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Expert Aviators Meet Mishaps in Facing Treacherous Currents
BY FIERCE WINDS
Second Day o! Meet Brings Four
Accidents to Daring Flock
A day that brought four accidents to
M expert a flock of birdmen as are now
contending; at .the aviation field here is
»n unusual one in the annals of aero
nautics, and the atmosphere "with holes
in it" that resulted in the. accidents,
met with the hearty condemnation of
the aviators. ■
According: to "Willard's explanation
the wind sucked down into the low, long
hollows, and formed courses of swift
Ruction that threatened to ' pull the i
M Aeroplanes to earth, and made it so
necessary that many land.
Parmalee said there was a steady drift
of wind higher up, which' was free
from whirlwinds and air holes, but near
the earth there was treachery, and the
really ticklish part of yesterday's fly-
Ing was getting more than two or three
hundred feet above the ground.
JKTFFETED BY WINDS
From th« time the .planes left the
•arth they were buffeted by side cur
rent*, born* down upon by"*wift sweeps
pt wind, and sucked into the hollows by
fclrla,nes. Latham got up In his Antoin
ette, w^s pulled Into a hollow, managed
i© lift himself above the next hill, and
then mixed things with an Inopportune
fence, after as pretty a fight with the
Contrary elements as has been seen on
'Ridley brought out his Bleriot, con
sidered a while, and led it back into the
hangar. Later he got Into the air, but
he was battered- down toward the
• earth, his engine began ■ missing, and
lie came to the ground.
Ely rose nicely in his Pur Us* racer.
was twisted a bit, a stand pipe came
loose, mixed In with the propeller, there
was a. crash, and he* came down tosend
In for a new pipe and a new propeller.
Willard rose in his Curtiss, turned in
m. cranky whirl of wind; and, after limp-
Ins: around the course barely above
ground, and unable to get higher, came
down to find that his tailpiece was bro
ken in half.
LATHAM BOR>E DOWN -
Aviators who know never attempt to
Btart with the wind-unless conditions
make It Imperative that they should do
/*«. Latham was compelled to start with
i tie wind a* his back, and-as "a~ result
( the mishap to his graceful'mono
plane. '"" -; ' ' '
"I could not start against wind,"
the Frenchman said, "because my ma
chine takes a longer strip of ground to
start on than any of the" others, 1 and
that necersary- level strip, facing the
■way the wind was coniing, I could not
find. When I left the-level space be
. fore the grandstand th« wind"rushlnc
into the hollow bore me "down with it,
and then I could not "cleaivthe fence.
Tomorrow i will fly. for then all re
pairs will he finish- ,'■• -
The Antoinette ..broke ( off. a wins:
#irnce,,broU'' the tail piece_ and snapped
a wire or two. The fence suffered se
verely also. ".' ,'_'.'., '-. ' .' .'
ELY'SGRACEFUL FLIGHTS! ■ -
Kly nm«fe «i '%lean^arj<3- light landing 1
when Mb,,'nccldfnt- . occurred .^Fortu
nately he v/ay not Migh.whfn the'pro
peller snapped.- 'With « n>T- propeller
Installed,.his machine-was : a«; good rs
ever, and during the afternoon hf- in<ide
two very -graceful- flights, ■swooping;
down' upon the military in mimic
attack a:id planlnp around'the. ■'ourioft
ns an aeroplane of war, bent- on de
stroyinß the «avaj?o soldiers beneath. j
Iladlry wan influenced in his*first.re
tirement- larsreJy - by-the ' mlßhap" to
Latham. ' ■ ' ■ '' ■■' " ■ ''■'■ ■''-,'■ :.-'-.:
" My little nierlot' ls:but,one;t!iird-a,a'
hravy as hl.i Antoinette,"" the Kn^li^h
man paid, "and think 'what would h«p
pen to it then,iri this "obntVary wind,
When the wind dies down a' hit I will
fly." . / ,_■ ..-.- . .■ ■ - „,
I-U!> ,IX, A' SWAMP
But when.he attemp.tecT.t'ienisht hi?
engrfne-put in » negative -and the Ble
riot came Inslorlously down ■ %-<j(^lece
of swamp land and",was trtinc. jBNi >nic
like a wheelbarrow/ •• >l v T^\ ' """
- Parmalee, In his .tVright,'.was the first
/av.'ator to get,'lnto! the aJr/arid'he* was
/ watched; critically, by ■: his f«-ii".- blrd-
I men v.-hlle the air pitched and shook his
\ aircraft.*. But he undaunted 'aerlalUt
clung to his wheel and", swung around
ths s!:y • in happy I circles.,-' He* made! sev
eral flights'- during -the: afternoon, aJI ]
good !.■•■-. 1,1 response toUhe-grum-1
Flight Is Historic
Golden Gate Epoch
T|y^.4.\ V ships have passed
JtM. through the Golden gate in
a hundred years, but never un
til Saturday last did one come
sailing in the air between those hos
pitable portals which have seen the
innumerable procession of Spanish
galleons, clippzr ships, great mer
chantmen, Pacific liners and battle
It is a long da]) since the coming
of the little Spanish ship San Carlos,
in 1775— the first adventurer in
these waters which Portola had dis
covered a half dozen years before.
For more than half a century there
after the Golden gale was little
troubled by invading keels, and it
was not until 1849 that the harbor
took on the aspect of life.
History records the arrival of the
first steamship on the coast of Cal
ifornia in February, 1849. That
Was the steamship Panama, char
tered to ply between San Francisco
and the isthmus. The same year
saw a thousand ships sail through
the Golden gate, the precursors of
the splendid fleet of war and com-
bles of the other aviators he only
'•This weather is all Wrigiit, it seems
WILL AN AIRMAN
Prize of (SI,OOO. Offered: fur
'Flight From Ttiiiforair :
'. 'to Tainnlpais' - '" ,:
[Special Dispatch to The Cell] ■
MTT,T, VAU.KY. ,I;.n. -From Tan
foran over ; the/, city ,of v San Francisco
arid-J'the Golden- gate to the .: rugged
peak of Mount .TamalpaisßVla tors.. will
fly this if the $l,!i"rt challenge of
fered. ])' President C. K. Huryon Of the;
Mill Valley- and "A.Mount* : Tamalpals ■
fcenlc' railway is "accepted by the' in
trep'ldjbirilsnen. 1* The.* conditions of the, ;
flight are. few." "Tire-first 1 aviator who I
'makes; a continuous -flight from s'the. j
aviation field at Tanforan to the top of:
Mount ; Tamnlpais ?nd linds anywhere
within; 1,000 = feet of the tavern wIU he
rewarded with a prize of $1,000. * All
that Runyan iasks is that he he given i
4S hours'. notice to prepare fur the re-1
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL. MONDAY, JANUARY 9, 1911.
TWO VIEWS OF CHARLES F. WILLARD MAKING SUCCESSFUL LANDINGS IN CURTISS BIPLANE.
mercc that now plows these peaceful
On Saturday came the firat air
craft through these same historic
gates, and who shall presume to sap
. that this daring feat Was not the
forerunner of thousands, inspired
by like purpose, until the spectacle
of the man aloft and flying will
become as little matter of note as
the sailing of the everyday merchant
►♦♦ <►-»■■»♦ *•• * r « » ♦ ♦♦V«»m»»»^
. cept lon of the ' first sky .navigator Who
i desires to- attempt the feat. ■ ■ ■';
:..'Under favorable atmospheric.'condi
tions- the;-task- is not too -'great jor
■hazardous for »the' blrdinen. to" accom
plish.; B*Ve the' difficulty of alighting
■ on the r«.-khound crest of tin- mountain
1 it wUI. r«<|iilre little'more; nerve or en
! (lTiran<« th«n did dip sjsectartjlar.fllghts
of James 'Rartleyrand:'Hub*Tt 'Latham
yesterda-y. '', thJim'B ',thTllllng:*rtrlp
•lip ('Hit house and !seal'"rocks and
through the Golden gaterln.-his-beau
tif#i monoplane"Afiro!nette.'\vould war
rant him' in 4 s?Pking thf prire on-the
; fop of -Tamalpals. : .Jlp.Vs trip In the
I sturdy.; around (Joat island and
.above -; tn'.',deck«- of the -ferry -boats
proved that he could cover the 'distance
to the tavern with 'easel of--.an
eagle. • ■'.-•';.: '• - ' .:-,-, .', ;,.::.. ,'"
■• Nor should the dangers encircling the
■ landing.spot on the mountain.deter'the
i airmen".* Eugene'; Ely. who won: the gov
i ernmentiprize for landing with his air
craft .-on'--th* deck of .a .battleship,
I should find ample Spare near the tav
ern ito resti his -wings .after - the• ling
] flight.'.'^ According to Runyonthere Is a
; bare spot near the -"tavern of nearly
, 1,000 : fe*-t- where the aeroplanes-might
land, with Isa'fety.; '"".'.\: ".,'■ •;■'', : ,'■; ■■■ •
WKt) Runyon ; the offer is purely a
business proposition.*-. He realizes,what
an attraction the contests between avi
ators ' to; win the ; priie would be. not
.only, to | people! of Marl county, but :.to
thousands ; of ? others, around > the ;ibay.
That is why he asks for 48 hours* no
tice. The railway company; will;* run
special boats and trains and the slopes
TO GET A START
One Machine Goes Into Gully
While Another Is Found
I New Altitude Rf cord
Made lor Attendance
By F. E. SCOTFORD,
' President Avlntlon Committee.'.'
After nil, the i run si was the
rrnl kuoyv. . :
| The mnryelon* fly Eos in the fare
of -bail wind condition!* wan «ee
Think of — 110,000 Ytimaijs In
one orderly mill -
We vi err prepared for • 7.1.000.
Till- vs«( RntherlnK taxed every
resource' ivlilrh could be hrouzht
lit boar, 'derm Curti'msnyiu "It
«as the: greatest audience that
ever nt tended nn aviation ' meet."
Hoy Knabennhue s«nj!»« "Yon
linvr 'iipilc .1 nc:\ altitude record
Radle.v nnyn: "I nf. or r.nw anj"
ihliiK like l(."
, Latham rommentM: "Sun Friin
<•lf.ro Is, beyond question' the
world'w ■ greotesit »hon. town."
.' Every n>-latorwho »v«-nt np to
day took hi* life In his : hands.
The wind itim frenky. There
were thrill* In plenty In Ilium'
hi» knen.' Tliesprctnealnreventu
niu*l await bettor wind condi
tion*. ' Monday should fnrnUh
plenty of excitement. -'
Dangerous Wind Delays
:j;,., Military Experiments
By LIEUTENANT PAUL W.
:" BECK, U. S. A.
Danßcr'lurked In ; every wind
puff SHfrldKo field yr«tfrdiij-.
The • result - *pellrfl - delay ; for Hip
military experiment*. Tlierr can
he no bomb dropping experiment*
or wlrelwm exnprln:enti« when mi
alor* niiiKt utrnln en rv 111 tie <•>
l»rev«*nt icnprlr,lns. I" ■ crow nud
contrarj- mlikln. , :
i Rnc^lry and . Latham , Imd ', iliclit
lUfldriitr. «hl"h vvnulil hm o been
iirvrrr had Ilione men hern Iran
expert an mnnlilrds. ; l»ut they Mill
be readr for flj Ins: today.;;. ';. "
• The' experiment* ; will • proceed
/■ipi nn Kixm am r wind conditions
will permit. .
and rldfre ot the old mountain will be
'thronged TvUh",a' gay .army" df! sight
seers Jf;the offer aeceptc •: : ; ;
Aside' from the ■welcome.of enthusi
astic thf>Ußands,'and 'the 1 honor'of "being
! the first to scale, Hie summit' 1 by '*■ the
alrUnVithe" winning aviator v.lll be the
Buest.'of honor, at a reception,"and ban
quet when the 51.000 prize is presented
to 'him. . >;.'■ ,_*■■'
Why Beachey Is Gloomy-"
--* .There is :*}ne k'.PPTJ' man ;it the'ayia
tlon* H 'M, Mind his , name Is** Lincoln
I BeachcyT He la ? In! tlie ' Ourtiss" camp,
'and his ploom i?: cause?! by the record
of the'machine he. will rld« Into air
(lining tlir week. Beach c.v;.beKnn.;yeß-^
tp.rday^assembling •hiß ■ '"raft, wjiich :>.r
rivert Jfroml!Lcs» Angeles Saturday
,* .Tlwr.biplane^is-.nu-rbpr; 09," ..but', that
| has no' sisnifirancis to 1:^.1.^1. ■. what I
does eairre' liis skin to' cre^p^'i howfver.!
is.4.he;facl* that the mac'.iino, is f; 'com
bihation'. of tvvi. planes," that suffered
accident in the southlari«l. namely, aero
! planes' numbers 13 and 2£ TH« '.former^ j
I as. in well known. !s not,ln repute as a
numeral of Rood -omen.- ,The latter, as
may be computed.' is exactly doubl^the
former. ', ]';',-.', • . . .. .'. '...!_.;
L Therefore, Beachey's gloom. He figure
that his. craft bears the very title and
. essence Jof ill iu<"k, and that "doubled.
Wherefore it la triply cursed by unkind
fate, v ■'> t i . - /■■-. -: - - ■•-. ■• "■■■',': .-'.
— r •—.
' Nearly two-thirds of 'the prime In |
! London is ' perpetrated,botwoen,- 2 p. m. j
: on Saturdays and S a. m. on' Mondays.
,"A" pluch of horax stirred into fresh
milk 'will keep* It for some' time ; and
also prevent the: cream/turning sour. ■
' Herrings form theßreat^W harvest of
the ocean, More herrings are eaten
than any other; fish.
Program for Today
New Stunts in Air
♦ NOVICE EVENTS AND CASH PRIZES
♦ 10 to 12 a. m. Daily
♦ Half mile straight—sl,ooo > divided into as many cqualpriezs as there
tare aviators who fly successfully. -_■--- -. .
♦ •Two and :a half kilometers, circular— divided into as many
♦equal, prizes as there are aviators who fly successfully.
? . Speed—Five kilometers. • First' $250. second $125,. third $75.
I Height—First $250, second. $125. third $75. . :
♦ Duration—First $250, second .'sl2s, third $75. .. : .
♦ --Distance—First $250, second : $125. third $75.
4 ;.Total.of meet to count.',. - • ■
♦ ,VV ; novice/is any aviator who has . never before this meet flown for;
. casii pfizi 'or cash guarantee in ; a power propelled by "heavier than
4 air: machine. . - '
♦ :• PROGRAM OF EVENTS
♦ - 1:30 p. m. to 5:00 p. m. * l/
--4* Music by Heller Band >;
x\\ Ladies' Day, Third Day of Meet J.
♦ 1. World records.
jj 2. Short start—Radlcy and Curtiss. - \
|'a 3. Passenger carrying—Latham,' Ely and Curtiss.
it 4. Accuracy in landing—Ely^and Brookins.
♦ 5. Wireless telephone receiving.^ - ,'Z"[
♦ 6. Daily speed .5 kilometers—Curtiss and Radley..
7. Daily altitude—Brookins, Parmalee, \\ illard and Radley. ■ ■
V . 8. Second test. in bomb dropping (500 to 1,000 feet; using real ex
♦ plosives)— Lieutenant Paul W. Beck and Latham. :
I ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦*♦♦♦♦ ♦-»-♦•»-♦♦-»-»♦♦-»-»-♦■»-»-♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦'»♦-»♦ ♦ ♦ ♦-»
100,000 INSIDE GATE;
VAST CROWD AROUND
Official of Meet Counts 2,412 Autos Unable
to Enter Besides Other Carriages
The *!*.■ of the crowd at, Tanforan
yesterday .will ■ never be known, for j
I there is no way of [mating the num- j
: ber of deadheads. The? higher points
about the field, notably the • railroad
i grades, were 'black, with people, who
would, break through several:. hundred
at a time whenever the mounted .-police I
[got out-of rang*, and the police, ctiuld j
hold "back !>i:t 'on* . point™ ;it a time-; Am'
inquisitive official of .the- meet counted i
2.412 automobiles outside the sates un
able to enter. And this number was [ex
; ceeded •' by. carriages from ■ all. over the
I countryside, which.stood:safe*and.free
along the county roads. ; '.-': ;; "• ;.
It-proved equally difficult for the of
ficials to estimate, 'the ticket ■ holders.
But,the seats in the grandstand, which
hold 15,000. were sold-out parly in the
day.. The 'overflow,' at general ,J admit-!
tance,. prices,' then "filled - several/, acres
jof '.sidelines. The entire- attendance i
| within- the- gates is put by "experts' at
. 100,049. " *■ v , " .:.;. %\\ , "../;
M \>\ H\U TO \\ AMy . ■, . ;
•At the Towns-end street'station- there
were'l4,ooo" return tickets sold \to , the
i field, while Superintendent Hibbs of 4 the
• United-Railroads- thinks 25.069 by trol
ley a light estimate.. But,the;cars,were
so filled that^thousands bad Co ' s walk,
while people came in vehicles from all "
I parts of the peninsula. Someil.'.OO autos
j entered: the grounds.;.'. * " "" '~'i£,
..Aviation is'tooyounpr'to have el- '
oped any decided -characteristics? of its
own. The outer igroundstresembled.'a ;
circusl^ or a county- fair. Inside, the
crowd had all the-color: of an : :inter
'collegiate.'°game,; but ..felt;; more like
general.^spectators : at , a-pfizp- tight."
. There was no contest in which they
could .take sides, yft they 'held; a "thrill
in • reserve.'! for 1 there.was a contest on
! between* the <■ aviator and \ death... How
evcr.Vthere ".were few opportunities to
use, the thrill. .-"Good ;'• nature stayed
> with .them ■to : the« end. And they had
g-ood need "f ft ' while trying to board
theio£.rs for home. ' /; .* ! ; .; ■■.-.'
Hucksters, some of A the from;, the
! Atlantic border, were, on, hand to .'meet
" the;-, early comers.- -It' had ""^ been an
nounced"- that- the.amateurs were to
show off In the forenoon, which served
its purpose in easing the <presß-:ot
; travel. s ; ; So "the hucksters did ra ■ lively
: .lunch, ; buslnesß.' .*,; '.- , '.'" " ',;'*' .",
Some ;of The basket merchants..'tried
to ;■ give an- aeronatuical ? turn to % their
' cries,;."such as the man who called.
"Air with every sandwich!', I.^An At
lantic ; touch* was evident in "Ice cream
I cones—give you ■ tongue ;■&'■? sleighride
for Ir7 nickel." • :<^3BBS^QsSPtt^jMKB|
Every variety of circus food from
"hot dogs" to "zeenut' was thrust at
the: faces, of the spectators until they
were too feeble to protest JpNHH&MB
- For the: amusement.-of the young
blades from .tip 1" "country?* '.'Alec* the
baseballs it ?, shots for 10, Twith are- 1
ward of .50 .cents If 'hit "square" on
I the head. * _* . ', - }l ' ■.'."..; ,- "■
ARMY MEX uMOU.\T.:GIiAiID
j.» So- time passed' until noon. when i.the
detachment enlivened things with
I guard mount. The amateurs-? followed,
putting' the ■ tolerajice, and' good;nature
1 ' of; the crowd to •a' graceful j test. The
i first - machine, ■ ;an 1- elaborate,-, many
winged affair, evolved." from -the In
-1 . venter's inner . consciousness, 1':; ran £on
its wheels,; but; not so fast 'that -the as
■ slsta'nis.coluU/not* trot* alongside.* But
the- trial of the next made the < women'
scream: 3 * ■■ \ •- r •' •. •.' •'. -.
J-TThe',)" laugh" that followed when the
novice 1 picked himself unhurt out of
the ditch his could not skim
[over, was due. to the release from ncr-
I vous tension. Tiiis was the best
thrill., with _;a-, happy";termination.-'-"'" *,
The crowd did ■ not- have another
laugh until: the soldiers, with«a- great
firing, of .blank' shots," repelled an
'.'aeroplane- attack." One of the inci
dents of the day. which happened dur
i ing; a lull in „ the \ program,. was given i
by an aviator that knew. 4 ij
'■'-. It was' -a.-- lone seagull that passed^-in
I front of the grandstand, rising,. with ;
a few lazy flo!» and soaring with tin- !
conscious art. The crowd : was - qutok
to catch on. and answered with a
: cheer. • The grill then reviewed ..the
grounds: at leisure. He appeared to be :
giving the hirdmen a lesson in v flying:
they could never hope even to approxi
mate. Yet " his thoughts * doubtless
were centered in the hope that some of
I the ; spectators had dropped >; a fish. -r-j
■': Th« hardest worked >', men-."oii~*, the
1 grounds were flic mounted police." *v. To
' drive the people from the rubberneck
! points outside the field would J have
f been illegal, and., to clear *■ away the
I knothole contingent^ would have been
I futile. But in sptte of all of the free
, ! points the • deadheads insisted on "hav
i Ing • the t field -to ] themselves, a privilege
. [ denied all except.officials} and f attend
| ants. V. —- ■ — •.--■■ " :
CROWD ' REFt TO ; DUE ;'. 'i
) r After Ijatham landed in a*;cpckleburr
patch; he' had to * call help 5 to, extricate
his machine from a small.mob.,* By the
1 time; this was I:scatteredt' another had j
I collected ",< about;, Kly's biplane, which !
,was J. in r*a', more Vhelpless ? state. •,-• They,
' were not ; content ;to ; watch. ' They J had
to , touch. Then, when one crowd had
been driven M to one side, the ; other
would 5 close in. _ ';;V'J,YV~ -'-•-■"■'•■ ■■■■'■
One Irate nonpayer with a pair of
small boys had the face to protest that
the policeman did not "own the earth."
IN HARD LUCK
Villa Unable to Start Lamburth"s
Craft and Myerhoffer Slides
I -..One". novice machine" seems to !iha(:e
I been eliminated from ■ the,amateur con
! test "'by'; yesterday's meet." -It li tho
monoplane of-C.-'E.-Lsmburth; ■ unique
■ craft-built with" a multiplane- tail at
tachment.' and superimposed stability
plane, . and .carry a;, large wins
surface. -After repeated trißls-between
I 12 and 1 o'clock the aviator, J. F. Villa,
came to the conclusion that the heavy
frame of the contrivance . was too
! weighty; for-the. online to' send into
| the air. The front .wheels only could
j be lifted from the ground, but the rear
structure clung to earth; ■ -../•-
Lamburth, inventor of, the; rr.achih?,
| held that Villa did not 1 thoroughly un
derstand it.'and there was" a hotarp:u :
I mentin hangar M'when th<v monoplane
j .was" finally, brought; back "after.' its un
successful;. performance. A, new pro
peller, having more pitch than the one
first" used, v.as put'on. but it grave no
better service, j Villa seemed,vindicated
in his -decision that the craft, which
weighs 1,100 pounds, was too much for
its engine.'.. •" , ._. ' '~:.C
■," The.- young aviator,.indeed.;.made .a
plucky Hght to bring his machine into
the air. and great credit was given hit
courage in attempting to fly an'areo
plane which had never been tried "out.
t Orver tfyerhoffer, ilie Sonoma county
birdnian, : tried ;in the morning to raise
his biplane, but the wind'driving him
from behind, fell-on him -and forced
I machine 5 down' a 1 hill and into: a ditch,
where it was badly wrecked. M;. or
hoffer's; accident was a hard bit of
luck,- for he- has made .flights in Ms
machine and will make ■ them again. ■
;.- Marshall ;. .Giselman and his two
friends; finished work "upon their aero
plane yesterday afternoon and will at
tempt to' fly this morning.:'-, Byv.-ei '.
brothers hope to have, the carbureter ol
their craft in working order today.
This was too much for the birdmen and
his maohanics, who in return told the
man of the various kinds of cheapness
for which they held him distinguished.
The police horsese \vcr>- in a lather
from their exertions.
• .The. meet broke up gradually, the
first leaving about A o'clock. Atthis".
sandwiches, were » cut to a .nickel "and
ice cold lenimos to v two for - 5.' One
huckster.; with a. freshly open ■! cast* of
zeenut tried to stem the. flaw, at tlie
gate, assuring all that the hi-; show
was yet to com?. But the people were
not to be checked. The; formed 2 'mass
along the car tracks, from which th«v
were» removed, .»a« layer at . a .load.- It
was : well past .dinner,-time before the
last i could start for home..
» Alkaline Water |
- Used .at ' meals \
■ : j pepsia and re-
■ 'Wzs!!p's Indigestion. "■' ' '
■; Rjj^gjsg|jJ H % Ask yonr Physician -- 1
1- — "- —,
Women's ? Health
■ may be; protected by keeping-the blood
■pure, 1 the stomach well, the, liver active
and the bowels ! regular,- by using :r •
la boxes, with i uli direction*, 10c & 25«