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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, September 13, 1903, Image 6

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WONDERFUL LAND OF UGANDA
tled in the affirmative, that chimpanzees
Inhabit the Uganda Protectorate, where
they build rude houses In the trees. These
and j the ourang are almost human In
their Intelligence and are very amusing
companions, when trained in tha ways of
civilization. " The Patas . monkey lives al
' ost entirely on the ground and has long
legs resembling a greyhound. , Its . head
Is chestnut on top and the remainder of
the .body I a white .and mixed yellow.
There are large, dark green monkeys and
little monkeys with" white-tipped nose*,
monkeys to suit the requirements of ev-
i ery person who deslrea such a pel er dlsti
i Some soecles are said. to form excellent
i dishes and the writer Is acquainted with •
i young Spanish woman. from South Amer
' tea who was found crying . In her room
one day because we have nothing decent
to eat in the United States She was long
ing , for a piece of bake! monkey. The
Idea seems to come a little too near home
. with some of us.
. Zebras are not uncommon In ths
Uganda 'Protectorate,' and numbers of
those most vicious, unsightly, nearly
blind left-overs,' the members of the rbi-
wnne others are entirely dissimilar to
these respects. Some are large, finely de
veloped specimens of the negro race,
others, the Andorobo, for instance, who
live with the Masai for protection, are
THE attention of the public being
turned, at this time, with so much
Interest toward the Uganda protec
torate. In Africa, the question nat
urally arising as to its resources for
sustaining life to settlers when they first
arrive In the country should' receive some
attention.
Its tree and plant growth furnish an
ample supply of fruit and vegetable diet
and the country abounds in game, while
the lakes and rivers are plentifully sup
plied with fish. Although the negroes
seem to be Incapable or disinclined to
tame for their use the wild creatures
which live around them, a great number
of domestic animals are found, descend
ants, probably, of those brought from the
north, from Egypt, Importations from
Asia, In the distant past. Great herds
of cattle and sheep form the chief means
of subsistence for the Masai and certain
other tribes. Dogs, a- few cats, goata.
pigs, fowls and horses are found In great
er or less numbers, but none of the an
cestors of these animals are Indigenous
to the country. They thrive because of
the natural resources of the land to which
they have been transplanted. So that be
sides the possibilities of mineral wealth,
as yet entirely. undeveloped," the excellent
pasturage gives promise of unlimited In
come to the farmer and cattle raiser. The
natives work for infinitesimal wages and
being great lovers of animal food may be
depended upon to take , excellent care of
the flocks and . herds.. Their wants are
few, simple and easily supplied.
Some of the Semitic or Hamitlo racea
teem to have domesticated . some of the
African animals. Elephants are found
In large numbers, herds of giraffes, which
form a strange feature of a," aistant land
scape, many varieties of antelopes and
monkeys galore may.be expected to come
into view at almost any turn.
It has been an open question, now set-
Interesting figure to the outside world, be- *
cause bo totally unknown. He Is hand
some and benignant, but not stately;
charitable and pious, but not too free
handed. In other words, he Is a good
looking, large-hearted, frugal-minded,
peace-loving man, made to be even a Car
dinal, If you like, but not the man one
would - naturally - picture as the head ot
Roman Catholicism, a leader of men and
director of a delicate machine like the
Holy Bee. I. COCHRANE.
ror which the poor ladles, no ' longer
young, cared for has been removed at one
blow. Beppo! he is their world, and Is
now practically dead to them. . Even if
they came to Rome they could not see
him. unless they formally asked an audi
ence, while the comfortable talks and gos-
Blps, the loving doing of little services,
the family meals are all a thing of the
past. He is Pope, they are peasants, and
no amount of love can bridge the chasm.
Strange Coincidence.
These three ladies, like all women of
their class, are superstitious and have
made up their minds that Beppo's election
to the chair of St. Peter has set a limit
to his life.
"If It had been next year the charm
would have been broken." said Maria,
"but now there Is positive proof that he
will die In 1912. Whenever the periods of
9 come I expect a change, and no one can
Bay without reason. At 9 years of age
and make more or less brilliant mar*
rlages.
That Sarto Boy Stole Cherries,
The Pope's early training was all
against fitting him for his new position.
His younger years were spent in a coun
try village emld the most dire poverty,
his days passed In helping his parents
and sisters In their work or In trying him
self to earn a few cents from time to
time; cften hungry, although not really
lacking the necessities of life. The win
ter was the hardest period, as cold pene
trated the walis of the little two-story
house, clothing was Insufficient and he
bad to wear shoes and stockings, which
be bated. School was not even mentioned.
Education in those days, sixty years ago,
was certainly not compulsory, and even
his parents thought little of It. for many
peasants then, as now. could not even
ultra their names.
Beppo (diminutive for Giuseppe), how
ever had the fortune to attract the at
tention of the parish priest, who taught
him the letters and set him on the road
to learning, and. once started, he went
on by himself.
An old farmer of the district, now near
ly 90 years of ege, when told that Giu
seppe Sarto had been made Pope, ex
claimed:
"Not Beppo? Not that little rascal?
Many are the cherries be has taken off
nay trees, me underneath the tree with a
•tick and he bidding me defiance and
pelting me with the stones. The last time
be did It I caught his boot and a merry
dance we had about that field. But he
was a good chap. When my old woman
died and he was already Cardinal he for
got his dignity and helped me not only
with mosey, but with prayers. If I was
not so eld I would go and visit him at
the Vatican!"
Bishop Monaco took a fancy to the
bright boy and sent him to school, where
he was head and front of all the mis
chief. He then took orders, and thus the
career which was to end on the pinnacle
cf earthly success was Inaugurated. At
the age of 23 he was assistant to the par
ish priest of Tombolo and here was first"
seen- the characteristic which was later
to distinguish him. Give, give — has al
ways been hta motto, give with one hand
and then with the other, and If neces-
noceros family, are found. These travel
In pairs, sometimes accompanied by a
calf, but never In herds. As this Is the
home of the ostrich, it would seem that
Its cultivation would be a most profitable
industry. It may easily be seen that the
¦ future wealth of the country will be
great. Added to the Incalculable mineral
'resources Is the climate, which Is so va
ried owing to its position relative to the
equator and the heights cf Its numerous
mountains, that nearly ail crops may' be
cultivated and fruits raired. The vast
. grazing tracts afford pasturage and the
hillsides furnish sites for health resorts
unsurpassed in natural advantages. The
bountiful supplies of fish and game at
tract the sportsmen.
While labor Is so cheap and plentiful
here comes the old story of how to reck
on with the present proprietors of the
eoII, those to whom It* has descended
from all past ages. It Is a foregone con
clusion that history will repeat Itself.
Meantime a study of the native tribes la
intensely interesting. The Inhabitants of
many of the provinces seem nearly allied
-In appearance, customs and languages.
?err ¦man. The little creature* subsist
largely on game poisoned by, arrows dip
ped in a decoction of leaves and bark.
The Masai appear to present as many
agreeable characteristics for study as any
of the many native tribes.
There are thought to be, all told, about
B0.00O members of this tribe within tha
limits of the protectorate. Of these about
30.000 are seml-nomadic. ranging: their cat
tle from one feeding ground to another.
Around the shores of Lake Barlngo art
about 15.000 more, calling themselves Bya
rusl. The remainder are colonized at dif
ferent points. -About 60.000 Masai ar» resi
dent In the East African protectorate. A
great many are employed in the construe*
tlon of the Ufranda Railway.
The tendency -of the tribe seems to b«
toward decrease. The women wear cloth-
Ins enough to enable them to present s>
decent appearance in accepted African
good eocietv. The men seem to re jar*
such possessions, except some tricing or
naments or a capo of leather or cloth
to throw over the shoulders when ex
posed to cold, as superfluities. Their ears
are weighted down with all sorts ot trash,
even small wooden milk palls being some
times pendant therefrom. Strings ot
beads on the neck and anklets are worn,
The Turkana and Buk languages are re
lated to the Masai Those who speak
them have the curious custom of comb*
ins out their hair as long as possible
and plaiting in that of their dead ances
tors, which has been cut oft and which,
they Inherit from generation to genera
tion. The huge bag depends from ths
scalp with an opening behind ths nap* of
the neck. The exterior Is coated with
fat and clay and ornamented with
ostrich plumes of various colors. At th*
end a stiff wire curves upward, to which
is attached a ball of white down like a
powder puff. Within this mass its owner
carries his most valued small belongings.
Many other races are found In this rich
country, where the labor problem seema
solved for years to corns.
(Copyright, 1903. by Curtis Brown.)
ROME. Sept. 1.— "Oh. what a mis
fortune! My poor Beppo. who so
loved a comfortable chat! Who
knows what misery he will go
through In that prison there In
Rome?"
These were the words. Eaid with tears
and real rrlef. with which Maria, sister
ef Pius X, received the newa that he
had been made Pope, and they epitomize
the feeling of the family about this ele
vation of their "Bepoo" to one of the
most powerful positions on earth.
The Sarto family is humble, has never
teen arj-thir.e else and never will be
anything else. The members have no am
bitions above their station and, as yet,
are too unsophisticated to count on what
the Pontiff can do for them. His only
brother, Angelo. the day after Pius X's
election, was found in the little piazzi
cf the village of Riese, near Venice, lord-
In* it over his fellow peasants abd talk-
Ing about "my brother the Pope": but
when approached by even so humble an
individual iis a Journalist he subsided
BUddeuIy, like a pricked balloon, and be
came his usual modest self. Asked what
he would do now, he at once began:
"Do? Why heaps of things. Beppo is
now Pope, you know, and he will buy
out my rival in the village, and I shall
be cork of the walk. He may perhaps
buy in* a mule and a cart, or even a
horse and trap. That would be fine!"
**I have debts." he continued, with a
eigh. "*lf Beppo will relieve me of tham
that would be much. Yes. I must owe at
least forty dollars, and shall never have
It by myself."
This was as high as his ambition could
pour. He is one year older than the Pope,
and has so far been distinguished merely
for a sturdy independence: not above re
ceiving help and favors from his brother
when the brother could afford it. but ow
ing his present relief from real poverty
to bis own exertions. In his little poik
and tobacco shop are to be seen usually
out cr other of his rather pretty dauer
ti*is. so that the youths of the town srend
most of their cents there, thinking a cigar
which they do not want cheaply bought
If it brines a smile from either of the
two cirls.
The cirls have a great sense of their
own Importance, and when dressed in the
latest village fashion, their black eyes
eparklir.p. their dark cheeks glowing and
their glossy curly hair carefully dressed—
as. of course, they have never worn hats
—they form a picture of health and vital
ity pieasant to look upon, but which cer
tainly nfcfdB th« background of the vil
lage street to set it off. They are both
unmarried and. being more modern than
the rest of the family. It is likely if they
come to Rome that they would assimi
late the atmosphere to a certain extent
he began to study. seriously; he was nine
years parish priest, nine years vicar gen
eral, nine years Bishop, nine years Car
dinal, and, of course, he will be nine
years Pope. And after that there Is noth
ing but heaven to attain, ao, of course,
he will leave us." And nothing would or
could persuade her to the contrary.
Meanwhile the Pontiff, for his part, is
not altogether happy in his "prison." So
far his entire time has been absorbed In
giving audiences and making appoint
ments, but the confinement has already
told on the strong, hearty man who does
not look much over 60. and he mlaaes the
care of his feminine relatives. A button
comes off, and there is only a man to sew
it on; his rooms are not well dusted, and
there seems to be no one to complain to;
his meals are dainty, but not prepared as
he is accustomed to having them; his
spiced wine does not taste as it should;
his bed has lumps, or his bath is too cold.
"Unhappy in the Vatican.
These little woes are felt acutely by one
who has never even had. to think of such
things. Above all, he misses the sea, his
swims therein, and his long walks along
the sands. To a familiar who was with
him in the Vatican gardens he exclaimed:
"Shall I always have this longing for
the country and for the sea? It is rather
an aggravation than otherwise to look at
the promised land, which is in this case
the sea (Mediterranean) from the obser
vatory, and not be able to go near it. I
want to walk, climb, run if need be, any
thing to make my. blood Circulate."
After which outbreak he seemed to feel,
better, and he went on laughingly:
"Do you know my temper is even de-;
terioratlngr, I who used to never let any
thing trouble me!"
This should not be taken, however, to
mean that Pius X is not proud of his new'
position, with a deep appreciation of his
responsibility and* privileges. He is an
eary with both together; but never cease.
Bobbed Him of His Soup.
So far has he carried this precept that
to go without his dinner while another ate
was too common an occurrence to cause
remark. Once, In those days, when he
sold his little horse to pay some debts
contracted by his family, he came home
half dead after a tramp of miles to the
deathbed of a man who proved to have
little the matter with him, and sat down
to a steaming plate of aoup.
"This Is good," he exclaimed, when the
spoon was arrested half way to his mouth
by the appearance of a young person who
came In at the door, sat down at the
table, reached over, took his soup and
calmly ate It all to the last spoonful. She
then roe<\ dropped a courtesy to the
epelibound priest, and as she left, said
jauntily:
"It was very good: they told me you
lived on bread and water to serve the
poor, and I wanted to prove that it was
a lie." V* •-
Such was all the thanks he got, and
this was the only time on record when
his charity was not only Involuntary, but
given with a bad grace.
His poor old mother adored him, but re
fused to live with him when he rose to
the splendid position of parish priest.
"No. my dear." she said, "I was born
here In Rlese, and here I shall die. Go
your ways, enjoy your good fortune and
send your linen to me when it needs
mendlnc-"'
, TJnsuited for Luxury.
And with this blessing she sent him out
Into the vast world, her best beloved son.
The old lady was very shrewd, and when
his sisters would have liked to live with
him in what was considered the brilliant
petition of sister <o a parish priest, she
eaid:
"So, no, daughters, you stay where you
are; there you will put on airs and so
never get married, while here you are
what you are, and the boys will take you
to wife." which proved true with three
out of the six. The other three, after the
death of their mother, lived in the Arch
bishop's palace at the Cathedral of St.
Mark's In Venice, with their brother, their
only object in life being to make him
happy and comfortable: hence the lament
with which this article begins.
Their case Is. In fact, rather hard. As
Pope, their brother can give them noth
ing for which they will much care. As
sisters of The Patriarch of Venice they
might have entered society and taken a
responsible position; but they took no
pleasure In such a life and positively re
fused all overtures. What can Pius X
do? Only make life easier by giving
them money which they do not want,
while In belne elected Pcpe everything
INCIDENTS OF THE NEW POPE'S
HUMBLE BOYHOOD
THE SUNDAY OAIiti.
"Not Beppof Not That little
Bases! f" Exclaimed an Ancient
Neighbor on Hearing of His
Election— Angelo Sarto Is De
lighted, as He Believes His
Brother "Will Now Buy Him a
Mule and Cart and Enable Him
to Become a Local Magnate.
His Sister Is Certain He Will
Die in 1912, and Gives Strange
Reason* for That Belief— His
Holiness Is Not Altogether
Happy as Prisoner of the Vat
ican.
6
HATS OFF...
To the
BONANZA
KINGS
I THE LITERARY FDO)]]
I OF THE YEAR. ||
Recollections
and Reflections
Of the Men Who Girdled
the World With Gold.
By THOMAS FTTCH
The Silver Tongved Orator.
begins m
Next Sunday's Call.

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