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COUNTY JAIL SYSTEM AN
OUTRAGE ON HUMANITY
44fT™iH E locking of men and women up in idleness for weeks and
months is not conducive to their moral and physical health,
■■■ nor does it best serve the interests of the state or county.
The county jail and the city prison are not run upon conditions
which make men better. They have been correctly called the 'pri
mary schools m crime,' and the delegates to the international prison
congress called our jail system a disgrace to civilization, and we
admitted it with shame."
That is the indictment brought by the state board of charities
and corrections, in its biennial report to the governor, against the
county jail system. The board does not stop there; it recommends
as a remedy for the condition that the state establish work farms
throughout the state, equipped by the state and maintained by the
counties, to which could be sent prisoners who otherwise would be
confined in county jails and subjected to the vitiating influences,
moral and physical, which idleness and evil association bring. There
would be healthy, hard work in the open air, the wholesome sur
rourjdings which ozone gives to those who seek it, and the farms
could be made very largely self-supporting.
There were in the county jails of the state on January 1 last,
according to the report, 1,210 men and 46 women, a total of 1,256.
Last year 12,712 prisoners served sentences in California's county
jails, while only 1,232 were sentenced to state prisons. Therefore,
it is computed, 10 persons serve sentences in county jails for every
one committed to the state prisons. As a class the county jail
prisoner is the less vicious, and unquestionably would be found more
amenable to reform than the convict sent to the penitentiary.
The standing of the individual members of the state board of
charities and corrections entitles their recommendation to the most
serious consideration by the legislature. It will be economy to the
state to abolish these "primary schools of crime," for their graduates
seldom fail to put the state to further expense of maintenance and in
the interims of imprisonment they prey upon the individual as grand
or petty larcenists.
We read in the Municipal Record that New York city is building
roof gardens for its firemen for the summer. In the winter they'll
turn their basements into rathskellers.
Innocent Men Imprisoned for Crime
Should Be Indemnified by State
Ijj this state the activities of those interested in prison reform has
been directed toward the amelioration of the condition of con
victs, irrespective of the merits of their conviction. That is, there
have been advocated no laws directly bearing on the innocent man
who has been convicted of crime and has served in full or in part
the sentence imposed upon him before his blamelessness is estab
lished. Not in any other state nor under the federal law has any
provision been made to indemnify the man unjustly convicted of
There is now a movement to change this condition. A bill is
pending in congress, printed in senate document Xo. 974, which pro
vides, according to a correspondent in the New York Times, that
"any person convicted of any crime or offense against the. United
States who shall be able to establish his innocence of the crime with
which he was charged—the burden of proof being upon him—and
who has not been found guilty of any other offense against the
United States, or who has received a pardon from the president on
the ground of innocence, shall have the right to apply by petition
for indemnification for the pecuniary injury sustained by him because
of his erroneous conviction and imprisonment."
The adoption of that bill by congress would affect only federal
prisoners. Each state should follow the procedure of the national
government in its own jurisdiction.
The indemnification could be only for pecuniary loss sustained
by the prisoner. The government could not undertake to compen
sate an innocent man for the terrible suffering of his conviction, his
loss of honor, the sorrow inflicted upon his loved ones; but it can
and it should reimburse him for his actual monetary loss during
incarceration. This could be computed, as is now done in accident
insurance indemnification, on the basis of the man's earning capacity
at the time of his conviction. Financially it would not be a costly
reform. It would be necessary to put the burden of proof on the
claimant. The few instances of convicts securing release on the
showing that thay are innocent of the crimes charged against
them indicates that there would not be many men seeking such
This would be real and practical humanitarian legislation, and
the state of California may prove its progressive spirit by the
adoption of such a measure, leading the United States in one more
enactment of simple justice.
Duck preserves may be abolished by the legislature, but there
will still be plenty of "duck soup" left for those "in right."
The official scoter may now record that "Rube" Marquard has
Banker Schiff's "Tower of Babel" Would
Imperil Innocent Investors
A DISTINCTION between the public peril attendant upon corpo
rate accumulation of wealth as compared with individual hoard
ing was made before the Pujo ''money trust" committee in
Washington by Jacob H. Schiff of the New York banking firm of
Kuhn, Loeb & Co. For purposes of interesting identification it may
be recalled that Kuhn,-Loeb & Co. were the bankers for Edward H.
Harriman in many of his greatest financial undertakings.
Naturally the most assiduous accumulation of an individual can
not be as dangerous to the public as the enterprising acquisitiveness
of a corporation. Nor can an individual's influence for good or evil
be as conspicuous as that of a corporation. Russell Sage is probably
the most important example of an individual collector of wealth;
the firm of J. P. Morgan the most concrete illustration of corporate
collectors. Sage is remembered for the amount of his accumulation;
the Morgan interests will be remembered for the magical uses to
which their billions have been and are being put, for both good anci
In opposing concentration through holding companies and cor
porations Schiff voiced what many would declare a radical doctrine.
Concentrators of wealth and fiscal power have for the most part
operated through corporations and holding' companies. While
J. Pierpont Morgan is the spinal column of J. P. Morgan & Co., and
his associates are the protecting ribs to hold the vital organs in posi
tion. Morgan is enabled to do a tremendous amount of managing
simply because he does not have to be the entire framework of his
fiscal body. No one man could form an interlocking directorate to
the extent that the Morgan allies do.
In advocating a policy by which piivate accumulation of wealth
would be unrestricted and, in a sense, unsupervised, did Mr. Schiff
fler that in the past the tolerable blamelessness of individuals
(as compared with corporations) might have been d#e largely to the
greater facilities corporate organization afforded for vicious practice?
If corporations are to be supervised into altruistic usefulness there
would arise the grave danger that the unrestrained individual would
practice in his own name the mischief he has been committing behind ■
the corporate name.
Mr. Schiff says that private monopoly, when it grows too great,
EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE CALL
will collapse like the tower of Babel. He should reflect that in the
ruins of that tower were buried many Babylonian slaves who were
forced against their inclinations to labor on that impious edifice.
No tower of Babel can fall without a sacrifice of innocent lives—not
even a financial tower of Babel reared by private monopoly.
Cashin seems an appropriate name for the superintendent of the
prosperous Geary street road.
Captain Baron von Kuhlmann Does
Honor to American Womanhood
WAS woman ever paid a more glowing compliment than that
uttered by Captain the Baron Henry yon Kuhlmann, late mili
tary attache of the German legation at Peking?
"In Germany/ , said this unconscious panegyrist of the female of
the species, "we do not treat women as superior beings. We make
them our equals by keeping them under our thumbs."
With what a glow of pride did The Call's many thousand women
readers, note that comment yesterday morning! Never was homage
paid more courtly. Like the succulent oyster, this soft praise came
in a hard shell, to protect it from the cruel world; but under the
rough husk of this remark lurked a tremendous compliment—"We
make women our equals by keeping them under our thumbs."
For the German woman, for any woman, to become the equal
of man while at the initial and obvious disadvantage of being under
his thumb is an achievement that is—well, it is not to be sneezed at.
The baron, of course, could not, after that forceful compliment,
afford to be too pleasant to this creature that is the equal of man
while reposing under his thumb, and so he said other things, unpleas
ant, cutting criticisms of the feminine. "I could think of no fate
more dreadful," he says, "than to be the husband of an American
The good baron realizes that any husband who tries to keep his
wife under his thumb is likely to get a darning needle juncture in
that vulnerable member. But the baron need not fear. He will be
spared the fate which he considers so dreadful. No American girl
will keep his telephone number in her little red book. American
women like flattery in measure, but they do not tolerate the abject
admiration that admits that the only means by which woman can be
kept from being superior to man is by being confined under the
The American woman is content to remain the equal of man in
those important spheres of life to which God has committed her.
She does not crave to be his superior. She needs no thumb to subdue
her pretensions. She fulfills her social—and in nine states her politi
cal—duty to the nation and to herself and avoids that most dreadful
of fates, marriage with a man with an uxorious thumb.
It is predicted that the "pure shoe law" will save the sole.
All Cats, an Expert Says, Have Homes,
but No Home Should Have a Cat
THE cat has been the recipient of unearned sympathy. The tears
shed over its "homeless" condition have been so much salt and
water thrown away; the cat needs no tears shed nor any other
sort of shed; he, or she or it, whichever you please, has plenty of
shed room, according to Dr. Thomas Carpenter, city veterinary of
Alameda and former president of the California Cat club.
Some of the kindly disposed transblay people were seriously
effected by the report that the vagrant felines suffered for want of
sleeping accommodations and a regular menu, and suggested that a
home be established for Thomases and Tabbies of good moral char
acter and sedentary habits. The majority of people would not object
to the scheme, provided the home were soundproof and plenty of
chloroform were supplied to the inmates. Doctor Carpenter thinks
that any cat that would accept the charity of such an institution
would be obtaining relief under false pretense.
"There is no such thing as a homeless cat," says Doctor Car
penter. "Every cat has a home, for cats attach themselves to places,
while dogs become attached to persons. If there is anything in the
neighborhood to eat, take my word for it, the cats will find it." •
And the veterinary continues from his catalogue of wisdom:
"Cats are not in any sense adapted to be pets. They are unreliable
and unfitted for the home or the child. They are dangerous to the
extent that they often carry infection." >
When such an expert on cats as this wise veterinary speaks it
is well to dry the tears of misdirected sympathy. Doctor Carpenter
is right. What the public should work for is not the homeless cat,
but the catless home.-
By THE POET PHILOSOPHER
There's nothing doing at the park,
the bleachers all are bare, the grand
etand's empty, cold and dark, no fans
are yelling: there. Where are the lads,
the gltfed lads, who lately played the
game, and thereby gathered in the
scads, and wreathed themselves with
fame? Where are the men who brought
distress to foes, and won the goal? Ah,
'some are writing for the press their
dreary rigmarole: which rigmarole, all
full of "I's," gives mankind clammy
thrills: the baseball lads, if they were
wise, would throw away their quills.
And some are doing monologues upon
the weary etage; attired in circus
actors' togs, they earn their winter
wage; their monologues are ■ full of
"I's," and also full of "me's"; and hear
ers say. with heartfelt sighs, that some
thing smells of cheese. And some are
wransrling loud and long, with enerery
and fire; one says that, t'other did him
wrong, and t'other calls him lyre. And
thus themselves they advertise, as
busily as bees, with endless Jags of big
fat "I's" and wagon loads of "me's."
Oh, 111 be glad when spring is here,
for then the players all will quit their
capers stra/ige and queer, and play the
game of ball. WALT MASON.
IN THE EDITOR'S MAIL
AUTOS DRIVEN WITHOUT CARE
Kditor Call: I wish The Call would
do something to put a stop to the reck
less driving of automobiles in this city.
' Has the pedestrian a chance? Not much.
Many women and young girls are
afraid to cross Market. Kearny, Sutter
and other streets. The police don't
seem to pay much attention to the ma
chine*. For blocks in Van Ness avenue
I have never seen a policeman and the
autos keep dashing , along at top speed,
entirely regardless of the pedestrians.
No wonder we have so many cases of
JOHN WILLIAM SPEARSON.
APPLAUDS PROPOSED RECALL
Kditor Call: Referring to the Judge
Weller affair, by all means we must
protect our young girls from the vil
lains that infest the community. These
attacks are getting too numerous, and
judges who show leniency to the
wretches guilty of such offenses ought
to be recalled. The women ha.ye started
a good work. More power to them.
MARY W. CHANNING.
"I hope you are following my instruc
tions carefully. Sandy—the pills three
times a day, and a drop of whisky at
"Wee!, sir, I may be a wee bit behind
wi' the pills, but I'm about six weeks
in front wi' the whisky."—Tatler.
THE NEW TARGET
Now all the big and little wits,
Who quip and quizz and roast,
Are raining all their merry hits
Upon the parcel poet.
— Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Some fellers are so lucky that
If it rained peas they'd have a
knife in ther pocket. Th; only
way t' tell when a trust is dis
solved is by th , raitte In prices.
Originally hypocrisy was the science
of preaching one thftng- loudly and do
ing another in an eminently stealthy
There were a great many hypocrites
in the world 1900 years ago, and they
were all flourishing until one day they
got put together and described by a
mysterious itinerant preacher with
such consuming eloquence that they
have been unpopular ever since.
Hypocrisy in late years has been
borrowed as a wenpnn by Xhe op
penents of reform and its definition
has been changed. Nowadays a hypo
crite is a man who demands that
something shall be changed for the
It is very easy to prove that such a
man is a hypocrite. If he demands that
the rascals shall be thrown out he is
a "holier than thou" sort of a chap.
And yet it can be easily proved that
three years ago he took a drink. This
makes him a hypocrite and very natur
ally proves that people should have
nothing to do with his reforms.
The word "hypocrite" is now the
chief defense of the man who doesn't
want moral conditions improved. He
will admit that they could be im
proved and ought to be improved, but
he insists that the movement shall be
led by a perfect man. If he isn't per
fect he is a hypocrite for denouncing
vice. Thus vice reigns supreme, slight
ly rumpled, but wholly vindicated, and
the men who cry out against vice
have the bony finger of public scorn
bored through them for their shock
According to the new dispensation,
every man who tries to live correctly
is a hypocrite because sometimes he
fails. Virtue is hypocrisy because it
isn't as good as it tries to be. The
man who yells for the enforcement of
the laws is a despicable creature be
cause, most likely, he is breaking
some laws himself.
Therefore, we have only 3 one virtue*
left—vice. Vice is honest, frank, and
unashamed and should be honored for
it. And the lawbreaker who calmly
proclaims the fact and then buys the
jury in a broadminded and public man
ner, paying spot cash and not cheat
ing anybody, is our only true noble
Hypocrisy is the curse of the nation,
and will be until we learn not to be
afraid of it.
MIGHT HAVE BEENS
"I might have married a million
aire," declared Everywoman. "One
of my old schoolmates is now one."
"And several of your schoolmates
are working right in this town for $10
a week," retorted Everyman, 'while
one of them is in jail. I guess in
marrying a chap getting $1,500 a year
your average is fairly good."
And then Everybaby set up a howl
and they had to stop quarreling to at
tend to him.—Pittsburg Post.
I. T. HACKFIELD, president of the Hackfleld
factories and sugar company of Germany,
with branch offices In nearly all of the large
cities of the world, Is at the St. Francis.
HacWeld has made a tour of the world «nd
just returned from the islands. Hβ Iβ now
on his way back to Bremen, Germany.
# * *
CHABLES G. WENZEL and 8. J. Ferguson,
prominent foimrlry men of Minneapolis, are
at the Union Square. Mr. Wenzel is a native
of San Francisco and Iβ Tislting this city
after an absence of 38 years. He says that
he' Is surprised to see the changes that hare
J. D. McKZKZIE, private secretary of General
Terraza of the Mexican army, is here with
the four children of the noted Mexican lighter.
The children. John. Adele, Abel and Teresa
Terraza, will be placed in private schools. They
are stopping at the Manx.
* * *
V. V. DIXON,* one of the most prominent sugar
planters of Australia, arrived here yesterday
on the steamer Sierra and registered at the
Stewart. Dixon says his trip here i 3 purely
for pleasure and travel.
* ♦ »
WILLIAM VAN SCHUYVER and Mrs. Van
Scbuyver of Portland are at the St. Francis.
Van Schu.wer. who is a large wholesale liquor
dealer, intends to spend the winter in Cali
fornia with his family.
* * *
C. S. McLAURY, orange grower of Lindsay, is
at the Stewart. McLaury says that the or
chaitliKts north of the Tehachapi suffered but
little because of the recent cold spell.
* * *
R. C. FERGUSON, Seattle merchant, who has
just returned from an extensive auto trip
through southern California, has taken apart
ments at the Sutter for the winter.
* * *
E. YON DAMM of Honolulu, secretary of the
Hackfipid company, large factors and sugar
operators in tho tslands, is at the Bellevue
with Mrs. voa Dauim.
* * *
A. FERGUSON, a flnnr and feed merchant of
Bakersfield, and I). H. Needham. a rancher
from Lodi. are stopping at the Argonaut.
■* * #
W. T. McDANIEL, president of Hie First Na
tional bank of Sayhrnok. 111., and Mrs. Me-
Daniel are at the Sutter.
* ♦ #
H. L. BISSEL, enshier of a bank at Dixon, Cal.,
is a recent arrival at the Argonaut, accom
panied by Mrs. Blssel.
* * *
JAMES FALLON, a retired merchant of Long
Island, has taken apartments at the Sutter
tor the winter.
* * *
MRS. ELMER'BUTLER-CCRTELL of Vallejo and
Mrs. L. M. Cortell of Yerrington, Nev., are at
* * *
CHARLES KARRIS, editor and publisher of the
.Merced Star, and Mrs. Harris are at the
* ♦ ♦
A. J. M&cDONALD, mining engineer of Manila,
arrived ou the Cbiyo Maru and is at the
* * *
D. L. BLISS, manager of Tahoe Tavern, Lake
Tabor, tod Mrs. Bliss are staying at the St.
* * *
WILLIAM R. STAATS. a prominent capitalist
of Los Angeles, is stopping at the Palace.
•* ** #
WILLIAM A. SAYRES, proprietor of • hotel
at Bolinas, is a guest at thp Argonaut.
* ♦ #
MAJOR J. E. GLASSOP. a public official of
Rock Creek, B. C. is at the Stewart.
GEORGE DOLL and Alts Poll, business men of
Coos Bay. ere at the Union Square.
m * *
HENRY BROLASKI. n tripling erangellst of
Los Angeles, Iβ et the Palare.
* # *
W. A. DAVIB, an automobile dealer of Manila,
ts at the Stanford.
* * *
A. NEYWOLSXILL, a Pasadena real estate man.
is at the Stanford.
* ♦ »
JOHN C. NILAK, mining man of Nevada City,
is at the Manx.
* *• #
G. E. SHORE of Lemoore is registered at the
* * *
I. J. PRTJLX and Mrs. Prulx of Willows are at
* # *
S. F. DE TOE and family of Modesto are at the
* * *
GEOSGE GORDON of Portland is at the Golden
* * ♦
A. C. HARTWELL of Barstow is at the Dal*.
* * * i
iX. E. BAYLEY of Chicago is at the Colonial.
JANUARY 18, 1913
As a conventior
city San Franciscc
has enjoyed world
wide favor, since
became an impor
tant factor in our
social life. There
is hardly an important organization
in the country that has not, at some
time, held its grand council insido
the Golden gate. President Taft threw
a deserved bouquet when he called
San Francisco "the city that know*
how." It showed that President Taft
knows what's what. San Francisco is
in favor, not only with the people that
walk to and fro on the face of the
parth. hut with the denizens of the
deep and the birds of the air. Ducks
from a,ll parts of the Pacific, from
south Atlantic to the north pole, gather
In these parts at some seasons of the
year. This is the convention place o*
the seagulls, seals, sea lions and
, Much of the noise heard from the
Cliff house balcony and mistaken for
the roar of the breakers. Is really ma<l
up of cheers, chatter and oratory from
some finny assembly. Everybody has
noticed the prize driM tea*nis of the
duck family practicing in midair arfd
the lighthouse keeper at the Farailon
islands frequently has his 0 sleep dis
turbed by the uproar of a seagull con
Sometimes, however, this
has its disadvantages. Jack Frosf
called the icicle convention to order
here a few days ago. This was fol
lowed by the jubilee celebration of
the showflakes, and right on top of
that Jupiter visited us with a delega
tion of thunderbolts.
The night of the thunderbolt con
vention an old lady who lives in Ala
meda, near the sanatorium, which Is in
the center of the new "zone of silence,"
called vp 1 Alamtfda's chief of police.
She is a considerate old lady, slightly
deaf, but bubbling over with human
"This is Mrs. So-and-so," she told the
chiefy "I live in Clinton avenue. Ther?
are a lot of hoodlums down here mak
ing a fearful disturbance, and I think
you should stop it."
In response to a request for more
details, she continued: c
"They are firing: bombe and making
other dreadful noises. I don't mm I
for myself, but Ifs a shame to disturb
the sick people in the sanatorium."
* ♦ ♦
And it was a shame, but even a chief
of police couldn't pinch that thunder
storm. I wonder what Jove would say
if he knew that an Alameda lady called
him a hoodlum?
* ♦ ♦
A new club, the product of the recent
cold spell, has been formed among tiM
commuters. The members of this latest
commuteration call themselves the
Backwarmers. , They are of all ages and
both sexes and include in their number
many reformed fresh air fiends. The
membership is limited by the extent of
the heating area.
The Backwarmers meet on the lowers?
deck of all the ferry boats. On earn
boat, surrounding the engines and the
flreroom, is a bulkhead either of sheet
r**K or of light woodwork. The surplus
heat l*om the furnaces goes up to th<
ventilators inside this bulkhead and
warms the casing against which the
members of the new club lean their
backs and raise the temperature ■ <>f
their spinal columns.
You can see them there on any nf the
early morning boats. A Baokwarmer
can be picked out before he gets aboa-ii
the boat by the distressed expression on
his face. He cheers up a bit after he
has his back against the heated bulk
head, and before the boat lands at
ferry depot some of them are convu-r -
ing in natural tones and even smiling.
* * *
The Backwarmers may be regarded
as benefactors by the whole commuter
army. They make themselves comfort
able, thereby adding to the gem
Joyous appearance of the whole earlr
rising brigade, and they furnish te •
for the derisive comments of ti
steadfast fresh air fiends who contl
to crowd the open aprons at both enda
of the boats.
** • \
Baron Henry yon Kuhlmann did wh.t
he could the ot"her day when he arnved,
from the orient to dispel the illusions
that surround the American girl. He
did his best to show us how she ought
to be treated. We always can learn
something from a baron. From our
very own baron, Henry yon Schroede;-.
we can learn how to be comfortable in
the theater—even in the orchestra seats.*
* * »
Tn San Francisco we take our theater
going with democratic simplicity. The
hat, coat and umbrella boy at the local
theater has not yet acquired the com
pelling ways of his brother bandit who
operates on the threshold of the fash
ionable restaurants. As a consequence
hat, coat and umbrella usually accom
pany the theatergoer to hla seat. The
management has done its best for the
checking industry by making the dispo
sition of outdoor impedimenta as diffi
cult as possible.
The seats are so arranged that If yn
sit on your overcoat you can't get more'
than a fraction of you into the seat
If you hold the coat on your knees you
have to remove it every time the man
on the inside seat feels thirsty. There
is no room for it on the floor, your
share of which is occupied by your feet
and your hat. Theoretically, your hflt
is in a wire rack under the seat. That
is where you put it, but it seldom stays
These thing* do not trouble baron
yon Schroeder. Here is his system:
If he goes to the theater alone he buys
two seats. If he takes a friend with
htm he buys three seats. Always he
buys one extra seat for the accommoda
tion of his own and his guests' hats ami
wraps. And the baron always is com
The baron's system suggests a refuge
from the restaurant hat graft in the
simple process of arranging , for an ex
tra chair on which to pile superfluous
raiment. You may have to watch th«
waiter to see that he doesn't pour soup
in the sleeve of your new overcoat, but
you know where your things are. arvl
that knowledge In itself should promote
digestion. LINDSAY CAMPBELL.
CURIOSITIES OF CHRISTENING
My old friend Hezekiah Grubh.
Although he has a homejy name.
A check book holds where many a stub
Records his sentimental fame.
The children christened after him
Are mostly boys of weight and eize
But now and then a girl so slim
Will draw -'Grubbina" as her priae.
My name is Peroival St. Glair;
I do not squint like Uncle Hea.
He has unruly, sunburnt hair.
And starts each sentence with "I L
No cares of weaith make me severe; m
I'm kind and gentle as can be, *
And yet, with all my courteous cheet
( No one names babies after me!