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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, July 04, 1909, Image 18

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111 Treatment of Enipfeyei Often Cause of Crimes of Violencel
DETECTIVES AT
SCENE OF CRIME
WITH MURDERER
j Cunnmgham Shows How He
i Made His Escape After Kill
\ ing Miss Brasch
Prisoner Maintains His Calm
r-'! _ \u25a0 S I '\u25a0-'iJ'" r .i.'.
\ s Manner; and in No Way Indi-
\ cates Faintest Remorse
i haps onc-thing»aad pcrhap# another."
"But suppose a charge of murder is
[ placed against your name?*'
"Well, I guess I would get a lawj'er
j then. Still, even, though I did show
those detectives where to find that
cartridge today, and they bring that
W asainst me, still tb*y "will have to
prove .that it Tt^gsthe cartridge out of
j my revolver."
No Fepr of Gallows
Tou I suppose, that you
j may hsn?;. Don't the fear of this op
i press you?"
[ 'CCot, a. bit,** xepSied the -prisoner
! smilingly. "I don't belie\-e In crossing
!a. bridgja, until it is time for. me to get
;on the 'other side. It Isn't time yet
for m«*to think of moving across, but
! -when It comes close to that time I may
begin to think of. the bridge. But I
j don't r.ow. Of course, we all have
to di« some time or other, and there
S isn't to much In life that we need to
fight to stay here. Drowning: Is an
*>asy death, I understand; well, hang-
Ing may be easier."
"Again you may go to an insane
asylum, like you say you were in at
Phoenix," Cunningham was reminded.
Prefers Death to Asylum
•Td much rather be hanged than put
into an asylum," the prisoner answered
at once. "And I"d rather be hanged
than put into prison for life, too, or
for any term down to 15 years. A
I lighter term than 15 years would be
I better than death, I guess. Of course,
what will happen to me will happen,
. that's all there is to it. and I won't
worry until I find out what is going
j, to happen."
"Tou talk like a fatalist." was put in.
"No, I don't think I do." the prisoner
i eaid slowly. As I understand It fatal
ism is thinking that everything -Is fixed
to come out in a certain way, and you
can't change it. Now there la a bit
of difference .between what I said and
•what fatalists believe."
The murderer's mind grasps all that
is said to h!m' at once, and he shows
the effect of more education than the
average common laborer possesses. He
is always willing to talk on mesmerism,
and always swings the conversation,
•when discussing this, to the statement
that, one person can make another
think, if he has that other under mes
meric influence, that a thitd person,
perhaps miles away. Is standing near.
Mesmeric Control Idea
"If I had you under my mesmeric
control," Cunningham said, addressing
n. •reporter, "I could just look into your
*>yes and then look away, and you
would see any one I thought of stand-
Ing where I looked."
Detectives Driscoll and McQuaide in
tend to rest their case until the coro
ner's inquest determines what sort of
a charge shall be placed against Cun
ningham. The inquest will be held
some time In the early days of this
week. The detectives probably will
interview Monday J. I* Brown, the ad
vertising man who caw Cunningham
\u2666standing In the hall outside of Gray
Brothers* office door immediately after
the shooting. ;
PROTECTION ASKED FOR
ITALIANS IN DISTRICT
Consul at New Orleans Appeals
to Mississippi Governor
NETV ORLEANS, July 3. — An appeal
to Governor Sanders for the protec
tion of Italian citizens of Bossier par
ish was made today by acting Consul
Papplnt-at New Orleans. KS
Feeling against the Italians is said
— "to run high as the result of the mur
der of "Wimberk Boney Jr., a young
planter, by a party of Italians near
Bcinton, La., Thursday.
The Italians have been ordered to
•leave that section.
HOTEL FIRE IN GOTHAM ,
DRIVES GUESTS INTO OPEN
$750,000 Blaze Also Destroys
Scene of Famous Bread Line
NEW YORK, July 3.— Fire in a five
story building at Eleventh street and
• Broadway today drove the guests of
the Hotel Bradford, near by, into the
streets, ' and imperilled tne Hotel St.
Denis* across the way.
The damage is confined to the build
ing -and Is estimated at $750,000.
The fire destroyed Fleischman's bak
ery, the scene of one of New York's
most picturesque charities, the- bread
line.
DAKI6H MABOKIO CLVB BANQUET— The
6r*t annual inertta* of. the Danirti Masonic
club recently orgsniwd. w*s held at the r«lr
mont bwel !«** nlcht. : the;; occasion being
r*l<*rated hr a banquet. President James
Madison presided, and «*«*»« «?™
t,r Dr J. Moljraar.l. Captain 3. Esenen. Halrcr
Jacob..*. Jacob Peters*, > and Han., Sonwn
of Hay ward. The dub U a purely social one
and compote of Danlfb Masons.
j^:^^oß^m^^
"THOU SHALT NOT KEEP OVER
NIGHT WAGES OF A HIRELING"
OAKLAND, July 3. — Dr. M. Friedl'onder, rabbi of the First Hebrew congregation, excoriated methods '
of the Gray Brothers in a discourse this morning. He said: - •.. .. . . \u0084 ;
"It is to be regretted that the civic law ofour state does not provide 'whereby Gray Brothers are not, made ;
tp share in the punishment of ihe horrible crime in the murder of Miss Brasch. Anti-Semites criticise Juda-; |
ism for being a 'religion of the law,' when the fact that in Judaism every phase of 'civic life, both capital and i
labor, the employer and the laborer, is protected gives Judaism a basis oh -which the civilization of all ages :
can safely rest and by which all stages of human life can be safely guarded. -Nineteen hundred years of
civilization and progress have not as yet provided against outrages such as those systematically committed by
Gray Brothers in withholding and speculating with the wage of their hired men. Against such civic wrong :
Judaism, the much criticised 'religion of the law,* provided 3,000 years ago. x
" "Thou shah not keep over night the \vages~of a hireling' is at length treated and emphasized by the rabbis, ;
and Maimonides, the philosopher and commentator, 'regards thewrong of withholding the wages of the work- '<
ingman when due like the crime of taking one's life. The revealed system , of wrong' against their employes, :
let us hope, will stir the citizens of our. state to the consciousness of an outrageously existing civic wrong and ;
the necessity of legislative remedy. ' . '
"The Heart of the poor workingman cries out from under the oppressive system of such employers, and '.
the conscience of humanity re-echoes it." , N ;
PUBLIC SENTIMENT
WITH WAGE EARNERS
Unskilled Toilers Should Get
Their Money When the
Work Is Done
Continued From Pasre 17
stance the charge was the same — that
wages honestly earned by the hard
est of toil were withheld for weeks and
sometimes months; that company
checks were used in payment, from
which excessive deductions were made
by agencies making a business of ad-
vancing money to the laborers prior to
the date on which the checks became
payable and that every effort made by
a laboring man to secure satisfaction
from the firm was always met with ab
solute refusal and open insult.
Already the denunciation of time
check systems such as that employed
by Gray Brothers. has brought about a
movement of large proportions for a
reform of the laws to make such ro"b
bery Impossible. Mayor Taylor* has
put himself upon record as favoring
the immediate action of some sort- of a
regulation to compel employers to ex
tend humanity and justice to their men.
State Labor Commissioner Mackenzie
has voiced the same sentiment and has^
already begun an investigation look
ing to the bringing about of such a re
sult. . Labor leaders united yesterday
in denunciation of the system, and the
subject will today De the theme of
sermons in many local pulpits.
Killed in Legislature
P. 11. McCarthy, president of the
building trades council, stated that sev
eral years ago a bill relating. to wage
payments for laborers was presented
to the legislature and killed 'without
consideration. He referred to the prac
tice of postponing payments to labor
ers as shameful and little short of
criminal in its operation and edclared
that he hoped the present agitation
would result in the passing of strin
gent laws to prevent the continuance
of such a thing. Andrew Gallagher,
secretary of the labor council, also
spoke strongly concerning the matter,
and Michael Casey, president of the
teamsters' union, said that the body
which he represents will undoubtedly
take active steps to assist in any legal
reform that may be considered ade
quate to cover the subject.
Harry. Gray's Statement
Harry Gray, a member of the firm on
which the stigma of charges of inhu
manity has been heaped by an outraged
public conscience, refused again yester
day to discuss the details of the Cun
ningham and Xovak incidents. In
stead of taking the matter up from the
standpoint of his own firm's methods
he insisted on looking at it as a "sys
tem generally in vogue," and contented
himself -with the statement: ' j
"These men are unfortunate In hav
ing to wait for their money, but they
are not in any worse position than the
businessman who has to stand the
strain during the financial stringency.
We have been forced to pay our men
half in cash and half in drafts because
bur debtors were slow in paying us.
"Regarding Cunningham, - I know
nothing. I never even sa wthe man."
"How do you explain the' fact that
Cunningham, quit your employ April 26
and has 'not been paid yet?" Gray was
asked. i. fe' ; {
"I do not care to talk about that fel
low at all," was his reply.
He would say nothing about the
Cunningham check, which called lor a
payment July 19 of work, the last of
which was performed April 26, nearly
three months before. So far* as actual
discussion of concrete ' facts was con
cerned he became absolutely silent.
Incentive to Violence
Chief of Police Jesse B. Cook was
among those who added their denuncia
tions yesterday to the attitude main
tained by Gray Brothers toward their
employes, and to the way in which
many of the large corporations
throughout tho state exact a petty
graft from their poorly paid laborers.
"The system of some contractors in
paying their men is outrageous and has
a tendency to force men to commit
crime from tt spirit of revenge," . the
chief declared warmly. "Just think of
a laborer, who has a hard row to . hoe
at any time, working hard for a month
or two arid. when he expects his wages
he \u25a0is % given a piece " of paper 3 payable
nVo"\ months" after date. This is an
outrage.' A laboring man should be
paid at once on presenting his time
check./lfa man is put off from time
to time is it any wonderthat ho broods
over it, and finally ends in crime? There
is no law -.to reach these contractors
and! they .must settle It with their own
consciences.:
"Complaints. have" been made to Cap
tain Colby aot the southern, station by
men who have" been put- off by Gray
brothers just as Novak andNUunnlng
hamc were. Of course Colby, could
do nothing In the way' of helping the
men, but * when -he was told that a
woman had been shot in a contrac
tor's office, h^- immediately said that
it must. have .occurred in Gray broth
ers. • \u25a0 . .\u25a0 .• • • ' v -". •
_ "The system Is wrong and something
should be^donc so. that laboring men
will be paid whenever' they present
their time checks.; ' .".-'.-
"It is a ; matter f or „ the. state labor
bureau to take (up, .and JiL nothing on
the statute books can cover.' the ground
legislation rshotildvboi_RSk*d*- to 'put lan
end to this" pernicious system."
THE SAX FRAyQISGO CAJ.U SUNDAY, JULY^O I9O9
ALL NIGHT MARCH
MADE BY TROOPS
First Field Artillery Battery
Returns to Presidio After
Six Days' Outing
Captain Albert U. Faulkner with Bat
tery F, First field artillery, returned
to the Presidio yesterday — after 1 a six
days' outing. The feature of the trip
was 'the night march which took
place Friday night .on . the return to
the post. This was eminently success
ful, and gave the troopers a practical
insight into what might be expected in
times of war.
The troops c,ame back in good shape,
and Captain Faulkner expressed him
self as highly pleased with the work
accomplished.
Lieutenant Cyrus R. Street, United
States army, has been detailed as pro
fessor of military science and tactics at
the Mount Tamalpais Military academy
and will take his position there August
15. He relieves Captain John A. Lock
wood, retired, who has been at the
academy for the last two years.
• Major Harry C. Hale has returned
from a 30 days' leave, and is once more
at department headquarters, acting, as
assistant to Colonel W. A. Simpson,
adjutant general. »
Troops Bound Westward
OGDEN; Utah. July 3.— The Twelfth
United States, infantry, j consisting of
about' Boo*enlisted men ahd 45 commis
sioned officers. : under, command of Colo
nel W. 11. C. Bowen and Lieutenant
Colonel A. It. Ames, passed through Og
den this morning, en route to San
Francisco and the Philippines In a spe
cial military train of two- sections. The
train stopped but an hour,, and after
the regimental band rendered a few
musical selections proceeded on its way
westward.
'The troops are duo'to arrive here to
morrow morning and will at once'go to
the transport Thomas. They will be
paid Tuesday morning by Major G. E.
Pickett. "
Army Orders
WASHINGTON. July 3.— Army or
ders: Lieutenant Colonel Lea Febiger,
Third- infantry, will join his regiment
in the Philippines, sailing from San
Francisco about August 5.
First Lieutenant 11. Smith, medical
reserve corps, is relieved f com duty at
Vancouver barracks and- will accom
pany the^Fifteenth and One Hundred
and Fifty-ninth companies, coast artil
lery corps, to Fort Ruger, Honolulu,
sailing from San Francisco about Au
gust 5. "
FIRE DESTROYS MAIN
BUSINESS BLOCK IN NAMPA
Idaho Town Suffers $250,000
Loss, Started by Firecrackers
XAMPA, Idaho, July 3,— A $250,000
fire swept the main business block In
Nampa today, and for four hours
threatened to destroy the , town. The
fire was started, it is alleged, by an
unknown loiterer at '.'Jack's
The man was. setting off flre crackers,
when suddenly the flames broke' out.
The unknown man is missing and is
supposed to have lost his life. This,
however, can not be confirmed. '
-The flre crackers Ignited a quantity
of fireworks stored in the frame build
ing, and before the flames could be
controlled they had wiped out the Bank
of Nampa, half a dozen of the largest
stores, two hotels and many other busi
'ne.«s- enterprises.
The water mains of the town were
torn up for repairs, and It was beyond
control before it was possible to get
water onto the flames.
PREPARE FOR TRIP TO
PEARY'S BASE STATION
Doctor Cook to Be Take n Home ;
v Eskimos to Go North
NEW, YORK, July C— Captain | Sam
uel •W. Bartlett : of -Brigus, N. F., and
Herbert L. Bridgman of Brooklyn have
purchased and are equipping for a voy
age to Etah, North Greenland, Peary's
base station, the 98 ! ton schooner Jeanie
o? Bay ' Roberts, N. " F., which will : sail
under command \of \u25a0 Captain ' -Bartlett
from '. St.: Johns, N. ; F.; about "July ils.
The vessel; will endeavor to .bring Dr.
•Frederick A."Cook. home and will --• also
probably take .north Mene, the young
Eskimo, who, with - a number of hla
countrymen, came to the ;United-States
12 years Ago..
NEVADACIT\ r MAN IS
SEVERELY CUT IN QUARREL
Adam Craig Stabs Lloyd Haas
and v Lands i n Jai l
L \ NEVADA CITY, < July 3.— Lloyd Haas
was stabbed; and dangerously iwoundecl
this afternoon by Adam Craig during
an -altercation"; between the two men.
Craig is in tho fc'ounty.' jail. /
Rah! Bahl.Rah! Hip! Hip! Hooray;
fourth of JulyiinSan^Josel.vThree'-big
days on Interurban ; Railway! Excursion
tickets sold' at oQr offices in San Jose and
Loa Gatos, for; 30 '. mile -ride., through
orchards and foothills." with stopover at
Sara to sa,r; Congress *: Springs and;-; San
Jose or: Los • Gatos. c^ 40c for . round • trip.
Tickets* can* too used? on neither < 3d/? 4th
or sth or;July.v~Ourji regular. Congress
Springs ticket will also be sold, for,, the
three daya, . "*.•
*\u25a0\u25a0**** }->-' ;\u25a0 ~- \u25a0•;-•\u25a0. \u25a0' j; \u25a0 - - \u25a0-- \u25a0\u25a0
MAGNET WRECKED
WRIGHT AEROPLANE
May Not Be Able to Fly Again
Until Next Friday or
Saturday
WASHINGTON*,- July '3.— Orville
Wright left for Dayton today to
get the cloth necessary for replacing
the lower plane of his machine, which
was badly" ripped in striking a tree
yesterday while the aviator was gliding
to earth. There. may not be a flight
of the aeroplane at Fort Myer until
Friday or Saturday of next week.
It seems now that the cause of the
motor stopping while Orvlllo was fly-
Ing about the field was due to the
magnet, which differs from the one^the
Wrights had been using. Wilbur ex-
plained after the mishap yesterday that
the reason the machine did not glide in
the accident last September, which re
sulted in the death of Lieutenant Self
ridge and the serious injury of Orville
Wright, was,' because the rear vertical
rudder was crippled and ruined the bal
ance of the machine, moving the. center
of balance forward and causing the
aeroplane to, pitch forward to the
ground. : .
The officers of the signal corps
of the army are considering the
feasibility of issuing proposals for
bids for an aeroplaae capable of.
fulfilling more difficult requirements
than those • which the Wright > ma
chine is under contract to accom
plish. Because A. JH. Herring has not
complied with his contract the signal
corps has $20,000 additional at its dis
posal for this purpose. It is conceded
that the Wrights, are able to mcct 5 all
the conditions imposed; upon them. '\u25a0' r
The new specifications will Tiot be
issued by the war department for some
time. . X~ -\u25a0; , .;_ * \u25a0; . \u0084. •
The Wright brothers hope to have
their machine prepared by the early
part of next week. . ..
Zeppelin I Resumes Voyage
BIBIERACH, Germany, July 3. — The
dirigible balloon Zeppelin I, which has
been detained near here for live days,
resumed its voyage to Jletz about mid
night.
PLOTTED TO TRAP
HER, CHARGES GIRL
Ella Gingles "Wanted for Man
in French Lick Springs"
CHICAGO, July 3.- — "I want you for a
man in French Lick Springs. lie will
give you lots of money." , V
Ella Gingles, the IS year old lace
maker, testified in Judge- Bretanc/s
court here today that the above remark
was. made to her -by 'Miss Agnes Bar
rette, proprietress of a lace store in
the AVcllington hotel at the time the
Gingles girl was found gagged and
bound in the bathroom of the: hotel
January 5.
"I was taken to a room by Miss
Barrette and Mrs. Kenyon," said the
girl, speaking of a visit prior to the
binding and gauging incident. "L<ater
a. man came into the room and I can
not tell what else happened. I only
know, a man- named : Charlie called up
the man in the room." -. S^^rS
Miss Gingles said on the stand that
the larceny charge against her was
part of the plot to drlvo her into going
to French Lick Springs. The relation
of this story visibly affected the wit
ness. . \u25a0 , ' \u25a0 ' .\u25a0;\u25a0/\u25a0
No attempt was made to bring: out
the identity of the i man'in Fjrench Lick
Springs who -vifcis supposed to be behind
all this plotting. . ,
BRADBURY SECURES BOND
AFTER NIGHT IN JAIL
Millionaire Persuades J. , C.
Dixon to Sign Once*. More
SAN RAFAEL, July, 3.— William B.
Bradbury, the Corte Madera^ million
aire, who was locked, up In thY county
jail here last night because J. C." Dixon
withdrew from his bond, 'persuaded
Dixon to take up his bond again' today
and was released from custody, this
evenine. -,^-ja|Mifa^jfe^^ig^gg>le^a@te#*
. Bradbury,' who is ? under, sentence .of
one year in Ran Qiientinfor perjury,
failed to notify. Dixon of, the sentence
yesterday, and when Dixon . learned of
the court's decision he became uneasy,
lest the millionaire 'should attempt to
escape.-: 1 ' • •-. • $vj'- ":--'-^' :: \u25a0 '-' \u25a0'\u25a0'\u25a0\u25a0' \u25a0 :,:-s--.~ ..-..-\u25a0
':- Bradbury spent, a restless- night in
,the rude' cell. He was'forced to sleep
on a small iron cot with . scant cover
ing, and did not remove, his clothing
nor; his famous diamond^pin. -This
morning he .- left the .coarse . prison
breakfast untasted,' but he made no
complaint. 1 .• - -. \u25a0 ''\u25a0';.. - >;\u25a0\u25a0 .• \u25a0/ ,
"He was visited by. his, wife .during
the. day. and, she secured .the services
of /Attorney ; James r v Keys. 'After-; a
lengthy conference. Dixon was induced
to take up the bond' of JIO.OOO in con
junction 'with:' Mrs./ Bradbtirj*. -
DIRECTOR FALLS^IOO FEET
W. B. Keeling Seriously Injured
in Well
TUCSON, Ariz!. Jnly. 3.-— W ., 8., Keel
ing, "director, of the magnetic observa
tory ; being built here, fell down a 100
foot "well this afternoon and; sustained
serious -in Juries. -He " ; came : here- from
Baldwin,", Karu. ''.'.-•'\u25a0'•/ ' '_>\-
TANGLE OF TIME
CAST SUSPICION
ON POOR NOVAK
Bohemian Laborer Stood Within
Shadow of Gallows When
Rescued by The Call
Innocent Man Might Have Suf =•
fered / Death Had Not This
Paper Caught Cunningham
Curiously coincident events that form
a tangled tale of tirria ma/ked the move r
rrients • of J. Novak, the Bohemian, at
first believed to be the murderer of
Carolina Brasch, and James Edward
Cunningham, the confessed slayer of
the young girl, during the hour imme
diately preceding, and following the
shootlng-'and seemed sosto enmesh the
laborer suspected in. the beginning that
he surely would have had to stand trial
for the murder had not Cunningham
been uncovered by The Call.
A tabulated record of, the two men's
movements shows clearly how it ( was
that Novak seemed to be, without
doubt, the murderer, and how Cunning
ham committed the crime at such a
moment that he was not suspected.
These dates refer to r the morning'
and afternoon of last Wednesday.
AT 11:30 A. M.
Novak appears' at| Cunning-ham, repulsed
Gray Brothers' office in [when he tries to set his
the Wells Fargo build-; wages, buys a pistol,
inp, - demand* his payjdeclding to ' kill Miss
and creates a disturb-JBraftC)
ance when told he must]
wait until July 18 for
it. He is given the
address of the Knox
collection agency and - "
Novak appears at| Cunningham buys ear.
Knox collection agency [tridses for the revolver
and presents Ms chesk he has purchased,
to Joseph O'Malley,
who finds Miss Brasch . - — ''
has left for lnnch and k
tells Kovak to return .. «. i
about 2 o'clock after he - . , ;
has had tbo ch^ck cer- #
AT 12 NOOM
Novak «oes into n| Cunningham, having
Clay street saloon, gets|made his purchases,
a glass- of beer and j goes back to his room
some free lunch. Reads |in the Hilton house and
a German paper. . jgoes out for lunch in
ja Third street restau
rant. .
„.' \u0084 . AT 1:15 P. M.
- Novak' is preparing to| Cunningham leaves the
leave ' ths saloon and [restaurant and walks
start back for the Knoxl toward the Wells Fargo
agency.^ .. , .(building.. .
r . \u25a0 ... AT- 1:20 P. M.
. O'Malleyi has - taken] Cunningham is pass-
Novak's check to Uissfing the Wells Fargo
Brasch. She discovers[b' uild in g, hesitating
that the board billjabout entering,
should be 65 cents more
than it is, telephones to
Harry Gray, and he
says to correct it. \
• Novak is on his way|
from .the saloon to) .-iV -.•'•^
Knox's . Of flco, , / J
. '• AT 1:25 P. M.
O'Halley, crossing; Cunningham is enter*
Market street on way | ing Wells Fargo build
to Ms office, notices | ing.
time* by ferry clock. j .
AT 1:30 T. M.
Novak and O'Malleyi Cunningham is de
eater Knox agency to-jmanding that Miss
gether and clerk tellsJßrasch pay him - all he
laborer of deduction injasks. She tells him to*
board bill. .Novak is'como back pay day. \u0084
angry. j
y AT' I:4ft P. M.
Novak accepts his) Cnnningham shoots
pay, minus the fee.] Hiss Brasch and es
from O'Malley and|capes.
leaves. |
Investigation of the crime brought
out thai some one,^thought, of course,
to be Novak/ had called about 1:25 and
been told that there was a dlscrepancy
of 65 cents in "the board bill. Harry
Gray told how Miss Brasch had phoned
of the matter. Miss May , Turnblad,
clerk In. Gray's office, said that she had
heard finatch.es' "of an altercation be
tween Miss Brasch and some workman.
O'Malley had brought the check to be
certified when the change In the board
bill had been made, and the altercation
a few moments later was with Cun
ningham,, but - there was no way. to
know .-this. It was at first believed
that Novak had shot the girl after hav
ing presented his; check at 1:25, but
O'Malley -testified that^ it was he who
appeared with the check. Then Harry
Gray decided that the shooting' must
have taken place between 1:45 and 2
o'clock.'and the police sought to show
that Novak could have rushed from the
Knox agency after having received his
money there and committed the murder.
\u25a0I Novak was arrested, and undoubtedly
would have' Ijeen charged with tho
crime ; had not Cunningham been un
earthed.
YOU KNOW
How You Suffer After Eacti
Meal from Stomach
Distress
But yon evidently don't know that sure
relief .is so handy or you certainly, would
not 'continue to ''suffer." ;Be wise in time
and ; take - a ' short] course of the ' famous
remedy," Hostetter'S; Stomach Bitters,
and see how quickly your ailments iwill
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WONDERFUL RECORD MADE IN SHORTHAND
WRITING BY GIRLS OF GALLAGHER
MARSH BUSINESS COLLEGE
3in. GALLAGHER AXD lIIS RECORD BREAKING CLASS
.Undaunted by the presence of Judge
George- H. ,Cabaniss of the superior
court and several hypercritical and
skeptical newspaper reporters, 11
young students of the Gallagher-Marsh
business college on Saturday afternoon
performed the remarkable feat of tak
ing down In shorthand a court record
dictated to them at the rate of 201
words a minute for four minutes. The
skill and training of these students can
only be appreciated when it ia remem
bered that the official test for a court
reporter in California Is 150 words a
minute. Furthermore, none of the stu
dents who displayed the ability seldom
seen in a courtroom ia more than 17
years of age, several being, only ~IZ
years old, and they are all girls.
' Convinced that his pupils could give
an exhibition which would eclipse the
record made by Ruth Olson, one of the
pupils, a yerfr ago. Robert F. Gallagher,
head of the business college, invited
Judge Cabaniss and representatives of
the press to the 'graduation exercises
of the business cortege on Saturday.
He expressed the greatest confidence
in the ability of tho 11 girls selected
to stand the test, and as a part of the
graduation exercises arranged the con
test..
Havingiconcluded a musical program
in the irfusic room of the well equipped
college building, at 1256 Market street,
the young ladles took their seats in
one of the classrooms and Judge Caba
niss and the "newspaper 'representatives
prepared to witness numerous cases of
stage fright when Mr. Gallagher at
tempted to have the class write over
the official test of 130 words a minute.
The record of the Seth Scfitt arson
case, tried in kludge Cabaniss' court a
couple of months ago, was selected.
None of the pupils had ever seen the
record nor was any one of them fa
miliar with the case. The instructor
dictated at the rate of 163 words a
minute from the testimony. The dicta
tion finished, the young ladies left the
room and returned one by one and
read back from their notes, every one
making a perfect score. .
In the next test Gallagher raised the
rate to 189 words a minute, which was
written by the class and read back cor
rectly without hesitation by Miss
Jeanne Bernard. Miss Wilhelmine
Boock And Miss Anna Weber, the last
two girls being but 15 years of age.
In the fourth test Anna Weber and
Wilhelmine Boock, who were selected
to represent the class and save time in
the reading back, scored perfectly oo a
dictation of 20* words a minute, which
STATEMENT STATE3IEXT
OF TIIE CONDITIONS AND AFFAIRS OP THE OF THE CONDITIONS AND AFFAIRS- OS* THB
A !di™L F J* E COMMONWEALTH FIRE
OF DALLAS. IN THE STATE Of TEXAS. ' InSUTZUICe Company
on the 31st day of December, A. D. 1908. ami *r J
for the year ending cfi that d»y. Published 0F dALEAS. IX THE STATE OEJ TEXAS, on
pursuant to the prorlsions of Section 6JI of the 31st day of December. A. D. 1903. aad
tho Political Code and. compiled from the for. the- year ending oa that day. Published
annual statement filed wltu the Insurance pursuant to the provisions of Section flll of
Commissioner of the State of California. t {, e political Coda and coinpUed from tS»
* CAPITA f< annn.il utatement Sled wlta the Insurants
. . \u0084 , t . . . „ , Commissioner of the State, of California,
Amount of capital stock, paid up ia
cash $200,000.00 CAPITAL
iMPTo mm= "* \u25a0\u0084- Amonnt of capital itock. paid op la
ASSETS, mtntMM ca»n I ....5230.000.07
Real estate owned by company $10,000.00 «.»«i«,««
Loans on bonds and mortgage* .. . 396,149 45 »«<strro
Cash in company 1 * office 11.262.2H A33£.rs
Cash In banks... 23.T51.Jtt r^j M ute own*! by company $10,000.00
Interest due and accrued on mortgages 12.&92.3. Lo, as on mortg»c«». 333,304. 1S
Premiums in due coarse of collection. *0,602.a cash ia company's office 4 407. 4>
Due from other companies for relnsur- • c, sn i n banks..." 39.280. 1<»
ance on losses already paid. ........ S3S.S3 interest due and accrued on mortgages 12.934. *4
Mg£§S; ;—; — ; — ITT" Premiums ia due course of onUectlon. S4,OSD.< ; >
„ Total assets $485,197.57 BIU9 recelTable, not matured. taUea
t — «• f or jj ro an ,i marina ri5k5........ . 49.73
x y LIABILITIES Duo from other companies for re- '
Losses adjusted and unpaid $6,723.52 Insurance oa losses already paid.. Bl&.M
Losses in process of adjustment or In -_.A , ' , m ±i „„_ _.
suspense 4.K59.C3 Total assets $433.533.M
Losses resisted, including expense*. . 6,050.00 —\u25a0»»\u25a0*
Gross promiums on lire risks running INABILITIES
one year or less. $154,323.55; rein- ' . .
snrance. 50 per cent 77,161.77 Losses lo^tfrocess of adjustment <?r ia
Gross premiums on firo risks running . suspense. .'. $14,163.13
more than one year, $122,304.60; Gross premiums on flro risks rnnnins
reinsurance, pro rata 63,524.63 one year or less, $159.3C2.97; retn- "
Taken from surplus and passed to re- surance, 5O per cent...: 79,831.43
serre to protect new term business. 10,000.00 Gross premiums oa flre risks runninsr
ReserTe for taxes and expenses 6,300.00 more than one year, $116,621.96;
Beserre for contingencies 10,000.00 reinsurance pro rat» 67.0C9.5S
- — Rwerre for contingencies 6,000.00
Total liabilities.... $m.604.30 All other liabilities 500.00
. INCOMB Total liabilities $166,379 20
Net ea«h . actually receWed for flre ; J~»,«L, — «»=.
premiums $154.714.73 INCOMB
ReceUed for Interest on mortgages.. 25.53 C.14 xx e t cash actually receded for flre
EeceUed from interest and dividends premiums $207.384.1.1
on bonds, stocks, loans and from RecelTed for Interest on mortgages.. 30,334.35 '
-all other sources , 472.77 , '
Income from all other sources 2,143.19 Total lnccm?.. $237,733.30
Total inc0me....... EXPEXDITCRES
EXPENDITURES Jfet amonnt paid for fire losses (ln-
k ia *«* « r . imm, rin * eluding $U. 051.53, losses of preTf-
••••••• >!;' VnmmlWfon ' or a>b38 * rf> Paid for salaries, fees, and other
Paid or allowed for commission or " charges for bffleers. clerks, etc.. .. 17 236 SI
Pa D ld ol£ 7or B %ai«!V,:"f;e,".nd"oth« P." *« «ate. national and local M
P« f sT.^n.Vioni7 k .nd et to A^her-p.y o ;nt,-,nd expend^ ,^;g
AU* otiier' payments* and " ekpVndYturei lS.Koils Total ejpendltores .$213,373.2*
. Total expenditures ..$221,671.27 n re .
— = =.=«==. Losses Incurred dnrins the year $113,406.33
Fire '
T^se, incurred during the rtar $108.149.32 RISKS AXD PREMIUMS
~- RISKS AND PREMIUMS Fira Risks Premiums "
' — — T—r — — : Net amount of risks
Fire Risks Premiums written during the
Net •mount of risks year $13,423,702 $317,613.00
written during the «W- Jn ,* Net «m«>««t of risks .~*uu
.year ..----.--•-• *19.59.. i.. $302,340.30 , xp i re< i during the
Net amount of rl*ts yt9f , 13.302.174 •»•?> «na "\
expired during the .„ ' X.t^Emonnt In force "'~7™ **^9.-to
VeY amount in* "for.-4 20 - BS2 - 079 30 '-^ December 31, 1903, . 1g.652.04C S7S.tMM.93
December 31. 190S 17.073.74S 276.625.2t ALEX SAXGER, Vie» President. "
-"-: .VM'.'- GEO. W. JALONICK. President. J. B. ADOsE,. Secretary.
A. F. PILLET. Secretary. Subscribed and aworn to before me. this lOtb
Subscribed and sworn to before me this lOta day of February, 1909.
day of February. 1908.- DORA- MeMAHAN. - i DORA" MeMAHAN
_, . \u25a0 Notary. Public, \u25a0 DalUs County, - Texas. ; . Notary Public, Dallas County. Texas.
. / PACIFIC COAST DEPARTMBXT
407-0 Merchants'. KxcbanKe Batldlasr,
1 ' Ssii' Francisco, CTal«'-^ftfiMHBnMBB
JOH.V E. ASDEHSOS i. WALTER W. FCRST
\u25a0\u25a0 General Agent . .Special A seat
. . _ _ .. i --\u25a0"*"'\u25a0 :_;
rz , Weekly Gaily $1 per Year IZI
establishes the world's record for 13
year old stenographers.
The charge of Judge Cabaniss to tho
Jury in the Scott case was then dic
tated. The reading occupied 7 minute.-?
and 30 seconds at the rate of IG3 words?
a minute. The entire class took tho
dictation and read it back perfectly.
The final test of tho examination
cam<» after two hours* nervous tension
on the part of the girls and was tin*
remarkable feature. Gallagher read
the complaint, demurrer and answer
in a damage suit, comprising 803 words
and occupying four minutes in readlns.
All of the young ladles made perfect
scores and clearly demonstrated tho
fact that they are competent to occupy
the position of official stenographic re
porter In any of the California courts.
Judge Cabanlsa warmly congratulatr-.!
the girl 3on their remarkable ability
and paid a tribute to Mr. Gallagher.
The instructor, righteously proud of
the exhibition given by his pupl's.
modestly disclaimed too much credits
for -himself and attributed tho success. A
to the excellence of the system of ~
shorthand and the native ability of tho
pupils. He explained that the system
was revised and compiled by himself.
along practical lines, and that Its sim
plicity was demonstrated by the fact
that all of the H pupils had received
their training in the college in 1<)
months.
Gallagher himself holds the worlds
record for shorthand reporting, having
accomplished the feat of writing 2v'»
words on the blackboard with chalk in
a minute, which, stands a3 the recoril
today.
The examinations concluded, the visi
tors were shown through the colle^f.
which is extremely well equipped. Bc
shles the various classrooms and ofUca
rooms, arranged as in a modern busi
ness house, there is a unique feature,
the grillroom, where the students are
served luncheon every day at. a^-very
moderate rate.
The exercises were conclutled with
an informal musical prosram, several
of the young ladles displaying marked
musical ability In addi^on to their
scientific shorthand reporting.
The 11 graduates who participated in
the examination yesterday are:~Wilhel-'
THine Boock. 330 Brazil avenue: Jeanno
Bernard. 823 Turk street; Vera Shelley.
£63 Capp street; Winifred I>awcs. St.":)
Twenty-sixth street; Anna WeheT, 52 1
London street; Anita Kerner. 1340 Colo
street; Elizabeth Heffer&an. 570 Forty
flrst avenue; Josephine Miller, 370 Al
varado street: Florence Neumann, 4l<>
Twenty-second j avenue: Olive Ferry.
3856 Twenty-first street, and Florence
Phillips, 193 Elsie street. ' m

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