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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, June 24, 1904, Image 8

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1904-06-24/ed-1/seq-8/

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Townsead's California Glace fruits ta
artistic flre-etched boxes. 715 Market st*
T An Enemy to the Weevil.
. Should the Guatemalan ant ever be
introduced Into the cottoa belt of this
country the situation would be suffi
ciently remarkable. One can Imagine,
says the Washington Pos"t. the worthy
farmer contracting for an annual sup
ply of ants, Just as he makes pur
chases of his other supplies, and cart
ing out a couple of bushels of willing
workers to his cotton fields to act as
policemen and executioners.
Perhaps he would raise ants — just
as he does cattle and chickens, main
taining an 1 "antery" of . $»e most ap
proved modern description. Here he
would raise his own supplies for his
fields, guarding them tenderly 'during
the winter and turning the*m out to
«raze— on boll weevils — when the
PUBLIC LANDS— R. G-. City. Fcr
information relative to land that r.uy
be homesteaded under the "United
States law ia Arixona and California,
communicate with the United States
Land OSce in the district in which you
max Tvlah to locate. Such oCces in
Arizona are at Prescott and Tucson,
and in California at Eureka, Independ
ence. Los Angeles. Marysville. Redding.
Sacramento. San Fraaclsco, Stockton,
SasanviHe and Vlsalia. ve*-»»- one dol
lar, each office will furnish you a plat
showing land that Is open to settle
ment. I
BY DIRECT VOTE— Subscriber, Oak
land. CaL The States that have asked
Congress to call a convention to con
sider an amendment to the FVdara: con
stitution providing for direct popular
vote for United States Senators are
Oregon, California. Minnesota. Texas,
Arkansas. Nevada. Washington. Nona
Dakota. , Kentucky. Misjsc &, ~Utan.
Montana, Idaho and Kansas.
At last the wee sma' voice of the newspaper corre
spondents has been heard in piping unison in the Far
East and the jeering scoffer that wants news of the
Oriental war is silenced to listen. We know that the
men of the quill are still in the land of the living, for
they have filed a protest, futile, of. course, against the
rigorous censorship of the Japanese. When the boys
come home we may expect a renaissance of romance and
GUARDIAN— P. D^ Steamar Pensa
cwla. CaL A minor over 14 years of ar*
has a right to express a preference as
to trho shall be his guardian.
The Filipino guests of the American Government,
now- on tour among the great cities of the Union, are
imbibing impressions of us that will be of more value
to them and to us than a century of war. Whether the
little men of the south seas are to be our wards or are
to take their own place according to their lights in the
family of nations, what they are learning now of our
civilization will be of incalculable advantage to them.
• BURNS HANDICAP— S.. City. Ts»
horse that first won the Burns Handi
cap was Hawthorne. In 2:17. The win
ner in 1904 was Modicum, la 5:*J S-i.
'A nszcers ta Queries^
With fragrant kiss
Interpreting'
The dreaaa of bliss
The rose would bring.
Then to your breast
Take it to be
Your own heart's b«st
Love-augury — .
A welcome guest —
To gladden me.
— The Century.
Then. Up to Up.
With rapture stirred,
You might let slip
The secret word.
Unto your own
You needs saust press
The sweet mouth prone
To tenderness;
Its winsome grace.
The blush of mom
Upon its face.
You could not scorn
Now since It knows
My heart eo welL
Would that this rose
Might speak and tell!
Rose Love.
That the sun, moon and stars move
across the heavens must obviously
have been among the earliest scientific
observations. It required a relatively
high development of the observing
faculties, yet a development which man
must have attained ages before the
historical period, to note that the moon
has a secondary motion which leads it
to ihift its relative position as regards
the stars; that the stars themselves,
on the ether hand, keep a fixed rela
tion as regards one another, with the
notable exception cf two or three of
the most brilliant members of the gal
axy, the latter beins the bodies which
came to be known finally as planets,
or wandering stars. — Henry Smith Wil
liams, LL. D., in Harper's Magazine
for July.
Primitive man must, frcm a very
early period, have observed that the
ran gives, light and heat. It required
but a slight extension of this observa
tion to note that the changing phases
of the seasons are associated with the
seeming approach and recession of the
sun. This observation, hpwever. could
not have been made until man had mi
grated from the tropical regions and
had reached a stage cf mechanical de
velopment enabling him to live in sub
trcpical or temperate zones. Even then
it Is conceivable that a long period
must have elapsed before a direct cas
ual relation was felt to exist between
the shifting of the sna and the shifting
of the seasons; because, as every one
knows, the period of sreatest heat in
summer and greatest cold In winter
usually comes some weeks after the
time of the solstice. Yet the fact that
these extremes of temperatures are as
sociated In some way with the change
in the sun's place in the heavens must
In time have impressed Itself cpoa even
a rudimentary Intelligence.
Beginnings of Science.
Last SDrtss a Russian squadrca un
der Rear Admiral Krieger paid a Tisit
to Jaffa, frcna which pciat his men vis
ited by rail Jeru3a.>m They found
there that among all the fcreisa Chris
tian ccEuauaities Russia had fair fa tha
lead throughout the Ho!7 Land, and
especially ta Jerusalem, la bcyiax land
and la Xi-aSiizs aad estahlishinx nsis
siens. schools, hcsaltals *?:-i monas
teries. The Russian "New Jerusalem."
with Its fias modem traildlags. farms a
little town cf Itself— a fart.- ess that
commands Jerusalem. Russia >¦*%
bought ooe-third cf the itsirat cf
Olives and Inclosed It nrA the Getnse^
mace church by a wan. while frcm be
yond ths Jordan tier- can be seea ths
lofty Ru-siaa tower built oa the srsa
mit cf the mocat. and ciosa to £s«-
Church cf the Ascension. The Russian
Palestine Society hi3 existed nearly a
Quarter cf a century, aad It plays a
very important part as the tool of Paa-
Slavisni £a Syria and Palestine. It*
president is the Grand Duk? Serys. aad
amensr Its members ar» the powerful
leaders of the Pan-Slav movement.
Russia ts sparing no ex^ensa ta ti»
task cf educating 1 the native children;
thus, the leading scholars atieading th»
schools for natives are seat to Russia,
where they remain for two or tnre»
years in a seminary; then as a rule a
Russian wife is found for them. an<?
they return to Palestine as teachers.
This fact explains the scron^ Russian
leanings possessed by the Arabian,
teachers, and thereby Russia's infiu
ence In Syria and Palestine increases
daily.
According to a* recent Russiaa consu
lar report. «ix years aga «0CO chi^irea
attended the Russian schools ia Syria.
The nuiaser is now 20,500.
Russia in Palestine.
AGAIN the trans-Atlantic steamship 'lines are en
gaged in a bitter rate war aad as a consequence
the scum of Europe is flowing into New York in
ever-increasing volume. Ten dollars will carry the
English pauper from Southampton or Liverpool to the
Ellis Island immigrant bureau in New York harbor.
Active agents are scouring the poorhouses and the pur
lieus of Whitechapel and Shoreditch with ready bland
ishments for the ears of the submerged tenth of the
great English metropolis. On one day three thousand
immigrants of the pauper class were dumped upon the
oficials at the New York immigration office like so
much coarse coal for the screening.
Of three thousand immigrants who come to America,
oa' these cut rates it is safe to say that not three hua
dred are qualified to become good citizens of the land
of their adoption. It is rarely the honest laborer who
takes advantage of the low passage to fulfill the cher
ished ambition of a removal to the land of opportuni
ties; it is too commonly the hopelessly poor, the hope
lessly degraded who sees ia the opportunity offered a
chance for a change that certainjy will not leave him in
a worse state than was his first. Scraping together
barely enough money to cross the palm of the steam
ship agent this immigrant lands in New York saas
scrip and sans ambition. He swells the souring lump
of unwashed humanity in New York's tenements that so
persistently resists leavening.
With the pressure of this immobile mass of paupers
constantly increasing in the centers of population along
the Atlantic coast it is to be expected that there must be
a giving way some place. This yielding comes from
the poorer artisans and operatives, American bom, who
cannot compete with the starvation labor of the foreign
element They consequently move West and the
Eastern States lose a valuable prop in the economic aad
social foundation of their being. Even in the West lands
are being taken up so quickly that for some there • re
main only the opportunities offered by the virgin terri
tory of the western provinces .of Canada*
Even with the constantly increasing stringency of our
immigration restrictions and the rigor with which they
are enforced the swelling tide of pauper immigration
seems to be only skimmed, not checked. While we are
taking into our borders all sorts and conditions of\new
citizens our neighbor in the north is gaining her fresh
blood by a severe conservatism of selection which in
sures good citizens. No man enters a Canadian port
who doe3 not carry a recommendation from a trusted
land agent in the Old World or a sufficiently convincing
title of financial and moral integrity.
Congress has done much to stem the flood of immi
gration. Because by its laws Anarchist Turner was de
ported there came a howl against "the subversion of
constitutional liberties," but until we have restrictions
approximating, at least, those of Canada in the fineness
of their mesh the migration of the unfit from Europe
will continue to flood us with a horde of people whom
it will be' hard for us to assimilate.
CUT RATE IMMIGRATION.
Many of the milkmen of San Francisco have written
their ovrn indictment and have supplied the testimony to
justify the serious charges made against theta by the
Board of Health. These dairymen file vigorous protest
against the regulations designed to improve the sanita
tion of their dairies and to enhance the value of their
product, and they threaten to double the price of milk.
Either the milk being sold now is not worth the price
charged aad the Health Board is right in its criticism,
or the price threatened as an exaction w an imposition
on the public
HZADQUAStTESa o? THE CALL, j
E IIEXR.IE7TA STREET. CO VENT j
GAP.DEN". LONDON", June 1L— Com- s
peter.* :cdjf«s have pror^unced the I
Su^taa of Turkey'* new g team yacht, I
the BrCtbcresi. the handsomest ud j
mest artistically finished craft cf her \
eiz< a.2 ia.i. There are pome larger j
*tea=3 yachts, azrij whl h might b* j
rimed s few «-jiri*ed by Amervca.3 |
BXtttS-sHSeeazrcs, tut :b*re ia rwse.
B If declared, in whose :-:ericr ar- I
raEgeirjests and fumMifrtl 1 art. iuxury j
aruJ rttritr have bc-a mere deftly mm- j
hto*d. the cpclerrce cf the East being ]
b'.en'i'd with the practicality cf the |
W-tft.
Though Ab«fui tlzrzid II c&nrts the j
reputation cf being a z-ao of al*t£ini- ;
rzM batfts *n<i *imp.e tastes, he really j
G>'.i£-ht» •=. surrounding himself with i
lurj'.ws! magsincecce. He wanted j
a jsteit that iayide would take the i
*hiti* out c' ".'.7 other royal yacht on j
f ait -aater. So he entrusted the fur- j
liishlng and d'^corating cf the Ertho- !
rros.; to the tmsat firm that Stted up j
the Victoria ar.d Albert for Kiag Ed- \
vstzxCl. tijt llfctecr fc<r the Gtrnxa Em- |
pcror ar.d rur.dry rth*r craft t»e- j
Icryfin? to crowned heads. They were .
instructed to go them all one better
1 nd ppar« no exp«rs». "^Vith the as- j
f-raace that be has e^t -a hat fa* j
-vanned, and the bin to prove it, the \
yacht h 9 « now tee' delivered to the i
r-u.tan.
Armstr-*ng. "Whitwcrth & Co. cf ETs- I
vick-on-Tyne. irh.o turn out more \
v.arships thaa ar.y oih*r firm In ex- j
lateace. bnut the ErthogroaL Yacht j
txz'.UUziz ia not m=eh ta their Use. bet j
They Cil nut mind u^iertikiiixT a email j
fob U3ce that to oblige ar. Imperial!
•"cstom^r far whom they recently con- j
ftrncttd ore cruiser and expect to j
-bciid several more. For the Fu'.taa"s j
latest toy th*y have provided a hand- i
sota# stanch and sp*»dy little eSip. j
Z'Xi ?e*t over all and KO feet on the ]
water llr.*. with a beam cf 27 feet S j
inches txA dratring only 10 feet cf 1
*"at*r. Ker displacement is ZZQ teas. '
£ he has a high freeboard £.:uJ, as her i
lines shew, ia aa excellent sea boat,
¦-.-. •-.:¦. Abdul Hamid is nit very likely
to subject her Qualities la that direc
tion to much cf a te*U tor he has a
strccg averTlai; to venturing out of
f'ght cf !ard. The Erthogroal Is built
c? rteeL ar.d *s the Turks are notcri
• <¦ usly poor navigators, to further In-
I ure the safety "of her precious freight,
j-ho^Jd she chance to etrike a rock,
her Interior it sui»4ivided Into aa un
usually large number cf water-tight
compartments. che Is armed, too,
with several cuick-firtng cannon, and
In case of a shindy might be utilized
as a gunboat.
In addition to the forecastle she Is
provided with two large deckhouses,
the Imperial apartments, which In
clude a dry saloon, dinir-g saloon,
*ieeping-room ar.d study, being sft
tiated :n the after house. * Four other
apartments and a saloon have been
provided for the Sultan's guests, or
Prfnc*i cf the royal house, and similar
I>rovision has been made for the Im
perial suite, but no accommodation f»
made for ar.y of the Sultan's many {
wives. Turkish etiquette does not per
mit even a Sultan to take his harem
with him ca his pleasure trips and
probably Abdul Hamid wouldn't do it j
If he could. One of the greatest at
tractions of the yacht. In his e*tiraa
tlon. Trill undoubtedly be the oppor- |
tanity it Trfll afford hira to' get clear S
a*a>- frcn*. a.U the domestic squabbles !
end worries of the much married xaan.
The prevailing «y!e 01 treatment In
tn«-** various apartments Is the
cightemth century Renaitsance, which
lends Itself admirably to the
Oriental love cf warrnta and color.
But these effects have been produced
more by means of richly grained
vood* and sober gilding than by
carvc-d ornaments ar.d brilliant color
ing. The general effect i« one of rfch
nesi combined dignity and im
preasivenMa. Anything approaching
barbaric ostentation has been care
fully avoided, while at the same time
there is abundant evidence to dlscern
\t>% eyes that a mint of money has
been expended.
The finest apartments, of coarse, ere
those which constitute the Imperial
quarters, and here artistic taste and
luxury nave been united -with the hap
piest results. The ilrAng galoen is
cased in finely inlaid mahogany, with
margins cf ajnboyna wood, and the
ctiiins is enriched with gilt ornaments
In relief. The sideboards are of in
laid mahogany, with the 'Sultan's
< ipher inserted in the backs. Costly
hanging of subdued green, with car
ret* to match, impart a. pleasing effect
to the eenera.1 color echeme. The
drawing-room is of inlaid mahogany,
with silt enrichments, the paneling
being dni(J«d with gilt pilasters, and
the skylights are fijled with stained
Sii«s of exquisite workmanship, the
light that filters through . them dis
playing to great advantage the soft,
luxurious hangings of oM crimson
eiik, matching the Genoese velvet
vrith which the wall seats are up
holstered. Tables of costly wood* and
m-tlstlc desigrm. armchairs richly la
laJd with gilt moldings and a piano
Iavt5h!y but rcort beauilfuUy deco
rated complete the furniture.
In the imperial bedroom the furrJ
tnre la of iniaid satin wood, richly flg
ored, with parquetry and panels of the
c-^-**2 Cc""cyr.cn-J*^-C<u
Vkca Abdul Gees to Sea.
"About * the best fire detectives are j
large dynamite crackers. I have these j
crackers distributed all over csy house. |
aad have advised any number of per- ;
sons to use them.
"The idea is decidedly practicable. |
One cf the crackers 13 attached to a |
length cf wire, and it Is then suspended
from some place where It Is likely to be
useful
"I have these crackers hanging from
the roof cf the cellar, from the ceilings
cf the stairways, from under the pad
ded seats of the chairs and s;faa —
every place where they can coavea
lently be put and are likely to be pf
use.
"The idea Is simply this: If a fire
breaks out It can't make much head
way before It reaches one of the crack
ers, and the explosion gives the alarm.
The idea came .to me seme years ago,
and was suggested by a-fire In a groc
ery store.
"The fire had got considerable head
way, aad it was discovered by the ex
plosion of some canned goods, which
attracted the attention cf the people
in the bouse. I decided that If canned
vegetables made a good fire detective,
crackers would be just as good.
"'There Is absolutely no danger, as
some would Imagine, from the dynam
ite cracker, unless the fire Is there; aad
when a dynamite cracker— the kind I
use Is about two Inches long — explodes
It throws Itself right out with the force
of the explosioa. It is a good plan to
keep a couple of them In a wardrobe
where there are a nuinbe* of garments.
The probabilities are that If a fire
should take place the force cf the de
tective cracker In going eff •would ex
tinguish the blaze.
"I have fixed up hundreds of these
crackers for various persons, aad cer
tainly do advise their use. especially la
houses In the, suburbs, where there are
not likely to be people passing and
where a fire ia, therefore, likely to gst
considerable headway before it i3 dis
covered."—Xew York Sun.
Neither Is It especially hostile to man.
havirg cone of the waspish qualities
of so many cf its relatives. That, it
has an* effective weapon in Its stin^
It Is able to demonstrate on the boll
weevil, whenever necessary, but th»
ant does not use the stinff to laf^ct
suffering npen its acquaintances of tha
human race.
A good way to prevent yourself from nate animal Eiakes his appearance
being burned to death la your own P««=ce upon him. There U a swift
«» g u, »™ „*»-. *£«. 1 JTiSSa 0 -^ *£££££
ply cf dynamite firecrackers. That is Eicked np bO4my an<J eikrried away t!>
the theory of Chief Hortoa cf the Eal- t he ant hilL The Trilling worker de
tlmore Fire Department, who directed posits his burden ia the family larder
the efforts of the Baltimore firemen and returns to the cottoa field to re
durlng the" February conflagration ua- peat the operation.
tn he was struck by a couple of live One of the amiable Qualities of the
wires and rendered unconscious. Cera- ant of Guatemala — and It is reputed
mentlng upon this theory. Chief Horv to possess many — 13 that it does not
ton says: • injure the cottoa plast in acy way.
Firecracker Alarms.
The Moon Exploded.
"The death In N-w Tot'k by heart
disease of John T. Sullivan. t1r.« -well
known actor, within about a week af
ter Rose Coyghlan obtained a divorcr
from him," said a Ran Francisco cr
che*tral musician, "and the pathetic
message he sent to her tb«Ct he loved
her still even 'a* the curtain was being
rung down,' reminds me of an Inci
dent that was about the funniest I
have seen In my theatrical experience
and also of a pathetic coincidence
which is more than strange.
"Eight years ago I was playing In
the orchestra of the Alcazar Theater.
John T. Sullivan waa leadicj? man.
The play culminated ia a night scese
• In a darkened grove with the moon
' gradually rising and shining down j
upon a river. The leading man meets
his wife and little girL from whom he J
has been separated, and pleads with .
his wife to return to him- She is ob- j
durate, bui finally the little child j
takes their hands la hers and draws
them together. Then recoadliation
and curtain.
"Theplay ran smoothly for several
eights, "when suddenly one night dor- ;
Ing Sulliva'n's most earnest pleading ¦
the moon exploded. It was made of j
a bunch of white incandescent globes,
which went off like a lot of firecrack
ers and left the players in darkness. |
The house caught the humor of the;
situation and became almost hysteri- *
caL but Sullivan, struggling desper
ately with his lines, finally obtained
the attention of the audience and con
tinued moonless to the finish.
"I waa thinking of the real drama
he has Just acted and how If there
had been a little child to draw their
hands together la the darkaess one of
them would have been found willing
and tha; possibly the ending niignt
have beea different."
«prirs has come again. It la erea pos
sible that ks« Yanke- g-sius will
Invent an incubator for ant ers*
which will dispense with the neces
sity of bringing the que«a. ast Crcna
Guatemala, to this country; the *tt*
might b< importsd and the fncabatsr
would do the rest.
The wisdom* of the ast has passed
fcto a proverb, and th* obserraiioas
of those who have watched the ac
tivities of this useful insect h&v* fz*
tifled It. A wise* creature especially Is
the special variety of a=t Mr. Coo'x
has discovered. Its foraging opera
tions are carried oa -with deiib«rate
nesa and sagacity, asd with a fall al
lowance of opp-ortcrity to evenr Indi
vidual to get his tZL
Wfcea the acts isaie their sortie
from the art +ui, la the cool dawa
or the raoraing. they scatter eagerly
over the surrouniinx fields, a term aatJ
to each stalk of cottoa. They seen
to realize quite well that If tSey con
centrate in any one place there wi3
not be food enough to go around, and
for thi3 reason they cover a wiie area.
Lyin^r perda ca the leaves of the
plant, they await the advent ox th*
boll weevil, and when that uaforta-
fiend i-carr.3.:». delighting in the shed
ding of Christian blood and addicted
to fylns more than any other mas liv
ir.g.
The Quarters set apart In the Ertho
gTcai fcr guests. Princes cf the house
hold and the imperial suite' are scarcely
less eu— ptuous than these of the Sul
taa, the beauty cf the wc-eds employed,
particularly the j*s.nillng. much cf
¦which is •wonderfully Inlaid with ma
hogany, eatlnwood and tulipwood. be
ing especially notable. But here, as
throughout the yacht, is a striking ab
sence cf that ei>ecies cf furnishing'
which represents the popular idea, cf
Ottoman ease and luxury derived from
the "Turkish rooms" cf fashionable
caravansaries, bazaars and places cf
pub'.I-: entertainment. There are no
swinging lamps with perfumed oils and
eubdeed lights; no divans covered with
the softest cf cushions on which the
indolent may recline and whEe the
hours away sipping coffee, smoking
cigarettes, listening to music and
watching voluptuous hearts dancing.
Th^re is abend a r eg cf color, -warmth
aid richness, but its form is distinctly
European. It is said that there is a
good reason for this dominance cf
"Wfrstem ideas is. ail the "fixings** of
:h* yacht. Foreign diplomats wCI un
doubtedly figure among the Suitan'3
guests on beard cf her, and that wily
potentate wishes to Impress upon them
that he is a thoroughly up-to-date
cc"?.rch and that anybody who tries
to impose epea him will get left. The
luxury, aecordins to Turkish notions.
•with which he surrounds himself is
sees cniy by the favored few who are
allowed to penetrate behind the curtains
cf the Tlldix tics'*.
One use whi<ft the Sultan wCl maie
cf his yacht will b« keeping his eye ca
his new navy which he Is bent on cre
ating- His former Minister of Marine,
Hassan Pasha, now defunct, allowed
the Turkish navy, which once con
talr.ed a fair number of good fighting
ships, to go all to" pet while he salted
away considerably over J100.CCO.000 as
his share of the funds that ought to
have been exj>ended In maintaining It.
It is related that on one occasion the
corrupt and unscrupulous Hassan com
pletely hoodwinked the Sultan as to the
condition of his navy by getting up a
review, the feature of which was the
procession of the shirs in three divl
eions past the windows of the Yildiz
Kiosk, where the Sultan himself was
stationed. There were Just enough ve3-
Bcls capable of getting op steam to rep
resent one division, but Hassan made
the craft comprising it repeat the evo
lution twice, and not till long afterward
did Abdul Hamid discover how he had
been tricked. Hereafter he will attend
naral reviews in his new yacht, and Jt
will be Impossible to fool him In similar
fashion.
The first Important vessel of this new
navy, a fine cruiser of 4000 tons, named
after the Scitan, escorted the Ertho
groal to Constantinople. Thither had
preceded her another but smaller steam
pleasure craft, the Seughulda, alio built
at Elswick, which win serve as the Sul
tas's state barge on the Bosphorus.
-E. LISLE SNELL.
«=ie vood. Adjoining it is a bath
room In whit* and marble, with a
nvirble JJoor. Opposite the bedroom is
tli* Sultan's rtudy. treated in cedar
w-oo-i. -with purple wood inlays and re
lieved with goid. The furniture Is al3O
cf jrarpie vrood and the uphoLstery of
gree^ -plush leather." Bookcase and
xrritl^s desks I:r.r>art *° *- an siT oi
Intellectual activiry z* 1 * help sustain
the refutation Fhlch Abdsl Homid's
friends have bestowed on him of be
ing on* cf Che hardest worked raoi
archs in Europe. According to the
picture: they draw of hlca he- Sr.vari
atly rises with the dawn, devoting but
a few hours to sleep, and often spend
ing the entire night, pen in hind, de-
Tisir.g mear.s fcr Improving the condi
tion cf his subjects and checking th*
machinations of Turkey's enemies.
Pro tab !y ihis is no further from the
troth than that other picture -with
whi2h the v,-crld is familiar that de
picts Abdul Eamid &.<• a specks of
The new proposition of the platform will not be novel
to readers of Tee Call, since it responds to demands,
made in our columns frequently during the last three
years. The constitution of the United States requires
that when classes of voters are disfranchised for reasons
over which they have no control, such as race, color or
previous condition of servitude, the representation in
the House and the electoral college of the State which
enacts such disfranchisement shall be decreased in the
proportion that the disfranchised class bears- to the
whole population. When the constitution was adopted
cne of its compromises provided that in the . Congres
sional apportionment five slaves should count as three
in the enumeration of population to determine the ratio
of representation in Congress.
This three-fifths representation of non-voting chattel
slaves grew to be obnoxious to the sense of justice in
the free States. But it was constitutional and it stood
and was the means of giving the South her supremacy
in our national affairs before the Civil War. If the
South can now do two-fifths better for herself by count
ing every negro as one in ths ratio of representation and
at the same time deprive them of the franchise the Fed
eral constitution will be grossly violated. As the North
stood three-fifths slave representation, because it was in
the constitution, the South must now stand the com
plete elision of the negro race from the ratio of repre
sentation because it is in the constitution. She cannot
cat her cake and keep it
The negro disfranchisement has been before the Su
preme Court, which decides that it is a political ques
tion "for Congress, the political branch of the Govern
ment, to decide. The constitution fixe3 the penalty for
denial of the negro franchise. It is a reduction of repre
sentation. The Republican party does not propose to
force negro suffrage upon the South. It does not pro
pose to strike down the constitutions of the Southern
States, which by the "grandfather" clause and other de
vices rob the negro of the ballot. It does not propose to
in any way plant a footprint inside the boundary of
State rights. But it does propose that the constitutional
penalty shall be enforced, and that the South shall not
tske away the negro ballot and at the same time enjoy
an unconstitutional excess of votes in the House and
the electoral college. To this policy no reasonable man
in the South can object. . If the South have sixty mem
bers of the House and sixty electoral votes in violation
of the constitution pride and self-respect should dictate
to her leaders the policy of surrendering them that she
may be purged of" the offense.
It is well here to quote the exact language of the con
stitution, found in the second section of the fourteenth
amendment: "Representatives , shall be apportioned
among the several States according to their respective
numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each
State excluding Indians not taxed. But when, the right
to vote at any election for the choice of electors for
President and Vice-president, Representatives in Con
gress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or
the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any
of the male inhabitants of such State, being 21 years of
age and citizens of the United States, or in any way
abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other
crime, the basis of representation therein shall be re
duced in the proportion which the number of such male'
citizens shall bear to the whoTe number of male citizens,
21 years of age, m such State."
A close examination and strict construction of that
section, taken in connection with the preceding section
that grants negro suffrage, make it plain that the authors
of tHe fourteenth amendment contemplated the denial of
suffrage to the negro, and were aware that the Federal
Government could not coerce a State in the mattei and
that its power ceased when the penalty of reduced
representation was enforced. The South has incurred
that penalty by negro disfranchisement and should take
its medicine. The free States did by enduring three
fifths slave representation from 1789 to 1864.
The demand that" our nationals must have the pro
tection cf their Government everywhere, against the at
tempt of any foreign Government to deny to them jus
tice, is timely. Even in this hemisphere our pride has
been., too often shamed by ccpunished invasion of the
rights of Americans by the small spitfire Governments of
Latin-America.
THE Chicago platform satisfactorily reviews the
Republican record and pledges the future action of
the party. Protection is upheld as a cardinal doc
trine, and needed revision of tariff schedules is promised
as a matter of course. The pledge that our merchant
marine shall be revived, is repeated and will be "carried
out. It is cot only an economic necessity, but b a
necessary adjunct to the upbuilding of our navy. With
the vast majority of our foreign commerce carried in
foreign bottoms we are at the mercy of events if the
f.ags ur.dcr which it goes and conies should be at war.
Net only would our export trade suffer, but impairment
of our imports would cut off the tariff revenue of the
country to the embarrassment of the treasury.
The declaration that labor and capital must alike sub
mit to the law is satisfactory to every orderly citizen and
good American. Only those who advocate partial ad
ministration of the law or its complete submersion in
the interest of a class and against the great principles
of civil liberty can object to the platform paraphrase of
President Roosevelt's declaration, that "no man 13
above the law and no man is be!ow it."
THE REPUBLICAN PLATFORM.
The park should be mapped; its trees and plants
catalogued and described; its climate, streams, fauna and
all that relates to it put in a volume that will make" one
of the most attractive .advertisements of San Francisco
and the Stare that has ever been issued. All of this will
grow out of the wisely planned publicity excursion
which will be conducted by the State Board of Trade.
When the park becomes known an impetus will be given
to park extension and forest preservation that they can
get in no other way.
people in San Francisco have ever seen this forest park.
If it were located anywhere in Europe thousand* of
touring Amerioans would visit it and tell of its wonder^
at home. But it is near to us, convenient of access and
practically unknown* and mrmited.
The State Board of Trade has put San Francisco and
California under many obligations for great service
well rendered.^J3ut ii has done nothing in which this
city is more interested than this publicity excursion.
We want to let the State first, the United States next
and then all the world know that this city has such a
park within easy reach. Out of this publicity will come
improvement in facilities for getting there, and then the
park will be the resort of thousands who seek rest,
pleasure and health. It will also attract botanists and
dendrologists and scientific foresters who want to study
nature.
ITHE SAN FRANGISGQ CALL
J0H3 D. SFSECKELS, Proprietor » « « » Address AH Commcnicatiom'to JOHN HcHAUGHT, Sfimgcr
Publication Office '- .Third and Market Street*, g. F>
| FRIDAY ." '. JUNE 24, 1904!
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, FRIDAY. JUNE 24, MM.
Special Information supplied dally to
business houses and public men by tb«
Press Clipping Bureau <Allen'«>^23S Cal
ifornia street. Telephone Mala 1942, *
The unlucky citizen who had his dress suit saturated
with coal oil from a tumbling car lamp. and now wants
damages for humiliation, lacerated feelings and an outfit
made worthless has reason to, congratulate himself that
neither spontaneous combustion nor a recklessly thrown
light made his complaint an affair of duty and of honor
for his heirs '
There is an establishment in Brus
sels for teaching: the lugubrious art of
grave discing. It was founded by a
cemetery company and was so success
ful that It received" official approba
tion. All candidates for the post of
sexton in Belgium must have' been
graduated at this unique academy.
Expert Grave Diggers.
THE State Board of Trade has arranged a publicity
excursion to the new. State park in the Big Basin.
That is the finest forest park in the world. No
where else is there such an - expanse . of virgin forest,
composed of trees as interesting and beautiful, reserved
for park and pleasure purposes. It is so convenient of
access from San Francisco as to be actually a part of the
park system of this city. Its redwoods, the Sequoia
sempervirens, are of such girth and; height as to rival
their giant cousins, the Big Trees. The other varieties
of trees are features in the forest and not merely foils
for the redwoods. The beauty and the majesty of the
park are not to have justice done them by any descrip
tion. Yet we "are safe in saying that -not two, hundred
TO THE BIG BASIN.
High license for saloons and an absolute prohibition
upon gambling represent two .great strides recently
taken in progress and decency by the people of Ventura.
It is good for. the citizens of San Francisco to know
these things, even if they carry no more meaning than
the threatening finger of comparison. We are too big
to enjoy some of the privileges and amenities of -normal
civic life. , - . • «
Some surprise was expressed the other day that a
thief who had deftly abstracted a wallet from the
pocket of a hotel guest should return everything except
the money which his peculating cleverness had won.
The victim is unwise to doubt a thieFs wisdom. In
these interesting days of ours the possession of money
is full title of ownership, as big and little transactions
of all sorts amply demonstrate.
8
MEN AND MATTERS IN
THE FORE AS THE WORLD
MOVES
TALK OF THE TOWN
AND TOPICS OF THE
TIMES

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