Newspaper Page Text
FENCES— F. F. L., Wells, Nev. The
matter of fences and compelling a neigh
bor to pay one-half of the cost of a
division fence is regulated by local Iawc
The question involved in the letter of in
quiry . ought to be submitted to an at
torney. This department does not under
take to furnish legal advice. It will give
the law, but ..will not either give corre
spondents advice as to what they should
do under- the law or give opinions or de
PAWNBROKER'S SIGN— J A R
Ceres, Cal. The three balls so well known
as the pawnbroker's sign were originally
the arms of the Medici family, the ear
liest, and most important of . the money
lenders of- Lombardy. ¦ - The three balls
were first used ' in England by the ager t
of that family, and were afterward copied
by others. They represent three gilded
pills and were used by the Medici in al
lusion , to the profession jj of medicine in
which the family was eminent, and from
which it derived its name.
St. Louis appears to have found her boodlers "out"
in more ways than one. None of them were at home
when called for, and ir looks as if it will be impossible
to find them even by advertising for them.
The Bcxers seem determined to let the world know
that China will never be christianized by missionaries
unless the missionaries have Gatling guns.
A MINOR'S WAGES— W. H. K., City.
The law of California says that tho father
of a legitimate child is entitled to the cus
tody, services and earnings of such while
a minor and in case of the death of the
father then the mother is entitled to such.
Further the law says: "The wages of a
minor employed in service may be paid
to him until the parent or guardian en
titled thereto gives the employer notice
that he. claims the same."
TREATY. OF QUERETARO— E. B.,
Mokelumne Hill, Cal. The treaty of Quer
etaro between the United States and Mex
ico, so far as it applies to citizenship. Is
that "Mexicans residing in the territory
ceded (California) are to have the right
to be American citizens of the United
States or not, as they may desire." The
treaty does not confer citizenship on any
THE BIG TREES— J.L., City. There is
no certainty as to the age of the big
trees of California, . but the impression
of those best versed In such matters is
that they are about three thousand years
old. In periodical literature and in Hutch
ings' history of the Yosemite there is to
be found a great deal concerning the sev
eral groves of big trees in this State.
THE ROCKEFELLERS— J. P. W., Port
Costa Cal. John D. Rockefeller resides
at 4 West Fifty-fourth street, New York
City, and William R. Rockefeller at 639
Fifth avenue, same city. This depart
ment has no information that John D.
Rockefeller "is a physical wreck."
HE CAN VOTE— O. O. T. B., Bouldin
Island, Cal. An individual born of Chi
nese parents in the United States can, on
arriving of age, vote if he possesses the
necessary qualifications as to residence,
and, in some States, ability to read and*
Prescribes correct forms " of stationery.
We have the right papers for polite cor
respondence, and also ideas for engraving
visiting cards and wedding announce
ments. Sanborn, Vail & Co.., 741 Market
street. /.* • t'.
Upon whom has the tariff been- an imposition? It
has imposed prosperity upon Democrats as well as
Republicans. It has imposed fair profits upon Dem
ocratic business men as well as upon Republican
business men, and it has imposed good wages upon
Democratic workingmen as well as upon their col
leagues who vote the Republican ticket,; but; wV know
This issue of maintaining the legislation that has
protected American enterprise and American labor
is the dominant one of the time for the people of the
United States. It is to be regretted that it should
be a partisan issue, for the benefits of protection flow
to all; they reach the pockets of every worker and
enter every home. Democracy in California has de
nounced the Dingley tariff as unjust and as an im
position upon the people. It /would be interesting
to have the candidates of that party questioned as to
specific instances of the alleged injustice. Is it un
jus^ to protect California industries? Should our
producers of fruit, . lumber, wines, sugar and hops
and our raisers of cattle and sheep have no protec
tion in the home market? They.pay taxes to support
the Government Should the Government do noth
ing for them? • : ¦¦'**'
The issues of the day are the maintenance of pros
perity and the advancement of the welfare of the
-A'orkingmcn of the country. With both subjects
Mr. Gillette dealt clearly and forcibly. "To the
present tariff law," he said, "this nation is largely in
debted for its great piosperity. From the very mo
ment the Dingley bill became a law the tide turned
Confidence was at once restored, capital became ac
tive/labor was sought for, mills that had been idle
were once again busy scenes of life and activity, 'and
new enterprises grew up on every side." There is
nothing rew in that statement. Its value lies in the
fact that it serves to recall to the voters of the First
District facts that are of household knowledge
throughout California, and to remind them of the
danger that would surely result' from Democratic
supremacy in the House of Representatives and a
renewed agitation for free trade.
HON. J. N. GILLETTE, Republican nominee
for Congress in the First District, opened his
campaign with a speech at Truckee that will
serve to rally to his support every. voter who has an
intelligent conception of the issues of the day and
their relation to the welfare of California. ' The place
of the oration was far from his Humboldt home, but
Mr. Gillette will be in Congress a representative of
the mining interests of Nevada as well as of the lum
ber interests of his own county, and it was a graceful
compliment to his constituents to begin his cam
paign among those who live most remote from his
THE FIGHT IN THE FIRST.
SUCCESSION— Subscriber, City. 'If a
man dies in this State and he does not
leave a will, but leaves children and
brothers and sisters, but no surviving
v;ife, the entire estate that he may leave
goes to the children.
October 7th and 8th the Rock Island System
will sell Round Trip Tickets, good sixty days,
at Half rates to points East. For full partlo
ulara call or address Rock Island Ticket Office,
623 Market St.. San Francisco. •
Beduced Hates East.
"Don't you think that a man ought to
study political economy before he under
takes the responsibilities of a Government
"Not before," answered Senator Sorg
hum. "If he puts in his time that way
somebody is going to steal a march on
him sure. After he is elected he can put
in his leisure studying political economy
or playing golf, or doing anything else
that may please him."— Washington Star.
NOT CITIZENS— O.O. T. B., Bouldin
Island, Cal. A native of China cannot be
come a citizen of tho United States. The
naturalization of Chinese, is prohibited by
the laws of '1882, section_14, chapter 126.
Special Information supplied dally to
business houses and public men by the
Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 230 Cali
fornia street. Telephone Main 1043. •
The present strain upon the finances of the country
to handle the big crcps emphasizes the need of an
elastic currency, and it requires no great amount of
rubbering to 1 perceive the fact.
Townsend's California Glace fruit and
candies, 50c a pound, in artistic fire-etched
boxes. A nice present for Eastern friends.
639 Market St., Palace Hotel building. •
WASHINGTON'S DEATH— Subscriber,
City. George Washington died at mid
night Saturday, December 31, 1799, which
was the last hour Of the last day of the
last month of the last year of the 170O's.
NEW YORK, Sept. 19.-,The following
Calif ornians have arrived: San Francisco
— W. Kirkpatrick, J.- C. Kirkpatrick, at
the Holland; W. D. Lawton, at the St.
Denis; H. J. Rogers and wife, at the Park
Avenue; J. Blanchard, at the Hoffman;
Mrs. R. M. Hamilton, at the Netherland;
E. L. Kohlberg and wife, at the Savoy;
J. Lanzenberg. at the Herald Square;
Mrs. T. H. Mead, at the Kensington.
Los Angeles— L. T. Garnsey, at the Nor
Californlaiis In New York.
Prunes stuffed with apricots. Townsend's.*
INGERSOLL— S. E. C, City. Inger
soll's eulogy at the tomb of Napoleon I«
to be found in IngersoH's works, which
can be seen at the Free Public Library.
VERBAL PROMISE— W. H. K., Gity.
A verbal promise of marriage, in the
presence of witnesses, is as valid as one
in writing. *
CHINESE— O. O. T. B., Bouldin Island,
Cal. The Chinese population of Califor
nia, according* to the census of 1900, was
42,297 males and 34K3 females.
ANSWERS 10 QUERIES
TEA TAX— A. I., City. The war tax on
tea will be discontinued on the 1st of
E. C. Farnsworth, Democratic candi
date for' Associate Justice of the Supreme
Court, is here from Vlsalla and is at the
A. ; B. Brewster is here from the Klon
dike and has made his. headquarters at
E. K. Smart, a mining man of Grass
Valley, is among the arrivals at the
Grand. • '
Fred J. Siebert of Tonopah is at the
M. Genher of Berlin is registered at
Dr. D. J. Mercer of Mountain View is
at the California.
R. F. Johnson, Mayor of Monterey, is
a • guest at the Palace.
F. J. Filz, a prominent merchant of
Seattle, is a guest at the Lick.
J. R. Foster, proprietor, of the Western
Hotel at Marysville, is at the Lick.
D. S. Rosenbaum, a banker and mer
chant of Stockton, is at the Palace. .
Congressman Newlands is here from
Nevada and is registered at the Palace.
Such is the record of the man whom the Republi
cans present once more as their candidate State
Treasurer. They ask for him not only the support of
all Republicans but of all independent voters as well.
Mr. Reeves has been tested in office and found to be
the right man in the right place. Let him be. re
clected by an increased majority.
In 1890 he was elected Treasurer of San Bernar
dino County and served, in that capacity with honor
and credit until 1898, when he was elected State
Treasurer by a large majority. His administration
of this latter office has been marked by a close per
sonal supervision of the affairs of the office, a busi
ness-like execution pf all the duties thereof and a
pleasant and courteous treatment of the public',
coupled. with an absolute and irreproachable accuracy
in discharging his trust.
In 1875 Mr. Reeves removed to San Bernardino,
where he continued his vocation of watchmaker and
jeweler until 1890. He was prominently identified
with many of the early movements for the better
ment of the State through modern methods of irriga
tion, and was ever a leading citizen and a power in
the advancement of the interests of. the common
With indomitable courage he returned to his
workman's bench, and in the face of apparently in
superable obstacles prepared to again make his live
lihood at his chosen trade of watchmaker and jew
eler. Handicapped as he was by the loss of an arm,
his 1 inventive genius enabled htm to conquer fate.
He invented and perfected an appliance to serve in
lieu of the lost member, and with its aid soon ranked
among the most proficient in his craft and became
widely known as "the one-armed watchmaker."
He received the common school education preva
lent at that time, and at 18 years of age started out
for himself to make his way in the world. He be
came an apprentice to a firm of watchmakers and
jewelers of Warren, Ohio, and was with them at the
outbreak of the Civil War in 1861. He was one of
the first to answer the call for troops, and left his
bench to go to the front as a private in the Sixth
Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, and remained in this branch
of the service all through the war, taking, part in
most of the actions in which the Army of the Poto
mac was engaged, and re-enlisting in 1864 for the re
mainder of the war. In June, 1864, at Cold Harbor,
he lost his left arm in action and was retired from
the service with the rank of second lieutenant by
brevet, returning from the front to his home in Or
Born August 17, 1840, at Chardon, Ohio, Mr.
Reeves spent his early youth on a farm, where he did
all the usual odds and ends of work commonly left
for the "boy" to do; going to school six months in
the year and- pegging along with farmworkthe other
six. ¦ ' . .' •
The life of Truman Reeves needs no elaboration to
make it attractive to those who honor sterling Amer
ican manhood. His career has been hot dissimilar to
that of thousands of Americans of his/generation
who faced the dangers of i860 and, after 'risking life
•itself to free the- slave and save the Union, have borne
up against the handicap of wounds and loss of limbs
in the competition of industrial life and maintained
an honored place in the esteem of all who- know
HON. TRUMAN REEVES, State Treasurer,
is one of the members of the present Repub
lican administration of California whom the
people' honor for service in war as well as in peace.
His^patriotic loyalty and his courage were tested by
the arduous experience of a soldier during the Civil
War as thoroughly as his fidelity . and . business
sagacity have been tested in private and public life
through the years of peace that have followed that
strife. Having been deservedly renominated by the
Republican party, he once more appears before the
people for their suffrages and may justly' ask them on
the double record he has made in peace and in war.
HON. TRUMAN "BEEVES.
Trotting Tom— Oh, he read in a paper
last night that the volume of the world's
commerce is two and a half or three times
as great as it was thirty years ago.—
Plodding Pete— "What makes Weary Wil
lie so chesty this morning?
"This is your note, isn't it?" demanded
the bill collector, slapping it down on the
desk. "You recognize it, don't you?"
"Yes," replied Ardup with dignity. "I
recognize it, sir, but I must decline to
meet It."— Washington Star. •¦
Judge— How so?
"He does not believe in the 'divine right
of kings.* "
"I know; but he does believe in the di
vine right of coal barons!"— Baltimore
Fudge— Tea. that trust magnate la a
typical American in one respest.
Casey— 'Tls thot. If ye wa-ant to keep
yer head above wather these days, ye
ca-an't let th' grass grow under yere feet.
Misther DInnls.— Detroit Free Press.
Dennis— 'Tls th' ear-ly bur-rd gets th*
wur-rm, Misther Casey.
"Hard boiled!" he cried. Until that mo
ment people had willfully mistaken hl3
taste. — Baltimore Herald.
The landlady was speaking.
"Mr. Barnstorme, how do you like your
. The tragedian's face relaxed into an ex
pression of joy.
The Colombian Government is protesting because
every passenger and freight train on the Panama
Kailway is guarded by United States bluejackets,
equipped with rapid-fire guns. Let that Government
cease to protest and learn the lesson taught by the
bluejackets. They are there as an expression of. the
power of the United States to perform its treaty ob
ligation. The source of that power is stability of
government. It is the dream of Simon Bolivar real
ized. That soldier and statesman sought to concrete
all the warring and jairing nations of Central Amer
ica into united states, under a federal system like
ours. He said that with this accomplished he would
disarm the soldiers and dig an isthmian canal. Had
the United States of Central America been formed
sixty yer.rs ago, and the canal built, the isthmus and
the northern part of South America would to-day
be one great nation, abreast of the world in the arts
of peace and strong enough to compel peace at home
znd command respect abroad.
When the flighty and headstrong countries south
of us learn to do this by being compelled to do it, they
will have learned something of great advantage to
themselves. They must be taught this from the out
tide, for they secln incapable of learning it themselves.
They sre even unmoved by the honorable example of
Mexico, which, under the highly enlightened govern
ment of Diaz, has recovered from the chronic itch
for revolution, has instituted a system of jurispru
dence and taken her place among the nations which
relate stability of government and protection of life
and property to national progress and prosperity.
What Diaz has done in Mexico wise men can do in
the governments south of her. Unfortunately their
frequent revolutions are simply to attain power
usually for misuse, and not for the establishment of
any useful principle, nor to lay the foundation of civil
One drawback to the construction of the isthmian
canal has been this revolutionary habit in those pep
pery little States. They have imperfectly learned or
are perfectly indifferent to their international obli
gations ar.d responsibilities, and when forced to make
restitution for humiliating outrages upon foreigners,
or for spoliation of their property, they protest that
their national dignity ic affronted. The day is past
in which they can do as they please with neutral
rights and alien interests. The strong nations, whose
poA-er and dignity are of concurrent measure, have
long since accorded respect and protection to each
Even without the treaty obligation we are clearly
within our international rights in protecting the road
and its termini as an American interest, and we
would do so without in any way interfering with the
Government or rebels against its authority in using
all domestic facilities against each other. We have
no desire to interfere with the innocent amusement
afforded by revolution. It is the Latin- American
habit and may be indulged to any extent, provided it
is done with proper respect for the rights of neutrals
and the property of cliens.
It happens, in the frequent revolutions which af
fect and disturb that country and retard its progress,
that the neutrality of the railway is resented by the
Government and by the rebels, in turn, as each dis
covers that its use would strengthen their military
operations. But neither has the right to complain.
The road was not built to aid rebellion nor to sup
press it. That Central American pastime must be
indulged on foot and not in the cars, for the United
States, by treaty, is the trustee of neutral right to the
unobstructed use of the road, and proposes to dis
charge that trusteeship, no matter who protests. •
IN some quarters criticism is heard because United
States forces are guarding the Panama Railroad
and keeping it open during the present revolution
in that country. ,In doing this we are simply dis
charging our treaty obligations. The Panama Rail
road was built by American capital, not to supply a
convenience to the Government of Colombia nor to
rebels against its authority, but for the commercial
purposes of all nations whose trade uses that method
of transportation across the isthmus.
THE PANAMA RAILROAD.
A CHAiNCE TO SMILE
One of the curiosities of trade is that New York
has been importing large quantities of venison fronv
Europe. It would seem that at present prices -Ameri-;
can beef would be dear meat enough for them".' ." ¦
SATURDAY.............. SEPTEMBER 20, 1902
JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor.
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NEW YORK NEWS STANDS:
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MOIITOX E. CRAKE, Correspondent.
BRANCH OFFICES— 627 Montgomery, corner of Clay, open
until 9:30 o" clock. 300 Hayes, open until 9:30 o'clock. G33
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lencia, open until 9 o'clock. 108 EIe%-enth, open until 9
o'clock. NW. corner Twenty-second and Kentucky, open
until 9 o'clock. 2200 Fillmore, open until 0 p. m.
Publishers seem to be almost falling
over each other in their eagerness to give
Maxim Gorky's writings to English read
ers. One result of this is that two ver
sions of a book by him have appeared
almost simultaneously. In one transla
tion the story is entitled "Three of
Them," and in the other. "Three Men."
Miss Mary Cholmondeley, the authoress
of "Red Pottage," has completed a new
novel, which she has christened "Moth
and Rust," and which, after appearing
serially, will .be published by John Mur
"_ A new novel by .Robert Hitchens Is to
appear before very long through Messrs.
Heinemann withahe. title "Felix.". It is
a study of an impressionable youth just
entering upon the turmoil of life. Its ac
tion covers about three . years. When it
ends it leaves him still on the threshold
of manhood. He is bereft of many illu
sions, subjected to a great sorrow, yet
saved from cynicism by the Influence of
one whose intellect he had been inclined
to "despise. ¦ . .
How details of royal orders- to shop
keepers leak out is, of course, a mystery,
but they certainly at times' give an in
teresting indication . as to certain royal
tastes. A well known West End book
seller received a few days ago a royal
order for a large consignment of novels,
an order which included much fiction of
the lighter sort, of which her Majesty
the Queen is said to be very fond. Books
dealing with political and diplomatic plots
and problem novels have no fascination
for her. She dislikes heavy philosophy
or too subtle analysis. To judge from thi3
order her Majesty is disposal to dip into
the new class of American" fiction . that
latterly has been put in .the English mar
ket—the fiction of what, in default of a
better description, has been called^ "the
American kailyard school." .'
It is ' admitted that the seven stories
narrated' in Her new volume, "The Wings
of the World," are fresh and original in
conception and full of dramatic incident,
but the Duchess has not improved her
style— In fact, the reviewer for the Pall
Mall Gazette draws attention to blem
ishes and -faults in grammar which were
quite absent in the first volume. "Many
of the sentences," says this writer, "are
rendered obscure by slovenliness of con
.While all'her friends are interested nat
urally in the Duchess of Sutherland's lat
est-production, "The Wings- of -the
World," the reviewers are not quite kind.
A few years ago, when a novel published
by the Duchess, called "One Hour and
the Next," failed to attract any great no
tice, many of the best judges of litera
ture were surprised, for it was declared
that the literarv talent displayed by the
authoress was very striking.
The past season, with its few new is
sues and great sale of sixpenny editions
of the more popular works, is beginning;
it would seem, to create great perturba
tion among the retail book sellers. The
immense changes in the price of books
and the spread of free libraries, together
with the preparations, even this season,
for further big sixpenny editions, -are so
affecting the retail sellers, particularly in
the provinces, that they are being forced
to add "other trades to that of book sell
ing to keep their heads above water.
All of the famous novelist's most im
portant and best literary work has been
performed in his home. In the small
Hoosler city, surrounded on every side
by broad views of the low, rolling, wood
ed landscape, General Wallace wrote
"Ben-Hur." Since the appearance of the
famous novel its birthplace has been the
mecca of hundreds of literary lovers. It
is very seldom, indeed, that a week goes
by without bringing to the general's
ticor a visitor who has sought the spot
to view "Ben-Hur's" birthplace for him
self. The general has become accustom
ed to these visits and offers no objection
to a quiet pilgrimage through his private
grounds and even through the rooms of
his own home and of his study.
Possibly no chapter In the book will
abound with more genuine romance than
the narrative of the general's adventures
with the notorious Western bandit and
outlaw, "Billy the Kid." It was due to
General Wallace's efforts and to his ad
ministration of affairs in the Southwest
as Governor of New Mexico that "Billy
the Kid" finally was hunted down and
shot to death by Sheriff Patrick Garrett.
The battle • of Shiloh occurred about
midway in the life of the. famous author
—midway as years count. During the
time that has since elapsed he has been
engaged upon the story of the remainder
of hin life— a fact that will go far to show
how thoroughly he has taken into consid
eration every detail of importance oc
curring within his long career.
In the general's autobiography there
will be a chapter devoted to an exhaus
tive description of the battle of Shiloh.
It will be the last word written upon the
great historic conflict by a commander
engaged in the strife of that memorable
day. In speaking of this battle, , which
Is so intimately connected with General
AVallace's own career, no mention is made
of the fact that an effort was put forth
at the time to make him the scapegoat
for the blunders of his superior officers.
General Wallace considers himself exon
erated finally from the stigma that at
tached to his name In the days that fol
lowed the great civil conflict. His atti
tude in writing of the battle is calm, dig
nified, precise and eloquent. He views it
from the historian's standpoint and al
lows no personal prejudice whatever to
creep into his descriptions.
News comes from Crawfordsville, Ind..
the home of General Lew Wallace, that
the author of "Ben-Hur" ' will soon com
plete the new work he has been writing
for the last three years. This probably
will be the general's longest narrative
tnd will be in the nature of an autobi
ography. Although the work will assume
this general characteristic it will, never
theless, abound in short accounts of a
nature quite as thrilling as the chariot
race excerpt from his "Ben-Hur." -
At present Dr. Marage Is engaged in
perfecting his invention and studying par
ticularly those words in the production
of which the cheeks play a more or less
important part, for in this direction he
feel3 he has not yet achieved perfection.
Thus there are far greater possibilities
for this self-talking machine than appear
from a first glance at It. Now that it is
possible to make exact mechanical re
productions of the human mouth with
pliable lips, perfect teeth, and all tho
wonderful inner mechanism, it will be
possible to use these mechanical wore),
producers on a magnified scale on steam
ships at night and in fogs, and many dis
asters may thereby be averted.
Another important application of this
synthetic process can be made in the con
struction of ear trumpets that will not
fatigue the deaf, because they will not
modify the grouping oscillation adapte'
to the ear. Dr. Marage has also con
structed the "acouometer," giving a typ
ical sound of the vowel "a," for example,
which may be used as a standard tJ
which certain other sounds may be re
Dr. Marage purposes to modify the
steam sirens used on shipboard so that
they will imitate the vowel sounds. Thu3
different phonetic syllables may be ob
tained which may be used to form an in
These false mouths, as it were, are
made of plaster of paris, and are fitted
to sirens giving the appropriate combin
ation of sounds. Dr. Marage then sets
his machine in operation and the vowels
art produced synthetically.
This machine has been constructed so
as to reproduce the interior of a person's
rceuth while pronouncing the different
vowels, using the plastic substance em
ployed by dentists.
Of ccurae, the phonograph is not a-talk
ing machine, because it merely gives off
a record that has already been made upon
a cylinder by an actual human voice. Dr.
Ma rage's machine, however, creates the
vowel sounds at first hand.
Although many attempts have been
made at this, it Is only now that success
has teen attained, and before long we
may expect to have a machine that can
A remarkable triumph in mechanical in
ventions has just been achieved by Dr.
Marage of London, who has succeeded in
constructing a machine that can utter
plainly and distinctly the five vowels— a,
e, i. o, u. :.-r t "?¦
No; Chairman Jones and Democratic Congress
men exulted prematurely. The party of protection
and sound money will still guard the interests of in
dustry and will itself correct whatever eviis have
grown out of a prosperity of which the world has
seen no equal.
The next House is safe, anyway, but were it ob
viously in danger the community of interests between
the industries of the North and the South would save
it for the party that has protected them. The same
motives are rife among the workingmen of the
North. The Examiner in this city is flinging the'
Caesars and Roman history at the labor unions. It
omitted to notice that in the great parade on Labor
day, a few weeks ago, hard-handed and clear-headed
workingmen bore banners inscribed, "Protection to
American industries." What has that paper to offer
in exchange for the great policy that takes all labor
within.its protecting sweep? It stands for free trade,
for a return of the trials that beset and beggared
labor from 1893 to 1S97.
The Republican party has given her protection and
the gold standard, and for the first time in her his
tory that section is enjoying general and genuine
prosperity. The business capacity and keenness
shown by the South have surprised even thrifty New
England, and the signs multiply that she does not in
tend to go from plenty back to a crust for the sake
of a party that never offered her anything but husks
and a seat below the salt at the table where the na
tional resources were spread. Her seaports have
been developed, her railroads extended, her products
protected by the Republican party. Her use of credit
fias been cheapened and eased by sound money, and
Southern men are neither unaware of the cause of
all this betterment nor inclined to snub that cause to
further the ambition of a few useless, unproductive
and impracticable politicians.
The South is experiencing her first enjoyment of
prosperity since the Civil War. Her staple crops of
rice, cotton, tobacco and sugar all find their profit
in protection. The mineral interests along the Ap
palachian Range, with their extraordinary facilities
for exportation, have been enlivened by the same pol
icy. Call it materialism, if one will, the South needed
it. She knew the most extraordinary privations ever
endured by a people in the years ensuing upon the
Civil War, and the Democracy had no policy to offer
for her help but free trade and unsound money.
Immediately it became apparent that the revived
industries of the South are not prepared to back that
programme. The Southern Democracy has been at
great pains to eliminate the negro vote and has ex
pended much ingenuity to that end. Now they are
blinking at the discovery that they have made it not
only possible, but creditable, for Southern men to
vote the Republican ticket, and that they propose to
do it to prevent a return to the woe and want and
beggary of hard times. They have been receiving the
industrial benefit of Republican policies since 1897.
In 1900 they gave money to the Republican National
Committee to beat Bryan, though the negro ques
tion compelled them to support him in their own
States. This unnatural condition has been ended by
the Democratic destruction of the negro franchise.
In Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee and North Carolina
there are enough close districts, close under the old
order of things, when the negro vote was kept dor
mant by violence and the issue was between white
Democrats and white Republicans, to control the
THOSE who expected that the retirement of
Speaker. Henderson would injuriously affect
the Republican party at the November election
are foredoomed to disappointment. When certain
Southern Democratic Congressmen and Chairman
Jones of the National Committee of that party rushed
into print with an exultant air the people saw at
once that if the event disturbed or overthrew Repub
lican supremacy it meant entire free trade and 1893
A NEW BOOK
The people of the. First District, are to be con
gratulated upon having an opportunity to elect so
able a champion of their interests to Congress. . Mr.
Gillette is not an unknown. man in California poli
tics. He has served in the State Senate with/dis
tinction, and his record there is a guarantee of faith
ful and efficient service at Washington. At the na
tional capital he will be something more than a dis
trict representative. He will be among the'mernbers
of the House who rank as national statesmen, and his
constituents will have occasion tp.be proud of 'his
career. " • ¦ ¦ •
¦ The historical part of that statement '¦ is. indis
putable, and we believe the prediction with .which
it closes will be realized. What can it profit any
man in the First District to vote at this time against
the party of work and wages and for the party of
free trade and calamity? Mining' men and lumber
men, farmers, manufacturers and merchants, have a
mutual interest in the maintenance of the protective
system, while to the wage-earners the issue is impera
tive. ; •
Mr. Gillette was especially impressive in those
parts of his speech* in which he discussed the : con
trast between "tfie "dealings' of the two 'parties with the
labor problems of the country. Rapidly reviewing
national legislation on the subject he said: "In 1862
coolie trade was prohibited; in 1886 the alien con
tract bill was passed, as was also the bill prohibiting
the contract system of, the labor of United States
convicts, all votes against both bills ' being Demo
cratic. In 1888 a. Department of .Labor Was estab
lished;' the bill creating boards of arbitration was
passed in 1886, while the laws for the better protec
tion of seamen are the result of Republican legisla
tion. Under the Republican rule wages have always
been higher and employment more plentiful. Thou
sands of laborers that from 1890 to 1897 went to the
souphouses with their empty pails now leave home
in the morning with full dinner pail to their day's
work. There is plenty "in the; land; there is peace
in the land; there is prosperity in the land; and on
the morning of November 4 when the; workingmen
of this State go forth to their daily toilin one hand
they will carry a full dinner pail and in the other
a ballot to protect it." . . '-
of no other imposition effected by the tariff uporrany
class of the American people.
HENDERSON AND THE PARTY.
THE SAN IBANCISCO CALL, SATURDA Y, SEPTEMBER 20; 1902.
Society journals are advising the girls in the East
to get engaged this fall, as the price of coal willrbe
too I high to adniit . otx'ourting'-next • winter/ - "-¦• '
% Russia's announced intention to see" that ''Manchuria
is evacuated appears to have meant a determination
that the evacuation shall be done by everybody ex
cept the Russians. ' *
BY MRS. C N. WILLIAMSON, BEGINS IN NEXT
SUNDAY'S CALL, COMPLETE IN TVo ISSUES.
. «* j» A 1HRILLING NOVEL FOR TEN CENTS,* ,*
A Lesson in Tennis
BY BERTHA GARDNER. . '
GIRL CHAMPION OF GOLDEN GATE PARK: '
What Do You Suppose Is the Latest
Remedy for Rheumatism?
> - ;¦':•¦ -" **
CC livAl DUlludj 0 vail
• SIXTEEN PAGES OF FICTION, EOOKS. FASHIONS AND
HUMAN INTEREST STORIES,