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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, February 13, 1909, Image 5

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For, Bargains in Real Estate
Look in the Classified
Advertisements in-
TOMORROW'S CALL
VOLUME CV.— NO. 75.
PANAMA LIBEL
SCANDAL RILES
CONGRESSMAN
Lovering Says Rainey Secured
His Information From New
York World
Declares That Chapter of Rare
Blackmailing Plot Will
Soon Be Revealed
Names, Aliases, Haunts and
Plans of Perpetrators of
False Stories Known
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12.— That
Representative Rainey of Illi
nois got from the New York
World his information regard
ing the Panama canal affair, which
formed the subject of his recent speech,
and that ex-convicts and corruption
pertaining to the acquirement of title
by the United States to the property,
was the charge made in the house by
L/overSng of Massachusetts.
'•Maybe." he said, "the World did not
originate all the scandalous stories It
published, but its columns were public
and we do know that 'the World did
give credence and circulation to them."
'\u25a0 Lovering declared that "the perpe
trators of these false statements are
known and the story of their doings
reveals a chapter in the history of
blackmailing that is rare in the annals
of crime. These gentlemen," he said,
"are known. Their names are known;
their aliases are known; their haunts
are known; their plans are known."
"Does the gentleman object to stat
ing who they are?" inquired Burleson
Have Been Run Down
Lovering protested that he was labor
ing under great difficulties because of
the absence of Rainey from the cham
ber. He admitted that he did not notify
itfoe Illinois member that he was to
speak on th!s subject. "I want to say,"
be said, "that these men have been run
town and brought to book, and it turns
\u25a0• out that many of them are ex-convicts
and they stand a good chance of re
running to the penitentiary."
He "was pressed by Shackelford of
Missouri for information as to who
these convicts were, but Lovering
would go no further than to state that
• before long they would be produced in
\u25a0"court. Their names, he said, had been
".brought before the grand jury, both at.
:. Washington and New York and at the
. proper time would become known to
tie general public.
• "How do you happen to be familiar
' witji the eecrets of the grand juries?"
Shackleford asked, but before he could
. answer Games of Tennessee inquired if
I he was not a warm personal friend of
William Nelson Cromwell. Lovering
•admitted that he was.
Abuse of Free Speech
• '• Further referring to liainey, Lover
.' ing said:
. "This gentleman has been made a
victim 'or he is too willing to asperse
such fair names x as those of Charles
\u25a0P. Taft, Douglas Robinson, William
Nelson Cromwell, Roger Farnham and
several others." It was, he said, a
"shameful prostitution" of the privi
lege of free speech which members en
'\u25a0 joyed on the floor of the house.
-•' For this utterance Lovering was
' promptly called to order by Law
rence of Massachusetts, his colleague,
•who was in the chair.
Upon the suggestion of Games
• (Term.) that Rainey had been sent for/
and that the speech should proceed
further until he had arrived, Lov
.- ering yielded the floor temporarily.
After waiting a reasonable time and
•Rainey not having returned to the
chamber, Lovering resumed his re
marks. He had not proceeded far when
tie was told that the Illinois member,
who was scheduled to make a Lincoln
speech In Baltimore, had been over
* taken at the railway station and was
on his way to the house. Lovering
' again, suspended his remarks.
Rainey Reappears
in a short time Rainey entered the
chamber and stated that his Baltimore
engagement would prevent his remain
ing throughout Loveringr's remarks^but
that he later would make answer should
he find it necessary.
Continuing, Lovering declared that
.the evidence was complete and suffi
cient to convict "the blackmailers who
* had tried to work their game not only
in the gentlemen I have named, but on
both -political parties."
Last fall, he said, an effort was made
.to sell" the stories to the democratic
".campaign committee and tliat certain
• leaders of that party took the matter
under consideration, but that they
were not used because they could not
be substantiated. lie charged -that for
nearly two years prior to that time
"thesa game men had been pursuing
Cromwell with the expectation that he
would pay them a large sum of money,
varying from {5,000 to $25,000. They
thought he would pay to have these
stories suppressed."
Lovering . declared that those per
sons were always met by Cromwell
T with. an indignant refusal and the re
ply that they might do what they
Continued on race 11. Column 2
The San Francisco Call.
INDEX OF THE
SAN FRANCISCO CALL'S
NEWS TODAY
TELEPHONE KEARXY 80
SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 13, 1909
WEATHER CONDITIONS
YESTEIiDAY— PartIy cloudy; .91 of an inch
of rain; west wind; maximum temperature, 0C;
minimum, 4S.
FORECAST FOR TODAY— Showers; brisk
southwest winds. Pace 17
'EDITORIAL
Condemnation of Spring Valley plant. Page 10
Work gf the agricultural college. rage 10
Shippers must get together. Page'lo
To save the water rights. Puge 10
LEGISLATIVE
Assemblyman Cogswell asserts agricultural
course does not fit students for practical
work. PaseT
Ilerrln machine plans defeat of direct primary
bill and Senator Wolfe labors during illness on
speech against reform. Page 7
Fish commission object to attack in resolu
tion. Page 7
State railroad commission charged with
neglect of duties. Page 7
Amendment to bill defining powers of
school trustees may revive anti-Japanese eegre- ]
gation Question. Page 7
C!TY
Stage celebrities in this city discuss tendency
of immoral plays. * Page 5
Union Iron works controls drydocks and ship
repairing facilities In local harbor and
refuses use of "tools of trade" to com
petitors. ' Page 5
Mrs. Annette Hartzell testlfles In suit for
damages against John A. Murphy. Page 0 \u25a0
Disgusted footpad strikes victim because he
has no gold. Pngrc 13
Within a year San Francisco will have finest
clubhouses in United States. Pagre 16
Daniel Maquarre and Mrs. Matilda Lencni.
Boston elopers, - arrested. Page 8
Greenway ball on February 19 to have carni
val features of Mardi Gr»s. Page 11
Forest problem solved by planting of euca
lyptus, • which is becoming Important Industry
in state. l'njcr 16
Demctrl Treshlako. aged 4S. kills Dorothy Ma
lakanofT, aged 10, who rejects him. Page 7
David Belasco, playwright and theatrical
ov^ner, returns to Sau Francisco after an ab
sence of 13 years. . • P&irc IS
Los Angeles girl refuses to wed m«n se
lected by her partnts and -comes to San Fran
cisco. Page S
Gabriel Ilines attached by Kragens* creditors
in bankruptcy on examination of secre
tary. - Pace S
Sale of seascn tickets for kirmess has. already
realized more than ?s,ooo'for children's hospi
tal. . VmgeO
SUBURBAN
Tolice arrest Gluseppl Pla, an Italian; as the
assailant of Elizabeth Grapes. Page IS
Lincoln, fx.erc.ises conducted by students .-- of
Stanford university. , :.' -\u0084' " Pace ß
Attorney Henry L. Corson found not/ guilty
by jury. . PnjeS
In speaking at Darwin anniversary Professor
Brooks tay s mutual aid ' Is - factor in evolu
tion.' \u25a0' , ..\u25a0 '„. ; PajpeS
Oakland may «oon secure • complete control of
its water front. :' . Page 8
COAST
Cloudburst causes, flood that carries away pa
vilion and clx persons at foot of Mount Lowe
incline. -:*V- Page 0
Charles E. Robins, formerly of Santa Clara
county, drowned In swollen stream near Red
ding. Page 7
Ten thousand special Lincoln postage stamps
sold in five minutes. ' Page S
EASTERN
"Spring Valley's attorney makes statements
before senate committee that are refuted, by
San Francisco's representatives. Pace 5
Julia Ward Howe, "the grand. old woman* of
America," delivers poem on Lincoln In "Bos
ton. ' *• •, Pagre 5
Taft wants Knox made eligible for. the
cabinet. Page 7
Congressman Lovering says Panama scandal;
Is blackmailing plot of- ex-convicts, who 'are
known. - . PageS
Taft addresses, negroes at New. Orleans and
attends banquet. .."?.".,;.. Page 7
Lincoln's birthplace' is marked with, impres
sive exercises. ' . ' / Pace 5
Japanese ambassador. Baron Takahlra, eulo
gizes Lincoln and promises peace. Page 6
Montana legislature resolution favors . exclu- !
felon aci. Pageß
White men willing to' work for . subsistence :
"sold" at auction in New York churc \u25a0 Pace 9
Mrs. Edwin Stanton Cook killed In mysterious
automobile accident.' ' Puce ,S
Chancellor . Beckert, German diplomat at
Santiago, Chile, arrested in connection .with"
fire.' Page 0
Kicg Edward leaves Berlin, and German
and British diplomats exchange friendly ussur-[
ances. I vr* % Paces
Series of attacks upon women and girls in
Berlin by man armed with sharp instru
ment. Pace 8
Climax reached in Llberian situation and
British gunboat Is on guard. \u25a0 . Pace 0
King Manuel. of Portugal may marry Princess
Beatrice, daughter of the duke of • Edln-'
burgh. ; PaceS
Italians at home and. abroad will . work . to
defeat California proposal to place double duty
on olive oil. > , . Page O
SPdRTS
Seattle men offer a purse of ?200,000 for Jef
fries and Johnson. \u0084. '. Pace 12
Three favorites and \u25a0 two second choices' win
at Emeryville, Pace 13
Arasce wins his first start yesterday at Ar
cadia. Pace 13
Oakland club will open the baseball ; seasou
with 15 players on payroll. Pace 12
Australian Rugby team and All Californlans
play today. Pace 12
Willis Britt departs for the east to get ready
for the Ketchel-O'Brien match. • • Pace 12
Miss Igabclle Smith of Evanston, 111., wins
Coronado golf championship.' : Pace 8
MARINE
Engineering, class r from state university
will be given a, practical lesson in wharf Tcori-'
strnctlon today by the. harbor commission's eri^
glneer. \u25a0 ' Pace 17
MANUEL MAY MARRY
PRINCESS BEATRICE
Engagement Is Expected to Be
Announced Soon
LISBON.. Feb. 12.— A newspaper^here
prints a report that the cngagement;of
King Manuel to I Princess Beatrice,
daughter of the Duke of Edinburgh,
probably v/ijl be. announced soon. ' ,
SAff -ffBA^CISCO,y SATURDAY, FEBRIJ^Y^ 13,- 1909.
MONOPOLY OF
DRYDOCKS IN
SCHWAB'S HAND
Union Iron Works Controls Fa«
dlities .for Ship Repairing
in Local Harbor
President McGregor Refuses Use
of "Tools of Trade" to
Other Concerns
Commissioner Stafford Suggests
State Aid to Company .'-Will
ing to Lease Property
That the Union iron works has an
iron heel on the drydock and ship re
pairing facilities of San Francisco har
bor to such a monopolistic extent that
the state may be forced to aid in the
building of a drydock to compete with
the Schwab property at Huters^ point
developed yesterday and the situation
was admitted by President Stafford of
the' state, board of harbor commission
ers.
When Charles Schwab came to San
Francisco and purchased the drydock
properties at Hunters point and Six
teenth street the transaction , was
viewed with enthusiasm by interested
persons as being the outward sign of
a money king's faith in the future of
San - Francisco.
But now shipping men have discov
ered that this port is without an inde
pendent drydock. They have discov
ered that every dock is owned by a
concern prepared and determined to
do all the work on every ship docked
there.
Monopoly Dictates Terms
In the case of ships of a certain size
which must be docked to be repaired
the Union iron works, through the con
trol of the Hunters point dock, have an
absolute monopoly on the work.
With such a condition existing the
only relief would be for the state to
aid in the building of a competing dock.
President Stafford believes that' the.
state might build a drydock as well as
any other kind of port equipment, and
has suggested a plan whereby the state
can.unite with capital to : facilitate the
building of a dock to relieve the situa
tion. Ship repairing plants.are eager
to find some" plan to take them but of
their difficulty.
Concerns like the Union, but not
possessed of drydocks, have found
themselves unable to bid on many jobs
that involved drydocking without first
making terms with their big compet
itor.
Stafford Sees Remedy v
The fat began to fry with a' noise so
loud that it had reached the ear of
President Stafford of the board of har
bor commissioners. Stafford has a
remedy which probably will be applied
with - expedition, as „ the • situation is
considered serious. :
The ship repairing concerns that have
not had 'occasion to test the -new situa
tion themselves have been .wondering
what, will be the attitude of the new
owner of the drydocks toward com
petitors of the Union iron works. John
A. .McGregor, president of iiie Union
iron works, settled this in a statement
made yesterday to The Call. v . \u25a0
,"The drydocks," he said, "are open to
all comers. now, as always. We bought
them' /as. an . investment and want to
keep them busy all the time."
That sounded reassuring, but there
~tvas more. to come. -;.,•..
Competition Is Barred
"Do you mean by that, Mr. McGregor,
that a competitor ;oC the Union iron
works may hire one of the drydocks,
put a ship on it and do the ,\vork as un
der the former ownership of the docks?"
"Decidedly ; not," replied Schwab's
representative. "We ; would no more
allow, that than we would allow an
outsider to do work in -our shops. .We
have our own plant and can and will
do. any .work necessary to any ' ship
that uses our drydocks. The docks are
ours. now. ' They are tools in our busi
ness, and will be operated strictly for
.the .benefit of the Union iron works."
State Aid Suggested V
President Stafford's suggestion for
the .relief lot the situation As the con
struction of other drydocks by the in
dependent repairing concerns with- the
state as a kind of. partner. .
''Under the law," he said yesterday,
"I do not; see why this; board should
not build drydocks as well as any other
kind of port equipment. We have no
money available, but the project could
be- financed in 'the same way that a
number of wharves have, been built.
Let those interested in having an in
dependent drydock forma company.
"If -this is done I will "promise , to
give the project all my support, and
further will agree -to provide "a. loca
tion -fronting,: on a seawall' lot' where
there will, be room for 1 the construc
tion, of machine shops.'
','We will further see- to it- that the
terms, of the > lease are such that . no
faction L ccn • monopolize the docks and
that .they are so built .and, maintained
that when the lease -expires the prop
erty, will revert; to the state ;in good
condition/ * " ,
INDECENT PLAY
NOT IN FAVOR
WITH ACTORS
Players Blame Public Demand
for the Production of Im
moral Shows
Playwrights Deplore Tendency
; '>>. •. and Managers Hope, for
Change of Taste
Women Worse Than Men and
i New York More Lax Than
San Francisco
Is the tendency toward Immorality
growing in modern plays?
Doe* the public demand indecency, sng
gestlreneas .and Immorality on the
stagref
Can a play of the sweet, clean, whole
some kind succeed as vrell financially
as the Hennational play? .
If the tendency toward immorality is
growing:, whose fault .is it— the
author'ti, the actor's, the manager's
or the' public's?
These and a host of similar questions
were discussed yesterday by people,
who, possibly thanrany others in
San Francisco, are qualified to pass
judgment on the problem which the
questions involve. Aroused by the utter
ances of Charles Burnham.Marc Klaw
arid other New York theatrical man
agers who have openly denounced im
moral plays, the people of the stage
actors, authors and managers — talked
freely, and their expressions turned the
floodlight on a problem that is ever be
fore them.
Diversity of opinion -found .wide
range in the views given by a dozen
of the most representative theatrical
people 1 in San Francisco, and on only
one or .two phases of the subject' was
there a unanimity of agreement. Few,
it is true, would discuss the merits of
the five plays particularly cited by the
New York managers as Indecent, and
the. subject consequently was treated
in a broader, more abstract way. There
was no defender among them all for
the j3trictly .Indecent*., plays, .though
opinions differed; as to. what consti
tuted indecency, and immorality."
David Belasco defends his own pro
duction, "The Easiest Way," one of the
five plays stigmatized by the manager
ial critics, on the ground that it is not
Immoral.'" Others decry the problem
play as well as the openly vulgar class
of musical comedies. Some say the
tendency toward immorality is grow
ing. Others argue* that the stage is as
clean today as.it was a decade ago.
One thing they all agreed . upon, and
that is that San Francisco will not
tolerate a degree \u25a0of suggestiveness
upon the stage that New York wel
comes.
Ten years ago, when the very saucy,
.Frenchy play, "The - Turtle," was the
sensation of the day.it came to the old
California theater in San Francisco, and
a critic - who the : first . night
performance said of it the next morn
ing," "I wouldn't take Little Egypt to
see 'The Turtle.'" That night the thea
ter was ; crowded^ to -the doors, but the
play had'been. blue; penciled meanwhile
under command"' of :>: > the lessors 'of the
building. Then the" attendance imme
diately fell off. Would that happen
today, I n San Francisco ? Some % nod,
while others .shake ith'cir heads. :
Listen. Ahen, to the people of the
stage: \u0084 --• -.* '. '- -:-a-. . * ' , '.-\u25a0.::.*,...'
DAVID BEI-ASCO, ot 3Vew- York, author,
manager and proiflucerj All this stir
has been created since I left New
York, so I am not familiar with the
-•movement. ' But 1^ understand "now
they have withdrawn their criticism
of "The 'Easiest If they had
still persisted '.that.;. It •;. was' an - im
: moral play I would think that it was
simply a move on the part of "the
"theatrical trust to! attack me. .As.it
" is, "The • Easiest Way"- is a moral, hot
an Immoral play.'; It concerns* a vital
• problem 'of life, but that; one : should
be; understood. The play has. to :^do
with a young girl .who goes wrong,
.who takes the easiest way of life
and goes down "the great white way,
as we call it in " New York. The j play
shows the unhappy consequences iof
such a step. .In:it : the author calls a
r spade a spade, but there is nothing
salacious in it. " I believe that* it .is
the most- vital' play ever written in
America. It is a play : towhich^a
young man may take his. sweetheart
o"r his mother or his wife. It shows
that ' allY life ;'- is\not . a»rose garden.
Life Is ' what we are writing about
: . arid : it -should be ; presented ', as "it ". is."
"In" regard to Clyde Fitch's*; 'Blue
Mouse/ it Is ! a; sprightly comedy of a;
class of many other successful; plays
and Is not wrong. .1 have not seen
the other. plays or musical shows that
are condemned. - ' ' • - *
"But New York *is a great city ; 1 1 is
V one ; of the great , \ capitals 'of the
world, andy there ;: are -people- : there
. * who demand plays of , a sort 1 to which
objection- might be .made. There Is
always a call: for salacious plays.
"In .writing 'Dv \u25a0Barry', 1 might have
made the character sweetand. inno
cent, but it then' would not have been
true. r fhe ; same is vtrue -. in^the; case ; of
Continued . on ", Pag- ll.YColunni 4
Lincoln Poem Read
By Julia Ward Howe
'Gran<d Qld Woman'
Writes Verses
On AAQrfvr
[Special Dispatch lo The Call] r
BOSTON, Mass., Feb. 12.— Julia:
Ward Howe, "the grand old woman
of America," delivered a poem "on
Abraham Lincoln- tonight at the Lin- j
\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0-, ' '<\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0 v:-.:...;\u25a0v :-.:...;\u25a0 -. \u25a0 \u25a0 \u25a0\u25a0\u25a0 - .- . \u25a0'•!
coin : commemoration in this city. •
Mrs. Howe will be 90 years old on
her next birthday in May. She is one
of the. most remarkable figures of the
half ;.. century of our national history
which had the civil war as its center,
and she has been eminent in the wide
\u25a0\u25a0 - \u25a0: .\ \u25a0.• -\u25a0•\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0 \u25a0 ..\u25a0•-\u25a0\u25a0
ly different fields of authorship,' phil
":.', ..' ' ' .'•'\u25a0 \u25a0 v \u25a0 - \u25a0
anthropy and politics. She will, al
ways be known as the author of "The
Battle Hymn of the Republic," which
was written while visiting the army
camps hear Washington in 1861. The
poem written and ' read by her last
evening in Boston follows:
nrHROUGH the dim pageant of the years
1 A wondrous tracery appears :
'A cabin of the western wild \
Shelters in sleep a new born child.
Nor nurse nor parent dear can know
The way those infant feet must go,
And yet a nation's help and hope
Are sealed within that horoscope.
Beyond is toil for daily bread,
And thought to noble issues led.
And courage, arming for the morn
For whose behest this man was born.
A man of homely, rustic ways,
Yet heachie'ves the forum's praise,
And soon earth's highest meed has won,
The seat and -sway of .Washington.
No throne of honors and delights,
- \u25a0\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0•*. - , ; - \u25a0'\u25a0 \u25a0\u25a0•.\u25a0\u25a0--
Distrustful days and sleepless nights,
To struggle, suffer and aspire,
Like Israel/led by cloud and fire.
A treacherous shot, a sob , of rest,
A martyr's palm upon his breast,
A welcome from \u25a0 the glorious seat
.Where blamelesssouls of 'heroes meet.
And. thrilling, through unmeasured days,
A song of gratitude and praise,
A cry that. all the earth shall. heed,
To God, who gave him for our need.
SPRING VALLEY MEN
ENCOUNTER SNAG
Compelled to Moderate State*
merits at Final Hearing on
•Heidi Hetchy Grant
[Special ' f Dispatch to t The Call]
WASHINGTON,:: Feb. . 12.— The . last
hearing' for this- session- of congress on
the resolution giving .San Francisco
water rights In the ;Hetch Hetchy val
ley was had Before the senate,commit
tee on public lands this v year, when
the .whole merits of the case were gone
over on practically the same lines as
before the: house committee some tinie
ago] Spring Valley, however, did
not have such* .smooth sailing
as "they had before the house com
mittee! Attorney McCutcheon of the
Spring Valley company, for instance,
repeated the old statement that. his
company ;• had: repeatedly tried to sell
out to San Frkncisco. Chairman Nel
son asked a few, questions . and then
plumped out:; " You never made a square
proposition to sell out to San Francisco.
You' never • came right out and met the
city squarely on that proposition." ;
,: Engineer Schussler said his company
could go on. and develop 109,000,000,ga1
10ns daily. This was disputed. Some
talk- was made about the difficulty that
.the Spring : Valley had had in dealing
with the board of supervisors of.-San
Francisco, and upon that -Dr. Giannini
asked .what .was meant] An apology
was at once entered, along r with "-the
statement that C there
to reflect upon any of the supervisors.
:J. D; Phelan, Dr. Giannini ;and En
gineer Manson* went over the; commer-'
cial and industrial importance of the
Hetch ". Hetchy water supply/ to San
Francisco, and at the end of these state
ments the committee took the matter,
under 'advisement; until next Wednes
day ."I when v a meeting will be held <to
consider the resolution in executive
•session.'
JTTUA WAKD HOWE
GIRL REBELS AGAINST
PARENTS ' CHOICE
Miss Mahoney Would Wed Los
Angeles Man Instead of
Chicago Selection
Miss Rita Mahoney,, the daughter of
J. J. Mahqney," a wealthy real estate
man of LO3 Angeles, is in sore distress.
Her . parents, will not .consent , to her
marrying the man- of , her choice, T.E.
Burke, a 'real estate man of Los An
geles, but would jrather seeas a son in
law a citizen of^ Chicago, whom the
young- woman bears no good will and
whose name she declines to divulge.
Because the uncertain bridegroom of
the Windy. City" is hastening westward
Miss Mahoney is now in this city regis-.
tered at the St. Francis, preparing her
trousseau ' and arranging /all the little
details incident to a marriage ceremony.
With her .-: is. her .sister. Miss Mildred
Mahoney of; San. Rafael.*.-.'.
Miss'Mahoney last night scouted the
idea that she had run' away from home
to join her sister. But the story goes
that, she had; nothing, but a handbag
when she lef tithe parental roof.
However, she. admitted that there was
a conflict as Tto , w^io should ibe the suc
cessful suitor. On -one side is the wish
of .the - parents • strongly urging -.the
young Chicago businessman, and on the
other side- is; the girl's personal choice
of T. E. Burke of Los Angeles. •
The ; Chicago" man, »whose name' and
identity Miss 'Mahoney " refuses to di
vulge, is now speeding .westward in -the
hope^of , : yet capturing: the; bride -and
taking her to* his heart.' ' He has been
advised.; it. ls said, .by 'telegraph by the
girl's ".parents • that he - must ~ speed rap
idly ;to the scene, if 'he would be the
successful: competitor.
\u25a0 "My folks object to the marriage, but
I will, marry .Burke inside of < a,:, month,"'
Miss'iMahqriey said: last night. _
"I intend?, to .'•be*marrled< in.= Lbs An
geles. My parents* can not' dictate wHo
shalllbe'my/husband."
; • Oq the eleventh anniversary of the
Blowing Up of the Maine
. in Havana harbor, Admiral Sigsbee gives
his last word on the subject in
THE SUNDAY CALL
PEIGE FIVE GEKTS.
LINCOLN'S
BIRTH PLACE
IS MARKED
Roosevelt on Centenary Applies
First Mortar to Memorial
Pile of Stone.
Political Parties, Sections, Races
and Generations United at
Historic Spot
Classic Building of Granite Giveft
Beginning When President
Lays Foundation
Address Commemorates Monu*
ment Lincoln Builded in
Hearts of His People
HODGEyvn.T.K. Ky.. Feb. 12.-<
Henceforth the birthplace of
Abraham Lincoln is to be
marked by a pile' of stone. -The
emancipator of a race — and. more than
that, the liberator of the thought of a
nation — builded his own monument iit
the heart of the world, and appropri
ately the physical structure that has
now found a beginning at the place
where Lincoln first saw the light takes
the simple name of a memorial. It la
to be a simple and classic building of
granite, and it is hoped that it may
be completed some time next fall, when
then President Taft will officiate in
dedicating it. as the president, Theo
dore Roosevelt, today .officiated In lay
ing its f oundationstone.
The cornerstone laying ceremonies
were participated In by the president.
Governor A. E. "Willson of Kentucky:
former Governor Joseph TV. Folk of
Missouri, president of the Lincoln
farm association; Hon. Luke "Wright,
secretary of war, an ex-confederate
soldier; General Grant "Wilson of
New York, representing the union sol
diers, and I. T. Montgomery of "Missis
sippi, a negro and an ex-slave. Wlta
one exception the orators, representing
not only the conflicting sides- in the
great struggle, but the present genera
tion as well, the two political parties,
the white and black races, and the dif
ferent sections of the country, spoke
from the same platform and with the
same flag, a splendid specimen of the
stars and stripes, fluttering over th«»m.
Mrs. Lincoln's Sister Absent
Six or eight thousand people were
present. Among those who had been
expected to be present was Mrs. Ben
Hardin Helm, tfie only surviving sister
of* Mrs. Lincoln, 92 years old, but she
was kept at her home in Louisville.
much to the regret of all, by her in
firmities.
The exercises were conducted under
a tent erected alongside the cabin in
which Lincoln was born. The weather
was sufficiently disagreeable to render
the tent useful.
President Roosevelt and his immedi
ate party arrived shortly * before 1
o'clock, after a drive over a heavy red .
clay road from Hodgenville. and five
minutes afterward Governor "Wlllson
called the assemblage together and In
troduced Rev. E. L, Powell of the First
Christian church of Louisville, who
pronounced the invocation.
The speakers* platform accommo
dated few except the participants in
the exercises and the president's im
mediate party, including Mrs. Roose
velt, Miss Roosevelt. Mrs. Augustus E.
Wilson, Captain A. W. Butt and Doctor
Rixey. -
The president was frequently inter
rupted by applause. He confined him
self closely to his manuscript, except
at the beginning he departed from it
to make reply to complimentary \u25a0 allu
sions to himself by Governor Folk.
President Roosevelt Said:
We have met here to celebrate
the hundredth anniversary of the
birth of one of the two greatest
Americans; of one of the two or
, three greatest men of the nineteenth
century; of one of the greatest
men in the world's history. This
rail splitter, thisk boy who passed
his ungainly youth in the dire pov
erty of the poorest of the frontier"
folk, whose rise was by weary and
.painful labor, -lived to lead his
people through the burning flames
of a struggle from which the, na
tion emerged, purified as by fire,
tyorn anew to a loftier life. After
long 1 years of iron effort., and of
. failure that came more often than
victory, he at last rose to the lead
ership'of the republic, at the mo
ment/when that leadership had be
come the stupendous .world task of
the time. He grew to know great
ness, but never ease. Success came
to him, but' never happiness, save
that which springs from doing well
.'a. painful and vital task.
Power^but Not Pleasure
Power was his, but not pleasure.
The furrows deepened on his brow,
•but his eyes were '" undlmmed 'by
either hate N or fear. His gaunt
shoulders 1 were bowed, but his steel *
thews never faltered as_ he bore
for a burden the destinies of hft "
people. His great and tender heart
shrank from giving pain; and the

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