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title: 'The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 18, 1903, Image 12',
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does not succeed. ,
Finesses In partner's suit— usually un
called for and tending to mislead them
regarding the distribution of their suits.
Failure to review the plays and by
elimination read opponent's holdings, or
Failure to read and understand part
ner's forced leads — hasty conclusions,
overlooking the fact that opponent may
have opened the suit In which partner
was strongest. •>*'¦'? ¦>
Careless or indefensible discarding—
which plsces partner al the mercy. of the
adversaries. V r V s\
Last, and worst of all— shifting to ad
versaries' tactics in the middle of a game
and expecting partner to understand a
change for which he is totally unprepared.
A deal where three tricks were lost, due
to unnecessary mistakes:
B—Q, 9, 4.
H.— 2. .
£j_ g 7 5 8.
• »• • E.
S.-S. 8. 2. 2. D.-A. 7. 1
H— A. K. 10. 4, 3. . C.-A. K. J. 4.
C-— Q, &• H.-Q, 9, 8, 6, 5.
D.-S,6l S.-5. ,
B.-A. K, J. 10, 7.
H-— J. 7.
C.-10, 9. 1
D.-r-Q, 6. 2.
Queen of spades trump, leader East.
TABLE NO. 1.
Trk. N. E. B. W.
1. 2h 6h Jh *Kh
2. *9» - 6h 7h - Ah
2. 4i 3d »Qd 6d
4. »Qs 5s "7s 23
6. 4a 8h »JOs 6s
«. 5o 4o • »As 8s
7. 3c 7d »Ks 3s
8. Jd «Ad 6d M
9. 8o »Ac 2c 6c
10. 7c Qh Ms 8h
Jli »9d 8h Id 4h
12. »Kd Jo 8o lOh
13. «10d ¦ Ko 10c Qo
North and South, 10. East and West, 3.
Trick 1— At both tables East opens with
the heart six.
Trick 2— Holding th« four and three.
West knows that his partner almost sure
ly opened a five-card suit and one of the
opponents must be void. It looks as
though South was out and his Is presum-
In Richmond he earned enough money
to land him in Hampton with Just 50 cents
in his pocket, and an appearance so
against him that the head teacher hesi
tated to admit him.
On hl3 first night away from home ha
was to learn what It meant to have a
black skin. He applied for lodging at the
hotel where the stage coach stopped and.
was 'refused. Out under the stars ho
walked all night, to keep warm, and
wonder what was to become of him if all
doors were closed to boys with a black
After several days he reached Rich
mond, dirty, tired, hungry, penniless, ev
erything but discouraged. He had never
been in a city before and did not know
what to do, bo he walked the streets un
til after midnight, then crept under a
sidewalk to rest as well as he could for
the tramping of feet overhead and the
clamor of an empty stomach.
Mere than a year he worked and waited.
Then with but a half consent from his
mother, and less than half enough money
to take him to Hampton, he started. He
still did not know where it was. Five
hundred miles would have seemed a long
way, and It was long before he succeeded
In covering It by walking and beggin?
But how? It required money, and up
to this time all his wages had gone to his
mother. He quit the mine ana hired him
self as house boy to the wife of the znina
owner— a Yankee woman, who gave him
his first lessons in neatness, promptness,
He was puzzled, for he knew the teach
er would demand two names, and he bad
but one. But by the time the teacher got
around to enroll him he had had an in
spiration and he calmly announced that
his name was Booker Washington. Later
he learned that his mother had named
him Booker Tallaferro, and though tho
second part had been forgotten, he reviv
A few months of school, then back to
the salt furnace, and later to work as
a "buddy" In a coal mine, with only the
night time for study. The darkness of
the ccal mine was full of horror to ths
boy and the dirt of it he hated, but it
wi>s in the depths of this mine he first
beard of Hampton. Two miners wers talk
ing one day of this school for colored peo
ple and could they have peered Into the
darkness of the passage they would have
seen their "buddy" idle, wide-eyed, scarce
breathing lest they should discover him
and cease talking.
Ha did not know where Hampton was.
He did not care. He only knew he was
Ills mother had named him Booker, an
old Virginia family name, and he was too
young to think of having any other until
he went to school and found that all the
children had at least two names, and
By and by, however, the boy won and
for a few months was allowed to go to
school by getting up early and working
until 8 o'clock and returning to work after
school. And Is there one who can blams
him for moving the hands of the clock
forward a half hour each morning so that
he could get to school by 8 'o'clock and
not miss his recitations?
At tchool he had a new difficulty to face
— the question of a name.
luck omens. On the other hand, h» be
lieves Friday is his lucky day, for he can
recall many successful undertakings be
gun on Friday.
In his first year, of freedom came the
keenest disappointment of the boy's life.
It^was decided to open a school for col
ored people In the village of Maiden,
where he worked, and now it seemed hla
one dream was to come true — he could
learn to read. Somehow— no one cares
how— his mother had already secured for
him an old Webster's blue-back spelling
book. Alone he had mastered most of
the alphabet, but he could not build
words with it.
The school opened, but Booker's stepfa
ther could not spare him from bis work.
Day after day he saw the boys and girls
passing on their way to school, and all he
cculd do was to practice making his "18"
and stick closer to his old blue-back spell
ing book. He was determined to learn
ably- the weak hand, his partner being ths
dealer. The trump would be risky fro:n
West's hand, but the supporting club
would be a better lead than returning the
heart. As It is, the weak trump hand
Trick 3— North makes an Invitation lead.
West's lead would indicate that he had
no trump strength, or he would have le<*
for the protection of the established
hearts. There Is no prospect of doing
anything with the stilt, and this look*
like a good time for East to get in and
Trick 4— South draws the trumps for the
piotection of his partner's snlt. which "
must be within one of establishment.
Trick 10.— East's failure to go on with
the clubs can dnJy be accounted for on
the supposition that he credits South with
three clubs, a conclusion for which there
are no grounds. The lead of the heart
queen at this trick accounts for two of
the tricks East and West lost upon th»
TABLE NO. 2.
Tk. N. E. p. w
1. 2h 6h J h .JCh
2. 4s 6s , 'As « s
3. *Ql 3d 7g ,,
4. «9d 7d 2d [d
5. lOd »Ad Qd g,,
6. 3c «Ac - c g<j
7. Pc «Kc fi c Qc
9. So 4o 7J, »33
10. 5s 6h . .jo, Ah
a -Kd , Qh «r x js
£orth and South. 7; East and West. «.
Trick 2-West's lead from four smatl
trumps and nothing In two suits Is a flyeT.
A still better result will follow the lead
of the strengthening card.
Trick 3-^South shows complete- command
of the trump suit by his play at tricks 2
Trick 4— The finesse 13 obligatory.
Trick &-East gets in and makes his win
ning clubs, which his opponents at th»
other table failed to do.
Trick play cf the spade queen
at trick 3 must have deceived his part
ner, for if South counts West with two'
trumps he will not pass this trick, but
trump in and draw the remaining trump*
and discard his losing heart on his part
ner's long diamond, which would save a
After some hours the teacher told hint
to sweep one of the rooms.
This he felt was to b» his entrance ex
amination, ond he knew he could pass,
for he had been an apt pupil of a Yankee
housekeeper. Three times the room was
swept, four times dusted; and when tha
teacher— a Yankee, too— had looked in all
the corners and rubbed her handkerchief
on the walls, she told him he would do
to enter the school.
By doing janitor work h<> paid his way
through Hampton and returned to Maiden
to teach school. A year of study in
"Washington, more teaching at Maiden,
and a return to Hampton to aid In the ex
periment of training Indians there— and
then Tuskegee, the tiptop of his heaxt'a
This man has had two consuming ambi
tions—to learn and to teach others. How
these two thoughts have dominated his
life Is shown by his answer to the ques
tion of what stands out in his mind as
the greatest moment of his life.
"The greatest moment of my life," he
said, "wa< when I received word that
Harvard University had decided to confer
a degree upon me.
"Next to this in Importance to me was
President McKlnley's consent to visit Tus
kegee. These two things stand out in my
Ufa as the greatest events."
To Booker Washington the Harvard de
gree meant recognition of what he had
fione for himself; and the visit of th«
President of the United States to Tueske
gee was recognizltlon of what he had
done for others.
Hi» work is his life. Large offers of
money havo failed to turn him from it,
though he Is practically a poor man His
salary of I2C0O a year la barely enough to
support his family and enable him to en.
terrain the distinguished visitors who go
to Tuskegefl as his guests.
The present Mrs. Washington Is the
third one. and each wife has given her
self wholly to the causa of educational
work. The family consists of one daugh
ter by the first wife and two sons by the
second. What Mr. Washington counts
his greatest hardship ia the necessity of
being so much away from home, but his
lectures are the main source of revenuo
of the Tuskegee Institute.
"My best rest and recreation," he says,
"is an evening at home with my wife and
children, or an afternoon In tha woods
Gardening Is also a faTorite pastime,
and an hour away from his office dlgrgrinx
among the Cowers or planting seeds is a
rare treat. He keeps a number of pigs
and fowls of fine breedaj and acknowl
. edges the pig his favorite animal. He Is
not fond of sports, never saw a game- of
football and does not know one card from
another. He goes fishing now and then,
but would rather have a game of marbles
with his two boys than anything else.
He dreads speaking In public, suffering
eo much from nervousness before speak
ing that he has many times resolvoi
never' again to make a speech. He likes
best to speak to an audience of business
men, and next a Southern audience. Thesa
are most responsive, he says, and a New
England audience Is always cold.
He has a deeply religious nature, and
never goes upon the platform without a
prayer. Every day ha is at home h»»
makes a practice of reading a chapter in
the Bible first thing in the morning. By
the rite of having been plunged In th9
Kanawha River when he was about 13
years old, he is a Baptist, though his re
ligion Is bigger than any creed— it Is tha
religion of doing good and helping others.
On the subject of social equality of
blacks and whites, Booker Washington
says : ,
"The outcome of the race problem I
cannot foresee. I do not believe in Inter
marriage. It Is not practical. The ques
tion cannot be solved that way.
"In all things purely social, we can b«
as separate as the fingers, yet one as tha
hand In all things essential to mutual
Booker Washington does not seek social
recognition for himself. It has coma as
n spontaneous tribute to him as an indi
vidual, and only those can understand It
who have felt the force of his wonderful
personality. BERTHA II. SMITH.
boy while still in slavery, I could clean
the yards, carry water to the men in the
fields, take corn to the mill or carry my
young mistress' books to the schoolhousa
Going to the mill was the work he most
dreaded, for the corn was sure to shift in
the sack and make it fall off the horse,
and there was nothing to do but sit still
and cry till some one came along to put
the sack of corn on the horse's back.
This made him late at the mill and late
going home through the woods, which
were said to be full of soldiers who would
cut oft little negroes' ears; and getting
home late meant a scolding or a flogging.
What a cbildhood! All work and whip
pings and "uniformed hobgoblins and
glimpses into that paradise— a schoolhouse
— which he might not enter.
"The first thing 1 can remember wish
ing for and making up my mind to have
was an education," continued Mr. Wash
It Is not fair to Booker T. Washington's
mother to say that his only inheritance
from her was ignorance and a slaves
bonds. From her came his great ambition
and that strong, etraight-almed will that
has toppled down obstuc:es like so many
ten-p'.ns. And wherever this ambition di
rected him, there stood his faithful
mother, who could not read or write her
name, ready with sympathy and ready to
help find a way.
Night after night on the old plantation
in Virginia did this mother bend over
the bundle of rags where her baby lay
and whisper a prayer to heaven that
"Massa Lincoln" might succeed and make
her and the boy free; and when at last
they were called with the other slaves to
the "big house" to hear the emancipa
tion proclamation read, with tears of joy
rolling down her black face she explained
to him what It meant and* that this was
the day for which she had prayed so long
but feared she would never live to see.
Like most of the slaves, this woman
tested her freedom by leaving the planta
tion.* Not until they had done this
adoj^ed names different from those of
thefr former owners did the negroe3 fe»;l
tha'f they were really free. ¦; ¦
With her three children she went to
Join h<*r husband In the Kanawha Valley
in West Virginia, and through a mere
child Booker was put to work in the salt:
furnaces, where his father was employed
Every packer had a number for his bar
rels, and "IS," his stepfather's number,
was the first thing Booker Washington
ever learned In the way of book knowl
edge. To this day he never sees the num
ber that it does not make an impression
on him. He does not count it his lucky
number, but he likes It.
Booker Washington confesses supersti
tion. He believes every one has supersti
tions. He would rather not have berth
13 in a sleeping car or room 13 in a hotel;
and on no account would he go into a
house with an ax over his shoulder, for
this was one of the old plantation bad
losses from fear of giving any chance for
criticism, but. nevertheless, they win by
Such results are by no means surpris
ing If one considers the foundation upon
which many of the general rules are
founded. Many of our strict long stilt
players are not disappointed at their fail
ure to bring In the suit opened originally.
Many times from the start they look for
no such outcome. The suit is led as the
best defensive measure, with the knowl
edge that in the long run less harm can
rome from the opening than from an ex
perimental or short lead, with the chances
in favor of materiallyassistlng opponent.
And, as a general thing, partner's mind
Is at once relieved of the necessity of
guarding against that particular suit aa
an element of danger, whereas when a
rtiort opening Is made he may be com
pelled to exert his energies to protect
himself against a run on that suft.
So seldom is he strengthened by th€
Fhort lead that It hardly compensates
for the burden which the possibility that
partner's lead may be short places upon
him. By avoiding risks of this nature the
players who are satisfied to open their
best suits In regard to number-showing
leads, resort to few experiments and no
deceptions, so far as partner is concerned,
are the hardest ones to defeat. While for
one to be content to be only a poor player
Is censurable, there is a happy medium
between the ironbound following of rules,
and the player that is never to be de
pended upon. The followers of the long
suit game find they are able to meet the
varying conditions as presented by the
development of a hand, after an opening
In' accordance with strict long-suit prin
ciples, and derive fully as much enjoy
ment from that exercise of skill and close
attention in the middle and end of game,
thus made possible, as do those whose
openings are largely speculative.
Among the most common of the mis
takes committed by those who are In
clined to play hastily, or to strive for
more than there is in a hand, a few may
be enumerated as follows: •
Bold trump leads— when partner has
shown by every means in his power that
tarac are not desired.
Disregard of ordinary rules— under the
EASY LESSONS IN WHIST
BY MRS. E. P. SCHELL.
THE most expert of whist players
iKeds to bo on his or her guard for
f>ar of losing tricks more through
«-are|eKsness or overreaching ambi
tion than he can ever hope to gain
1-y any maneuver or brilliant play. It is
a well-known and a recognized fact that
1'layers of a limited amount of experience
bl>d little skill will often win over those
of considerable reputation as expert whisi
players simply because they do not at
tempt impossibilities. With a fair knowl
edge of the laws of the game, they play
with a regularity often very effective,
knowing rery little and caring less about
the different new systems or methods
which their opponents may employ, and
little about the finesse or plays bearing
such alluring terms. They take the trick3
that come their way with exasperating
coolness. They may possibly look upon
tl.eir adversaries with a great dfgree of
*we. a lid in consequence avoid many
P from slavery to ft plaoe of honor
a among the great men of the na.
tjon is the achievement of Booker
Bern In a hovel, to * heritage ot
igmorance and bondage, be has pushed
forward uctil he stands elbow to elty>w
with leaders of thought, the freest of th«
Horn a black man, he has proved that
a man 1 !? a man regardless of the color of
Booker Washington la proud of his
race, glad that he was bcrn a negro. To
him success Is measured r.ot by the posi
tion a rr.aa* has reached but by the ob
6taclf? lie hsu» overcome.
Of himself he talks freely, without em-
Tiarrassment for the past or boastfulness
Of the present. He takes himself for
granted and expect* others to do th«
In his speech there la no trace of negro
dialect. He has the soft Southern voice,
but with less of the slur than one hears
everywhere among the white people of
In repose his face would be serious but
for the cheerful, optimistic upward turn
of the line of his mouth, a mouth at once
firm ar.d sensitive. His fearless gray eye
glances from beneath a heavy brow, and
the lines that deepen eo readily at the
comers betoken a cer.se of humor never
There Is determination In his firm, be
fooled tread. In the tight, quick grasp of
the hand that he extends in greeting
with every confidence that it will not be
His broad shoulders are rounded from
much bending over books— perhaps, too.
from the heavy toil of salt furnace and
. • i\ mloe where he had his first taste of
With head bent forward and eyes low
ered he seems not to notice what is go
ing on about him. least of all whether
people are looking at him. - But the old
colored woman at Tuskegee was right
"Un< !e Booker Is the beatinest man I
ever seo. He jes ¦walks 'lor.g wld his head
down like he <Joan see nuffln; but dar
ain't a teat kin git by him."
Uncle Booker— yes, he is Uncle Booker
to every negro In the South, from the
youngest urchin to the oldest black
mammy, and no prouder title would he
ask than this voluntary tribute of affec
Hooker Washington does not know just
¦vi hen or where he was born. It was
f nmewhere in Virginia, and the year was
IESS <>r 1£3.
What, in those days, was one black
pickaninny more or less? He might as
vr-!l have been a new kitten or a colt for
5i!i the notice he pot.
Of his ancestry beyond his mother he
krows nothing. No doubt they came over
in slave ships from Africa.
"In the days of slavery," he says, "not
ir.uch attention was raid to family rec
ords—that is. black family records."
Of his father he knows even less than
of his nother— r.ot even h'.s name. He
ban !.• trd that he was a white man living
on a nearby plantation.
His earliest memories Are of the slave
quarters en the Burroughs plantation In
Virginia, where his mother was the plan
tation <onk. Here as a b\)y he rolled
¦boot on -a pile of rags on the dirt floor,
e!iakir.fr his little black fists at a ¦world
that would treat a negro baby fo.
The cabin had r.o windows. The door
was not big enough for the opening, and
wide crarks in the Fides made the "cat
hole" down in the corner quite superflu
In these surroundings he grew up as
In^st hr mig-ht. for his mother had little
time to give to him and his brother and
"Did I play any?"
He thought for an Instant as he sat In
the chair, his hands thrust deep In his
pockets, his brad bent srightly forward,
his gray ryes Ebadtd by drooping upper
As he ta'ke he looks straight at you out
of these half-closed eyes that have a
habit cf opening suddenly very wide, as
if to emphasize the things that most in
"Not ur.t;l that question was asked me
recently had it occurred to me that there
has been no period of my life devoted to
play. From the time I can remember
anything almost every day of my life has
been full of work. Although but a little
THE SUNDAY CALL..
mistaken impression that it could make
no difference in the result.
False carding— when partner Is playing
an aggressive game and should be given
Finessing In one's own' suit— when the
chance to lose equals the chance to gain,
and there Is • no compensating advantage
In ¦ position possible, in case the finesse
BOOKER TALIAFERRO WASHINGTON
To-day is published in The
Sunday Call the second install-
ment of "When Knighthood
Was in' Flower," by Charles
Major. This novel has truth-
fully been called the most
charming love story ever
u-ritten. As a drama it has
been one of the greatest suc-
cesses that . Julia Marlowe
ever played. "When Knight-
hood Was in Flower" will be
published complete in three
issues of the Sunday Call,
January 11,» 18 and 25. The
story is illustrated by the
special flashlight photo-
graphs taken by Byron, the
grreat New York photog-
rapher, especially for Hiss