Newspaper Page Text
The San Francisco Sunday Call
DRESS ornaments are more beauti
ful than ever this year— and more
expensive. That Is why the prac
tical woman should greet this
page with enthusiasm, for here are sug
gestions for making your own at home.
Have you ever thought of the ease
•with which a piece of leather might be
stamped and cut with a sharp knife?
Dtld you ever use watercolor on satin
or velvet .*
The handmade ornament Is a wonder
ful trimming, and whether it be of
pyrographed velvet or cloth, of painted
satin or leather, the field is now open
to you. Make your own trimmings. Re
joice In the elegance of yokes, motifs,
bands that are astonishingly cheap and
It Is a surprise to many to learn that
pyrography may be applied to some of
the delicate materials used for gowns
or other garments. The delicate lines
and exquisite blending of colors often
cause this work to be called embroid
ery at the first glance.
The materials used are velvet, -satin,
panne velvet, broadcloth and leather.
The best velvet for this work Is one
which has a stiff cotton back and - a
thick nap. White velvet may be used,
but the cream color gives the best ef
fect of the old Ivory tints. ■
The designs are made in floral or con
ventional style to fit any -required space.
The color is painted in to match the gar
ment or to form a pleasing contrast.
This is one of the best points In'this
work, because It is often Impossible to
buy trimmings -with the exact combina
tion of colors, or those that will fit the
Velvet passementerie combines well
with almost any color or mate
rial. The broadcloth trimming is most
effective on tailored suits of silk or
cloth. The floral designs ln panne
velvet are for light silks, chiffons,
laces, nets, etc., used in evening or
afternoon gowns. The designs for the
floral decorations are taken from
nature or made in conventional form.
The skirt may have the flowers In
festoons or wreaths, with loose petals
apparently falling from the blossoms.
All twining flowers, such as roses,
sweet peas, wistaria, etc., are more
graceful for these designs. Passemen
terie la bands may be made to match
any of this work.
The trimming is lightly tacked on
the garment, or may be stitched i on by
machine, or French knots may be used.
FLOWER STENCILS FOR SMALL SPACES
FREQUENTLY, there Is opportu
nity; for using little stencils for
small spaces on cushions, boxes,
drapery, book covers and so on,
and usually the bought patterns are
of large dimensions. Here are offered,
therefore, a little group of designs
that are extremely effective when
used as repeats, and are undeniably
easily cut: out from the regulation
stencil board at 5 cents a sheet. V...:',"
Suppose that stencil board is not. to
be obtained:near your home. Well,
ordinary cardboard treated to a lin
seed oil wash will serve the purpose..
Now you are ready for the work.
Trace the design.that; you : select on
the surface !of the ; stencil - board •by
using carbon paper -inserted* between
this sheet and; the' board. A bard,
sharp pencil will ' transfer the outline
.If you have not carbon paper, trace
the design through wax paper* and
then " turn ; the : drawing; over [and; re
trace the sketch. A faint" impression
will be left, over":which you can make
Ink lines or lead pencil lines to guide
you In the cutting.
WORK for the WOMANLY BRAIN and HAND
This work requires careful handling
from the very start. The material
is held smoothly and firmly on a draw
ing board by thumbtacks. The de
signs. If original, are perforated over
several thicknesses of blotting paper.
The stamping is done with colored
powder. It Is best to tack the designs
on the material, as they are liable
to slip and thus give a blurred look.
If certain shades of powder cannot be
found in shops, take a crayon of the
desired color and rub ' to a powder on
sandpaper. For general stamping a
bluish gray for.light materials and
white powder for dark usually an
swers. A good face or tooth powder
will do for a white powder, as very
little is used. The patterns may be
transferred with carbon paper, but
stamping is much quicker and neater.
It is best to experiment with »the
pyrography needle on odd pieces of
material, In; order to get accustomed
to regulating the pumping of the
benzine fume-. The finest of the
.etching is done with the needle point
nearly cool. Use a ' smaller amount
of benzine than for wood burning.
"Jin a. snarp penanue.cut out the
design, placing the .* board over a
wooden table or : stand. When ready,
apply , color through the openings
with a stiff brush, using stencil dyes,
or oil paint mixed with turpentine.; -■•
The nasturtium ;; should \be ; painted
with , yellows• or ' red, "*,! Its stems' a , deli
cate green. You —a^lll i. notice how,; a
square outline la suggested by the "stem.
This motif can; be , repeated at regular
intervals on curtains, cushions or table
runners, and * the stencil design - is' ef
fective .„ on ! muslin or ! velvet,";, silk jor
lawn. .Just' as a' suggestion— < does
a ; border, of ".these . flowers on ; an un
bleached muslin curtain appeal to you?
The : conventional rose "' form > can«, be
painted In one* color or In two tones of
one color. It is always 'effective,!" and
can »be dashed on material \, with great
ease and in little time.; ". , -
"When painting the ? bunch of -wistaria
MADE AT HOME
The finest lines, such as the veln
lngs of the * blossoms, are ; not even
scorched, but . are Just silvery lines
made by the needle when the heat is
blossoms use a pale green, for the stem
and slender . leaves and ; lavender for
the flowers. This design on white mus
lin is paxticulariy beautiful,giving a
shadowy effect, as if seen through the
curtains. A"■ bureau set to match - the
drapery!in the green room Is an excel
I The daisy form. is, always good -on
colored goods. Gray linen or brown silk,
with white and -yellow' flowers stenciled
at regular spaces. Is i attractive. Pil
lows, curtains, centerpieces or linen cov
ers for : books, magazines, etc, ' are but
a few of the Ideas "that this design
With paint, brushes and an apprecia-
Won of the decorative > value of '- stencil
work, every home j should glory in'! the
touch ! that iis Inexpensive, 1 but . that
counts for. much ln the general effect.
CLOTHES packed away during ', sum
•! mer are often very creased. ;. To re
r ," move . the creases ; hang the articles
on a clothesline *** in. the 'i bathroom, shut
door and .window,- turn lon the hot-water
tap to All the room with steam"and leave
the clothes ; for an ■ hour or « two. After
ward dry in the open air if possible.
nearly gone. The needle or platinum
point used Is the same as the point
commonly used in wood burning. The
sharp '"■ point has a slight upward
DO NOT a brass kettle for cook
. ing until it is thoroughly cleaned
with salt and vinegar.
. To clean ( rusty and blackened . knives,
use half a raw potato dipped ■in brick
dust. »' "'■•- *■" ''^ar^StW^St&W"' '
To take cut dye stains from the hands,
: use cornmeal, pumice : stone * ; or ,v fine
•and, or • a*. little ■ chloride of lime In
water. ~ i Many r stains can 'be , removed
with \ vinegar or,lemon Juice.
Tumblers which have! contained milk
should first be * rinsed in cold water > be
fore washing in hot water.
Graniteware should not be left to dry
over a hot; fire, *■- as > the heat !ln expand
ing may cause the; outside -to scale.
When material is being dyed it should
be stirred well.'This allows the dye to
penetrate to all parts alike, thus produc
ing an even shade. ;..;.;»'-
- Never put meat . directly •on the :. ice.
but always on a plate, as direct contact
with the Ice will destroy its flavor.
Fish, lemons, and cheese, or any
strongly; flavored* food, should not be
placed lin < the I same I compartment with
milk and butter. *
Mold can be kept from ■* the -, top ;of
curve and the sides are slightly flat
tened. For ordinary work this needle
answers all purposes.
>'l Burn the [outlines' first, and those to
be cut out burn deeper, but not through
the '" material. In etching velvet or
panne velvet, t only the, nap is burned.
The color is then added, * care being
taken to prevent adjoining . colors' from
running. To do this add little water kto
the watercolor paint and let: one . color
partially dry ■ before applying another.
To '! get *•*: Persian effect -paint. in - wavy
lines or dashes, at intervals, • a delicate
pink; then > before that Is "dry, add' pale
lavender at . Intervals: on : the ': uncolored
surface. ■', The remaining; parts not ;' col
ored are then done in a pale green. The
colors-blur enough to give an odd and
For. a pale pink use crimson lake with
quite a little water. c Lavender Is a com-;
bination of - crimson -. lake and new or
Prussian blue." The 'best) green' for this
work Is sap green, which combs in small
china pans.',"*. The beauty of j all coloring
lies In the manner of applying the paint
so that the luster of the material* Is not
made" dull. V This applies' more to the
panne velvet and satin.
In cutting >, out this work 'i use' small.
preserves by putting a, few drops of
glycerin around the edges' of the Jar be
fore screwing on the cover.
Fish to be '-: k^pt fresh should be
sprinkled ; with salt and * put ; in a cold
place. .".■' «*,, • • • *;.
Perspiration stains nan be removed by
rubbing; with soap and laying the gar
ment in the hot sun. BHBBnSH
, To remove . tea and coffee stains,
stretch .-■ the - stained * place. over a - bowl
and pour .boiling water ' through- the
To take . out j grass **■ stains, wash the
stained part in alcohol and rinse In clear
water, if possible while the stain Is
fresh. . .
To remove mildew, 5 rub over the marks
with the juice of a raw tomato, sprinkle
with salt and lay in the sun. Repeat the
process If necessary two or three times.
To remove'blood ' stains, . saturate with
kerosene oil and let stand a few mo
ments, then wash in cold water. *
To bleach * white *.. garments, use one
tablespoon ?of '*■ borax *=, in f one • gallon of
water..- Wet • the; clothes, dry, in the i sun
and repeat the process if necessary.
Lamp , chimneys rubbed with salt after
washing have a surprising brilliancy. *
sharp scissors and cut in the center of
the groove formed by the burning. The
out work on cloth or leather brings out
the design by -cutting out the spaces of:
the background. The design is stamped
OUR FRENCH CIRCLE
TO ALL readers the. opportunity is now given to learn a foreign language.
Under the competent instruction of Madame Godard, of Paris, and for
years a successful instructor in America, you can learn In the easiest
manner a language that combines a practical value with a,cultural worth
surely two factors that are rarely offered free. *».!'.
Step by step, along the delightful way of an intellectual recreation, you
will be led.** The well-planned* lessons each* week are short, to the point, and
so arranged that necessary review is combined with Interesting introductions
of the new. BHSBSSBS! HPHHHHBPHBBBp
Madame. Godard suggests that each-word and each phrase be pronounced
and written seven times. In that way the French should be retained easily and
progress will be made; without tiresome mental strain. Each lesson is short
and should be mastered by you with little effort You will notice that the mind
-Is not burdened .with Isolated' words waiting for the mystic chain of sentence
formation. Right away you are. taught sensible phrases and short sentences
that are of practical value in everyday lite.
Just.one word more. Cut out these lessons and keep them as links In a
chain. Paste them In, a book, so that if you wish to review, "the; material Is
ready for you. ifIBBBtiMR9RBfIHI
"No fees, no textbooks, no Journey! Study French at your home in comfort!
. Chances like this do not often fall to your lot. Very well! And Just becausa
you and Madame Godard are meeting for tho first time,' she will greet you
and you will answer. HMHhMBnMHiHiBHHsIMMH
PREMIERE LECON (FIRST LESSON)
* The French language is characterized .by a ; peculiar nasal- Intonation in
certain words. For instance, "bon" Is:pronounced not exactly like "bong" nor
exactly like "bonk," but halfway.between the two. The sound is stifled at the
back part of the throat, and the result li the nasal niil'*MßMMlW>s*iliillw4tlil|yffl
• Another characteristic of French Is,the.union of the last consonant of one
word with the first vowel or "h" mute of the following. There Is a running
together in conversation that • frequently confuses the', listener ; who does ■ not
know of this. ;; However, practice is all that is necessary In order to acquire a
skill and ease in speaking and.understanding....,;. ...... ■*"
A third characteristic is the lack of accent,* as we understand It; all sylla
bles being equally stressed. * - - ,
Frencn. Pronunciation. ■* English.
Bon jour. / Bong zhoor. Good day.
Bon jour, madame. : . Bong zhoor, mad-dam. Good day, Mrs. ■', (or
Bon jour, monsieur. ,Bong zhoor, mseu. - ( Good day, Mr. (or sir),
Bon jour,' mademoiselle. Bong zhoor, mad-mwah- Good day, Miss (or
Comment allez vous? C6m-mong.al-lay.voo? How do you do? •,',
aller al-lay to go
je vais zheh vay I go
il va eel yah he goes
elle va el yah she goes
vous allez voo zal-lay you go ' »
Ou allez vou3, madame ? Oo" al-lay voo, mad- . Where are you going,
i :•,:'. dam?,- . - Mrs. (or madam)!
Je vais a Philadelphie. Zheh vayzah Phila
Ou allez vous, monsieur I * , '■
Je vais a Paris. !^ ;
Ou allez vous, mademoiselle? ' •
, Je vais a l'eglise.
.-_;■ Allez vous -a la-maison?
non nong no
merci mehr-see thanks
comment , coin-mong how
••maison mai-zong \ house
eglise;; . a-gleeze -church
va « v*h;' go (third person)
bon bong good
bien bee-ang well; !
jnur zhoor u»v
tres tray very
madame mad-dam Mrs.
monsieur mseu Mr.
mademoiselle mad-mwah-zel Miss
allez al-lay *•
vous voo you
je zheh I
il eel . he
elle el she
le journal . leh zhoor-nal the" newspaper
' :.'l a da maison ah lah mai-zong '/ to* the house
** The articles le and la we will explain about fully next lesson.
on the " wrong side of ■; the material,. if
possible, and is cut out on the dotted
lines. This may be done in the gar
ment or be made separately to be
stitched on. An evening coat of i any
shade is "pretty with a design cut around
the flat collar, down the fronts and
around both cuffs, with a . contrasting
shade of panne velvet forming a back
ground. The designs may -also be out
lined with a burn-ed line, which is filled
In with gold paint. Cut leather gives a
richness -to garments, : and is more ef
fective when the unfinished side Is used.
Leather takes the watercolor paint very,
well. The addition of sequins gives an
effective touch to the leather trimming.
White or cream embroidered chiffon
passementerie, bought In the shops, may
be colored to match garments or to glvs
a pleasing combination by the. use .of
watercolor paints, with Just water
enough to make the color delicate^ Laces
may :be done in ! this way, and wi*s»
careful handling will launder. Top -col
lars and cuffs of embroidered lawns are
very dainty when tinted. "When well
done the tinted work looks like em
broidery in colors.
Any woman ought to be able, to make
dress ornaments that will be attractive
and beautiful. Try this work « you
doubt the fact.
FLORENCE HOIiADAT BARBER.