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The San Francisco Sunday Call
California Women Who Think
SHOULD WE PUT A TAG ON THE BACHELORS?
The unmarried woman is
known by the prefix before her
name. If she still maintains a
state of single blessedness, the
little word of four letters with
which she begins her signature
announces the fact to a curious
world at large. If she marries
she drops the old surname alto
gether and adopts her husband's,
and if she becomes a widow in
the course of time, her condition
in life is blazoned abroad by the
revealing "Mrs." prefixed to a half
and half arrangement of her
given name and her former lord's
cognomen. There is no conceal
ment for the eligible feminine
member of society.
The eligible man is a different
He may be married or single,
divorced or real out and out
widower, but the vicissitudes of
his life leave no revealing mark
on the style of his name. Bach
elors, widowers and benedicks,
AWARDED A SILVER PIE KNIFE
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Br H., 417 Clement Street, San Franctsco
"Button, button! Who's got the but
ton? Rise, and tell no lies!"
Remember that old childhood game?
How we cherished that button between
our palm*—that little bit of glass or
The whole gam« centered upon It
as we slipped our closed hands in and
out. through twenty pairs of hands;
dropping It in just one pair, ever so
carefully! Then, as the "button" boy
finished or lost it to "Just one girl"
he would follow up with "Whose got
that button?. Rise and tell no lies."
Not such a bad garr.e! It wasn't an
open secret about who had that but
ton, either. Each one had to ferret
that knowledge out for himself. That
was the eport, guessing where it was
hidden. Such a thing as a "tag" would
have spoiled the game. The person
known to have that button would
have been mobbed—not for himself,
but for his possessions. The very
thins aociety denounces.
It was then, and It is now, fun to
jßwek throu-gh the world for the right
par of hands, not for the button or
To tag a man Isn't a great compli
ment. It's all right for canines. We
are not speaking of such. The noblest
work of God needn't go tagged! It
would be an open bid for some girl
to attach herself to your Paul, who
has his eye on you when he gets his
■alary raised high enough to warrant
asking you to share it with him. He
may be waiting till hie brother Ned
Is through school to help out at home
before he can leave.
Can't you see how it would com
plicate matters? tHe hasn't thought
much of girls io general—just one.
Turn a mob of them on to that tag
or button battery and he will realize
how Important he is and become sat
urated with ideas heretofore foreign
to his nature. Who believes married
men a menace to bachelors? Some
■oured bachelor said that. Who would
care to be Introduced to that man's
friends? A man that entertains such
thoughts should be labeled, but the
label should be a danger signal. We
■urely need not label our bachelors to
protect them —even from married n.en,
aa some one has intimated. The mar
ried men settled the question in man
ly fashion by paying the best compli
ment and the strongest argument of
AWARDED A SILVER PICKLE FORK
He Wants a Button
John Geoffrey*, Sacramento
Fat roe down for a button!
I am a bachelor of 40 and thereabouts
"with a. fairly comfortable income. The
Income eupports one very well indeed,
and I daresay it could be made to sup
port two should the occasion for such
an arrangement arise.
I have no intention of evading a Just
fate, therefore am willing to blazon
my state of single blessedness to the
world at large, ■which you will grant is
courageous to say the least when the
leap year is taken into consideration.
No bachelor worthy the name is
ashamed of being , one, therefore no
bachelor could be opposed to the button
proposition as an institution. The fact
that we are bachelors in spite of the
lures spread about our wary feet, is
Benedicks Have Made Button Necessity
Indeed I think that bachelors should
be made to wear buttons. How on
earth is a home hungry spinster going
to make shift to bring down a hus
band if she know not which to pull
the trigger on?
The bachelor carries no distinguish
ing mark upon his person. He n,ay be
married, with a wife and eight children
In some remote corner of the earth,
for all you may tell from his appear
ance, for marriage sets very lightly
on masculine shoulders.
Go to a summer resort. You are
presented to all the men in the place
before nightfall. But the sad fact re
mains that you may be wasting your
battery of glances on the least eligible
of the flock, he of the eight children,
etc., when had you a guide sign in
th* shape of a button be it ever so
sn.all, there would be no mistake and
moreover no time wasted.
If the benedick were content to retire
they are all assembled under the '
plain, misleading "Mr."
And now Mrs. Frank Page,
society leader of Cambridge,
Mass., comes forward with a
proposition to "tag bachelors with
an artistic button worn in their
coat lapels, so that their eligibility
could not be in doubt." Needless
to say, this move has occasioned
no end of talk in Cambridge, and
not alone in Cambridge. Chicago
bachelors have come to the front
with a word of approval for the
scheme, and it now remains to be
seen what San Francisco men and
women think of the idea.
Think it over pro and con, you
women who think, and then write
your conclusions for the benefit of
the Symposium Editor. For the
two cleverest letters received The
Sunday Call will award two pieces
of silver ware. See if you can't
be a winner. Address all com
munications to the Symposium
Editor, The Call, San Francisco.
his position to "Just One Girl." Hβ
was and is game.
The idea that It would be the mar
ried n.en that would suffer! The idea
of crawling: back to that subterfuge
and calling for a tag: ordinance for
protection! Isn't that like a bachelor?
I would not give the bachelor a but
ton—no, not one. He would like a
brass band, too, he Is so modest. The
married men are In the game from
choice. If the bachelor stays out of
the fold from choice it won't be long
till he can't break in, nor will he be
able to buttonhole any one long , enough
to even entertain his proposal. Let
him alone. His excuses are varied.
Some are very real, others just selfish
reasons. The selfish ones tell you how
it would pain their superior organism
not to be able to dress and house a
wife like an Astorbilt. Don't credit
such bosh. He would have to give up
a cig-ar or two; couldn't buy suits made
to order; would not be able to patron
ize a bachelor restaurant. That is
the key to his suffering—self-sacriflce.
Let him alone. His punishment is in
abeyance. In the twilight of his
■wasted years, without sons or daugh
ters to bear his name or cherish him
he will know what he threw away. He
can't live it over. Beyond recall are
all the visions of the "might have
He can sneer at divorce courts, as
infidels sneer at religion—it gets him
not one ray of comfort. His friends
whom he thought so reckless gave up
matchless neckties, hosiery and swell
fronts when they Joined the poor mar
ried man colony, but never In their
most grevlous moments of care and
privation were they the object of com
miseration we see in a real old bach
elor. He Is the burned out sepulcher
of fond hopes—the quintessence of
selfishness. Old, lonely, unloved! That
is a price for a few years of liberty!
It is bad to grow old, but a lone old
ir.an is the most pathetic sight in the
Reserve your button. Don't hurry
him, nor seek to punish him—an old
maid is not tl;e square peg in the uni
verse, she Isn't a patch on him as
cutting a sorry fgure. He must pay
dearly for tils choice—this out of the
game creature —the bachelor who can
pay for his keep or the one who can't
—it's not a pretty picture either way.
something to be distinctly proud of, and
I should say that the distinguishing
button will but add to our glory.
We could not with becoming modesty
publish our unmarried state to the
world at large, but were we forc«d to
do io by the mandates of our country's
laws, our modesty would be saved for a
long life, and our name would become
famous in the Land of Eve.
The bachelor is the lion of creation.
The fact that he is a hunted creature
should not of necessity cause him to
skulk under cover. Let him proclaim
his whereabouts and take the darts
fired at him like the king of beasts
that he is. If the darts prove fatal to
the victor the commiseration.
As I said before, put me down for a
Kate Allston, Berkeley
from the field on assuming matrimonial
responsibilities, there would be no need
to tag the bachelor, but man loses not
one whit of his desire for adulation
with the marriage ceremony, and with
the honeymoon safely in the back
ground, he is just as ready as he ever
was to bask in the approval of glances
I am for the tagging of bachelors,
once and for all tirr.e. There are so
many married men with their marriage
vows in a state of near dissolution,
who roam about the world unattached
seeking whom they may devour under
the guise of bachelorhood, that the
need of the distinguishing button has
And I also believe that if you will
take a popular vote among the bach
elors therr.selves, the measure will car
ry by a large majority.
Tag the bachelor and give the
spinster a fair show. She is entitled
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Mrs. I-:. K. NlchoU, 2500 Mllvia Street, Berkeley.
What shall we do with the youthful
The youthful offender is one who gets
a wrong start in life. Environment has
muct to do with our so called chosen
actions. Bring up the young in the way
they should go and give them, not one,
but many chances if they stray from the
fold. Kindness, love, patience and com
panionship are extremely necessary in
youth, and confidence and loyalty essen
tial when they "paddle their own
canoe." Life has many hidden corners,
roads we know nothing about until we
stumble toward them by accident. If
we venture to travel them and find out
Why a Chef Gets $10,000 a Year
Some people are still astonished when
they hear that a good chef draws a
salary of $10,000 a year. It can easily
be shown that a chef who serves a large
hotel may easily be worth this sum or
more, says a former chef in the Min
Many New York hotels are paying
from 110,000 to $15,000 a year for their
The good chef must be a naturalist,
an economist, a disciplinarian, a
butcher, an artist, a sculptor and an
He is a naturalist because of the
intimate knowledge of all kinds of
meat animals; birds, both wild and do
mestic; fish, crustaceoue and shell; of
fruits, vegetables, spices and condi
He must know in what season each
kind of food is at its best; in what
country or section it is produced.
■He must be an anatomist because it
is necessary to know the location of
every bone and joint in animals, birds
and flsh which he handles. In sorr.e
dishes small birds, such as quail, have
all their bones removed, and this re
quires a special knowledge of anatomy.
He must be an economist, because on
his ability in this way depends the
profitableness of the hotel. (He knows
that potatoes, be they ever so cheap,
should be peeled with as little waste
as possible. A large hotel uses about
50 bushels a day, and the net profits
will be increased $3,000 to $4,000 a year
by a chef who uses potatoes economic
ally as compared with one who doesn't.
Then there are cases where five
dozen eggs will answer the purpose of
10 dozen, provided* they are- properly
handled by the chef, and the dish to
be In no way impaired. The same prin
ciple applies to milk, cream, butter and
hundreds of supplies tltat pasa through
the cook's hands daily.
He must be a disciplinarian, because
the success of the hotel depends upon
each man doing his work properly. If
a banquet is scheduled for a certain
hour, it is fn.possible for the chef to
be overseeing every department at the
same time. He must have trained his
men to do their work promptly with
This kitchen discipline is vital, for
if anything is made ready too soon its
attractive appearance and flavor are
Injured. If it is late, the trouble is
equally serious. Each course is pre
pared by a different department and
must be finished on the moment, so
that it may be sent to the banqueters
without Interruption of the scheduled
time of service.
The chief in a great hotel has up
ward of 100 skilled assistants, with as
many more unskilled ones. The skilled
include sauce cooks, vegetable cooks,
ice cream makers, confectioners, butch
ers, carvers, salad makers, etc.
The chef n.ust be a butcher, because
he must know how to cut up large
pieces of meat into steaks, chops,
roasts, stews, etc.
In storing foods the good chef knows
that raw fish must not come in con
tact with iron or tin; that butter or
milk must be kept in separate com
partments, cheese in another and meat
in another, and extracts, olive oil and
syrup must be kept ,in a dark, cool
place or their delicate flavor will be
In the preparation of certain sauces
including bordelaise and piquante,
evaporation plays an important part in
producing the necessary flavor. Others,
including bernaise, hollandaise and
n.ayonnaise, are made by emulsifying
the ingredients. If they are not sealed
at the proper temperature the cook's
work has gone for nothing.
where they lead, which of us is more to
blame —the one who, through curiosity
and bravado, reaches the end, or he who
turns and runs back at the first signal
of danger and reaches the broad high
way before the critic drives up and
finds out his transgressions? Give him
a chance, certainly; give him three or
four chances; then, if he fails, you've at
least done your duty.
How many chances do we get, give
and take through life, and where would
be our successes if it were not for our
failures? Yes, give the boys a chance,
even a slight one, and, ten to one, they
will grow up to be useful members of
Some Famous Costumes
Among , the exhibits lent by Queen
Alexandra to the English exhibit of
gowns is the tunic worn by Queen Vic
toria at her coronation. Unfortunately
the coronation robe is not also shown.
The tunic, however, is composed of
cloth of gold embroidered in a design
of rose, shamrock and thistle, this
somewhat like the old fashioned dol
man, as it has the long wide sleeves
with turned back cuffs disclosing the
crimson satin lining. The tunic is
edged with gold lace about one inch
in width. In length it appears to have
reached almost to the hem of the dress.
It opens in front to disclose the front
panel of the robe underneath, and the
fronts are turned back to disclose the
lining as with the sleeves. *
Worn by Queen Victoria on her wed
ding day, February 10, 1840, is a se
verely plain white silk evening dress,
very simple In design, with nothing to
typify that it la the wedding dress of
a Queen of England. The decollete
bodice Iβ made with a long point in
frdnt worn over the skirt, the decol
letage outlined with narrow lace and
trimmed with white silk net. In the
front of the bodice there Is a chou of
white satin ribbon.
The design is essentially Victorian,
with sloping shoulders and tiny sleeves
trimmed with satin ribbon and net.
The skirt is plaited into the waist, and
has two narrow flounces of the net
headed with a roleau of satin, which
terminates on each side of the front
panel with bows and ends of the satin
ribbon. The skirt is walking length,
clearing the ground.
When Queen Victoria opened the ex
hibition of 1851 she wore a gown of
rose pink silk, cut decollete, a design
of interlaced silver circles being woven
into the silk. Aβ seems to have still
been the fashion, the bodice is cut with
the deep point In front, and is worn
over the skirt.
There Is a tiny pucker of cream lace
(now grown yellow with age), and
trimming the bodice there Is some
beautiful braid or guimpe. The tiny
sleeves are trimmed lace to correspond.
Trimming the front of the bodice there
are bows of satin ribbon the exact
shade of the silk; the skirt is plaited
Into the waist, but the plants stop
either side of the front, forming a
panel, which is trimmed with five
graduated bands of the lace heading
the silver trimming, and terminating
each side In a chou of the satin ribbon.
There are two gowns also shown
which belonged to the Duchess of Kent,
which have been lent by Queen Alex
Also lent by Alexandra Is the dress
which she wore at the Diamond Jubilee
of Queen Victoria. This la in a beauti
ful shade of mauve satin completely
covered with lace lightly paillette in
silver. The skirt is quite simple, guilt
lees of any festoons or flounces, and
having a slight train. The bodice worn
over the skirt is close flitting, covered
with the lace to correspond with the
skirt, the long sleeves to the wrist
having the lace slightly plaited.
The coronation robes of King Ed
ward and Queen Alexandra are in one
case to themselves, but these have
been on view for a considerable time.
They comprise the cloth of gold dress
of Alexandra and her majesty's crown,
also King Edward's super tunica, which
was modeled on Queen Victoria's tunic.
Lent by Quen Mary is the going
away dress of Princess Mary Adelaide,
Duchess of Teck, and this is dated 1866.
In thick gray silk .trimmed Saxe blue
satin, with Saxe blue fringe and nar
row lace, it comprises a short coat and
long flowing skirt. There is also the
white satin bodice worn on her wed
ding day by the Duchesa of Teck, and
the lace handkerchief carried by her.
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What shall we do with the child
criminal? Do you really think a child
should be called a criminal? It is my
opinion that the word criminal is ap
plied to an older person, one who has
reached the age where the difference
between right and wrong is fully im
pressed upon his mind, and not to &
child who does a wrong, trying to imi
tate the older boys or perhaps follow
ing instructions from men who take a
delight in poisoning the minds of young
For instance: A crowd of men. all
between 25 and 30 years of age, were
on the main street of a certain town,
laughing as though something very
MUSIC IN A NUTSHELL
A Complete Knowledge of the Piano Condensed, Simplified
and Explained In 12 Lectures by the Young's
Music Instruction Company.
By THE LECTURER.
I guarantee these Lectures, being my own method of teaching:, which have proved very successful. It
Is Music condensed, simplified and explained. Children can take them and teach themselves how to play.
Parents can help their children with their practice, and see for themselves If they are being taught prop
erly, or they can teach their own children from them. Those who are playing already will flnd them useful,
either as a help or "brush up" of past lessons. Professor* and Teachers can refresh their memory by
glancing over them.
[Copyright, i»8. by Tonne's Music Instruction Co., Plttsburr. P*.J
SEMITONES IN MINOR SCALES.
What Is the second Minor scale called?
The Harmonic Minor.
How do we find these two Minors?
They are found three semitones below the Major they belong to.
Prom C to B, one semitone; B to B flat, two semitones, B flat to A, three semitones, there
fore A Is the first note of the Minor scales belonging to C Major.
Are the semitones In the same place as the Major scales?
In the Relative Minor the seventh and eighth remain the same, the other Is altered so as it
will lie between the second and third notes instead of third and fourth. Therefore the semitone*
lie between the second and third notes and seventh and eighth notes In the Relative Minor.
What is there peculiar about this scale?
It goes up Minor and comes down Major—Just the same as the Major it is "relative" ta.
To bring the semitone between the seventh and eighth note we have to raise F and O a half
tone, and as It has to be the same as its Major C coming down we have to lower them again so as
all the notes will be natural. By this you see that every Relative Minor has to come down like the
Major it belongs to.
Where do the semitones lie In the Harmonic Minor?
It commences on the same note as the Relative Minor, and the semitones must- lie between the
second and third notes, fifth and sixth notes, seventh and eighth notes, therefore the Harmonic Minor
has three semitones in its octave.
The Harmonic Minor goes up and down the same.
How can you tell the key in which a piece of music is written?
By the key signature.
As the Minor (Relative) has the same signature, how can you*tell whether it is Minor or Major?
If it is Minor the seventh note hjas either a sharp or natural placed before it
THE CHROMATIC SCALE.
All the white ahd black notes oh the piano from one keynote to its octave form the Chromatic
scale. Beginning on C and using German fingering.
Right hand fingering above. Left hand fingering below scale.
Chromatic means "opposite" or "contrary to signature," thus C—C sharp—though it Iβ marked O
the black note above C is played.
Diatonic means "according to signature." as C and D Flat
EASY WAY TO FIND KEY. '
In the Major scales with sharps look for the semitone above the last sharp written In the sig
nature. In Major keys with flats the keynote is the last flat but one written in signature.
The sharps and flats placed as the key signature do not go above or below the stave but are
placed in their order like this:
TECHNICAL NAMES OF NOTES IN SCALE WHICH EXPLAIN THEIR
RELATION TO EACH OTHER.
What is the first note called?
The Tonic or keynote, because the preralllng tone proceeds from it
The second note?
It is called Super Tonic (super means over), because it is over Tonic
The third note?
It is called the Mediant, or midway between Tonic and Dominant
The fourth note?
The Sub Dominant (sab means under) or Under Dominant.
The fifth note? - : *^f
Dominant, because it hag a ruling influence over the key
The sixth note?
Sub Mediant, because it holds same position under the Tonic as the Mediant holds otct the ToaJc.
The Leading note, because it leads the ear to expect the Tonic directly after.
Though I have condensed theee scales In a small compass do not try to learn thpm «n «* «—.
Take one at a time, with its two Minors, and do not touch another till ?ou caTSay Sse I ttree let
fectly. You may go on with your book though. v y e Ulree per^
END OF LECTURE VIII.
BTOTE—To sain all the benefit from thie course of Lectures please follow Instructing ma»i v - -'— ± ».ki~.
Henrietta S. Nleleen, Box 95, San Metro,
amusing was going on. What do you
suppose was the cause of all this excite
ment? It wasn't a trained dog going
through all its tricks, as a person might
suppose, but it was two little boys, one
7 and the other 8 years df age, both
fighting as though their lives depended
on the winning. The men had circled
around the two little chaps, and were
betting as to which would be the win
ner. Being urged on, neither boy would
give in, although both were almost ex
hausted. If the fight had been allowed
to go on, the boys would have fought
until one was beaten, the fight having
put both the boys in misery, and per-
Which are to be called the criminals,
the men or the boys?
I wonder if it wouldn't help the com
ing generation if we mothers and
fathers spent more time in trying- to
protect the children from evil associa
# ♦ #
Words of Appreciation
Symposium Editor —Dear Sir: I was
pleased to learn that my article was not
unavailable, and I hereby thank you for
the cheese knife. It is a pretty one and
very truly appreciated. Sincerely,
MERNA M. NATHAN.