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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 15, 1913, Image 1

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THE CALL ISSUES A FOURTH EDITION AT 6 A. M. DAILY CONTAINING ALL THE LAtg WORLD AND CITY NEWS,
HlehfKt Temperature Yesterday. ."4: Lowest Monday
\iahl. 40. For details of the Weather see page 13.
The total value of gold and silver bullion
received at the United States mint, San
Francisco, in December was
$3,683,091.70
YOLI'MK CXIII.—NO. 46.
SLINGSBY'S BABY
CAUSE OF MUCH
LEGAL TROUBLE
Little Boy's Doubtful Pater
nity Sets Law Machinery
of Two Nations Running
—Two Sets of Parents
Make Confusion in Adjust
ment of Mammoth Estate
in Yorkshire, England
SECOND BROTHER IS
CONTESTING CLAIMS
Latest Parent Alleged to Be
Son of Santa Rosa Clergy
man—Doctor Fraser In
sists His Action in Case
Was for Best Interests of
Humanity and Will Not
Shirk Responsibility in
Changing the Certificate
If the little 2 year old boy now play
ing around the landmarks of Charles
the First In the environs of the his
toric Slingsby hall, Yorkshire, Eng.,
had only a Boswell to record, the cir
cumstances of his entrance into the
heirdom of the vast Slingsby fortune
the atmosphere In the neighborhood
of the district attorney's office would
be made more wholesome. As were
the two Dromios in Shakespeare's
' Comedy of Errors.'* the two sets of
parents for the little channeling have
been so bandied back and forth by
incoming testimony that Assistant Dis
trict Attorney Lewis Ferrari is be
ginning to reach that stage of per
plexity that he can not even remember
whether the child is a boy or a girl.
Yesterday's development turned the
whole case upon edge with the appear
" of witnesses to declare that n*»l
--r Lieutenant Slingsby nor Panl Col
the Santa Rosa chauffeur, is father
of the little boy who has created such a
stir, but that the real father is the son
of a minister of Santa Rosa.
IMTERMTY I\ I.OVBT
\\\ D. Grady, an attorney well known
in police circles as "Fresno Grady," vis
ited Ferrari and submitted evidence to
■ .hat Miss Lillian Anderson
I girefc birth to a child, and that
nd been much confusion and
• ts :o Who was the child's fa
r. This testimony is extremely val
the district attorney's offb c, in
t It tends further to prove the story
W W. Eraser to the effect that
nderaoa had a child and that he
I infant toMr.. Slingsby. Grady
"n attorney for Mrs. Kate Greg-
Miss Anderson, and
■ - connection he learned of
Slingsby case.
The theory that the whole story of
stltutL.n of the child of a wronged
girl for the body of a stillborn infant
IS merely racy, lost weight
Ma Ferrari learned exactly the clr
s of the English estate. The
ate. accordinc t.. Attorney Thorne,
a !._►.! at vastly more tl»an $1.000.000.
• lor the lav of entail in England the
to the first son, with the
• : • all receive an
annuity, and in the event that he has
ga| hoir this annuity shall be given
si ron of the deceased.
. tha BMagsby ostate
pounds a year, about $3,565. Tak
ing into account with this the fact that
slightly elder brother died he
come into the errtire estate,
!es the possible financial motive
•i r the second brother in establishing
gigantic conspiracy to establish a
iige that his elder brother's rightful
- !s illegitimate.
M.IVOSBY >OT lUMHn
Many friend* of Lieutenant and Mrs.
Slingsby are beginning to come to the
I tslOf) that little Charles Edward
Kugene Slingsby, admired in two conti
nents as the highest exemplification of
Slingsby rare, is in reality not aj
Slingsby at ail. He is just a little j
iovable boy, with no more conspicuous
name than "Anderson."
Dr. W. Fraser, in Weaverville. Trin- i
ity county, was arrested yesterday on
telegraphic warrant from this city
:ind shortly thereafter released on $2,i»00
bail. Weaverville telegraphic advices j
last night indicate that Doctor Fraser
in an extremely embarrassing posi
i. Weaverville is snowbound nnd
epidemic of influenza has broken
I >o<t i•! Fraser is the only physi-
Twenty of the h<*M families are
der hia care. If he leaves, the situa
tion will be serious, so comes the sad
tppeal over the wire. He is trying to
• another doctor, but doctors are
-M arc. in the far north. He sent word
St night to Ferrari that he was look
. ng for a doctor, and that if he can't
get a doctor he will ask for a continu
ance from next Monday in order to
c hia services to the patients.
t Dr. Fraaer, in Weaverville, stoutly
adhered to his original stors' that the
W little changeling Is not a Slingsby. but
merely an Anderson. He vehemently
serted that he will not shirk the re
sponsibility of the birth certificate.
"J am willing to fa.cc the cdutts at j
f_.ay time,'' he. said. '
"The People's Newspaper"
ANDROS PAGONIO
THIRTEENTH SON
| Thirteen in Story of
Progress to Citizenship of
Man of Turkish Empire
«
Andros Pagonio is starting the new
! year right. "Androa Pagonio'." count
! the letters In his name. Thirteen. Pa- j
j gonio Is a stonemason living at 951
First avenue and hails from Esperas, |
Turkey. Again 13, "Esperas, Turkey."
! As the thirteenth son he was compelled
!to leave home. Pagonio arrived here
,! March 13, 1906, and filed his petition
i for naturalisation oa January 13, 1913,
I which numbered 8013 and is recorded
on page 113 of the thirteenth volume
lof naturalization records. The record
i
ing rlerk was Gustave Sohlke. who has
'13 letters in his name. Thirteen are
I the letters in his wife's name—Giorga
> I'apronio—and Judge J. .T. Van Nostrand
j (again 13 letters), who will hear Pa
gonio's petition, remarked yesterday
that had Pagonio remained in Turkey
he might have had 13 wives. *
The sum and substance of the fore
going is that 13 thirteens have been
cited in connection with Pagonio's ef
forts to become a citizen of the United
States.
HAS FAITH IN FATHER
.nuns; Archbald S„t« Conscience of
Former Judge Is Clear
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 14.—Former
Judge Robert W. Archbald. who was
stripped yesterday of his office as a
judge of the commerce court" by the
United States senate, spent last night
at the residence of one of his sons In
this city and left today for his home in
Scranton. Pa.
The former judge declined to be in
terviewed, but his son. who spoke for
him, said:
"My father's conscience is clear. He
is soinp home to practice law. He will
start all over again. My father has
been a courteous, diligent *and good
judge. Perhaps his kindness of heart
accounts for many of his difficulties."
POSTMASTER DISAPPEARS
French Gulch Inspection Shown 52.500
Shortage After Flight
(Speria! Dispatch to The Call)
FKBNCfi GULCH, Jan. 1I -W. M.
Shuford, postmaater in French Gulch
for a year, disappeared last night, and
today Postal Inspector George A. Aus
tin reported there was a deficit of
more than $2,500. Shuford was to
have helped in a further examination
of the accounts this morning. It de
veloped that he had driven to Redding
in the night and taken a train presum
ably for San Francisco. / Shuford had
a splendid reputation. He also con
ducted a store. His father. John W.
Shuford, is treasurer of Trinity county.
SMALLEST STATE FIRST
Rhode Island Wins Quadrennial Race
With Electoral \ote
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14.— J. S. Mc-
Cabe of Rhode Island won the quad
rennial race to Washington with the
electoral vote of his state today. At
9 a. m , when the vice president's of
fice opened, Mr. McCabe was waiting.
A short time later 11. M. London of
Raleigh appeared with the vote of
North Carolina. A late train robbed
him of the honor of being the first to
arrive. The electors in each state are
required to %end two sets of ballots,
one by mail ajjdj one by messenger, i
The canvass will be February 12.
CERTIFICATES FOR COOKS
Even Pavers of Potatoes Must Undergo
Kxamlnation at Venice
LOS ANGELES, Jan. 14.—Parers of
potatoes, cleaners of fish and every
one else, up to the man who makes the
meringue, must undergo medical ex
aminations hereafter before they can
hold jobs in the kitchens of the restau
rants at Venice, a seaside resort. Dr.
W. M. Kendall, health officer at Venice,
received notice of the order today from
the town's board of trustees.
DRY LAND INVADER HELD
San Frsvnelseo Whisky Salenmnt. Jailed
for Soliciting Orders _Year Fresno
(Special Dispatch to The Call)
FRESNO. Jan. 14.—John Saunders, a
whisky salesman of San
who was arrested in Kerman, last
night for soliciting liquor orders in dry
territory, was released on bail today.
The ca.se will be prosecuted under the
Wylie local option law, on a charge of
high misdemeanor. Saunders spent
the night in the county jail.
MILLION DOLLAR FUND
Prohibition Candidate I rite* Expend
iture of Sum in lOlti
INDIANAPOLIS, Jan. 14.—A plan to
begin at once securing pledges toward
a million dollar campaign fund /or use
in 191<> advanced by Eugene W; Chafln
of Tucson, Ariz., prohibition candidate
for president at the last election, was
adopted today by the national confer
ence of the party. The meeting, which
will continue until Friday, was given
over to discussion of plans.
RIVERSIDE BONDS CARRY
.Municipal Water Plant Issue nf fl.liiO.
-000 Wlam Five to One
RIVKriSIDK. .Jan. 14.—The plan to
bond the city of Riverside for $1,160,000
to effect municipal ownership of the
water system carried at today's elec
tion more than live to one.
THE CALL
SAN FRANCISCO. WEDNESDAY, .iJnUARY 15, 1913.—PAGES 1 TO 8.
ELECTRIC STORM
FLOODS STREETS
ALL OVER CITY
Rolling Thunder Phenomena
Makes Natives Sit Up
and Take Notice of
Conditions
NOVELTY COMES
TO GOLDEN STATE
Rivulets Run Down Gutters;
Trolley Cars Halted;'
Other Freaks
Thunder and lightning were among
the phenomena that startled the natives
in last night's storm and cloudbursts
made of the streets rivers of water that
blocked all traffic and sent men and
women to their doorsteps waistdeep in
the downpour.
The visit of the rain king was sud
den, striking the city In force about
midnight. In the district bounded by
Divlsadero. Hayes. Haight, Waller and
Page streets, manholes exploded their
lids into trie air because of the heavy
ryessure of water, garbage cans were
washed from their moorings and um
brellas tossed to the winds.
The trolley cars were stopped, water
coming high over the running boards.
Many returning from the theaters had
to" remain in the cars, which were
stalled, until the elements abated and
the water ran off. Automobiles couid
make no headway and pasaenawa and
drivers had to be content with the com
fort afforded by heavy protecting hood
and blanket against the biting sprays.
Merchants hurried from their homes
to caulk the doors of their shops, for
the cloudburst in some Sections sent a
stream running three and four feet
deep along street and sidewalk. It is
feared that considerable damage has
been done to merchandise in the hilly
districts of the Western Addition.
j where the effect was particularly^
In other sections of the city the
rainfall was not so heavy, although
thunder rolled the walis of
the big buildings of the downtown sec
tion and lightning flashed and made
as garish as day the streets in the
shopping district.
The disturbance was shortlived, and
after a heavy downpour of about an
hour gave way to a slight
There were many inquiries from men
and women who have no knowledge of
such weather conditions as to the
cause of the explosion and great anx
iety as to whether anybody was in
jured. To these Californians the thun
der appeared to portend some great
catastrophe in a powder works and
the lightning another great conflagra-J
tion.
The storm was the most severe that
has visited the city in a decade. Follow;
ing the record breaking cold spejl of'
last week the elements played another j
freak, frost and bitter northwestern
winds giving way to southwestern gales
heavy laden with rain clouds. Al
though the storm lasted only an hour.
the precipitation was tremendous and j
roofs thought secure discovered many i
leaks.
When the storm had passed, the!
streets were found littered with urn- :
brellas and hats and odd pieces of
clothing. In the downpour no attempt
was made to recover the articles, the
wind and rain compelling the traveler
to hurry to the nearest shelter.
Lights in the downtown district were
affected by the storm and there were
momentary spells of darkness.
WOMAN ROBBED OF $1,040
Daughter Flndn Mother I nconscloua
in Room After Thug"a Visit
(Special Dispatch to The Call)
SANTA ROSA, Jan. 14.—Found un
conscious in her bedroom by her
daughter, Mrs. Jennie Lepper, wife of
James I. Lepper, a carpenter of Santa
Rosa, was revived after an hour's
work today. On regaining conscious
ness, she said that she had been at
tacked by an unidentified man and
robbed of $1,040 which she had just re-,
ceived from a bank in New Haven.
Conn. According to her story, the
money came in a plain envelope, by
unregistered mail.
CHICO'S MODERN CYCLOPS
Indian Babe Born With One Eye in
Center of Forehead
CHICO. Jan. 14.—That Cyclops, tiie
celebrated legendary Greek, was not a
"nature fake" was demonstrated today
by the birth near Chico of an 18 pound
Indian babe with one great eye In the
middle of Its forehead. Both of its
hands and one foot were shaped like a
seal's flippers. The other foot was
perfect. The baby lived a few
hours, lis mother weighs 400 pounds.
LORD WOOS MRS. ASTOR
Basil Blackwood in *ew York to Wed
Widow. London Cable Say*
NEW YORK, Jan. 14.—Lojd Basil
Blackwood arrived .sere today on board
th# steamer Ced.ic. Dispatches from
England say that he comes to many
Mrs. John Aston, former wife of Colonel
John Jacob Astor, who died in the Ti
tanic disaster.
POOR POSITION FOR PARSON
"Skating Pastor" Is Accused
Rev. Frank Horn Faces Charges
Of Having Married Redding
Girl and Deserting Her
Clergyman Declares That His
Twin Brother Is Guilty of
Alleged Offense
• Is Rev. Frank Horn, pastor of the
First Baptist cfaurct. of Richmond, a
Doctor Jekyll and Mr. Hyde in real
life, now a minister of the gospel,
again a deceiver Jnd betrayer of girls,
or is he the victim of a nemesis in the
form cf a mysterious twin brother,
I for whose misdeeds he is made to
t suffer?
Is he the single Rev. Mr. Horn or is
jhe Owen F. de Tovrea, alias Owen F.
Davereau. alias Martin Mclntyre, alias
j Frank Horn, accused In a divorce com
plaint filed Saturday in this city of
having married, and deserted a year
later, Eva Mac Metz of Redding at Red
wood r*ity SeptPinber 11, 1910?
THESE QUESTIONS AGITATE
These are the questions which are
agitating the parishioners of the ac
cused minister, whose integrity and
uprightness were unquestioned before.
Not a breath of suspicion rested
upon Rev. Mr. Horn until Monday
nigrlit, R'hen, following the positive
identification of the clergyman as De
Tovrea by H. Charles Metz. father of
Mrs. De Tavrea, Attorney C. A. Odell
served the divorce summons upon him
at his rooms at the h6me of Mrs. P.
Church, 112 NichM avenu". Richmond.
Notwithstanding tne Identification,
Rev. Mr. Horn Monday night declared
that it was all a mistake, that the per
son wanted was a cousin of his, the
black sheep of the family, who greatly
resembled him in physical character
istics, so much so that since childhood
they had often been mistaken for each
other.
Yesterday he corrected his statement
of Monday nigl t and stated that the
man whom Mi.'.- Metz married was
probably his twin brother, Edward,
I who had long ago. been repudiated by
the Horns for his misdeeds. From a
sickbed, to which he has been con
fined for the last week, suffering with
a slight attack of typhoid pneumonia,
Rev. Mr. Horn, with a wan smile, in
sisted that it was all a joke, and de
nied that he had ever known the Metz
family, that he had been married or
that he had ever been in Redding.
CHI Rt II MEMBERS STUNNED
Though stunned by the revelation that
( their pastor may be leading a dual life,
the members of the First Baptist church
of Richmond rallied yesterday to the j
support of the clergyman and declared j
Implicit belief in his statement that he j
j was nof the man wanted. To sustain i
j his assertion that his twin brother was j
I probably the man sought. Rev. Horn
j produced a picture of a man resembling
J him in features, which he said was the
j picture of his twin. According to the
photograph the supposed brother had
| many of the general features of the
• 'clergyman, though hif> mouth and fore
/ head were different and his face was
not as full as Rev. Mr. Horn's.
Upon the testimony of an old miner
and trapper of Nevada Rev. Horn de
j pends. according to his statement last
! evening, to establish beyond a doubt
that he did not marry Miss Metz. He
asserts that for three months in the fall
: of 1910, during which time the Metz-De
j Tovrea marriage took place, he and this
miner were engaged in hunting and
j fishing in the Hetch Hetchy region. He
declares his mother, about whose where
! abouts he is vague, can prove that he
has a twin brother and that the latter
has been involved In many escapades
with women in the past.
LAWYER IS POSITIVE
Even more sure than Metz in his
identification of the clergyman as De
Tovrea is D. J. Hall of the Richmond
law firm of Odell & Hall, former dis
trict attorney of Trinity county, who
was practicing law in Redding at the
time De Tovrea was alleged to have
preached there. Hall declares that
both he and his wife recognized De
Tovrea at the union Christmas services
In the Christian church, and that they
notified the Metz family where the
missing son in law could be found.
"There is no question whatsoever but
what Owen F. de Tovrea and Rev.
Frank Horn are one and the same per
son," said Hall. "I attended the church
In Redding at which De Tovrea, then
a minister, was preaching, and I was
acquainted with him and with the Metz
family. Rev. Mr. Horn used the same
mannerisms, the same tone of voice,
as De Tovrea. Not only I, but my wife
recognized hjm at once. Never did the
man I knew in Redding speak of a
twin brother, nor, from what I can
learn by Inquiry, did Rev. Horn ever
mention having a twin brother 1 . As
soon as I notified Mrs. de Tovrea of her
husband's location she desired me to
file a divorce action for her." 0
If Rev. Mr. Horn falls to prove his as
sertion that he is not De Tovrea he will
find himself In an unenviable position,
for, according to papers and documents
in the possession of Odell and Hall, the
defendant In the divorce action bore an
unsavory reputation. The records show
that in the spring of 1910 De Tovrea
appeared in Redding as a young mln-
« ■ -f
Omi tinned si Paaje a» Column *
| "An Independent Newspaper"
Richmond clergyman, who faces grave charges, and twin brother, upon whose
shoulders minister places blame for situation in which he finds himself.
$10,000,000 WIDOW
ON WAY TO RENO
Mrs. Philip Van Volken
burgh to Ask Divorce in
"City of Otherly Love"

(Special Dispatch to Tbe Call)
CHICAGO, Jan. 14.—Mrs. Pfiilip Van
Volkenburgh, referred to as the "$lO,-|
000,000 widow" of William Hayes Chap
man, who spurned noblemen suitors to
wed the $20,000,000 clubman, stopped
in Chicago today on her way to Reno.
At the Blackstone hotel she was
asked about her hurried trip to Ne
vada.
"Oh, lam not going to Reno. Tarn
going through Reno to Pasadena to
visit my mother," she said. "I may
stop. By the way. do you know any
place where a divorce may be obtained
with a residence of less than a year?'
she asked.
ILL, TREATMENT NOT APPARENT
"When you left New York it was
stated that you were going to Reno to
seek a divorce," she was reminded.
"Well," she replied, "I can not be
quoted that way now. You see, I have
heard that the requirement in Reno
now Is 12 months' residence."
"Well, but —"
"That is an awfully long time to
wait," she Interposed. "Of course, that
Information came to be incidental.
Really, I am going west for a visit."
No trace of such experiences as she
says she has endured since her mar
riage to Van Volkenburgh was appar
ent in her face. She seemed to be in
good spirits.
FLED FROM RUSSIAN COUNT
The wedding took place In her apart
ments in the St. Regis November 23,
1909, after a short acquaintance with
the clubman. She had met him on
board the Mauretania while she was
fleeing homeward to escape the ardent
and persistent attentions of General
Count Slridovitch, the Russian, to
whom Paris gossip had said she was
engaged.
So quiet was the wedding that Comte
Senles, who had pursued her across the
ocean, called at her apartment only to
learn that he had stumbled on a wed
iing party.
In the spring following the clubman
left the St. Regis and asserted he
would not be responsible for his wife's
debts.
TITANIC LAWSUITS BEGIN
Damage Clalma of 910,000,000 Met by
$100,000 Limitation Defense
NEW YORK, Jan. 14—Fifty lawyers
who hope to obtain for their clients
more than $10,000,000 damages for loss
of life and property on the Titanic were
arrayed against attorneys for the
White Star line in the United States
district court .today. The company con
tends that its entire liability is
limited under the Fnlted States statutes
to less than $100,000 —the value of re
covered wreckage and passage money.
The claimants hold that .the company
can not claim this limitation because
it was responsible for loss of life
through personal negligence.
HEAVY GOLD SHIPMENTS
California Mines Seat 16.943 Ounces to
Mint in December
The shipments of gold to the United
States mint in San Francisco In De
cember included 16,943 ounces from
California mines.
Nevada sent 2.952 ounces.
Alaska's outflow totaled 22.515
ounces, of which Douglas island sent
21,621 ounces and Fairbanks 52 ounces.
WEATHER FORECAST:
Rain; high sooth winds.
$300— Team of tuar*s. both saya, weighing
1.f130 potmrts ea<b. They a* heavy nr>n».l
$223 — mill**, both bay*, etoeely matched-:
weigh 1.2<*0 pounds each; they are both fat and
For Continuation of These Advertisements
See Classified Pages.
CROCKER WOULD
AID COLONISTS
President of Land and Water
Company at Work on
Cressey Tangle
That no settlement in the tangle of
the Cressey colony, a Marshall Black
promotion, will be entertained by Wil
liam H. Crocker, president of the
Crocker-Huffman Land and Water com
pany, which does no"l protect fully the
colonists in getting possession and title
to their lands is made certain by the
instruction of the banker to his repre
sentatives.
I
Negotiations are being pressed to
procure an adjustment whereby the
Cressey colony will be forced to the full
performance of all its obligations to the
colonists. It is expected that a solution
satisfactory to all concerned will be
reached shortly.
The case was before the railroad com
mission, a seemingly inexplicable con
fusion being revealed. Legal proceed
ings in great number have been started
and charges of bad faith, forgeries and
all kinds of chicanery are contained in
the crossing contentions.
Briefly, the tangle presents these
complicated interests:
The creditors of Marshall Black in
dividually, the creditors of the Cressey
Colony company (unsecured), the
creditors of the Cressey Colony com
pany to whom was pledged the con
tracts of sale made, between the colony
company and the colonists who pur
chased land, the creditors of the Cres
sey Colony company who are secured
by liens on the lands. George Cressey
and Crocka.r-Huffman Land and Water
company, the colonists who have con
tracted to buy land in separate colony
lots, all under a blanket mortgage to
Cressey, and none able to pay the en
tire debt so as to relieve his land, and
Cressey himself unable to determine
the relative right* of the several col
onists; three attachments on the entire
piece of land upon obligations of the
Cressey Colony company, and a pur
chase at execution sale of all the lands
in the colony upon a judgment against
the colony company.
Such was the maze presented to the
railroad commission. As yet no one
has come forward with a plan that will
reconcile all interests.
FIVE BURIED IN A DRIFT
Mine Workers t rushed Under Tons of
Descending: Rock
JOPLIN, Mo.. Jan. 14.—Five miners
were killed in the Hartford Zinc Min
ing company's mine here today, when
they were buried under tons of rock
and dirt which fell from the roof of a
1 drift
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
FIGHTING WILL
BE RESUMED
UNLESS TURKS
YIELD QUICKLY
Peace Conference at London
Decides to Break Up With
Presentation to Ottoman
Empire of Note of Euro
pean Powers — Bulgaria,
Greece, Montenegro and
Servia Decide to Notify
Porte of Action — Letter
Effective in Event Sultan's
Government Refuses Com
pliance in Advice Given
BALKAN LEAGUE SAYS
ACTION NEEDS TONIC
Following Declaration by
Bulgaria That Next Peace
Terms Will Be More Dras
tic Emperor Ferdinand
Starts for the Front —Aus-
trian Army Held in Readi
ness for Emergencies That
May Arise —Statesmen of
All Countries Agree That
Outlook for Vanquished
Country Is Not Bright
LONDON, Jan. 14.—The decision to
break up the peace conference in Lon
don simultaneously with the presenta
tion to the Turkish government of the
note of the European powers was
reached today by the chiefs of the
peace delegations of the Balkan allies
The resolution of the representatives
of Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro and
Servia will be communicated to the
porte in a formal note. It was also
decided to instruct the commanders of
the forces of the allies in the field to
terminate the armistice which has
been in operation since December 3.
Since that date hostilities between
Bulgaria and Servia on the one side
and Turkey on the other have entirely
ceased. Greece, which did not sign the
protocol, however, has continued fight
ing against Turkey, both on sea and
land, with varying success.
Montenegro also, which was nom
| inally a party, has been engaged in
I many severe skirmishes with the troops
j forming the garrison of the Turkish
i fortress of Scutari, which shows no
signs of yielding. It is believed that
the Ottoman troops there are fairly
well provided with food and ammuni
tion.
The threatening note of the allies to
the Turks is to be worded in such a
way that it will become effecjtive only
in the event of th© Ottoman govern
ment refusing compliance with the ad
vice given to it by the ambassadors of
the European powers.
DILUTED DIPLOMACY
The members of the Balkan league
are of the opinion that the note drafted
jby the European diplomats is so di
j luted that it requires the admixture
of a vitalizing tonic, and this, they
think, will be supplied by their threat
to continue hostilities.
The Balkan kingdoms, moreover, are
j anxious to obtain relief from the heavy
! burden of maintaining armies on a war
footing. Wishing, however, to ob
serve all diplomatic courtesies, they
have given the powers a reasonable
time to agree regarding Adrianople, If
Turkey fails to yield, the Balkan king
doms have agreed that they will call
another sitting of the conference
through Sir Edward Grey or Rechad
Pasha, who, according to the rotation
followed, would be the next presiding
officer, and announce definitely their
decision to break off negotiations.
Immediately afterward the Servian,
Bulgarian and Montenegrin com
manders will notify Turkish headquar
ters that hostilities will be resumed
within 96 hours.
The allies have no faith in the
efficacy of the note the powers will
present at Constantinople. The Otto
man government failed today to con
vene the grand council and apparently
has no Intention of meeting the allies'
ultimatum on Adrianople. The allies
feel that the note of the powers Is
couched In too mild terms to be effec
tive, and that Turkey will know that
It means nothing because the powers
will be unable to agree on coercive
measures.
NEW BULGARIAN DEMANDS
The allies say that it is easy to pre
dict the course, of events. They pre
dict that Turkey will be ready to cede
Adrianople after they have stormed
Tchatalja, but the Balkan delegates
assert that their peace terms after a
second resort to arms will be far dif
ferent than those Turkey now is re
jectinar. They declare Bulgaria will
require that the frontier of the terri
tory It will demand must extend to tha
very gaces of Constantinoole. Thar

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