Newspaper Page Text
Ship's Band Played Hymn as Waters Swallowed Vessel
EXPLOSION RENT HULL
Card Game in Progress at Time of Crash
Resumed Till "Abandon Ship" Cry
CARLOS F. HURD
Pout-Dispatch Staff Reporter on the Carpathia
" '■■ pyright, 1012, by Pulitzer Publish- j
Ing company, the St. Louis Post-Pis- j
patch. All rights reserved.)
XEW YORK, April 18. —More than
1-jOO lives were lost on the Titanic,!
which struck an iceberg at 11:45 p. M.i I
Sunday, and were at the ocean's bot- |
torn 2 hours and 35 minutes after. Of
the Titanic's 341 first cabin passengers,
212 were saved; 154 of them were
women and children. Of the 262 second |
cabin passengers, 115 were saved, 102 |
of them women and children.
Of the third class passengers, 800 in '
number, 136 were saved, 83 of whom
were women and children. Of 985 of- j
fleers and crew, 199, including -'- j
women, ■were rescued.
CREW HEROES TO A MAX
No survivors can question the cour- j
age of the crew, hundreds of whom
grave their lives with a heroism which
equaled, but could not exceed, that of j
John Jacob Astor, .Henry B. Harris, j
Jacques Futrelle and others in the long
list of first cabin passengers.
The bulkhead system, though prob
ably working, prevailed only to delay
the ship's sinking. The position of
the ship's wound on the starboard
quarter admitted icy water, which
caused the boilers to explode. These
explosions broke the ship in two.
"WOMEX FIRST" RVI.KS
The crash against the iceberg, which
had been sighted at only a quarter of
a miie, came almost simultaneously
with the click of the levers operated
from the bridge, which stopped the en
gines and closed the airtight doors.
• 'aptain Smith was on the bridge a
moment later. He summoned all on
board to put on life preservers and
ordered the lifeboats lowered. The
first boat had more male passengers, as
they were the first to reach the deck, j
When the rush of frightened men and J
women and crying children to the decks |
the "women first" rule was en
forced. Officers drew revolvers, but in
most cases there was no use for them.
( APTAIVS SUICIDE DISCREDITED
Revolver shots heard shortly before
tb« Titanic went down caused many
rumors, or.c that Captain Smith had
shot himself, another that First Officer j
Murdock had ended his life, but mem
bers of the crew discredit these rumors.
Captain Smith was last seen on the
bridge just before the ship sank, leap
ing only after the decks had been
washed away. What became of the
men with life preservers was the ques
tion asked by many since the disaster.
Many of those with life preservers were
seen to go down, despite the preservers,
1 BY AMBASSADOR
Myron T. Herriek Tells of
Kxperienee While Cross
ing Atlantic Ocean
PAP-IS. April is.—Myron T. Herriek,
the newly appointed American ambas
sador, who arrived here today, said
that the Provence, on which he crossed
the ocean, encountered icebergs and
a 1 o'clock Monday morning re
the distress signals of the Tl
As the Provence was 600 miles away
and the Ba!ti'- was reported to be
itc up, the Provence continued,
because it seemed hopeless to try to
The Provence had been advised bf
tgara of the prpsence of icpbergs
and were sighted at. 6 o'clock
Saturday evening. They evidently had
moved swiftly. The icebergs numbered
12 and they were about 15 miles from
the Provence, Rome of them were 900
feet loner and 300 feet high.
According to other passengers the
Titanic was warned by the Provence,
the Niagara and other ships that ice
berg* were in its path.
VJ MOURNS LOSSES
XEW YORK, April IS.—The follow
ing cablegram has just come from Gen
eral William Booth, head of the Sal
LONDO& Ener.. April IS. —My
heart is moved by the fearful .-alani
ltv which has befallen the world ii.
the loss of the Titanic---moved with
sorrow for the dead, among whom
are some of my lonp tried friends —
moved with sympathy for the llv
ing wlfcose loss can never Be re
paired and moved in Its deepest
sources of feelniK concerning that
sudden and awful summons into the
presence of God.
I pray that it may speak to the
multitude <>f t n ? reality and near
ness of the world to come, and of
tiio urgency and overwhelming
necessity fot preparing for it. God
bles.s and comfort you all.
Course of Ships Changed
NEW YORK, April 18. —The Titanic
• disaster seemed to have little effect
upon those who had booked passage on
the North German Lloyd liner George
Washington, which sailed today.
It was announced that only six
change? were made in the names of
the 1,900 passengers the vessel had on
board when it steamed down the hay.
Tii*- North German Lloyd company
'announced this afternoon that it had
instructed commanders of all steam
ships, both here and at Bremen, to take
a course two degrees south of the regu
lar southerly sailing until furthei or
and dead bodies floated on the surface
as the last boats moved away.
HAM) PI-AYS IIVMX
It is said positively the ship's string
band gathered in the saloon, near the
end, and played, "Nearer, My God, to
Mrs. lsidor Straus refused to leave
her husband's side, and both perished
Harold Cotton, the Marconi operator
of the Carpathia, did not go to bed at
his usual time Sunday night, and as a
result caught the first message of the
Titanlc's plight. Tie had been relaying
messages to the Titanic on Sunday
night, and shortly after 11 o'clock bade
the Titanic operator good night. Just
as he was about to take the receiver off
his head the "C. Q. P." call sounded.
This was followed by the words: "We've
hit something , ; come at once."
CARPATHIA HO MILKS OFF
Cotton sent word of the coming , of
I the Carpathia's officers and her course
: was at once changed in the direction
of the Titanic at full speed of IS knots
! for the full distance of fiO miles inter
| vening between the two ships.
Before Cotton could make a reply to
the C. Q. D. the Titanic said. "I am
I afraid we are gone."'
Cotton said word of the coming of
i the Carpathia. Xo further communica
tion was had with the doomed ship.
The Titani< ,- s speed of 23 knots an
hour never was slackened, and it was
going at that speed when it struck.
S. V. Silverthorne of St. Louis was
one of three or four saloon passengers
on the Titanic who saw the deadly ice
berg Just after the collision.
\O PANIC AT CRASH
"I was In the smoking room, reading,
near a bridge whist game at one of
the tables," he said, "when the crash
came. "I said. 'We've hit something,'
and went out on the starboard side to
look. None of us was alarmed. It oc
curred to me that we might have
bumped some small craft.
"I went back in the smoking room
with the others. One of the bridge
players had not left the smoking room
at all, and was waiting impatiently for
the others to come back and resume
the game. They returned and took up
their hands, and we were all about to
settle down "when an officer ordered us
on deck, and told us to get into the
"There not being enough women on
deck to fill the first ones, we did not
like the idea of leaving the ship then,
but did as we were told. Had we been
in our rooms we would have had to
stand aside, as other men did then."
1 OF BIG ICEBERGS
Message Sent From Liner
Mesaba and "Thanks"
Received in Reply
NSW YORK, April 18.—The Atlantic
transport liner Mesaba. in today from
England, reported that Sunday nig-ht
the following , message passed between
the Mesaba and the Titanic, both
bound for New York:
M. G. V.—Latitude 4 2 to 41.21
north, longitude 49 to 50.30 west,
. much heavy packed Ice and great
number of bergs. Weather clear.
CLARKE, Captain Mesaba.
Thanks. If. G. Y.
"M. G. Y." is the rail of the Titanic.
The Titanic at the time the messages
OTrt exchang-ed was estimated by Cap
tain Clarke to be about 90 miles astern
of thf» Mesaba. Explanation of the
failure of the Mesaba to get the "S. O-
S." call of the Titanic when It hit the
berg is made by Stanley Adams, wire
less operator of the Mesaba, who said
he had his Instrument tuned for a
much greater radius than 90 miles
after warning the Titanic and the
waves passed him by without regis
tering- on hie receiver.
Sunday morning at 6 o'clock the
Mesaba ran into what Captain Clarke
says was the largest field of ice he
ever encountered. The field was from
70 to 90 miles wide and dotted with
between 75 to 100 enormous bergs. The
Mesaba ran 120 miles out of her course
to avoid the ice field.
On Sunday night the operator aboard
the Mesaba heard the Titanic talking
with ('ape Race and later sent the Ti
tanic the message of warning quoted.
Aprain at 9 o'clock Monday night the
Mesaba heard the Olympic talking with
the Parisian and learned for the first
tftne that the Titanic had failed to
profit by the Mesaba's warning and had
!)»■( ii destroyed.
Sympathy in Portugal
LJBBOK, Portugal. April 18.—The Por- i
ingufso senate today unanimously
adopted a resolution expressing sym
pathy for the victims of the Titanic
Call for Funds
CHICAGO. April 18.—A proclamation
was issued by Mayor Harrison today
calling for aid for the survivors of the
Titanic wreck whose husbands and
family supporters were taken by the
Walked in Hl» Sleep
H" was booked at the city prison and
charged with walking in night clothes.
Judge Fashion dismissed him, after he
explained that in his nightmare lip was
going to b'J Stockton street to dress on
the California credit plan. $1 a week. •
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, FRIDAY, APRIL 19, 1912.
.»— ~, — — ' — 1 —« -♦
Secretary) of the Treasury MacVeagh, who assumed charge of the arrival of the Carpathia; Secretary of
Commerce and Labor Nagel, who looked after the immigrant survivors, and the senate committee which will
make J. Bruce Ismay do some explaining. . \
J. P. Morgan's Luck Kept
Him Off the Titanic
XEW YORK. April IS.—J.
Plerpont Morgfia'i star of good
lack Mill was in the ascendant in
the seventy-fifth year of his life,
for the banker bad thought ear
lier In the year that he would re
turn to America on the Titanic.
Henry Clny Frick in February
had enirnsred a suite on the Ti
tanic, hut Mrs. Frttek sprained
her ankle when the Adriatic
stopped at Madeira and went to
n hospital in Xaples.
Morsran took over Frlck's book
ing. Then Morgan decided to
extend his stay abroad and
panned the reservation over to
J. Horace Harding , , a banker.
Harding; was obliged to take
an earlier boat, and sailed last
DEATH OF BUTT
President's Aid "Was Bearer
of Autograph Letter From
the Pope to Taft
ROME. April 18. —The Observatore
Romano publishes the following official
"The pope has learned with deep re
gret that among the victims of the
ruthless disaster to the Titanic, which
has so profoundly grieved him, was
Major Butt, returning from a visit to
Rome. Major Butt had been the bearer
of an autograph letter from the presi
dent of the United States to the pontiff,
j and now, on returning? home, had an
I autograph letter from the pontiff to
j the president, together with an answer
I from Cardinal Merry del Val, the papal
secretary, to a letter addressed to him
by the president.
"The pontiff, while expressing , to
President Taft his profound sympathy
and sorrow for all, hastened to ask for
news respecting the fate of Major Butt.
President Taft immediately answered,
expressing to the pope his profound
gratitude for the interest and sym
pathy shown by the pope toward the
sufferers and adding that unfortu
nately there was no hope that Major
Butt had been saved."
"WASHINGTON, April 18-—President
Taft today received a letter from James
Hiyce, the British ambassador, convey
ing the heartfelt sympathy of the gov
ernment and people of New Foundland
over the wreck of the Titanic. Bryce's
letter reads as follows:
"Dear Mr. President —I have received
a telegraphic message from the gov
ernor of New Foundland, in which he
expressed the heartfelt and earnest
sympathy of the colony of New Found
land to be conveyed to all who have
lost those dear to them by the disaster
to the Titanic.
"I have the honor to request that
you will accept on behalf of the gov
ernment and people of New Foundland
their expression of their profound sym
pathy with the people of the United
States in the great and terrible sorrow
that has come upon them in this awful
In reply President Taft wrote Bryce
a letter, which read in part as follows:
"I thank you for this expression by
the governor and people of New Found
land In the great and terrible sorrow
which the people of the United States
have suffered in this shipwreck."
Sailors' Memorial Service
TORONTO. Ont, April 18.—A public
memorial service for the victims of the
Titani<- disaster will be held here Sun
day in Massey hall. The meeting will
be under the auspices of the Canadian
branch of tlie British and Foreign Sail
ors' society. leading clergymen and
prominent citizens will take part.
ISMAY TO TELL
White Star Line Official Says
Passengers Left Ship
Continued From Page 1
tlon had been compiled with and its
masters, officers and crew were the
most experienced and skillful in the
"I am informed a commission of the
United States senate hae been ap
pointed to investigate the accident. I
heartily welcome a most complete and
exhaustive inquiry, as the company has
absolutely nothing: to conceal, and any
aid that my associates or myself, our
ship builders or navigators can render
will b« at the service of both the
United States and the British govern
Last Boat to Leave
"How soon did it sink after It
struck?" Ismay was asked.
"Liet me see; it was 2 hours aJid 25
minutes, I think. Yes, that's right."
"In other words, there would have
been ample time to havo taken every
one off if there had been enough life
boats?" he was asked.
"I do not want to talk about that
now," was the reply.
"Did you go off in the first boat?"
some one asked.
"What do you mean?"
"Were you in the first boat that left
"N0, , " he said, slowly and firmly, "I
was not. I was in the last boait. It
was one of the forward boats."
CAPTAIN LEFT OIV BRIDGE
"What was the captain doing when
you last saw him?"
"He was standing on the bridge."
"It is not true that he committed
"No; I heard nothing of it."
Lsmay was asked to explain the de
lay in sending news of the accident
"I cant say anything about that now
except that I sent the first telegram
announcing what had happened to Mr.
Franklin about 11 o'clock on the morn
ing we were picked up. lam told that
that telegram did not reach its destin
ation here until yesterday."
In response to requests for more de
tails Mr. lsmay said:
"I must refuse to say more until to
morrow when I appear before the con
SUMMONED BY SENATORS
Ismay was in the care of physicians
on board the Carpathia when seen by
the subcommittee of the investigation
committee of the United States senate.
He was vieited by United States Sen
Captain Smith's Widow
Sends a Sad Message
I,O\ no\, April IS.—The widow
of Captain Smith, the commander
of the Titanic, ha* written a
pathetic message, which T\a*
posted today outside the White
Star office*. It reads as follows:
"To my poor fellow sufferers:
My heart overflows with grief for
you all and is laden 'with Morrow
that yon are weighted down 'with
this terrible harden that has been
thrust npon as. May God be
with as and comfort us njl.
Yours In deep sympathy,
ators William Alden Smith and Francis
G. Newlands, who compose the sub
After two conferences, each of which
lasted half an hour, Smith and New
lands got from Ismay his promise to
attend tomorrow a session of the sub
committee at the Waldorf-Astoria. The
meeting probably will be in the after
What was said in the conference the
senators stated they did not desire to
divulge for the present.
"All we care to say of what we have
learned," Smith said as he was leaving
the Carpathia. "is that Ismay's recital
to us of what happened is very, very
interesting. It tends to show that the
newspaper reports of this awful calam
ity received up to date, however wild
and alarming they may appear to have
been, certainly have not exaggerated
the situation that must have happened
when the disaster occurred."
DED CROSS FUND
TO AID NEEDY
Appeal Will Be Made for
Money for Destitute
WASHINGTON. April 18.—After a
conference at the White House today
between Charles Nagel, the secretary
of commerce and labor; C. D. Hilles,
secretary to President Taft, and Miss
Mabel Boardman, the active head of
the American Red Cross, it was an
nounced that an appeal to the people
of the United States probably would be
sent broadcast by the Red Cross for
funds to aid the destitute rescued from
Miss Boardman said that the Red
Cross had only a small fund because it
had expended large amounts in the
Mississippi valley floods, in Mexico and
in other places; therefore a general
appeal was deemed necessary. The
funds will be raised chiefly to be used
in transporting the rescued women to
their homes. Part of any funds col
lected also might be used for the fam
ilies of the dead sailors.
The Red Cross society has appro
priated |500 of its contingent fund.
President Taft, it was said at the
Red Cross office, would add personally
a substantial amount for the relief.
Ernest P. Bicknell. national director of
the Red Cross, left today for New York.
In spite of the fact that the Titanic \
was a British boat and that the British
Red Cross is expected to respond to the
emergency, the American Red Cross,
Miss Boardman said, would not forget
the British sailors who died to save
Butt a Frat Man
BERKELEY, April 18.—The flag on
the Delta Tau Delta fraternity house
is at half mast today in memory of
Major Archibald C. Butt, aid to Presi
dent Taft, who is reported among the
dead in the wreck of the Titanic. Ma
jor Butt belonged to the fraternity at
the University of the South, Sewanne,
Term., where he was graduated in 1891.
WRECK HORRORS TOLD
HEROES SANK IN SEA
Pitiful Scenes Witnessed as Husbands and
Wives Separated to Meet No More
Continued From Page 1
from "Washington, and his son in law,
P*aul H. Fabricius.
Colonel Gracie told a remarkable
story of personal hardship and denied
the reports that there had been any
panic on board. He praised in the
highest terms the behavior of both
the passengers and the crew and paid
a high tribute to the heroism of the
"Mrs. Isidor Straus," he said, "went
to her death because she would not
desert her husband. Although he
pleaded with her to take her place in
the boat she steadfastly refused, and
when the ship settled at the head the
two were engulfed by the wave that
Gracie told of how he was driven to
the topmost deck when the ship
settled and was the sole survivor after
the wave that swept it just before its
final plunge had passed.
"I jumped with the wave," said he,
"just as I often have jumped with the
breakers at the seashore. By great
good fortune I managed to grasp the
brass railing on the deck above and T
hung on by might and main. When
the ship plunged down I was forced to
let go and I was swirled around and
around for what seemed to be an un
determinable time. Eventually I came
to the surface to find the sea a mass of
"Luckily I was unhurt and seized a
wooden grating floating nearby. When
I had recovered my breath I discovered j
a larger canvas and cork life raft
which had floated up. A man whose
name I did not learn was struggling
toward it from some wreckage to
which he had clung. I cast off and
helped him to get into the raft and we
then began the work of rescuing those
who had jumped into the sea and were
floundering in the water.
"When dawn broke there were 30 of
us on the raft, standing knee deep in
icy water and afraid to move lest the
cranky craft be overturned. Several
unfortunates, benumbed and half dead,
besought us to save , them, and one or
two made an effort to reach us, but we
had to warn them away. Had. we made
any effort to cave them we all might
"The hours that elapsed before we
were picked up by the Carpathia were
the longest and most terrible that I
ever spent. Practically without any
sensation of feeling because of the icy
water, we were almost dropping of
fatigue. We were afraid to turn around
to see whether we were seen by pass
ing craft, and when some one who was
facing astern passed the word that
something that looked like a steamer j
was coming up one of the men became
hysterical under the strain. The rest j
of us. too, were nearing the breaking
Colonel Grade said revolvers were
fired on the Titanic for the purpose of
intimidating some steerage passengers
who had tumbled into a boat before it
was prepared for launching.
JARRED FROM BERTH
The army officer was in his berth
when the vessel smashed into the sub
merged portion of the berg and was
aroused by the jar. He looked at his
watch, he said, and found that it was
just midnight. The ship sank with him
at 2:22 a. DDL, for his watch stopped at
"Before I retired," said Colonel Gra
cie, "I had a long chat with Charles W.
Hays, president of the Grand Trunk
railroad. One of the last things Hays'
said was this:
"'The White Star, the Cunarrt and
the Hamburg-American lines are de
voting their attention and ingenuity in
vying with each other to attain the
supremacy in luxurious ships, and in
making speed records. The time will
come when this will be capped by
some appalling disaster. 'Poor fellow,
a few hours later he was dead.' "
The conduct of Colonel John Jacob
Astor was deserving of the highest
praise. Colonel Gracie declared. "The
millionaire New Yorker," he said, "de
voted all his energies to saving his
young bride, nee Miss Force of New
York, who was in delicate health.
ASTOR AIDED IX WORK
"Colonel Astor helped, us in our ef
forts to get her into the boat. I lifted
her into the boat, and as she took her
place Colonel Astor requested permis
sion of the second officer to go with
her for her own protection.
" 'No, sir,' replied the officer, 'not a
man shall go on a boat until the women
are all off.' "
"Colonel Astor then inquired the j
free Sample of Clover
Leaf Catarrh Remedy
SenttoAll Who Write
After you get the sample and us« it,
you 'will discover that you have found
what you have been looking for—re
lief for your catarrh and cold in the
head. You'll go to your druggist and
buy some more if you care more for
your health and happiness than you do
for the 50 centa which it will take to
Listen. —Wβ know what we are talk
ing about —we know that this will re
lieve you. If we didn't, we wouldn't of
fer to refund your money If thiH rem
edy does not give satisfaction. But it
will and you will be bo happy your
friends won't know you.
Price 60c. For sale by all drug
gists—or sent by mall postpaid by the
manufacturers. Clover Leaf Pharmacy,
number of the boat which was being
lowered away and turned to tne work
of clearing other boats and reassuring
the frightened and nervous women.
"By this time the boat began to list
frightfully to port. This became so
dangerous that the second officer or
dered every one to rush to starboard.
This we did, and we found the crew
trying to get a boat off in that quarter.
Here I saw the last of John B. Thayer
and George B. Widener of Phila
DID NOT SLOW DOWN
Colonel Gracie said that, despite the
warnings of icebergs, no slowing dowa
of speed was ordered by the com
mander of the Titanic. There were
other warnings, too. he said.
"In the 24 hours' run ending on the
14th," he said, "the ship's run was 54fi
miles, and then we were told that the
next 24 hours would see even a better
record posted. No diminution of speed
was indicated in the run and the en
gines kept up their steady running.
"When Sunday e% - ening came we all
noticed the increasing cold, which gave
plain warning that the ship was in
close proximity to icebergs and ice
DID NOT FEAR ICE
"The officers, I am credibly informed,
had been advised by wireless from
other ships of the presence of icebergs
and dangerous floes in that vicinity.
The sea was as smooth ac glass, and
the weather clear, so that it seems
that there was no occasion for fear.
"When the vessel struck, the passen
gers were so little alarmed that they
joked over the matter. The few that
appeared on the deck early had taken
their time to dress propertly, and there
was not the slightest indication of
panic. Some of the fragments of ice
had fallen on the deck and these were
picked up and passed around by some
of the facetious ones.
REFUSED TO BE SAVED
"On the port side a glance over the
side failed to show any evidence of
damage, and the vessel seemed to be
on an even keel. James Clinch Smith
and I, however, soon found the vessel
was listing heavily. A few minutes
later the officers ordered men and
women to don life preservers."
One of the last women seen by Colo
nel Gracie, he said, was Miss Evans of
New York, who virtually refused to be
rescued, because, according to the army
officers, she had been told by a fortune
teller in London that she would meet
her death on the water.
OFFICER SAVED MANY
A young English woman, who re
quested that her name be omitted, told
a thrilling story of her appearance in
one of the collapsible boats which had
been manned by eight of the crew from
the Titanic. The boat was in command
of the fifth officer. H. Lowe, whose ac
tions she described as saving the lives
of many people.
Before the lifeboat was launched he
passed along the port deck of the
steamer commanding the people not to
jump in the boats and otherwise re
straining them from swamping the
craft. When the collapsible was
launched Lowe succeeded in putting up
a mast and a small sail. He collected
the other boats together. In some cases
the boats were short of adequate crews,
and he directed an exchange by which
each was manned adequately.
Later on he went back to the wreck.
On his way back to the Carpathia he
passed . one of the collapsible boats
which was on the point of sinking with
30 passengers aboard, most of them in
scant night clothing. They were res
cued just in the nick of time.
fl The average shoe
store sells good shoes, but
not good shoes cheap.
Q That's our business and if you
care to wear $4.00, $5.00 and
$6.00 shoes, this is the store that has
them at . _^
<J By way of proving this just ask
us to show you our line of white new
Buck boots, the very latest effect;
also our Ladies' Sea Island 1 6-but
ton linen boots with pearl buttons,
Mall Order* Promptly Killed.
Addresn Dept. C.
LEWIS SAMPLE SHOECO.
Fourth Floor PACIFIC BUILDING
MARKET AM) FOURTH STS.
Open Saturday Evenings