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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, July 07, 1907, Image 3

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The San Francisco Sunday Call
A RAILROAD
TO WONDERFUL
REDWOOD CANYON
AFTER the builders of the Aim
Valley and Mount Tamalpats
scenic railway drove the last
epike in the "crookedest railroad
In the world" and crowned the beauti>
ful height with the cozy tavern where
all creature comforts are to be Jiad
they might well have rested on their
laurels, having given to their own and
all the coming generations a priceless
heritage, but they did not. Within the
next few months these men who "went
to the mountain" will open up a two
and a quarter mile spur that will" take
the eager public into the virgin heart
of Redwood canyon in which Is tucked
away "Sequoia grove." This is not an
approximation date, nor is the scheme
a dream on paper. The road is built
and simply awaiting its equipment,
which is now being constructed.
It is an open secret that hardly, a
day passes but' what some of the pa
trons of the road take the trip Into
the new wonderland, but fcr the pres
ent the number cannot exceed the ac
commodation of the gravity cars. These
fortunate ones will be the heralds of
this new chapter of the gospel of the
mountains and the woods that lie In
Its shelter. The comfort, pleasure and
consolidation it has to offer will be
for all who seek it. The book will soon
be open.
For the past decade people from
every part of the world have, through
the advantages of this alluring way
up the mountain, learned all about Its
dignity. Its splendid anatomy and its
beauty, which is always new, because
it Is ever changing. They have spent
hours, and even days, under the en
chantment of the vista that Is spread
on every side, challenging every other
in the world, because it is of ocean
and bay. Islands and peninsulas, cities
and villages, highlands and lowlands,
mountains and foothills, in fact, a
combination of God made and man
made things that Insistently bring with
them contemplation of the thought of
the "Unending Genesis" and a realiza
tion of man's place in the universe as
& cocreator.
The- road to the redwoods is in the
mountain top vista. As a feat of en
gineering it Is as interesting as the
far famed main road. It can be seen
meandering around the shoulders of
Che mountain and, like the parent road,
there are not many straight rails in
it. The charts and the blue prints
show that in some places there are a
few tenths more than the seven per
cent grade that wsts picked out in
loops and curves from Mill valley to
the tavern. Seven per cent grades,
*vhen considered In connection with
the Mount Tamalpais railway, bring
full consciousness of the comfort and
eafety assured. Seven per cent grades
mean nothing wlien one thinks of the
car wheels that fairly clutch the deep
flanged rails and the sturdy little en
gines with all the mysterious little
wheels and shafts that seem to whirl
**Ith joy as they take thn hundreds of
people up and down the mountain
every day. Theu, too, this road has
been cared for with nothing short of
loving solicitude. By the most Ingen
ious device, old boiler tubes have been
used to tie the rails to the sleepers to
prevent their slipping down hill, - be
cause of the Inevitable expansion. and
contraction. T«»crc are over 6,000 of
these tubes doing this yeoman service
on the mountain. The regular engines
of the . line would not furnish tubes
enough for this tying, but everywhere
boiler tubes are^ being Incapacitated,
and so it was not difficult to get these
aids to mountain railroading once Gen
eral Superintendent William Thomas
decided that they were " the things he
wanted. The rails aro automatically
watered as the mountain trains climb
up and slide down, and so they almost
refuse to wear out. "When the road
*ras * first built there were' so many
trestles that it seemed that the • train
has never quite off one; now these,
jßith but a half dozen exceptions, have
nil been filled In and culverts, that are
about as big as the sewers of Paris,
prlvo free play for the torrents, large
nnd email, that dash down Uie innum
erable cuts in the mountain. Even the
half dozen trestles left will coon be of
i iio past.
Out of all the experience on the main
road the one leading to the Redwood*
canyon has been built The original
road cannot take any airs unto itself,
for the now one has as many .sinuous
curves, as securely tied railß and as
•wonderful a panorama to present with
the glory of the woods at last.
At the Bowknot
The new road starts on its pretty,
way at the double bowknot, wfcere the
track parallels itself five times within
a distance of SOO feet — a fitting place
for such a. trip to begin. Once in tho
gravity car that spells a ride full of
exhilaration, a carefully locked switch
Is opened and In an instant the , first
curve is turned and' away the car, starts
down the sunny slope of the mountain
Bide. With Its four steady brakes, mak
ing a Etop practically instantaneous, a
ride to the canyon is like a spin through
the air In a really, up to date auto.
Each curve brings something beauti
fully new to contemplate. , At first the
run Is through -the open country, but
soon comes the dash • into - the upper
part of the redwood grove. Once
within the dappled shade of. the trees
comes an Irresistible /desire to put' on
all four brakes and stop the car. It
Is hard to move on. even though you
know that there will never be an ax
raised to murder, the sheltering' trees.
"Yes, we got bur redwood for 'the
ties on the place," said Superintendent
Thomas, "but we • would ' not cut do vn
a tree to furnish ' them. We" got them
out of fallen trees and the few that had
to be taken down for the right of "way;
Ties cost $I: apiece now, but the com
pany would pay- $5 apiece for ' them
rather than sacrifice a. tree," That spirit
Js the secret of the success of the
Mount Tamalpais. road.
The road runs into' a clearing oh- the
•dge of the forest. And here r it Ms
:• \u25a0 \u25a0 \u25a0 • • - \u25a0• . ; •••-;
that very soon, when material anfl
labor- are available, one .of the mojst
beautiful resorts in the country wkl
be built.v It will.- face the south as ;
well as the woods; it will be of rein
forced concrete; it will have every cou-*
venience that the experience and art.
of -man can devise;, it will be a place
where people ".can stay a day or for
ever, where • they can " rest every mo
ment or can walk to the ocean as wtii
as to the woods. Taking, into con
sideration the value of sunshine in Cali
fornia, the hotel will be so placed that'
not a corner of .it will be in shadow-.'
Then, too, it will be on the upside
of the road, so that the people bound
for the forest will "not .have to! so
through and around the hotel, thus in- \
suring the greater comfort of, theguest
for a while and the casual visitor. Be
fore the last polish is put on the last
bit. of finishing. in this new hotel, ' the
company will have expended upVard of
? 100,000. -,•'/.;
The trails beginning at the terminus
have been so . blazed through the re I
woods that there v will "be > enough- of
them to swallow up in an. instant car
loads of people. But every one of these
trails .will lead the happy men ; and'?
women and children out for a ; holiday^
to; the-* most wonderful parts of 'Se-\*
quola canyon. The trails, several . ef "
which are already cut and ready, will
, be kept in good order, as is every thin gy
belonging to ; the company. '.Xo contin- "
gency, of \u25a0 travel has .been forgotten. A
broad road suitable for. wagons or au
tomobiles has? been cut .from the end
of the car -line to accommodate those
who prefer riding to the grove instead
;0f strolling down the trails. .The neces
sary vehicles will be put on \u25a0 the, road
by the railroad people, ".making it pos
sible for the -veriest invalids to go to
this heaven in the woods that, other
wise would be lost to .tlie'm forever.
Thinking farther along the directors
aro ; planning for a short gravity road,
like the one at Mount Lowe, that" will
run from, the end of the ; road directly •
into the canyon, a convenient drop that
will.' land its ; passengers in the forest
in a twinkling/
Sequoia canyon Is the precious hold-
Ing of William Kent, but as ; he owns
a large interest In the Mill Valley and
Mount Tamalpais- railway this - won
derland of giant, trees is in, reality one
of the ideal expansions of :% the rail
way. Mr. Kent, more, than^any one
else In Marln county, has stood guard'
over the . redwoods," and to insure i their
preservation finally acquired.- the "eri^
tire grove.' Not for himself alone : does
ho care. for this valuable possession.
To the public, he says, you are v wel
come to all the 'pleasure and 7 comfort '
and Inspiration of the" woods.- 1 Come"
into them by 'the outside lands or by
the railway— any way . you i like, f he "
says, "only. keep' the law of the beau
tiful jungle." : The spirit, in which ithe 5
forest, with . its . more than 80 ' acres :'of ;
big ' trees, is: opened to: the 5 public I' is
expressed In. the notices that "are tacked'
to the, trees" as Tcarefuly: as » were •those'"
love: messages rln -the' forest *of Arden."
At first they declare ; In -, largo ; type : v J
"Building fires, breaking; trees,* pick
ing greens strictly prohibited.'^ ".;
And then, as if by- way.of =a\welc6me : .
and perhaps ; furthers to emphasize the"
. fundamental injunction,) one v reads:
"The public is. welcome" to visit Red-' 1
wood'eanyon and Sequoia- grove,%b'ut! on?
the 'sole ' condition* that r they .y do v not -
build ', fires,'* break i trees or Utter the .
grounds ' with ' paper — " ; . < .: , <
, Realizing^ that >: no - public, however
weliyintentioned, ;;, could go : ; into -the
t grove picnicking, and do what -Is asked »
, of.] them'withoutisome? help, ?Mr.l Kent?
has had the number of trails increased
, until they, take one to,practlcallyevery'=
corner and to \ «very,;beautif ul spotf fc«
has provided l rustic } tables ' and > benches '
of ' c great \ slabs \of i- red wood, "i and**; has)
placed seats at convenient places, ala©'.
cans for: refuse. One b f the chief charms )
of { the ~<i forest, ; , the \u25a0/ stream I that s-, purls
musically/; through its f entire "length;* Ib^
crossed '>by£ several* rustlo bridges, so
there is no need to fall into the water
crossing • the i stones, unless » one dares
their] moss covered (or glassy sides.?: On 1
the i others hand, there iis to * be ; special •
provision" for, those Vwhor find delight In ?
wading a i mountain ;;> stream.'
There % has :?been|.talk"j'of i a ? swimming
lank fed I byv" these : same f streams ; .and i
.with < all 5 that"^ has ibeen Vdohe -therei and ;
alii thatvt'is oto i be"J. lt i ls f quite i within \
the ranic of that?- this'
f eature\will übe > added* indue ; time. , ; ; \u25a0"\u25a0
Nature's ; Tales ; '.:'\u25a0:\u25a0:. -" /,, V' '
.There » Is ; no * gardener: but i nature « ln J
Redwood t'£ canyon 't arid A Sequoia i grove,* \
as , this \u25a0 great forest is • bfflclall y ; kno wriK
and ij the frcare Xtaketi f* of $\u25a0 the | growing \u25a0
things ; ,ls ' beyondi compare.* V In,* looking/
at* the * grove! as * a£ whole iit i is ; easy ,l to ;
recalltf John 2 " Muir's S description/ of \u25a0* ithe "
virgin forest" in Australia- that ho} tray- '-
t spoke of » the | stories" mad* I
. by the ' tree I f «rnavi the? pines and | the
I mammoth I? •noalyptlTL- So V tt ;\u25a0 Ib iU with \u25a0
? Redwood canyon I and *\u25a0 Sequoia ," grove.
Hazel and laurel and the trees that are
* content Jto % live! In the \ shelter! of 1 the]
I forest ; slants i make t onei story/ and i the ;
1 redwoods ; and the sequoias :\u25a0 the .- others/
"i Carpeting jvf. this r;;i forest,, 'v nature If', has 1
:- planted? in { all I ', the shaded places' that -
; exquisitely Jdellcat© t creeper;-*, wild ]§• ox-'t
Valla,'* and ? every| variety f of ' fern i she't has <
;- everT devised-"; 1 She has *put .the: morot
kinds ;- at ;.';; the *£ outskirts/ 1
i; but j^j safely, in. _\u0084 the -, "\heart ~? -rof \
Wthet forest "fva'ref the i sword the %
'$ maiden* halr,tthe»goldjbacks*and:sbmel
f. so 1 beatitlf nlly i fashioned I that f the > * bot- [
T .would;beibusyj,wlth[classiflcatioh7J
1 Some* of ' the^' most ; wonderful s displays ii
;-\u25a0\u25a0 of: ferns ?are\ to 'bejaeenfonf the^steepi
walls}. that -at r places dlstlnctl y 7 mark
the>»linevof.rtrio?canyon.. Besides the
adornmentu of-thei;'canyon;. nature- finds
wme ; of hcrvmost artistic' workt in coy
eringiup > blemishes. -^ In \u25a0 the .long ryears
iw ifew^trecs: havet fallen* and ;the^ purl-
Ing stream,- which % sometimes tin i winter'
I* •; a£ torrent, J has 4 . washed '\u25a0 the V earth
from "those "on' the; bank 'leavlng^roots
flisplaycd. '^ ?In - every :: instance /of c ihis
kind j nature; has -planted -delicate ferns
an'digrasses, and ;pretty> things' to; cre"ei>
overAthe; roots*' which ; were?" meant .to
be i in ;the 'ground.' \u25a0.Unmolested \u25a0 some of
the 1 tree's <: have \ played ',\u25a0 curious i pran ks
In- the"; forest. , A f ew/haveifallen'' as if
they 1 \were ttoo .\u25a0 lazy/ to; stand i up, -but
have k'eptfon. growing;falthf ully. ; Some
have 'taken* root l in. t\vo or ; three ' places
Quite f comfortably, "and ."so "continue to
be ; luxurious. ;X; From : ; theV fallen i 1i 1 trunk
of j* one j tree ia ; soldierly ;] line .of-, baby
trees is growing. :• J^3|^BE«E| '\u25a0">\u25a0 \u25a0'\u25a0'\u25a0
Where » the; sunlight streams azaleas
are ? growing padding) their/ perfume^ to
that ; of i the ; pungent "greens." Here : and
there % are j tiger '\u25a0' lilies, r;;.-:\u25a0r ;;.-:\u25a0 There .f are a
few.s pines! to f add * thelrl beauty :, to . the'
ensemble .andf their .f.. little '?. cones i and
needles ! to ; thel rich - soll. ; . A' r great , va
riety gof £ low/.growlng ;. things ? make 4 a
lacy^green'arid'.wlld' flowers give pretty
bits sof ! colors \u25a0" "\ ' : \u25a0 \u25a0\u25a0\u25a0
}v Af tef(a 'lwhllo ,- there^will ;^he I a little
sign * to -tell! the i stranger iwhatjbridga
to f cross | and>iwhat vtrall 'i to "take \\to
reach, the : particular part Of the 'woods
where* 1 In J f ormer| years] the ! members •of
the ] Bohemian? clixb "\u25a0 held \ their J mldsumr"
mer;' high \ Jinks.' z "-There f are , the 'two
sentinel. «trees>* between^' which A tho
buddha'sat ;ic J,\ al though^ time ; and ; the
rains f have I been busy \u25a0* read Justin g * the
Errdund * ana I the J growing ! things,*! 1 ; there
are mar ks iof : cdhfln'es ' of j the ' amphi
theater Slwhere ?: thei merrymakingiiwas
held. v ?i|.TheT ; Boheiniahs v did V not £ move
because^, they f didj not * like J theTgrove, c
but J*because£lt^was ,; too r ; near J, civiliza
tion ; f they Jdid 1 not ] have 'ground f enough'
to Be quite to ''theaa'elx'cs. ; That;they .
jfelt' that 'way. is nothing 'shorty of iv a '•
blessing. Their move saved < the place ;
to the public."
Haunts of the Deer
There have been yeark .when . Red
wood ', canyoni was ' leased as * a .preserve
when it .was 'noi longer, the happy^ home
of, the deer.",' Xow, it is restored to them,
although, thsy arcf not f quite sure ". of jit
yet.*, They •"corae'.very, cautiously, over
the* ridgo .and sriow themselves. ..Tho"
"Why, Should the Eyeball Be White?
D.LDjlt ever occur, to'you to inquire
why the eyebail.of the: eye.- Js
white?,asks the PittsburgrGazette.
The reason is rather curious. The
blood-vessels .which" supply its surface
areso fine that they do not admit the
red of the blood.
.1-iThe* eyeball. is covered with a coat
known \u25a0as t'tunica* sclerotica." which is
;amazlnsrly T tough' and elastic and covers
;,the;entire eyeball .with the exception "of
the'part'behind jwhere th« optic ; nerve
\u25a0enters; and of, the corona in front. 'The
pupil : of .'the eye Is a- deep" holerfilletl
with a .transparent'lens and fitted with
a most < exquisite^ arrangement of ,mus
; cles which' w.lden lit Xwhen;the light is
dim ; and narrow; it < in ; a; strong7glare. . .
. Do:you;know»thatjyou;have.a ?bllh<l
, spot? 2 1 n \u25a0 each ; eye ? L^That • Is/ a* 'small
portion'of the, retina Is incapable of ex
cltlng-vthe sensation ; of >vislon".when It
receives the image Jot •• an^dbject. l'i This
; blind 'spot 'corresponds, with" the artery
- lying] in' the^center^of^the Coptic I nerve.
By a wonderful provision of nature tho
blind spots do not'eorrespond when tho
: are j directed \u25a0 toward • the same , ob-
so7\they *, cause "no 5 Inconvenience,
• and A few} beyohrt doc tors and opticians
are'even" ; a"ware;of their; existence. '\u25a0•"
Practically rall;r all ; persons < are right-^or'
'leftf^eyed. A although , they may , not
"knowjlt.- is nearly always a
little stronger than the other,' and:con
_sequehtly^ls'more used.r Of course", ; the
difference * In"} many * cases 2 13 /so i great
that itl has to ; be ; artificially corrected.
kseper whcflires at the edge of the
canyon knows all about them. Aj *
memento of the days of the huatar.
there is a log cabin not far from tha
wagon road entrance.
It Is hard to say which of the charms
In Redwood canyon la the most allur
ing, but- certainly the birds are not
the least of them. They are there and
have all the airs of proprietorship,
flitting and singing with as v much
abandon as birds must have whan they
know that no pot hunters are allowed
to cross tho grove. But the tr estops art
> so ; beautiful it is quite likely that tha
birds 7 share them with Petsr Fan and
his fairies." .
It Is hard to leave the forest, but tha
time i comes when one of the ; faithful
little engines comes down from the
tavern to .haul the gravity cars up
to the double bow knot. And at this
point. In these Informal days before the
regular equipment has arrived, the en
gine uncouples the gravity cars and
quite alone they make their merry run
into Mill Valley.
But up, or down, from Mill Valley to
thfe mountain top and from there down
to the loop and on to Redwood canyon
and • Sequoia grove there are alluring
things, on every side. Even where tho
trees are not, there is rare beauty, for
there is never; a month in the year
when something is ' not blooming on
Mount Tamalpais from the early days
of tho wild; lilac to the red berries of
the Christmastime. There -is so much
, irf the big distances to see that the
:pfetty things growing Just at hand are
not always noticed.
. Ji; Not long after the road to the moun
tain top was finished General Superin
tendent William Thomas, who. besides
. knowing every tree and shrub from
' the tavern to ; the farthermost corner
of -the i forest preserve, has a penchant
.for putting up directing signs, marked
a trail leading', from the loop: "This
way to Redwood canyon.** Somehow
the dlrectorsjof the railroad- looked at
that sign long enough to do some hard
thinking about' making that trail Into
a road, and so, tradition *says, the road
to the forest wonderland came Into be
jng. ' " HfIGSBBSBBSMm
f %But' after everything has been said
and .done ' by the casual visitor. It Is
this same . Superintendent Thomas who
Is, the best authority on the mountain
and: the forest" His heart is quite di
vided between loyalty to the mountain
and; devotion to Redwood canyon, but
after. he convinces those about him of
the majesty of the mountain, he says:
. ."I'm . not • both'ertng about golden
stairs, bufl want you to know that If
heaven is. half as good as Redwood
'canyon, you will not find mo com
plaining.''
In many* cases, too. the pupils o" the
two eyes vary quite ' considerably In
size. i39v99N&MBHt
Shortsightedness, it has been. proved,
is more common among people with
light colored eyes than those with dark.
At the ; same time, among gray haired
persons arc found those wtth the most
powerful sense of vision of any.
' Muscular fatigue of the eye can b«
measured by the number of Involuntary
eyelid movements or blinks made p«r
minute. Read, by candle light or other
insufficient illumination and you will
find yourself blinking seven times a
minute. In ' ordinary gas light . you
blink about. three times a minute, but
If you work in softened daylight or by
powerful, yet shaded electric light your'
eye tires so slightly that you do not
blink ,more than once in '30 or 35
seconds.
The eye . lashes give most useful 'aid
in. shading the eyes.' The average has
100 to" 15Q hairs on the upper lid. and
SO to'lOOVon the lower or, say, 450 to
SQO lashes in all.
The eye lashes are not permanent.
They are ; constantly falling out and
growing 'again., and v are entirely re
newed at . least , three time 3a • year.
Along , their edges, the eyelids ; are pro
vided with a little oily secretion Just
sufflcleat to keep the tears, which wash
and clean the eyes, from overflowing.
\u25a0Eyebrows which grow thick and dark
arc avery sure sign of good constitu
tion and ' physical endurance, - If j they
are lighter ,than the hair they ladicato
lack of vitality. ' —«**.•«.«

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