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Hand of Russia
In the Balkans
TO what extent Russian intrigue is responsible for the present
situation in the near east is a matter engaging the attention of
most students of European affairs. It is common knowledge
how for centuries Russia has aimed at the possession of Constanti
nople and free access to the Mediterranean. When her progress
toward this end was arrested at San Stefano in 1878, as she was about
to grasp the prize, her ambition was by no means ended. Since then
she has sought persistently to acquire by stealth what she failed, in
her war with Turkey, to acquire openly by force of arms.
It is generally believed that Russia has diligently encouraged the
idea of Pan-Sfavism, and that a union of the southern Slavs into a
single strong confederacy is but the first step toward the larger union
of the southern and the northern Slavs into one great Slav empire,
under the scepter of the czar of Russia.
Another step, naturally, is the fomenting of discord between the
elements of the Austro-Hiingarian empire—between the Austrians
proper, the Magyars of Hungary and the Slavs of Croatia-Slavonia,
Dalmatia, Istria, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
There was a time, not long ago, when these three elements might
have been harmonized, when trialism, instead of dualism, might have
existed in the dominions of Emperor Franz Josef, but, evidently,
under some subtle but potent influence, suspected to be Russian, the
idea of a triune empire has perished. Its death was partly hastened
by the encouragement of Magyar chauvinism and partly by the reac
tionary policies of Count Aerenthal, predecessor of count yon Berch
told as Austrian premier.
The hostility of the Austrian Slavs was cultivated on the one
hand by the bad faith of the Hungarians in their pacts with the
Slavs and the intolerable financial and commercial relations between
Magyar and Slav, and on the other by the scandals of the Aerenthal
administration and the anti-Slav policies of both him and Yon
Thus far the pot has been boiling quite satisfactorily for Russia.
It remains to be seen whether the other powers will not claim some
share of the pottage.
O AN FRANCISCO'S pride will be stimulated by the announce-
ment that the city has acquired the greater portion of the land
needed for the civic center. As reported by the board of public
j works and the city attorney's office, the city
can acquire all the land between Van Ness
avenue and Larkin street and Hayes and Mc-
Allister streets which is needed for the civic
I group and have a balance of between
$1,000,000 and $1,500,000 with which to acquire the necessary land
bordering on the old city hall site.
The auditorium site has been secured. The opera house will be
on the old city hall site, and the land is, of course, available. Most
of thje land for the city hall is now in possession of the city and
negotiations for the rest are well under way. The greater part of
the land needed for the library has been acquired.
There has been little noise about the acquisition by the city of
these great holdings. The city attorney's office has devoted itself
steadily to the work at hand and good progress has been made.
The plans for the city hall and other buildings are being drawn
and construction work can start in time for the city hall, the audi
torium, the opera house and the library to be finished by 1915. Pos
sibly the state building will be completed by that time.
San Francisco's work on the civic center doesn't show now, but
', • Y\aln(r Ar\nr* in o wo"vr fViat a> ill cru~»ri Kriner r#»ciili~«
We rather expected the girls taking part in "The Campus
Mouser" to be kittenish.
THE best proof of the fairness of the Panama canal tolls promul
gated by President Taft Is the announcement from the office of
the Hamburg-American Steamship company that an agent of that
line will soon be in this city to close negotia
tions for dockage facilities at this port.
Representatives of all the great steamship
lines of the world have been considering San
Francisco as a port of call with the opening of
the canal, but the Hamburg-American line seems most punctual in
As has been repeatedly indicated, the importance to California
of direct communication with Europe can not be underestimated.
The benefit to come will be double. Not only will desirable immi
grants be brought to California to settle and develop the country,
adding thousands of acres to the productive units of the state, but
with the establishment of fast, cheap freight lines from California
ports to Europe the market for California products will be multiplied
by as many times as there are foreign ports with which we have
That will give us a multiplication table worth going back to school
to learn. When a country can thrive in proportion to the arithmetical
tables it is doing well, but when the geography is multiplied by the
figures, then it has Prosperity.
SAN FRANCISCO'S waters are under a critical eye for the time
being. It is to be hoped that they will so behave that the
greatest yachtsman of them all will approve and will do all in
iis power to have an international yacht race
ield on their billowy surface in 1<715.
Sir Thomas Lipton, the greatest single
landed cup challenger of the world, is in the
city at present and will be consulted by the
yachting interests of the world concerning the prospects of a great
boat race to be held on the Pacific.
But it is not for our own advantage or the glory of our waters
that we extend a greeting to Sir Thomas Lipton. He is a guest the
city is proud to entertain; a distinguished merchant, who made his
way to fortune and great riches by the exercise of his talents; a
great sportsman, who. single handed, has tried to lift the American
challenge cup against the combined efforts of the yachtsmen of New
York. While he has never succeeded—and, good luck to him, may
he never succeed at that—America has always a welcome for him,
for without Lipton on the sea to contend against how could we know
that we are a great yachting nation?
May the stay of Sir Thomas in San Francisco be a pleasure to
him. May he come back to us again with a yacht in 1915.
It must be cheering news to Santa Claus to learn that maybe
he can ride on the Geary street railway when next he comes to town.
is not a punishment—it is a chance," says Ida M.
j TarbelL writing of the New York state reformatory for women
at Bedford, in the American Magazine. "Good Will to
I Woman" is the suggestive title for a Christmas
magazine paper which Miss Tarbell employs
in this article, dealing with a new method of
reformatory work, which describes a reform-
J atory that reforms more patently than it incar
cerates. In the usual reformatory the accent is not on the reform.
But this Xew York institution, as Miss Tarbell says, is not a
punishment, but a chance. The women committed to it are prepared
for a practical purpose in the world when their terms have expired
or they are paroled. The inmates are between the ages of 16 and 30
and are sent to the institution for offenses against the law. Yet the
records of the institution show that of the 668 who were paroled from
"Good Will to
EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE CALL
among the first 1,000 inmates 393 were reported subsequently as
having "done well."
The method of the school is to gain the confidence, train the
attitudes and establish the self-respect of the girls whose previous
wayward lives had brought them under control of the law. It is
found that few of the girls had a chance in childhood. Society is
making a tardy reparation. Normal out of doors life, lack of physical
restraint—no bars or walls—contribute to vitalize the girls' good
impulses, and the aim of the institution is accomplished.
New York has led in this work, but other stated should follow
by humanely dealing with women and girl offenders. Chief of Police
White has adopted tl.e humane principle of handling women prisoners
at the hall of justice, but meritorious as it is, the transient character
of city prison confinement can not have a lasting effect for good,
however effective it may be for evil.
The state should copy New York's act, should apply New York's
New York is to have another six day bicycle race. We may well
feel proud that we live in a sane city.
T A 7ILLTAM JENNINGS BRYAN'S name turns up quite natur-
Yy ally in any conversation about President elect Wilson's cabinet.
It is presumed in Washington that the democratic president
will offer a portfolio to the democratic leader.
The only question which arouses speculation
is whether the former candidate will accept.
Bryan intends to have a great deal to say about
the Wilson administration. Will he say it in
the sanctuary of cabinet meetings or in the open?
If the Nebraskan intends to have an influence in the Wilson
administration he should take a cabinet office, instead of being a free
lance of the party in power. To he a critic of the administration
when it is of one's own party takes more of discretion and tact, of
"fortitude and delicacy" than to be a critic when your party is out.
Bryan is a propagandist at all times and places, and there will be
The cause of humanely progressive legislation would find an
ardent sympathizer in Bryan in a cabinet position, and a worthy
champion. By many qualities of leadership, by honesty, experience
and close study of national problems for decades, Bryan is fitted to
serve his country among the president's official counselors.
Many democrats inimical to both Wilson and Bryan will strive
with all their arts to cause a disruption between the present and
the leader. It is a task for the full strength of those strong men to
preserve their relations in peace for the good of their party and
their own advantage.
The evil is cured. An authority says that women bridge players
incur baldness by pulling their front hair as they meditate on the
game. Now women will stop playing—or meditating.
ANSWERS TO QUERIES
NAPOLEON—W. 8.. City. Where wii Napo
leon I bornT
Ajacclo. in the island of Corsica.
* * ♦
LATIN QUOTATlON—Subscriber, Sonth San
Francisco. What In the meaning of "Aut nun
quam tentes aut preflcae" ?
It means "Either never attempt any
thing, or accomplish it, bring it to
bear, determine to bring: it to a suc
* * *
BASEBALL AVEKAGE—A. F., City. How Is
baseball average computed?
Batting—Divide the total basehlts
by total times at bat. Fielding—Di
vide number of chances accepted by
total chances. Standing of teams—Di
vide total games won by games played.
* * *
TALL Bt!ILDINGS_A. 8.. City. Why to it
that San Francisco baa not built 30 and 40 atory
skyscrapers, like there are in Nerr York?
Because the time has Hot yet arrived
when it is good business policy for the
property owner to erect such build
* * *
REINFOBCED CONCRETE —A. 8., City.
Where and what is the name of the largest
office concrete building In the United States?
That distinction is claimed for the-
Pacific building at Market and Fourth
streets in this city.
A SOLDIER'S RIGHTS—I* H. H.. Oakland.
What «r* the rlghu of t Teteran of the civil
war to take up public land?
The law says, "Every private soldier
and officer who has served In the army
•k iw Un, i ed States during the recent
rebellion for 90 days, and who was
honorably discharged and has re
mained loyal to the government, shall
be entitled .to enter upon, and receive,
patents for- a quantity of public lands
not exceeding 160 acres, or one-quarter
section to be taken in compact form,
according: to legal subdivisions, in
cluding the alternate reserved Sections
of public lands along the line of any
railroad or other public work, not
otherwise reserved or appropriated,
and other lands subject to entry un
der the homestead laws of the United
v ,f S i ut such homestead settler
shall be allowed six months after lo
cating his homestead and filing his
declaratory statement, within which to
commence hi a settlement and improve
"The time the soldier served in the
army Is deducted from the time here
l,l c required to perfect title, or if
discharged on account of wounds re
ceived, or disability Incurred In the
line of duty, then the term of enlist
ment ehall be deducted."
By GEORGE FITCH,
Author of "At Good Old Siwaeh/ ,
AN uml>rella is a circulating me
dium which passes from hand to
hanil like money.
Trnbrellas are designed to keep
the rain off of the wearer's hat and de
posit It or his shoulders. They are
made of cloth stretched tightly over
steel r:os. The rib is tho umbrella's
vital point. A man may break a rib
or even have It shot away and still live
to become president, but when an um
brella breaks a rib it is good only to
lend to a personal friend.
Umbrellas are so made that they
can be opened and closed with great
ease except when the owner Is trying
to get into or out of a street car. When
an umbrella is brought Into the house
it is folded up neatly and stood In a
corner to drain. On a wet day enough
water \& carried into the houses of this
nation by umbrellas to fill the big lock
of the Panama canal.
Umbrella 3 were invented In England
many yeais ago, and when the first
umbrella ov/ner appeared on the streets
he was stoned by the indignant popu
lare whi 'h foresaw the trouble it was
going to have keeping Its eyes free
from the noxious things in bad
Wearing an umbrella requires as
much skill as tacking a ship in a
heavy wind. An experienced naviga
tor can carry a large umbrella through
a gale of wind and rain successfully,
but the green hand is compelled to
push it before him and mow down
pedestrians in rbws.
(C<n)yright;i 1912, ibylGeorge; Matthew .'-.;.•; .
PERSONS IN THE NEWS
MRS. GRAHAM BABCOCK of New York heads
a private car party staying at the Palace.
The group includes Miss Christina Burtls, Mr.
end Mrs. A, D. Converse of New York and
W. A. Dawney and C. W. Mac Lean of Brock
mills, Canada. They have been touring
through Canada and visited Yoeemlte on their
* * *
GEORGE WINGFIELD, the Nevada mining mil
lionaire, is at the St. Francis. He Is here
on a short business trip and will return to
Nevada tomorrow. He expecte to take part
In the blue rock shoot and«goose dinner to be
given In Sacramento, November 24.
* # ♦
MILLER FREEMAN, a well known yachtsman
of Seattle, arrived from the north last evening ■
to attend a congress of yachting men Who
have arranged with Sir Thomas Upton to
discuss an international race here in 1915.
* * *
SIMPSON FINNELL of Newvllle. 1. W. Bees.
a merchant of Red Blnff, and Newton Moore, a
business man of Los Angeles, are among the
recent arrivals at the Manx.
* * #
FREDERICK BAIN, chief clerk of the Palace
hotel, returned to his duties yesterday sfter
two weeks' sickness. He was conflaed to his
bed with pneumonia.
* # #
W. L. HELKIE, a druggist of Sacramento, and
t<. M. Channel, a real estate dealer of Glenn
Ellen, are recent arrivals at the Argonaut.
* * #
C. D. BEATON, a druggist of Omaha, is at the
St. Francis with Mrs. Beaton. They are on *
their way to the Hawaiian Islands.
* ♦ *
T. W. H. SHANAHAN, state senator from Red
ding, who was sponsor of the free text book
bill, Is a guest at the Palace.
* * *
CAPTAIN H. NEAVE, Lientenant E. Capland
Griffiths and H. L. Evans of London have
apartments at the Palace.
* * *
R, D. MERRILL, a business man of Seattle, Iβ
at the Bt. Francis with Mrs. Merrill. They
are here visiting friends.
* * #
W. D. BROOKINGS, a leading business man of
Bedlands, la at the Bellevne.
After the Trouble
I By Ihe POET PHILOSOPHER j
OH, now the vanquished statesman
kicks and murmurs while the
victor sings; but let's forget stale
politics, and try to think of helpful
things. If any man rears up and triea
to thrash the threadbare issues o'er,
lets biff him one* betwixt the eyes
e,nd take him home upon a door. The
land the dippy eagle guards without
our effort* can make good; let's take
the tin cans from the yards, and bank
the house, and whack up wood. Let's
see the kids have decent rags when
to the schoolhouse they parade; our old
palladiums and flags and bulwarks do
not need our aid. Let's fill our homes
with true delight and see the wives
and children laugh, while Freedom on
her mountain height is sitting for a
photograph. Let's help the wife who
daily slaves among her tubs and pots
and pans, the while the spangled ban
ner waves above a crowd of also rans.
Let's quit this thing of talking big of
Vital Themes and Peepul's woes, and
give some bedding to the pig. and put
away the garden hose. Oh, let us for
a while be sane and fix the porch and
mend the pump, and let the musty old
campaign lie dead and rotting at the
Her Natural Protector
"O Clara, we had a dreadful scare
this morning, a burglar scare," said
"Mrs. Fink. "There was a frightful noise
about 2 o'clock, and I got up. I turned
on the light and looked down, to see a
man's legs sticking out from under the
"Mercy! how dreadful! The bur
"No, my dear, my husband's. Hβ had
heard the noise, too."—Youth's Com
Admirable by Comparison
"You people around here don't seem
to attach great importance to members
of the legislature," said the man with
the frock coat.
"Well," replied Farmer Corntossel,
"when you think how much less work
it is to send a man to the legislature
than it is to raise a bushel of potatoes
you can't help turnin' your admirin'
attention to the potatoes."—Washing
Needed No Stretch
"Can you imagine," demanded the
returned explorer, "the enormous ex
tent of those vast snowflelds?"
"I kin," declared the statesman from
Wayback. "I had the same sensation
the first time I appeared in public
wearing a dress shirt."—Washington
"Enough water Iβ carried into the
houHCD at this nation by umbrella* to
fill the bin lock of the Panama ca
Umbrellas are made In great variety
and r.umbers, but their cost Iβ un
known. Very few people pay for um
brella's. At a rule a man's umbrellas
are the etsets of hfs absent minded
ness. Umbrellas and lead pencils are
two articles which can be stolen with
out endangering the reputation. The
easiest v-ay to obtain an umbrella is to
step up to a total stranger and claim
the one he is carrying. Ten to one he
will apologize ac he hands it over.
Somewhere in this world are the
devoted few who buy the umbrellas for
the millions, but no one has as yet
started an agitation to erect a monu
ment tn their memory.
JAMES F. GILES, a director of the American
herd rubber company of New York, is at the
Palace. During bis etay here be will ar
range with tbe exposition forces for an elabo
rate display in the building of Mechanical
* * *
T. V. GORDON, an oil operator of Loe Angeles;
John G. Martin. F. B. Hutchins, Theodore M.
Newman, a theatrical man. and W. E. Miller
make up a group of yesterday's arrivals from
Lβ* Angeles who haTe apartments at the
* * *
BARON A, YON DE ROPP of New Tork. who
Is associated with John Haye Hammond in hie
mining enterprises, is a guest at tbe St.
Francis. Hβ was formerly general manager of
tbe Selby smelting company in Vallejo Junc
* * *
H. B. SEED and James Finuell, land operators
of Chico, motored to this city yesterday and
registered at the Palace.
* # *
THEODORE LUCE, John Vf. Anderson and
George O. Begg, business men of Detroit, are
guests at the Palace.
* * ♦
JOHN M. BOISBON and wife of Plttubnrg. are
at tbe Union Square. Bolsson is a retired
* * »
H. S. CUNNINGHAM, a banker of Buffalo, N.
V., Is et the Belleview accompanied by Mr«.
* # ♦
ALDEN ANDERSON is down from Sacramento
with Mrs. Anderson. Tney.have apartments
at the Palace.
* * #
X. TAIBOT, port commissioner of Portland. Iβ
here on business and is staying at the St.
* # #
JOHN H. BOPER, former adjutant general of
the national guard of Hawaii, is staying at the
* # *
GEORGE H. BAIXANTYNE, a mining man of
Elko, NeT., la registered at the Union Square.
* * *
0. X. CAJEWBELL, a well known attorney of
Ban Lola Obtepo, is a meat at the Argonaut.
) NOVEMBER 19, 1912
ON behalf o'
have to g-et vi
early In the morn
ing I made a re
quest -the othei
day asking thos<
that had solved or simplified the prob
lem of the 6 or 7 o'clock a. m. break
fast to send in an outline of their
Mr. and Mrs. Newlywed of Oaklaml
are the first to respond. Their plan
is a dandy, particularly for Mrs. New
lywed. It enables her to satisfy hrr
conscience by getting hubby's break
fast without causing more than a slight
break in her own beauty sleep.
Before retiring at night Mrs. New
lywed makes the breakfast coffee,
which she pours, piping hot, Into a
thermos bottle large enough to hold
four cups. She slices the bread for
toast and wraps the slices in a damp
cloth. Bread, thermos bottle, a plate
of fruit, the necessary plates, cupp,
knives, forks and spoons , are all placed
on a small table beside the bed. On
this same table is a small electric
When the alarm clock announces the
arrival of a new day Mr. Newlywed
gets up, firmly but gently arouses the
lady and turns the switch that puts
life into the stove. While he takes
his , bath and shaves, Mrs. Newlywed
boils the eggs and makes the toast.
As soon as he is dressed Newlywed
goes down to the back porch and gets
the cream that the milkman left dur
ing the night, Hβ returns to find
At the conclusion of the meal he
gives her a kiss,' tells her that he will
be home Just as early as possible and
that she must not, on any account,
work too hard about the house. She
tells him that the day will be so terribly
long without him and won't he please
take care of himself. Hβ leaves for
the city. She goes back to slumber -
* » ♦
I hope she enjoys those sleeps. There
may come a time when hubby, who
now—particularly on cold mornings—
feels himself a slave to duty, may have
the easier job of the two. There will
be no after breakfast sleeps then. In
stead of an alarm clock there will be
insistent cries of: "Mother, it is time
to get up?" it will take more than a
few slices of toast and a thermos bot
tle to quell that kind of a riot and it
won't stay quelled very long, either.
# # *
Speaking , of the human alarm clocks
with which every well regulated house
hold is provided, here is a ferry tajp
that I overheard on the steamer Clare- <m
mont. It was told to illustrate the in- W
nate perversity of the small boy.
She had three boys, she explained.
By way of discipline she insists upon
their doing a certain amount of v»m k
around the house or yard on Satur
day mornings. After breakfdst each
is given a task to which he must ap
ply himself for one hour. They go to
work grumbling and they growl likr>
three small bears during the period of
enforced activity. They "soldier ,, with
out shame, loaf at every opportunity
and watch the clock with unremitting
There is no need to blow a whistle,
when quitting time comes. Before the
clock has finished striking, rakes, hoes,
shovels, brooms are hurled into the
cellar with a crash and the I*>orers
disappear to keep one ©* Oom rSI im
portant engagements of. whieTS e\
small boy has an endless' supply on
hand at all times.
They disappeared last Saturday aa
usual. They had growled more than
usual at the hardship involved in that
hour of toil and their mother was sur
prised to hear them in the basement
It was only for a few minutes, how
ever. Half an hour later she heard
them again. There was another in
terval of silence and once more the
basement was inva-ded. She investi
gated and found that nearly a ton of
ashes for the removal of which sho
had expected to pay the garbage man
an extra fee, had been taken away.
The job had never been done so thor
oughly but she supposed that her hus
band had hired some one to do it.
Even as she pondered over the pleas
ant surprise there appeared the thre»
small boys. Hair, face, hands and
clothes, were gray with ashes. It
would be no small task to clean the
laborers, but In view of what they had
accomplished and particularly because
they had voluntarily sacrificed a morn
ing: of play to do It, she overlooked
the dirt. She was not, however, able
to overcome her curiosity. Moving a
ton of asbes is no small job under any
circumstances', but when the trans
portation is limited to a small wooden
box and a coaster it become* an un
dertaking , of some magnitude.
"Whatever induced you boye to spend
the whole morning working? , ! she In
'"Working?" they replied In chorus.
"We ain't been workin', 'we've been
flxin" our baseball diamond."
* * ♦
Which shows that Mr. Squeers of
Dotheboys Hall knew Bompthing aubout
kids after all
Cross hatched elbows have been
called In. Just because his wife don't
chew or smoke th , average husband
can't understand wh7 she ahould want