Newspaper Page Text
WHAT IS WAR WITHOUT THE
f- ■■ — - —« ; ° • .
WAR correspondents are human,oafter ay tnat we had come to
believe of them. These-winged Mercuries of the battlefield,
their fingertips reeking adjective's of carnage and adverbs
of victory, have been in the-past Considered creatures & of a rara dispen
sation; who could lie scatheless, between two battle lines, and, when
the fury of the fight vyas pvhr;' step across the dead to the
nearest cable office and/file.';their airazing stories for the breakfast
tables oi two hemispheres and/s.sveral continents. Field marshal or
general in chief merely regretted*the loss oi the charger he had lent
to the persuasive correspondent so that he might get first to the wire.
But, as Sydney Brooks, "writing from London in Harper's
Weekly, says: "The Rijsso-Japanese war killed fhe war correspond
ent ; the conflict in the Balkans may be said to have buried him." ,
Frederick Palmer, corresponding from the front to Collier's
Weekly, speaks as one of the buried. Relating an experience of
his own with the military censor, a Bulgarian major who was show
ing the trenches before Adrianople to the muzzled correspondents,
he says: n
I suggested to the major that I would like to come out and live for a
while with the Servians. Then I couid observe everything going pn in
the valley of the Arda by day, and after dark I could watch the night
attacks. "Thus I should not be always bothering him with requests to see
battles, which was really a source of embarrassment to me, as I knew
that he was a very busy man. He replied that he had often heard that
the natives of my "country were much given to practical joking ; while he
held up one finger in a manner that said: "No, you don't! You aren t
going to know any more than I want you to know."
Palmer also relates how James H. Hare, the photographer, "in
Unguage direct and picturesque, had told the censor that he thought
the arrangements for publicity unworthy of a ninth rate press agent."
So the war correspondent is eclipsed.
General Sherman, a soldier and not a politician, a man who
gfuugcd his success by what he accomplished in the field, not by
what impression he made throttgh the northern newspapers, had
little use for war correspondents and promised in one campaign to
hang as a spy any correspondent found with his column. Bismarck,
in the Franco-Prussian war, adopted another policy. On the eve
d one movement he called all the correspondents to his tent and
explained the nature of his plan, and then added that if there were
any publication of: the impending action every correspondent would
be hange»l. Bismarck was a man to keep his word—in* such matters.
No correspondent was hanged.. .
But it tpok the Bulgars and.the Japanese to put the quietus on
newspaper enterprise. However, Mr. Brooks, in the article referred
to, has, not lost hope for the correspondents' future. He says:
It would hardly be possible for the British or American government
t<*» conduct a war on a big scale unless they could carry public opinion
with them; and in order to carry public opmion with them they are bound
to tolerate war correspondents axid to compromise with, instead of crush
ing, the press. A democratic people always insists on learning what is
being done in its name at the theater of war, and on learning it from
independent as well as from official sources.
With the correspondent absent war is not likely to be a popular
affair, and in a democratic country an unpopular war would not last
Long Beach is reported to have gone "dry." That's some
achievement for a maritime city. Did it use blotting paper or a
spoflge? :• "■•■••". :■';■■"
Governor Wilson'objects to New Jersey being the "mother of
trusts."' He wants it to be the mother in law.
California, Foremost Mineral State, Has
Useless Mining Bureau
CALIFORNIA produced $19,988,486 in gold in 1912 anS upward
of 75.000.000 barrels of oU, valued at approximately the same
amount, and yet it has a state mining bureau, supported at a
cost of $20,000 a year, which, according to the state board of control,
is well nigh useless.
The report of that board, filed with Governor Johnson, says:
The payroll is $15,540 a year, and the employes are busy only a frac
tion of each day.
Xo definite work is outlined and the employes simply put in time.
Mining, oil and building" material industries receive only perfunctory
The comment is appropriate that the criticism of the mining
bureau by the board of control can not be charged to "politics," since
the state mineralogist, \Y\ H. Storms, head of the bureau, is an
appointee of the present administration.
The importance of a mining bureau to Californian and eastern
investors should be great. It should be an instrument for the devel
opment of the mining industry in the state; it should be an agency
in the development of new mineral resources of the state, such as
the iron deposits of the Shasta and Pitt river region, and it should
be th£ authoritative source of information on the California oil
industry. In fact, the board of control learned that the engineer
who is supposed to be preparing an oil bulletin devotes the greater
part of his time to another state department.
Even the interesting, instructive and highly valuable collection
of specimens in the bureau is not inventoried. The financial care
lessness of the employes of the bureau, as reported, is most
The state mining bureau must be reorganized and brought up
to a degree of efficiency in its department comparable to that of the
railroad commission and the board of control. A state that produces
more than $50,000,000 in mineral wealth in a year should have a
mining bureau that realizes and discharges its duties to the state.
Parents whose children are not kissed by the busy president may
■wait patiently until March 4, when Mr. Taft will be "at liberty" for
People who showed self-restraint about their Christmas shop
ping can go as faj as they like on these bargain sales days.
Logical and Necessary Amendment to
The Public Utilities Law
ASSEMBLYMAN SUTHERLAND'S propofed amendment of
the public utilities act is a logical addition to the law which
has already well served the e state by the protection it has given
to consumers andttoo o the utilities themselves through the railroad
commission. The amendment in question includes two provisions:
first, that a utility corporation engaged in business huCalifornia must
keep the books and records of its California business within the state,
so that they may be accessible to the state railroad commission, and,
second, that a cerporation which directly or indirectly furnishes a
service or a commodity for the public service to a utility shall be
'considered as a public utility corporation and amenable to the laws
govefning tffat class of corporations.
The provision as to the books and records of utilities is im
portant. A corporation carrying on a California business is a servant
of the°people of the state and must abide by the rules and regula
tions, laws and ordinances of the people of the state, as expressed in
°the statute books and administered by the railroad commission. The
railroad commission is the people's executive board, empowered by
direct vote to perform the service of regulating corporations.
An individual can personally supervise the service of the janitor
who turns on and off the electric light in his office building or apart
ment house, but he has not the power personally *to supervise his
other servant, the corporation which furnishes him with the electric
energy that goes into the lights and which is, in every essential, as
EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE CALL
much his servant as the janitor who operates the switchboard. To
supervise this corporation the individual must join his interests with
other individuals, and that is done automatically through the ma
chinery of the state government. The state railroad commission
speaks for the consumer and treats for him with the corporation.
Any corporation doing business in the state must abide by the will
of the people of the state, as formally expressed in their laws. For
the proper supervision o£ the affairs of corporations the railroad
commission must have access to the books of a corporation, since only
through its books does a corporation become tangible.
The other provision of Sutherland's measure is equally important
A public service corporation's rates are based upon its expenses.
The cost of production or acquisition of the service it renders is an
important factor in rate fixing. For instance, a gas company's rates
are based on the cost of gas. Under the present law only a dis
tributing company is amenable to the regulations of the commission.
A producing company may be formed within the distributing com
pany and sell its commodity to the distributing company at an ex
cessive cost. The rates to consumers must be based on the cost of
the commodity to the distributer. Therefore, to protect the con
sumer, it is necessary that the commission shall have supervision over
the cost of the commodity to the distributing company. The new law
will give that supervision by classifying producing companies as
The people of California have appointed the state railroad com
mission their agent in dealing with corporations. Unless the com
mission has the benefit of laws which will make that supervision com
plete its services can be of little value.
It has been recommended that the Geary street cars be painted a
cherry red—we presume to convey the idea that they are the real
maraschino in the municipal cocktail.
The man who stole the policeman's umbrella can make the time
ionored defense, he didn't know it was loaded.
Thompson Bill Makes for Economy, and
Also for Humanity
COUNTY peace officers may look upon the current session of
the California legislature as a conspiracy against sheriffs. It
is not that, but it is devoting some attention to economy and
A bill pending in the assembly wipes out the petty graft fee of
$5 a day which sheriffs collect, in addition to their regular salaries,
for transferring prisoners to the penitentiaries. Now Senator Thomp
son of Los Angeles presents a bill providing that insance patients
committed to the state hospitals shall be transported in the custody
of trained and experienced hospital attendants, instead of by untrained
sheriffs or their deputies. Under the law as it stands the sheriff
takes a fee of $5 a day for his services in escorting insane patients
to the asylums —this in addition to the salary he receives from the
county. The sheriffs of the state receive annually $25,000 for this
service, actually performed by deputies whom the several counties
pay for all their time.
Not only should the sheriff not receive the added remuneration
on this account, but, in justice to/he insane patients, their removal
should not be intrusted to the casual attention of a sheriff or his
deputy, unskilled in the treatment of those mentally defective. A
journey to the asylum, with the attendant excitement of railroad
travel, new scenes and unsympathetic surroundings en route are
calculated to irritate the patiqnt, disturb his precarious emotions,
aggravate his mania. Only a person skilled in the handling of the
insane should be intrusted with that delicate task. The average
deputy sheriff of politics is unaccustomed to dealing with the insane,
but is familiar with the depravity of the criminal. Too often he
puts both types of charges in a common classification and subjects
the insane patient to the rigorous treatment he thinks effective in
dealing with the criminal. Thus common brutality becomes fearful
The fact that insane women patients are transferred to the state
hospitals in the custody of male deputy sheriffs is an outrage in this
civilized day. Yet that often happens under the existing law and
The Thompson act provides that female patients shall not be
intrusted to male guards alone, but shall also be attended by women,
and that all patients shall be removed to the asylum by trained
attendants. It is a measure to introduce economy into the treatment
of insane patients. It will do morej it will introdtxce humanity. ___ ,
"AM I AS BAD AS ALL THAT?"
By THE POET PHILOSOPHER
T started to build me a shed to hold
ice. and the neighbors came over with
helpful advice. They sat on the grass,
with the trees bending o'er, and told of
the sheds they had builded of yore;
such beautiful sheds, said those elo
quent Jays, were never beheld these de
generate days. Whenever I drove a nail
into a board, some critic reared up on
his hind legs and roared: "Oh, you
mustn't do this." and "you shouldn't
do that," and "your wall is too high,"
and "your roof Is too flat." I tried hard
to follow the counsel they gave, as I
toiled with my hammer and plane and
spokeshave; I changed and I altered. T
fumed and I fussed, I built and rebuilt
It, and cackled and cussed, and busted
my fingers and ruined my thumbs, while
critics sat round me displaying their
gums. And when it was finished it fell
with a crash, and nearly reduced me to
hamburger hash. I crawled from the
ruins and picked up a rail and chased
all those neighbors through dingle and
dale, and cried as I smote them: "Ode
fish and cogs wound! No more shall I
toil with cheap alecks around! I'll
build as I list, since I'm paying the
price, and woe to the gaffer who springs
good advice!" WALT MASON.
IN THE EDITOR'S MAIL
I.IKKS CANADIAN TAXATION
Editor Call—ln your issue of Satur
day, Jan. 11, I fl>d an Important edi
torial headed "Pγ _. Canada's Harbor
Works a Warning i San Francisco."
As a Californlan, deeply Interested In
Its welfare, I agree with the necessity
of harbor Improvements for San Fran
cisco, and for that matter all California
ports. However, may I call your at
tention to the local conditions of Van
couver and Victoria. I am convinced
that were you to Investigate the cause
of Vancouver's and Victoria's pros
perity, you would find that the harbor
Improvements are not the cause, but
the effect thereof. Any one who has
had the good fortune to Investigate
the economic system and political con
ditions in both of these cities attributes
their prosperity not to their harbor
facilities, but rather to their present
system of municipal taxation. This
system, exempting all industries. Im
provements, personal property of all
kinds, from taxation, and limiting tax
ation to land values only, has so Im
proved the trade conditions In those
cities that their business requirements
necessitate and have brought about the
harbor improvements. If the city of
San Francisco were to adopt a similar
system the business of the city would
so increase that our present water
front would probably be inadequate.
Unfortunately we of the United States
are so conservative that we have to
wait for new communities to teach us
lessons in politics and economics.
Our northern rivals, Portland and Se
attle, are already beginning to feel the
competition of Vancouver and Victoria,
and It will probably not be very long
before San Francisco will get a good
taste of it. If some of our very en
terprising newspapers had taken the
trouble to interview the excursionists
from Alberta and Saskatchewan In San
Francisco the other day they would
probably have heard testimony out of
harmony with their general conception
of necessary rerief measures. The real
estate dealers (not speculators) and
the business men, members of that ex
cursion, and other members thereof
were unanimous in their commendation
of the single tax, under which their
respective communities are working.
The writer of this took the trouble
to discuss the question with several
and found that to be the fact.
GIVE TOURISTS GLAD HAND
Editor Call: The around the world
steamer Cleveland, with more than half
a thousand tourtsts aboard, will be here
the latter part ol this month.
L*t us give these visitors to onr
shores a real California welcome, and
In this connection I, would like to sug- i
gest that the florists get together and
give each of the tourists a email bou
Nothing gladdens the heart like pretty
posies, and surely the florists can spare
a few to help advertise our beautiful
city. It is only a little thing, but it
will be bound to make an impression
upon our visitors.
MRS. CHARLES C CALLINGHAM.
Benjamin Franklin was an ordinary
man with an extraordinary supply of
common sense who flourished in the
eighteenth century and is still regarded
as one of the finest of American prod
Franklin was born in Boston, but
was one of the few Boston wise men
to succeed in getting away from that
city. Hjs family was not distinguished
and when he left Boston, after having
run a newspaper with more brilliance
than success, no committee of city of
ficials appeared to bid him goodby.
Franklin arrived in Philadelphia
with enough money left to buy two
rolls of bread and paraded the town
wearing one loaf under his arm and
eating the other. This successfully
quarantined him from Philadelphia so
ciety and he was enabled to put ail his
time into the printing business with
such success that he was sent to Lon
don in 1824 by the governor to get a
printing outfit. He worked for 18
months in a London printing house and
was probably the most eminent em
ploye that London journalism ever had,
though England has not yet waked up
to this fact.
Franklin then returned to Philadelphia
and purchased the Gazette, which he
began to edit with euch success that
he frequently had to spend all day
making change for eager subscribers.
It might be well to mention here that
at this time he was only 23 years old.
having been born in January 17, 1706.
and having been a full fledged editor
at the age of 15. Genius often con
sists in getting an early start and
At "the age of 26 Franklin's Poor
Richard's Almanac, the .sayings of a
wise old man, had the largest circu
lation of anything printed in the colo
nies, and people sought his advice on
everything from love to chicken rais
ing. At the age of 31 he was a mem
ber of the Pennsylvania assembly. At
40 he had diagnosed lightning and had
exhibited the first electricity ever in
captivity in a bottle, having caught it
with a kite string and a key. He
hed also charted the course of North
American storms and explained the
Franklin helped the colonies to de
clare their Independence and secured
the treaty of alliance with France. At
79 he was elected governor of Penn
sylvania. At 82 he helped write the
constitution of the United States. He
also devised the American postal sys
tem. He died at the age of 84. and
Philadelphia is prouder of his tomb
stone than she is of the Liberty bell.
Through all his long and busy life
Franklin never had time to dress up
and adopt the social usages of his
day. But this did not prevent him
from dazzling the exquisite court of
France at its most brilliant and use
less period. Hβ was one of the few
men who gave to the earth more wis
dom than he absorbed from it, but he
never was a bonanza for the tailors.
Had he spent his youth keeping four
tailors and three haberdashers in af
fluence, Franklin relics would probably
not command the high price which
they now do.
EVERY MAN'S DUTY
Every man ought to strive to be
entitled to a good opinion of himself,
and, having gained it, ha should strive
to keep It to himself.—Chicago Record-
N. C. KINGSBURY. rice president of the Amer
ican Telegraph and Telephone company; Angus
S. Hihbard, third vice president and special
counsel for the corporation, and B. Bar.nine.
another official of the concern, arrived at the
St. Francis yesterday from their respective
. headquarters In the east. Mr. Klngsbury said
that no special business would receive their
consideration. He admitted that a conference
would he held, bnt said that It would not per
tain in any way to San Francisco. Mr. Hib
bard has perfected a number of telephone de
vices which are widely used.
f) . jfr »
FRANK ROBERTSON and Mrs. Robertson ar
rived at the Palace yesterday after a wedding
Journey by automobile through Europe and
Asia. They leave for their Portland home
Saturday. The couple covered nearly 20.000
miles in their machine, touring India, France.
Germany and China. They left San Francisco
Just two years ago. Mr. Robertson said they
bad no accidents of any kind and that incident*
MR. AND MBS. W. A. EMERY, Charle* A.
Cboah, Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Culver. Ethel Hep
btrrn, Mr. and Mrs: J. L. Mac Donald and
Lloyd W. Moultrle, all of San Francisco, are
registered in Chicago hotels.
* • •
JOHN TERRAZAS and family of Cblhnahaa. one
of the wealthiest of the old Mexican families,
arrived in San Francisco yesterday and took
apartment! at the Manx. Tbey will remain
here for about a week.
* * *
W. 3. VAN SCHUYVER, a Portland distiller.
who owns one of the largest distilling plants
in the United States, is a guest at the St.
Francis with Mrs. Van Scnuyrer and their
* * #
O. M. STEELE, an attorney of Lodi, and P. M.
Ray, a mining man of Last Chance, \ev.,
were among other arrivals at the Argonant yes
* • *
CHARLES A. GONDER, manager and part owner
of the new Gunter hotel In Sun Antonio, Tex.,
is staving at the St. Francis with his wife.
* * *
E. M. TROTT of Washington. D. C, a sugar
inspector for the United States agricultural de
partment. Is registered at the Manx.
* * *
C> W. McKTLT.IP, manager of the Pacific Gas
and Electric company's offices at Sacramento.
Is registered at the Bellevue.
* ♦ ♦
PAUL RINK, a mining eneieeer of Ketchlkan,
Alaska, and William Palmtag of Hollister are
staying at the Union Square.
* ♦ *
A. H. M ADD AX and George H. Hecke. secretary
of the Panama-Paclflc committee of Yolo coun
ty, are guests at the Sotter.
* * *
3. GOTTGH and Mrs. Gongh of Log Angeles were
among the arrivals at the Fairmont yesterday.
* * ♦
FRANK C. ROBERTSON, a well known attorney
of Spokane, Is a recent arrival at the Palace.
* * *
C. L. SCOTT, a Chicago manufacturer. Is regis
tered at the BelleTue with Mrs. Scott.
* * *
DR. W. MIXER and H. yon Kuhlmann. both of
Berlin, are registered at the Stewart.
* # *
0. 3. OABKTTiT. and wife of Richmond, Vat, arc
among the guests at the Columbia, i
* *■ ♦
JUDGE B. G. MORROW of tiie circuit court of
Oregon is a guest at the Manx.
*■ * *
C. Z. GOODARE, a fruit grower of Lemon Core,
Is a guest at the Stanford.
* * *
P. E. GALLAGHER, a railroad man of Needles,
Iβ staying at the Dale.
* # *
3. F. THOMPSON and wife of Mill Valley are
staying at the Colonial.
* ♦ ♦
C. B. COX and Mrs. Cox of Manila registered ai
the Btewart yesterday.
** • *
1. J. PIBTJTX, a Willows hotel man, is staving
at the Bale.
* * *
S. EOTT, a Rio Vista mercbjint, is registered at
* ♦ #
A, HAJTITEL «f Sew Jeriey la etopplag at the
JASiJARY 17, 1913
1 have found out
why the muffs that
came with the furs
you bought for HER
last Christmas are
of such generous
sibly the muff is for
the purpose of keeping her hands warm.
Incidentally, of course, it has a deco
rative value and has its uses in the
delicate technique of refined flirting .
You bought the muft because lt°went
with the set. Your observations, made
prior to the purchase, told you that the
weather proof girl of the period rather
scorns to keep her hands in this fur
coated fireless heater. Bhe hangs It
around her neck and lets it dangle as
an ornament. At least, that's what you
think. You also may think that the
decree of fashion which specifies such
generous dimensions of costly material
for an article so purely ornamental iV
a little tough on father. 1
Cheer up! As the result of a collision
the other day in the ferry depot, which
led to the capsizing of a very costly
and apparently useless sable muff, I
made the comforting discovery that the
muff serves a purpose so thoroughly
practical that Its adoption by the men
is only a matter of time—and educa
When the aforesaid sable muff turned
turtle there fell from it a collection of
personal effects that littered the main
stairway of the ferry depot clear down
to the candy stand from the top of the
flight, where theocollision occurred.
A comb and brush tobogganed down
the iron steps, followed by a tooth brush
and a tube of tooth paste. A silver cas
ket followed. The casket followed on
the way down and discharged a cargo
of manicure scissors, files, nail polisher*
and other odds and ends of hardware.
A pair of very dainty bedroom slippers
Joined in the avalanche, to which might
be added a bunch of keys, two books, a
purse, a button hook and an orange.
The victim of this unfortunate aeei
dent was young, pretty and a philos
opher. She screamed a little, made an
expansive grab as if to regain her scat
tering possessions, anji then laughed.
Before picking , up anything she plunged
her arm into the faithless receptacle.
"The shirt waist and nightie didn't
fall, anyway," she said to her friend,
who, sad to relate, instead of helping
her to pick up the rudely jettlaone<i
cargo, was standing on the top step,
There you are. Thus did an accident
reveal the reason for the large muff.
It is more convenient to carry than a
suit case and will hold all that is
needful in the way of weekend baggage.
To make the muff a superior substi
tute for the suit case all that Is neoes
sary Is a little care In navigation.
* # #
It was not until the ferry boat was
half way across the bay that Joseph
A. Sheldon, who had been summoned
out of town by urgent business, realized
that the "restaurant on the lower deck
offered him the chance to get the bit*
to eat that his haste had compelled*,
him to forego.
"Give me a cup of coffee and a ham
sandwich," he said to the waiter as he
sat at a table with a man who was
nearing the conclusion of a much more
elaborate meal. Sheldon ate his sand
wich and drank his coffee with the
automatic ease of a regular commuter
and devoted his attention to the news
paper propped against the sugar bowl.
He didn't notice the other fellow get up.
He didn't notice anything, in fact, until
he felt the boat bump and heard some
body say "All ashore."
He picked up his check without look
ing at it and laid check and a Quarter
on the cashier's deck.
"Give the* change to the waiter," he
said, as he started for the companion
way leading to the upper deck.
"Hold on!" The cashier laid s> de
taining hand on his arm. "Where's the
rest of it?"
Sheldon picked up thjs check. It was
nearer ?2 than two bits. The man who
had dined more elaborately had taken
Sheldon's check and had secured
dinner at bargain rates. Tim* was
short. The waiter, who could have ad
justed the matter, had -cleared away
the evidence and disappeared. Ferry
restaurant stewards, with a special po
liceman within calling distance and the
law of the land very'explicit on the
subject of "defrauding an innkeeper,"
do not have to take 'anybody's word for
the difference between |2 and two bits,
and Sheldon, who o was in a hurry,
settled the bill as it stood.
* * *
"J didn't mind the money," he con
fided to a frifcnd. ",)3ut I would Ilk* to
know the name of my guest."
* # #
Fred Delaney, so runs the goselp on
the narrow gauge boats, is a candidate
for mayor of Alameda A few days ago
a political worker of the old school
offered to help him In his fight by
introducing: him to a few influential
With his enthusiastic supporter De
laney called the other day on one of
Alameda's prominent business men.
"I'm sorry, Mr. Delaney," said th«
prominent business man, "but I arflk
through with partisan politics. I wifli
take no in this fight. I decided
some time ago to keep my hands off. I
wish you luck, however, and hope you
The business man shook Delaney's
hand and said:
"May the best man win."
"Well, did ye hear dat? 'May de bfs*
man win.' " almost screamed his polit
ical pilot as they resumed headway.
"How's dat fer a knocker?"
Nobuddy kin Insist as strenu
ously on havin , meat three tlmee
a day as th , fellor that don't earn
hie salt. A clean shirt is
mightier than long whiskers.