The San Francisco Sunday Call
HOW to BROADEN the SHOULDERS
A HARVARD professor recently
announced that men were grow
ing physically more effeminate
and women more masculine; and
he based this opinion on the eloping
of men's shoulders and the broadening
Surery non« of us would object to
even a charge of "masculinity" if w»
. could gaJn thereby toose much-to-be
deslred broad ehoulders. Still, those of
us to whom nature has not been so
kind In her apportionment need not
despair. Proper exercise, and plenty
of it, will grant to ua the longed-for
Eefore we can -develop the outer mus
cles, however, we must do what we can
•he inner, the Intercostal muscles
•which hold together the ribs and which,
with the breastbone and the spinal col
umn, make up the so-called chest cage.
an be done by strenuous deep
breathing, holding the sides, as shown
in the photograph, while taking the ex
ercise. A.l deep breathing, remember,
must be slow and must be through the
Now comes the work of building up
the pectoral muscles. The arm exer
ADVICE ON SOCIAL CUSTOMS
CORRECT MOURNING COSTUME
ALTHOUGH more and more the ex
treme adoption of mourning cos
tume is being discountenanced,
there are some who still take this means
of showing a respect for the memory of
the dead and of telling the world that
they have withdrawn from the social
life during! their sorrow.
Crepe is one of the materials used as
a symbol of mourning, and in this coun
try black is the color adhered to. Let
me urge my readers to a realization of
the fact that any extreme idea is al
ways an evidence of a lack of refine
ment. The woman who dresses In too
much crepe is making herself conspicu
ous—the very thing which mourning Is
Intended to obviate.
A band of -crepe is usually placed on
■ a plain veil, whidh is worn over the
face. The veil, should not be too long
.nor too thick, and the, band of crepe
should not be more than one Inch In
Gloves should be dull suede or glare
kid. and all accessories should be black.
. Handbags, purses, etc., should be in
conspicuous and undecorated1. Handker
chiefs with a very narrow border of
black are appropriate. Jewelry Is not.
I must here decry the glistening Jet
SOLUTIONS TO SOCIAL PROBLEMS
Drinking a Toast
T\ EAn Mrs. Adams.
I I Will you kindly tell me. In your
Will you kindly tell me in your
•*-' columns Juat how to eive and re
ceive a toast? Hnould one drink to on*'a
own health when a - friend proposes th«
toast, and which hand Is the proper one to
bold tha el3ss? ."_.
• What word* should be uaed'When Intro
ducing a man to a woman, and whose name
1. spoken first? ' ; ; AUGUSTA.,
When a toast Is proposed all guests
rise and touch glasses. The one for
whom the- toast Is given remains seated
end does not drink with the rest, The
glass Is held in the right hand.
The simplest and best method Is, "Mrs.
Jones, let me present^Mr. White."
To Convince Her
Dear Mr». .Adam*.* ...
Kindly advise me what step* ■ I should
take to convince a young lady of my love.
I have been calling upon her almost a year,
and know no jnore than beforo I met her. ■
Ehe has never ■. allowed me .to caress her
and refuses me a kiss. She asks when
'if call again, yet when I declare my lov«
ira laiiiinw^M i imi i Am imimiimtnmiiii^a*ViTTiiTiirhßiMimfWnßliUiii■frfißfiiTiiiwra
CONCERNING HEALTH and BEAUTY
cise is best for this—stretching the arms
out straight and brinityier them slowly
In to the chest. Practice some ten
times twice a day.
The deltoid muscle, on the outer side
of the upper arm. is considered by ex
perts the most beautiful feature in
woman. Its beauty may be enhanced
by the exercise shown—clenching the
fists and drawing the arms upward.
In exercises of this sort, pretend that
you are struggling against some oppos
ing force, to gain the proper result.
The neck musclei aid in the broad
that some women adopt in the mourn
ing period—Just because it is black,
I suppose. ,In the first place, it is at
tractive on account Of Its brightness;
in the second place, it is an unnecessary
ornamentation which is distinctly out of
A widow wears mourning costumes
trimmed with crepe for one year. After
this, crepe de chine, dull silk, cash
mere, serge, etc., are worn- An Intro
duction of white ruching or hemstitched
linen can be made. Alter two years col
ors can be resumed.
A married woman wears for her child,
sister, brother or parent the sa^me dress
that she wears in widowhood. The
white ruche in the bonnet, however, is
worn only in the case of the loss of a
For infants it is not necessary to wear
mourning at all, especially when there
are little children in the family. Simple
black, gray or Javender relieved by
white is the accepted style.
Mourning is not often worn for broth
ers-in-law, sisters-in-law, nor for a hus
A young woman does not wear crepe,
and white te frequently accepted for
mourning. Of course, all dresses must
be simple and there must be no Jewelry.
It is not good taste to put young chil
dren in mourning. Simple dress, as all
children should wear at all times, is
a!! that should be worn. No Jewelry
should be worn.'
During the mourning period a woman
phnuid'not attend formal affairs of any
kind. If one's sorrow is so deep that
crepft and black are worn, then surely
the theater, reception or dance is not a
fitting place for the mourner.
she do«s not believe me. My low* Is great
and will not allow me to be too hasty with
her when I speak.' for, fear I may lose her
friendship. /■--■■ . T. A. ;
The young- lady Is justified In object-
Ing to your caresses, for no Ynan, un
less he is engaged to a girl, has a right
to such privileges. If you are In a po-
Bit lon to make her your ■ wife j and at© !
sincerely in love with her,.why not pro
pose? If she knows you are in earnest,:
she will then have/ no reason to doubt
Introduced Him to Others
Dear Mm. Adams.
About a year ago " I met a young nan
who was not well acquainted with people
In his section of the city, so I Introduced
him to some of my girl friends.' He has
•never acted the same to me. < One. of the
«trls used to talk to him about me and he
admit* it. I think tho best thin* to do v.
to drop both of, them. _ '. I. JP. ,•
. If the young girl has spoken unkindly
and falsely about you, it would bo better
to drop the acquaintanceship. I do not
know what accusation you have against
M RS. HENRY SYMES
■houlder effect. For this try the cro»«
bar exercise, drawing yourself up and
hanging as long as your hands can
hold. Later you can try swinging on
the bar a'.eo.
Finally, you must develop the mus
cles of the upper part of the back.
Raising the arms above the head and
slowly bringing them down to the sides
will accomplish this. Bend fllghtly
backward to get the full effect.
Practice all these exercises faithfully
and watch your shoulders broaden.
the young man. but if you do not find
, him desirable, do not bother any more
about him. •
Introductions - ~.--' >
Dear Mrt, Adam*. I
' Will you kindly advise me as to the prop
er way for a girl to Introduce a young man
to her mother and father? IGNORANCE.
The proper form is, "Mother, let me
present Mr. So and So," and "Father,
this is Mr. So and So."
Did Not Go With Mother
Dear Mrs. Adams.
A short while ago I asked a young lady
to accompany me to an entertainment. ~ t?h»
said she was sorry, but she was going with
her mother. I went with two boy friends,
and I saw this young lady with two other .
girls, but could ■ not see her mother and
found out later that she was not there. .
On the way home a young couple passed us
and I recognized this lady and* another
young man. Since then I have always
avoided her. I think she.owes me an ex
planation, as we have always been good
friends. Am 1 correct? ...■ READER.
To clear the situation. I think the
young lady should offer an explanation.
Place Cards *".
Dear Mrs. Adams. - .
When using place cards at a dinner •to
friends Is It necessary for the hostess to
tell each guest where to sit or do th» guest*
find their places :by the cards?
\ A SUBSCRIBER.
'■Each truest Is supposed to find bis
own place by walking around the
table until he sees a card with bis '
.name on It.
Without a Chaperon
Pear Mrs. Adams. .'■
Is it Improper ' for 'a couple to attend a
theater without a chaperon* , 1,. W.
If the persons are of sensible and ma
ture age It is not necessary for them,
In have a chaperon. A girl's parents
arc able to tell whether she and her es
cort have reached that age. '
Style of Gown
Dear Mrs. Adams. - ' . \ ■
la it proper to wear a low-neck gown with
a long train to an afternoon brings party?
Mrs. W. J.-S. ; --.:'
The low-neck srown is ■' not considered '
fashionable for afternoon wear Just now. I
The. transparent; yoke and collar are
favored. The train Is In good style. ;
Extending Thanks *V?i
Pear Mrs. Adams. > '
What ' should a young ■ man • ear when
thanking a young woman for a Rift which
he prizes very highly? ■"awnvpii mm' iss r'9R
- When going into a church, who should .
precede, the man or the woman? • Should
a man remove bis bat in the vestibule, on
the stairs or In th« : cloakroom of th«
church? Where should be put It on again
when coming out* ■- -.->. -- ~.'u ■''■■,■
Is it proper for a young man to take a
girl's arm on a slippery street, I when aha
Carries a muff? When she has no muff,
the girl should take the man's arm, should '
she not? " y D. H. 8.
. A stereotyped . phrase! would lack per
sonality. Thank her in your own words, ■
which cannot fall to show appreciation.
A woman precedes her escort and fol
lows the ueher down the aisle. If there
Is no usher present the man should pre
cede and stand aside to let \ the woman
enter the pew. A man should remove
and don his hat in the vestibule of the
If it is not convenient for the girl to,,
take hold of the man's arm an excep
tion to the rule may be made.
Dear Mm. Adams.
Is It correct to use stationery that hM
flower* on the- Inside of the envelope, and
the pattern of it can be faintly seen from
the outside? > • -■"•■.
Which pare should be written on after
the front ua«e Is turned? Is It proper to
number paxes of a friendly letter?
Doesn't It snow lack of trust In a woman
If her I jrentleman friend signs an initial
Instead of his full, name T A READER.
Plain white or gray stationery is al
ways the best, but no objection can be
made to tinted paper if . the tones are
soft. '.-. , ." ..■•..»■■-■;. .. '
The second page, or In plainer words
the other side of the first page, so that
the letter may be read just as though
It were a book. It is proper and help
ful to number the pages. . : .
Not necessarily bo. It shows more a
lack of knowledge, for it is very im
proper to sign initials to notes and let
Does Not Keep Appointments
Dear Mrs. Adams.
I have been KOine with a young man and
I care a rreat deal for him. He acts as
though he cares for me when In my pres
ence, but claims I don't care for him. He
accuses me of Kolnjc out with other men,
and yet when he has an appointment with
me h» very seldom keep* It. What shall
1 do? A CONSTANT READER.
Tf I were in your place I should not
make engagements with a man who re
peatedly fail 3to keep them. If you are
not engaged to the young man there is
no reason why you should not accept
the attentions of others.
A Jealous Lover
Dear Mr*. Adams.
I am a girl 18 years of age. and have
been (coin* with a man 21 years of age for
two years. He seems to be very Jealous and
there U no occasion for him to be go. What
Is your advice? HESTER.
If his jealousy cause* you untiappd
ness and you cannot convince him that
there is no reason for its existence, it
would be better to .stop going with him.
Not Acquainted With Them
Dear Mrs. Adams.
When my girl friends have gentlemen
friends whom I have never met, would it
be proper for me to Invite them to accom
pany my girl friends to a card party?
If I ahould not meet them until their ar
rival at the party, should I just mention
their names when being introduced to them
or should I, as hostess, offer them my hand
and say I am glad to meet them?
M. E. M.
It would be better for your girl frienda
to arrange to toave you meet their men
friends before the date of the party, so
that there will not be any embarrass
ment when they come to your home. If
you meet them outside of your own
home you need not offer to shake hands,
but merely make a pleasant remark.
Does Not Care For Them
Dear Mrs. Adams. ■'• ■ r «,";. ■
I am a young girl and have had men
friends ask me to go to the theater. If
I do not care for them, would it bs proper I
to accept their invitations? . ' ,i
MART ELLEN. I
Under such conditions you should not
accept their Invitations. I One can never
enjoy one's self when la unpleasant
company, . ■ -..
Dear Mrs. A dame.
1. What' should a young man wear
when attending an informal evening
2.f Should h» leave his cards at the
S. If it is given In honor of several
young lady visitors, should he call on them
«. What kind of shoes should a young
man wear during a dancing lesson?
B. H. S.
1. A good-looking street suit.
2. Yes, one for each woman living
in the house at the time of the party
and one for every man.
8. A party call is obligatory.
i. Patent leather pumps or shoes.
Duties of the Host
Dear Mrs. Adams.
When a man gives a dinner at a res
taurant after the theater, should he en
gage a table beforehand and order the
menu? , DOUBTFUL,
A table should be secured at the
restaurant by the host In advance.
He should see the head waiter, give
him orders for any floral decoration!,
tell him the number of guests ex
pected and decide on the menu.
A Mother's Choice
Dear Mrs. Adams.
Kindly advise a perplexed mother. I
have a daughter of 17, who attends high
school, where she has become friendly
with a boy who is manly, well bred and
trustworthy. He comes to see raj dauwh
ter and I Ilks him as much as if if were
my son. It is my wish to see them man
and wife -when they have finished their
education, which will not be for a sum
her of years, for he la to take a long
When we were away this summer my
daughter met another young man, who
showed her great attention and who is
now corresponding with her. Shall I
permit my daughter to continue this cor
respondence and send him her photo
graph? ANXIOUS MOTHER.
While I heartily approve of mothers
choosing friends for their daughters,
I do not approve of their selecting
husbands for them. Your daughter is
very young and has not had an op
portunity to broaden her mind. Prob
ably when she and the high school
ANSWERS TO BEAUTY QUERIES
OWING to the great amount of mail
received r and the Nimited space
given this department, It is ab
solutely impossible 'to answer letters ) In '■■'■
the Sunday isfue following their receipt.
The letters : must be answered In ,turn,
and this ofttimes requires three or four
All correspondents who desire an im
mediate answer must Inclose a .self
addressed stamped envelope for a reply.
This rule must also Joe complied with In
regard to personal letters. -;'- ;
' '" ■"'< .'■ An Eyewash
Dear Mrs. Eymea . ".....".
Will you kindly publish the recipe for an'"
eyewash which may be used for making; the
eyes nNUljmt? How often should ft>be-,
applied? ,'■• '■■:;" —:.■■",'■-'■ . - -:» - V
I should also like a treatment for remov- ■
Ing. freckles from -my face—not peroxide. .
..■'■■■, •■'•' ". : ,-. '■ A BLONDE. 1
> No lotion or ointment should be used
to make the eyes brilliant. If the eyes
are tire.d or Irritated they may be bathed f
in lukewarm water to which a pinch
of common salt has been added. ~ ~
Here is the • recipe • for, a : splendid
freckle remover: .■ . . ■
. , Obstinate Freckles i
Oxide of cine...:......*...■..■...... U dram
gubiodlde of bismuth. ..;...'<l4nn r 'i
Dextrine f ...:... '....' 1* drama *
Glycerin 1% drama '
Spread ■ the paste ■ upon the freckles at
night before going to bed. In the morning- ,'■
remote what remains with a little powdered
borax and sweet oil.
To Whiten the Teeth
■ Dear Mrs. Byrne*.
Kindly tell me what Is the best thing to
keep the teeth white and In a healthy con- '
dition. Is peroxide good for the teeth,' and « i
how should It be used? --■ • .-. .-:'.
> After washing the face with buttermilk, :
- should It be left to < dry .on the fa.cc -or %
: should It be washed off? .■- READER. ":•.,
:•■•■ Peroxide will whiten the i teeth, ■ but If
do not think It , is: well to ; use .- it too,
often. Charcoal used about once a week
,is one of ; the best whiteners for the ?
teeth. 1: am giving ,- the ■ recipe : for :aV
powder which you may use regularly:
r:;' Tooth Powder , ;
Precipitated •"cha1k.'........'......... 4 ounces i
* Powdered. arris r00t...'..;.. ;...* t ounces ■
Powdered- camphor ...;*.:.. ,v..'--l ounce
Triturate the camphor in a mortar, mols- '
tenln* It with a very little alcohol. Add
other Ingredients. Mix thoroughly, > and sift
through a fine bolting cloth. ' . ■
■■--" It I should" be *. allowed to dry on > the f'
face. , -■„•,. , ■ .. ■ 'r •• .. / ■ •
* Face Is Too Fat
Dear Mrs. Symes. . . ' ..
. Kindly - advise .me what ' will ' remove
superfluous flesh from the face.
■■■■-' .'■■-.;...;-'. .■-■■■■■ anxious. "*
I advise you not to do anything, for
the full face suggests i youth, while
a thin face adds years to one's coun
• tenance. . "'"*■' ! '
• Desires a Lighter Shade .
Dear Mrs. Byrnes. "•; -:•".,■:-. ,*«2BWMIMsWB
\ ".»Will. you put in the paper a'formula, for ■
■ ma-kin* dark brown hair a pretty shade at
■ • .. ' .. -■ :■ ■■ ■ .--."
boy have reached a marriageable age.
they will have no love for each other.
If the man with whom your daugh
ter is corresponding is a desirable
friend, let her continue the corre
spondence. I advise her to refrain
from sending him her photograph.
Dear Mrs. Adams.
I am 19 years old and have been going
with a young man of my age for two
years and a half. Every noon, as he
has to pass my house on the way to
school, he stops and we go together. It
light brown? I don't want It to look .
bleached. Kindly let me know If it can be
used on false hair also. Mrs. R. H.
I do not have a recipe which will give
the effect you desire. To have the work
done satisfactorily I advise you to visit
To Increase tlie Height
Dear Mrs. Cymes. .' " ' ' .
What will increase the hetght of a
person? I am 17 years old and am 6
feet 2 Inches high. ' ..
Will vaseline ■. applied t 0 the eyebrows ■
; and eyelashes make them - grow ? Is It
, injurious and la it all right to apply It '
every evening? - - >
- : Will sage tea darken the eyelashes and -
eyebrows? How Is it made and how can
it be applied?: Does it require continuous
applications or will . once be ■ sufficient? '
;■:.■■ i ■■ ■ ■.'■■; '-■'.■■ - ..■■ ::.' • ■ .■■.■.McL.;:;
To make the most of your height
you ■ should practice ■ stretching exer
cises." You probably have not stopped
growing. ', -. .";,.-■■ :....::.■.. "• : ,
■ Vaseline will . increase ; the -. growth
of the brows and lashes* and may be
applied every night. '/ • ..
Sage tea will darken them, but-I
think the, eyebrow , pencil will prove
more satisfactory. '.■■'.
Dear Mm. Symes.
-- - I prepared sage tea as you directed, but it
turned rancid after standing a few ■ days.
I strained it again, but do not like to use
It. My hair Is jet black, but it hi getting
thin: and turning gray. Will the cage tea
darken It and Improve the growth -
■'..•-■;■: :• CONSTANT READER.
: Are you sure. that you added enough^
alcohol to preserve the tea, and did you
keep It It) an air-tight bottle or jar?
Sage tea will keep the hair ■ dark ana
Improve Us growth. f Remember - that
. massaging , the scalp and brushing, the
hair, will give the hair life and luster.
' Dear Mrs. Symes. ■HH~"'(BK9Bi
Will. you please • tell 'me the ■ very; beat
remedy to make the heir gu>w? ■-•* •.-.■*.
-■■ Will cocoa make one stout? If so, what
could one drink in'the mornln* If tea 'Mid
coffee are not desired ?r •; UNSIGNED. ..
If your hair is. of an oily nature you
Mhould use my quinine, hair tonic Tf It
is ; inclined to be dry, it is advisable to
use castor : oil every day. ■: • -
"'. Cocoa will make i one stout If taken
regularly. Hot water with lemon or
orange juice added to it is a very good
substitute. ■•. ■ ;--;,;,-.. :~>--y ■■ . • ■
Face Is Red
• Dear Mrs.' Byrnes."" : ' , .*
. I have » very red face. What can I do
for It? It is not caused by tight clothing,
because I have always had It. ■■■ '■-.
• - Also glr« me .a , good ■• remedy for " thick
What can I=do' to ; whiten the :teeth ? I
hare used tooth powders,, but they do not
seem to help any. - ■■••■ ■. ■■.'- ■ ,:..•„
?. • How caa . I keep my, fingernails : from ,
breaking off? . ■■
~ Pleas* tell me an : exercise to reduce the
hips and abdomen. • ' D. I. E.- -.■
Tour skin is , evidently of a transpar
. ent nature. In such a case it is hardly
possible to do anything to prevent the
face from being red. ;. •
To ■ reduce thick •-■, lips } tannin . may be
■eems that gome of the teachers ton
criticised us severely, and are trying to
Set us to stop. Am I doing wrong
When a young; man takes a gin to an
ice cream parlor It It necessary for him
to remove his coat?
Recently a man has asked me twice
to go to a■■ dance ' with - him, - and ■ both
times It was necessary for me to refuse.
I heard that he said ha would Dot ask '
. me again. He is a good friend of mine,
and I do not want to lose his friend
ship. What shall I dot »
BLONDE AND BRUNETTE.
. If your parents raise no objection to
your actions and - they :do not conflict
■with the school rules, I cannot see that
you are doing wrong. i^fajßiWH
No. ... ■ ..•■...-■■.■ ■ , .•., ■ : .-... . .■
Why not Invite him and a few friends
to an informal evening party, so that
he may be assured • that you do * not
object to his company? Try to explain
to him that it was absolutely impossible
for you to accept . either of bis . invi
Money for Collection
Pear Mrs. Adams.
When a man takes me to church
should I allow him to give me money for
the collection box? X. Y. Z.
No; you should provide yourself with
When Occupying a Box \
Dear Mrs. Adams.
Is it proper for a girl to keep on her
hat when occupying a box at the thea
Yes, it is customary for a girl to do
so in a theater box, but in no other
jjart of the house.
used.' To one teaspoonful of tannin add
eight ounces .of water. \ Apply the mix-/
ture once a day. •<■ ; '.
■: Breathing through the mouth will
cause th« teeth to become dry and dis
colored. If you are guilty of this habit
you should « break yourself of It before
trying a whitener. Once a week cleanse
the teeth with, table salt. This will keep
. them white. A ■ good powder or wash.
should be used every day. "-"
To prevent your nails from breaking
use the cream for which I em giving;
the " recipe. It should ■, be; applied before,.
'retiring and loose gloves should be worn.
. . Nail Cream
Petroleum '...............■..... 1 ounce
Whits castile soap (powdered).... 60 grains
Oil of fbergamot.....". 3 drop*
Here are the directions tor the exer- I
cises you>need:: ' "
To Reduce • the ', Hips
Bring the knee up to the chest, remaining
as nearly erect, as . possible. Practice la
alternate motion. ,;. , , ;
;V .To Reduce the Abdomen
. - In standing position, clasp the hands over
the abdomen. Contract the muscles of the
: abdomen and bend. at ■ the hips six time*,
keeping the muscles well contracted:
throughout th« bending. Rest by taking
three deep breaths between each exercise. '.
v*~* Effects : Not Pleasing . I
* Dear Mr*. Byrnes. " *•' _ :
; Can you please tell me of anything* that
will take peroxide off at. the hair f. My
.hair was* getting dark and I put jome
:on and ruined It. .:. ,\ . < ■< RUTH. ,'*t.
~; Nothing can be done to take away the?
effects, but in time! your hair . will re- '
sume its natural color. '
Skating Tires Her
! Dear Mrs. r Symes. mINMPMI
I am a ■ girl of 20 and • enjoy , skating .
very much. Could you kindly tell me what
I could dp to relieve the aching feeling in
my Joints after the pleasure? ... , C. J.
; The more you skate the less your
joints will ache. The aching;is due
.to i the fact "• that i you • have i not been
exercising. '< Be careful,. however, not
to gro beyond your strength. As soon
as you feel tired, stop. Each day you
" •kate ■ you ; will - find > that you ' tire • leas
- quickly than. the day t before.
' To Soften the Skin
, Dear Mrs. Byrnes.'.:< ■ ■ .
» To /settle >an - argument, , will you kind!?
tell me the necessary steps to procure the >
services of .a • corporation doctor? , ■'
' I ■ should also like to know what I eotild
use to soften ■ and ■ whiten the skin on s the fm
Tm i. 1 >jp—pwwiis«Mst~«j[Mit»iiti nim>' 11.1 i "in iiiiqnn
- What will remove red spot* from the face .
left Irom pimples? ■.-..->.--•>
. AN INTERESTED READER.
,' -' Tour question ■Is ; not - clear to ; me. "> If -
you refer to a contract doctor, you can
secure ,•: his i services xby * appealing to,•'•
V the secretary of ; the i society ■ or ; firm by ■
which he is employed. ; ■ .*:.''
To soften and whiten. the skin,'apply
■ daily a lotion made of a teaspoonful of
the tincture of •; benzoin" to 'an ounce of :
■'. rosewater. ,';.»■' -■■"■■ ,-.'.. ■■■ ■. ■■..>, ■■.-':,.
" i The red ',' spots > will .^gradually,.'; disap
pear, but it will do no harm to apply
witch i hazel ito t them •so that * the ; skia
will, heal quickly ■ ;-tc
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