Newspaper Page Text
A — Onelda. avenue. '•
B — Beginning of tunnel.
C — End of tunnel. • .
D— Eighteenth and Division, streets. , Here the bottom of the
main sewer, at a distance of* 20.0CO feet from the sewer out
let at North Deach. is 2 feet. and 7. inches below the wharf tops
on the city front.
E — Tenth ' and Harrison streets, to which point an extra high
tide will back up in the main newer, blocking the flow of sewage.
. F— Howard and Sixth streets. Here the bottom of the main
sewer will be 16 feet and 9 Inches below the street ¦ crossing, or
6 feet' and 9 Inches below the city base, which' means that
It is about at the level or ordinary high tide.
Map Showing Route of Main Sewer and Key to Points of Great Interest.
O — Second and Howard streets. Here the sewer will be 2
feet and 3 inche* below ordinary - Wen ¦ tide.
H— Sansome and California streets. The bottom of the
main sewer will here be S feet and 3 Inches lower than the or
dinary high tide level. '
I — Sansome ana Jackson- streets. The bottom of .the sewer
Is here 10 feet and 9 inches below -the . city base and 4 feet
below the level ; of ordinary hlsh tide.
J — End of tunnel, planned ' to run * from Pacific to Union
street. • - •
K— Outlet of main sewer at North Beach. 12 feet and 11
inches below the city base. This is « feet and 6 Inches below
ordinary high tide.
If so, loqk through our framed picture
department and see how beautiful and
attractive . the new : pictures are . and at
such moderate prices. Sanborn, Vail &
Co.. 741 Market st. BMsHHMifl
Interested in Frame. Pictures?
SACRAMENTO. Sept 24.— The City
Marshal at Jacksonville. Tex., to-day tel
egraphed Governor Pardee he Is certain
he has "Red Shirt" Gordon, the notorious
convict who escaped from Folsom prison
In July last. In custody. He says the
prisoner's appearance tallies with the de
scription of Gordon Issued by the peni
tentiary officials. "Warden Wilkinson be
lieves Gordon has been caught. He has
sent the convict's photograph to Texas.
Marshal May Have "Red Shirt."
AGED MAN IS HURLED
FROM VEHICLE TO GBOTJND
Painfully Injured While Driv
ing From Town.
Wealthy Pioneer of Sonoma County
SANTA ROSA, Sept. 24.— While driving
from this city to the home of his son at
Mount Olivet Thursday afternoon. L». S.
B. Slusser. an aged man. -was thrown
from his vehicle and sustained a fracture
of the right thigh. The Injury was the
result, of a runaway. In which Sluaser
was pitched headlong from the vehicle.
He had been in this city on business and
was returning to his son's home.
Slusser Is one of the wealthy men of
Sonoma County— where he has resided
over fifty years. He Is probably the old
est pioneer in this section of the State.
both in point of residence In the State
and in the years he has lived, being over
ninety years of age. The injured man
was brought to this city late this after
noon for medical attention.
New Theater for Santa Rosa.
SANTA ROSA, Sept. 24.— Santa Rosa
is to have a new theater. This afternoon
a lease was signed by the officials of the
"Woodmen's Hall Association, granting
the premises now in course of construc
tion here to the Novelty Theater Com
pany for a period of~nve years, with ap
option on three additional yeare. The
lease provides that the lessees carry on a
clean and moral show, with no drinking
or smoking to be allowed on the premises.
It is the Intention of the lessees to give
two performances each evening in their
theater. A \ modern theatrical front will
be placed in the building, and It will be
equipped with the latest appliances for
heating and lighting.
Zinc Found in Bel Norte.
GRANTS PASS. Or., Sept. 24.— A rich
zinc prospect has been discovered and Is
being developed in the French Hill dis
trict of Del Norte County. California, a
few miles south from the Oregon line.
The Iedg<j is over 100 feet In width and
can be traced by the outcropplngs for a
distance of 500 feet. A shaft has been
sunk on the ledge to a depth of sixty feet
and a crosscut driven In from this level to
ascertain the width of the ledge. This
crosscut passes through twenty-five feet
of ore that carries 75 per cent value In
zinc, with a fair showing of copper and
Convict Captors May Wait.
SAQRAMENTO. Sept. 24.-UnIess the
State Board of Prison Directors will agree
to pay the rewards offered by the State
for the capture of the convicts who made
the late .break from the Folsom State
prison the* captors will wait an appropria
tion by the next session of the Legisla
ture for their money. Upon Investigation
It has been found that only $750 of the
money In the reward fund Is available
this year. The matter will be decided at
the next meeting of the State Board of
Smaller Hop Crop in Oregon.
PORTLAND. Or.. Sept. 24.— Baling of
the Oregon hop crop Is under way and
indicates a yield this year of about 80.000
bales, compared with 83,000 bales produced
last year. The quality is uneven. 20 per
cent being perfect hops, the remainder
more or less tainted with mold. The
market Is firm at^ 23 cents for choice.
Nearly 1000 bales'of prime to choice hops
•were sold to-day at 24 to 25 cents.
Trunks and Suit Cases.
"We give you the best value in trunks,
suit cases and traveling supplies In the
city. Look over our leather goods de
partment and bo convinced. Sanborn.
Vail & Co.. 741 Market at *
Army orders — Lieutenant Colonel George H.
Tomey. deputy surgeon general, is to take
charge of the medical supply depot. San
Frar.clsco. relieving Lieutenant Colonel Louis
M Maus. who is transferred to Fort Rlley.
Kan. ; Major George M. Wells, surgeon, goes
from Fort Bayard. N. M.. to San Francisco,
thence to the Philippines.
. Rural free delivery will be established No
vember 2 at Ceres. Stanislaus County, and
Toluca. Los Angeles County. Cal.
Fourth-class postmasters appointed: Cali
fornia — S. H. I^ucas. Cuyamaca. San Diego
County, vice Elton W. Lucas, resigned ; Ella
B. Klnton. Rosamond. • Kern County. vJc«
Charles A. Graves, resigned; J. Q. Ayars. San
Antcnio. San Bernardino County, vice Stephen
Mahood. resigned. Oregon— James B. Stratton,
Nye. Umatilla County, vice Henry Wright, re
signed: -R. A. Hutchlns. RBBselivllle. Multno
mah County, vice T. L. D. Thomas, resigned.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 24.— Postofflce estab
lished: . Oregon-— Berkeley. Umatilla County.
Thomas C. Gettlngs. postmaster. Postmasters
commissioned: California — Thomas B. Chap
man. Rivera. Oregon — Lydla J. Dascomb.
Several Changes Are Made in the
Postal Service and Army Or
The sewer question has been studied
with great care by The Call. The oppor
tunity is afforded for all citizens to do
the same in their own behalf.
To render every point clear to the read
er a map is herewith published, with a
key that shows clearly the nature of the
discoveries made: also their application.
On the map the solid black lines Indi
cate the sewer. ' The dotted lines show
where the two tunnels connecting with
the main sewer are to be placed. One
glance at thn maD will show that the
greater portion of San Francisco, as trib
utary territory, Is Immediately concerned.
OF INTEREST TO PEOPLE
OF THE PACIFIC COAST
To extend this flow by an extra high
tide to Tenth and Harrison streets is
even more serious, although more excep
tional; but high tides are Inevitable every
year and the effect of this must be con
sidered In this, connection. The gravity
of the Questions Involved Is made more
striking by the fact that the sewer sys
tem Is to be put In for a long series of
years and the difficulties that Inhere in
the proposed system will be permanent.
The accuracy of the statements concern
ing the flooding of the main sewer by the
tides twice each day cannot be questioned
Water seeks its own level. The bot
tom of the main sewer Is In many places
below the level of ordinary higrh tide.
Official records to be found at the City
Hall furnish the basl3 for each averment
concerning the main sewer in Its rela
tion to the level of the tides.
"While It Is a disaster to incur a debV
of millions of dollars for something that
is unsatisfactory and Inadequate, there is
also another side to. the matter, of pos
sibly greater gravity: If the bonds should
be Issued and the new sewer system
should be established and It should then
appear that the work had been performed
without proper consideration of all the
difficulties, and that they who had ad
vocated it zealously, with sincere desire
to promote the public good, had been as
the blind following the. blind, future fro
gress might be hampered badly by the
distrust naturally following so unfortu
nate an experience.
In consideration of the great sum of
money to be voted for the proposed sewer
system, and not less on account of vital
considerations of health and comfort, the
earnest attention of the business com
munity and of all good citizens is earn
estly Invited. The sources of information
are official and open to all. "What Is
meant by flooding the main sewer with
tidal water out to Sixth and Howard
streets twice every day in the year and
checking the flow of sewage in a vast
drainage area during the entire periods of
rising tides Is easily apparent to every
The fall for the North Point main
through its course of nearly four miles,
and that largely in a populous district and
through the principal business part of
the city, is only one foot for every 1900
feet, or less than three feet to the mile. It
is very questionable .whether with that
low grade the sewage, largely mixed with
sand during the winter, will make its
way to the North Beach outlet, being
crowded back twice every day by the
Feet to Mile of Pipes.
FALL IS VERY SLIGHT.
Grade Averages Less Than Three
In addition to the tidal difficulty In
volved In the sewerage system plan that
underlies the present proposition there Is
another serious physical condition to be
considered. For many years to come,
and Indeed until the enormous drainage
areas that have been herein enumerated
are covered with bitumen and cement
and houses, the great sand wash Into the
main, will be a source of trouble. Espe
cially in winter will there be an Immense
inflow of sand.
opposite to the direction of the current of
sewage will produce In the sewer calm
water and the heavy particles In the sew
age will be deposited. This will go' on
during- the entire period of the Inflow of
| the rising tides. As the extra high tide
runs more than two feet above the or
dinary high tide, and the sewer at North
Beach has an outlet of eight feet in
diameter, the sewer mouth will be com
pletely filled by such tide and there will
be an absolute blockade of the entire out
let. Meanwhile the tidal water will run
up as far as Tenth and Harrison streets.
All accumulated sewer gases will be
driven out through the cesspools at street
corners or into the houses of citizens.
Protection to. the public revenues ren
ders it necessary to discontinue the issu
ance of passes on revenue vessels, except
for cause, and no one is authorized to
gmnt such permits, except the Secretary.
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, or
the Collector and Surveyor, acting
Custom-house officials said yesterday
that the circular was not aimed at San
Francisco, but that it had been issued
because of certain abuses 'practiced In the
port of New York.
The baggage of no person shall be ex
pedited, and no special favors extended,
except In writing, signed either by the
Collector, and countersigned by the Sur
veyor, where there Is one, or by the Sec
retary or Assistant Secretary of the
Treasury, except in instances coming
clearly within the provisions of the fore
going paragraphs, and then only by the
joint action of the Deputy Collector and
Deputy Surveyor In charge of the pier,
which action, together with the reasons
therefor, shall be reported In writing by
such officers, respectively, to the Collector
and Surveyor within twenty-four hours
thereafter. Any violation of this rule will
be ground for instant dismissal.
All ladies traveling alone shall have
precedence in the examination of bag
gage, and the first inspectors In line ir
respective of personality shall be as
signed to this duty.
Custom-house d society was perturb*
yesterday over the receipt of a circular
from Leslie M. Shaw, Secretary of the
Treasury, limiting the extension of spe
cial courtesies to arriving passengers.
The favored passengers are foreign am
bassadors, ministers, charges d'affaires,
secretaries, naval, military and other at
taches of embassies, legations and high
commissioners and similar representa
tives of this government abroad return
ing from their missions, all of whom ar«
entitled by international usage to the
free entry of the baggage and effects of
themselves, their families and suites,
without examination. Added to the list
are such high officials of this and foreign
governments as shall be the subjects of
special instructions fro'ni the Treasury
'In the case of invalids and their com
panions, and of persons arriving In
charge of their dead, or summoned home
In haste by news of affliction or disaster,
or because of other- Imperative emer
gency, Instructions will be issued to facil
itate the landing and examination of
their baggage, but such instructions will
be construed as only relieving such per
sons from waiting their turn in line.
Their baggage will be carefully examined
and duties In full collected, as though no
favor had been shown. The word "courte
sy" has grown to have a meaning never
intended, and Its use must be avoided in
the issuance of personal consideration
Orders Inspection Courtesies
Confined to Proper
Secretary of Treasury
Calls Attention to
RADICAL DEFECT IS DISCOVERED IN THE PROPOSED
CITY SEWER SYSTEM INVOLVING DIRE CONSEQUENCES
IT is ascertained that if the plans for a sewer system for this city, iforming. the basis i of the proposed sewer bond issue, are carried to accomplishment, owing to the
depression of the sewers below the city base there is -certain to be serious daily interference . owing _ to "the inflow of the tides twice every twenty-four hours. While
the tides are rising, the great North Point sewer, the main key to the entire system, will be practically, useless for hours. Sewage will be backed up twice daily.
Official figures, maps and records prove the accuracy of these statements. . '
:i Naturally, as the tide begins to rise,
the "flow into the sewer in the direction
wlil flow to Harrison and Tenth streets.
A stream six feet deep will enter the main
sewer at North Beach, the main being
there eight feet in diameter, and will flow
into the. sewer against the current", of
sewage ¦ that tries to come out, and this
inflow : will . reach, ; twice every day, to
Sixth and. Howard streets. ";-'.;.'.
From the foregoing. showing It will ap
pear that twice every > twenty-four hours,
as the tide rises,, the tidal water, will;en
ter the sewer, at North . Beach , and will
run- at ordinary high; tide .as far, up, as
Sixth and | Howard streets, where at will
meet i the 'sewage .flow. Extra high 'tides
"will, be' found to.be 12 feet 11 inches .be
low the city: base and 6 feet 2 inches be
low the ordinary high tide. ... , . ¦
On the waterfront, at the crossing of
Dunont street, the bottom of ¦ the main
sewer will be, at its bottom, ten feet, ana
nine inches below the: city base, or four
feet below ordinary high tide.'
Where Sansome and . Chestnut streets
cross the bottom of the '. main will be
twelve feet below, the city base, or !flve
feet and three inches. below ordinary high
tide. \ : . ¦. •¦¦••¦-• •••-., - ' • f
Penniless Man Ends His Life.
' -OS ANGELES. Sept. 24.-The dead
¦" ¦'>' cf a man supposed to be A. L. Mil-
>er. a ranch laborer, was this morning
f jund in East Lake Park, where he had
*¦*¦>' 1 himself with a revolver during the
riffht. Two bullet boles were found in
the man's body and a revolver was
• lutch^d In his hand. From papers in
Miller's pocket it was learned that he
l:t"i born a member of the Maquon, III.,
lxid R e of Knixhts of Pythias and that in
IW7 a. traveling card of the I. O. O. F.
had been issued him from the Jefferson,
HI., lodge. The man was apparently a
sufferer from consumption, and was pen
Buy your watches at Lundy's, 4 Third
tlrctt and 752 Market street. m
Ptomaine Poisoning Results From
Consumption of Unripe Fruit
in an Orchard.
WOODLAND, Sept. 24.— Vera and Mil
dred Gould, aged 4 and 3 years, respec
tively, died yesterday evening from pto
maine poisoning due to eating green al
mond? at a ranch near this city. Since
Jp.Ft Friday physicians were almost con
stantly at their bedside, but all medical
efforts were In vaTn. Vera died at 4
o'clock and her sister followed her fifteen
The rir-rr-ased were children of Mr. and
Mrs. Jo. Gould. They will be buried to
morrow in one casket.
CHILDREN DIE AFTER
EATING GBEEN ALMONDS
Since the original plan for the North
Point main was made it has been deter
mined to change the route for a part of
the distance. It was originally intended
to have the main sewer along Montgom
ery street. Upon further investigation,
as set up in a supplementary 1 report that
was filed last July with the Board of
Supervisors, "it has been found prefer
able to adopt a route from Howard street
along Second street to Market, a short
distance on Market street to Sansome and
along Eansome street to the northern
water front, northwesterly to the point
of outfall heretofore selected, as shown
on the plans."
This change causes the North Point
main to run under Sansome street
through the wholesale section Instead of
through Montgomery street. Attention is
called to this In all fairness, as the pro
files supplied to the public by the City
Engineer apply to Montgomery' street, in
etead of Sansome. The question of the
effectiveness of the North Point main
sewer Is no way concerned with this
change, as the grades are only so slight
ly different as to make no essential dfl
ference In considering the Inflow of the
tidal waters and the backing up of all
sewage during such twice dally run.
BELOW THE BASE LINE.
At Sixth and Howard Streets Oppos
ing Currents Will Meet.
\ At Howard and Second streets the bot
tom of the proposed sewer will be abqut
nine feet below the city base, or two feet
an8 three inches below ordinary high
At\ the crossing of California and San
sodka streets. In the very, heart of the
banking and wholesale section of San
FrancVsco. the bottom of the North. Point
main *ill be ten feet below the city base,
or threi feet and three inches below or
dinary b.igh tide. ' .
At Sansome and Jackson streets the
Nearly four miles from the point where
the outlet of the North Point main sewer
is to be, or a distance of about 20,000 feet,
namely at Division and Eighteenth
streets, near the junction of Treat avenue
and Eighteenth street, It Is' ascertained
from the profiles furnished by the City-
Engineer In the report on a system of
sewers, that there the bottom of the
sewer will be two feet and seven inches
below the city base, or two feet and seven
Inches below the tops of the wharves on
the city front.
At the crossing of Howard and Sixth
streets, where the .grade of the%treet Is
ten feet above the city base, the bottom
of the main sewer is planned to lie six
teen feet and nine Inches below the
street crossing, or- six feet and nine
Inches below the city base, which means
that it Is about the level of ordinary high
tide. An extreme high tide runs about
two feet and three Inches higher than the
ordinary high tide. This would put the
bottom of the sewer at Sixth and Howard
streets two fset and three inches below
the level of an extreme high tide.
Official mar>s that have been consulted
show that the North Point main sewer is
so far belo^r the city base line that twice
dally it will ba flooded by the tide to
Sixth and Howard streets. During these
periods of tidal flow the sewage will be
crowded backward. The gases In the
sewer will be forced out through cess
pools and into dwellings, corrupting the
air and bringing diseases.
In no spirit of hostility does The Call
this morning direct attention to the per
tinent facts that constitute the very core
cf the sewer question. The astonishing
discovery, epitomized in the foregoing, of
such great importance to the people, is
given publicity as soon £.s possible. Many
taxpayers, learning the facts, -will find
herein a timely and necessary warning.
By the facts alona can this article b«
Judged. It cannot but appear that the
sewer system as designed is wrong in con
ception. There is yet time for deliberate
and sober consideration.
Attention is invited to the statements
that follow, all of which are based upon
official records, ine'erfing the profiles to
be found in iha "report on a system of
sewerage for the city snu county of San
Francisco," ¦which has received official
sanction and en the publications in whicr.
the city base line :s set down. The city
base coincides with the tops of the
wharves on the citv front.
Inflow From Bay Interferes With
Operation of Drain.
CROWDS SEWAGE BACK.
If the sewer system shall be constructed
a3 planned by the city authorities it is
definitely ascertained the great North
Point main sewer, which is to drain the
greater part of the city, will, for a long
distance, twice every day In the year be
flooded by the ordinary high tides and the
tide waters will run twice every twenty
four hours through the sewer to the junc
tion of Slxthvind Howard streets. Every
extra high tide, such as is common at a
certain season, will back up in the sewer
as far as Tenth and Harrison streets.
The business section of the city Is to
be drained by. the North Point main
sewer. The lands to be served by this
sewer include also the Islais Creek dis
trict up to Ocean View station, the entire
Hayes Valley district, the Park Pan
handle district, the entire Mission district
¦west of Harrison street and up to
Twenty-sixth street and the entire south
erly slopes of Pacific Heights clear down
to the line of the sewer.
The North Point main sewer is the
principal key to the entire proposed new
eewer system. Instead of running off sew
age from the higher levels to the water
the plan has been based upon running
everything down to zero and there trying
to handle it. This Is as if a sixteen-stjry
building wcr-i to be drained first into the
basement and then an effort should ba
made to get rid of the incubus unneces
sarily brought there.
cisco, which Is the basis of the
proposed issue of sewer bond3 to the ex
tent of several millions cf dollars. A care
ful Investigation establishes this fact, and
it becomes a public duty to make the
facts known, plainly and clearly, so .that
they may be fully understood by all citi
THE astonishing discovery has
been made by The Call that
there is a radical defect In the
official plan for a sewer sys
tem for the city of San Fran-
BAKERSFIELD, Sept. 24.— The motion
for a change of venue In the case of the
people against Alfred W. Hulse, charged
with the murder of Officers Packar/d and
Tibbet, came up this morning in the Su
perior Court. Judges Bennett and Mahone
presiding. Eighteen witnesses from all
parts of the county were closely cross
examined as to the prevailing sentiment
in their respective communities in regard
to the Innocence or guilt of the defendant
and whether or not a fair and impartial
trial could be had In Kern County.
With a few exceptions the witnesses de
clared such could and would be had. All
agreed that there had been much excite
ment at the time of the shooting — some
had heard loose talk of lynching, but
nothing of that kind was attempted, and
it was only the result of momentary pas
sion, now entirely subsided. After the
examination the court announced that the
matter ¦would be taken under advisement
and a decision rendered on Monday morn
Kern County Men Declare That
Hulss Can Have a Fair
Recorder Godchaux said that he had
not been consulted regarding tha bring
ing of the suit to determine the legal term
of his and other offices.
"I was elected Recorder." said God
«-haux. "only after I had pledged alle
giance to the charter, which I regard as
the supreme <Jaw of the municipality. I
am loyal to that allegiance and have no
desire to have any court rulmg on the
District Attorney Bylngton Is not a par
ty to the suit. He said yesterday that he
haffxbsolutely no interest in it.
WITNESSES ABE STJBE
PREJUDICE IS DEAD
Just who shall defray the costs of the
EUit is a question that is bothering Ma
hony. He expected that when he an
nounced his intention of fighting to hold
the office the men employed by him as
courtroom clerks, copyists and deputies
would fleck to his support and dig into
their pockets for funds to keep him where
he is. In fact, John McKenna, a hench
man of the County Clerk, was sent upon
a trip through the office to feel the finan
cial puls« of the men. Ills reception was
not warm, for Mahony's clerks rather like
the idea of drawing full salaries during
the last few months of Mahony's tenure
of office, and they made unexpected re
pponses that dampened McKenna's zeal.
Some eald they would see about the as
sessment and others flatly refused to "put
up." The number that refused was aug
mented after the clerks had a chance to
discuss the matter, so Mahony was com
pelled to go ahead on his chances of col
lecting from those who said they would
••>ps about It" and the hope that If his
Euit Is successful the other officers whom
a favorable opinion will affect will help
him raise counsel fees.
Deputy Sheriff George Hare, in the ab-
Fpnce of Sheriff LackSTann. stated yes
terday that his chief is not a party to the
FUit brought by Bradley. Hare Bald that
Lackmann had been importuned for the
last six months to contribute toward the
rxp*>nse of bringing the suit, but had re
fused. Lackmann believe^rthat the char
ter fixing the term of his office at two
y*>ars Is the law.
The fact that A. B. Mahony is very fond
of the position of County Clerk, despite
the fact that eince his election he has re
ceived but tev words of praise for his
.method of conducting It, has long been
known, as has also been the fact that he
lr.ter.dcd to make a battle to keep the
position for four years. His frequent
threats to test the validity of the law
that declares that a County Clerk shall
or.Iy held office for but two years cul
minated yesterday in the filing of a suit
for en Injunction restraining the Election
Commissioners and Registrar "Walsh from
spending any of the city f s funds In mak
ir.g any preparation for the election of a
fuccessor to Mahony at the coming elec
tion. To add a flavor of sincerity to the
suit and probably to reduce the expense
of the- action to Mahony, the court Is
asked to prevent the city officials from
expending any money in furthering the
ambitions of those who at the recent con
ventions were nominated for the offices of
Recorder. District Attorney. Coroner,
Public Administrator and Sheriff. The
suit is brought by Richard Bradley, a
personal friend of the County Clerk and
on© who, according to a statement made
by Mahony, Is indignant because the law
cuts short Mahony's period of usefulness.
Mahony's attorney Is Peter F. Dunne.
"vThlle there are no grounds of action set
forth in the complaint except that of
needless expense to the city, it is expected
that when the case comes before Judge
Scawell the point will be that the office
of the County Clerk Is a county office.
and therefore not governed by the city
Pipe in Business
Most of His Deputies Refuse
to Further His Ambition
With Their Cash.
Tidal Water Flow
Will Back Up
He Desires to Remain
County Clerk Two
TO HOLD OFFICE
THE SAN FRANCISCO CAI/L, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1903.
Menace to Health
Twice Every Day-