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JUDGE WELLER MAY BE
NEEDED OBJECT LESSON
WHATEVER the outcome of the agitation among the women
of the city against Police Judge Weller—whether or not he is
forced to fsce a recall election —at least the movement will
serve a useful purpose in drawing public attention to the sorest spot
the Dody politic, the police court system.
The specific charge aimed at Judge Weller is that he reduced ,
the bail of a man charged with a despicable offense against a girl,
thus undoing the work of another department of the same court s
far that the defendant got his liberty and then disappeared. Tl:
women complain that Judge Wellcr has clone this sort of thin,
berore. They arc tired of'it, they say, and it is their purpose, acting
in me name of womanhood, to invoke the recall against him. This
they can easily do —and if they do, probably they will pry Judge
Weller out of his job.
As far as we arc informed, the only defense of the accused judge
is that he merely followed police court precedent and practice. It
is vicious precedent and wicked practice and it ought to be stopped.
The recalling of Judge Wellcr would doubtless have that effect.
But this Weller affair IS only one angle of the police court
problem. The system works wrong because it is built wrong. The
fundamental trouble is that the police courts are as deep in politics
&s t-vtr. Naturally, it is the worst possible kind of politics—the
kind dominated and financed by the most evil influences in the com
munity. The police court is the meeting point of the forces of organ
ized society and the forces of vice and crime. In it the "underworld"
and the other world are intimately in contact. That fact makes it a
point of corruption.
But big results have had smaller beginnings. Maybe the turn
ing of the spotlight on Judge Weller will enable the people to see
what is the matter with their courts of the lower justice and that
would be going a long way toward correction of the evil.
When complaint is made of police inaction or incompetency the
familiar reply and defense is that the police courts are to blame—
that they insist upon the impossible in the way of evidence; that
they are ever ready to turn loose law violators on any t excuse; that
they are constantly amenable to "pull"; that the judges are always
"doing politics" for themselves; that it is little use to arrest any
body with money or powerful friends or political strength.
Doubtless this is all true enough. The mayor can clean up the
police department. Probably that will soon be done, now that the
police commission is under the control of the administration. But
the people themselves will have to do the cleaning up of the police
courts. That process will require a radical change of the system—
such a change as will give the judges longer terms and better pay,
thus attracting to this department better men, and as will make it
unnecessary for them to play politics. It should, indeed, be such a
change as will imperil the job of any police court judge detected in
mixing politics with his justice.
Judge Weller appears to be near the point of providing the
public and the police courts with a needed object lesson. Thereby
he will serve a greater purpose than by anything he might do in
the ordinary course of business in his tribunal. His offending and
'jmnishment may lead to the cleaning up of the worst mess left in
l)ie city's government.
If the "wildcat"' artists had their way there wouldn't be enough
"blue sky" law left to patch a pair of breeches.
Will the proposed tax on motorcycles be graduated to fit the
State Should Extend Its Aid to Banks in
Stricken Citrus Belt
CALIFORNIA will have the opportunity to do its part in extend
ing aid to the frostbitten southern California district by deposit
ing state funds in the amount of $1,000,000 in southern banks.
With the citrus belt orchardists deprived by the unprecedented cold
snap of an expected income of probably $25,000,000, there must be
need for financial aid. As has been pointed out in The Call, while
the loss suffered by the orchardists is serious in the extreme and
discouraging, the industry is one of the most prosperous known to
man, and the credit of the farmers will be sufficient to tide them over
this lean year. But they will have to draw against that credit and
there will be an unusual demand on southern California banks for
To meet this demand those banks on which the stress will come
must be assisted, and the state can do that in a legitimate way by
depositing state funds with the institutions. Under the law state
funds can be placed with a state or national bank at 2 per cent inter
est per annum, the loan to be protected by the bank depositing with
the state treasurer certain accredited public bonds.
Legislators from the southern districts have appealed to the
governor to have $1,000,000 placed to the credit of banks and there is
no question that it will be quickly done, as it should be.
There is no occasion for a financial upset in southern California.
The loss suffered is but temporary. Next year will find the southern
orchardist wiping off the slate the debts he may have to contract
Suppose Woodrow Wilson should ride his trusty bicycle up
I'cnnsylvania avenue on March 4.
The allies have not found much discomfort in sitting on the
Lowell High School Cafeteria in Line
With Modern Educational Idea
MAN does not live by bread alone, nor do children live by books
alone. It is fully understood at the new Lowell high school
that iood for the body, as well as for the mind, is necessary
to the welfare ot growing youth. In the basement of the handsome
school building at Hayes street and Masonic avenue is a cafeteria
where at absolute cost the pupils may secure good, wholesome
The low figure at which the food is served— roast beef at 8 cents
bread and butter at 2 cents and pastries at 4 cents, with vc-etables
and salads at corresponding prices— puts a substantial meal within
the reach of nearly every pupil. The use to which this adjunct will
be largely put is to supplement the lunch basket brought from home
On stormy or cold days, when hot food is necessary to keep up the
vitality, the cafeteria will prove a real boon to the children
While .the practice of serving food in public schools is new to
San Francisco, it has been introduced successfully in other cities
At the east the matter of supplying food free to needy children is
receiving attention. The whole purpose of the public school system
is to supply the state with the best possible type of citizens and it!
EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE CALL
"AND THEY CALL THAT COLD!"
is recognized that a weak, ill nourished body is as great a handicap
in life as an ill nourished mind. Since the days of the Latins the
maxim, roughly translated, "A sound body gives a sound mind"
has been quoted and reiterated, but it is only within this decade that
the state has applied that rule to the public schools and conserved
the body as well as trained the mind.
The skin of puppies is being grafted on the legs of a St. Louis
boy. Will his shins bark?
New England's "Mild Weather" Com
pared With California's "Severity"
JUST by way of humorous comparison, Californians, remember
ing the weather of Tuesday, when San Francisco enjoyed a
temperature of 36 degrees, Fresno of 24 and Los Angeles of 28,
and recalling the snow burdened air of yesterday morning, may
cheerfully consider the following paragraph from the Boston Tran
script of January 2:
The mildness that ushered in the new year has lasted over into the
second day. The extremes of minimum temperature for New England
have been from 14 degrees at Northfield, Vt., to 40 degrees at Block island
The day opened with a brilliant sunrise, but began to get hazy during the
fqrenoon, and increasingly so at midday. The lowest point to which the
temperature dropped here was 34 degrees, and the noon record was 44,
with the sky thinly overcast and the wind in the southwest. The readings
last year were 24 and 34 degrees.
One man's food is another man's poison; one man's cold is
another man's mildness of temperature.
Meteorologically there is no common ground of comparison
between California and New England, nor any common degrees of
latitude. California lies between the thirty-second and forty-third
degrees, roughly in similar position to the states of Georgia and
New Jersey and the intervening territory. New England lies be
tween the forty-fourth and forty-seventh degrees. Furthermore,
California's coast is protected by warm ocean currents. So New
England can not possibly compete with us in mildness of climate,
but it is interesting for us to know what Boston considers "mild."
Assemblyman Ryan would make chiropodists toe the mark as
well as mark the toe.
The old maid seals must have a strong lobby in Washington.
Dr. Campbell Sheds Scientific Light on
Cheshire Cats of the Sky
ASTRONOMY as an exact science can hold its own with medi
cine and the computation of aeroplane records. No sooner is
one discovery achieved and printed into the literature of the
subject than a new telescope makes a higher altitude record and
brings down another truth from this side of infinity, quite to upset
the earlier assumption.
Now our popular belief about the steadfastness of the star is
overturned. There are some stars no more steadfast than the pas
senger carrying record for monoplanes.
Dr. William Wallace Campbell, director of Lick observatory,
has discovered that many stars are fickle in their light: that at times
they glow and at times they are dim and disappear. Doctor Camp
bell, like another Alice in that Wonderland he knows so well, the
heavens, has identified the Cheshire cats of the firmament, the stars
that gleam and fade.
This intermittent incandescence of stars, according to Doctor
Campbell, is due to the dying and dead stars, the stars on which
infinite time has hung the shutters of desuetude, colliding in their
blind ambulations with clusters of celestial particles, meteorites,
or "resisting media," as the lucid astronomical phrase goes. The
contact of these particles with the old, dead, darkened sun creates
a friction which causes the late lamented star to glow with life again,
pluck up pride of being and smile on the earth. As its shambling
orbit continues, it drifts out of the shower of meteorites, the friction
ceases and the glow departs. The Cheshire cat of the heavens fades.
To the astronomical world Doctor Campbell has rendered a
marked scientific service. He has identified the temporary stars and
explained their short glory. To the general public Doctor Campbell
has furnished an animated subject of conversation about the rural
store stove while the pastoral folk await the coming of the parcel
post man. And to George Sterling, poet and stenographer to the
stars. Doctor Campbell has given the ultimate literary boon, a new
figure of speech.
By THE POET PHILOSOPHER
At S o'clock on New Year's day, I
heard Bill Wax, my neighbor, say:
•'This year will see me leave the hole
in which I've long immersed my soul;
that hole is Debt, and from its deeps
I'll drag myself, this time for keeps.
My bank account must be enlarged;
I'll buy no goods and have them
charged; collectors won't be on my
track, nor bailiffs camped around my
shack. I'll cut out porterhouse and
pie, and pay for everything I buy, and
when the year is' growing gray I'll
have a bundle put away. This vow
I surely won't forget—l'm bound to
take a fall from Debt!" For many
years on New Year's day old William
Wax has talked this way; he's asked
the gods to witness vows as rigid as
the law allows, and for two weeks or
maybe three old Bill's as righteous as
can be. And then he sees a watch or
gun he needs so bad! He has no mon,
and so he has the blamed thing
chalked; and then, such weary roads
he's walked, he buys a horse to rest
his frame, and gives his note—the same
old game; and when the year is grow
ing old the merchants clamor for their
gold, and Bill's afraid to go out doors
to be run down by creditors. Alas for
Bill! Alas for all who have their backs
against the wall, their noses on the
grinding stone, because they can't let
Debt alone! WALT MASON
FRANK A. MILLER, proprietor of the Mission
Inn hotrl at Kivcreidc, and Mrs. Miller arrived
In San Francisco yesterday, en route home from
an extended trip through Florida and to Wash
ington, I). C. TUe couple registered at the
Pala -c. Miller, who is au opponent of the
eight hour law for hotel employes. Is testing
the legality of the act before the highest
courts in the country. It is understood that
ho conferred with Secretary of the Interior
Fisher about obtaining a concession for a
hotel in the Yosemite park. Miller refused to
say what success be achieved.
♦ ♦ »
P. MARINO and wife and Miss Silvia Rlccagn!
of Fortland are guests at the Fairmont. Mrs.
James K. KUwards of Santa Rosa and Miss
Mary Rockwell of Kansas City, both socially
well known on the coast, were among other
guests who arrived at the Fairmont yesterday
* * *
P. W. MILTON, a business man of Oornin*.
Cal.; F. F. Ford, a real estate dealer at Oro
ville. aud O. H. Miller, secretary of the Cali
fornia Development company at Sacramento,
were among arrivals yesterday at the Argo
T. J. A. MAYER, president of the Pacific Under
writers' association of Portland, and Mrs.
Mayer are guests at the St. Francis. Mayer
i* in San Francisco to attend the annual con
vention, which convenes here next Tuesday.
* * *
P. S. SMITH, millionaire mine owner and horse
man of Lou Angeles, is staying at the Palace
with his family on a visit to complete arrange
ments to establish, his residence in San Fran
E. D. MARSHALL ami C. 11. Selby, both Loe
Angeles business men, are guests at the Stew
art. Fred Uyskln and wife of Portland are
also staying at the Stewart.
* * *
MRS. B. DICKINSON of Bon r.otnond and Mrs.
P. G. Gray of Winchester are guests at the
Manx. Mrs. Dickinson owns large interests
near Ben Lomond.
* * *
W. W. SARGENT, a fruit packer of Fresno, and
A. P. Brunncr. a business man of Uklah, were
among yesterday's arrivals at the Union
W. ROBERTSON, a merchant of Fresno, and E.
A. Berumne. a mining engineer of Mexico,
were among other arrivals at the Manx yes
DR. C. W. CORNELIUS of Portland, a well
known financier and ownpr of b<AH property
In that city, is registered at the St. FraDcis.
* * *
H. E. YON CLEMENTS TTERKIRTZ and wife
of Washington, D. ('.. arrived In San Francisco
yesterday and are staying at the St. Francis.
* » •
I. WENTWOBTH, a T.os Anglos promoter, and
Geraltl P. Allen. ji lumberman of Seattle, are
recent arrivals ot the Bellevue.
* * *
F. B. CHAPIN of Toronto. Can., who has oxton
sire oil n>tds In various parts of California, is
a guest at the Palacr
Vaudeville Is a theatrical perform
ance in which the patron has nine
chances of being pleased.
In a drama or a tragedy the theater
goer stakes his two dollars on one
chance. If he doesn't like the play he
can get up and go home, leaving his $2
a total |ftut
In vaudeville lie may be deeply of
fended by the fat man with a gaspipe
larynx who sings a coon song as if he
were drowning in midocean and was
shouting for help. He may despise the
trained dogs and may be able to name
the century in which each of the mono
logist's jokes was invented. But, on
the other hand, the fair young girl with
the violin may captivate him. the one
act skit may make him weep with joy
and the pianist who "plays arpeggios
with his feet may cause him to go forth
and drag his friends in to the next per
formance by the neck if necessary.
Vaudeville is a museum of stage art
and novelties with the accent almost
entirely on the novelty. The best
singer in the world would draw well in
vaudeville, but a dog who could sing
would jam the house. The president of
the United States could command $3,000
a week for making two short speeches
a day; but if, in addition, he would
jump through a hoop he could get
$10,000 a week. The most beautiful
woman in the world would be a great
vaudeville attraction, but if eKa could
arrange to get acquitted of the murder
of her husband in advance her salary
would be doubled.
An ideal vaudeville bill would con
sist of a few new songs, a few old
jokes, a trained codfish, two comedians
who throw pianos at each other, a
drama boiled down into 15 minutes, a
couple of singers with nervous, stac
cato feet, a grand opera star, a singer
who accompanies herself on a wash
boiler with barrel staves, a lecture by
a baseball pitcher and a juggler who
recites Browning while keeping three
lighted lamps in the air.
Vaudeville succeeds not because it
pleases somebody all of the time, but
because it pleases everybody part of
the time. If the man who has invested
two hours and 75 cents in a vaudeville,
performance gets 15 minutes of solid
enjoyment and half an hour of satis
faction he goes home pleased and comes
again. Millions of people are now at
tending vaudeville and millions more
would do so if some sate and painless
anesthetic could be provided for use
during the acts which do not please.
TALKIXfi FASTER Hi CONGRESS
"Whether it Is due to the age or
something else, it is a fact that mem
bers of the house of representatives
have increased the average speed at
which they talk during proceedings of
the house approximately 2T> per cent,"
remarked Sam 11. Gray of Pennsylvania,
one of the house corps of stenogra
phers. "I do not mean to say that the
maximum speed limit has been in
creased, but fully 50 men in the house
now talk at a high rate of speed where
one reached the maximum a few years
ago. Former Representative Charles
Littletield of Maine, had the reputation
of being the fastest talker in the house
when I went to work there. His
average for four hours on one occasion
was 1'.»6 words a minute, which is
'going some." Until Mr. Littlefleld en
tered congress the record was held by
Henry U. Johnson of Indiana, and the
latter was the only man, I am told
by my associates, who talked so fast
that a double check was necessary,
that is, two stenographers taking him
at the same time.
"In the present house there are
several men who talk almost as rapidly
as Mr. Johnson talked, notably Mr.
Martin of South Dakota. and Mr.
Murray of Massachusetts. Others ex
ceed Mr. Littlefleld. The average speed,
however, while much greater than it
used to be, is not more, I should say,
than 150 words a minute. Some mem
bers talk as slowly as 80 words a
IT'S DIFFERENT XOW
At the beginning of the eighteenth
century the usual fees to physicians
and surgeons in England were "to a
graduate in physick, his due is about
10 shillings, though he commonly ex
pects or demands 20. Those that are
only licensed physicians, their due is
no more than 6 shillings and 8 pence,
though they commonly demand 10 shil
"A surgeon's fee is 12 pence a mile,
be his journey near or far, 10 groats to
set a bone broke or out of joint, and
for letting blood 1 shilling: the cutting
or amputation of any limb is 5 pounds,
but there Is no settled fee for the cure."
The system of regulating the fee ac
cording to the pocket of the patient is
almost as old as history.—Westminster
ON GETTING A COOK
It is harder to got a good cook than
to get a good architect, henker. carpen
ter, financier, geographer, herald, il
luminer, jobber, king, lawyer, metal
lurgist, navigator, obstetrician, philo
logian, quarryman, restaurateur, sino
logue, thaumatugo, uplifter. violinist.
wizard, xylographcr, yogi, zoologist.—
New York Sun.
"Her eyes flashed fire,"
This from a book.
And next: "She froze
Him with a look.'"
—Detroit Free Press.
"She dropped her eyes,"
The author wrote;
Yet they were not
Of glass, we note.
"Her countenance fell,"
Though she was tall
It was not dam-
Aged by the fall.
—New Haven Register.
"She dropped her voice,
She was so stirred"—
Then we read on—
"And broke her word."
"She rang him up."
The story goes.
And, now they're wed.
She wrings the clothes.
Tlv hardest thing fer some folks
V t-tand is ther neighbors , prosper
ity. Lots o" women make ther hus
. bands carve th , turkey ji&t V show
JANUARY 10, 1913 ]
He dropped into
the S. Jf. informa
tion bureau at the
ferry depot to ask
if his ticket would
permit him to break
the journey be
tween here and Los
Angeles In such a way, as to avoid the
expense of a Pullman berth. II« was
from Galesburg. 111,, and he was going:
home from Los Angeles over the Santa.
He was 82 years of ape. he explained
to the agent in the information bureau.
His well worn clothes were stained
with dust. He wore a cravat that had
been Mack, but was now a pale -green.
His collar, frayed and limp, was dark
as hie tie.
"Here's a poor. ol«l man, Mr. Plo<V
well," one of the clerks had said to th*
agent. "lie looks hungry. I gueae
you'd better talk to him."
'What kind of a ticket have
"I dunno what you'd call It," the old
man said. "Paid $107 for it back In
Plodwell gasped. This wan the prloe
of a first class, unlimited ticket, and
did not correspond with the traveler's
"\'ou have some money, I suppose?"
The traveler looked all around as If
to assure himself that nobody else
had heard the question. lie then un
buttoned his coat, his vest and hie
shirt and from the depths produced a
brick sized package of $100 bills. Hβ
flipped the edges of them with hie
thumb, favored IModwell with a confl<«
dential wink and buttoned the our.,
rency up again.
"I sold a farm." he told Plodwell. "an<X
thought I'd take a look around. Them
beds on the trains too narrer an' too
expensive. My time ain't worth muob,
now, so whenever I can I leave, the
train an' gets lodgin's. Saved $8 that
way com in" out: Goin' to do better"n
that goin' home."
Plodwell told him that he couKl
break his journey at Fresno.
"But you'll have to wait over until
tomorrow." he told him, "and I'm afraid
you'll find .San P'ranclsco about as ex*
pt-nsive as a Pullman b*>rth."
The old man winked again. "I ain't
been travelin' two weeks for nothln'. , *
he said "I've found a hotel here that
suits me first rate. Th* ain't nothin*
in Galesburg no cheaper, an , I reckon
the view ye get from the wlndys canffi
be beat nowhere."
Where is it?" asked the agent.
"Over there on the top of one off
them hills," and the ancient traveler
waved his hand toward the west.
"Not the Fairmont?" Plodwell wae
ready for anything after seeing , that
wad of currency.
"No. that ain't the name. I'm stop
ping at a place they call the Sailors'
* * ♦
They were chatting confidentially on
a Key Route train.
"Do you know," said one of them, "I
am thinking about getting married
"You don't say?" The woman leanedA.
forward, her face lighted with real in
terest. "Who is it this time?"
"I dunno exactly, but I think I'll try
an" get one of my former husbands.
It's such a job to break in a new one."
* * •*
M. R. C. Worlock is chief boatswain
of th© Rudder club. He suffered in
tensely during the recent visit of Jack
"I see by the papers," he said the
other morning, "that Los Angeles is
now bragging about being the coldest
city in California. Don't believe it.
Berkeley was the coldest place In the
world last night. Tell you what hap
pened to me. It was so cold I couldn't
sleep. Got up and filled a hot water
bag. Went to sleep with my feet
against it. Feet were numb when I
woke in the morning. Reached down
for the hot water bag. It had frozen
Otherwise Worlock's reputation for
veracity is good! Hs is now a candi
date for the job of club historian and
probably will be elected—if Los An
geles doe.s not entice him down there to
handle its publicity work.
* * *
Kight of Marin county's most loyal
commuters —they commute twelve
months in tha year—made a joint and
several resolve at the beginning of the
new year to ride through 1913 on tb«
water wagon. They woitfd not swear
off entirely, however. They all go
home on the same boat, and it was
ajrroed that every afternoon they would
all go below after the boat had passed
Alcatraz and take just one drink—the
first, last and only drink in the 24
They hewed to the line of their reso
lution until last Saturday, when OM
Nick—not the saint of that name—must
have horned in as they lined up before
the shrine of Bacchus. They had their
drink and were about to return to tho
upper regions when one of them said:
"Say, fellows, we won't see each other
tomorrow. This is Saturday, anyway.
That drink tasted pretty good to me.
Suppose we take tomorrow's drink
They did. «
"Let's have another," was the next*
suggestion. "We've really broken the
resolution, as far as today is concerned.
"We can make a fresh start Monday."
Of course, the five who hadn't bought
■would not be denied tne privilege of
playing host. Then there was that
other one "on the house." »nd as they
walked ashore at Sausalito one of them
was heard to remark:
"Wonner why 'tis tha' when a feller
gets on th' warrer wag'n th' leas' 11*1
drop 11 go 'r' his head—hie."
LARGEST BELLS—F. D. 11., Oakland. Th*
fire largest In the world are: "Tho
"Monarch" or "Ciar" at the Kremlin. Moscow,
weight 198 tons; bell at St. Ivau's church, Mos
cow. 12S tons; bell at Amarairara (the city of
thr cads), Burmali. Hβ tons.: bell in a Illn.lu
tPtnplt' at Zlllali Alloaarh. »fi tons, and the
grroat bell in tbp Kspant tel Kroto. Japan. 74
tons. "Big B«*n." at Westmiustor, Ene., weieha
only IS tons, Si cwt.
* * *
ERRORS—W. K. R.. St. Helena. Tf you wlsl,
to ascertain whether a certain publishing hoiiv
offprs a reward "for the detection of uiisspHW
words, wrongly divided words, or otittt »»rmm iv
its printed pagps of Its editions of thp bible -
you should address the piibliehing house that
issues such Pditious. This Ueyartmeut docs not
advertise private concerns.
* * *
MeOOl'PlN—Subscriber*. City. >rank McCob
pin. on.-c mayor of San FraiKTsm, wan n rami I
date for congress fmin the fourth .listrict of
California on the democratic ticket at the elec
tion Of N.iY.tnbvr 2. ISSG. He was defeated by
W. W. Unw. The ..tl)..p candidate wcro
Charios A. Sumnor and Robert Thonips.ju
* * *
BALIW|\ GAS-S.. Citr. ,;, s DM for in
f!atio S ball.K.ns is either hydrogen gas. which is
\L I? 1 ?* '"f' l "' , t!mn nir. or ..nlinarv coal
a balloon .«-r.,pi.-s h H nui-i, *~».,. m pounds
of ».r »>„] ItatM wriihs .isn ,-, U nds, it will I p
Uftcl 1..v a f,, m uf lUO pOOa4t , k
B, i E I nZ SUb : Criber ,- , CUy - * Thp BrJl, * mn-,
sfum. Limrio!). lays <■ a m to thp l«ree«t cnMn,
--o»; rlr bib ";: t f all kinds «« *» ?ss« »"<'
°"f- roof - ha» more than 4,000 different
elitloae. embracing all languaeea.