lie over until it comes up under
the regular call of the committees. By
that time General Sternberg will have his
retirement, as his time under the age
limit expires June 8.
Special orders were adopted for the
consideration of the anti-anarchy bill an.l
those to transfer -certain forest reserves
to the Agricultural Department. The Sen
ate bill -to retire Surgeon General Stern
berg 1 and the House bill to encourage sal
mon culture in Alaska were defeated on
motion to pass them on suspension of tha
rules. ¦• •• •.
Grosvcnor of Ohio, who was in charge of
the resolution, argued that Mr.tfHay, in
eulogizing the martyred President, could
not divorce the man from his achieve
ments and his record as a manly partisan.
Only forty-six Democrats voted against
I say that the man selected to deliver the
address in commemoration of him and to ut
ter the sentiments all the people of this
country entertained for him, and proudly enter
tained, would not have dared to undertake to
deliver a political address when he was speak
ing of a man of such high character, such no
ble nature, such pure life as our assassinated
President. (Applause.) .
I had the honor to be appointed on the
Joint, memorial committee to present suitable
resolutions in honor of our deceased President,
Mr. McKinley, and to select an appropriate
speaker to deliver the eulogy on that occasion.
I accepted the position and united In the se
'ectlon of the present Secretary of State to
deliver the eulogy. I listened with great care
and attention to the address delivered by Mr.
Hay. I think I am as keenly alive to every
thing that affects the interests and the honor
and the welfare of the Democratic party as my
friend from Missouri, but from whom I en
tirely dissent on this occasion. I listened to
that address with great care, with great cau
tion and even with a disposition to criticize if
anything wrong had been said. Put I failed
to detect in the whole of that address anything
that I thought was improper to be said or any
thing said in a party spirit. And I feel sure
that If the man selected for the great duty of
speaking on that occasion the sentiments of
the American people had dared to inject into
his address anything that was an appeal to
party spirit and party sentiment, the shade of
our great President, breaking the cerements
of the tomb, would have appeared before him
and at once challenged his utterances. Any
man who would have made here on such an
occasion a speech political In its character
would in doing so have dishonored the memory
of McKinley' s great absence of partisan feel
ing and partisan ideas.
Hooker spoke as follows
WASHINGTON, June 2.— The House to
day by a vote of 129 to 46 suspended the
rules and adopted the joint resolution ex
tending the thanks of Congress to Secre
tary of State John Hay for his address
on the occasion of the McKlnley memorial
exercises last February. Unanimous con
sent for the consideration of this resolu
tion was objected to by De Armond of
Missouri some time ago, and to-day Clark
of Missouri made'a twenty-minute speech
in opposition to its adoption on the
ground that Hay abused the occasion by
injecting a "Republican stump speech" in
to the^address. General Hooker of Mis
sissippi, a one-armed Confederate veteran,
delivered an eloquent defense of Hay's
address, denying that it contained any
thing that- was objectionable from a
such necessity or emergency." It is fur
ther provided that the ordinance increas
ing the tax rate, must be passed by a
unanimous vote of the Supervisors and
approved by the Mayor. I repeat that it
has been the almost universal opinion and
understanding of taxpayers that the
Supervisors could not and would not ex
ceed tbe dollar limit rate of taxation ex
cept in a case of emergency.
HOT AN EMERGENCY CASE.
Emergency, according to Webster, is "a
condition of things appearing suddenly or
unexpectedly; an unforeseen occurrence;
a sudden occasion." Are the Supervisors
meeting any such emergency with this
proposed increase in taxes? I fail to sea
it. On the contrary, they are only creat
ing one for the coming year. The amount
they contemplate raising thl3 year will
create an unfinished hospital and a num
ber of uncompleted school buildings. And
then we will have a genuine emergency
to meet and more taxes to pay.
There v l3 one consoling thought which
will -probably bring some relief to prop
erty owners, which is that the taxes paid
under the 15-cent additional levy will be
returned to them through the courts. I
air convinced of this fact because I am
not a lawyer, and hence it is difficult to
persuade me that the freeholders who
framed the charter meant to build school
houses and other public buildings by di
rect taxation in excess of the dollar
limit or «se why did they say (article
XVI, section 29): "When the Supervisors
shall detefmin©, that the public interest
requires the construction or acquisition
of any' permanent municipal buuaing or
improvement the cost of which In addi
tion • to the other expenses of the city
and county "will exceed the income and
revenue for any one year they must by
ordinance passed by the affirmative vote
of not less than fourteen members of the
board submit a proposition to incur a
bonded indebtedness for such purpose to
the electors of the city and county at a
special election to be held for that pur
pose only," etc.
SHOTJIiD BE A BOND ISSUE.
If this is not a direct requirement to
construct schools and a hospital only by
issuing bonds unless they can be built
within the dollar limit I would like to
know what it means.
The papers have been full of "public
sentiment" articles lately, and "universal
demand" editorials for school buildings
and a new hospital, and I think the Su
pervisors are being misled by them.
There are thousands of taxpayers in this
city who would voice their protests
against this increase of taxes . if they
thought it would avail them anything by
doing so. They don't, because it is trou
blesome and to many it is embarrassing
to make complaints in public. The pres
ent administration has the confidence of
the people, and I have no desire or in
tention of harshly criticizing the Super
visors. I think they are trying to earn
and merit the approval of their constitu
ents and to deal justly with taxpayers.
But I am satisfied they will regret this
"emergency tax" if they pass the or
dinance. There might be some justifica
tion for placing an elastic construction
upon the tax provisions in the charter
if the revenue of San Francisco could not
be increased sufficiently to provide means
for conducting the city government and
also construct the hospitals and schools.
But, ss it can, there is no excuse for levy
ing any additional tax above the $1 rate.
The method is simple, and is the same
employed by other cities, namely, to sup
port their public departments from the
receipts of saloon • licenses instead of
throwing the whole burden on the tax
payers, which is practically what is done
here. The city of Buffalo collects *600,
000 more every year from this source than
we do. The license there is $500 per an
num. Here, in a city of about the same
population, it is only JS4.
CITY'S LOW LIQUOR LICENSE.
San Francisco-haa the lowest liquor^ li
cense of any city in the Lnlted States.
As a result, there are twice as many sa
loons as there would be with a W» li
cense. Considering the fact that nearly
55 per cent of the arrests during the year
are for drunks, the saloons should con
tribute toward the support of the Police
Department the same proportion which
other orojrressive cities demand and col
fect l/?S "ere done fully SOO.000 could
be spared for schools and other improve
ments, and within a few years the "emer
eencv" which the Supervisors are now
trvin- to meet would cease to exist, while
the rate of taxation would be left whera
m now is and should remain— » on the
$100 A - S ' BALDWIN.
San Francisco, June 1.
CaL glac fruit 50c per 1b at Townsend'i.*
Prunes stuffed with apricots. Townsend's.*
Townsend's California glace fruit. 50c a
nound. In fire-etched boxes or Jap. bask
ets A nice present for Eastern friends.
833 "Market St.. Palace Hotel building. •
¦ m ¦ ¦
Special information supplied daily to
business houses and public men by th*
tress Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 230 Call
icrnia street. Telephone Main 1043. *
¦ ? »
Did You Ever Stop to Think
What a pleasure it is to look at pretty
photographs? Get a camera and take tho
photos yourself. We have cameras from
SOc up. Sanborn. Vail & Co., 741 Market. •
A Pottstown, Pa., man who was ab
sent-minded tried to enter a house where
he formerly had lived and was shot by the
new tenant, who. mistook him for a bur
Editor The Call: From present appear
ances tho Board of Supervisors will on
Monday unanimously vote an additional
levy of IVt cents to provide, a fund with
which to commence. the construction of a
new City "and County Hospital and a lika
amount to commence the building of new
schoolhouses. :.". V;;-- ¦* ..
There are not many who. Question tna
desirability of better schoolhouses and
mere of them, and the majority of citi
zens accept as correct the oft-repeated
statement that the City and. County Hos
pital Is a disgrace to the city. Like most
of those who know nothing about the hos
pital I am In favor of building a new one
and I am quite sure that the present
schools are inadequate and doubtless
some of them are unsafe. And so I ad
mit there is at least some ground upon
•which the Supervisors have based the
proposed ordinance and under which tney
intend to Increase taxes 15 per cent.
Is the ground sufficient and are they
complying with the charter? I don't
think so. Article 3, chapter 1. section 11,
requires the Supervisors to fix the tas
levy on or before the last Monday in
June, the rate exclusive of sinking fund
ar.d interest and the cost of maintaining
parks and squares "shall not exceed the
rate of one dollar on each one hundred
dollars valuation of the property as
sessed." Here is a direct prohibition
against any rate of taxation In excess of
the dollar limit. It was the safeguard
which the charter surrounded taxpayers
with, and the protection offered them tra
der the new organic law. Only upon ex
traordinary or unusual occasions was this
limitation to be disregarded. Section 13
of the same chapter quoted above says:
"The limitation in section 11 of thla
chapter upon the rate of taxation shall
not apply in case of any great necessity
or emergency. In such cases the limita
tion may be temporarily suspended so as
to enable the Supervisors to provide for
(The Call does not hold Itself responsible for
the opinions published in this column., but pre
sents them for whatever value they may nave
as communications of general Interest.)
. The Prison Directors have an opportunity to
prove that they are free from other responsibility
than careless discharge of their duty, and the State
will not deal with them harshly for frank admission
of that fact. But what are they going to do, and
when and how?
We are not to be accused of insisting that the
Warden shall be niggardly in entertaining the Gov
ernor of the State, or the Prison Directors. The
people do not want that. But the people do not
expect that the means of such entertainment shall
be falsified by forged bills and be charged off as
prison clothing or jutemill supplies. The people
would not wince at open and true bills for luxuries
used in such entertainment, in the line of victuals
and drink, for the people are hearty and do not de
mand asceticism in their officers. But they want
honesty and frankness. The people, again, do not
criticize their officers for refinement of surroundings.
They are entirely willing that the Governor should
sleep on a bedstead de luxe and that Prison Direct
ors shall feed from a fine table, Uut they don't want
them to be illegally manufactured by prison labor,
of material charged and paid for by the State, as jute
mill supplies or cement sidewalk.
The Call has done its duty. It has secured the
testimony and has put its most important parts out
of the reach of concealment or destruction. It is
not our fault if this evidence hit the Warden, the
Governor or the Prison Directors. It is their fault
if they have taken the risk and incurred the liability.
That evidence shows that when the administration of
Warden Aguirre was in the green stick it began to
violate the law concerning prison industries, and in
the dry it has become responsible for false vouchers
and sophisticated bills.
times. That refusal is an "act-" of insubordination
which should have been promptly dealt with. \ It
should have been reported to the Governor, and he,
the executive of the State, -charged with the faith
ful enforcement of the law, should have at once com
pelled obedience to that order and have rebuked or
punished its refusal. The best guaranty of fidelity
in the discharge of official duty is publicity and unre
stricted access to the public records. In its parti
san aspect there is a division of responsibility. That
is one of the dangers in all bi-partisan control of
public affairs. It was the favorite method of Tweed,
when he led Tammany, and succeeded always in get
ting Republican partnership in his schemes of
spoliation. Experience has proved that bi-partisan
partnership always needs watching. The people of
California are doing the watching. What are the
watched doing? •
The president of the directory has not resented the
refusal of the prison authorities to respect his offi
cial order for an exhibition of the prison books,
which are public records, open to inspection at all
As far as the offenses at San Quentin are concerned
they are in such variety, so complex, and involve so
many, and yet are so interwoven, that they constitute
a whole and complete structure of violation of law.
The people are as well able to judge of the force of
the testimony, as are the Directors. Therefore the
difficulties which beset those officers are many.
What are they going to do about it? They cannot
remain idle and indifferent. That will be official sui
cide, and suicide is confession. Their delay creates
a widespread suspicion that time is being given to en
able the guilty to sophisticate a case. , . .
These occurrences have passed under the noses of
the Prison Directors. What are they going to do
about it? They may plead limitation of their in
quisitorial powers. They may take shelter under
their lack of judicial function to issue writs and com
pel attendance of witnesses. They may appreciate
how closely these acts graze their official personal
ity and flinch from the scars that they would bear
if the truth were demonstrated. They may be among
the beneficiaries of these unlawful proceedings and
therefore be not only legally disqualified from acting
as investigators of themselves, but they may feel
that, no matter how liberal their use of whitewash,
the effect on public opinion will not be exculpatory.
At San Quentin the indisputable evidence is dis
closed that convicts run the business of the prison,
and that, being under the absolute personal control of
the Warden, other convicts have by him been ordered
to engage in pursuits, which are unlawful, using raw
material therein which. is the property of the State,
and that the Warden and his friends and relatives,
official and otherwise, are the beneficiaries of this
unlawful manufacture. This would be illegal even
if the State were reimbursed for the material used.
Whatever opinion one may have of the economics
involved in the statute which forbids all industries in
that prison except the manufacture of jute web and
sacks, it is the law of California, which all- con
cerned must obey. Therefore the surreptitious
manufacture of furniture and harness by 'prison labo£»
is unlawful, and, being done by the order and with
the knowledge of the Warden, is in violation of his
official oath and obligation. If the State is not
compensated for the use of its property, the act con
stitutes embezzlement of the property of the State.
If that property is billed as something else than what
it really is, and is paid for by the State, the crim
inality is increased by. the presentation of a false
and forged voucher, which is also a criminal offense
denounced as a felony. . ¦ . .
rpHE affair San Qucntin, in the expressive lan
1 guage of the street, is up to the Prison Direct
¦V ors. A majority of them are , Democrats. The
intention' to make the prison administration non
partisan has been carried out, as far as surface indi
cations go. The Warden of San Quentin is a Repub
lican, and the Warden of Folsom is a Democrat.
Both are under fire,. The Folsom officer is accused
of subordinating the guards and the public employes
and officers of the prison to the domination of fa
vored convicts, whose advice is taken in matters of
THE PRISON DIRECTORS.
TO RETIRE AS
IN DEFENSE OF
The issue is an old one arid is well understood.
We refer to it only to remind the public that there
is to be this year a complete new registration. For
mer registers do not count. The best time to attend
to the duty is now. There can hardly be any more
important business confronting the citizen-this week
than that of getting his name on the register, so that
he will be sure of his right to vote when the time
comes. • ...-'¦.
boss rule. As a matter of fact- their opposition
amounts to little. On election, day, it is the .votes, and
not : the talk that counts, and citizens however good
who have not registered cannot vote. The bosses
never fail to get their, men registered. Their votes
can be counted on. It is for that, reason they
are powerful. If only public, spirit and patriotism
could induce men to attend to their political duties
as promptly and as efficiently as the boss can' induce
his 'following 'to register and vote there. would be no
such thing as boss rule in the United States.
RIGHT TO ADD
TO DOLLAR RATE
THE SAN FRANCISCO .CALL, .TUESDAY* . JUNE 3, 1902.
Call subscribers contemplating a. change of
residence during 1 the summer months can have
their paper forwarded by mall to their new
addresses by notifying The Call Business Office.
This paper frill also be on sale at all summer
resorts and is represented by a local agent in
ell toivns on the coast.
TO SUBSCRIBERS LEAVING TOWN FOR THE SUMMER.